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TWO DOLLARS PKK ANNUM. }
GOD AND OUR COUNTRY
ALWAYS IN ADVANCE
SATURDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER!8, I8TT.
DeTreville & He, ward
fATTORNKYS AND COUNSELLORS
Oruiigcburx V. II., .S. C.
V$$" Will practice in the various Courts
of the State
w. J. DeTi'cvillo, James S. Koywartl
June 2.J tl*.
A Biff Ali LATIIUOP,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Oi"Tii^o1->ni\tr, S- C
ton?" OHico in"rear of Masonic! Hull,
March 0 lv
Xnowlton & Wannaraaker,
COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
OrjiiiKcbm'K C II.. S. C
?Aap. B. Kaon Ihm, F. M. VViinimiiiaker,
'Orangehurg C. IL St. Matthews,
mnv 5 1877 tf
X>R. B. P. MIICKEIVFUSS
llentiat Rooms over Store of Mr. Geo. 11.
if@T* UlittrgcH Rcasoxahlc.
MENTIS T RY.
Dr. Ti. S. Wolfe can he fotuul al his office
?over Kzvkiel't* Store where he is prepared
?to execute work on t'ne most improvul
? style.*, at short notice ami at reasonali
rprice?' All vork euarjintceil.
.June 'M , tf.
"The Great Remedy for all Diseases of the I.iver.
"The'Graft Cure for Dyspepsia and I.iver I ii-u-.iso.
?z?&trE?2 ATZKE -
^PojlI Cure for Indigestion nut)Liver Di*eas*.
< j The '?wyt-tJurc for Constipation and I.iver Disease."'*
. take HEPATINE
? "The Great Cure for Sick Iica<lachc-& I.iver Discus*.
TheOraat Cure fiwCliills, Fever?and Liver Disease.
1 The Great Cure for Hitious, Attacks and Liver Disease.
Tor Sour Stomach, Headache and Liver Disease-.
"TFor Female Weakness, General Debility and Liver
A state of the Stomach in which
its functions arc disturbed, often
with .ui the presence of other
diseases, attended with Iosk of
appetite, nausea, heartburn, sour stomach, rising oi
?fond after eating, sense of fullness or weight in the
'Stomach, acrid or fetid eructations, a fluttering or
sinking at the pit of tlicstomach, palpitations, illusion
?of tlie senses, morbid feelings and uneasiness of vari
ous Vlcis, and which is permanently cured if you take
?: ie iPATiisriE
IW Constipation or
IN Costiveness ?
IW A slate of the bowels in which
the evacuations do not take iil.no
x.s designed by nature and are inordinately bard and
?xpelled with difficulty, caused by a low state of the
system, which diminishes the action of the muscular
?coat of the stomach. This disease is easily cured if
you will lake
?ei is pati nsriB
A condition of the Stomach pro
dliced by inactivity of the I.iver,
when the food is not properly
digested, and in wliicli Condi
itton fhc sufferer is liable to become tho victim of
?nearly every disease that human flesh Is heir to?
?chills, fevers and general prostration. It is positively
?cured if you take
ZEH IE PATI IsTIE
Sick & Nervous
It was nt one time supposed that
the seat of the brain was in pie
stomach. Certain it is a wonderful sympathy exist*
between the two, and what effects one has an iniiiio.
diatc effect on the other. So it is ib.it a disordered
Stomach Invariably is followed by a sympathetic ac
tion of the brain, and henttnehes all arise from this
cause. Headaches arc easily cured if you will tpke
ZE3I IE PATI
The former is the primary cnnie
of the latter. A sour stomach
creates the beat and burning sensation. The con
tents ol'the stomach ferment and turn sour. Sick
stomach, followed by griping, colic and diarrb<cn,
. When ttic skin is yellow, TAKE
When the tongue is coated, TAKE
DEATH TO DISEASE!
For bitter, bad taste in the mouth, TAKE
A?"*A tcnspoonful in a wineglass full of water, as
directed on bottle, and you never will be sick. This
is saying a great deal, but we
MAKE NO MISTAKE!
; FIFTY SOSES IN EACH BOTTLE. *
FOR SALE 1IY
A. C. DUK ICH, DrUggta.
? may IU 1S77 ly
[KOK THE NEWS AND TIMES.]
A Jewish Wedding.
The writer was privilegd, in com
pany with several from our Town, to
receive an iuvit it ion to an fsraclitish
wedding at Lowisvillo, S. C.
The parties were relatives of our
learned townsman "RA.nni" Ilten,
who seemed, with his son, to act as
tnastt r of ceremonies.
Three vehicles containing seven
men, left Town at 3 p. ni., and after
a pleasant ride of some 13 miles,
found themselves in Lewisville before
the appointed hour. G p. in.
Wo received a cordial welcome
and stood prepared to witness a cere
mony new to most of our party. After
a little delay, several young men
took from a corner of the room a
curious long package, which,on being
openvd, proved to be "TilK CAXOPY."
This was the Pnradice?a representa
tion we suppose where Adam was
Four stout mahogany uprights
with circular bases, were placed in
the centre of the floor and connected
tit the top by cross pieces. Over this
was thrown a white cloth canopy,
etilight up in loops with cord and
tassels. Stretched from one post to
another was a wide blue ribbon, hav
ing printed, in the hebrew character^
a welcome to the bride ami groom.
A table was placed in centre, upon
which we saw a small silver pitcher
containing wine, several wine-glasses
and a lamp.
The Rabbi or priest, Rev. Steely of
Columbia, S. C, then came forward
ho'diilg in his hand a bag. He was
a small, dark man with very bright
and intelligent eyes. On a si^n from
him, the bride was brought from her
room by two bridesmaids, while two
^o.ousmen pro liiceil the trembling
groom from iuio?"her- quarter.
They were placed side by side aud
then all present were requested to
place their hats upon their heads
during the. ceremony. The scene nt
this point was very striking. The
bride in her costly and beautiful
attire, seemed to fully appreciate her
position and Iii?I her face from view?
the groom, also handsomely dressed,
I with the maids and men attendant,
standing in wailing attitude, while
the guests Jew and Geutile looked
The Knbbi here opened his bag, j
from which he took a book, a cap and
a sash. Having opened his book, he
placed the little eap upon his head
und threw the sush over his shoulders.
The couple faced the East and
having clasped hands the ceremony
commenced by the Priest solemnly
asking each one if he or she desired
wedlock, somewhat in this way, "I
! ask thee, Lcophole-, soli of
Abraham-, dost thou desire to
have the woman whom you now hold
by the hand? Dost tluu, in the
presence of Almighty God. of these
men of your race and oi these many
witenessts voluntarily declare your
desire to have this woman to wile
according to the instituted order oT
holy religi in and the custom of your |
race? Then answer, "I do !"
Jh the same manner the bride was
j made to signify her wiliincss. Then
i the Priest .iufmed in the soft hebrew
a part of the service, lifter which tak
ing a ring from his pocket he caused
the groom to put it upon the finger of
After sonic further reading, the
Priest to>.k a glass of wine and pre
sented it in turn to bride and groom
who each sipped it as did also the
Priest. Then two Of the assisting
ministers, one of whom was "Rabbi''
Rich, read from the hebrew book and
held the glass of witio. Alter which
the Priest declined the couple man
and wife and placing a wine glass be
ncath the feet of the groom, the latter,
w ith his foot, crushed it into frag
ments and the Priest said: "May it
forever be as impossible to sunder
you two, as it is impossible to join to
gether these fragments."
This closed the ceremony and the
whole pai'tyi after heaving music from
the Orungeburg string l and, marched
in to supper. A large table, prob
nbly fifty or sixty feet long, was load*
ed with everything the taste could
desire nud, after partaking of its
bounties, the guests ^proceeded to
spend the evening as best pleased
Tnis Wedding feast was prefaced
and concluded by solemn and pecu
liar religious ceremonies.
On the winde it was a remarkable
occasion, anil one notable fact was
the perfect good-will, joyousuess and
hospatality exhibited. Our hebrew
friends know how to enjoy themselves
During the whole proceedings not
an unpleasant word was heard and
not a sign of immoderation in any
respect was visible.
The most noMceoble items were the
beauty and solemnity of. the services,
the handsome costumes of the bridal
party and the tasteful abundance of
the wedding feast.
To "Rabbi" Rich, the Orangeburg
guests arc indebted for a rare aud
[FOlt the news and times.]
Convention School Trustees
On Saturday August 25th a Con
vention of the School Trustees of the
various Townships of Oraugcburg
County wus held at the Court House.
The School Commissioner having
called the meeting to order, on mo
tion, Yaudy Bowman was elected
Chairman, and Stiles R. Mcllicharop
The first business claiming the at
tention of the Convention was the
employment, of Teachers, and the
making-of necesrary arrangements
for "tIro-??Jinog opening of the public
schools'! "*A.fter fio'uie '-discussion the
following resolution otTered by S. R.
Mellichamp was passed :
IWra/, That the School Com
missioner he requested to confer im
mediately with the State Superintend
ent "I Education with a view to ob
tain Mich advice aud information as
may be useful to the Trustees in open
ing and successfully maintaining the
public schools for the ensueing year,
and that the School Commissioner
convoy suid advice or information to
the Trustees, as soon as received, in
such manner as he may find most
The following offered by B. G.
Frederick was also passed :
Wiiekeas there have been various
prices paid to Teachers in the differ
ent districts of the County,
Rrwfvett, That wc the Trustees of
said County determine to- lay what
prices wo will pay the different
Teachers nccordiug to their re
In accordance with the above reso
lution the following offered by H. II.
Hnnes was passed :
R-W/W, That the limit of pay to
the different grades ofTeachors bo
fixed as follows: 1st. grade $40,
2nd. grade 830, and 3rd. grade -S20
per month, but that the Trustees be
niilho.iy.cd to employ Teaclurs at any
prices below these figures that they
may be able.
file following offered by II. II.
Ilaties was also passed :
Rc.Wf.fv/, That no school with less
than fifteen scholars should be estab
lished by the Trustees, at the above
A discussion arose on a motion for
the people to build their school houses
without drawing on the public school
fund, which was participated in by
Dr. R. \V. Bites, R. S T.iariu. S. L
Duncan, Hump Miller, T.K.Saspor
Ins and others, but the motion was
After the passage of a resolution
offered by II. II. Hancs, that the pro
ceedings of this meeting bo published
in tho Orangehnrg News and Times,
the Convention adjourned.
S. II. Mellich amp,
In calamity, says the Arabic pro
verb, there is hope, fur the end of a
dark night is tho dawn.
Editors Chronicle and Constitution'
aliat: I was last week at the \Yhite
Sulphur Springs, in Virginia, where;
I met Commodore Pegratn, who is eo
well known throughout the country, j
In the course of conversation, at?
which Dr. WilliamHuger, Mr. Frank j
Huger nnd other Cliarlcstoninns were,i
present, the Commodore gave us the !
following information, which was so %
new to all of us that I determiued t'dE
publish it, which I now do, with thq*j
Commodore's consent, that the geutlo"**1
man whose heroic conduct is narrated'"
may receive nt the hands of his folio wf
citizens that honor which he has ?3>
richly merited. In the year 180?^
Commodore Pegram, then in cdmi
mnnd of the Nashville, was, with his:
wife, in English wntcrs. One day a
very bright-eyed, intelligent, well
mannered young gentleman, an I2ug?jj
lishmnn, came to him, and asked that
he might take passage with him toy
the Southern States, as he wanted ty^'l
come and join the army of the Sout!v?P
erti States. Commodore Pegram rc-tf
fused the request,saying he ^as under
age and he could not think of takinat.
the fouth out among strangers, to rurt?
all the risks of war. The young man,
besought the Commodore, hut in vain."
he asked if he could get the cousentf
of his guardian if he would theu let
him have passage? The Commodore)
still declined. Tho youth then ttcntl
to Hon. W. L. Yancey, then iu Lou.*
don. He so worked upon Mr. YauiT,
ccy's feelings that he wrote an earn*^
est request to the Commodore to bringj
the young man over. Still the Cojn-;
modorc refused. Just then the Q?een'
of England, Jinviug gone down to^the
const, and seeing the Tuscaror^, trod'
Nashville iu port, ordered hnth to Sea.
This command, for rca-ions, the Com
mud ore declined lo obey, and ho.wtint*
up to London to arrange for his sW**^
While away, sotnc hands were shipp^d/a
on the Nashville, and in dueco^ftstj^
tUc. pv.t out to c.oq .-Somo-dava^^B^
the Commodore was accosted by'a
veiy bright youth, who was all bo
jrrimed with coal dust and dirt. He
asked who he was and where he hud
conic from, and, to his surprise, found
it was the young man who had tried
to come as passenger. He told the
Commodore ho must ovorlook it, but
he had determiued t > fight for the
South. The Commodoro, pleased
with his spirit, told the officer of the
ship to put him to some other work.
One day, a cortain paper passing
through the young man's bauds to
the Commddore, he said it was very
bad English, and, if the Commodore
would allow him, he would correct it.
This was done, and so excellent was
the report as made out by the youth,
that the Commodore immediately
made him the Captain's clerk. On
the arrival of the Nashville in the
South, the Commodore informed the
secretary of the Navy of his appoint
ment, and asked that it he continued,
this was ai once done. Soon after
this Commodore Pegram was put in
command id the James River squad
ron, and took the English youth with
him, to whom he had become greatly
attached. The Commodore says more
faithful or intelligent service he has
never seen rendered than did that
young man give to a cause lor which
he had left country and friends, and
had come, a perfect stranger, to help
them iu thoir struggle for constitu
tional freedom. The fleet iu tho
James River was, for a long while, iu
active. It seems-that this young
man's spirit chafed, for ho had come
to fight, aud so one uight a splash was
hea rd alongside of tiie ship, nnd soon
a man was seen rowing over toward
the enemy. Tiure was a general dis
charge of guns at him, hut it was uot
known w bother he was hit or who he
was. Tho roll was called, and none
was missing but tho young English
man. The Commodoro was very
much hurt by this, but ho felt sure it
would bo explained. A few days
afterwards there was a very heavy on
gagement, in which Capt. Pograin's
battery was iu the thickest. After
tho fight Commodoro Pegram receiv
ed a message from his rolativc, saying
there was a young Englishman with
i them badly wounded who wished to
*fiee him. Tho commodore went at
once. Capt. Pegram told him that he
had"never witnessed stich cool bravery
?in his life as this young man had dis
played; that he knew he had come
from his ship; he had told all the cir
cuutstances. Ho bad swam out to
wards tho Yankees to escape our
seutinels, but had turned as soon as
^possible ami swam to Capt. Pegram's
battery where ho had taken part in
'tho light, aud had been severely
wounded in the leg and the shoulder.
The commodore had him taken to
Mrt. Cury's, in Richmond, and care
.fully nursed. While there an order
was issued for an examination of men
for office in the ordnance department.
Commodore Pegram furnished his
young friend with books, and came
?t\Vo or three times a week to examine
jiim. The commodore says he pro
-.greased so rapidly that soon '.to found
[himself unable to examine him, as he
knew more about it than ho did. He
.-introduced the young woutili I man
tri .a certain gentleman in Richmond
^who had some very line horses. This
^gentleman conceive^u di a liking for
tho intelligent, bravo young fellow
that he ottered him the pic't of his
horses if he would come out No. 1 in
the examination. This the youth
'modestly said could scarcely be ex
pected. Well, said the gentleman,
pass your exam hint inn and you shall
have the second choice. The examina
tion came off, tho young man came
out No. 1. The best horse of the
stuhle* was given him, and still
wounded and against remonstrances
he reported for duty. Before the war
was over he had pushed himself up to
the first position in his department.
.Commodore Pegrain's history is mach
longer than this, but it may be sum
med up in these words?that in all
\hh experience of men he never met
j^fpilh ? more devotion ' to duty, more
ffiSffi-^ action, seldom more ability
tban-1 ms^uuuf,? j tJioV:.?7 <> di^ilnjk
ed on all occasions, and in oiVry p'sy
linn, and now he has for him the
most sincere and devote ! aifjctidn.
The circle to whom those things were
told were all so ignorant of thorn that
it occurred to us that many others
were curious, and that was only due
to ourselves that we should all know
the record of one wdio has for weal or
woe cast in his lot among us. This
young Englishman, my fellow-citi
zens, is none other than F. W. D.tw
son, Esq., one of the able editors of
the Charleston Nicies ami Courier. All
honor to whom honor is duo.
A Toomeu Pouter.
fail at the root of the plant, grain fails
at the mill; and when, from waste at
the mill, phosphate fail in the bread,
tho hones and tho teeth fail in grow
ing bodies. The improvidence that
leav2s excretory phosphates to be
washed away to the salt sea, farther
from the reach of life than they were
in the piimitive rocks, is an improvi
deuce that prepares an inheritance of
poverty for after generations; and the
ruthlessness that permits the pur
veyors of food to sift phosphates from
the food of men, docs its part to en
feeble the present generation.?
Amieut B. Prescott, in Popular
Efjtts for Winter Use.?It is a
foolish plan to be seeking the best
method for "putting down egg." This
used to be deemed one of tho first
tests of thrifty house keeping?the
number of eggs put down for winter
use. But a much hotter way is to
have your eggs fresh tho year round.
If hens have enough to eat and of tho
right material, they will lay in Win
ter as well as Summer. Farmers
always expect to feed some grain to
the fowls; then if thoy would save all
of the waste meat that accumulates in
the fall to feed tho lions iu the winter,
they would be rcpaidjn fresh eggs.
This makes good work for the boys,
in saving such refuse, insomo out
building, to chop up and uso when
needed.?American Poultry Journal.
A Georgia Farmers Experience.
The Columbus (Gu.,) Enquirer gives
tho. following as the experience oftln
Georgia Fanner. Wo think it is also
the experience of the North Carolina
Farmer. "Iain poor because I buy
more than I sell. Iu tho first place I
buy a part of my meat from tlie
Norlh-wofrtj iny fish comes from Port
land, fur the taking of which the
Mainolander receives a bouuty from
the Government; My onion sets and
all my garden seeds I buy from Michi
gan. I sold the wool from eighteen
sheep at Si7j cents per pound to an
agent of a hat manufacturing com
pany at Reading, Pa. Four months
thereafter I bought a bat from the
same company, paying at the rate of
six dollars a pound for the wool. Tho
hide of a buck I sold at five ccnt3 per
pound, it went to Klinira, New York,
was tanned, sent back, and I bought
it at 35 cents per pound, and it weigh
ed mote than it did ivlieh I sold it.
My ax-handles came from Delaware;
my pen, ink and paper from New
York. Am I the only fool in Geor
gia ?"?Carolina Farmer.
A Launduy Secket.?The follow
ing receipt for doing up shirts will bo
found of use to many housewives :
Take two ounces of line white <;am
arahic powder; put it into a pitcher
and pouj- on it a pint or so of water;
and then, having covered it up, lot it
stand all night. In the morning pour
it carefully from the dregs into a clean
bottle, and cork it and keep it for uso.
A tablespoonful of gum water stirred
into a pint of starch, made in tho
usual manner, will givo to the lawns,
either white or printed, a look of
newness, when nothing else can re
store I hem, after they have been
Cutckvis Cuoi.kua.?Seeing con
siderable about this disease iu the
different poultry and agricultural
.3 ??v^vou-a;v.cry simple
cure, which was :c?feiuiH?ti;viti3Ma.
by a lady friend. AVe bave tne^It^'f'
and found it "work to a charm." It
is simply a piece of salt bacon or
shoulder nailed to a stump or board
and placed where the fowls can pick
at it. Old wormy stuff tbat is not
fit to eat is just a? good as any, and a
large piece can be bought at almost
any country store for u mere song.
Try it.?HayseEd, Jefferson La., in
&on o f the. Soil.
I would lather have forty acres of
land and a log house with one roam?
yes, and The woma i I love, and some
lattice work over the window,sso that
the sunlight would fall checkered on
the baby in tho cradle, and a few holly
hocks nt the comer of the house?I
would rather have that, and a nico
path leading down to the spring,
where I could go and hear the water
gurgling; would rather live there and
die there than be a clerk of any
government on earth.?AVw Orleans
- I ? ? - ? ??? ???? -
Last June a western farmer turned
100 shouts, averaging 125 poiifids
each, into a twenty-acre clover field,'
kept them there four months, and the
first, of October they averaged a
weight, of 230 pounds each, or again
of nearly 500 pounds of pork to each
acre of clover, besides the land was
well dicssod with hog manure. It is
well known that hogs .*ea on clovor
during the slimmer months are offino
condition to finish off with corn in the
Spanish Moss.?This cpiphrto
(plant parasite) so abundant in south
ern forests, is med for cushions nud
other upholstery purposes, for pack
ing purposes, and ovon for papor
making; 10,000 bales have been ship
ped from the port of Now Orloaus
alone in one year.
Good luck is a bird of fine feather,
but good thought takes tho early aud
the lato worm.
Farmers gather what they sow,
while seamstresses sow what thoy