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The tri-weekly herald. (Newberry, S.C.) 1865-1865, April 22, 1865, Image 1

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THE TRI-WEERLY HERALD
.1 Dollars for 3 Mouths. - Devoted to the Disseniaation o General Informatin, [Single Copies 50 eats
OLUME I. NEWBERRY, S. C., SATURDAY, APRIL 2, 1865. NUMBER 5.
THE TRIWEEKLY HERALD
IS PUBIISHED %T
NEWBE4RY C. H.,
tvery Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday,
By Thos. F. & L H. Greneker
-Terms-Al5 for three month-, in advanet. A d
Ycrtisementsinserted at the rate of _.Wfor fr:t
insertion of twelve lines or less, and $4 for sub
sequent insertion.
CAPITULATION OF LEE'S ARMY.
Gen. Lee a Prisoner
of War.
-SAO. bETA LS!D
T e following nareative wA f'rnished by aa
eer of Gordon's'corps: Gen. Lee on th .5h
March, made a demonstration on Grant's left,
capturing Hare's hill, and neighboring works.
Proin that time till Sunday, April, 2d, skirmishing
was heavy and incessant,, Grant throwing the
main portion of his army to the south side and
concentrating in front of our right, near the south7
side ot Petersburg R. R. Sunday was ushered
ia by s foimbardiuent from martars and artillery.
Or forces on the south side were those of A. P.
Rill, R. H. Anderson and Gordo9 ; Gen. Long
Areet being in the defences .4round Richmond.
Before suurise the battle extendrd to the. right.
it supreue confidence in numbers the enemy
da%4d up to th4 teith of our cannon, only to be
rep6lsed, until by sheer force they broke through
o our frot and left. It wa, impo.'ihlc to dislodge
- thomi. tn the extreme right the piust 1rilliant
tigit of the day oucurred; at Burges's fort. Our
ammuunition giving out, the men clubbed4heir
tuskets and fought til overpowered. This was
the precursor of other disasters. The largest
. portion of Gen. Piikets divisipin was captut;d.
The head quarters o' Gen. Lee shared the same
fate. The enetv thut pight adyaticed within
two miles of Petersburg. Casurkie%.not known
on the occasion -lout ibe .los. of grisoners was.
Irge. Gen. A P. Hill was killed at the bead of
his coluini'. ien. Gordon not hurt as reported.
-The advan-ageS gained bv the enemy - uring
ih dav made it iecessary to evacuate both Pe
tersbug a'nd Rielrmond to save, if pos- iblc, the
army. Accurdingly, on Sunday night, Gen. Lee.
retired in the direct.on of Amelia (;b H1., in a
westerly direetion from. Petersburg, and on the
road to Lrnchburg.
MoNAY, April 3.-General Longstreet, who
bad suceAtfully.e-caped from Richmond with his
- column, joined the main &rznv before day. Sqme
desultory fighting took place, tue enemy closely
pursuing witb mounted aud regular infantry and
cavalry. The artillery took every occasion to
hrow shells at our wagon trains, and before
aight, we turned some of the wagons to prevent
their falling into Federal hands.
The spirit of the men, notwit5standing their
reverses, were evcellent. and in'all the encoun
ter wh the enemy they fought with their usu
al ecl at.
* TUEsDAY, APZIL 4.-The enemy harrassed our
rear not a .1.tle, and when near Farmville, captu
ted a considerable number of wngons--among
them one containing the wife of 'Brig. General
C lement A. Evans. Marched ne'arly all night.
* W EDNEsDA , APRI 5.--The F.ederals still pres
* sing, but with little fighting.
- TdaRSDAIr, April 6.-This was not ohly the
most tryiig day of the retreat, but the severest
'tax upon the' endurance of the men engaged,
* which they have experienced for u.anTy mon~ths.
Thejghting was almost incessait. The-eunm
seemued detemined to bring the arme to a stand,
* and in'these attempts capture~d many nngons.
SGordon's 'corps held .the rear. A battery of
- iartillery was also lost. Brig. Gt n. Le'wis, comn
- madingFPegram's old brigade, severely wounded.
Our cavalry skirmiishing constantly and holding
* be enemy ini check.
In the'evening Gordon's corps was relieved by
*iahone's division. . The Fedcrals attacked in
orte Maonereceived their charges comnplacent
,adwiethey were in progress, sent a couple
of his tried regimaents to the Yankee rear, who
captured a thousand men, Ipcluding a Ma0 or and
B 'i adier-General.*.
Fl(u>Ar, April 7.-itcavy rain, which prevent
ad operations on both sides. Roads heavy,
wagons and artillery stalled, and the twoprunes
manouvering for position.
S~aav.rApril 8.--General Longstree&s corps
*in the rear and Gordon's in the, front. The.enue
my had worked their way to the fla nks,. and our
* rear was but -little harrassed. At iight somie of
the Federal cav'hlry reached the front of our army
eniz4captured a lai-ge 'numiber of wagons an'd a
*pordon of artillery,at Appomatox Court House.
-Sunday, April 10th.--A bright,elear, beautiful,
day, but it opened gloomily. Our army had
reached A ppomnato~x Court Uouse, on the road tg
.1Lvnebburg. Thomzas, with his army, had arriv
edi hefore us and effected n junc:ion with. Granat;
cavalry, infantry -and artillery comptue~rly sur'
+-e~& cu. lizt commilani We had] from: e
to eight thousand Prisoners, and only e -iht thn
and effective men, with muikets all told. The
raIpply of ammunition was nearly exhadsted. In
tbis emergency Gen.L.e dete Ined to -cut his
way through. Orders were given for a grand
clirge and -our troops massed accordingly.
General Grim'es' divisibn led the cha&,e, fol.
lowed successively by two others. The. engage
ment eommCne(hortlV after sunrise, and was
coitdnuedI :ntil our men had broken through the
Federal ?ines, driven them'nearly a - mile and a
half and ciptured several pieces of artillary, and
soic hundreds of prismners. The old spirit of
fiht was unsubdiied. Meadwhilu a heary f6oe
Of e1vary threatned . our fianks, For some
Gen. LcN issued ordors to the troops to cease fir
ing and withdraw.
SubEequently an officer, said to be General
Custar, of the Yank4-e.avalry, entered our lInes
with a dag of truce. Wiether his appearance
was in response to a request from Gen. Lee, or
he was the be~arer of a formal demand for the
surrender initiated by General Grant, we.are not
informed.' At this time our army was in line of
battle on -or near the Appomattox ronid, the skir.
mis1rs thrown oiit, while two hundred and fifty
yards in front of these, on an eminence, was a
iarge body of Federal cavalry. The coup d'ceil
is described- ns magnhificent
Soon a(ter the return of' General Custar to his
lines, General Gr#nt, accompanied by his stafT;
rode to the liadquart -rs of Gen Lee, which
were under an apple tree, near the road. The
interview is describedias exceedingly impressive.
Ailer the "salutatorv formalities,,wh'ch doubtless
were brief and business-like-Gen. Lee tendered
his swrd to Grant in token of surrender. That
oficer, b*wever, with a courtesy for 'which we
must hcord him due respect, declitied to receive
it, or'receiving, declined to retain it, and accom
Ipanied its return 'wth substantially the following
remar : Ven. Lee keep that sword. You have
wod it by %our gallanty. Y6u bave not been
whip*ped, buttoverpowered. and I cannot receive
it as a token of surrender from so brave a ran."
The reply of Gon. -Lee, we do not. know. But
Grant and im:self are said to have been deeply
affected by the solemnity of the occasiore'and to
have shed tears.' The scene qecurred between
ten and eleven o'e!ock, a. m '
When the sad event became fnown"to the ar
my, -officers and mn gave wry to their emnotio'ns,
and somre apiong the veterans wept like ch.ldren.
A consider.bie ntamber swore that they never
would surrender, and Mmde their way tQ the
woods. -Generals Garky, of this State, and'Ros
ser of Virginia, with a few followers cut their
way out an? escaped. But the bu'lk of the army,
th# men who, for four years, have done battle so
noblr for the caupe, together with leaders like
Longstreet, Gordon,'Kershaw and others, whose
names are forever distiiguished, were obliged
to accept the proffered terms. .
These were-capitulation with all the honors
of war, officers to retain their side arms and per.
sonal properay, and the men their baggage.
Eacii one was thereupoe paroled, and allowed to,
go his way.
During sunday and Menday, a large riumber
of Federal.o?ldiers and offieers vis!hed our camps
and lo-1-ed curiously on ourcomr6aids, but there
was nolng like exultation, no shouting for joy,
and no-word uttered that could adl to the -mor
tifncation already ststuiied. On the contrary,
I every symptom of respect was maiifested, and
the Southern a,.my was praised for t !)rave and
noble manner in which it I 6-fended our
cause. -
The force of tYwYahkee army is estimat.ed at
200,000 men. O.ur own at the time of surrender
embraced mdot more than eight thouAtnd effective
infantry and two thousand cavalry, bn't it is said
that the total number par.oled was about twenty
thr'ee thousand n en of all arms and conditions.
All the Fedlerals, spoke of Gen.. Lee in terms of
unbounded praise. The remark was frequently
uimade, "he wonid receive as many cheers in going
down our lines as General Grant himself."
It is understood that Ge net als Lee an-d Long
street, and other officers, ate now on parole in
the city of Richmoud.
The follow:ing is a c opy of General Lee's ad
dress to his ar:ny, isoned after its surrender to
General Grant at Ap ppmato! Court House, on
Sunday, the 9th Apsil, 1865.
H'dq'rs Army Nordbern Virginia,
Apr. 10, 1865,
Gei4ral Order No. 9.
After four yea.rs of arduous service, marked
by unsurpassed courage and fortitude, the Army
of Northern Vtrgini.a has been compelled to
ield to overwhelmuing nun. oers and resou'rces.
*need not tell the brave survivors of to many
hard fougrht battles, w,ho have remained stead
attotelast, that I have con.sented to this
result from nmo disti ast of th#m. But feeling that
valor and devotion cosild acconmpishnothing that
could com:pens;ate for the loss that -'would have
attended the 'continuance of the contest, I deter
mined to .avoid the useless sacrifice of those
wh.ose past services have endeared Lhem to their
countrymen2.
By the terms of thme agreemen.t, officers and
men can return to their homes. and remain un
til e.xchanged. You will takc with you the
satiaierion that proc'eeds from'the consciousnfess
of' duty Tai thfully performed, and I carnestly
pray t'hat a merciful God wilt extend to Tou his
besin:g and protctdon.
With an anceamsing admin't:on of your con
s:neyand devuucna to your count'ry, and a
can.ideration for myself, I bid you an affectionate
fareweil.
R. E. OFE, General...
.Bow is a special order embracing General
Grant's order for passing. the paroled soldiers to
their homes, and also the Porin of.pass given
them:
HEADQUsRTEjs ARMy NORTHERN VIRGMIA,
pril 10, 1865.
Special Order *%.-.
The following order is published for t.he6 in
formatiov of all parties concerned
IN THE FIELD,'April it , 185.
SpeciaI Order No. -
All officers and men of the Confederate- ser
vice paroled at Appomattox Court.. House, Va.,
who, to reach their homes, are compelled to pa.-s
thtough the lines ot the Union armies, will be
allowed to do so, and to pass free on all Govern
ment tran.sports and military railroads.
By command of Lieutene-t.General Grant.
[Signed,] E. S. Ptnyn,
Lieut. Col., A. A. G.
B% command of R. E. Le.
C. L. VENABLE, A. A. G.
[rORM OF PASS.]
. pArroxirox, C. H., VA.,
'April 1, 1865.
The bearer,.-.' of company --
Fegiment - , of - -, a paroled p'risoner of
the Arn-y of Nort'eIn Virginia, has permision
to go to his home, end there remain undi-turbed.
Lastlyis the form of the pitrole-of lon.or igned
by commanding officer of divisions, &c', on be
half of the men of their command This is taken
from a,copy of the one sigAed by General Fitz
hugh Lee
"I, the undersigned, commanding officer of
, do, for the within named prisoners of
war, belonging to the Army of Northern Virgin
iI, who have been thi's day surrendered by Gene
ral Robert E. Lee, C. S. A., commanding said
army to L-eutenant-General U. S. Grant, com
Imanding Armies of the United State, hereby
give.my solemn parole of honor that the within
namei .All not hereafter serve in the armies .
the Confederate States, or i&any Military capaq
ty. wbatever agai4st the United Staes of Ameri
',,a, or render aid to the enemies of the latter u{
til properly. exchanged, in such manner ai sh:rl!
4e mutually approved by the respective autho i.
ties.. I
"Done at Appomattox Court House, Va.,. this
.9th day of April, 18;5."
Pine 1'rees-Turpentine. * -
Landholders and fa-mers througlioutf the
Cottfederacy, when occupying these rafored
regiog, unvisited by the dest:oyir.; Yarikees,
should at once make effirts to tap.pine trees,
so as to secure rosin and turpentine.
Soap, printers' ink, and .many other, indis
pensable articles,-4re derived from tbi9 tree.
Supineness, lethargy, or indifference to these
requiretnents, will add greater disastrs to
our:land, and Heaven grant that thb6se fatal
distilleries which are pfodue4ng fanjne and
delirium all over our country may b trans
ferred from their Satanic agencies to the Chris
tian purpose of manufacturing these substaices
of universal use'and good.
Plax &ed.-Linseed oil is another artil
which cannot be dispensed with, if any me
chanical operations of importance are ta be
carried out. Farmers, the flax. sold at on-t
tenth of present prices, if sufficient.to prcdude
one bushel of seed, would be a lit*tle fortune
to a good soldier's family. . Send to North
Carolina at once for the seeds, if they cannot
Ibe had at borne. 'A small quantity of thein
may be found with Dr. WoodsidIe, or Mr., Mc
Bee, at Greenville. Do plant even a little..
jindigo and Atadder.-These colovs will soon
.becomec extinct, if not looked to; they are of
vast importance in many respe::ts, indepen.
dently of dyeing. Procure even small quanti.
ties of garden madder, .to bringe back seed ;
but, in the nijeantimne, looke well to the wild
madder, which practical ladies of thq country
say is a. good substitute. As you regard the
welfare o( our common family, (fo.r we are
one,) be energetic, nor -suffer ~this precious
respite and season to pass without extraordi
nary efforts to help yourselves. Reniember
thig rning. In a few months, without pres
ent effrts in. almost everything, you will be
the most destitute of improvident people. Yor
are shut'in by the fleets of the Yankee Lin
colnitis, and must nolexpect anything fromi
the outside world.
Large erogs of ground nuts (goobers) shoutld
be planted for the sake of the oilwhich they
produce ; and so*with sunflowers; whilst we
can shew.you how to inake a *heel to spir
flax, a mill tp press piL, We know by' expe
rience that to will is to do. Put your-heart.
and hands to wok, and God will give the mnind
to mature it.-reenc.ille Mo'tnrtainter. 9
The investigation into the origin and histors
of the Knights of the Golden Circle, in llioos
shows that while the Chicago Tim' was dail.3
dcnving the existence of that or apy othe r secrea
sodet of disloyal proceiriti;c fi-ue of the editor:
and reporters of~ tbc uuiMul E' cn me
Why the Battli waS Los4
I1istory,' says Lord Bolin roke, 'is philos
ophy tenching,bv example.' One'great fault
in historians is that they fre(*uen.y do not
triace events to their hidden causemand anoth
er is t4at they ignore the decrees of overrul
ing Proyidence.
We have- one history of a great war thWZ is
fice from these defects: we allude to the war
by Joshua for the conquest of Palestine, and
-a lesson most appropriate to our own times
and circumstances ma' be drawn from a de
feat sufTered by the great Captain of Israel in
the battle of Ai.
Fhushed with the capture of Jericho, Joshua
shnt forth #c<rps of his mriny to capture the
little army. Never mrehed forth a body of
troops more contident of victory. 1ut a sud
den panic -truck them and dey fled. The
contagi.on spread throuA the whole host and
affected the great heart al Joshua himself.
'e matter would he altogether unintelli'
gible'but that the historian. who records it -
lifts the veil and unfolds the secret'actions of
men and the deep designs of, Providence.
We learn at a word why the battle was lest:
'sraeZ hath sinned; therefori t4ey coulJ
not strnd before their feemi*,8 bccauhe they
itere accursed.'-Jos.*vii. 11, 12.
But what was the sin?- Was it committed
by the.whol' people?- Was it a nationd*l sin?
Not at all. It was the sin of one man, and be
a private ciizen, anJ not even in the army
[that was defeted. What, then, was' this so
great sin which caused the cuf-se of God to
rest on the whole people? .Hear his own
cojifession: When I saw among the spoils
[rt the capture of Jerich.] a goodly. Babylov
11ish garmenk and two hundred shekels of
silver, and a wedge of gold of fifty shekelp
weight, then T coreether and took them.'
Covetousness, -Cretasinsna, C9v :-rocs.qss
brought the curi upon Israel and lost "the
batde. Is there -any wonder that we 1'4e
battles?
There is no evidence that Actan was in te
army that was deeated at Ai; thtre iu no evi
dence that any one in that army knew that
he had.committed sin; yet in consequence of
that unknown sin a. panic seized them and
they were defeated.
The value of the spoil impressed by Acbxrv;
(to use the phraseology of I day,) we
small. A hundred dollai-s in ster, pehaps
bour hur.dred dollars in gold, and a fine unan
tUe-this was the prize for wbich' Achan
brought defeat on his couAtrymen and death
on himself and his family. But the amount
hid ajvay by many of our covetous men now
would count up by the ten thousand.
The battle of Ai w- lost in conseguence of
one sin of one man.' Is i t nywonder that we
Rose battles when our si "ers are numbered
by the thousand, and- our transgressions by
the ten thousand ? Yet any. one sin of any
one man may be the cause of the disaters.
Reader! I il yoiO sin that lot the last bat
tie?
'The battle of Jonesboro' followed by the
destruct;on of Atlanta and the desolation of
the Stee; may have been lost by the covet
ousness of bne single Georgian. , Are you the
guilty man ?
It is said.t.hat the great battle of Mission
Taiy Ridge was lost by i pani. prevailing in
an Alabama..brigade. It may have been caused
by the covetouisness of a smngle Alabama plant
.er or speculator. Are you the Achan' -
ft is said that the battle af Nashville wa
lost by a panic in Bates' division, and thu*
all fdnnessee is lost to'us. Was it the co'ved
ousness of some Tennessee speculator that lost
the battle and brought the curs~e of God on
his State ? For what greater cafse than to
be governed.by Browniow? ?
Joshua could gain the victory only by re
mov.ing the cause of the sin. If we must suf
fer Idefeat until covetousness~ and- the conse'
quent curse of God are removed from up: how
long' oh L4orl! must wa sufter ? Hbw long?i
AN AGr'n:-T.-A young lady being ad
dressed by a gentlemamn much order than her
self, observed to hin, t1hg only objection -he
had, to a'union with him; was the prob& 'h
ty of his dying before her, and feaving her to
the sorrows of widowhoo.d. T1o whlych he made'
the following ingenious and delicate corn
plimentarfreply, "Blessed is the man why
fiath a virtuous wife, for the n umber of bj's
jdays shall he:doubled'
Tdeal lovelines., ncludes all at is good$,
true, en.duririg, ini human th"ught, or wor
~ship. Sh9uld carth. and the things of the
earth abisswb us wholly, we cannot hope t<P
hold con,vei se with this etherel spirit. It. is
only thro'.purified affections, and an exalted
faith, that we are permitted to meet, in thne
solitude of N'ture, or our ownf sOUls, wjth a
ristant so conset ng, and r.o benatiful.

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