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iwceu KVKRY 8atukday morning BY tjij5
oiiAKOEmmo ?Ewa company._'
THAD 0. ANDRKWS, Editor._
jlKO. DOLIVKn, mistaeas Manager._
SATU K1>A Y, AUIC.I471875/
The Mountain Meadow Massacre.
After an interval of eighteen years,
the trial of the alleged perpetrators of
the Mountain Meadow massacre has
commenced in fhc courts of Salt Lake
City. That the reader may have a
proper understanding of this tragical
event, we will state, that in 1850 Utah
was organised ne a Territory, and
President Fflmoro conferred tho office
ef Governor upon Briglmm Young.
Prrts years afterward, 'President;
Hetee. taudo oa aaeSVetuai attempt to
Jm* tWsH^l St?J?leO, of th? Ucguinr
Ajany, into tli* gabernatorial chair,
5n tho plAco of Yeuwg. A good deal
of bad feeling grow out of this, Young
declaring to tbo Mormon 'labcrnaclo:
"I am. nad will bo, Governor, and no
power ean prevent it, until the Lord
Almighty says, 'Brigham, you need
not be Governor any longer.'" In
April, 1875, Governor Young expell
ed from the Territory a number of
United States officers. For this offence
President Buchanan deposed Young,
and appointed Alfred Gumming in his
stead, and orderod a strong military
force to Utah to sustain the Govern
ment. On the 24th of July, 1857,
when tho Mormons heard of the in
tentions of tho President, they dcelnr
od their independence. This day they
had celebrated for ten years in suc
cession as a white one iu their history.
Ten years before, having been expell
ed from Nauvoo, the Mormons first
entered Salt Lake Valley, and after
ward kept the anniversary ns a holi
day, and tho declaration of their
separation and independence added
new zest to the festival.
During tho demonstration which
was held in Cottonwood Ganon, ono of
"** iheTnouniain gbrgesj where the. wciftT"
and subliue scenery presents a picture
which defies the skill and genius of the
painter and the inspiration of the poet,
two tired and travel-worn messengers
rode up the glen and anuounccd thai
tho troops had begun thoir march
from tho Iroulier of tho Missouri.
The news fell like a thu?<Jerbolt from
a blue aUy *oung made a fiery
speech to tho two thousaud auditors
before him, and defended his demand
for independence, and asked that the
name of Utah be blotted out, and
that the panto of Dc*erct be substitu
ted in its place. At onco the Mor
mon militia wero put under arms,
lortifications wero erected, and the
Territory placed in an attitude of
Wheu Van Vlict, the Quartermas
ter, arrived at Salt Lake City tomsko
Arrangements for the reception of tho
United Stale! tree pa, ito wii informed
4%M iheuF advance would be resisted
bf (orqtz ef areas*, cod a fortnight later |
tirebr ?reis? were attacked- by the
Veme* soldier*, their wagom* were
buraetS, aad their teamsters arrest* d
and dhiaruied. It was in this condi-1
tion of affairs that the Mountain
Meadow massacre occurred in Septem
ber, 1857. While tho troops were
marching toward Utah over the old
road along the Sweet Water, one
hundred aud fifty Arkannses cmi
grants, men, women, and children, on
their way to California, were attacked
by a band of Indians, and of whites
disguised ns Indians. For eight days
they defended themselves in a corral
made of their wagons; but on Tues
day, September loth, they surrender
eel, and wero at once exterminated.
Lee, the Mormon leader of this hand
of murderers, has made a confession
in which he gives a detailed account
of the revolting massacre, stating the
names of persons connected with the
outrage, what was done by the mur
derers aTter the commission of the
crime, the disposition of the children
saved, and the particulars of their
removal to Missouri. lie explains
how and why tke tragedy was execu
te?!, nnd fixes tho responsibility on
Height nnd Higbce, the former stand
ing on un eminence and giving the
signal agreed upon for llie slaughter.
When the emigrants had been decoy
ed from their stronghold by nllag of
truce, they were despatched by thirty
white men and a large number ofr
11;dinns. He adds to his confession
the following statement: "Injustice
to Brigham Young, I must say that
when he heard my story he wept like
a child, walked the floor and wrung
his hands iu bitter anguish, and said
it was the most unfortunate affair, the
. west unwarranted ercnt that had ever
happened to the Mormon people. Ho
said 'This transaction will briug sor
row and treoblft upon uj in Utak. I
' would to Qed it bad aavcr happen
Lee, p Mormon Biakop, is repre
sented in his photograph, as about
seventy years of Hge, with short,
coarse gray hair, a merciless mouth,
high cheek bones, a hard forehead,
an unsympathetic and uuintcllcctual
face. He is of ordinary height, heavi
ly built, nnd clad in homespun. His
appearance marks him as a man of
inflexible purpose, obsequious in bis
servility, aud unflinching in his devo
tion to his religious sentiments.
The highest point in the world
where arrangements are made for
scientific observations is the summit
of Pike's Peak. There, 14,30b' feet
above the level of the sea, is a rudely
constructed stone house, where live
three men, the observing sergeant and
his two assistants. During seven
months of the year these men arc shut
off from all in teniour.se with other hu
man beings. Early in November they
house themselves, and live on the pro
visions they have stored up and the
meats they have buried in the snow.
When tho atmosphere is in a proper
condition for the telegraph to work,
some scraps of news aro obtained, but
they cannot reach the world below
u?rtho woTirf get tn thron?ThTTT^cF^
vations made from this lofty point are
sent to almost every enlightened
European nation. The station was
established here in ?ugest, 187?, the
special object being to learn some
thing about 'he upper currents of the
atmosphere. The principal instru
ments used aro the barometer, ther
mometer, hygrometer, anemometer
and tho rain gauge. One of the most
remarkable phenomena seen on Pike's
Peak is the electrie storm. A corres
pondent of the New York Tribune re
cently visited ihe summit signal sta
tion, and to him Mr. Brown, the ob
serving sergeant, thus describes these
"They generally hegiit with bail,
and last from half nn hour to four
hours. The whole atmosphere is full
of electricity. Sheets of fire arc every
where. Sparks crackle about your
clothes and in your hair, nnd fill the
buffalo-robes aud the bedding. The
electricity comes through the roof,
through tho windows and up from the
floor. It veor?K ax though you aro in
a hnttery. Tf yon go out-door?, a cloud
of electricity rsstssn the whole Peak.
It eemea from the rocks; the clouds
are full of it. Th? lightning plays
belew in fearful intensity. One's hair
literally stands en end."
Mr. Brown also stnted that he had
seen the frost a foot deep all over the
summit, on windows, doors, rocks, and
particularly on metaU. Sometimes it
gathers on the telegraph wires to the
doth of eight inches, and frequently
breaks the line and Htops communion
tion. Such are f-omc of the features
of life on Pike's Peak.
Parson Brownlow, llie lite-long po
litical antagonist of Andrew Johnson,
in speaking of the deceased, says that
"in one nspeet, at least, ox-President
Johnson was a model statesman; he
was honest." Mr. Brownlow further
remnrks that this was one of the
principal reasons why he was so strong
with the mntses: "His personal integ
rity nlways gave hi* political policy
special weight." In concluding his
excellent and magnanimous article on
his old political antagonist the ex
senator says :
"What he had was justly his own,
and be came by every dollar of it
honestly. This trait iu his character
is worthy of emulation by all public
men. His boundless success is evi
dence that the American people ap
preciate honesty in their rulers, ami
that when they find such reward them
with their conlidence and support."
Bamberg is building a bank^
There have been more watermelons
shipped from Aiken this season than
A goodly number of Augus#a's Citi
zen? arc spending the summer season
The expenses of the June term of |
the Union Court were $2,18&37,ex
cl usi ve of the judge's salary.
Allen Roden, the murderer, has
entirely recovered from the wounds
received when captured, and patiently
awaits his trial in the Aiken guard
There aro two murder casoa to be
tried at tho next iarm of the'Court of j
Gnu oral Session? for Aikca County,
which convenes en the first Monday
A gentleman from Fair-field statt?
that in oigut years ther* have been
eleven burials of whites in Winusboro
and one hundred and forty-seven of
negroes. In a small section south
east of Winnsboro. where there were
seven hundred and fifty negroes, there
are now but two hundred and fitly.
They nrc dying of consumption.
On Sunday, the 1st instant, Cynthia
Quick, widow of the late J. Stafford
Quick, was found dead iu Red Blufl'|
Township, Marlboro County. The
deceased was at the house of Charles
I). Quick on tho night of Tuesday,
and left to return to her own house,
a short distance ofE Nothing more
was known of her wdiorcabouts until
the finding of the body on Sunday
afternoon. Both the upper and lower
jay/a were broken, ard a large pool of |
blood was lying near. The murderer
is not known.
I si.iceruly thank the Fire Engine Com
panion, the Hook and Ladder Company, and
my neighbors and friends for their efficient
aid, cheerfully rendered, in saving my
hmue, at the fire, lust Saturday night.
August 12th 1875. T. W. GLOVER.
The subscriber hogs to give his heartfelt
thanks Iu the Fire Companies (hoth White
ami Colored), and to the IBank & Ladder
Company, as well as many citizens, for their
earnest cflorts to save his dwelling, on the
morning of the 12th inst.
We desire to express our grititude to the
Fire Department, and the many kind
friends, through whose exertions our Mill
wasshveil on ihe 12th inst. Their manage
ment of the tire won most admirable, and it
is owing to their noble elforls that wc have
lieon saved from heavy losses.
J. STUAUSS &CO.
The State of South Carolina.
CotlKTY OF ?KAMOKBVKU.
Know all men by these present*, that a
?<ma11 piece of Land, lying, and being on the
old Orangehurg and Charleston Road, in
IMiddlc Township School District No. 0,
County and State aforosaid, having been
purchased, hy School Trustees for Public
School purposes, (Colored,) according to
Law, any intcrfcrance with the'.raid arrange
in en is, will call in force Act 41, Section
j Schcol Law.
J. P. M. FOUR KS,
J. P. PHILLIPS,
Heard of Trustees.
August 5th 137o.
&ii|,' 14 1375 3t
6in-Geari ig and Cottoa
Pres. for Sals.
I oftr for sale, my<HIf*QEARIHO,
marly new, with IRON Segraeata and
Pinion complete. Also, ene UTLEY COT
TON PRESS in complete order. The
above are for Salo Choap, as I propose to
discontinue Cotton ginning at my place.
JA8. II. FOWLES.
a tig 14 1875 3t
OFFICE SCHOOL COMMISSIONER,
Oka no kbv ku, County,
Orangcbiirg, S. ('., August 10th I87?.
Iu accordance with an Acl'to establish
and uiaiitain a system of the Free and Com
mon Schools in the State of South Carolina.
The Hoard of County School Examiners
will hold a meeting at this County Seat,
commencing September Gth, and continue
during tha month, to examine candidates
desiring to hecome Teachers in the Free
Common School of this County, who present
themselves to the Hoard for Examination.
County School Commissioner.
augM 1875 7t
Hy virtue of an nrdar of the Probate
Court. I will sell at Orangehurg, S. C, at
the. Store oi' Luther Han-da!.?. deceased, on
the first Monday in September next, at pub
li:i auction, till the CJoods, Wares and Mer
chaudi/.e in said stoic, belonging to said
deceased. Also tin; Car pen torn Tools of
Tcrnia cash on delivery.
JOSEPH F. ROBINSON,
uug 14?4t Administrator.
OFFICE OF COUNTY AUDITOR,
OuAxaishuitu, S. C August 11th 1875.
TO DAVID PALMER:
Take notice, that Peter Prophett has paid
in tu the County Treasury the tux, costs and
penalties, together with 50 per cent, on his
Real Estate purchased by you ut the
Delinquent Land sale held May 3rd 1875.
JAS. VAN TASSEL,
aug 14 . 1875 It
A FINK MILCH COW.
W. A. MEROENY.
COTTON BLOOM COTTON GIN,
Price $4 00 per saw.
MAGNOLIA COTTON GIN,
Price $4 00 por saw.
HALL'S PATENT, COTTON GIN,
Price $4 00 per caw.
HALL'S PATENT COTTON GIN
with Feeder Attached,
Price $5 50 per 8aw.
The above arc priuea in store at Charles
ton. Send for Circular.
No. 111 East Hay Street,
Ncrth of the PoslolBee,
aug 14?2 Charleston, S. C.
Will be OPENED in Orange
burg on the 1st September,
1875, next door to T.
J. L. MORRISON.
A well selected Stock of
Constantly on hand,
aug 14 1865 tf
TiiC Cordial ISalm ofKyricum
and Tonic Pill?.
However obscure the cause may be winch
coritrijjiilg .Jg.-fe.'Aller^Jjeryons debility a
-ilTKt'asc so prevalent, a fleeting, as it docs^n
nearly one-half of our adult population, it
is a melancholy fact that day uy day, and
year by year, we witness a most frightful in
crease of nervous affections from dm slight
est neuralgia to the irtore grave ami
extreme forms of
N ERYOlTS PROSTRATION,
Is characterized by a general languor or
weakness of tho whole organism, especially
?if the nervous system, obstructing and pre
senting the ordinary functions ofnatnre;
hence there is a disordered state of the
secretions; constipation, scanty and high
colored urine, with an excess ofearlhy or
lime sediment, indicative of wastcof brain
and nerve substance, frequent palpitations
of the heart, loss of memory and marked
irresolution ?f purpose, and inability to
carry into action any well-defined business
enterprise, or to fix the mind upon any one
thing at a time. There is great sensitive
ness to impress, though retained but a short
time, with a flickering ami lluttering condi
tion of the menial faculties, rendering an
individual what is eommonlv called a
whifile-minded or flickle-minded man.
This condition of the individual, distress
ing as it is, may with a certainty becured by
THE CORDIAL BALM OF* SYRICUM
AND LOTH HOP'S TONIC PILLS,
Medicines unrivaled for their wonderful
properties and remarkable cures of all Ner
vous CnmplaintF. Their efficacy is equally
great in the treatment and cure of Cancers,
Nodes, Ulcer*, Pustule, Pimples, Tetter,
lover, Sores, Ringworm, Erysipelas, Scald
head. Harbers' Itch, Scurvy, Salt Rheum,
Copper-Colorod Hlotchea, Glandular Swell
ing*, Worms and Black Spots in tho Flesh,
Discolomtionn, Ulcers in the Throat, Moath
and Nose, Sora Lego, and Sorea of every
rhareoi^r, becanto these s?ed!cin?aarethe
Jhvdr placed before the people, and are war
ranted to be the moBt power full Alterative
ever originated by man, removing Morbid
Sensibility, Depression of Spirits, Dementia
tOT Sold by all Druggists, and will be sent
by express to all parts of the country qy ad- |
dressing the proprietor, G. EDGAR j
LOTHROP, M. I)., 143 Court street, Iloston, i
Mass., who may be consulted free of charge
either personally or by mail. Send 25 cents
ami get a copy of his Rook on Nervous
aug 14 1875 ly
OFFICE CO. COMMISSIONERS,
OllAKtraiiuno, S. C, Augusts, 1875.
AH persons having claims against the
County will present the same, made out in
items properly sworn to, on or before the
14th day of September 1875.
GEO. BO LIVER,
Clerk of Board of Co., Com'ra
aug 7 1875 2t
All persons having demands against the
Estate of Luther Rnnsdale, deceased, are
requested to hand them, properly attested
to the undersigned, or to Messrs. Izlajr &
Dibble, Atterneys; and all persons indebted
will make payment to the undersigned, or
to U. Addison RaiMulale, my Agent.
J. K. ROHINSON,
Qual i tied A d in i n ist rat or.
Ornngehurg, S. C, July JJrd, 1875.
july 10 1S75 1 in.
, PlllCE REDUCED
FROM $1.00 TO
50 Cents Per Box
TO MEET TUB DEMAND FUR A SAKE
Fever and Ague Antidote
AT A. PRICE
WITHIN THE REACH OF ALL.
NEVER KNOWN TO FAIL.
Ml YSICIANS PRESCRIBE TUEM
JS&- Never was Medicine so' Deservedly
JOHN G MILNOR. THEO. A. WILBUR. JACOB J: MARTIN.
JOHN G. MILNOR &lo?l/
!WHOUESAL?E DEAJ^IiJH IN ? ; -
Dry Ooods, Fancy Groods, Clothing, Hatsj
Caps, and Sraw Goods, Ladies Trimmed
Hats, Etc., ' f -
No. 148 MEETING St., Opp. Hayno St., CHABLEBTON, S. C.
NEW YORK OFFICE, 46 WEST BROADWAY.
Prices guaranteed an LOW as any house in the city, and Terms, to .responsible
houses an accommodating.
Ordern will meet our prompt and careful attention. 1
aug 1875 2m
D. F. FLEMING. JAMES M. WILSON. JAMES UILFILL1N.
We have received, and are now opening, a LARGE and NEW STOCK of
BOOTS, SHOES, and TRUNKS.
FOR FALL TRA.DE.
ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED, and all Goods with our BRAND
D. F. FLMlNG & CO.,
Wholesale Dealers in and Manufacturers of
boots, shoes and trunks,
No. 3 MAINE STREET, Cor. ofClinrcIi Street,
CHARLESTON, S. O.
aug 14 1875 2m
DR J. G. WAN MAKER & CO,
Will be pie ased to seojtheir friends and the publio generally al
Next door West of T. KOHN A BRO.
The Carolina Star Cotton
The Undersigned are prepared to bcII
County Rights, Township Right* and Farm
Rights for the ahove Press, which is the
Best and ( heapest Press that has ever been
offered to the public, it can be built for
fifty Dollars, and will last longer, and pack
more Cotton with more ease, than any other
Screw in the world, one man can very easily
pack 750lbs of Cotton with it, it can be
worked cither by band, or horse power, or
steam. Call and examino tho Press, and
purchase a Farm Right.
FARM RIGHT . $25
TOWNSHIP RIGUT . $150.
Yf S. LEWIS & CO.
Vances Ferry, S. C.
The State of South Carolina,
In Common Pleas.
E. Rosa C. fjliveros, widow and"
Executor of the will of
Eeidro J. Oliveros, deceased,
Clifford Oliveros, Ella Rosa Oli
ros, Nina Ferdinand Oliveros
and Bnrtolo Oliveros and Thom
as W. Glover, Defendants.
Pursuant to the order of the mid Court,
the creditor of the said Esidro J. Oliveros
arc hereby notified to present and prove
their several and respective demand before
Charles B- (Hover, Esquire, Referee, at
Orangeburg, South Carolina, oil or before
the first day of September, A. D. 1875, and
that they are enjoined from proceeding in
?eparate * suits against the plaintiff, and arc
required to present and prove their respec
tive claims before sind Referee in this
action, or he debarred payment,
GEO. BO LIVER,
C. C. P.
Notice of Dissolution.
~ There having been a dissolution by mu
tual consent, of the Copartnership hereto
fore existing at this place under the firm
name of W. P. DUKES & Bro. All
parties 'indebted to the late firm, arc here
by notified that the Hooks of the firm are in
the hands of W. P. DUKES at the old
stand, and all parties are requested to make
prompt payment to him, as the business has
to he closed.
Rowes Pump 8. C, June 2Slh 1875.
W. P. DUKES,
T. C. DUKES,
july ?1 1875 Om
TUE SAVANNAH M0KN1NG NEWS
Is generally recognized as (he trading
Democratic paper in Georgia. This distinc
tion is the result of the promptness with
which it has defended the South and her
people, and of the vigor and thoughtfohieM
with which questions of public polier have
been discussed in ita columns. The Mous
ing News is not an organ; it is an independ
ent Democratic paper of the most pro
nounced stripe, and it lose? no opportunity
to advance and advocate the principles of
government held and propounded by the
fathers of the Republic. In regard to news,
the Morning Nswg makes specialty of
South Carolina, Georgia and Florida affairs,
the latest market reports, telegrams from all
purta of the world, nn?* fresh correspond
ence from all quarters of the South. Price,
$10 for 12 months; $5 for 6 months.
^ $ ONLY ; ONE DOLLAR U r
The Savannah Weekly Morning News
Will be aent to any addreM six months
for One Dollar. This ib one of the eheapett
vxtklitf published. '? It is not a blanket sheet
in which all sorts of matter is promiscuously
thrown. It is a neatly-printed four-pago
paper, compactly made up, and edited with
great care. Mothing of a dull or heavy
character is admitted into the columns of the
Weekly. It ia an elaborately compiled
compendium of the best things that appear
in tho Daily Newb. The telegraphic dio
!Pitches of the week arc re-edited and caro
ully weeded of everything that is not strict
ly of a ne ws character. It also contains full
reports of the markets; thus, those who have
not the advantngo of a daily mail, can get
all the news, for six months, by Bending
One Dollnr to the pnblisher; or for one year
by sending Two Dollars..
The Tki-Wkkkly News ha* the same
features bb the Daily News. Price, $6 for
12 months; $3 for 6 months.
Money for either paper can be sent by P.
0. order, registered letter or Express, at
Tho Morning News Printing Office
Is the largest in the State. Every di?
cription of Printing done at the shortest
notice. Plank Books of all kinds made to
order. Hook Minding and Ruling executed
with dispatch. Estimates foi work promptly
Address all letters, J.II.ESTILL, Savan
ORANGEBURG, S. C.
This HOUSE is now open for the recep
tion of BOA UDERS. GUESTS well taken
care of. The TABLE amply supplied, and
a HACK meeting each train at the Depot.
may 29 1875 ly