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title: 'The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, December 02, 1913, Image 4',
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THE ,0 CALL
F. W. KELLOGG, President and Publisher
JOHN D, SPRECKELS, Vice President and Treasurer
Secretary of the Navy Makes a
Wants the United States to Furnish Its Own Fuel to Its
When a farmer ©wns a wood lot he does not go to his neighbor
to buy fuel for his winter fire.
Since Uncle Sam owns, or has a presumably valid claim, in oil
lands why should he go to his neighbor to buy fuel for his navy?
Secretary of the Navy Daniels, in his first annual report to the
president, sees the logic of that situation and recommends that the
government proceed immediately to acquire and operate its oil
lands in the Elk hills and Buena Vista, California, fields. Presi
dent Taft withdrew those lands from entry and there is now a suit
on between the government and the Southern Pacific company
over possession of a large portion of the land.
Oil has become the fuel of California, and it is the ideal fuel
for the United States navy; As has been stated before in these
columns, why should the navy use smokeless powder when it
doesn't burn smokeless fuel?
Fiirthefmpre, why should the navy buy its fuel, coal or oil
from private agencies, which really don't need the money so much
as the average tax payer does, when it has awaiting development
hundreds of thousands of acres of fuel bearing land?
Now the navy burns 30,000,000 gallons of oil a year, and it is
but a question of a short time when it will burn 30,000,000 barrels.
The British admiralty controls oil fields to supply its squadrons
with fuel. Why should the United States not do the same?
Secretary Daniels says:
""The United States navy has the enormous advantage enjoyed
by no ©ther : nation, in that great oil fields exist in our own country
close to the Atlantic ocean, Gulf of Mexico and Pacific ocean, so
that the supply of oil is assured. It is natural, for this reason, that
the United States should take the lead in adopting the exclusive
use of oil feel and thereby reap the benefits of its many advantages
'in ship construction and in reliability of operation, a lead no otherl
great naval power can follow with security. * * *
"It is advisable from every point of view that the navy should \
become producer and refiner of oil for its own use. By the time
the Panama canal..is opened and the fleet begins frequenting the
Pacific the navy should be producing its own oil from the navy
petroleum reserves in the Elk hills and Buena Vista fields of Cali
fornia, and its refinery should he in operation. Prompt steps should
also be taken to lease oil lands in the midcontinent fields and to
erect a refinery for the supply of oil burning vessels on the Atlantic
Can any one presume, to question the secretary's reasoning?
Aviation Calmly Accepted By
To Them It Is as Matter of Fact as Motoring
On a recent Sunday afternoon, when the aviators were flying
over the exposition grounds,; an observer walked along the crest
of the hill above the grounds in Broadway. At each corner of the
street, from where a view could be obtained over the flying field,
were clustered hundreds of spectators, intently watching the pro
ficient youths who. were performing feats which ten ago were
held to be impossible. :
The awe of the spectators at the daring defiers of gravitation
held them to the cold street. For them flying was still a marvel.
Through the greater part of their lives they had jeered at the pre
tensions and dreams of men like Professor Langley. They had
classed the. first vague reports of the Wright brothers' achieve
ments .as; vaporizings. They had ridiculed the "flying machine."
These adults had not yet overcome their first amazement; they
still considered the aeroplane as the great wonder of the day.
Between the corners the streets were well nigh deserted, save
for children. Children are notoriously avaricious for free shows,
and by walking to a corner they could have had a view of a remark
able free show, a show which held their elders in astonishment.
But the children preferred to play marbles or tops. They were
small children, all under 10 years of age.
Why were they oblivious to the wonders of the flying men?
Because to them flying was no especial wonder. When they
reached the age of memory and discussion aviation was an assured
fact, a bit more dangerous than motoring, but not more inexplica
ble. These children had had no background of jeering years which
had inculcated in their minds the thought that aviation was an
impossibility. They bad come into a world where men walked or
rode in streetcars or rode in automobiles or rode in aeroplanes, and
that was all there was to it
When those children are adults what new discovery of science
oi: % mechanics will hold their amazement; what new discovery of
science or mechanics will be accepted by their children as a com
Buy Your Christmas Presents
Pay for Them Later, If You Must
There is no excuse for shopping late. There is no excuse
whatever, for inflicting unnecessary suffering upon overworked
clerks and unnecessary annoyance and difficulty upon harassed
business men. • • ,
Many of those who shop at the last moment and buy their
presents wh&n the stores are crowded and opportunity limited say
they must buy late because they haven't the money to buy early.
Some use special presents of money or special Christmas al
lowances for their Christmas shopping.
Otherrs save up for the big day of giving and have their accum
ulation ready only at the last moment.
But there is no need in waiting in any case.
Whoever will may choose his presents NOW, make a reason
able payment as a guarantee of good faith and have the presents
paid for in full and delivered at the last moment, if it must be a
ast moment payment. You can buy now more cheaply than you
will be able to buy just before Christmas. You can buy more con
veniently; you can make your choice from a larger stock, more
deliberately and more successfully.
Every individual who reads this editorial complains at least
once a day of lack of consideration in others.
Let consideration for others begin at home. Consider the busi
ness men, the drivers of delivery wagons, the messenger boys, the
thousands of clerks.
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL
"I PRESCRIBE A CHANGE OF CLIMATE, QUICK"
This Is the Girl That Gets the Christmas Presents
Shop early. Don't let your carelessness or laziness help to pi le work on the girls in the store at Christmas time. If ytfu're
selfish, shop early for your own convenience. If you're unselfish, shop early for the sake of the employes.
Little Prince Henry of England must be quite a human chap after all.
He can fail in his studies at school.
* * *
Chicago has convicted the sun god of some crime or other. Chicago
never did have any use for the sun in winter.
* * *
American women have been blamed for the naughtiness of Paris.
Those Parisienncs are fine imitators, though.
* * *
Saloons of Cincinnati claim to have lost $100,000 by being closed over
Sunday. How many shoes for the babies of patrons does that represent?
* ♦ ■*
Diamonds valued at $57,000,000 have been imported into this country
this year. About 50 cents worth per capita. Have you your four bit
**. . *
A policeman extinguished an incipient fire he found on his beat.
Lucky he didn't harbor any fancy notions about division of labor and wait
till he could call the fire department.
"Look here, Mr. Editor." exclaimed
an Irate caller, ' you referred to me
yesterday as a reformed drunkard.
You must apologize, or I'll sue your
paper for libel."
"Very well, sir," replied the editor.
"I'll retract the statement cheerfully.
I'll say you haven't reformed."
* * *
A little girl who had a live bantam
presented to her was disappointed at
the smallness of the first egg laid by
the bird. Her ideal egg was that of
the ostrich, a specim&n of which was
on a table in the drawing room. One
day the ostrich egg was missing from
HERE ARE TWO CIRLS
Footnotes of Humor
its accustomed place. It was subse
quently found near the spot where
the bantam nested, and on it was
stuck a piece of paper with the words:
"Something like this, please. Keep
♦ # *
An open air orator once received
"I tell you, gentlemen," he ex
claimed—"and the experience of a
lifetime confirms my statement—that
if you want a thing well done you
must do it yourself."
•How about getting your hair cut?"
asked a man in the crowd.
This Is the Girl That Sells the Christmas Presents
Electricity has been adapted to 42 purposes about a household, but it
can't make the morning cold bath more inviting.
* * * • > ,
Cole Bkase, governor of South Carolina, must be a self-sacrificing
friend of President Wilson. Why? He attacks Wilson.
. * # * » .
Mr. and Mrs. Kostruck of Wisconsin have acquired their twenty-ninth
child. Seems like they've struck cost prcttv hard. •
* * * *"
There has been stolen from the duke of Connaught his insignia of the
Order of the Garter. Good gracious, will his hose fall now?
* * * »
A living okapi, the only one in captivity, is soon to be taken to
Europe. Not knowing what it is, we don't care if it's Drought over here
* * *,
Jack London has been drawn as a grand juror on the Sonoma county
panel. If he's accepted look out for publisher's announcement, "Auto
biography of a Grand Juror."
Senator Lodge at a banquet in New
York, once found himself beside a well
known newspaper paragrapher.
Senator Lodge complimented the
paragrapher on his work.
"But how on earth." he cried, "do
you write twenty jokes a day?"
"With a typewriter." the other an
swered, and he smiled.
BuU Senator Lodge's retort was
"Oh, Is? that so?" said he. "I
thought you usid some copying pro
* * *
An old cavalry horse was in the
shafts, and the officer was in a hurry.
Taking the reins from the driver, he
shouted "Charge!" and away the ani
mal galloped, stopping dead when he
readied the barracks at the word
Tlie next morning an Englishman
wanted to catch the boat from the
quay, and the driver said, "Shure
your honor, there ain't a horse In ould
Ireland who can go so fast."
He cracked the whip and shouted
••I'harge!" and away the horse went.
Nearing the pay Pat yelled:
"Jump, for Heaven's sake. I've for
gotten the* password!" *
DECEMBER 2, 1913
Making Letters Worth
A Word on What You Put In Your
DR. CHARLES H. PARKHURST
A LETTER has just been re
ceived which has not yet
been read. But it is worth
reading. That is evident from
the fact that the writer says at
the end: "I sign my name be
cause of its being improper to
We Can Take Anything
From One Who Tells
Who He Is
That phrase tells a whole
chapter about the character of
the writer. Perhaps the let
ter is written for the purpose of
commending, perhaps for the
purpose of criticising or even
abusing the person to Whom it
it addressed. But no one signs
his name to what he writes
without there being something
that is worth while in the man
who writes it. We can afford
to take anything from one who
is prepared to state who he is
and where he lives.
Anonymous letters as a rule
are either cowardly or malicious,
and sent by people who either
desire to give information with
out realizing that information
takes its principal value from the
known reliability of the person
who gives it; or sent by people
who strike in the dark out of
fear that their stroke may event
ually recoil upon themselves.
Such ones are beneath con
tempt, and what is worse, they
are beyond the reach of con
tempt, for there is no knowing in
such case to whom the contempt
But honest correspondence is
How Energy Animates the
CDINCIDENT with his dis
covery, published yesterday
on this page, that all matter
consists of three kinds of chem
ical composition, distinguished
by the freedom with which elec
trons, the most infinitesimal divi
sions of substance, move within
or without the molecules, Prof.
Gilbert N. Lewis, the brilliant
chemist of the University of Cal
ifornia, has formulated for the
first time in science the two
fundamental laws under which
energy or force animates and
operates the universe.
His discoveries have been con
sequent upon an investigation
into "The Free Energy of Chem
ical Substances." This research,
considered one of the most im
portant attempts to solve a great
problem ever undertaken by an
American scientist, was assigned
to him by the association of
American chemists. With funds
provided. Professor. Lewis has
conducted his investigations at
the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology and at the Univer
sity of California, the papers to
be printed in the east. One paper
prepared by him sets forth the
twin laws of energy. These are:
"First—Any system in a given
condition contains a definite
quantity of energy, and when
this system undergoes change
any gain or loss in its content of
energy is equal to the loss OT
gain of the energy contained in
the surrounding systems, ttl any
physical or chemical process the
increase of' energy of a given
system is therefore equal to the
heat absorbed from the sur
roundings, less the work done by
the system upon the surround
"Second —Every process that
occurs spontaneously is capable
of doing work; to reverse any
such process requires the ex
penditure of work from the out
side. • „
Where Heat Can and Can
"From this follows the general
principle that heat can not be
made to pass from one system to
another of higher temperature,
without the exper.d.ture of work,
since heat passes spontaneously
from a hot body to a cold.
"Hence follows the still more
special statement that a system
passing through a complete
cycle of changes can not pro
duce work at the expense of the
heat of the surroundings, for
such work could by friction be
to be encouraged. Even wh<n it
takes place between people mu
tually unacquainted, it is full of
advantage to both parties.
If a man has ideals, it benefits
him tc think them out with suf
ficient clearness to be able to put
them into black and white and
send them to somebody.
If there is anything of vahte
in them—and there probably will
be—then they will add something
to the one who receives tffem as
well as to the one who sends.
Our thoughts are, m one
sense, our own peculiar prop
erty, but in another sense they
belong to the world like every
thing else that we call our own.
We ought to consider our
selves and all that we have as a
part of the public assets.
Even our ideas and feelings
fulfill their complete mission
only by being allowed to flow
out and become tributary to the
big flowing current of public
opinion and sentiment.
Men and women who keep
their inner life bottled up and
sealed over might as well be in
some other world as here.
No Letter Is an Intrusion If
Writer Has Something
Strangers often commence
their letters by saying something
like this: "I take the liberty of
intruding upon your attention."
It is no intrusion, if they have
anything to say; if they have not
let them think up something.
It costs only two cents to send
it and may be worth a dozen dol
lars to the one who gets it.
converted again into heat in a
system of higher temperature,
contrary to the principle just • °
These two laws. Professor
Lewis asserts, underly the solu- °
tion of the manifold problems
presented in chemistry and 1 ' -
physics by free energy. His task
is now to provide*not only the. '. •..
general laws, but the specific ap- .
plication to all chemical com-'.'- ;
pounds commonly treated of in..- ",
science. He is working on the
preparation of tables giving in '. '
statistical form these data. '
"The problem of chemical af-.'\'-"
finity," as Professor Lewis ex-" ' \
plains, "is the oldest of chemical"'*
problems. But only after the- \
development of the science of ••. .'"'
thermodynamics could an exact .
definition or measure of affinity- /
be given. The function com- * .•
monly employed for such meas-.\.
ure is the free energy, a quantity
, closely related to the maximum
work which is obtainable from a
: physico-chemical change.
Tabulation of Free Energy
the Chemist's Duty
: "Hence a complete free en
ergy table for all common sub- • .
stances will not only serve as a*
table oi chemical arnnities> but •' •
it will enable the chemist to pre-, ".'
diet the amount of work that can
be done under condiions of
■ "highest efficiency by each chem
, ical reaction. ?nd will *ht>w as , r
I well the direction in the
' reaction will proceed and the ex
tent of the yield.
"This determination and tabu- •
lation of free energy has there- ;
fore become an imperative duty "•.
Professor LeVis is conducting •,
a series, of large experiments in, *
physical chemistry at the univer
sity, being assisted by graduate
students in the college, of which
he is dean.
He was for several years dis
tinguished at the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology as the
4 foremost theoretical chemist in
the United Spates. That school *
took high rank during his serv
ice as the best school of chem
•istry in the country. When tlie
plans for reorganization of the
University of California were
formulated by President Benja
min Ide Wheeler and the re
gents Processor Lewis was se
cured as the best qualified man"
to head the college of chemistry
and to make it even better than
the famous Massachusetts insti-