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USTE'WB >p TIMES.
ISSUED EVKRY KATOKDAY MOHNIKO J1V TJIE
OIIANUEUURG NEWS COMPANY.
UEO. RULIYER, Business Malinger.
J. FELDER WEYERS, Editor.
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fi&f" Wc arc in no way lTspousihlc for
tlic views or opinions of our Correspond*
~? . Saturday; ;June 23, is??. ~
The members of the Legislature j
compromised on the pay "question by
fixing their salary at six hundred dol
lars, with twenty cents mileage. As
wc have already said, we think the '
mileage ought to have been ontittc 1
as the members of the General
Assembly were presented with free
passes over the different railroads;
and hence when they take mileage it
is simply a quiet way of adding about
twenty-five dollars clear to their
compensation. The sum taken
aim vmts to near ten dollars per day
;for both sessions, and seems rather
huge ? pi daily as so much noise and
dc] ale bias been made over it as to
nfiraei I ho critical attention of our
popph. 11 seems that our law-makers
were devil-bent on cutting down all
talarip!; except their own. Auditors
nntl Treasurers must work and live a
whole year on what our piccious re
ibt-;':! legislators got for a few week's
pleasant labor. Young men, there
I arc many of you who will stay home
.. after next session. Better lake good
care of what you "grabbed."
The Assignment of Circuit Judges
Under the assignment made by
Chief Justice Willard, the Fall term
of the Courts of Common Pleas and
General Sessions will be held by the
Circuit Judges as follows :
First Circuit, consisting of Charles
ton and Orangeburg, by Judge Cookc
of the Eighth Circuit.
Second Circuit, consisting of Aik
eu^Barnwcll, Collcton and Beaufort,
by Judge Reed of the First Circuit.
Third Circuit, consisting of Sum
tcr, Clarendon, j Williamsburg and
Georgetown, by Judge NYiggiu of the
. Second Circuit.
Fourth Circuit, consisting of Marl
boro', Darlington, Marion, Chester
field and Horry, by Judge Shaw of
the Third Circuit.
Fifth Circuit consisting of Ker
shaw, Lexington, Edgcfield and Rich
Jand, by Judge Townscnd of the
Sixth Circuit, consisting ot York,
Lancaster, Chester and Fairl'icM, by
. Judge Kcrshaw of the Fifth Circuit.
Seventh Circuit, consisting of Ncw
bcrry, Laurcns, Union and Spartan
burg, by Judge Mttfckey of the Sixth
Eighth Circuit, consisting of Abbe
ville, Anderson, Oconcc, Bickens and
Greenville, by Judge Northrop of the
Repeal of the Lien Law.
, Ii? lieu lav, in so far as it relates
lo'iien-j oii crops, aa many of our
renders already know, was abolished
by Ih'i recent session of the General
iiiidy; and will be null and void
on and after the first day of January
next. While wc think it nothing
more than right and proper, and bet
Ii r for the general "good of the coun
:vj that the lien law should have
beeu repealed, wc regard its abroga
tion at so early a day as unfortu
11, w i!? ..v'? many of our farmers,
? vviio a) ready have mosf of their lands
planted in cot loa, and who are not in
? the habit of raising their own bacon,
without any means of getting their
supplies for another year, and thus
render them unablo to evcu plant
their next year's crop. We think it
would have been a much better and
safer plan to have fixed it so as to
stand repealed after January, 1879,
instead of'78, as it would then give
nil a chance to raise provisions for a
year in advance.
One thing if. will certainly do.
Those who have been farming on a
credit will have to draw in their
horns now. Evidently it will make
mone)r more abundant aud bread*
stulls easier of procurement. Cotton
will not take up tho best spots of
land hereafter we opine. Some thing
to cat and to raise meat with will be
the order of tho day. Under the
lien law labor was wholly subservient
to capital; in fact, could not be uti
lized without the help of the factors
and lien givers. After January 1878
men will have to stand or fall upon
the assurance of their own faces. No
more liens, remember that.
Fences and (he Fence Law.
In our ryes nothing so mars the
appearance of a farm as unsightly,
tumbled down, crooked fences, and
we have never yet convinced our
selves that they were necessary or
economical. It is true that as the
law now stands they arc necessary
evils for custom or law permits any
one to turn stock of any kind upon
the highway, to range at will over ail
the neighboring farms, destroying
everything that is not protected by
an adequate barrier in the shape of a
fence. The law even goes further
than this, and defines what sort of a
fence seal! be considered a legal har
rier against this .stock, which is
allowed to range through the coun
try iii utter violiiliou of the first and
simplest principles of equity. Cus
tom has much to do with shaping our
opinions, and in nothing docs she
show her tyranny more than in ihn.
Men still sustain this custom, while
acknowledging that it is wrong in
principle and contrary lo tho inter
ests of the entire community;
The fences of the United .Slates
have cost more than all other improve
ments besides?i. e., on the (arm.
They have Oct far more than the
farms themselves "and their repairs,
from year to year, is far the heaviest
burden the fanners of the country
havo to bear. In France and most
places in Germar.y fences arc almost
unknown. Stock are confided to
small pastures, or fed in stables
through the greater part of the year,
and, wherever, as in the case of sheep ,
it is necessary to give them 'wider
range, they are attended by a shep
herd, who, with the aid of one or two
well-trained dogs, keeps them within
p ? oper bounds. The system, as prac
ticed there, may not be applicable, in
all its details, to our condition, but
many of its features might be copied
to our infinite advantage. As the
law now stands, we can only enjoy
the fullest benefits of our lands at the
sufferance of our neighbor?, or wh Ac
protected by fences, and to any one
who docs not indulge in kocpiag any
considerable quantity of stock, the
burden appears very onerous indeed.
We know a single sow which has
cost the making and laying up of not
less than ten thousand rails within the
last two years, and the annoyance
and dread of frequent visits even after
these preparations for keeping her out.
Yet this same ill-favored animal has
never seen the day she was worth
$5. Her owner, a strong, healthy
and active son of Ham, informed us
that he hud spent fifteen days in less
than a year looking for her, and that
too, when he could easily have made
$1 a day at work. Had the law com
pelled him to keep her confined, not
less than one hundred dollars would
have been saved to the community.
This is a strong case, but not by any
means an unusual one. Wc arc con*
scions of the fact that many would
think it a great burden to be coin
polled to keep nil then* stock Within
their own enclosures, but wc believe
that in every case'?as it certainly is
in our own?experience would prove
it the best policy.?Southern Planter
An Act to investiga to and ascertain
the actual bona fide indebtedness
of the various counties in this
State, and to regulate the manner
of paying the same.
SECTION 1. lie it marted by the
Senate and IIou?c of Representatives
of the State of South Carolina now
met and sitting in General Assembly,
and by the authority of the same.
That upon the petition of fifty tax
payers of any county fh tho State,
.stating that said count}' is in debt,
and that the validity of said debt or
some portion thereof is doubted and
challenged, it [shall be the duly of
the Governor 'of the Slate to appoint
a commission, consisting of three
competent and discreet citizens of
said county, to investigate and ascc r
tain the true and real bai\ii fid-' iu
debebtedness of said count}', who shall
report in writing to tho Board of
County Commissioners n statement
of said liana fide indebtedness, and
shall also report to the General As
sembly at its next session the amount
of said bona Jiili indebtedness.
Sec. 2. That tho said commission
shall have tho power tosend for per
sons and papers, be authorized to
swear witnesses and to call all persons
having claims to appear before it, ami
establish such claims, alter due and
sufficient notice, by publication of
thirty days in the paper of said coun
ty; th.it pending said investigation
the proper officers of said county are
hereby directed and restrained from
levying and collecting any special
tax for the payment of the said past
county debt, created prior to the first
day of November, A. 1) 1S70.
Sue. 3. That the members of said
commission shall be entitled to re
ceive ?2 per diem for each day actu
ally employed in such wotk, not to
exceed in all thirty days,
Approved Juno 11, 1877.
Wo hope the Governor will ap
| point throe Commissioners for this
! County, whose honesty and integrity
will commend them to our whole
people. A huge portion of our in
debtedness is believed to be fraudu
lent and should be repudiated. But
j let it be done after nthorough inves
tigation by a commission of honest
In the case of the State vs. Charles
\Y. Butt/., cpio warranto, tho follow
ing order was made?tha opinion to
be filed hereafter :
The Slate of South Carolina, Su
preme Court?April Term, 1877 ?
The State vs. C. U'. Butt:: quo irarran
to.?It is determined and adjudged
that, by the acceptance by the defen
dant of. the ollicc of member of the
House of Beprescntatives of *|tlie
Congress of the United Stales an
office incompatible with the office of
Solicitor of the First Circuit, held by
said defendant at the time of such
acceptance, the said last mentioned
office became, and was vacated and
abandoned by the defendant.
It is further ordered, on motion of
the Attorney General, that judgment
cf ouster do issue against the defen
dant with costs.
A. J. Wl i.i.aki),
Chief Justice, S. C.
June 10, 1877.
Judgment was accordingl) entered
The State of South Carolina?In
the Supreme Court.? The State vs. C.
11'. Butt:;, .hull/matt of Ouster?This
cause having come on for hearing in
this court, and after argument of
counsel for the State and for the
defendant, it having been ordered
and determined that by Iho accep
tance of the defendant of tho office
of member of the House of Repre
sentatives of the Congress of ,thc
United States, an 'office incompatible
with tho office of Solicitor of the
First Circuit held by the said defen
dant at tho time of such acceptance,
the said last mentioned office be'eamo
and was vacated and abandoned by
the defendant, and it having been
further ordered that judgment of
ouster do issue against the said
defendant with costs; now, on motion
of the Attorney General, it is ordered
and adjudged accordingly, that the
defendant Charles \V. Butt/., be
ousted from the office of Solicitor of
tho First Judicial Circuit of tho
State of Soutli Carolina.
By the Court, Juno 19, 1877.
A. M. Booze::, Clerk.
- m % mm -
Interesting Letter from a Promi
Editor Orangcbtiry News and Times :
Until about eight years ago Oats
were supposed by nine tenths of our
farmers of this county to be an un
profitable article of farm production,
consequently but a small area was
sown, and that as a common rule on
land that would not produce Corn or
Cotton without being highly manur
ed. The general result has b*:cn from |
three to live bushels per acre, and
frequently rust destroying the little 1
that would have been made on tho
poor impovcrishc 1 land on which tho y
were planted. Is it any wonder under
such conditions that O.its were ignor
ed and set aside as a farm product?
13ut a great change has taken place
within the last eight years as the red
rust proof Oats have been obtained ?
rust proof indeed, for they seldom or
never show rust, and are well adapted
to our soil and seasons, producing from
ten to 50 bushels per acre, according
to the productiveness of the bin I, as a
general rule producing double the
bushels per acre as would have been
produced in corn on same quality of
land, and where one farmer planted
Oats ten years ago, fifty In alec it now
an important item in their annual
farm production. It has been the
saving of thousands of dollars to our
country. If Oats have succeed3.1
why not Wheat? It seems strange
lit a I with tho climate, soil and seasons
wc have here Wheat as a general
rule has thus far been a fail
ure! Why is it? There must be some
cause. What is that eau-c? Let us
as farmers make our experiments and
report results and perhaps til crcby
we may get at the root of the evil,
and produce Wheat as readily as
Oats. Suppose every farmer in this
county could produce Iiis own bread
for his family consumption it would
save thousands of dollars to our coun
try, which would he otherwise sent
out of our; State. Wheat delights in
still" clay or loamy land containing
more, or less lime in its composition.
Would it not be well that the experi
ment he tried, say live* bushels of lime
sowed broadcast and ploughed under
per acre. Again there is one thing
certain in Wheat and Ali the cereal
plants. It i.s this: That the land
must hold no stagnant water, it must
he perfectly drained free of all wate r
as far as rootlets or feeders permeate,
and Wheat roots deep. Now right
here we may find ihc cause of sonic
of our failures in Wheat culture.
Wheat is planted in the fall or winter.
Our winters arc wet, our lands are
saturated and filled with water until
late in the spring consequently the
rootlets or iecdeis decay and rot, an 1
rust, and failure is the result. I
would suggest that the experiment he
made by thoroughly ?itdcrdrai hing
one acre and planting it next fall in
Wheat, I would suggest also that the
acre should have the same quality of
land, manure ,and work that are usual
ly grown to Cotton?may not there be
as in Oats rust proof Wheat. Let
the enquiry be made and if any suc
ceed, let it be tried. We must make
our bread and meat on the farm,
Cotton at present, and at apparrent
future prices will not buy it.
Fa km Kit.
An Act to prohibit the sale of Seed
Cotton between the time of the
setting and rising of the sun, and
to regulate the sale of Seed Cotton.
Be it cit'utvd by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the
State of South Carolina, now met
and sitting in General Assembly,
and by the authority of the same:
Suction 1. That on and after the
passage of this act it shall not be law
ful for rfriy person to buy, or sell, or
receive by way of barter, exchange
or traffic of any sort, any seed cotton,
between the hours of sun down or sun
riso of any day.
Sec. 2. That any person wdio shall
violate the provisions of Section one
(1) of this act shall, upon conviction
in the Court of General Sessions, or
of trial justica, be fined in the sum
of fifty dollars, or imprisoned in
the county jail for a period of th irly
days, or both, in the discretion of the
Sec. .'?. That all acts, or parts of
acts, inconsistent with this act, be
and the same arc hereby repealed.
Approved June 8, 1S77.
Combat all thy discontent through
prayer, cvciy care through faith,
every fear through hope.
A Warm Welcome.
Governor Mum pica's Rcccp*
lion at Auburn.
No North, No South?An Ovation to onr
Homo Ilulo Oovcruor.
AunuKN, N. Y., June 20.?This
has been a gala day for Auburn. The
streets are filled with people, and the
buildings with (lags. Governor
Robinson arrived last evening, an d
Governor Wade Ilnmplon this morn
ing. They were conducted to the
residence of TO. 1'. Ross.
At the reunion of the Shield Guard
this afternoon, G overh?r Robinson in
his speech, welcomed Governor
Hampton to the Empire State, and
referred to the recent events in South
Carolina, connected with the election,
the withdrawal of the troops and in
auguration of Governor Hampton.,
and assured the latter thr.d his heroic
and magnanimous conduct during
that period oi'lime, when but a word
from him would have involved the
State in armed conflict, entitled him
to the respect and admiration of the
whole country. On behalf of the Em
pire State, ho bade Governor Ilamp
ton a cordial welcome both on account
of tho personal esteem in which he was
'held, and the position he occupied as
Governor of a sister State. He con
eluded by saying that in the contest
for constitutional government New
York would have no more sincere, ear
nest ally than South Carolina.
lie then introduced Governor
Hampton to the audience.
Governor Hampton was received
with wild applause. He staled that
he came not in his official capacity
nor to take a prominent part in this
anniversary, but at the request of
General Shields to bring the old I'.tl
metto tlag and to pay his tribute to
the hero, in honor of whom the Shield
'.!ir.irds were name !.
After paying a high tribute to
General Shields, Governor 1 la op'.nh
spoke of the reference thai had been
made to the rcceiil contest in South
Carolina, and .-said that wa's noun po
litical contest but a struggle for hon
est government and i'ij lit'.*ol t.it.
I State: It was a contest sigtiiiit the
"carpet- bagger,'' and w hen he said
"carpet-bagger" lie sail he mean*
thief. For said he, we call no m in a
"carpet bagger'' who did not bear
that character. He then referreil to
the pledges uiudo by tho Democrats
of South Carolina that they would
make no discrimination of pu-ty,
race or color, and cited as proof that
they wore carrying oiit thatplcdg-\
the election of a Northern ltcpubli
can and cx-Fcdersil Soldier as Chidl
Justice of the State. As for himself,
Gov. Hampton said that when uomi
iai'ed he pledged himself to know nr.
parly, no race, no color and he inte:? I
id to carry out pledge. [Applause.]
He staled that the was the first man
in South Carolin t after tli c war'to
id vise that the colored men be given
the ballot. The speaker paid another
warm tribute to General Shields and
made ah eloquent plea that tho Stars
and Stripes might wave long over a
United country in which every man
shall enjoy his constitutional rights.
Following his speech the band
played three selections, among them
'?Dixie," to the evident gratification of
Governor Hampton. The distinguish
ed guests were then escorted in car
riages to the residence of State Treas
urer Ross, where a magnificent ban
qucl was partaken of.
In the evening the mansion of Hon.
Charles N. Ross was thrown open
from 8 to 10 o'clock, during which
hours the citizens of Auburn paid
their respects to the distinguished
guests. At the conclusion of the re
ception the visitors repaired to the
armory of tho Shields' Guards, where
the festivities were wound up with a
grand military ball.
D eTre ville & Hej ward
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS
OruiiKidburjr C. II., S. C.
BL^y- Will practice in the various Courts
of the Stale
W. J. DoTrcvillc, James S- Ilcyward
juno 23 tf.
TAKEN UP ESTRAY
A small brown Stallion about eight years
old, with a white star in forehead) shod on
all his feet Said horse from appearance
was stolen and ridden to exhaustion and
The owner can recover by proving pro
perty and paying costs
F id WANN AM AK ER,
June 22d 1S77
A fine "Grade Merino Buck" P. ^eaw old
look 2nd Premium at the Coum; Ta'v in 1875
Sheared ?JA I bo. wool this ?p?rg. Price
SIO. For further partiaular? ?nquirc at
juiie 33 ? tf.
Notice of Dismissal.
Notice .. hereby given that I shall one
month from date I'dc my final account with
the Honorable Judge of Probate for Oranger
burg County, ami ask for letters of Di?misHul
as Uuardain of NeU A vinger.
A I? AVINGElt:
jiiHc 23 At ?
By virtue of a warrant on lien to nie di
rected 1 will sell to the highest bidder for
cash, at the plantation of Mrs. Jaiie M*.
Kustcrlih in tbe Fork of Edisto, on Tuesday
the third day of July next, about twenty
(20j bushels corn, seized as crop of Corne
lius Levy, under warrant in iien to Mrs.'
.Jane M, East er I in,
Slieri Ilk Ofliee ")
Orangcbiirg Count v, } J II LIVINGSTON;
June 18lh, 1877. J S O C
i:. Valci 'inc Snell
Montreville Watts, J. Phillip Sain, J. Wal
lace Cannon and The Saint Paul and Ma
rine Insurance Company. .
By virtue of the Judgment herein, I will
ell at Or iigcburg C. If., on the first Mon
lay, in July next, during t.'- 'egal hours of
All that lot of lar d, situate in the town of
I'owesville containing one and 28-43 acre*,
measuring two hundred and ten feet front
on street, an I bounded on thc!Nofth
by lands of Jude itobinson, on the East by
by lot of 10. V. Snell, on the South by
street ami on the West by lot of Dukes and
Metis, a< laid down on plat made by T. F.
Harten ami annexed to deed of conveyance
of said lot from E. V- Snell to- Walls and
S.iin beating dale. December 23rd.-;-J?73
Terms cash, purchaser to pay. for
paper.-: and recording. * J1
S' crtfTs Ofliee ) J. II MyiNGSTON*
Orau cbiirg Countv > S. O. C.
July 2 1st 1877 ' J j t
pine 12 ? .St.
The Daniel Pratt' Grin Co.
1 r ">
OF PRATT3VILLK ALA.
Are murif t-ftiirin's the CiOeln-il?*!
?'l.XinielPr.iit Cotton '?-m'' wich it -\-??I\
in:.r Heads and an a l'm table s? o I Im?it* 1,
which lire i>iiprovu:it,-nis p.r.cute.l by ;ii ? i
in July i S73
Any-ordinary plantation hand can feel
ihe-H!' ii-!-'. an I t i -y will i ir i ?int more I hit,
in rhe sain ? 'i-.'i ? ill mi a iy <>;h ?r (?in. iiii I
b/ the u eot' the :itljii-?i:i*?l?* .-eel hnirl,
which em bj a l|ilsied white tlie ton is
runuhigj they cm lie m.i le to' pie"? tb i
serai in icSi clem.-r th in any oilier Gin". i
Thy experienceof every pi i'jlv.r >vh'o Ii i->
used them, shows thiit these Ofn-j will hut
? li the, nor can tin; ro 1 l?o hnVki-n by feed
ing ii ait i-dlier in ih.* center or at the ?nVN
of tlie L-ottUn box;
We are prepared to prove '>.." ?ui'i.vle -
iT-'rs inlour ofli"j; written by p.iriius ivjt'.?
ha ve used these tSins tor the p:C-?! fo-fr sm
s ?in, thai our con vieiions of the ivohderfiilly
iriefea"|cd cffor'.ivenes* and value of the I? ?
vidving Head Gin lias been enrre-t, ami wo
are confident we e m, without fair or denial
??'aim, iha! no other (Sins can eoinj?2te with
it in ipiaUiy, capacity, or advantage* ufany
I*nrlies wanting our (Sins can npplv to
J.C. I'ike & Co., Orangehurg C. II., S." C,
It. P. M:,vs, Miysvi'.le, S. C, Or. J. M.
I runter, TiinmonVville, S. C. .1.l>. McLucan
Marion C. II. S. C.
W.'io are our agents for the sale of our
(Sills ami sell at our prices.
DAN I F.I, PRATT GIN fO.
June 12th 1877
NOTICE TO PURCHASERS.
OFFICIO OF CO. COMMISSIONER'S.
OuAxcnnuno Coiwty, S. C.
June 2d, 1S77.
The Hoard of County Commissioner's
oilers for .-ale, the four Room* on North
dde of Court JIou ie for approved County
Claims, the former purchasers having failed
to comply with the terms of sale. The
same to be poUI on salcsday in July next.
All the fencing around the Court House
on same conditions as above
l?v Order of the Hoard.
OEO. DQLI VER,
Clerk of Board,
jiino 9 4t
NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS.
OFFICE OF GO. COMMISSIONER'S,
0RAXOEBUno, May 12th 1877.
The Rebuilding of Four Holes Bridge
and Foot Way on Five Notch Boad across
Four Hole Swamp, will he Rold to the low
est bidder at 12 o'clock M., on Thursday,
Also the Bridge on Half Way Swamp on
Huger Road will be sold to tlws lowest
bidder at 12 o'clock M. on Friday, June
Also the Rebuilding ?f Shillings Bridge,
on the North Edisto River will bo sold to
the lowest bidder on Saturday, June 23rd,
at 12 o'clock M.
Ry Order of the Board of County Com
i une 2