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The tri-weekly herald. (Newberry, S.C.) 1865-1865, March 30, 1865, Image 1

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THETWELYE
Tea Dollars for 3 Months.] Devoted to the Dissemilation of General Infermation. - In ame,
VOLUME I. -NEWBERRY, S. C., MARCH 30, 1865.
THE TRI-WEEKLY HERAL
Is PUBLIShED AT
NEWBERRY C. H.,
Every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday,
By Thos. F. & R. E- Greneker,
Terms-$l for three months, in advance. Ad
vertiseaents inserted at the, rate - of $ t. for first
insertion of twelve lines or less, and V. for sub
sequent insertion.
Single insertion of one square S5.
At the request of many of our readers we
publish the following interesting correspon
dence. Though late and many having already
sein, yet we believe t will be. received with
pleasure.
Correspondence between Generals Sher
man and Hampton.
HDQ'Rs MILITARY Div. oF MisSissippi,
IN TME FIELD, February 24, 1865. (
Liest-Gen. Wade Hampton, .
Command'g Cavalry Forc&e, C. S. A.:
GENERAL: It is officially reported to me
that our foraging parties- are murdered after
capture, nd labOled, "Death to all Foragers."
One instance of a lieutenant and seven men
near Chesterville, and anotber of4 twenty,
"near a ravine, eighty rods from the main
road," about -three miles from Feasterville. I
have ordered a similar number of prisoners ii
'ur hands to be disposed of in like manner.
I hold about one thousand prisoners cap
tured in various ways, ind can stand it as long
-as you; but I hardly think these murders are
committed with your knowlqdge,- and would
suggest that you give notice to the people at
large that eery life taken by them simply re
sults in the death of one of your cQnfederates.
Of course-you-cannot question my right to
forage on the-country. It is a- war ight as
bld as history. The 1Manner of exeXising .t
varies with circumstanges, and if the civil au
thorities will supply my requisitions I will
forbid all foraging.-But I find no civil au
thorities who can respond to the calls for fm
age or provisions, and tflerefore must- collect
directly of the people. f have no doubt this
is the occasion of much misbehaviour on the
part of our men, but Icapnot permit an ene
my to judge or puqish with. wholesale /mur
der.
Personally, I regret the bitter feelings en
gendered by this war.; but tbey- were to be
expected, and I simply allege that those who
struck the first blow, and made war inevit
able, ought not in fairness, to reproacb us for
-the natural consequences. - I merely assert
our war right to forage, and my resove to
protect my foragers t1 the extent of life for
life.
I am, with respect,
Your obedient servant,
[Signedl - W. T. SHERMAN,
Major-General United States Arw.
HoEADQUARTERS J. THE FiELD,
February 27, 1865.
fajor-General W. T. Sherman,.
Urd.tad States Army :
GENERAL -Your communication of the 24thl
instant reached me to-day. In it you state
* that it has been officially reported that your
foraging parties were "murdered" after cap
ture; and.you go on to say that you had "or
dered a similar number of prisoners mn your
hands to be disposed of in like manner." That
is to say, you have 'ordered a n6mber of Con
federate soldiers to be "murdered."
You characterize your order in proper
terms; for the public voice, even in your onn
country, where it seldomn. da.rer' to expre.s it
self in vindicationl of truth, honor Or iusu1ce,
will surely agree with you in pronouncing you
guilty of murder if your order is carried out.
* Before dismissing~this portion of your let
ter, I beg to assure you for every soldier of
mine "murdered" by you I shall have executed
at once two of yours, giving, in all cases ,pre*
ference to any o&icers, who ua.y be ini myL
hands.
In reference to the statement you make re~
garding the death of your foragers,/ I have
only to say that I kpow nothing of it; that
no orders given by rme authorize the ki!limg
of prisoners .after capture, and that I d'l rat
believe that my men killed any of yours ex
cept under circumnstatices in wihich it was per
fectly legitimate anid proper they shioud kill
them..
It is a part of the system of the thieves
e . whom you designate ais your foregerg to dre
the dwelling of those citizens whom they have
robbed.
To check this inhuma~n system, which .is
justly exeerated by every civilized nation; I,
have directed my men to shoot down a:: of
your men .who. are caught bur-ning houses.
you disgrace th profession. of arms by allow
ing your men to destroy private dwellingn.,
You say that I cannot, of course question
your right to fbrage on the country. "It is a
right as old as history." I do not, sir, ques
tion this right. ' But there is a right older
even than this, and oie inalienable-the rig9t
that every man has to defend his home and to
protect those who are dependent upon him.
And from my. heart I wish that every old man
and boy in mf country who can fire a gun
would shoot down, as he would a wild beast,
the men who are desolating their land, burn
ing their houses, an.1 insulting their women.
You are particular in defining and claiming
"war rights.'! May I ask if you enumerate
among them the right to fire upon a defence
less city without notice; to burn that city to
the ground after it had been surrendered by
the authorities, who claimed, though in vain,
that protection which is always accorded in
civilized warfa're to non-combatants; to fire
the dwelling-houses of citizens after robbing
them, and to perpetrate even darker crimes
than these-crimes too black to be-mentioned.
You have permitted, if you have not order
ed, the commission of these offences against
humanity and the rules of war. You fired
into the chy of Columbia withont a word of
warnine. After its surrender by the Mayor,
who denanded protection to private property,
you laid the whole city in ashes, leaving amid
its ruins thousands of old men and helpless
wt;ncn and children, who are likely to perisl
of starvation and exposure. Your line
march can be traced by the lurid light of burn
ing houses, and in more than one household
there is an agony more bitter than that of
death.'
The Indian scalped his victim regardless of
-sex br age, but with-all his barbarity he always
respected the persons of his. female captives.
Your soldiers, more savage than the IndiaN
insult those whose natural protectors are ab
sent.
In conclusion, I have only to request that
whenever you have any .of my men ."disposed
of" or "murdered"--for the terms appear to
be 'synonymous with you~-you will let me
bear of it, in order that I may know what -ac
tion to'take in the matter. i a-theantime
I shall hold fifty-six of your men as hostages
for those whom you have ordered to be exe
cuted
ce - I am yours, etc.,
(Signed) * WADE HAMPTON,
Lieutenant-Geqgral
The following resolution was agreed to by
the Senate on the 9th instant, in referenca to
the above correspondence :
Resokled by the Congress of the Confeder
ate States of America, That the thanks of
.Congress and'the whole 8ountry are due, and
are hereby tendered, to,.Lieutenant-General
Wade Hampton for his manly letter of - the
27th February, 1865, addressed to General W.
T. Sherman ; and that, in the opinion of Con
gress, the Executive Department should sus.
tain General Hampton in carrying out the
pdlicy indicated in his letter.
Movements of Thomas.
AUGUSTA, March -17.
The latest advices . from New Orleans of
March 4th state that thei-e were forty thou
sand Yankee troops in that city, mostly from
Tommaus' command. Who greclaimed openly
their intention to cap ture Selina, by the way
of Pensacola.
One corps of Thomas' commarnd was left
with Thomas in North Alabama, which he in'
creased to twenty thousand on the first in
stant when he was at H-unteille, and his ad
vance guard of mounted infantry thirty miles
south of ;unter4wille.
The raid on Milton, Florida, on the 4th was
a small atTair. A wo rking party of aboutthree
hundred Yankees, with an armed squad wete
engaged in the expedition. Their appearance
was unexpected, and our forces were complete
ly surprised, losing thirty men capturd Not
a gun was fired, and the enemy after securing
the object of their trip returned to their for
mer pokgitionl.
BAnY ns -ras SiiBEAM.-A baby not old
enoigh tospeak or walk was creeping on the
floor. Bv-and-by a bright ray of sunlight fell
upon the carpet. She looked at it, and crept
all around it; with the greatest curiosity in her
sweet face ; and then putting down her lips,
he kissed it. Now, was not that ~beautiful?
Tis little sunh~eam lighted up joy in her baby
heart, and she expressed that joy with. a sweet
As Bre vs rrA ,1s Loso.---A German statistical
writer remarks that the invention of the sewing
tacine has enabled one woman, to sew as much
s a hunred could sew by hand a century agoj
but, he continues, one woma-1 now demands as
much c'lorhing as a hundred did a century ago
.'ta onr are ot so murd' -.banged afttr aUl
A Patriotie letter.
We present to the readers of the Bulletin
to-day a letter from a Mecklenburg soldier,
now in the army near Petersburg, We hope
it will attract the attention of such croakers
in the country as have been .predicting the
failure of our arms, and have been consoling
'themselves with the illision that the Yankees
have already subjugated the South. It is
wrong,-it is a sin to 4istrust the "God of
Battles" who in former instances of similar,
even of greater emergencies, has graciously
intervened for our deliverance and given to
our arms Lhe victory.
The letter shoold produce the blush of saame
to any amongst us, who by believing and
disseminating amongst our people it home
discouraging rumors of the invincibility of our
eneinies and the- inadequacy pf our resources
to meet and vanquish 'our foes. Never let it
be said again 1f old Mecklenburg that we are
whipped-our cause is a failure-or that the
South can be 4ubjugated-. Let the spirit of
1775 be again revived, and the enthusiasm of
1861 kept alive in spite of Lincoln and his
plunderers. -
The writer from the camp we know to be:
truthful and candid. We bespeak for his
communiation the close attention of our
readers.
L ANE'S RIGADE HOSPITAL,
Army of Northern Virginia,,
March 6th, 1865.
My DEAR MOTHER :I have an o; por& nity
of sending a letter to tharlotte, and will write
to..you. '
Ilave not head&frorm, you since Sherman
tuined his cottrse'frdft Charlotte. I was very
much relieved when we heard tbat, although
he may pay you a call at- some futare day;
but I hope-nt.., .
We are having a very' quiet time here at
present.. After many days rain it is clear
agam ; in a few days (if clear),the -roaC, will
be in condition' to move. The tirst few moves
will.determine omu fortune. I see no reason
for so mu'ch despondericy, neither at home
nor in the army'; -we have hot the odds 'to
contend with that we had last spring.. .When
that.campaign opened, Gen. Lee had only forty
two thousand muskets and Gen.- Grant -uet
him on-the first field with .one hundred aild
.twenty thousand; and in the 'three months
campaign Grant received erlough reinforce
ments to swell his army to two hundred and
seventy-five thousand; and at the end of three
months Grant could not muster one hundred
thousand effective men,. showing a total loss
of 175,000 of the Federal army ; and Lee's army
was then stronger than'it was on the 5th . of
May, when the campaign pened.
Had I time or room I' could relate facts
that would satisfy any one that the "God of
battles was ivith s.S." In one battle'the enemy
lost ten thousand, and our~total loss was only.
twelve men killed and thirty-five wounded.
another the enemy lost four hundred killed
on the field besides their wounded, while our
.loss was one man killed and twelve wounded.
With such results as these why do our people
despond? We have our last army in t.he
jeld ; so have the Federals their last. Jf we
destroy the present army they are done; they
acknowledge it.
It might not be prudent to say what our
strength is at this time even if I knew ; but
suffice it to say that we can compare much
better than we did one year ago. I think
and hope that the-' army in North, Carolina
will be united to this, and then we wll have
but one grand army ; and probably one grand
battle mtey close the bloody drama which has
lasted for nearly four years.
Tell the good people to cheer up, and while
we are favorcd by the "God of battles"'as we
were last year, no power on earth can conquer
us.
The moral and general spirit of th~is army is~
mch better than it' was a few days singe.
Desertions have almost entirely ceased.
' Ygur song -.
PoLrrriiss.-Our friends of,the Pacificator
have the following reminder in their last issue:.
~~oliteness is never out of place. It is accept
able and commendable every w:zre. But more
particularly should it be observed in the-house
of God. A stranger visiting a church should
always 'be kindly invited to a seat, and not be
pernitted to walk through the church huuting
for one, nor left standing at the door during the
service. And when the migister goes inr the
pulpit to preach, it is a great want of courtesy,
to say the least of it, to be jumping up and
runniig out. It is insulting to the Priest, anid
disturbing to the congregation.
We do not intend these suggestions for any
body or any church in particular ; but effer
'them in the kindliest spirit to all our readers,
believing that one and all will agree with us
in what we have said
. Religious education is, the cheapest deece
How Do FOLKS LIVE i-Tbat is the question
which now puzzles more than. Hamlet ever
dreamed of when he gave -utterance to,'his
celebrated souliloquy-"to be or not to be."
The hotels in our city charge ftf* dollars
per day for board, 'a price by no means higher
than that demanded at other hotels in the.
Confederacy, and if a poor Confederate soldier
wants a single meal the price is fifteen dollars
-just four dollars more than his month's pay.
Everything a man has to eat or drink costs a
fabulous price, and yet the services of ther
mechanic or laborer in no way cofrespoods
with the amount he receives for those services.
Most of them lead the life of a -dog from ode
week's end to another and-it seems almost a.
miracle that they can earn enong to live upon.
There are some,people in the community who
're making rapid fortunes who before the war
were for the most part insolvent. Like the
lilies of the Oeld "they toil not, neither do they
spin, 'et Solomon in all- his gWY was not
arrayed like one of these.?"
jAugusta Constitutionalist.
How TO SAVE BUTTERn.-In these times of
necessity, when butter is from fire to ten
dollars per pound, any method by which we
can economise in its use ought to meet .witr
consideration. The Petersburg Express nen
tions a plan which has already been adoed
in sonie portions of Nol-th Carolina. That
journal says:
It is the custom of nine out of ten people-to
bite their bread with the buttered side ol.
As the tongue is the organ ;of taste, and as
butter is spread upon' the bread *to impart .n
pleasant taste to it, the true way to ,eat ii
with the buttered silde next the tongue. In
this manner a thin layer of butter will seofv
the purpose oA and render the bread as fvla
table as though it were spread with a double
coating. This practice, vre understand, -has
been partialiy adopted among the economical
in North Carolina, and originated with Qua
kers out there. It is said to be an excellent
recipe, especially when cold bread is eaten,
and aves from one-half to LWo-thirds of the
butter usuallyconsumed.
KElP THE BiRTi8AY.-Keep thet birthdaya
rigoroqsly ; they bel,z1 excl4ively to,. and are
treasured amoag thc sweetest memiiories of home.
Do not let anytiLng prevent soie token, be it
ever so slight, that it be remembered. Bii-thdays
are great events to c.ldren. For one day they
are heroes. Tho special pudding or cake is made:
for them ; a new jacket or trowsers, with pock
ots, or the first pair of boots 'are donned; and
big brothers-and sisters sing into insiagnficance
beside "little Charlie," who is "sis to-day," and
is soon "going to be a man." Mothers who have
had a ,dozen little ones to care for ar apt to neg
le& birthdays; they come too often-rsometime*
when they are nervous-but if they only knew
how much such souvenirs are cherished by their
pet Susy or Harry, years afterwards, when away
from the hearihstone, and they have none to re- -
mind them that they have added one more year
to the perhaps weary round of life, or to yrish
them'. in old, fashioned, phrase, "many happy re
turns to their birthday," they -.- uld never per
mit any cause' to step between them and a mo
ther's privilege.
HoME INFLrENcEs.-Thero -are certaifn locali
ties in North Carolina, and doubtless in all the
States, where every evil influen-ce ja brought to
bear upon our noble soldiers, and to which are
evidently owing many of the desertions that
weaken our cause and disgrace the deserters and
their families. An officer now at home on- sc
count of a severe wound received in battle, was
speaking oft his a few days ago, and told us how
often the best and most cheerful soldiers return
ed gloomv and discontented to camp after a. fur
lough. 'He said thaL on remonstrating -with one -
of his men, an aequaintance from his own county,
he had succeeded In dispelling his' gloom, when
the man apologised for it, remarking that, M'The.
fat is that if Jeff. Davis were to go to the
settiment and stay three weeks, I'm d-d if he
too wouldn't liesert."-Faytteville Obwever.
A public teacher who hadjus,t received an ap
pointment in a quiet country village, says that
on the second morning "I found leisure -to 1 k
about me, and a,mong the scanty furnitu're, I es
pied a three legged stool. 'Is that the dunee's
stool? I said to a lile girl of five. The eyes
sparkled, and the curls nodded assent f'and the
lips rippled out-I suppose it is--the teacher al[
ways sits onl it.'
One of the Shetland mares imported by yohnl
'S. Rarey, of Ohio, lately gave birth to -a colt,.
whkh is considered as the smallest specimen of
the horse kind:' the world, being only twenty
inches in height, and only weighing twenty-one.
pouds. The mother of the colt weiglis only
seventy-five pounds.
"In what'company i's your life insured sir ?'
asked a sprightly young miss.
"In the Hope," was the -reply.
"I prefer the Alliance," saidshe bushing.
"Ten we'll make- a joint stock operation, t '
c~ z hoose," said the de'ighted oldbache'er. -

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