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A J. FRANCIS.
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From the America Agriculturist.
TREATMENT OF MULES.
1GAsTON," On page 187 of the Agricul
-tyrist, gives his sad experience with stock.
and makes a most lamentable face of it, in
being !the most Anfortunate people in the
world'." He gives-you, I know,a faithftil
acconnt of the how, that work-horses are
geierally treateil-but 1, for one, enter my
caveat against the treatmdnt, and -say, no
snan has any right to accuse our Maker of
partiality, who will treat 9itock in this man
ner. I here give you a true anti plain
etatement hnw I do,-an defy a man to visit:
the Hlalland find anythiin to the contrary.
My team turns out about 4 o'clock, these
diays, says about dayligh;. at II o'elick
the horn ssounds, Which calls them from
the field; theinules are all turned into a
lot, where my cows are fed anti milked,
having in it a trotigh 50 feet lang, under a
Toof, in which salt lies the year round, with
ashes occasionally mixed therewith. Here
the mules walk about, wallhw, and rest tin.
1i0 cool; iWhen they are turned into-a horse
lit atijoining, and ven in one corner to
water; they, of their own accord, return to
the stable, ivhere foodis present, each one
to his stall, there tied, curried. and rubbed
-my manger is nevet empty. At 2o'clock.
P. M.,. the horn again sounds, when the
hands ttirn'out4 hyving wateed again, and
work uttil dark-, when they return to the
lot, and undergo sisniilar treatment. -
I useno racks,-[ use no long provender;
and about half the time I use c.,b end COrcii
meal; provender and thie latter is thorough.
ly spriikiled, so as to be damp, witi a weak,
brire. I feed about one wcek::with the
meal above mentioned and cut'tstuff-being
fodder,'millet, hay, and eltuckb-another
week on corn and cut stuff. *My -troft
(Webster s- ys troughl)-is 2 feet wide at
bottom, I foot deep, 2 1-2 wide at top, and
S feet long. with a partition of about 20
inches for corn; it is cleaned out ifevery.
thing, once a'week,and whet wet stuf Ias
been used is well cleaned out with a cloth
wet in brine,
This is my mode-and I was boru andi
raised in this glorious South, and here
mean to live and die:-and, by the by, ex
cept one mule, I have not had a case of co
lic; since the Sheeif, et id omne genue,
drove mne out of fine doings in 1839,-to at
tend tlis' small b'siness'. I say nOw to
friends, Mirth,' South, East, nad 'West, I
do not in truth consider there is anything
in thii,. but sys.tem, andbelieve it was my
profession thalt gave me this, 1which leads
mi to say, as-I d14 believe, that the doct'i)rs
of A merica are beund to be as useful menc
to this country, ini givinug more system to
the science ared art of agriculture as any
other class.- I am proud tof my profess'ion,
and-pgoud of my country, afg say that I.
m~iay stimulate .mybrotherihlips to greater
exertion, and y~ brerhteagef this
clime miy pro :~e~ by, asge~irais by my
Ed oid'Depot as.Jan1 8d4o
Fio- W AT.>
Those who he p~t eededl their whueat,
shouldpuh aheefiti in as e peedily
as pobsible. Shou ldmany have delayed
ploughuing 'their landis 'intendedl for this
crop,' and have that .work yet to perform,
wea would admonish the'n to be careful, arid
see that thEIr ploukhpugn do th, s.work
thoroughhy.-thar they 'pkugirtkde ,l nverb
the soil well, and baurrow anti roll until the
soil shall have been reduced to a complete
slate of pulverization.
PRRPARATION OF THE~ SERD.-To ensure
your .next frar's crop againrt, the' - sut,
you.ahould wash your'seed wheat in "pure
wvater, until It ceases to be discolored, tak
ing care to 'skim off. all the" light ?i-ains
wvhich may float on its suirfsces? and cast
themp to the pigs;!. Then aoak the sued in
salt arnd water, made ssiiciently strong to
float anegg, for htwelve'..hours. As thi'e
seerbie about being . sowinl di'aln off-the
brine,,.and. dryithe. whea( in' slacked lime,
'or ashies. Noaarrotew wheat should be tak-'
en out of the brIne daily that can be so'wn
the.same-dayr, and-the esetil when east upson'
the'earth sho~uld be copveeils pedl as
tknsoiag iuivimibly ien'dsi toligishe ro
4ucts wibave never enterg.Ih~d 'any do~i
;t isotisonant with enmirtOss 4na
reason J#t ifwte do nt givein t ea
a stiffiel frusnatofisyeof i ed .rail
tukea9,.Aant*, tai ndiue will e
unoccupieil spots ,with tveedeT t
this, shoaid be the'object of all, ndahdire
fore, no one.ihuuld sow less tihan twobu h
els'to the acre.
MANAoSMENT F I T E SoiL. AFTER
ING.-Let the ground ie ibelf yhrrOw
and then rolled twiceWith a .heay.rol
in orderthat iie soil tidy beNes'd around
the seed, and thtss secel ,early germination,
a thing most desirable to be effected, By
this comiression dfsthe earth, moisture is
the nore certainly retulned, ai a time when
it is most wained. ,
To P-DR Iseio.-W here it i poss blrto
do. so, the het resltis would enskei frorh'
-giving to the wheat field a topnl~ssing
composed of gve bushels oyster sh'ei1 lime,
five of Ashesand one of Salt,,whielt would
be the more ATfective by being suffered to
remain in piles some day's before being
used. , We prefer oyster shell lime, be
cause in that we have the phosphate of
lime, a substance not to be found in stone
lime, but most essential.to the success of
the wheat plant..
Rys.-If there be any who have not
sown their Rye, we should advise thein not
to do so at this late period. I, lIowever,
they should be disinclined to take our ad
vice, and should determine still to put in a
Rye crop, our opinion is that they should
not sow until late next spring. Should
they thus delay sowing, it will be necessary
to sow a busheI and a half of seed to the
acre, and to plough it in about three incia
es, then harrow and roll.
hMANuas.-As rganure is the goldlmine of
the agriculturist, so should 'al e the dity
of every one to lay the grotia work of a
supply. at this season of the year. , There
fore, so soon as the leaves'fill, send your
cart and wagons to the'woods and gather
as many loads of leaves and mould as will
enable you to cover your cattle yards twelve
aulches deep. In the arrangement of the
y rds sdspread the substaces as to cause
a- isi ke inclinatiion to the centre, in or
er th there mnay be no loss from wash.
m.gkaWay. To prevent any loss from the
evapoioon ofthe liquid voidings of your
edtile, sprinkle yotir yards occasionally
with plaster or charcoal.-When your cat
tle yards shall have been furnishied-vth
the. requisite qtfinlity of leaves saind mould,
see that your hog pens are also similarly
ireated. Without Periodical supplies of
manure are given to the land, the best soils
will wear out; hence it is, that it should be
considered by every agricultor as his first:
duty, to secure it in ample quantities. Lgi
this fact be impressed upon each, that the
sooner leaves are gathered, and disposed
,fin the cattle yards and hog pens, after
they fall the larger quantity of manure will
be secure for his crplps.
ROOTS OF ALL. KINDs.-Let these be dug
anti put away before they get injured by
CHENEY THE HUNTER.
A character in the interior of New York
State, of whom a correspondent of the Tri
bone gives the following long but interes
Some tent or fifteen years ago Cheney
theni a young mant, left Tiuncondleroga, anti
writh hits rifle on his Ehoulder lunge~d into
theso then unaknowvn, untrotdden wilda.
Here lie liveud for years on wvhat his giun
brought him. Findhing ini his long stretch
es through the forest, wvhere the timber is
so thick, that yoau cannot see an anaimal
more than fifteen rods, -tat a heavy ri
fle was a useless butrden he got him a
pistulg1ade, about eleven inches in length,
which with his hunting knife anti dog be.
came his only companions. Eight (lays
at a inme lie ha!l been out of sigit of a hui.
man beinigor habitation, hunting by day
and lying dIown by night unider the tre'e
that gave him the, most inviting shelter.
I had htim wvitha me four or five days as a
guide, for he knowvs every road of this de
solatit land as if it wvere his farm. Moose,
deer, bear, panthetrs, wvolves anud wild cats,
have 'by turns become htis spisil, and some
of his etncounters would haonor o ld Danie l
Boone huisef. Onsce lhe enmie smttultay
upon a panthier that lay cr'tschede fosr a
sprinig within a sinagle b'himd of him ~. lie
had nothing hut his pistol with aim,, while
the glaring eyes anti gatheredl fourm, "('the
furious animal before him, tohal hima th'dt a
moment's delay, a miss, or a false ste'p,
wvould bring them locketd in each oilier's emi
brace andi inia death struggle. Bit-withott
alarm or overhaste he brought his pistol
to bear uipont the creature's head and' lted
just as lie was sallying back for thie spring.
The ball entered his brain, and wtith one
wild bound' his life departed andI ho'lay qusi
pering before him. Beipng a little curious
to kniow whether hexwas not somewvhnt
ugitated on fliding himself in such close
proximIty to a panither all ready for the fa
al leap, I auked him how he felt when he
" P ilaoat
that - nt,' b r m-q5
a r.e ca een c
itawf jn the n9j .He had d ar
gi e ~n; .slightly wounding thie aiianl,
whetn th lnnfuliaed icrea jaire matte atr hinm.
He hi d, n in is hind, and clublin it
ld ihe stok over th"*0lfs head" 18di& .
Yo ldit fiht, hat ie biokethes
ents oifr Its head;. then jpjsedI
the barre whic aking a better bludg ,
4don broke in the bra" 1thog1 notLitiIl
the solid iron'was 6 tid twisted 4sif it
lad been used f(Oa iier instead o$ iad-d
Once he' 1o1d m.heias Itot huhntlqg n
sa ofthoss, atid had 'jaist patad-'from. ili
cpjnpanion, to whom he jave his knifs,
ihen he broke through th e crust and came
upon aii6i' eeping out his Winter sleep
undei the root of a fallen tree. It-was an
old fellow, and shakiig off ila torpiditf at
this sudden intruslon ilon his-6urialpldIj
he rushed. forth atCheney- Cheney had
barely time to gather himselfup and. aake
ready before the huge creature was close
uron him. Fetching a dead aim *1th his
pis.ol right between the filiow's eyes, he
pulled .the trigger. The* cap exploded
without discharging. the pistol, while the
heur wesuviigin a few feet of him, waddling
along as inst-n8 his, univieldly form wonull
let him. He had no time to place another
cap,.so'seizing his pistol by the muzzle,
he aimed a tremendous blow at the crea
ture's head. But the bear caught it on his
paw with a cuff that sent it ten rods from
Cheney's hand; and the next-moment was
rolling over Cheney himself in the snow.
Ilis knife was gone, and in mere wrest
lang the bear evidently hal the advantage,
and the hunter's life seemed not worthF
straw. But just then his dog came up,
and seizing the creature from behind, made
him let go his hold and turn and defend
himself. Cheney sprang to his -feet and
began to look around for his pistol. By
good luck he sa w the breech just peeping
out ofdh.e snow. Drawing it forth and re.
t aef" i jeis snow-hoities, which had he
conm Ie Z, n this struggle, lie made after
tl&.bear,. When he and the dog closed,
hIoifelIIand kegan t! .rolln e over the
other downs thetuide'hilli4el in the em
brace i leath blathowewer, was
too Muih florilii iaand at length broke
loose, h-aving thelter laceratei iwIi lly,
said hie. RIknevg saw suc uqkjin a dog
before. As son's lie found iI was ready
for a fightahe was furious all bleeding as he
I'as,- to be after the hear. I told him
we would have the rascal if we died for it,
and away lie sprang, leaving his blood on
the snow as lie went. He grappled witlh
him, ani kept him at bay till I came up. I
tuok aim at his brad, meaning to put the
ball in the centre of.his brain, but it struck
below, and only tore his jaw to pieces. I
loaded up again and fired but didsnot kill
him, though the ball.went through his head.
'he third time I fetched him, and he was
a bouncer, I tell you."
With a moose fight I will bil good Che
ney farewell. ie wes out hunting when his
dog tackled in with a moose. There were
two of them together, and as Cheney enme
up, they bent their heads ahl made at him
like mal bufiTlues; I he bushes and sap
lings snapped under them like pipe stems
as they rushed forward. Cheney coolly
watcleld their approach, and cocking lis
pistol stepped behind a tree and fired as
they dashed by. His ball went clear
through aone anal lodged in the other.-Che
ney kills abuat seventy decer per annum.
lie has none of the roughnuessof the hunter,
but is one of the mildest, most unassuming,
pdeasanit men, you will meet with any
where. lie is now married and wvhoever
visits this region wittmut having Cheney
with him for several days will miss a gr~ai
A YANKEE IN A COAL SCREEt(
BY JOE MITLLEn,iR'.
Jn order to lead the coal - boats on the
Lehigh canal, a short but sidep inclined
plain of about one hundred aiit fifty feet in
length, Is made at the chute, which runas
from a station house on the side of the
mnounta in, to a large circular revolvinga
screen: To the loaded car is attached a
r~ppe wvhich draws up ani empty car, and, ar
rived at the screen, the lowver end of the
rar is stiuldealy unbolted, anal the coal is
shiot with great velocity into a hopper; this~
conveys it directly Into the screcn, whaich
hinii4three large chambers, thro'ugha which
eon I of as spamny sizes. Is riddled out, and
ahot by scuipperi., into just ias many bonats,
wvaiting for dhifferenmt descriptions of thie
A few months since, a Yanken of the
genuiine breed, quite inquisitive, bait more
verdant thnan a Yankee ushould be, gained
the station house, and uiazedl withm woanderI
it the contrivances. lie peenuiiarly adlmi-.
ed the swiaftness with wvhuich- he car de
cended andl eimptie'd its loada~ad the ye
'ocity wvith which it returned to give place.
SShortly his attention -was attracted by
~eeing a laborernmotine one ofttlie full cars
about to make the diescent.
T he cb-a swfl Jn
reached$ e p u
ne oJ l, u tr at
Iva 't j~ i
.; o . , - a.1.1sI *. ir_
answer,'"Si dky n moult 1a
ire single me d 'll tI o
l'o 1en emk nowft,'
"2WaI-now dli?lg tee estj
parat e theinire dd hii .beeo do
that.it would bie afgreat doC
the steej. in thadt way @Mo
d "t huht
"That; bett. se di w do It
"I'spose it doe
u conhiln letoa feli ls o ehnC
"Why, do yoli thinkyon 6 d -o
"Oh Yes, I'r rec:hed :3nerae. o
umper-jumpin' does me good; I once
jumped off a ha'y mow thirty feetikgh, and
it made me.sopuple LhatI'm given'up t1be
the best (lancer in the hul-township.
"Well, get gnmand take careo yourielf.'"
Suddenly tiebar moveti:ff and our
friend (jund th'e s'pe-d -so fearfuliand the
deelivity .ggreatt that- he wasokcMI to
stoop down and 'rasp the sides or the ve
hile fo.support. The place where the,
labiclru had leaped off was reached, but the
Ynnkee was not in a positie to jump; he
hiad( to hold on, and running'down a de
scent three times as steep as that which he
had come, a sudden clink shot tlie bolt,
andI *with a violent force, otit went the con.
tents, Yankee inVilided, into the hopy,,
"Murderi get me opt! stop the bonsarinj"
shouted our hero, as he felt himselfalilng
down the hopper to the cylinder Mr
derl stop the consarn-I'll.- be kille'dl"
But the motive power of "the consarn" wal
water, which lid no sympathy with those
who puirsue knowledge under difficblties,
and t hose who sa w Were too distant and ob
much convulsed with laughter to'yield as
sistance. Into the screen he slid, landing
on the top, and as he felt himself reVolv.
ing with the coal, he grasped the .wiresin
Liesperation,'to prevint himaeltfroim betig
rolled to the bottom-aroundthe whel he
wentaand our 'lid sensibilitIes were
touched up by a plentiful shower of fne
coal 6dust riddled through all the chaMberb.
Hie manageI to geq one. y ioen. and sa
with deliglit that the cyli "L'asonly about
fifteen feet in length, and o6rced hi iway
forward to the opening with degi n,
but it was not altogether successfei h
er revolution of the wheel had yet'tib
borne, and the next time he reachedq*li
bottoim lie wasn shot out ofthe scupper into
the boat beneath. To the screams of IUi'
ter with which his advent.was ha ou
hero said not a word, but, Kettinj' an
old handkerchief, rubbed the dust out of
his eyes, and, surveying Iis torni apparel
and bruised, battered, scratched and cut
limbs, he 'raised his vfein,' to know as-what
qualuty of antracitc, lie had been delivired
--When, smashiing lis remnant of a hat
uover his eyes, he stumped off, muttering,
"brolcn and screene4, by thunder."
St. Louis Reaill..
COURTING MADE EASY.
COURTING 5CENE, No._L.
Jonathan does you -.of6 bled beef and
.Darn'd if I don't Sewke; but a hot (lump
lin' uin't nothijo your sweet, tarnal nice
0, Ia I goi way', you Jonathan.
COURTING sCENE, Nn. 2.
Jonathan, did you read that are etpry
about tile mnan as was'hge aietsb
the bear. ugdt"dahb
'OGess id, SeWho, and it did makq i
(eel so badl.
Why, how 'did yoir febi, .*onathan?,
Ki rid'er sorter as-JifP'd like tollsigryou
e'enamost to dleath tew, you tsrtalynice,
piluimp, elegant little critter, you Sewke.
0, la I go way, you Johnathain.
COURTING 5CBNE,,No. 8
Ah ! Sewke 'yoie ich & ek
hecigho I'ic l
La!l ain't you asham f~one,
I wvish I was a ribb in, S~twke.
' Why for, hey?
'Cos, may be you'd tie me rotindl that
are nice pretty nfeck of yori'rn, and I
should like to be, dIarn'dl It I shohild nt.
0, lajrthere conmes mother, run I
9OURTINo scENE, No. 4.
Ah! 'Jonathiaa. I heard somethl aboY
La I now Sewke, you don't say so.
Yes, indeed, that'I did andl a great t a
iy said it, too.
Lawv I now what what wa s' z. ewke i
0, dear!: I can't tel oir. [Turning
0, Ia I do now.
-O no, I can'i.
0, yes, Sewke.
La! me 1 Junathan, you do peater a bo.
awna fmuhmemu ma
uhe hont f
hatalio erL 'n
Whe o,. oWn -
* eri ith R4.1
son bhy 6ofIl l
(l~ow p.. e
pruzcher-yif oua u
let it bes unhoped tl
n11 list 4wi;be
and yorare ssis enoui"c
on Surday-It I i
thotghjyounle. p nI owie &
flu I of ,d
Lite S ,. -
one uddted ithho
tal a d vIo'behb
if youtie ali oahe-~ v .,,
withontdaya n are h d ~
u11 han Ve u
ook on nh the
o c erU5tr0ii
Go~~~ abu traicl a
ioblishn'es di el Ibpr a ~
ii eal KIMhk1 ~ Lh~.t1 ,,
'e so~ex ai b "A
diAhetiip-4 rn4" teAft36
hen m Ua a ao 0
04-1 i hs
ruan 1:viie Njii ~ -
Yout any - e leS
et a habit wi 9 -
Take a flat at 4sti~ ~e ' ~ *
weridy wveWe n e e In" la. W -
Listen' toe goodid en thoi~i~'
come frm Mii y'UQ .'.fr
andsq . or
wer r .r.
aou *vc~ a lfbk~~i' ~
yNdu mean d1& rI
!A di e
ing o'ewegaera lset unfair'a . .,\f
ly. n Ina I ace
princifle sha al bextdd. endth .
phshopia it i heirh . o 4
row: theMari~sres 4'0
purchasing th66 , hat * 1js a
hieunguchne to? R
eivstare if ons a add '.1'
of a pair of sho.,k~ng~h ~~vu. K.?
ed to Beat
newspaper ftn "le
catch he *" e,
your 6 ur a
:.: 4, W"W4t
Ibli i'i"bi 6 11 rAw