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IN isws A-, rT j KS.
ltfSCfciJ f vi:i:v s.\tcujm v AimtM.su av Tliia
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^ S?TURDAY,~fFbR??RY 1o~ 1877. ~
"We have heard numerous threats
made lately hy imprudent colored men
that there is no law, and that they
intend to do as they please. Indeed,
the conduct in many instances of
some 61' these people would lead one
to 11 IW'.ve that they are fully i in press
ed with the idea that there is no pow
er to arrest and punish them for
crime, and I hat they have no
fpecial objection to a conflict with the
Is'ow we take this method of inform
ing all such evil disposed persons that
they are laboring under a grave
mistake, and that the sooner they dis
abuse their minds of it, the better it
will be for them in the end.
There is law in ?South Carolina,
and those who defy it now will reap
the lull penalty of their lawlessness
in a day to come. Retribution swift
and sure will fall upon every one of
them. The utter disregard which
Chamberlain has shown of law, de
cency, and honor, has had the effect
of inducing his followers to pur
sue his footsteps. Let these misguid
ed pei sons take care that they do not
go too far! It is true that the ma
chinery of government is somewhat
confused and uncertain, but there re
mains fur all that a correcting power
with the people which they will not
bestitate to exercise for the purpose of
overthrowing lawlessness and for the
protection of society. We hope that
no such occasion as the one we have
reference to will ever arise, but should
an issue be forced upon tho people,
let those on the side of law aud order
resolve uow that they will do their
duty in such an emergency. And in
crushing the hydra-bead of resistance
to law, let the ignorant, who may be
egged ou by their leaders, be spared
if possible. The public will catch
our meaning. There are sonic tall
poppies who carry very erect heads in
time of peace. It is to be hoped if
their baleful teachings should bring
about nu issue, that these men
will meet it squarely and not slink to
the rear and leave the:r dupes in the
teeth of danger.
We have previously said that we
disliked the Electoral IiiII because
Grabt gave it out 1 efore its passage
that lid approved heartily of its pro
visions, and would give it his signa
ture as soon as it goi into Iii-- hands.
Our opinion was and in that (he
present ruler of this Country would
give his Fane I ion to nothing that
would benefit, in the remotest degree,
the si.flcring interests of the South.
Grant wants Hayes to succeed him;
and to that end he is directing nil his
energies. If he hud not been con
vinced that his desires would find,
their consummation in the tripartite
tribunal, created by the. Compromise
Bill; lie would have vetoed it along
with the act abolishing tho Police
Board at Washington.
Tho first decision of any note
made by the Commission is a direct,
thrust at TiMen's prospects, and
should prepare us for the reception of
more startling and revolutionary in
telligence. By a strict party vote
the tribunal decided not to go behind
the returns, thus smothering the truth
in relation to the infamies of the Re
Ii ruing JJonrils of Florida, Louisiana
und Suillh Carolina. The certifi
cates given to the Hayes Electors by
these godless boards aro to be respec
ted by the Commission as the voice
of the people, and the certificates of
the T?den Electors thrown out and
We confess frankly that the fu
ture is not all sunshine. Unprinci
pled knaves and devils are at the
head of affairs, and they are holding
on to the helm of Government with
a remorsel ess grip.
- i i.I- ? - ? ?
The members of the City Council
of Columbia recently voted increased
salaries to the Mayor. Clerk, Chief of
Police, etc., for which act'th^y were
justly criticised by the Register. May
or Agncw looses his temper in con
sequence, flies into print, and indul
ges in disgraceful flings at our con
temporary. All riglit thinking citi
zens will agree with the Register that
now is not a good time to raise sala
ries, and will unite in one voice in
condemning the coarse and vulgar
attack made upon the Register Pub
lishing Company by the Mayor of
Was Carpenter's Docision made to
We dislike to question the houesty
of a Judge upon tho Bench. Such an
officer should be above suspicion, and
his every net a living, spcakieg il
lustration of honor and truth. But
unfortunately for Judge Carpenter
his career in South Carolina has not
been of such a character as to com
mend him to the good opinion of our
people. Finn in nothing, except iu
bis inordinate love of office, irritable
and quick-tempered, he has not
achieved for himself a reputation
impervious to criticism, or a name
above censure or reproach. It is
therefore that the people take issue
with his recent decision in the
ficabcas corpus case of Smith. And
they have just cause for it! Who
ever heard of a Judge giving out to
one side of a case before him what bis
opinion would be three weeks before
the rendering of such decision? We
do not lay this charge exactly at
Judge Carpenters' door; but we do
assert that his opinion was heralded
over the country one month ago.
What C hambt rlain's satellitesdn this
county said it would be, it is, which
is suggestive of this portincnt inquiry:
If Judge Carpenter did not make his
decision to order, how did the nature
of it become known to tho Republi
cans a day or two after the hearing
of the case ? Until an explanation
of this mystery is made, we shall en
tertain, reluctantly however, the
opinion that Judge Carpenter's fight
against Chamberlain was a mere sham,
and that he is as veritable a tool of
his qu nudnni Excellency as the hum
blest member of tho State con stub la
Working Land On Sharos.
Working land on shares seems to
a poor business for both parties. It
is to the interest of the tenant to
spend as little for extra labor as pos
sible, because the Owner of the land
gels half the benefit, without bearing
any of the expense. When the
country was now and the land rich, a
man could, perhaps, aflord to give
half the products, as he could get fair
crops with little labor; but now that
the land is more or less, run down,
and it is necessary to build it up with
manure and good culture, it is impos
sible for a man to expend the ii2ccs
stiry labor and give half the produce
for rent. It may bo done for a year
or two on land in high condition; but
the farm must inevitably deteriorate
under tho system. A man might
afford to rent a grass farm on sharos,
but not an arable farm. It is diffi
cult to take one of our ordinary run
down farms and raise enough from it,
for the first few years, to pay the cost
of labor and support Ibc teams. It
would be cheaper, so far as immediate
profit is concerned, to pay twenty-five
dollarp an acre for a farm in high con
dition, with good buildings and fen
ces, than to accept as a gift one of
these run-down farms. It is time this
matter was understood, so that those
uneasy mortals who are always ex- j
pectiag to sell, and consequently
make no efforts to keep up and im
prove the laud, should bo compell
ed to turn over a new leaf, or else dis
pose of their farms at a low figure.
How Each Side Presents Its
The National Democratic Com
mittee have placed the entire manage
ment of air. Titdon's case before the
commission in the hands of Judge
Black, Charles O'Conuor, with whom
nro associated Lyman Trumbull,
Matt. II. Carpenter, as nssistaut
counsel, with Judge Campbell, of
New Orleans, Ben. Butler, and
numerous other distinguished lawyers
as advisory counsel. In addition
there is be a small army of attor
neys, who will assist in the prepara
tion of the Florida and Louisiana
cases. The Republicans have selec
ted William M. Evarts and Bob
Ingeisoll ns their principal counsel,
with Stougbton, of New York, and
others less known to fame, as assistant
and advisory counsel. There is no
difficulty in the way of the Republi
cans fighting the case on its merits.
The law provides that the party
'objecting to the counting of the vote
I of a State shall assign tho reasons
j therefore. In this way the Democrats
can readily get in all their testimouy
in regard to Florida and Louisiana,
but the Republicans can only come
in under Ihe ruling of the commission.
They will first combat the power of
the commission to go behind the re
turns. Therefore, the first thing the
commission will have to do after
organizing is to adopt rides and regu
lations for its government; then, when
the Florida case is reached and the
issue presented to the commission, the
arguments on the jurisdiction of the
body will follow. This question will
have to be passed upon belorc the
ense proceeds further. The Republi
cans will, of course, contend that it
cannot po behind the returns, and
that it is excluded from going further
than the regular certificates of the re
cognized certifying authorities in the
different States. If this point is de
cided against them, they will give up
the fight and make only a pro / or ma
contest thereafter. Feb. 2nd.
When fruit docs harm it is because
it is eaten at improper times, in im
proper quantities, or before it is ripen
ed and fit for the human stomach. A
distinguished physician lias said that;
if his patients would make a practice
of eating a couple of good orangos be
fore breakfast, from February to
June, his practice would be gone.
The principal evil is that we do not
cat enough of fruit; that we injure its
finer qualities with sugar; that we
down them in cream. We need the
medicinal action of the pure fruit
acids in our system, and their cooling,
Washington, Feb. 3.?The elec
toral commission met today. The
Court allowed counsel to file the evi
dence in qucftion. Reccp.'.on to he
decided hereafter. Two hours allow
ed discussion .whether the commission
shall confine itself to matters laid be
fore it, by the President of Senate in
tho preliminary struggle. The Re
publicans argue to confine Democrats
to enlarge the scope of investigation.
Washington, F'eb. 3.?Transfer
of troops hence to Fortress Monroe
Washington, Feb. 3.?Before the
committee on powers and privileges,
Daniel W. Dowens, elector from
Wisconsin, stated that ho did not
think Examining Surgeon of Pension
j office disqualified him; he held that
position when elected and when he
vi/tcd for Hayes; ofiio: al lee, two dol
lars in each case.
Maddox produced a letter address
ed to Hon. J. It. West, scaled, and
another addressed to himself. They
were in an envelope addressed to
Maddox by Judge A. Wilder, and
had been in custody of Coli Jack
Wharton, Adjutant Genera) of Louis
iana, under Kellogg.
Committee sent for Senator West,
who will open his letter in presence of
New Orleans, Nov. 20, 1876.?
To J. If. Maddox, Dear Sir :?Un
derstanding the political condition of
matters here from association with
both political parties, and as a friend
of the President and a Government
officer, would it not be considered a
part of your duty to go at once to
Washington, wi h as little delay as
possible, and place before the Prcsi
dent the condition and the pending
dangcis of the situation. Should yo u
conclude upon prompt action in the
premises, allow mo to commend you
to Senator West, who is my friend,
and with whom you will freely com
municate. Very Truly,
J. Madison Wells.
Senator West appeared, and at re
quest opened a letter addressed tc him,
and immediately withdrew.
New Orlans, Nov. 21,1876.-1
regret much not seeing you when
beic. I wanted to say much to you
which would be, at least, imprudent
to put on paper. I trust, however, to
meet you in Washington as soon as
the. canvass is over, which is now upon
us. Our duties ns returning officers
have anginen ted the magnitude of I
the destiny of the two great parties,
may I not say the nation. 1 fully
comprehend the situation as well as
my duty to the greatest living Gener
al, U.S. Grant, and not with my con
sent, shall this oppressed people 0c
governed by Iiis paroled prisoners, aid
ed by their white-livered cowan.sol'
the North.' Let me, my esteemed Sir,
warn you of the danger. Millions
have been sent bore and will be used
in the interest of Tilden; and unless
some counter movement, it will be
impossible for me or an}' ? ther iiidi
vidual to arrest its productive result.
The gentleman presenting this letter
is fully a warn of the move, and if you
allow will communicate freely. See
our friends ami act promptly or the
result will be disastrous. "A hint to
the wise;" strictly private,and L'oii
fideui ial. Yours very truly,
J. M?imson VVhli?.
To J. k.*\Vest, Washington. I). C
Washington, Feb. 3.?Col. Hen
ry J. Hunt is ordered tojoiu bis regi
mcnt at Charleston, South Carolina.
Jt is alleged that Jacob Dun Her
der the Republican elector of Michi
gan, is not a ci lizen of the United
States, has been summoned by the
committee ol Powers and Privileges.
The vote in House on increasing
the President's salary to fifty thous
and dollars, was yeas 47, naya 126.
Salaries of Senators and Represcnta
tives remain unchanged.
Washington, Feb. 3.?Committee
on privil cges and elections examined
T. J. Leister, President Hinds county
Board of Registers. Leister had
furnished duplicate keys to ballot
boxes to fifteen persons; don't know
that they were used; supposed the idea
was to take out Republican and put
in Democratic ballots.
Befoie Committee on Powers and
Privileges? Senator West, on open
ing the letter, said he had never seen
it before; recognized it as Wei's' hand
writtiug, and said he recognized
Wells all through the letter.
Maddox contended bo told Gov.
Wells be had not delivered letter to
West. Weils jumped up and said he
was delighted; that letter bad troub
L.d him ever since ho wrote it. House
Louisiana Committee continued Lit
tleficld's cross examination. Nuthiug
elicited beyond elaboration in elector
nl commission. Mcrrick, Fvarls,
O'Connor and Matthews each spoke
on admission of evidence when com
mission adjourned to 10 o'clock Mon
day, when decision on this point will
Gov. Wells testified on Monday
and Tuesday, contradicting tho
charges made against him, but his
character for voracity is so bad that
he will hardly bo believed.
Tho Tcxns Tribune says, "The late
'atmospherical freshness' has brought
on many cases of Coughs and Colds,
and Dr. Bull's Cough Syrup is in
greater demand than ever,"
db-5 TO $?O PER DAY AT
Home Samples worth $1 free. Stinaon
& ?o., ror?'?ind, Mane.
SOUL?BLE PMHIC GM.
The above well known
GUANO A-SD COMPOUND ACID PHOSPHATE
is now offered for sale at the following places in this county. Consumers of
this Gunno will find it fully up to last years quality which gave such uni
versal satisfaction. For circulars and prices apply to
J3XJLI, <& SCOVILLE, Oranr?burg.
J. EE. LOKYEA, Lewisville.
"W"- JP- 1} ltIcc, Ptowesville
Et H. FROST & Co, Charleston S. C.
GEO. H. CORNELSON'S
I am receiving now one of the largest supplies of
together with all the well known BRANDS of GUANO Hand FERTIH-"
ZERS for which I nm ngent.
Am also receiving large additions to my large stock of
GROCERIES, BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, CATS, &C.
PROVISIONS AND FLOUR
which all will be
SOLD CHEAP FOE
GROUGE II CORNEL-SOW.
Is receiving all the taxes needed to keep it going and to supply wi'Ti
food the inmates of the Lunatic Asylum, Penitentiary, etc., but the question
is, will the people of this county receive supplies sufficient to do them unless)
they call on
J )NES & WANNAMAKER ? .
Times, it is true, are bird, but the noble an I star ly s>:u of 61?! Or.wig
borg county sh >uld see to it that the
Is taken care of. And to this end the above named firm is bending nfl
their enctgies. With tin abundance of Flour, Sugar, Colli e, Lard Bacon,
Hums, Canned Fruits, Meals, Oysters and barrels of Whiskey that will buhl
a Bind lor twenty lour hours, they hope to be of some service in the war
against Starvation. A cordial invitation is therefore extended to every mar.,
woman and child in the county to give them a call. It will pay.
flird" We will till all Orders for Lumber nl short notice. Leave Same at
our Store and we guarantee satisfaction wi I be rendered.
Jenes & Wa^namaksr
Government will be recognizer! at
Washingtan before long. This
cbcering news induced me to pur
chase one of the finest lot of
HORSES AND MULES
ever brought into this Market. And
as times will grow better undci the
People's Governor, I have put my
prices down, and can now accommo
date the public upon the most rea
sonable terms- No matter what style
of Horse or Mule is wanted I vouch I
can fill the hill. Call on me at my
stables at Slater's Hotel.
E. F. SLATER.
The co-partnership heretofore existing
under the firm name of ( lark & \Vtilling
hau this day been dissolved by mutual eon
Kent. W. R Chirk & Co,, will continnc
the business ami Kettle all claims against the
linn and all indebted will make payment to
St. Matthews So. Ca.
Notice of Dismissal.
Notice hi hereby given that I will fde my
final Recount with the Judge of Probate for
Orangeburg County, on the 4th day of
March 1877 arid ask for h-ttors of
Dismissal as Kexctitor of the last Will and
Testament of J; C. Kenncrly
JOSEPH A. KKNNERLP,
In the District Court of the United States
foi the Kastern District of South Carolina?
In Itankrupiey?In the matter of Thaddus
K. Sasportas, Bankrupt?Exporte John
Fisher, Trustee ct. ab
Creditors holding liens against Estate of
Thaddens K. Sasportas, Hank nipt, are re
quired to present and prove the same before
Charles B. Glover Ksq, special referee, at
Orangeb?rg S. C. on or before the first day
of March next, or be debarred payment.
By order of the Court Jan'v, :27th 1877.
P. V. DIBBLE
Assignee T. K. Sasportas, Bankrupt
Feb 3 4t.
SEND 25c. to Q. P. HO'VELL & Co.,
New York, for Phamphlet of MO pages,
containing lists of 300 newspapers, nnu
estimates showing cost of advertising.
WATCHES AND CLOCKS
On tlio Sliovtost Xot
JOHN J. HOWBIiXff,
AT THE 8TOUE OF
Ol^A^GEDUR01 s. a
All work in the above line done on the
shortest notice. Atso- Jewelry repaired.
My terms are reasonable and all work
warranted. Give mc a trial.
dec 23 " 1875 3m
Whole and half Shovel Moulds.
READY MADE TLOWS,
wlio'e and half shovel.
Onion Setts, Seed Potatoes,
Oats, Rye, Barley,
And a full supply cf
GARDEN SEEDS, FRESH.
Root Harnes,Irou Bound.
Single Trees, Ironed.
All for sale low by
J= L Hamilton
Russell Street next to Corncbon'rt.
Tho Copartnership heretofore existing
between the undersigned under the firm
name of T. Kobn & Brother is this day
dissolved by mutual consent. The business
will be continued by Therdore Kohn in his
own name and for bis own account, and be
therefore, alone, will sign the late firn*
name, in liquidation.
Orangchorg, December I-di 1876.
dec 16 3m
VOCAI. AND INSTRU
I am prepared to receive a few Pupils
moro in Vocal and Instrumental Mnric.
sep 30 tf- ?