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Blood on the Dollars Saved by Refusing
To Aid the Americans Helpless in Mexico
HOW many Americfns must be shot to death before what goes on in Mexico becomes something more than a 'diplomatic situa
What holds back American relief for the Americans now at the mercy of the savage noldiery, the robbers, the thugs, the
released felons, that make a hell and a shambles of the Mexican capital? t ;
Is there a time limit, a numerical limit, an outrage limit which Washington waits to be passed before it sends help to the citizens
of this country for whom there is no other help?
There are many foreigners in the city of horror. Among them are some thousands of Americans. Madcro and Diaz can't or
won't protect them or their property—neither cares much what happens to them. They can't get away. It is physically impossible
for them to escape out of range of the fierce duel of cannon and rifles that rages up and down the main streets of the capital.. If
they could flee the city it would probably be to plunge into the arms of guerrillas and marauders.
It can not be said now how many Americans, noncombatants, have been killed. The other day one American woman was killed
in her home by a federal shell. Another's legs were shot off. Must there be several hundred more helpless American men and women
slain before America's strong hand is outthrust to protect the thousands who cower in the fear of bloody death, who cry to us for aid?
Once before we waited and waited on Washington just as we are doing now. From all over the country went up the demand that
this government stop the atrocities of Weyler's rule in Cuba—a demand made in the name of humanity. Washington sat still. Then
came the flash that told of the destruction of the Maine, and war was on Without any more words or waiting.
Once came across the ocean the cry of the Americans and others shut up in the legations at Peking, at the mercy of the rebels.
There was no waiting that time. The little column of the allies shot, smashed and cut its way to their relief and all the world said
It was not war in Cuba—not civilized war. It was not civilzed war at Peking. It is not civilized war between federals and rebels
in Mexico City merely ruthless, savage fighting, without rules or limitations. There is no mercy, no safeguard for noncombatants,
none for women and children.
Our own countrymen despairingly call for help. What is the answer? Our big battleships are tearing down the two coasts at
full speed— with orders not to land a man or fire a shot! )
President Taft journeys tranquilly over to Philadelphia, leaving his war, navy and state secretaries to read the dispatches that
tell of the butchery of Americans caught helpless within the lines of fire. If the situation grows "serious" he will send a special
message to congress.
Americans in peril of their lives ask the nation to send them relief; in reply, the president will send a message to congress!
The Mexican intervention bill will be big. The Cuban bill certainly was. The responsibilities will be heavy aod last long.
But how about our country men —and women —already murdered or living now from hand to mouth and hour to hour? How about
our national honor? How about our standing in the eyes of the nations that naturally and properly look to us to protect not only
our subjects but theirs in Mexico?
The telegraph lines are still open to the City of Mexico. Before another day passes they should carry to Madero and Diaz a stern
ultimatum. It should say that either they must stop fighting and firing long enough to let the foreigners get to places of safety,
giving them safe conduct and providing them with carriage, or our ships will seize their ports and our fighting men will march upon the
The Call is for peace, but not for the peace that smells of dishonor, that lets our own people be massacred and people who
rightfully may claim our protection.
The Call is for economy in government, but not for the economy that garners dollars with blood and shame on them—and there
will be shame and blood on the money saved by keeping out of Mexico any longer for economy's sake.
There is no law. no government, in Mexico today. The city i s not policed. The shells and bullets of rebel and federal rip through
houses and spread death without and within. There is no safe refuge. The food supplies run short. Garbage festers in streets, yards
and houses. Soon pestilence will be added to the terrors and perils of a situation already desperate for the noncombatants.
And all we Americans can do is to watch Washington while it waits—for what wholesale slaughter, for what atrocity?
These conditions are enough to make Americans wonder what has become of our national sense of honor, pride, self-respect,
Does Cupid Lurk in
The Ballot Box? He
Doesn't Fear the Polls
Home life would decay and marriage
could not be thought of. It would happen, naturally, that when the young
men went courting the young woman of marriageable age he would find that
she was away from home attending a political meeting. Matrimony is an
impossibility without the period of courting, just as bird's nests would never
be-built unless there was a mating season.
Suffrage was to divert woman from her first function, that of wife (and
So argued the anti-sufrragi.-ts in California; so argue the anti-suffragists
now in Xew York and England and in every state and country where there
is an issue on that question of human rights. ✓
Xow, let us consider the figures on marriages in California, a suffrage
state, for a presidential election year.
George Leslie, statistician of the state board of health, has published data
which show that during the year 1912 the .number of marriages in California
increased by 14 6 per cent, against an increase of 9.5 per cent for 1911, the
banner year previously. The number of marriages in 1912 was 31,276, a
numerical increase of 3,973 over 1911. The percentage of increase is the
more remarkable because the denominator on which the fractional gain was
computed in 1912 was larger than for 1911. The fact that 1912 was a leap
year makes the figures more interesting, for leap years are always considered
(.!:" years in marriages, owing to the coyness of men and women about
mating when there mi'-iht be raised the notion that the woman is the
-Mr. Leslie ascribes the increase to either the prosperity of the state or to
the enfranchisement of women. Prosperity doubtless had much to do with
the boom in matrimony: the enfranchisement of women was cited as a con
tributing by the statistician in a humorous moment.
But the association of matrimony and suffrage is not humorous; it is
important. The marriage figures for California in 1912 prove that the woman
who has the vote is no less attractive to the man than the woman without
vote. We may even agree with Mr. Leslie that the greater community of
interests granted man and woman by a joint ballot may have been a factor
in match making. A man does not fear that a woman who can vote would be
less capable as a mother than would a woman whose practical participation
in citizenship is little more active than that of a creature of the harem.
! Police Judges Would
■ Better Extend Their
i Two Hour Schedule
to exceed an average of 120 minutes a day six days a week. That is not
enough —not enough work for the money; not enough time to give to the
cases. Some judges assert that their daily calendars are so long that the
best they can give is "snapshot" justice; some say that they put in much time
and work in chambers. But doing what? Police judges rarely render
written opinions or call for legal points and authorities requiring verification.
We suspect that the "work ir. chambers" pica is polite fiction.
Recently it was stated by the chief of police that only one judge, Shortal!,
hoids court in the afternoon. It is the complaint of the police, of the
prosecuting officers, of attorneys and of individuals, that the practice of the
police judges as to hours of work amounts often to great and needless hard
ship, if not to denial of justice. There are too many continuances; too fre
quently defendants are held in jail to await hearing; too often no judge can
be found to sign a bail bond, and the subject must stay behind the bars at
least 24 hours longer than the course of justice requires.
If the police judges contend thai there is no delay due to their custom,
if they maintain that they keep their calendars clear by sitting from 10
o'clock a. m. to noon, then the answer is that we have too many police
judges. Four hours a day is not excessive even for a judge. If four judges
can dispatch the business of the tribunal sitting two hours a day, two judges
would dispose of it by holding court four hours a day. That would mean a
considerable economy to the city.
The four judges, or as many of them as have been working on the two
hour schedule, will be well advised to alter their program and do some
public business every week day afternoon. Failure or refusal may be taken as
notice that they do not care much about their jobs.
Vote? for women were to destroy home
li;>. When a woman had to attend upon
politics—which, of course, would take
her away from her home a half hour
everj- election day—she could not prop
erly attend to her household duties'.
Granting that it is the hardest kind of
work to administer police court justice,
yet are the duties of the office so exact
ing that the holder can not be expected
to labor more than two bours a day?
It is charged that most, if not all, the
San Francisco police judges put in not
EDITORIAL PAGE OF THE GALL
BILLS NOW UNDER CONSIDERATION IMPARTIALLY ANALYZED BY
THE CALL FOR THE LAYMAN'S BENEFIT
More than 60 bills designed to make
radical changes in the laws of mar
riage and divorce are pending for
consideration of the legislature upon
its reconventlon in March. They range
from fairly innocuous schemes for the
compilation of marriage and divorce
statistics to medical examination as a
marital prerequisite and forfeiture by
wlfe beaters of the right to marry.
Herewith are the provision* of a se
lected number of the proposed acts
whloh may be taken as fairly repre
senting the trend of all the pending
legislation on the subject matter:
PHYSICIAN'S CERTIFICATE PRERE
QUISITE TO LICENSE TO MAR
RY—ASSEMBLY BILL. 419 AND
SENATE BILL 549:
These bills differing radically ex
cept in one major feature, may be
taken as fairly typical of the large
number of measures designed to pre
vent the marriage of mentally de
ficient or physically unfit persons.
Assembly bill 419 prohibits the mar
riage of any woman under the age of
45 and of any man of whatever age
unless he marry a woman of more than
45, who is a common drunkard,
habitual criminal, epileptic, imbecile,
feeble minded, idiot, insane, or who
has been afflicted with hereditary in
sanity, or Is afflicted with pulmonary
tuberculosis in its advanced stages or
any contagious venereal disease.
Clergymen and officers authorized by
law to solemnize marriages are for
bidden to marry any such person un
less the "woman be more than 45.
The county clerk before issuing a
marriage license shall require from
each of the applicants an affidavit by
at least one reputable physician show
ing that such applicant does not come
within the inhibitions of the act. In
addition to the physicians , affidavits the
must require the affidavit of one
or more disinterested, credible persons
showing that the applicants are not
habitual criminals and that the woman
is more than 18 years and the man
more than 21 years of age. If either
be under the prescribed age the appli
cation for license must be accompanied
by the consent affidavit of the parent
The bill prohibits the marriage of
girls under the age of 15 years by
specifically providing that no affidavit
of consent may be received in such
cases. Falsification of any of the affi
davits is defined as a felony punishable
by a fine of not more than $1,000 or,
imprisonment in the state penitentiary
for not more than three years or by
both such fine and imprisonment.
Senate bill 549 represents the sim
plest type of pending bills providing
for medical examination as a prere
quisite to license to marry. It is de
signed to accomplish the desired pur
pose by two short amendments to sec
tion 69 of the civil code as amended
in 1907, providing for the issuance of
The existing law prohibits the
granting of a license when either of
the applicants is an imbecile, an in
sane person or is under the influence
of any intoxicating liquor or narcotic
drug. The first amendment extends
that prohibition to cases where either
party is affected with tuberculosis or
any venereal disease in the infectious
stage. It also provides that each ap
plicant shall present the affidavit of
a licensed physician that he has ex
amined the applicant for each of the
infirmities or afflictions prescribed by
the act and found t,he applicant free
from any and all of them.
Under existing law the clerk is
authorized to examine the male ap
plicant under oath as to the truth of
any of the statements required as pre
requisite to the granting of a license.
Senate bill 549 authorizes the clerk
to examine both applicants under
WIFE BEATERS. FORFEITURE OF
RIGHT TO REMARRY— SENATE
This bill provides for a register of
wife beaters and makes it a felony
for a person divorced for wife beating
to contract a legal or common law
It makes it the duty of the court
granting a divorce on the of
GEORGE A. VAN SMITH
extreme cruelty on proof of striking-,
kicking, whipping, etc., to issue with
the judgment an order designating- the
defendant as a wife beater. That order
shall set forth that the wife beater
has forfeited all right to marry again
in the state of California and that no
marriage license shall ever again be
issued to him.
The bill declares that it shall be
unlawful for any person designated as
a wife beater either to marry again
in the state of California or to main
tain marital relations with any woman
in this state with or without a mar
riage ceremony having , been performed,
legally or otherwise.
This section is broad enough in its
provisions to prevent a man divorced
and designated as a wife beater in
California from living subsequently in
this state with a wife to whom he was
legally married in another state.
The clerk in the superior court des
ignating one as a wife beater must
file a copy of the order with the
county clerk. The county clerk must
enter the order and all its data in a
wife beaters' register. Then he must
send a copy of the order to every
county clerk in the state for like
entry in the wife beaters' register of
the several counties.
These registers must be kept written
up at all times and be open for in
spection in the marriage license de
partments of the clerks' offices. The
clerk must examine his wife beaters'
register before issuing any license to
marry. He is forbidden to issue a li
cense to any person on such register.
Infraction of this provision is defined
as a misdemeanor punishable by fine
of not less than fIOO.
Evasion of the provisions of the pro
posed act by any wife beater is made
a felony punishable by imprisonment
In the state prison for not less than
one nor more than live years. Evasion
is made to include procuring a license
by the use of a fictitious or any other
fradulent device and the maintenance
of marital relations either as the re
sult of a legal or common law mar
STATISTICS, MARRIAGE AND DI
VORCE: SENATE BILJJS 465
Senate bill 485 makes it the duty of
the bureau of vital statistics to col
lect, compile and present statistics re
lating to marriage and divorce. It
makes it the duty of all state and
county officers to keep such records
as shall be required and to furnish
the bureau of vital statistics with the
prescribed data upon request.
Senate bill 1170 covers the same sub
ject more specifically and in detail. It
lays upon the clerks of the several
counties the duty of furnishing- the
state bureau with certain statistics
upon each divorce case adjudicated in
their several counties. The statistics
are covered under 23 prescribed heads,
including , a general summary of final
judgments in divorce to be made each
month. Failure on the part of any
official to comply with the provisions
of the proposed act is made a misde
The prescribed reports cover dura
tion of marriage, number of children,
alimony, occupations of parties, ages
of children, etc.
Senate bill 1171 is supplemental to
1170 In that It provides that much of
the information required to be re
corded by 1170 shall be set forth in
divorce complaints. The complaint
must include statement of the state or
country in which the marriage was
solemnized; date of marriage; date of
separation; time elapsed between mar
riage and separation; number and ages
of minor children; occupations of par
ties, residence of defendant.
MARRIAGE REVOKES WILL MADE
PRIOR THERETO: SENATE BILL
This bill is designed to simplify and
radically to chanse section 1299 of the
civil code defining the effect of subse
quent marriage upo* a man's will, it
provides that a man's will is revoked
by his subsequent marriage, and is not
revived by the death of his wife.
The existing lew is that if, after
making a vrW, a»nmn marries *md the
wife survives him the will Is, revoked
THE WORLD IMPROVES.
Cap. Kidd he wax a sailor bold,
A reckless navigator;
He buried his ill gotten gold
Just north of the equator.
The Cap's great wealth was much ad
Though sinfully he made It,
When he a subsidy desired.
He went out and waylaid it.
It's lucky for the Cap. that he
Lived under a rude system,
When folks who lost their goods would
Afraid to say they missed 'em.
Such deeds as his could not be hid
In days like these, 'tis stated.
A man who did like old Cap. Kidd,
He'd get Investigated.
THE OLD MAN'S HINT
Mother fat 11:30 p. m.)— What's the
matter, John? You look disturbed.
Father—l thought I'd give that young
man calling on our daughter a vigorous
hint it was time to go, so I walked
right into the parlor and deliberately
turned out the gae.
Mother—Oh, my! And did he get
Father—Angry? The young jackan-
said "Thank you."—-Boston Tran
The New Junior Partner—Well, I've
succeeded in settling that Arnold case,
The Senor Partner—What! Goodness,
boy, why I gave you that case as an
"Ever get an egg with a girl's name
written on It?"
"No; but this may be an incipient ro
mance. There's a finger print on this
piece of pie."—Louisville Courier-Jour
A HOT ONE
Road Hog (after mishap in -which
puppy tias been run over) —"Madam, I
will replace the animal."
Indignant Owner—"Sir, you flatter
IN THE TRAM CAR
Man (Bitting)— Pardon me,, madam,
but you're standing on my feet.
Woman (standing)—lf you were any
thing of a man you'd be standing on
them yourself.—Boston Transcript.
THE LADY NEXT DOOR
"Do you obey the bible injunction to
love your neighbor?"
"I try to, but she won't let me."-—Co
unless one of three conditions can be
shown: (1) that provision has been
made for the wife by marriage con
tract; (2) that she is provided for in
the will; (3) that she is mentioned in
the will in a manner to show the in
tention of the testator not to make
such provision. As the law stands the
presumption of revocation can not be
rebutted on any other grounds.
BEGINNING OF DIVORCE ACTION.
Senate bill 560 amends section 107,
civil code, by adding a provision that
no action for divorce based on a con
viction oft felony shall be commenced
within one year after such conviction.
Under existing law such actions may
be begun immediately.
DENIAL OF DECREE.
Senate bill 561 amends section 124,
civil code, by providing that petitions
for divorce based on conviction of
felony must be denied if. after term-
of sentence or pardon, there Is
a resumption of marital relations.
Senate bill 591 is designed to add a
new section to the civil code to pre
vent the alienation of property pend
ing judgment in divorce actions. It
provides that where a division of the
marriage property is asked for in the
complaint, the plaintiff may at the
time the summons is ia*ued or at any
time within the ensuing 10 days record
notice of pendency with the county re
corder. The notice shall include the \
names of the parties, the nature of the
suit and a description of the property
in that county. The filing of the no
tice creates a lien in favor of the
party filing it. The Hen continues
until the entry of an Interlocutory de
c.r«M or iudaroent of denial of divorce.
IF you would learn the Inadequacy
of strong language and abuse as
vents for pentup wrath take a trip
across the bay on the ferry steamer
Newark. At the end of the trip, when
the passengers are disembarking,
closely observe the blue shirted viking
who guards the chain stretched across
the stairway leading to the . lower
deck. I have seen men and women
stand up to that hardy Norseman and
address him In language that would
be barred even In a political conven
tion. Vials of sarcasm, bitter enough
to tie knots In the ferry tower, have
been uncorked under his nose and
hurled into his face without winning
the acknowledgment of a glance of
his blue eyes or even of one of them.
Names that even Rags, the ferry mas
cot, would resent, have been hissed
Into his ear. He has been abused and
vilified In all languages and by both
sexes, but if he were filled with em
balming fluid, swathed in linen band
ages, housed in a mummy box and
built into the inside masonry of the
great pyramid he could not pay less
♦ ♦ *
This viking is fully endowed with
all the regulation faculties. His eye
sight Is keen, his hearing acute; a
word of praise will cheer him up and
he takes a reprimand to heart. Hβ
even eats food and smokes tobacco.
When you call him '"a pink checked,
white headed Scandinavian son of
Thor" he hears every word of it and
realizes that the message is directed
to him. but makes neither acknowl
edgment nor protest.
* # *
Exasperation needs a counter irritant.
When somebody annoys us and we
find ourselves seeing reS and boiling
over with wrath we try to say some
thing that will make the offender
madder tban we are and in the heat
of the conflagration we have started
our own wrath evaporates. In dealing
with the guardian of the chain, how
ever, this method does not work. You
may tell him he is all bone —solid ivory
—but when you get through and turn
away foiled and ecarred by the fire of
your own anger, you realize that as
bestos would have been a better word.
* # #
All of which brings us to what is
really an effort on the part of the S. P.
to Improve its ferry service. One rea
son why the boats of the Key Route
line are so punctual in starting is the
fact that the yellow steamers carry no
freight. A combination of freight and
passengers, such as the S. P. carries,
takes more time to handle because the
freight can not be discharged until all
the passengers are ashore, and it must
be loaded before they embark.
The passengers on the lower deck
usually advance to the forward end of
the boat as the steamer approaches its
slip and are ready to walk ashore the
moment the apron is let down. The
upper deck crowd is more leisurely.
This disinclination to hurry or deter
mination not to, according to the point
of view, is all right provided the leis
urely ones leave the steamer by the
upper gangway. Frequently, however,
the slowest of them prefer to go down
to the main deck, and it is this belated
stream of stragglers that delays the
movement of the freight and, in the
end, prevents the boat's leaving on
Hence the chain. A card explaining
the situation, posted where it would be
seen on the upper deck, \tfould prob
ably save a good deal of friction. In
the case of tlie deckhand on the New
ark, the friction is all on the other
side. His feelings are all on ball bear
ings, running in oil. His orders are to
promote the use of the uppejr deck
gangway by barring the stairway to
the lower deck, and, believe me, he
* • •
As an educator this deckhand may
not be a success, but he'd make a
dandy witness before a congressional
investigating committee. Commuters
who have learned to watch him in ac
tion know him as the S. P.'s official
The attention of United States Dis
trict Attorney McNab and Special
Agent Tidwell is called to the current
issue of an illustrated weekly pub
lished in New York, the editor of whfcih
appears to have inside knowledge of
FEBRUARY 14, 1913
They're Saying —
There seems to be a good deal of
underground business about the New
York subway contracts.—Philadelphia
The St. Louis woman "who marrie*
her sons to her maid servants has
solved not only the servant problem
but the much harder one of maklner
Cupid do as he is told.—New York Tri
Why don't the English statesmen
who rail one another "traitor" with
singular monotony tome over here and
get a sure enough stock of epithets?—
Kansas City Star.
A German scientist cays that tight
ening one's belt is the best way to
alleviate hunger. Evidently he has hR 1
no experience with a slim waistetl
chorus girl in a Broadway cafe.—Mil
A tourist says Mexico needs r bae'c
to-the-soil movement. Civil wars us".
ally operate successfully in getting
men back to the soil to stay.—Houston
Kicked by a mule an Oklahomnn
suddenly remembered what he hni
done with a large sum of money. Tit's
Pujo committee ought to get that
mule.—St. Louis Republic.
After a man has taken a chance it
sometimes happens that he would be
only too glad of a chance to pat it
A play written by the editor of 'Cor
rect English and How to Use It ,, has
failed. Of course, Only a novice would
think of writing a play in thjtt un
familiar tongue.—Chicago News.
St. Louis boasts of a man with a
wooden arm who plays baseball. The
St. Louis American league team last
year seemed to have nine of "them.—
Detroit Free Press.
"Tom" Marshall is going , to he the
golf player of the Wilson administra
tion and there won't be any cow. so
that settles two of the most important
preliminary problems.—Baltimore Sun.
The women's leagues that are cut
ting down food prices have now started
on apple?. This is a sort of compensa
tion owed the public, as the combina
tion of woman and an apple vai< th*
original cause of all high prices.—Balt-
the methods of the coal trust. Th«
item upon which this conclusion is
based indicates that he might make a
valuable witness in the grand jury in
vestigation now in progress locally. t
Life is the paper from which I quote—
you know Life, the authority on vacci
nation—and here is the item;
"Old King Coal
Was a nervy old soul.
And a nervy old soul was he,
For he weighed in his drivers
with every load of coal,
And also his shovelers three."
• LINDSAY CAMPBELL.
With babies' overshoes sellin' at
1 60 cents a pair even th' poor man
ji\s up again th , tire proposition.
Ever , - time a magazine gits hard «p
i'fer somethin" t' print it runs a
!| story about th' big trees o , Cali