GOD A.JSTD OUR COUNTRY
SATURDAY. MORNTNGr, JULY 10, 18T5.
, - - ?-I_j?j 1 --.-r-- 3HBJC _
ALWAYS IX ADVANCE.
JM U iVLJ^DjO/ ?l
H. F. MUCJfcENFUSS, ?cutist
OF CHARLESTON, can bo found at bis
OFFICE above Captain HAMIL
TON'S STORE, on Mar
lUforoncos?Das. J. P. Patmck, B. A.
Mvokekpvss, A. P. Pklzer, M. D., and
iMBISBB.PKI.SBH, RODOB?S & - Co. ... ? r
-^??? V , ? ? i ? ?;?.!,?k-4
[LADIES AND GENTIJE1WEN
OF ORANGEBURG, *
MOSES M. BROWN, the Harbor pledges
Ifcimscif to keep up with tho timed in nil the
'LATE IMPROVEMENTS, as hia business is
sufficient to gurnntee the above. He will
'bo fouud at Iiis old stand, ever ready to
'serve his customers ut the shortest notice.
apt 11 30
DRUGS and MEDIOIENS.
H have on hand also a suply of
SEEDS and ONION SETTS.
Tororiptions carcfuly compounded, orders
tfrom the oountry strickly attended to at tho
IPoplar Drug Store of
DR. A. C/DUKES.
jan 28 1874 ly
Horses and Mules
BAMBERG &JSLATER'S STABLES
IN Pi EAR OF
J, GEO. TONE'S STORE.
TVhcrc yon will .find a COMPLETE- st?ck
?of the finest -HORSES and MULHP that] con
Tjc procured 'from the BEST MARKETS in
KU? United Stale*. ' ? "
Our prices *n?gt: frem HiSO to $'J25. All
orders filled at the ehort.QSt -notice. .. ,. , ? .
If nur -stock on huud do not .please we
<*it?e't8 ??874 iL ki .Cm
~i\TOTICE is licrcuy given of
,t\ the loss <or destruction of Certificate
?of Deposit N?. &V1, Otin'gclmrg ttr-aheky
?Citizens Savings Rank of South OnroHnn;
^?aued to the late E. J. OliveTOB, deceased,
*ud also of Deposit. Book No: flO/ofsamc
.Branch, in the ?name -of tho'Bahl t?. J. Oli
?veros, in trust, and that I'will:apply' in
ihrre months ft*oiu d?te for ?vron*Wal of the1*
?ame, and for such dividends as may accrue
thereon, to tie Trustee and-Comtnittoe^f
the said Bank, at Columbia, & C ?
E. ROSA C. OLtVEROS,?
mar ??1 am Stn Qiudifiod-ESecirtrix.
Dental, NP'?'t rcE
THE undersigned takes pleasnr* in an
nouncing to his many friends and patrons
that he has permanently located at Orange
bur;, C. 11., 8. C, where he will ditvote his
cm ti re time, from every Monday till Saturday
?eon to the
PRACTICE OF DENTISTRY
in all ita Depa? tmentaX.^e^ect4aij?faopop
guaranteed in ail oper'titibn/t/ebtJusteilOo; his
care. Charges very^moaejrote.
Office at Dr FerRner'B old Bland over Will
A. M. SNIDER, D. S.
L. S. WOLFE.
IN THE, . r -
For terms apply to
S. 13L MELLICHAMP,
'? .?/'"/:?? < I'Hncipn'r.
Havirig secured the AGENCY of the
"City InsuranCj Company
Iprpvidece, !R. I."
/ fijOiltfllal, $210,051.
"Wjth thai jidfparticipating Companies,
Tlic "Fireman's Fund," Capi>
"Atlantic," of New York.
I urn prepared to lake RISKS of nnv
amount, cliyjding them in eaypral 1st Class
Companies, ip*huh ic*r dicWention
of properly holders. .JL'Tll'l >
8l3ICO J A L ?TBKS"
T ken on CjlN iRJUHES, MILLS and
JOIJN A. HAMILTON,
Firs Instance Agent.
A few tons of
GUANAPE PERUVIAN QUANO.
Also a supply of the
MAPES STANDARD FERTILIZERS.
j. a. HAMILTON,
?p| 3 l?7o )y
The English Language
A pretty deer in dear to mc,
A hare with dewy liair,
A harti love with all my heart,
But barelv bear a bear.
'Ti* plain that no one takes a piano
To luivo a pair of pears;
A rake, though, often takes a rake.
And tears away the tares.
A. vrritin writing, "righj," may write.
? li/jlwrigirt," m?biit?l be wr?ng,' ?
For XSvrite-y.nnu ''rite" are neither "right,"
And don't to Wright belong.
Beer often brings a bier to man,
Coughing a count brings,
And too much ale will make us ail,
As well us sonic other things.
The person lies who says he lies
When he is not reclining,
And when consumptive folks decline
They all decline declining.
A cpiail don't nuail before a storm;
A bough will how before it;
ca?TJotfrbjh the rain'at'all: j
ffNo cdrth'ljTipowexsrcigii o'er it;
The dyer dyes awhile, then dies;
To dye he's always trving,
Until upon his dying bed,
lie thinks no more of dyeing.
A son of Mars mar? many a sun;
All deys must have their days,
And every knight should pray each night
ToIIim who weighs his ways.
'Tis mete that man should mete our meet
To feed misfortune's son.
The fair should fare on love alone,
Else one cannot bo won.
A law, alas! is eomctimes false;
. Of faults a maid is made;
Here waist is but a,barren waste?
Though stay'd slic is not staid.
The springs spring forth, in Spring, and
Shoot forward, one and all;
Though Summer, kill? the flowers, it leaves
The leaves to fall in Fall,
i -??-'/< i i ' i ( I
I would a story here commence,
Biltyou might lind it stale;
So let's Bupposc that we have reached
.. The tail end of our talc
TrlE BOOKS AFFAIU.
let us gc
to the lit
A BTRAXCJE BTO.I|Y OF CIUC?MSTANT
U .'.'?* ' I'AL'irS'IDKKOE.
^ Oni .^lie mmmng of the 2T>rfr of No
vember, 1819, I read in the Rutland
CsU^i llcwld the following notice:
imO j i-1'W?.BDERl"
"Primers of newspapers throughout
.the . United States are desired to pub
lish tliajt,. Stephen Boorn, of Man
chester, Vermont, is sentenced to
bo executjickl fcr the murder of Russell
I iiojyiui.i^'foo has been absent about
seven years. Any person who can
give . jjjforiuintiou. of said Colvin may
fla,vej'tbe litte of'the innocent, by mak
ing immeditue communication. Colvin
Jive feet five inches high,
legion, light hair, blue eyes,
f40 years old". Manchester,
Immuuication was copied
paHy by newspapers, and
?re>}, rjfeal of interest. Be
ping cvcubTtliat followed,
back to the year 1812 and
town of Manchester, Yer
, in out.
Barney Booru, an wld man, had two
sons, St phen ami Jesso, aud a
daughter, Sarah, wife of Russell Col
viu, a 1 nlf-crazed, half-witted day
laborer. iThey were a bad.lot, poor,
(atul in doubtful repute for
Two miserable hovels ser
for shelter, and a few acres
mrrens constituted all their
They raised a few pota
jgardcti vegetables. a::d eked
mty livelihood by days work
1812, Colvin \v s at home.
i\c was missing. At first this
|;d no remark. I Iowas always
absent from diomc sometimes
Iks together. But this time he
come back. As 'weeks !grbw
lonths inquiries began to be
imong tho neighbors about the
man. There are uo tongues
<sip like those which wag in a
village. Ope spoke to another.
}r/>ent grew. Wonder, like, a
ious disease, nllbcted every
was known that there had long
1 between the old man and boys
dgo against Colvin; if. was in
that the last time the missing
as seen he was at work with the
clearing stones from a field,
hat a dispute was going on; and
Colvin, a boy, son of Russell,
dated that his lather had struck
his uncle Stephen, and that the other
returned the blow, and that then he,
the boy, becoming frightened, ran
away. Again, a Mr. Jin Id win had
heard Stephen Boom, in answer to
the inquiry as to where Colvin was,
say, "lie's gone to hell, I hope."
"Is he dead, Stephen?'' pursued
"I tell you again," replied the man,
"that Colvin has gone where potatoes
For seven years the wonder grew.
C?lvin's ghost haunted every house in
Bennington county. There was no
known proof that the Booms were
guilty, and yet everybody believed it.
A button and jack-knife were found,
which Mrs. C. believed to have be
longed to Russell; dreams, thrice re
pealed, were had by old women nnd
kitchen girls?and ten thousand
stories were iu circulation,
j Five years after Colvin was mused,
j Stephen Boom, removed to Denmark,
I N. Y., while Jesse remained at home.
After the former had left some bones
wore accidentally found in the decay
ed trunk of a tree in his house, and,
though all surgeons said to the con
trary, it was universally believed that
they were part of a human skelton.
Of course, then .they must be Colvin's
bones. Jcsso was arrested, Stephen
was brought back from Denmark and
both were held for examination. Al
though all the testimony when sifted
was found to be worthless, yet two
j brothers were remanded back to jail,
a^d Jesse was worked upon to make
! him turn State's evidence. The jailer
tormented him with suggestions, which
his, wife followed up with womanly
adroitness. Neighbors helped 1B Beset
with proachiiig dud praycrai trae 1 s,
ami 7- sermons,' religious con versation
and pious diiections?that there was
no doubt in auy one's mind but that
^trjplieh'cotAwgteA t\ic infil'Bh* xi i gW
to make a dean breast of it and l litis
save his body and soul, what wonder
that the man confessed, or was alleged
to have confessed, that Stephen Boorn
did murder Russell Colytn ?
On Sept, 3, 1810, the grand jury
found, Oj bill of indictment against
Stcplien . and Jesse Boom for thp
mutder of Bussel J Colvin.. Williams
Farnsw?rth testified that Stephen con
fessed that he did it, and that Jesse
helped him; that they hid'the body, in
the .hushes, then .juried it, then dug :t
up'.'aint. burned ' it, and then scraped
the few remains and hid them in a
stump. . TJdou' this unsupported evi
dence the jury returned a verdict of
gffilty againsthoth prisoners, ami they
were sentenced, to bo hung on Jan.
, And now the men came, to their
senses. They asserted their innocence.
They said that they had confessed as
their last hope. Some compassion
began to be fell for them. They
might, a.'ter all, be innocent. A peti
tion for their pardon was presented to
the Legislature. But.it availed "'dy
to' obtain commutation of Jesse's sent
ence to imprisonment for life. No
more. Stephen was to be hanged.
Let the reader now turn to another
chapter of this strange history.
In April, 1813, there lived in Dover,
Mc-nmouth county, lsT-. J,k.a Mr. James
rollmnius. During that month a way
farer, begging food, stopped at the
cjoor. Being handy, good-natured,
quiet and obedient, homeless, and
weak of itclloct, too, he was allowed
to stay, lie said his name was Russell
Colvin, and ' that he came from Man
Itfot far from Dover lies tho little
town of Shrewsbury, then a quiet
hamlet, now invaded .by tho cottages
and villas,,of* Long Branch pleasure
seekers. Here lived Tuber Chadwick,
brolhor-in. jaw to Mr. I'olhamus, and
intimnto with the family. Acoidonlly
reading the New York Evening 7W,
he met, not with the notice of the
Rutland llcrahl, but with an account
of the trial of tho Booms. Convinced
that the Russell Colvin, alleged to
have been murdored, was tho very
man living with Mr. Volhamus, he.
wrote to the Evening VW a letter,
which was published Dec. I), 1810.
Upon the arrival of this paper at
Manchester; it excited but little at
tention. Tlio letter was believed to
be a forgery ?r a fraud. Jlad not the
best pooploiu the town long believed
the Booms to bo guilty? Had not
one, norhaps both, of thctn, made full
confession ? : The bones of the mur
"dored man,, a portion of his coat, his
jack-knife?had they not all been
found ? Had not an upright Judge
made solemn charge that the evidence
was conolilsivc, and "an intelligent
jury found them guilty, and the Legis
lature sanctioned the findings? There
was no doubt of their guilt?none
whatever, and therefore no befit of a
i}. ubt had^hecn given by jury, Chief
Justice or Court of Appeal.
Mr. Chadwiok's letter was neverthe
less taken ;t0 Stephen's coll ami read
aloud. The news was so overwhelming
that naturo could scarcely survive the
shock. The poor fellow dropped in a
fainting fit.to the floor, and had to be
recovered by dashes of cold water.
Intelligence came next day froxi a
Mr. Whelpley, formerly a resident of
Manchester, that he himself had been
to New Jersey ai)d seen Russell Col
vin. The members of the jury which
had convicted the Booms, however,
hesitated to .accept anything short of
the man's presence, and Judge Chase,
who had sentenced them, pointed to
Stephen Boom's confession,
Tlic third day came another letter.
"I have Rituell Colvin with me,"
wrote Mt. Whelpley. "I personally
know Russell Colvin,'' swore John
ICcmpton; "he now stands before me."
"It is the same Russell Colvin who
married Ann Boorn, of Manchester,
Vt.," made affidavit Mrs. Jones, of
iSiookln. But it would not answer.
Pride, of opinion is ftuhl orh.' J3oubf
of opinion dies hard. Manchester in
tclligenecj net to say piety, was on
trial, j^fc.'^ behooved all good rosi
t u t. i^mgrlh!? r 11.wri p;i; 11fjUri)iy i i.ljon,
to the last.
However, Colvin,or Oolvin's double,
was on his way. As he passed throng
l'oughkccpsic the streets were throng
ed to sec him: His story was printed
in every newspaper and told at every
fire side. At Hudson eannous were
jircd; in Albany he was shown tu the
.crowd from the platform; aud > all
along' the load lO' Troy bands of;music-'
were playing and banndrs- werc flaunt
ing and cheers were given as Col yip
passed by. Some men become' famous
from having been murdered. Russell
Colvin was famous becauso he was
Toward evening of Friday, Decem
ber 22, 1S19, a double sleigh was
driven furiously down the main street
of Manchester to the tavern door. It
contained Whelpley, Kcmpton, Chad
wick, and the bewildered Ruwel 1 Col*
\in. Immediately a orowd of men,
women and children gathered around,
nnd as the sleigh unloaded its occu
pants and they took their place on the
piazza; exhibiting the last man to view,
"That's Ruseell Colvin, sure enough !
T' re's . no doubt about it!" came
from the lips of scores of gazers, .Ho
embraced his two children, asked
lifter the Boom, nnd started Jor the
The prison doors were unbolted and
the news told to Stephen Boorn.
"Colvin : has; come, Stephen," said
tho.Rcv. Lemuel Haynas.-.
"lias he?" asked the prisoner.
"Where is he ?"
"Here I am, Stephen," said his
brother-in-law. "What's that on your
"Shackles!" replied Boorn.
"Because they said I murdorcd
"You never hurt mo in your life,"
The .sequel is soon to'd. Stephen
B?dfn was released from prison, as
was Jcsso also. Russell Colvin re
turned to New Jcr joy. But tho Judge
who suffered an innocent man to bo
convicted of murder by tho admission
of extra-judicial confessions?the
members of the jury, who deliberated
but ono hour before agreeing upon a
verdict of guilty upon evidence that
bhculd not hang a dog?tho deacon
nnd f hurch members who urged con
fcssion and preached repentance?und
tho niiietY-sevr \ members of the
Legislature, sit ig as n Court of Ap
peals, who ret used re-heuriujjj of evi
dence?what became of them ?
A Terrible Problem.
A recent number of a scientific
journal, speaking of the relative pro
portion of the sexes in the human race,
says Max Adder, declares that for
every -150 men that came into,the
world, 100 72-100 women are born. I
do. not ditpulc these figures. I only
a?k for light. It appears, according
to this, t hat there arc sonic women who
arc only 72-100 of women. What the
remaining 28-100 are I cannot ima
gine. iN'ow, what I want to know is
this : If a woman of this kind marries
a 1-100 man and has a daughter, will
the daughter lie an 84-100 woman'or
a96-100 woman? And what will be
the exact relation between Mich a
daughter and a 70-100 aunt ami her
87-100 daughters, especially if the 87
100 girls marry the brothers of the
00-100 girl, and so become hcr08-100
first cousin, but also her 9?-100 sister
in-law, the aforesaid 7(5-100 aunt be
coming also the 80-100 mother-in-law
of the 88-100 nephews, will the?
the?. Let mc see, where am 1 ? It
is an awful subject to grapple with.
Oh, yes ! I say if the 70 100 aunt
-. But no. The question can't
be solved in any such way as this. I
give it up. Tho only way to get at
it will be to do the sum in algebra
somehow, making the daughter x, the
aunt y, the first cousin a, and the
mother-in-law b. Then it scorns to,me,
if you multiply theauntby thedaugh
tur and divide thi "first cbu'slon by the,
mother-in-law,' iii; some )Vny Or ''oVhcr,'.
or ext ra ct the square root of the- con
si ril and subtiaet the result fro.n tue
aunt, keeping the daughter a common
<lpnon^;itnr| nml at tllO saiUO til UP
make Uec'ima'il iractian ot tno'nufflrer^'
in-htw, perhaps ' the result might bo
satisfactory. But I am not certain. 1
am poor in mathematics. I wish that
Professor Tyndall would subject it to.
a chemical analysis^
- ii ?i' ? c?' - ? ''
rartH.not -?nerally; Kiump. '<? ; ??
?di ml ??*-'
Melons ( were found origjnajlycin
A^tt* im ' >ob? ??
The cantolope is a natiye_.qf _Ame
riea, und is so called from the name of
a place near Rome, whsrp it was first
cultivated in Europe.
Tin nectarine is said to have re
ceived its name from nectar, the par
ticular drink of tho gods.
Pears wero originally brought from
the East by the Kornaus.
The greengage is called nfl$r*thc
Gage family, who firBt took it into
England from a monastery in Paris..
Filbert* originally came . from
The walnut is a native of Persia the
Caecacus and China.
The Greqks called butter bouturos
Before the middle of the seven
teenth century, tea was not used in
Kugland, and was entirely unknown
to the Giveks and Romans.
The beau is en id to be a native of
Spinach is a Persian plant.
The tomato is a native of South
America, and takes its name from an
'Jdio turnip on me originally from
11.. me. ,,
Sweet mnjoram is a native of Portu
Coriander seed came oi^guially from
The clovo is a nativo of tho Moluc
ca Islands, also is the nutmeg.
Capers originally grew wild in
Greece and Korthern Africa.
Thin is the way the young men of
Farmington comb back on the young
ladies who resolved not to counten
ance t he use of tobacco by association
with those addicted to the habit:
AW//('tt^Tl'iuL hcroafter we wilt not
associate with or countenance any fe
male who wears false hair or false
tectli (under twenty years of age,) or
who use corsets or paints, and who
allows her trail to draggle in tho
How t?o Jury Stood. r.
A New York reporter made ex
haustive efforts to get the exact status
of the several members of the Beech*
or-Tilton jury, and beHevea that he '*
bus ascertained how each juror has
stood'on the issuo of Boo .her'?' guilt
/luring their protracted consultation.
It is possible that he has mrtda one or <?'
two immaterial mistaken in classifying
the jurors, but the following is given -
as the way they stood last evening.'.
t will be seep that two of them are
supposed to agree exactly,-and that
their diflercuces take the wildest pos- ,
sible range. Without assuming to
indorse the report, wo give it as it has
1 Not guilty?believed so from the
2 Not guilty, but must marry the'
3 Not guilty, but must do Bo no
more. ? ? '
4 Guilty, but entitled to another'
5 Bceclier inuoccnt, but Mrs. Til
ton guilty. . i. q
5 Not guilty, but should stop
7 Guilty, without qualifications.
8 Not guilty, nut married the wrong
9 Guilty, but not proven.*
10 Not guilty, but should have a'
11 Guilty generally.
12 Not guilty, but hoe doubtful va-1
nations, 1 "'?*
Wasu foh Fences anu Outbuild
ings.?The following is a most exeeel- j
lent, cheap and durable wash for
wooden fences nnd buildings. It owes
its'dh^abiiity tb l?^mlif^mk^
hardens and'h^e^lne1' wash : t,,-1 ^'j^,.
Tak'? 'a barrel aWd slack one oushei':
of freshly burned lime in it, by cover
ing^the lime with boiling' wato'rv'V '
enough to bring it to the consistency '
of good white-wash. Then?dissolvein
water, and add one pound of vrhito
Vitriol (sulphate of zinc) nnd ono ;
quart of. fine salt.' ri>n ? -? il |?di <
To givo; this wash a cream colo.*l:
add one-half a pound of yellow ochre.'-'
?t),iPonder,).',^0 give it, n,-faWttlook,
add a pound of yellow ochre, and oiic-r .
fourth of a. pound of Indian: rficL a^ftUir
To make the wash a handsome gray.v ;
stone color, add one-half a- pound of
French bhu, and one-fourth pound of
Indian red; a drab will bo made by
adding1 one-half of a pound of burnt
sienna, and ono-fourth pound Venetian
For brick or stone, instead of one
bushel of limo, use half a bushel ef
lima, alid half a bushel of hydraulic.
A Hint to F^UMEits.-r-In
sections?and, it would be a decided. '
advance in the thoughtfulness I and ij
kindness in all sections?farmers give
each of their boys, and girls, too, u 5
strip of land to raise whatever they K
choose oh it, and dispose of tbnpro-^
duct for their own benefits. It is a
favor that they all appreciate, and it
is d pleasant and serviceable employ- t
meni for them in their leisure hours.
They will vie with each other in their
skill ut raising their little crops,'ana j
the proceeds applied to tlieir own use, (
arc frequently of some value; and tho
whole arrangement while it instructs
them in the cultivation of tho soil,
early implants in the children the idea
of thrill and economy. ,,,
. Copy was out. The devil picked
up a paper and said, "Herea some
thing 'About a Woman'?rinust I cut
it out?'' "No!'' thundered thettditnrji
"the first disturbance ever, created in ?<
tho world was occasioned by the devil to
fooling about a woman." |
'Do you kiiow who I am V asked a
policeman oi a fellow whom he had]
seized by tho throat, 'Not exactly,
sir; but 1 fancy you arc tho malignant
"Timo softens all things," except
the young man who parts his hlir in
the middle and whistles ou the street
cars. Nothing can make him any
seller that] he is.
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