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MADERO'S ABDICATION RELIEVES WASHINGTON OFFICALS
Cabinet Heads Indicate That Precautionary Measures Will Be Continued T
NEW NOTE HEARD
IN BATTLE'S HR
IN OLD CAPITAL
Whir and Patter of Machine
Guns Punctuate Boom of
diminishing , measure, a cannon now
and then sending , a shell first to one
*Ide and then to the other, as if mark
The rebels were not reinforced to- |
day, but the federals had received ad- j
ditions to their ranks and the claim j
was made by the government that it
had no fewer than 6.000 men available.
The rebels numbered 3,000. including
several hundred men who deserted to I
them today. The federal forces were j
increased by 70Q brought by Gefieral
Blanquet from Toluca early in* the
Francisco de la Barra, formerly pro
visional president, who In all "prob
ability will become president In suc
cession to Madero. was accompanied
to the arsenal and to the palace by the
Spanish minister. He did not divulge
the nature of his conversations, but
expressed the hope that hostilities
What may be regarded as an im
portant development, though one not
known to Mexicans in the capital, was
the transmission by members of the
Society of the American Colony of a
protest against the idea proposed by
John Barrett, director of the Pan-
American Union, for mediation in the
BURN MADERO'S HOUSE
The rebels obtained their first per
sonal revenge today when they burned
the private house of President Madero, i
located at Berlin and Liverpool streets.
It was a handsome structure, and since
the incumbency of Madero had become
one of the show places of the capital.
BIRX MADERO'S HOME
The rebels had driven a detachment
of federals in retreat along Barcelona
street. They emerged on Liverpool
street, the rebels at their heels.
Shouting and firing at the fleeing
soldiers, the rebels crowded into the
aristocratic quarter and the sight of
Madero's house inspired the idea of its
destruction. Only servants had occu
pied the house since the members of
the president's family took refuge in
the Japanese legation.
The rebels entered and carried off
whatever caught their fancy. A mo
ment later the building was in flames.
As the fire mounted, the cracking of
cartridges revealed the fact that the
structure practically had been an
arsenal. The explosion of ammunition
continued so long as to indicate that
thousands of rounds must have been
The third secretary of the American
embassy, Henry F. Tennant, accom
panied by a messenger in an automo
bile, was stopped in the streets tonight
FIGHT AT CLOSE RANGE
A change of tactics marked the close
of the day's military operations. The
artillery duel was succeeded by a gen
eral engagement at closer range, last
ing for more than an hour.
Federal reserves were called out and
from all sides.
General Huerta prepared to attack.
Shprt range cannon were moved closer
to the fortifications, but the battery
of heavy pieces near the railway sta
tion were left to play a prominent
The rebels interfered but little with
the preparations. They appeared
willing for the fight and when it was
inaugurated seemed not averse to try
XEW NOTE IIV BATTLE
Buildings within rifle range of the
rebel positions sheltered machine guns
and infantry, while heavy detach
ments massed in the streets, approach-
Ing: the positions from east and west.
When the government forces began
this attack, both the cannon and small
arms of the rebels were put Into quick
action. In two minutes the city was
listening to a new note In the Jong
symphony of battle. The heavy crash
ing of artillery, to which the Inhabi
tant* had been accustomed, was toned
down by the rattle of rifle and ma
chine gun fire.
How many fell in this engagement
ran not be told, but the number was
undoubtedly large. The federal loss
was unquestionably greater than that
of the rebels.
SHELL STRIKE PLAZA
Occasionally shells from the fed
eral battery at the station fell with
accuracy in the big plaza in front of
the arsenal. Little damage was done
to the structure Itself.
The federals were at a disadvantage
because they were compelled to ad
vance, and, to do so, they had to leave
their shelter and crowd into the streets.
It had been said that the Maderistas
had planned to dynamite a path
through the district In order to make
this attack, but if so the plan was
abandoned, and the attacking party in
the narrow streets was swept by the
rebel guns with deadly and demoral
It was the advance of the federals
down Balderas etreet early in the day
which provoked the first sharp reply
from the mutinous zone.
Diaz waited until the federals were
far down the line, then threw Into
their ranks a hail of shrapnel and
swept them with machine gun fire. Few
left the street al've.
The government troops attempted to
carry the rebel position from other
directions, but always with the same
result; the federals fell under a with
ering fire or were driven back to
3V general order to cease firing was
given at 2 p. m., but for the two
preceding hours the fire from the gov
ernment lines practically had been sus
pended. General de la Vega, com
manding , the line directly to the east of
the rebel position, admitted that he
was unable to advance. Failure had
been encountered in all quarters.
FF.DERAI- BATTALION REVOLTS
It was coincidental with this cessa
tion of the firing that a battalion of the
Twentieth infantry revolted. All but
a handful of these federals succeeded
in joining Diaz.
This battalion was stationed along
Jndependencia street. The men sud
denly turned upon their officers and
shot them, but the sound of these
shots did not attract general attention
In the heavy fusillade. Then the en
tire battalion broke for the rebel lines,
reaching there in safety.
, Thirty-eight of them were over
powered, however, by loyal troops and
were marched to the palace, where
they probably will be executed.
AlthQugh the firing on Uoth sides
AMERICANS FOR WHOSE SAFETY FEAR IS FELT
NEW YOR.lt, Feb. 14— (Special Dispatch to The Call). — Crave anxiety is felt in this city by persons
Tvho have friends Ihing in Mexico City concerning their safety because the homes of many Americans are in
the battle zone. Among the prominent Americans who arc said to be in danger because their homes are in the
E. N. UROWA, representing me
Speyer interests, who lives with his
wife and four, children in a beauti
ful residence in the Colona Roma.
Mr. Brown is also a partner of
Pedro Lascurian. secretary of state
in the Madero cabinet.
C. R. HUDSON, vice president of
the Mexican Central railroad, who,
with his wife and daughter, lives
in the Calle Milan.
MR. and MRS. HAROLD WALKER
and her two children, in the Colona
Cuahtefhoc near the' British lega
J. W. GALBRAITH. manager of
the Waters-Pierce Oil company, in
the Calle Lucerna.
J. H. BOHAN, also of the Waters-
Pierce company, who lives with his
wife and two children in the Calle
J. H. HAMPSON, at the American
GEORGE McCARTY, president of
the Mercantile bank, at the Ameri
MR. and MRS. PAUL HUDSON.
Hudson is president of the Mexican
was lighter today, the total number
of shells used was enormous and the
incidental destruction to property
great. The loss of life among non
combatants as a result of the shelling
probably was less than on the other
days, because every one who had
strength enough moved out of the dis
tricts near the scene of the opera
tions, and also by reason of the fact
that the rebels confined their artillery
action largely to the streets threat
ened by assault.
BULLETS WHISTLE EVERYWHERE
Bullets whistled here and there in all
parts of the city. They were fired
across the town by both sides from the
housetops and other places, wherever
sharpshooters could be stationed. On
account of the efforts of the govern
ment troops to advance this fire wae
heavier than usual, and deep Inroads
must have been made on the arsenal
munitions to keep the rifles ajid ma
chine guns supplied.
What was promised again by . the
government to be a day of terrible
punishment for the rebel commander
developed into the weakest attempt at
his subjugation. Madero's artillery
conducted the attack halfheartedly, j
although his infantry at times showed
Rebel shells were thrown at the na
tional palace and occasionally hurled
across the town toward the federal
battery on the Paseo de la Reforma
near the Colonia railway station, but |
for the most part Diaz waited until the
federals moved well into range of hia
guns guarding the approaches. Thi3 |
took place innumerable times, and as
often the streets were effectually
cleared in short order.
NEWS BAD FOR MADERO
From the regions outside the capi«
tal the news was bad for the. govern
ment. General Aguilar, an aged offi
cer of the regular army, who revolted
a few months ago, and Colonel de la
Llave, also formerly attached to the
regulars, who has been In revolt for
some months, took the city of Puebla.
capital of the state of the same name,
and proclaimed General Toria gover
nor. They were assisted by Fran
cisco Pradillo, the government chief of
arms in that city.
THEY DECLARED FOR DIAZ
Although few outside forces have
arrived in the capital to support Diaz,
there is evidence that many quarters
of the country are participating in ris
ings in his name. Passengers from
Guadalajara report that no telegrams
received there have been delivered and
that the editor of one paper which
published an account of the mutiny in
the City of Mexico was promptly sent
to jail on a charge of disseminating
seditious matter. But, in. spite of this,
the people were crying "vivas" for
All the trains leaving the capital
are crowded with refugees of every
nationality, but Mexican fugitives
By ROBERT MURRAY
(Special Dispatch to The Call)
MEXICO CITY, Feb. 14.—Today's
fighting showed a lack of heart and in
telligence on the part of the federal
and rebel officers and men.
Every able bodied American an Eu
ropean resident stands armed and ready
to defend the foreign colony from at
tack or outrage should, as is expected,
victory be attended by mob violence
or savage excesses.
Today, as in the previous fighting,
the federals took the offensive at all
times, saving only when Diaz tried to
advance a portion of his command
through the streets one-third of the
way between the arsenal and the pal
ace. The rebels were driven back,
many falins , on both sides'. But it was
tactless, spiritless, leaderless fighting.
There was none of the energy, intelli
gence or persistence which would be
displayed by American soldiers under
SAME IX ARTILLERY DUELS
The same ruled in the artillery duels.
Whenever the federal guns opened fire
Diaz' artillery responded shot for shot.
The moment the Maderist guns ceased
their detonations the' Felicista batteries
grew suddenly silent. The consequence
is neither side got anywhere as a re
sult of the waste of life and property.
During one of the lulls in the early
afternoon I worked my way entirely
around Ciudadela inside the rebel lines.
Generally speaking, the federals have
advanced their artillery outposts an
average of two squares nearer the ar
senal than they were on Tuesday.
Most of this distance was gained yes
terday, when the federals evinced more
energy than at any other time, posting
machine guns and heavy forces of
riflemen on the tops of buildings com
manding the approaches to Ciudadela
to cover the advance of artillery.
Most of the residences and structures
near the arsenal were abandoned at
an early stage in the fighting. Few
have escaped damage from federal
shells. Most of these shells landed
outside the two big buildings which
compose Diaz , fortress, or in the park
between them. Many thousands of
dollars will be required to cover the
property losses here alone.
HOMES ARE WRECKED
lightly constructed adobe huts and
stucco villas, were reduced to ineon
(flomerate piles of rubbish smoulder-
Ing Jn the sunlight. The modern por
tion of Belem prison, toward which the
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1913.
K. M. VAN SANT. manager of the
Mercantile bank. Decalle Calibsco,
W. M. de GRASS, automobile
dealer, who lives with his wife and
child in the Calle Tobasco, Colona
P. J. NOLAN, wife and daughter,
in the Calle Puebla, Colona Roma.
Nolan is agent for dynamite and
powder and does an extensive busi
ness with mining interests.
MR. nnd MRS. C. H. SMITH, in
the Calle Tobasco. Smith is the
representative of the Westinghouse
Electric company for Mexico.
MR. and MRS. EUGENE BAILEY,
in the Calle Nuevo Mexico.
MRS. ANNA FABBI, in the Calle
MRS. P. BL de GRASS, in the
MR. and MRS. W. F. SINCLAIR
and their two children, in the Colo
MR. and MRS. J. C. MORDAUGH,
with their daughter, Mrs. C. B.
Cleveland, and her husband and
two children, in the Colona Juarez.
Mordaugh has extensive mining in
CRUISERS TO BE KEPT
IN MEXICAN WATERS
Uncle Sam Will Not Relax Vigilance Until
Convinced That Danger Is Over
Secretary Winthrop said it hardly
would be expedient to attempt their
EARLY IN CONSULTATION
It probably will be determined to
leave at least one warship off the Pa
cific and Atlantic coasts, while the
others may return to their routine
duties, or, perhaps, be pressed into
Central American service, where con
ditions, which it is feared forecast a
general uprising, have been almost
lost sight of on account of the con
cern of officials over Mexico.
Secretary Knox was early in consult
ation with Assistant Secretary Hunt
ington Wilson and the state depart
ment staff tonight Immediately after
I the announcement from Mexico City
I and hurried dispatches were sent to
Ambassador Henry Lane Wilson in the
Mexican capital. It was said no defi
nite instructions would be sent to Mr.
Wilson until he had reported officially
the abdication of President Madero.
In the absence of such a report de- j
partment officials declined to comment
upon the sudden and dramatic turn in
NO ALTERATION OF PLANS
j ■ President Taft, when the news
j reached Washington, was at dinner at
the home of Secretary MacVeagh. Hβ
was notified of the development at
once by the White House attaches and
soon afterward heard from the secre
tary of state. Though the president's
comment was not made public, it was
stated that there might be a confer
ence of cabinet officials later In the
night. It was not regarded as prob- j
able, however, that any of the plans
promulgated by the government early
in the week for protecting American
interests in Mexico would be altered
at this time.
Madero's resignation, it is felt gen
erally by officials here, Justifies the
I correctness of this government's atti
tude in adopting and following per
sistently a hands-off policy in the solu-j
I tion of the Mexican situation, and it j
j also is the prevailing opinion that it
will be expedient to continue a patrol
in Mexican waters until conditions
have settled considerably.
CHOOSE RIGHT MAN
Francisco de la Barra. who was
Mexican ambassador here in the clos
ing days of the old Diaz regime, was
I known to have been opposed to inter
vention by the United States in Mex
ican affairs. He expressed the opinion
while here that Mexico, if ever given a
fair opportunity to solve its problems
without outside powers taking part,
would at all times choose the right
man for president.
As provisional president, pending the
j election which placed Madero in charge
of the reins of the government. De la
Barra refused to be a candidate, but
offered to be of any other assistance
he could in helping his country to re
gain peace. The situation, it was said;
seems to be working out in accordance
with the plans which De la Barra had
in mind for the permanent pacifica
tion of Mexico.
ADVICES POliS IN
Throughout the night Ambassador
Wilson's dispatches on the progress of
' the conflict in the streets of the Mex
ican capital continued to pour Into the
state department. These messages all
had been filed before the abdication of
Madero and confirmed details of the
closing engagements between Madero
and Diaz forces.
These belated messages drew only
casual interest from officials, who
waited until late into the night, for
word from the ambassador of the fall
of the Madero regime.
Fuel for Reserve Fleet
SEATTLE. Feb. 14.—The six vessels
of the Pacific reserve fleet, which be
gan taking on full bunker supplies of
coal yesterday, were ordered today \o
j take on sufficient provisions and sup
! plies to last six months. Officers of
the fleet assert that the coaling and
provisioning of the warships at this
time hasTio special significance.
Cavalry Division Formed
SAN ANTONIO, Tex.. Feb. 14.—Brig
adier General E. Z. Steever, commander
of the department of Texas, tentatively
j rected on Wednesday, was almost
I completely ruined.
However, I could see few indications
that the loss of life about Ciudadela
has been heavy. Here and there was
an occasional pool of blood or a car
i mine mark which showed where some
wounded rebel soldier had dropped. But
no corpses or maimed suflerers were to
White and red cross doctors who
have been allowed to enter Ciudadela
daily say they have treated not more
than 50 wounded men. The dead, they
say, have been very few. The rebel
soldiers seemed in good spirits, laugh
ing and waving their caps toward me
in greeting and cheering "Viva Diaz."
\ow Gold Camp In XcraHa
!At Rochester, nine miles south of
: Qreana Station, on Southern Pacific
line. Many people going in by stage.
. Daily developments indicate rich pios
terests and is one of the wealthiest
Americana in Mexico.
W. H. FISH, Identified with rail
road intereste, in the Colonia
HARRO HARRSEN, manager of
the street railways and electric
lighting plants, has a home in St.
George/place, where several houses
have b«eri shattered by shells.
MR. Mid MRS. JOHN CUYAS, in
MR- and MRS. GEORGE T. RY
DER, president of the Eagle Oil
company, in the Colonia Juarea.
REV. sind MBS. \V. E. MEDEEN,
in the CjaUe Baldoras. Medfeen Is a
Baptist clergyman and has lived in
Mexico for 35 years.
MR. G, W. RIDER of the Stillwell
Investment company, in the neigh
borhood of the American embassy.
MR. and MRS. E. I« BECK and
two children, in the Callao Calloo
caj-an. Beck is president of the
Mexico City bank.
MR. and MRS. C. C. SHANKS, in
the Calle Bucareli. Shanks is Iden
tified : with railroad Intereste in
Continued From Pace 1
organized the new or southern cavaxry
division of the United States army at
Fort Sam Houston today and will re
main in command until the arrival of
Brigadier General Tasker H. Bliss,
who will command the new division.
When General Bliss will arrive from
Washington is not known here. Gen
eral Steever has not been advised of
ficially of the plan of the war depart
ment In detail and for the time being
the present staff of the department of
Texas will compose the staff of the
With the arrival of General Bliss
General Steever will return to El Paso
as commander of a brigade.
Marines Ordered South
(Special Dispatch to The Call)
MARE ISLAND, Feb. 14.—Orders
were received at Mare island today
from the navy department to send 100
marines to Acapulco on the first
steamer leaving San Francisco for that
port. The men are to be transferred to
the Colorado and South Dakota on their
arrival at Acapulco.
Barrett Incident Warning
WASHINGTON, Feb. 14.—The state
department issued the following state
ment at midnight:
"Ambassador Wilson telegraphed to
inquire whether anything can be done
to restrain Mr. John Barrett's mischiev
ous activity. Hβ states that Mr. Bar
rett's utterances are being published in
the City of Mexico and are producing
a bad effect on the situation, which
calls for anything rather than senti
mentality and amateur politics. The
ambassador adds that the American
colony at the City of Mexico resents
Mr. Barrett's utterances and protests
Mr. Barrett, when the state depart
ment statement % was called to his at
tention, made the following reply:
"This announcement from Mexico
astonishes me and I believe it must
be founded on a misconception of my
suggestion for an international com
mission and what inspired it. My only
purpose was informally and unofficially
to'propose an alternative for actual in
tervention, which would end the hos
tilities in Mexico, protect the lives of
foreigners and adjust the whole ques
tion in a peaceful way satisfactory to
the United States, Mexico and
"My suggestion, moreover, was made
upon the request of many prominent
men who felt as I did, and only was to
be acted upon in the event that inter
vention seemed inevitable."
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STORM CLOUDS ARE CLEARING
IS REPORT FROM WAR ZONE
President Taft and Cabinet Officers Ke~p in Constant Communication
With Ambassador Wilson on Developments in Mexico City
Ico brought relief to official circles In
Washington, in which the situation In
the last five days hourly had been
Showing more tense.
The announcement coming at thft
close of a day In which the situation
steadily had been turning against
President Madero, hardly was surpris
ing-, it served instantly to clear the
horizon of the storm clouds which
came nearer as the prospect of armed
Sunday, have waited eagerly night and
day for official and unofficial advices
from the scene of the conflict, and the
government was fully prepared to meet
any situation which might arlee.
NEWS CAUSES COM Kll\
News from Mexico City that Pedro
Lascurain, the Mexican foreign min
ister, twice today had requested
United States Ambassador Wilson to
move the American embassy to another
location caused the state department
considerable concern, and efforts to ob
tain official confirmation of this in
formation were begun at once.
The unofficial report that the fed
eral authorities had made such a re
quest as a result of a military plan to
draw the rebel flre in the path of the
embassy was calculated to raise a
grave issue, and the further report
that, despite Ambassador Wilson's re
fusal to accede to the request, tine fed
erals had begun to place cannon in
position to endanger the embassy,
aroused unusual activity in the de
Messages were sent to Ambassador
Wilson for a report on this develop
ment as soon as possible, and officials
of the department remained on duty
tonight to communicate to Secretary
Knox all information obtainable. It
is believed probable, if the fierce ar
tillery firing continues, that the am
bassador might be forced to yield to this
demand. Tttis necessarily would in
volve additional hardships upon Amer
ican refugees, who would have to b«
removed hastily to other quarters.
MEETS WITH APPROVAL
Ambassador Wilson's refusal early
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Avoid imitations n
|B the day to yield to General Diaz , re
quest for recognition as a belligerent
met with the full approval of the state
department. It was pointed out, how
ever, that should General Diaz' forces
obtain complete possession of the city
through decisive defeat of the federals
the ambassador would be authorized
to transact business with him as a de
facto official, although that would not
constitute a political recognition of the
The ambasador in graphic reports
to the departments emphasized today
the terrors of the eituation in Mexico
The number- of dead and wounded
he reported as numerous. Shots again
have been striking near the embassy
and one American, named Branden
burg, , was wounded today. Late in the
day the Belgian and Cuban ministers
were driven from their residences by
the fierce artillery fire, and the French
and German legations were frequently
struck by bursting shells and bullets.
CONDITION IS PRECARIOUS
Constantly there is danger that some
Incident will occur that will force a
change of attitude on the part of our
government, though entirely against
the will of President Taft. The am
bassador's latest advice represented
the condition of Americans, as well as
other foreigners in the Mexican capi
j tal. as extremely precarious and de
The American embassy he describe?
as overcrowded with refugees. In ad
dition food supplies are running very
low and it is necessary for the am
bassador's servants to make sallies
through the lines of fire, into the sub
urbs of the city to gather up food for
the hungry. It is understood that
similar conditions prevail in the other
legations, though several of these have
been obliged to find new homes.
Many Americans, the ambassador re
ports, are displaying great courage and
a spirit of self-sacrifice, but the panic
Is still great, and an enormous amount
of. property. Including several large
American apartment houses, whose in
mates were rescued with great diffi
culty, have been destroyed.
NOT GAINING IN STRKNGTH
Mr. Wilson's report at some points la
unfavorable to the prospects of a fed
eral success, for he cites the case of a
volunteer regiment, which, together
with the Twentieth regular regiment.
I had been annihilated by the revolu
tionists. Military experts also have
told the ambassador that although the
federals were constantly bringing up
I more troops they were apparently not
I gaining in strength, owing to the con
stant loss In wounded and disabled.
The American embassy constantly Is
rushing automobiles through the firing
I lines, almost between salvos, to pick
up such Americans as remain in the
danger zone. The effort to remove
them all has not been fully successful
[owing to the range of fire and the
limited localities of refuge.
Train service between Mexico City
and the rest of tho country is reported
practically cut off, with the exception
Continued on Page 3. Column r>
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