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(. \'.\) \ Y.lb hardness Manager,
i lUli Mr.YKKS, E<lilo:'.
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We are hi i > way 11!e .'>>r
t' ? vioSis cr '-.i ens of our Corrc*poiitf
SAT UK DAY. JULY 28, 1877.
The True Principle of Temper
A reference which reccntl}' came
under our eye to tho Prcssdcnt's prac
tice of temperance, suggests a distinc
tion between the moderation of prin
ciple in respect of tho use of liquors
and the iillraism of propagandists.
The one is sober, sensible and en
during, und the other is rabid, irra
tional and evanescent. The one
attracts and charn^ by the quiet
observance of habit or resolution,
while the other repels aud disgusts
by an offensive assumption of superior
moral virtues, by making a parade of
It is a strange fact that principle
in reform should be so often repre
sented by affectation or folly as to
nllienate instead ".of inviting those
upon whom it would operate. There
is, it is true, a natural tendency to
radical measures and aggressive
methods' in reform, and a necessity
for vigorous advocacy and extreme
practice in the agitation of the subject
sought to be brought home to the
attention of a careless public; but
? iu re is no excuso for the noisy uli
ve ... cii with which most of the reforms
;t! ' paliticularly that of temperance,
, dud?not forward, but hither
?iual thither in the estimation of
? ly anil in the line of progress,
lu re is generally no. absurdity so
rent in the way ol' abstinence but it
is insisted upon as absolutely essen
tial to the well-being of the votary,
or to tho elevation of others by the,
.force of example, and self-denial is
carried so far as to become irksome,
and at hast, in many, many cases
impossible of attainment, where tho
failure to arrive at tho fancied stand
ard of purity lias the effect to dis
couragc the adherent and precipitate
him back to a lower level than
when first influenced by the reform.
The infernal dogma of perfection,
' s? stiel ly illustrated in Christian reali
zation, is extended also to moral en
deavor, and it is urged that man mny
bo precisely accurate in all the details
of personal deportment in rogarel to
forbidden things anil still bo human.
It is plain that it is easy for
persons who have no desire to indulge
in any of the forms of strong drink,
to refrain from iia use.
With those whoso habits have been
different it is unwise to attempt any
standard of excellence which is liable
to add a lack of self-respect by rea
son of shortcomings in the lino of tho
pledge to the weakness Of charactor
already apparent, An upright pur
pose in life, with a firm dosiro to do
right,or as nearly so as the infirmities
of the ficsli will admit of, is tho best
temperance pledge, and thesurost pro
tec lion from the ill.-Jof strong drink,aud
the philanthropist who gives his time
to the dissemtninntion of like moral
tcachingi?who will direct his atten
tion to a development of this gem in
morals, will have the gratification
afforded by success in well-doing
ivi< \> sun ly than he who po.trays the
evih of inttemperance,'and then pro
.seining the pledge, bears away tho
sigtmlurcs of intemperate men as
trophies of his influence over his fol
lows instead of evidences of reforma
Wo admit that one or more have
kept tho plcdgo of total abstineuoo;
but it was liko tho love of Byron's
piratical character for the faithful
''Linked with ouo virtue and a thousand
De AVitt Tulmago makes a great
mistake when he says that because
members of the newspaper profession
see day after day all the shame of the
world, all tho weakness, all tho mean
nesses, all tho theories of j cracked
brained philosophers, and all tho
follies and shams of poor human
uature, that "the temptation is to
believo iu neither God, man nor wo
man. Dr. Tabnago wouders that
journalists believe anything.
Dr. Talmnge forgets that journal
ists who sec all that tho world is
doing, see that amid all the confusion
and tbescemiug'chancc government of
the world, there is a wonderful power
overruling all things, aud bringing
the follies of meu under the law of
The intelligent journalist is by the
aid of the electric wires, aud the daily
news from all parts of tho world at
ouc time, and by the habit of search
ing for the secret motives of men, is
above all, the least excusable for not
discovering something of this mighty
power which is dovetailing events
occurring iu distant parts of tho
world, and bringing order out of
chaos. Of all men, tho ; journalist is
least excusable for "believing neither
in God, man nor woman."
If tho strike continues long the
supply of Western beef for New York
and other Eastern cities will be soon
St. Matthews' Light Dragoons.
St. Matthews, S. C,
j July 21st, 1S77.
Editor Oravgcburg News and Times :
j A meeting wns held at this
place to-day for the purpose of re
organizing tho St. Matthews Light
Dragoons, commanded over since
their organization by Capt. J. B.
Livingston. At the request of the
meeting, I ask a small space in your
columns to give publicity to the
The meeting was well attended and
much interest manifested in its suc
cess. Fifty names wero enrolled,
after which an election for officers
was held, which resulted as follows :
Captain?J. B. Livingston.)
1st." Lieut.?J. C\ Harmon.
2nd. Lieut.?A. M. Snider.
3rd. Lieut.?M. A. Arant
Lest I consume too much of your
valuable space, I will omit the names
of the non-commissioned officers.
Rev. S. T. Hollman was elected
Chaplain, and Dr. T. K. Keller, Sur
geon. I think this election gives
universal satisfaction. Capt.4 L. well
deserves the honor conferred in his
re-election. He is lughly esteemed,
not for his intelligence and valor
only, but also for the concern ho
manifested, and tho sacrifices made in
the j interests of his company. It is
sufficient to say of Lieutenants Har
mon, Snider aud Aruut that they aro
the right men iu their right places.
The uniform adopted is very neat,
and will add much to their appoar
This company was organized nearly
a year ago, when the condition of our
country was indeed critical. Its ob
jects, however, wore not as pro
claimed by the usurpor and ox
Governor, and which ho would have
th6 world believo. Not tho intimi
dation of frecmou, or tho abridgement
of their rights, but self-preservation
?the protection of our homes aud
those righto which are rogarded more
sacred than life itself. Those were
dark days, but wo thank God tho
scone has changed, and that to-day
wc meet under circumstances so fav
We are happy in the belief that tho
bitter,seeds of corruption, enmity and
discord which have .been scattered
broadcast over our lands for years,
are being rootod out, and that har
mony and peace will, ere long, reign
supreme. We rejoice that tho dark
clouds which have for long and
weary years obscured our political
skies, have, in a measure, been dis
persed, and Lhat our horizon * is al
ready lined with the silvery gray,
which betokens a glorious future;
when a freo people shall agaiu bask
in tho Buulight of prosperity aud
happiness. Aud to this eud may
each member of the St. Matthews
Light Dragoons contribute his mite.
Rowe's Bridge, July 21st, 1877*
To the Edi.or of News and Times:
Pleaso iuscrt this for the benefit
of those who arc intcre ted in volun
teer companies and also for the edi
fication of aspirants to offica. A
meeting was called at Howe's Bridge
for the purpose of re-oganizing the
Cooper Swamp Rangers. M. L.
Smoak was called upon to act as
Chairmau aud Mr. W. C. Rives, Sec.
protem. Mr.Smoak explained the ob
ject of tho meeting after which Mr.
Rives made a request for himself aud
the Howesville "faction" to partici
pate iu tho reorganization. He stated
that that crowd belonged to the O. L.
D.'s but as thisorgauizatiou was more
central and bciug convenient for thoso
at Rowe's Pump, he would pledge
his word for some eight or teu from
Bowesville, who had resigned from
the Orange Light Dragoons' (wheth
er according to the requirements of
tho constitution or otherwise we are
not prepared to state) for' reasons
unstated, aud frivolous, provided he
with a fow others who were present
from Bowesville were allowed lo par
ticipate in the reorganization of the
Cooper Swamp Rangers. After the
above mentioned preliminaries were
over a motion was made and carried
to the effect that the "meeting go into
an immediate election of oflicers.
Well, now came the "Tug of War"
Mr. Chairman M- T. Smoak was re
elected unanimously Captain over
his opponent Mr. W- C. Rives, much
to the credit of tho veteran Swamp
Rangers. Then came the nomina
tion for the 1st Lieuteuant. Now ev
erything was excitement. Some one
nominated our noble private, Mr.
Jno. Robinson, who declined the
nomination, and some nominated
Adolphus Izlar, and then the parties
proposed Mr. Robinson's " name
and Mr. Rives. This took like
hot cakes with some folks, and
then for the election. Well two hats
were sent around and after everybody
had finished putting in little slips of
white paper the hats were carried up
to the Chair aud Mr. Rives was an
nounced elected, whether by a major
ity or minority vote your informant
does not know, as the vote was not
mentioned. Mr. Adolphus Izlar was
then nominated and elected 2nd
Mr. Ed Smoak was nominated
and elected 2nd.
Then came the election for Sergt.
Now you know offices wero getting
scarce (as there wero only twenty
five men) and excitement ran high.
After a good deal of excitement
about nothing?the election resulted
as follows :
1st J J Wolfe, he however was
one of Mr. Rives pledged mombers
but was not present.
2nd A F Wolfe.
3rd. Joe Zeigler.
4th J H Jennings.
5th Thad C Dukes.
They were talking about going on
with tho election but they could not
find another man to run for Oth
Sergt on the whole, so they ndjourucd
to meet on Saturday, when they will
rcBumo ^tho election of remaining
non-commissioned officers. The fact
is the whole company will bo officers.
As tho crowd were moving off to tho
river to bathe Mr. T. C. Dukes hal
lowed out something about a 2 gal
lon jug being some where, and your
informant rushed off to see what was
up, but to tho great disappointment
of us all. Wo never saw tho jug,
everybody was glad, especially 5th
Sorgt, who was saved tho heavy ex
pense of most candidates whoso bills
about the time of election at a li
quor shop would make a whole Tem
peranco Bociety shudder.
I reckon all the Sergt's little boys
will assume that honored title now;
wear stirrups on their shoes, and mako
as efficient oflicers in some future
day as their fathovs aro at present.
Adieu until their next meeting.
P. S. I am pleased with tho
election last Saturday, and am a
special friond of all the ^officers?I
am going to join tho Co., and hop e
thoy will run me for Sergt. Traos. or
any office like commissary. D.
The Orangeburg District
BRANCHVJ LIiE, S. C.
July 23d 1877.
Editor Orangeburg News and Times :
Tho sessious of this Conference
continued through Friday and
Satuiday. All the interests of the
Church were fully canvassed, and
plana laid for their future usefulness.
It was regarded on all hands an
interesting meeting. The social
feature was charming. The preaching
was edifyiug and tho religious
current deep and strong.
?rangeburg by unauimous vote was
choseu as the place for tho next An
nual gathering. Sunday was a rich
day with us. Mr. Webber of your
towu occupied tho Methodist pulp it
at 11 o'clock A. Ml., and gave us au
intellectual treat. Dr. Carlisle,
President of Wofford College address
ed tho young men at 4 o'clock P. M.
The evening was hot, the Church
crowded, although the Dr. spoke an
hour, nobody got tired.
Ho gave us an address on Satur
day afternoon ou education, which
was good. He was (tho' a Layman)
"Soul" of the meetiug aud the occa
Sunday night we had a capital ser
mon from Mr. McKibben of Willis
ton. Tho Baptist Brethren tendered
the use of their Church, and the Rev.
Zimmerman it is said preached an
excellent sermon f,r them.
The meeting closed, leaving every
body in a good humor.
In the Grip of the Law.
Tho Hobson Choice Candidate Carried to
. Columbia?Arrest of Ex-Clerk Jones
Rumored Flight of My Dear Josephtts.
[From the Journal of Commerce ]
Day before yesterday, as soon as
the arrest of Ex Governor M >ses was
circulated around the community, a
panic siezed the many guilty Repub
licans in tho city. Each one seemed
to imagine that a warraut was hang
ing over his head, aud that be was
soon to be in the clutches of the I aw,
aud impelled by those direful halluci
nations, they betook themselves to
their respective hiding places, and
the streets of Charleston were clear of
Rumor has it thnt some of them
have tied to parts unknown, others
are repenting and plotting in their
lonely retreats, hid away from the
eyes of the world.
After Moses* capture, the whole
detective force were out for A. O.
Jones, the ex-Clerk of the House, but
! with all their diligence, Jones could
I not bo fcuud. He evaded arrest until
J five o'clock yesterday morning, when
Lieutenant Claussen, of the detective
I force, called at his house, and by
I somo means managed to obtain an
j audieuco with Jones, who says ho sur
rendered himself. He was taken to
the Staticnhouso at this early morn
ing hour and lodged for safe koeping.
Ho was placed in tho Captain's office
up stairs, where he remaiued all day.
During the day he was visited by
prominent negro Republican politi
cians. About 12 o'clock Trial Jus
tice Chisolm was sent for. Yi hen he
arrived ho found Jones seated in the
Captain's office, apparently much
troubled; not looking as if ho had sur
rendered. Jones was anxious to give
bail, but was informed by tho Justice
that ho would not receivo less than
$25,000 bonds, with the best of sure
ties, for his release.
He theu commenced complaining
of his arrest, and stntcd that it was
hard that ho should be made to ans
wer for Moses, evidently trying to lay
everything on the shoulders of poor
"Frank." He next asked that the
Justice would do him the favor of
allowing Lieutenant Claussen to
take him to Columbia, but this was
refused, as tho Juetioo had already
deputized Officer S. J. Coates to take
the prisoner to Columbia and doliver
him to hendquartorfl.
This ended the interview with the
justice. Yesterday morning, Strick
land, tho Columbia Constable, having
recovered from tho effects of his
"artesian water," and being nblo to
take charge of himsolf again,repaired
to tho South Carolina Railroad depot
in a carriage in company with ex
Governor Frank J. Moses, boarded
the lightning train, and in & few
moments was off for Columbia.
Col. Charles W. Montgomery is re
ported to have left the city for Coluin
bin with the intention of delivering
"my dear joskpxiub."
It was currently reported on the
streets yesterday, that "My Dear
Joaephus" (Woodruff,) and two men
had launched a small boat, evening
before last, and rowed out to the
bark Cuba. On passing tho Reveuus
Cutter, they took Capt. Hoffman, a
Customhouse officer, aboard, who ac
companied tho party. On arriving
at the bark Capt.Hoffman aud Wood
ruff, it is said, boarded her, and awai
ted the sailing of the Virginia for
Philadelphia. When the Virginia
was sailing by she was hailed aud
Woodruff put aboard, near quaran
A reporter fur the Journal of Com
merce called ac Mr. Woodruff's house
yesterday to verify this report. His
son stated that his father had gouc to
Philadelphia ou private business, and
that the reasou ho had boarded the
I steamer in tho harbor was that he h id
I beeu detained in the city too late to
j embark on the wharf. He added
that his father was expected back on
next Friday week, and would be in
Columbia on that day, Up to 10
e'clock last night no warrant for his
arrest had been issued.
off for columbia.
Jones was driven in state last night
to the depot in charged of Detective
Coates, and put aboard the train for
Columbia. He was met on the train
by ex-Senator Hayne, colored, who
accompanied the prisoner and tho de
tective to Columbia. Jones ou leav
ing the Guardhouse seemed very
much depressed in spirit.
My patrons and friends will please bear
inninul that I purpose opening iuy school
(Orangeburg Academy) on the lirst Monday
in September next at 0 A. Mi
JAMES S. I IKY WARD,
july 28 It.
Dr. Legare informs hi* patients, who
have engagements with hint now pending,
that having removed his Office to his pre
sent ic.sidetit on Kussel Street; all calls
must be left at his house, night calls more
especially By so doing immediate atten
tion can be rendered.
Office and Residence opposite Slater's
Hotel, Kussel Street,-Orangeburg, S. C.
aug 28 2t
AH persons having claims against th?
Estate of Henry E. Smoak deceased will
present the same duly attested, and those
indebted will make pavment to
DAYlD A- Me.IVER
July 28th,?4t Administrator.
Partie* indebted for the use of my Stal
lion "Membrino Trustee" will please come j
forward and settle the same, or their
account will be placed in the hands of a
Trial Justice. .
Til AD. C. ANDREWS.
' july 28 tf
Fourth Annual Fair
WILL BE HELD AT
THE FAIR GROUNDS OF TH!
OBANGEB1IRG, S. C.
Beginning on Wednesday October 81s
at 9 o'clock A. M. and closing Friday
November 2nd at 5 P. M. after tho delivery
of the Premiums,
Tho Premium list of 1875 will be used
for this year, copies of which can be had at
the Secretary's Office. *
Any further information can be had
from the undersigned
KIKK ROBINSON, Sec
or from Directors
JOHN L MOORER, President
H RIGGS, J F IZLAR,
DR W S BARTON, W W CULLER,
DR J C HOLM AN, J. C. PIKE,
July 28 tf.
The Taylor Cotton Gin,
Has no superior for getting out a pretty
lint; for cose of running, and speed. This
Gin is iuy untried machine, being already a
favorite. For sale at the low price of $3.25
per Baw, A forty saw on hand. Any mo
delivered in ten clays.
JOHN A. HAMILTON.
NEW FAMILY FLOUR
WEED'S FAMILY FAVORITE
None Belter or Handsomer.
Plain Table.?.$ ?0.
Half Case.$ 35.
Caso and Draws.$ 40.
Full Cabinet.$ 50.
Amber and White Seed Wheat expected.
J, A. Hamilton
' TO RBNT
The Dwelling House (now occupied by
Thomas Cartimll, Esq.,) from August 1st
THAD, C. ANDREW*,
july Ii tf .
SCHOOL. ? I
Tho undersigned, having united their
educatioual effort*, will open, at the;; Fair
Building in Orangoburg, on Monday Sept.
3rd a High 8chool for boys and girl,- which
they hope will meet all the .requirements
of the community, and merit a continuance
of the patronage which has been so liberal*
]y extended to their separate schoolb,
Tho upper story of tho Fair Building
will be occupied by the girls, under one of
the principals; and the lower story by the
boys, under the other principal*
The most rigid rules will be enforced for
the maintainauce of discipline and deco
rum, and, except when recitations under
the eve of the teachers require, tho male
and female department will be kept strictly
separate 1 t
Boys will be prepared for college or busi
ness, and young ladies given a finished
The Musical Department will be under a
com pcten t teacher.
Reasonable board can be obtained. ?
TERMS PER MONTH.
Primary Department.S 200
For further information apply to either
of the principals.
Hugo G. Sheridan Stiles R. MelJicbamp
july 28 tf
Okanguburo, 8. C. July 20, 1877.
Liculs. W. V. Izlar, W. H, Pcrreyelear
and Geo. W. Brunson, of the Edisto Kit/en
nre authorized by Special orders from the
Office of the Adjutant and Inspector General
to collect all Statu arms, munitions and
equipments, hot held by organized bodies
of the State Militia, and to receipt for tho
All unauthorized persons having State'
arms, munitions and equipments i their
possession are hereby called upon to uoiiver
th?m up, without further notice.
Capt. Edisto Rificst
July 28 tf.
OFFICE OF SCHOOL COMMISSIONER.,
?RAXOEB?ROj July 20th 1877.
Notice is hereby given to the Trustees of
the several School Districts of this County
to make the enumeration of all children
know the age of (0) mid (10) re.frs residence
within ancTi School Districts, during tho
month of August distinguishing between
male and female white and colored free of
charge and the clerk's of said Board of
Trustees shall rct:i:*ii to the County .School
Commissioner a duplicate rktiiriled of th?
name Also I request the trustees of 6aell
School District to atect at ray olfiec en' Sat
urday Aug 25 at 11 A A tut business of irii
portanec is to lie transacted
Co. School Com. O. Crt.
rLAAX N< ?TIOI^
OFFICE OF COUXTY AUDITOR,
July 5th 1377.
Notice is hereby given that thin ofli?d
will he open to receive Returns of Personal
Property for ?ihu tbe il -year 1S77, on Tues
day the 10th day of July IS77. AB person*
over 21 yi'nrs and under 00 years of ago,
are required to pay a CAPITATlOX TAX
of one- Dollar. Taxpayers will carefully" note
any transfers of Heal E?tat ? made .tihee
June 1st 187ti to June Irl 1S77. All pro??
pcrty in the po.-.-icssitui, or under the control
of every person on the 1st day of June 1H77
(not exempt from taxation) must be Uetnrh
I will be at Branchvillc Saturday, July
At Fort Motte Tuesday, July 2*4,
At St. Matthews Wednesday, July 25/
At Bardins Store Monday, July 30.
At J. F. Ways Store Tuesday, July 31?
At Knott's Mill Monday, August 6.. i
At Glealons Tuesday August 7th.
W; L. W. Riley's Wednesday, August 8<
The office at Orangeburg will be open to*
the 20th day of August, after which time a
penalty of 50 cts will be added to the RE
TURNS of all DELINQUENTS.
JAS. VAN TASSEL,
july 7 _3t
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
ORANGEBuno Co?xty, 1 In Probate?"!
J3z Parts j Court
Jane M. Randale > Petition
Vt'idoW of Luther / for her . "H
Ransdalo "i Homestead."%
Public notice is hereby given that Jane
M. Ransdalo and her minor Olrildren,
Widow and Children of LutherRansdale
deceased, have applied by Petition to me
as Probate Judge for the County of Orange
burg to have their Homestead and Personal
Property Exemption, appraised and set off
I according to law out of the Estate of said
deceased; and I will act on said Petition 00
the 20th dav of August A. 1 >. 1S77.
C. B. GLOVER,
Judge of Probate,
july 21 ot
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
Obanoeburo Conntt, \ In Probat?
Ex Parte \ Petition
Sarah C. Collier [ for her
Widow of \V? O. Collier J* Homestead. ,
Public notice is hereby given that Sarah
I O. Collier and her minor Children, Widow
and Children of W. 0. Collier decased, hav?
applied by Petition to mo as Judge of Pro
bate for tho County of Orangeburg aforesaid
to have their Homcslead^and personal pro
perty Exemption, appraised and set ofl ao?
cording to law; and thnt I will act on said
Petition on the 20th day of August A. I>.
C, B. GLOVER**
Judge of Probate,
July 21 _5l
A very desircablo. H?U?E and LOT,
now occupied by Ohas, 8. Bull. For
further particulars,,apply to
<J. W. MOSELEY.
june 3 ^