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the tiews or opinions of our Correspotul
_ satu rda yT apATl 23, 1877.
The Chief Justiceship.
The Legislature at its present ses
sion will be called upon to elect a
Chief Justice lb fill the vacancy
caused by the death of Judge .Muses.
A number of names have been moii
trncd for the position, hut it is un
certain at this writing to say who h to
be the lucky man. Governor Hamp
ton i3 said to be in favor of the
election of Associate Justice Willlard,
and we take it for grunted that he
has good and ample rest ion j for
having a preference in the matter.
Judge Wiliard stood tip mi ifully by
the people in thier fight against
C tniberhiin and bis lliioviiigtnsso
ciates, and deserves their thanks.
That they arc grateful can be demon
etrated by making him Oiiiol Justice.
Rut in deciding in favor of Hampton
it is argued that he only did hi j duty.
Now no code of ethics has sought to
disparage vi) tue by such a rule, and
the test of merit is conceded to be the
heroism of the deed. The question
in such a case is not whether more
than duty has been done, or whether
true principle could Co loss, but
whether, in the ordinary course of
liunmu action, the performance of
duty alone was to have been ex pec led.
If not, and it be found fully dis
charged, distinguishing credit will be
awarded. As it is impossible for
man to do more than his duty, so his |
honor waits upon the degrees of per
formance, ami the highest awards
crown its completeness. The qties lion
should not be whether virtue could
have done less, but whether its
sublimest impulses could have promp*
For" these reasons wc heartily en
dorse the nomination of Judge Wil
? - mm ma* ? - . JB^OTO?"?-.
The Democratic Legislature
This body me! in the Slate Capital
building in Tuesday of this week
under the call of Governor Hampton. |
At 32 M. precisely Sneaker Wal j
lace and Clerk of the House Sloan
ascended the stand, accompanied only
by their assistant clerks. K. W. AI.
Mackcy made Iii? appearance during
the early portion of the day , but
withdrew towards noon. Neilher I
was Jones present, both of these
whorthics having sought, as they
imagined, more quiet fields in the
SenaUunl ('handier. The left of th ?
hall was occupied by the Democratic
representatives alii osl exclusively,!
while the right id the liall was solely
occupied by Ihc.members of ithc late
Miickey House., the only two white
Republicans present being Fornter
and Johnson, of Sum I er. A few
moments pasi noon Speaker Wallace
sounded the. gavel and announced
that the House of Representatives
would conic to order- The clerk then
proceeded to call (ho roll of the
Constitutional House organized and
h wo in under Speaker Wallace in
November last, the members of the
Mnckcy House remaining unnoticed
in tlicir seats. Sixty-nine names were
called, all of whom answered, Gibson
and Rird alone of the Constitutional
members being uncalled. Gibson
haying backslid cd and then resigned,
and Rird having btiokslided and
b(ii?tr iiv^rmdi-mpt. Alter prayer by
nounoed that a quorum being present
flip Ti?.:j v. :- rendy to proceed i.o
business. At this Klage of the pro
ceedings, to Iho utter astonishment of
tho ignored Mnckeyites, who had by
this lime become considerably be
wildered in the rapid unfolding 61
e vents, Mr. Shaw, of Edgolielcl, moved !
an immediale adjournment of the
House. Before the Bogu-es had time
(o take breath the motion was pu t.
and carried unanimously ami the
House was declared adjourned until
I lie succeeding day.
In the Senate Lieut. Gqv. Glenves
ascended the President's stand at 11 '
o'clock A. M. and called that body to
order. The Clerk was then directed
lo call the roll, and a quorum being
present the pompous Glea* es ileiiv-j
end himself of a farewell address,
and like his infamous prototype ab- j
dicalcd the position he had hitherto
usurped; Kw?ils then look charge j
but was soon relieved by Lieut. Gov.
Simpson who appeared and assumed
conti? 1 of the Presidency of the
Senate. A feeble eilort was made by
llie ultra radicals to vial;,; him take
the oath of office a second time, but
Simpson made the cms cringe in their
seats by announcing to lb >:ir that
there was no power on earth to c im
pel him to submit to any such stultifi
cation. VVc regret to see that Duncan
from ibis county bus .-<> far followed
Whitteinoreand Swails The second
iprise in the Senate v."a3 the swear
ing in of the Democratic Senators
fro in Edge field, Lauren.?, Baritwcll
and Abbeville, thtl3 giving the
Democracy almost even numbers with
their enemies. General Gary is now
in the Sehateatid Parson Whitlcmoro
will doubtless be particular in future
how-he abuses South Carolina. He
will have to keep his Nc w England
slop lo himself and allow his misera
ble enmity towards our people to
stick and rot hi his own wicked
breast. The second day's proceed
ings were specially interesting in the
House, as the folio win ?: iireainblo !
and resolutions wi'l sh ?w :
Mr. S!e:ppar;l, of I.Mgeiijid, intro- i
duced the following preamble and j
it solution - :
\\\'irhmt IIoust; did; on the j
28th;day bl' Novcmlhlr, IrlTU, meet
and was ilttly.organized according to .
law; it constitutional quorum of the ?
members thereof beiiij present and
Ii /.( ,(?..?. , certain persons claiming
to be duly e'ecte I a ? in >mhcrs of this
body have neglected and refused t)
appear and qualify members as
prescribed imd require.*! by law, but,
on. I he contrary, oigaiii/.ed another
body and styled tllcrm-clv s the House
of lb prcsciitii'tiyes of South Carolina
which said body was wholly without
legal 6r;constitutional validity; and;
I; //. fit:-, such conduct on the part
of .-aid persons was in high contempt
and derogation 'of ihn authority and
dignity of tins I louse, aiid :i probable
nhaudmont t?f their alleged rights as
members bl this body; and,
- // .< /;?\ ccttain persons, vi/: J.din
Oib.;on and Day id Bird, as rypvesch
ta lives fro in the County of Kairlioldj
did appear and qualify uJi members of
this body;'hud did subsequently there
lb without justification atid oveuse,
and in violation ot' law and their
plain duty in t! 6 promises, rcn in need
? ojiciih and publicly ail connection
I wi !i this iio?si'i, therefore,
/>'?? 'it rcsolied, That the claims id" all
persons alleged to have been elected
as members of this body, who have
heglect?d and refused to appear and
qualify a.- nicmbers.and joined ihein
s.dve.: lo another body calling them
selves the House of Representatives
of South' Carolina, us well as the
claims ol I hose who having appeared
and qualified, renounced their con
nection with this House, be, referred,
without debate, '.o a joint commit Ceo
consisting ofthe committee on privi
leges and ele tiiohs and the committee
on the judiciary, which committee
.-hall have power a id is hereby re
quired, to consider the sni.l claims
and the right.-', if any, of the persons
alleged to have been elected as afore
said, and all matters conneelcd with
the alleged election of said person i,
ami report to thi- House b.( resolution
? A''figofrciffurther, That the said joint,
i.v .-.'. 1! havo p wer I > send
I lor per. oiis ami papers.
Tho foregoing resolutions were!ail
vocatcd in riti earnest, speech by Mr.
Slieppard, ami passed the House by
an almost unanimous vote. It is not
j certain yet what disposition will bo
made of the credentials of the Mack*
! cyitcs, but we learn that Strakcr from
this place will bo deprived of bis
seat upon the ground of his tioii
Notices of the following bills were
given in the House:
]3y Slieppard?bill to regulate the
pay and number of attaches, clerks,
I and oflicer:'of the General Assembly,
and provide for the manner of ap
j pointing the same; bill to abolish the
office of county auditor, and confer
the duties of that oflice on the county
treasurer; by Simpson?bill to reduce
the number <>f trial justices in An
derson county, and to regulate their
costs; by Youimins?hill to make
juror, constable and witness tickets
receivable for taxes; bill to incorpo
rale the town of Elko and bill to
incorporate the Hampton Phosphate
Company; by .Shaw?Jjill to repeat
Sections 270 and 2S0 of Chapter 2 of
Kcviscd Statutes of South Carolina;
by lllue?biil to abolish the tdliccs of I
county treasurer and auditor, and
bill for the collection and assessment
of taxes; by Westberry?bill to
amend the law rcgtl lilting the ap
pointment of trial justices of Suinter
counts; by Allen?biil to authorize
the Governor to farm out the convict
laborers confined in the.Pcuitentiary.
In the Senate a good deal of busi
ness was transacted, and all the com
mittees remodljd as follows :
I Gary, elected member of the com
mit tec on the judiciary, vice Myers
who withdrew; J. C. Maxwell, of
Abbeville, elected member of the
committee on claims, vico Taft with
drawn; Todtl, of Laurons, elected on
the committee on charitable institu
tions, vice Myers withdrawn; Counts,
o! Barn well, elected on the committee
education, vice Swails , withdrawn,
and on the com mi tecs on incorpora
tions, public lands and the Penitenti
ary, to fill vacancies occasioned by
the death of Jones M. Williams;
Todd is clcetcdvon the committee on
linance vice Swails; withdrawn; Gary
on the committee on the military vice I
Corwin; Howard, of Marion, on the
committee on mililiry vjep. Maxwell;
Critteiiden on the committee on print
ing vice Ji huston; A. P. 13utier bit
the committee on mines and mining
vice Clinton; Gar)* on the committee
oh privi'eges sind elections vice Nash;
J. C. Maxwell, of Abbeville, on the
committee on public lauds vice Can
no i; Kvins oh the committee on legis
lative library vice Carter; Buck on
the committee on railroads vice Cor
win; Livingston on the committee on
j contingent accounts vice Taft; J. C.
Maxwell chairman of the committee
on medical a Hairs vice Goch ran;
chairman of the committee on re
trenchments vice War Icy. The r >11
of the Senate now shows a Republican
majority of one.
"* The Mackcyiies of the Orangeburg
delegation were admitted to sea s in
the House on Thursday last, with the
exception of Strakcr upon, the an
nexed condition :
Morgan, Forrest and CaldweU, of
Giaiigeburg, were next called, and
came forward rather doggedly. Mor
gan said : "I am sorry for everything
I hnve done in violation of the
Cons, i tu lion of this State.'' Orr:
"Do you ask pardon of this House V
Morgan : "J grant it,sir." [Laughter.]
Several voices: "it appears as if this
man is Iryicg to avoid a recantation."
Morgan: "l axes forgiveness, sir;'1
Ca hi well made a clean breast ol'it.
! 11c said : "When I *>\as here
j before, J knew I was in contempt;
but the people of my county
kept me here, and I stayed to show
I horn they were wrong, and they know
they are wrong now, and I crave lor
giveness, .'dr. Forrest was very
sulky, He said : ' I am sorry for my
violation -bf the Constitution of the
j State." The Speaker. "Ho you
ask forgiveness :V Forrest. "I al
ways axes forgiveness, when I docs
wrong." The .Spcuker. "Do you
admit that you have done wrong?''
j Forrest: "Of course//' I is violate the
! Constitution, 1 has done wrong."
} Voices from the Democratic side:
"We don't propose to have this man
j shuttle round in this way; ho must
j purge his contempt or leave." For
rest, much moved: *:I say I axc3
j humble pardon sir." These three from
Oraugeburg were then sworn in.
Tho Governor in Charles;on.
Governor Hampton and stafi' re
mained in Charleston two days, tho '
18th and 19th instants, the guests of
the citizens. The Governor was
gieeted with great enthusiasm, and
the wlvtolu city turned out in his hon
or. At every turn he was called up
on for a speech and, responded with
his inimitable style.
A marked significance of the oc
casion was the number of colored
people who turned out to hear him
and the impression which lie made
lipon them. A committee of officers
of the First Regiment of National
Guards, Slate Malitia, composed of
coUorcd troops, called upon the Gov
ernor, and had a cordial and satisfac
tory interview. They presented a
memorial in behalf of that organiza
tion, asking that their organization
be allowed to continue, that tho3* be
permitted to retain the arms ofthe
Stale, with which they are armed,
oiid that they have a voice in re
commending appointees for colonel,
Lieutenant Colonel and Maj >r. Gov
ernor Hampton, assured them that
in ii'1 things as to the organization ol
the militia, and their right to bear
arms, all tho citizens of the State
white and black, would be placed
upon exactly the same fooling.
On the last day of his stay in
Charleston, the Governor held a re
ception at the City Hall, which was
largely attended by colored men,
together with many ofthe Rcpubli
can 1 aders of the city. The Gover
nor's speech was directed entirely to
the colored people. We give an ex
''All that I have to say to you now,
ami I say it when victory has crown
ed our efforts, is that I stand now
precisely where I stood twelve years
ago. I was the first man in America,
certain!) the first man in the South,
who advocated the granting ol the
I right to vote t > (ho colored mail .
[Applause.] That, is on roc ?rd. O.ily |
a few days ago i saw in the New York j
Tribune a statement made by its edi
tor, Whitelaw Ried, that in 1805 I
told him thai the .Northern Republi
cans would want to lake away the
right of voting from the colored man
long before tin: South ever would.
[A voice: that'a so.] During the
late canvass I unide a prediction that \
the colored people would very soon i
find that llie only protection they Int I
for their elective franchise would be
from the white men of the South.
You will live to see it.
I meant to tell you an incident
which has happened since my elec
tion. When 1 was in Washington
recently, five or six or more promin
ent Republicans ?men high in posi
tion?actually consulted mo as to
how the vote ofthe colored man could
best bo restricted. 1 tell you what
is true?my answer was : We don't
want the vote of the colored man
taken away or restrained; for, aside
from the friendship wc bear their
race, their right to vote gives us
thirty more votes in Congress, and
when peace comes we are satisfied
that the best men in both races and
parlies will vote together for ihe com
mon weal. We don't want to take
that right away. [Great applause..]
I stand precisely in the positio n
that 1 took twelve years ago. I want
to see the colored people educated,
and 1 renew here the pledgee that I
have heretofore nude, that we will
give the colored people better facil
ties for education than they have
hitherto enjoyed. [Applause.] I
shall use all my influence to see to it
that the means of education tire
placed within the reach ofowry citi
zen of South Carolina. [Applause.]
And when I say every citizon 1 do
not limit or qualify the expression.
I call every man a Carolinian wheth
er he is while or black?whether he
is born here or at the North or in
Europe?who is a good citizen and
bus the interests ofthe State at heart,
and he is entitled to all the protec
tion that the laws of tho Stale and of
the United States can give him. I
am pledged lo fulfil every promise
made in the last canvass. I can
only do that if the people of Soiuh
Carolina will help inc. I can do
nothing of myself. 1 may indicate to
the Legislature what I consider a
proper course for them to pursue,
' bul it is for them to make tlri laws.
My duty is to execute them, und your
duty is to .send the best men to the
Legislature) irrespective of nice or
piirty. Select no man for public olfiou
who is not lit to fill the position. I
care not what may bo his politics or
Ids race. Make it your rule, that you
j will place no man in oflice unless bo
is competent. If ycu give mo goo I
men to ina'.co the laws, I p'odge to
you my honor that thoso laws shall
I be framed so as to place every man
ami woman, of both races and
parties, upon tin equal fd ding before
the law. [Applauso.j"
Let every Democrat be imbued
with the letter and spirit of the
Governor's policy and the colored
men will themselves nominate him
for Governor next lime.
The Impending War.
From time to lime, we will give
cur readers facts bearing upon the
Easierti question, upon which they
can speculate at their leisure .in
The following facts, compiled by
our neighbor of Atlanta, will help
the reader to draw his own conclu
sions as the war progresses :
I The countries directly interested in
! the settlement of the eastern question
j are Russia, Turkey, Austria,, Italy,
Gi rniany, France, and Great Britain
According to the J?test advices,
Russia will be the attacking party fn
the case of war, and Turkey will pre
pare for defensive warfare. To the
north of Turkey in Europe lies Aus
tria (with Servia and Bosnia inter
vening) and Ron mania. To tho cut
of Kouniauia is Russia,, the river
Pruth forming the boundary line.
To the east of Turkey ill Asia is Per
sia, nud to the north of Persia is
Rus-iu. There will he Jlwo lines of
Now us to the condition and
circumstances under which invading
armies will approach Turkey. The
treaty of Paris si lied in 18?G, turn
ed over the eastern question to the .
joint control of the great powers of
Europe, and provided that none
should ac t without the eb operation
of the Others. Itopouod tho Black
sea, lyini south of Russia and ens! of,
j Turkey, to the cmnuioreo of all
n ttibns, and cxclti I J frb'h it all
ships of war. It joined the Turkish
provinces of Moldavia an 1 Wall a -
! chia and some Russian territory iut ?
the independent prime ulity bi j
i Roumauia, so that the e > ?. u sree o: j
the ? linube might bo : oil :* >!! .! by
no biiu power. The (?r?liibitbry
clauses ?f ilib treaty a- to tab lik
sea were either ignored or in > lino I,
j Russia fortifying to soine extent, and
I putting war vessels on h rcoast
Hu.-.' ia has been careful tb pave t'?e
j way for her invasion of Turkey. " Sue
has advised with all the powers, and
they joined in submitting the prot?
col as a basis of peace. Turker re
| joctod this, and gives Russia the prc
! tense of acting in the mi ne of Europj,
or at east by permission of the
Extending along the northern
boundary of Turkey are Bosnia, Ser
via and Roumania?all to sonic ex
tent under Austrian influence, none
of thorn Turkish in feeling. If Aus
tria does 'not dispute- the passage of
Russian armies, the}' will cross the
I Pruth and move promptly ;nto Turk
I ish teiritory. The Pruth is about
i 500 miles in length, and for 200 miles
forms the boundary between Russia
Iii 1828, the Russian armies crossed
the Pruth, and, marching toward
Constantinople, penetrated as far a-.
Adrianoplc, r.ot more than 100 miles
from Constantinople, when peace
was concluded?Russia dictating the
terms. In 1853, the Russian army
crossed the Pruth, and at the samo
time the Russian licet threatened.
Turkey in Asia. In November the
Turkish fleet was destroyed by the
Russian fleet, and the towtwd" Siviope
almost demolished. This called
England and France to tie aid of
Turkey, and Russia, thrown on the
defensive, made a stand at Sebastopol
Tho end was the treaty of Park?, in
which Europe dictated terms to Rus
If Russian armies march through
R?u mania into Bulgaria (the scone
of the Turkish massacres) the people
will not be hostile, because they hate
the Turks. Rut tho Turkish army
will dispute the passage of the Dan
ube, which flows between Roumauia
and Bulgaria. This is one line of
1 Russia has been negotiating with
Persia, for considerations is nut averse
to allowing the passage of the Rus
sian armies through her tcriitoiy.
An army may threaten from this
point, or, crossing the Blaak S9a,
strike a point nearer Constantinople,
In the meantime a Russian fleet is on
the American coast untramiualled
i and rnady to he sent where it may
do the most good.
furkcy is ready lor war, and will
fight Russia whether she is supported
or noC .She has a splendid navy
and a well equipped army. Austria
and Italy are uneasy; Germany is
reticent; England 15 non committal,
nnd France is neutral^ Just how
soon they will all ho in a turmoil of
war it is impossible to say.
j We clip the following from tho
ChuHcsfou Republican 1
The Oraugeburg correspondent of
the Ncjcs und Co to-?er simply lies, when
he states that Rev. Dr. Web.ter weut
to Oraugeburg without a cent, and ia
now worth 8:50,000. The writer has
known Dr. Webster intimately cvot
since 1807 and firmly believes that ho
is this day no better off financially tliart
he wits then.. Delias labored earn
estly in the interest of his church, as
a faithful minister, and has frequent
ly expended his own private means t?
advance the interests of the colored
people. His connection with Clafliii
University has been nearer that of tl
benefactor than a recipient of favors j
for it was through his efforts it was
founded and in a large measure sus
lained. If his investments in Or
angeburg have turned out profitably^
it is due to his own enterprise and
spirit which are manifested in the
many improvements he has made iri
the place, and which would entitle
him to the favor of any comrauuity
not steeped in prejedice against
str?nget s. The hostility of a certain
clique to Dr. Webster can have mi
other base than his connection with a
Northern church, his Northern na
tivity, and his successful labors
among the colored people.
The same article in which' the
attack was made on Dr. Webster, had
also a malicious fling at. Gr>. Boliver;
Esq.. the Intendant of Orangeburg,
and from what we c.i U learn, tho
i nsinnation'? thrown out ag.ibist him*
were villain ifsly unjust.. Mr. Bot:-3
vor is one of tin; in nt enterprising
men of the county, who has laborC I
zealously in his otticial capacity au 1
other wise to protect tha citizens and
promote tha prosperity of the com
munity. Until recently he Inn beeil
the recipient of e mtui 1 il lattdatioiw
from the D.*.inur.i'io press f?r hisl
wise and impartial administration of
the laws as chief officer of the toxrii
and fir bis public spirit as a citizen;
but, being a Republican", he i- an
obstacle in the way of some oftvje-?
seeking Democrats, who, under the1
new legi me, imagine that they are"
entitled to all offices now held by
^Republicans. They hope to accomp
lish by persecution what they never
could g ain by popular favor, hence1
Ornngeburg Agricultural and Me
Will he hohl kit Oraugeburg in the Faif
Ruilding May 17th, 1877. at which time
Premiums will he award.'ill to successful
competitors as follow'.* *
For the largest collection of Hot Homo'
Plants by one person.
For ttie best collection as rfltove.'
44 2?l best
For too best collection of Zonal and Fan
cy I.ctif Ouraniuins.
For the best collection of Double ?eran
For the best collection Scented ?cran'
inin". . ,
For tho best collection of Pelargoniums.
?' ?? Hoses (cut flow
For the best coUcetion of Furcliias.
" Pansier, . .
" M Native Wild
Flowers (arranged )
For the largest collection of Vegetables
by one person.
" For the b'eat collection of tire above.
Worthy articles other than the abbVe
named will he awarded premiums.
Premiums will not be awarded unless
there he a Fair Competition.
Articles will be received for Kxhibiti6rt
from (.) o'clock Wednesday morning May
16th, to 10 o'clock Thursday mornin'g May
17th. The Doors will be opened to VIm-1
tors at 10 o'clock A. M., and the Exhibition'
will close at 12 P. M. of the same day.
No charges made for Enuring Articles'
Refreshments of Icc-Crcain, Cake, Fruit?,
&c, will be furnished in tho Building.
Admission 50 cents. Children under 12
years of age 25 cents.
For further particulars opply to .
apl 21 _ ft
OFFICE OF SCHOOL COMMISSIONER
ORANOEnuno CouNaY, 8. C.
April 18th, 1877.
Notice is hereby given that there will
be a re-appointiucnt of Trustees of the va
rious School Dihtricts of tho Baid County
during tho month of May.
THOMAS "PHILL1 PS.
Co. ycheoi Com. U. Co.