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TWO DOLLARS PER ANNUM, y GOD .A.jsti) OTXR COTJjSTT:RY. ALWAYS IN ADVANCE.
VOLUME 10. SATURDAY MORNING, APRIL 1, 18T6. NUMBERT~
EFRANK COE'fl AMMONIATED
. BONE SUPERPHOSPHATE,
Having been appointed Sole Agent for
this State for the sale of the above old and
well known FERTILIZER, we shall al
ways keep a full supply on hand. Orders
entrusted to our care shall meet with
The merits of this Fertilizer arc too well
knewn and appreciated to require a more
fextended notice. We will only state that
each consignment is subject to the severest
Analysis, and that the original standard is
fully maintained. Dr II. PINCKNEY is
bur travelling Agent, and any communica
tions to us through him shall have every
care and dispatch.
3 Commercial Wharf, Charleston, S. C.
feb 12 3m
gharlss s. bull
ATTORNEY AT LAW
U. S. COM MISSION ER
Crangeburg, S. C.
oct 23 tf
Dr. J. O. WANNAMAKEIl is in pos
Bennien of the Receipts and Prescription
Books of the late Dr. E. J. Olivcros. All
persans desiring to get any of the above
Preparations or Renewal of Prescriptions
can do so by calling on
Dr. WANNA MAKER,
At his Drug Store.
GKO. S. SHilvKR,
XiR< CERIES, FINE WINKS, &c.
Agent for P.arlon's Planter, Avery's Plows,
and all kinds of Agrieuhural
At New Brick Store next lo Duke's Drug
Htote. sept 2??Gin
I)K. IS. .1. MUCki Nl'iJ?'X
Having entirely Recovered from bis ?|ek
iifris, can be found at his O'.'TTCK over
Cnpt. J. A. Hamiiton's Store, where he .w.UJ
-W'glao. to j SEE hi* Fit I KNt)S and th~e"
1IIEA1' CS I; A NO.
$10 PER TON.
'Phis til.'ANO was oflcrid at the close ol
btt-t r-eaxoi. Si.me ."!<! ? tons .-old "ii its own
hicru* per analysis ??t 1 ruf. Hiepard. As
far as btiird from ihc r> suits of its appli.a
lion have luen faverahle. To dys? tile
ba'am-v of lite cargo, 1 offer it at $10 per ton
va?li. put up in new hags of 200 | ounds.
.1. N. I.OISON,
68 Fast Bay, I and 2 Atlantic Vt barf,
Charleston, S. C.
jan 8 ."tu.
The C ordial Italia of Nyriciiiu
and Toil Hi 1'ilta.
However obscure the cause may be which
bentributf! to render nervous debility a
?Immsc so prevalent, a fleeting, as it does,
taoarlv one-half of our adult population, it
Is a melancholy fact that day by day, and
year by year, we witness a most frightful in
erease of nervous a fleet ions from the slight
est neuralgia to the more grave and
extreme forms of
tn characterized by a general languor or
"weakness of the whole organism, especially
of the nervous system, obstructing and pre
venting the ordinary functions ofliaturc;
hence there is a disordered state of the
Recretions; constipation, scanty and high
colored urine, with an excess of cart by or
lime sediment, indicative of waste of brain
and nerve substance, frequent palpitations
of the heart, loss of memory and marked
irresolution of purpose, ami inability to
carry into action any well-defined business
enterprise, or to fix the mind upon any One
thing at a time. There is great sensitive
ness to impress, though retained but a short
time, witll a flickering and fluttering condi
tion of the mental faculties, rendering an
individual what is commonly called a
whifllc-minded or flick le-nun< led man.
This condition of the individual, distress
ing as it is, may with a certainty be cured by
THE CORDIAL BALM OF SYRICUM
AND LOTHROP'S TONIC PILLS,
Medicines unrivaled for their wonderful
properties and remarkable cures of all Ner
vous Complaints. Thcircflica?y is equally
frrcat in the treatment and cure of Cancers,
Nodes, Ulcers. Pustule, Pimples, Tetter,
Fever, Sores, Ringworm, Erysipelas, Scald
head. Barbers' Itch, Scurvy, Salt Rhrum,
Copper-Colored Blotches, Glandul?r Swell
ings, Worms and Black Spots in the Flesh,
Hiscolorations, Ulcers in the Throat, Mouth
and iv'ose, Sore Legs, and Sores of every
character, because these medicines are the
Ever placed before the people, ami are war
ranted to he the most powcrfull Alterative
ever originated by man, removing Morbid
Sensibility, Depression of Spirits, Dementia
fifty* Sold by all Druggists, and will be sent
by cxprcHftto all parts of the country qv ad
dressing tbe proprietor, O. EDOAR
LOTHROP, M. D? 148 Court street, Boston,
MaM., who may be consulted free of charge
eithor personally or by mail. Send 25 cents
and get a copy of his Rook on Nervous
?.ng 14 1875 Jy
An Important Decision.
Tiie following is the opinion of the
Supreme Court of this State in the
case of the Homestead Building ami
Loan Association vs. Enslow, in
which it was held that a party could
not claim a Homestead exemption as
against a mortg ge :
SUPREME COURT?NOVEMBER TERM?
Homestead 'Building and Loan Associa
tion, vs. J. A. Enslow, Respondent,
and C. Ii. L. Association, et. al.
Apjwllant?Opinion?Witlard, A. J.
The defendant Euslow, the head of
a family, residing within this Stale,
mortgaged in 1871 the premises on
which he resided with his family.
The premises appear to be such as
might he considered a family home
stead within the sense of the Consti
tution allowing exemption from cer
tain process, as "gainst premises so
held and occupied. These premises
have been sold under a decree fore
closing such mortgage, and a portion
of the purchase money arising from
such sale is held tinder a decree of the
Circuit Court ascertaining that the
defendant Enslow is entitled to the
same in right of his claim to home
stead exemption as against his mort
gage of said premises.
The appeal is lrom that decree,and
alledgcs that the homestead right can
not be asserted as against the inert
gage made by Enslow.
There is no doubt but that Enslow
could make a valid mortgage. A
homestead had never been actually
The homestead provisions do not in
terms prevent the owner of laudsfrohi
mortgngill ? them. Such an intent
cannot be enforced as against the com
mon law right of dominion unless it
is found io be essential to the operation ,
of the homestead provisions as it re
gards the specific object of tbuse pro
All (lint the Constitution seeks to
accomplish is to prevent premises
so uiiJ OccUp.vcv', ('???<iji Womiji sub
jeetcd to proccsjj for the purpose oi
enlorcing obligations of a certain
cbniacter. Art. .2, Sec 32. ,??<
^-^UorV^gritijfnlT.niioion of ihe owner
of amis, including the power to lieu or
i neu ml cr, is not., either directly pi*
indirectly, ihe subject, of ibis pi 6
vision. The whole lorcc of, the consti
tutional provision is expended in pic
venting inter fere ice in certain cases
will? ihat provision;
'lie Statutes, in pursuance of this
(dame of the Constitution,do not en
large the nature or operation oftne
homestead provision of the Constitu
tion. Whether the Legislature had
not the right to extend the measure of
relief afforded to the beiuls of fami
lies by the section above cited, under
a mere general grtilit-of:Legislative
authority conferred by See. 20, 1st of
the Constitution, need not be con
sidered at this time, for no su< h exer
cise of authority beyond the. terms of
Sec. 132, Art. 2. has been attempted.
The Statutes (G?ll. Statutes -174)
merely provhks specific means for
accomplishieg that which constituted
the end and purpose of the constitu
tion as contained in Sec. 32, Art. 2.
il ltd the mortgagee obtained
possession of the mortgaged premises
otherwise than by proceedings for
their sale, cither under authority con
ferred by law or the con tract of die
parties, on the mortgagee, no question
under the Constitution affecting the
rightiuIness of that posses: ion could
ha ve a risen.
It remains then, only; to consider
whether a judicial sale for the fore
closure of the piortgage is embraced
under this discriptiou ''attachment,
levy or sale on any mesiie or final
process issiud from any court'* con
tained in Sec. 32, Art. 2.
The portion of that section involved
in the present const ruction is as
follows: "The family homestead of
the. head of each family residing in
this State, such homestead oonsi.-ting
of dwelling house, out buildings and
lands appurtenant, not to exceed the
value of one thousand dollars, and
yearly product thereof, shall l>c
exempt from attachment, levy or sale
on any mesne or final process issued
from any Court."
It is obvious (hat process issued to
enforce a judgment or decree, for the
payme t of money, ami which may
be enforced against the whole estate
of i he judgment debtor is here intend
ed. To extend the sense of the Con
stitution as demanded by the respond
ent Enslow would be equivalent to
holding that no judgment nor order
of any Court could bind such a home
stead so as to disturb the possession of
the occupant. This is manifestly be
yond the intention of the < (institution.
It is noticeable that the exemption
conferred by the Constitution is not
limited in terms to the bead of a
family holding premises, occupied as
a family homestead, by rightful title.
Ncr can this be regarded as an in
tentional omission, if the object of the
Constitution was merely to shield the
possession of the family homestead
against creditors having only a
general right to subject the lands of
their debtors to their judgments; fir
as against judgment creditors at large
there is as much reason for protecting
a homestead held by a defective title
as onu held by good title. But the
whole sense of the Constitution would
have to be changed, if we are to sup
pose that no judgmenl or order of any
Court could become the means of
ousting the possession of the head of
the family, for that construction would
necessarily include a judgment re
covered by one having good title to the
premises against one holding under a
If wc attempt to meet this difficulty
by interpolating words in the Cotisti
tution, confining the right of exemp
tion to cases where the person claim
ing such exemption holds by rightful
title, then wo disturb th s provisions
and deprive the in of their obvious
fitness, as they stand, to provide pro
tection ngainst judgment creditors
having no other right to the hind
than that arising from the operation
of process issued to enforce a money
judgment or decrc.
The view just presented is confor
mable to what was said by the Court
in Shelor vs. Nason (2 S. C 238.)
The sale for foreclosure was not
forbidden by the Constitution as it re
gards the homestead in question, arid
the mortgagor has no right to claim
any part of the proceeds of sale, by
reason of the allcdged occupation o!'
the mortgaged premises a? a family
The judgment bclew must he modi
fied accordingly. ?
The opinion eoncuired in by Chici
Justice Moses stud Associate Justice
Romance of a Ring.
Fomc time ago a wealthy young
gentleman of Washington was engag
ed Jo be married to a beautiful belle
of Morgantown, ofVthis/f t?te; and a
bni'imVil ''^.vuety wedding" was look
ed forward to' by iVii-frit uds of both
parties, particularly the young bujy.
intimates of the prospective bride.
Hut the course of trite love was true to
the proverb about true love in gen er
a', anil about, a month ago the engage
ment was broken oil', Low or why does
not. concern this story, though the
whole a (fair may possibly ho rudely
dragged before tbu public by unro
man tie lawyers, and lor no fault?in
less carelessness is a crime?of either
of the parties. Of course, her engage
ment broken j the young lady quickly
scut hack her ring, and the quickest
way she could think of was by mail,
so by mail it went?that is, it started
from Morgantown, but never t ouched
Washington. The gentleman made
no inquiries about it, and but for a
train of events that couldn't possibly
have been arranged by chance, might
have gone, on thiuking that his former
fiancee was mercenary enough to hold
on to the magnificent ring that had
been a token of lier loyalty to him.
.But the mysterious destiny that sin pes
our ends ordered it otherwise. A few
weeks ago one of the Morgantown
young lady's friends saw the ring oh
the hand of a lady in the same town,
who was not acquainted with the first
named, afuj " consequently did not
know the ring nor its history Investi
gation was at once begun, and a few
(lays' lime and very litth: trouble
traced the ring to a clerk in the Fair
moot post-office, w ho, it is alleged, had
stolen it from the mail, loaned it to a
gentleman friend at Mannington, who
made it do duty as an engagement
ring for his fiancee in A [organ town I
The Fairmont post-office clerk was
arrested by tho government oflicials
and will he tried in the United .States
District Court at l'arkersbtirg some
tiihe during this month. To the trial
of lli'o post-office clerk will be sum
moned the young lady who "sent back
the ring," and possibly all parties
connected with it, including the Man
nington gc:illcvinn and his fiancee
Should the question of the ownership
of the ring conic up, it will prove a
knotty one. To whom does or did the
ring belong at the time of its loss ?
The case will be an interesting oho at
all events, and highly so if it should
ho necessary t? prove, the ownership
of the alleged stolen property,?
Wheeling ( If. InteHiyenccr.
Be cheerful, contented and lrhi
fi cart cd. Always remember that there
arc others whose troubles arc greater
tliah yours. In the family circle
show the sunny side of your nature.
Don't go around complaining, miser
able and unhappy. It is too much
like the uncomfortable custom of the
ancient Kgyptiuns, who novcr gave a
feast without a skeleton in full view,
that they might not forget their
Capital punishment?Hanging on
the neck of a pretty girl.
A Shower of Flesh.
Description of a Remarkable
Phenomenon in Kentucky.
Louisville, Ky., March 10,
1870.?On Friday lasta most remark
able phenomenon occurred tit a point
in Bath county, Ky., two miles i'rom
Mud Lick Springs. At the time, two
p. in., the heavens were bright, the
sun was shining, and oidy a lew float
ing clouds were visible. Suddenly
there appeared a light cloud over the
larm ol Air. Crouch, which seemed
descending upon the earth. It hung
overhead a few biief moments and
then flukes of something white fell to
earth. The full con tilted ten minutes.
Men and women (hen went out and
examined the flakes, and discovered
them to be flosh, resembling mutton.
When picked up they quivered. A
space 200 by 100 yards in extent was
covered, and a number of trees,
fences, &c, were also full of the
strange .substance. Stains like t'x se
produced by blood in its secondary
condition marked spots where the
Hakes bad touched.
Drove? of chickens and bogs swarm
cd aiound the place und ate the flesh
with great gusto. The inhabitants
for miles around came for several
days after and collected specimens.
Hundreds are willing to testify by
affidavit! to the truth of the entire
Professor J. Lawrence Smith, a
scientist^ says the substance is of an
animal nature. When the flakes tell
they \vtirc from the size of a pea to
that of a human finger, and an eighth
of an inch in thickness, and of the
color of flesh. They have since as
sumed a dull red and white hue, and
arc somewhat withered. A butcher
ate one' flakG and pronounced it very
palatable, but was unable io say what
kind of, an animal the flesh came
from. The inhabitants of the locality
where ihe phenomenon occurred, nj
proached the flesh with superstitious
awe, aud,at first would not touch it.
_n-?>??? ?? ?
"Mamma," said a thoughtful young
ster tb?: other day., "hoiy.old shall 1
^Sm^S0j^^? "Sir/my sv.tv; if
you live." "Well, suppose I don't
live, caii't I go right on having birth
days like George Washington ?"
There are some older boys who would
like to have their birthdaysi "go right
A FLORAL FAIR
03ANGEBURG AGRICULTURAL AND
Will he held at Orangoburg in the P.uihl
ing May the Dili 187(5, at which time
Prcmimus will ho awarded to successful
competitors as follows :
For the largest and best collection of
Green House Planta hy one person.
For the second best collection of the
For the best collection of Zonale Gerari
For the host collection of lVlargoruims.
For tho best collection of Koses (cut
For the beat collection of Aritorn.
For the best collection of Fuchias.
For the liest collection of a Zalcas.
For the best collection of Pansics.
For the best collection of Native Wild
For the best collection of Vegetables, by
For the second best collection of the
l'rciniunins will not be awarded unleis
there be a fair competition.
For further particular-, apply to
Secret a ry.
mar 11 2in
(2>5 TO $20 PK It DAY A T
Home. Samples worth $1 fr?e. St bison
!i Co., Portland, Maine.
'J?e. to ?. P. UOWKMi?lMj.,
New York, for Pamphlet of 100 pagos,
containing lists of 3U00 newspapers, and and
estimates allowing cost of nil vert Ising.
it ilny at home. Agent? wanted;
W> Outfit and terms free. TKU1C & I'll.,
mar 11 1R70 ly
C( > M I NO ?I will have on Wednes
day next, sixteen of tho finest
HORSES ever oflercd lor Sale in this
market. Also ten or twelve No. 1. MULES.
Now is the time for buyers to give nie a
call, Terms moderate.
ED WAKED F. SLATBK;
mar U * tf
I?STRAY SAI.K-The following
Cattle haying been delivered to me as
estray, will be sold at Joseph Johnson's
place, Middle Township, at public outcry,
on-the usual terms, on 20th day of April
next. One Black, Hriudle Oow a nd Cal f,
One IJlack Cow, On? lied Heifer, Ono Rod
Hull, Yearling. Said eslrays can be seen at
Joseph Johnson'B plaec.
J. P. M. FOURKS,
feb 26 Srn
U. S. INTERNAL REVENUE
May I, 1870, to April :iO, 1877.
The Revised Statutes df the United
Stales. Sections 3232, l\TM, :;2.??s, and :>23ty
require every person engaged in any busi
ness, avocation, or em ploy men t which
render.') hi in liahlcto a Special Tax, to pro
cure and place conspicuously in his estab
lishment or place of business a Stamp de
noting the payment of-aid Spc.-ial Tax for ;
the Special Tax year beginning .May, I, |
187t), before cotiuiieneing or continuing
businessaftbr April."0, 1870.
The Taxes embraced within tin- Pro*
visions of the Law above quoted are the
Rectifier* $200 00.
Dealers, retail liijuor $2") 00.
Dealers, wholesale liquor $100 00.
Dealers, in malt liquors, wholesale S?O
Dealers in mall iiqiiors, retail $20 00.
Dealer.-, in leaftobacco $25 00.
Hetail dealers in leaf.tobacco$000 00.
Anil on sales nf over $1,000, lifiy cents for
every dollar in excess of $ 1,0UU.
D. alcrs in manufactured tobacco $5 00.
Manufacturers of stills JJt.'jO 00. And for
each still manufactured $20 00. And for
each worm manufactured $20 00.
Manufacturers of tobacco $10 00.
Manufacturers of cigars $1.0 00.
Peddlers of tobacco, first class (more (ban
two horses or other animal-) $?0 00
Peddlers of tobacco, second class (two
horses or other animals) $25 00.
Peddlers of tobacco, third class (one
horse or other animal) $1) U0
Peddlers of tobacco, fourth class (on foot
or public conveyance) $10 tit);
Brewers of less than 500 hundred barrels
Brewers of 00.) barrel.) or ninre $100 00.
Any person, so liable, who shall fail to
comply with the foregoing requirements
will be subject to severe penalties.
Persons or firms liable to pay any pt the
Special 'Paxes named above must apply to
A- RANSIF.R, Collector of Internal
Revenue at Charleston, those in Orangebuig
and Barn well Comities to P. V. D1BHLK,
Deputy Collector at Orangeburg, S. C,
ami pay for and procure the Special-Tax
Stamp or Stamp" they need, prior to May 1,
1870, and without further notice.
1). 1). PRATT, .
Commissioner of Internal Revenue.
Ofi'uv of Internal Revenue, Washington,
D. C, February 1, 1S7<>.
mar 2<1 4t
Encourage Home People
I rO^fe KN u?.E UPRISE
C^EORGiKE s. hacker
CJliMi'lcfiioii, S. C ).
DOORS, SASH A HIJMLS
The only 1)00?, SASH and BLIND
Factory owned ahdmanagod by a Carolin
ian in this City. All work guaranteed.
Alwavs on hand a l?ge Stock of DOORS,
SASH, "BLINDS, MOULDINGS, Scroll
and Turned Work of cverv description.
(Has--, White Leads, and Builders' Hard
ware, Dressed Lumber and Flooring
delivered in any pan of ibis -State.
jan 22 ly
Not it'O of I Mssolut ion.
The limited Partnership entered Into on
the Thirteenth day of OctobcryA. D.TS7?,
by Joab W, Moseley, as general Partner
and Sarach K. Tel in, as special Partner,
trading under the firm name of Joab IV.
Moselcy. The certificate whereof is record
ed in the oflice of the Register of Mcjtuc
Conveyance for Omngeburg County afore
said in Look No. I I, pages l">, -152, 4?!lj has
been ibis day dissolved by mutural convent
and notice of this dissolution has been duly
tiled ami recorded in the said office.
Orangcburg. S. (.'., Feb. ISth IS7t?.
J. W. MOSKLKY,
SARAH K. T?RIN,
feb 19 3m
A. M. Snider. L. S. WOLFE
j?-^V" Office open nt all times.
A KT II UK If. LEWI.V
DERMAT0L1CIST AND PRACTICAL
If you want a good and easy Shave or an
Artistic Hair Chi or a delightful Shampoo,
A KT II UK II. LEWIS'S
Hair Cutting Rooms, No. 3 Law Range
opposite Court House Square.
ffcti?" Special attention paid to Children
I Hair Cutting. Extra Rooms for Ljdic*.
Kept! 1S<'<> ly
TO THE REAR
A. FISCH Kit'? 3TOKE
Where T sun prepared to serve the Public
at the shortest notice in my line of business.
Thanking the Citizens for their liberal
patronage in the past, I beg a continuance of
the same in the future.
MOS KS M. BROWN, Barbar.
COL, ASBURY -COWARD
A lull corn"aVlo'Profaasorp. il ,.
Cknnploto outfit oC -Anna, nparntua otn. ftrr MOMM
jnu-nlol and physical trnlni&g. Itwnlionni/edX8r
JuTolUJUnoBaaiui poflacsBmg railroad and trfc^?*
dec 11 1S75 tf
3lO BERT JENNY.
Importer and Manufacturer
HARNESS & SADDLES.
Has the pleasure to inform the Public
that he has Received a heavy Stock from
the North of every description what belongs
to a first class Saddlery Establishment.
Also wish to draw particular attention to
his Stock of
LADIES RIDING SADDLES
and Iiis assortment of
Prices lower then ever.
Good Saddles at $3.50.
(iood Shoes at $1.75
Book ! Stationery I Musio!
A lot bf WINDOW .SHADES. nf jjn 1m
pYo\%rPat*i\tr being* he?ly simple in~ptfff~~"
ting up, durable and CHKA1' In price.
Lamps, Chimneys and Lamp Fixtures
always ou hand.
SOLE AUEXT FOR THE
Celebrated WATT PLOW and Casting?,
which I sell at Manufacturer's
Prices, with freight
One Horse A and li.$G 00
Two Horst M and N. 9 00
Castings.?.7c per lb.
Instil mice and Collections prompt
ly attended to.
Liverpool, London and Globo Insurance Co.
Georgia Home Insurance Co.
Mauhatten Life insurance Co.
oct 2 3q
CORN TO ARRIVE.
300 Bushels of Prime Western
Corn in Sacks
and will be sold low. Orders received
lor the same to be delivered at Depot
or from Store.
SUGARS AND COPEES
DOWN IN PRICE
at Store of
JOHN A. HAMILTON,
Next to Court House on Market St.
CH ARLESTON, S. C.
Soluble CJUIUIO?(Available Bono
Phosphate of Lime 18-53 per cent. Am
monia 3-1-1 per cent.) April 1st, $14, Nov.
1st, $00. Cotton Option, Middlings at 15
Ac hl "PhosplmlC?(Available Bone
Phosphate of Lime, 22-18 per'cent.) April
Isl, $28; Nov. 1st, $33; Cotton option $45.
Aipocitll Htites to Grangers on cash
For particulars apply to
IS. V. Wllllnms, Treasurer,
Charleston, S. C,
Or to C. D. Kortiohn, Orangebiirg, S. C4
W. P. Cain & Co.," Lewis villo, 8. C., W. 8,
L'tscv, George's, S. 0.
tan 22 187G 3m
JUST RECEVIED FROM
?. LANDRBTH & SON
E. E. KZEKIEL,
jsn 1 tf