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- -.r thon
- n or. er ik eioe "us
* ~~alth tal obef ate.
- trii~ ie~nt qf eleetgrs. It is
*~., riae1 ~jjji the 4se; but .iicequally
- l~1 a' ~pil'on asnotthefesul@i
- eat shtcenia nngth6 mOdead0P'
tt fit by th etae sbtunss
I, Jen tly misakie do.it err~n asserting
4~the gj ~~ majdritappointed thei-,
- e ge~~s eiherby IDisii ts'otheir Lo&gisE
-~ - iht mt m Uygeneral ticket.
- - - h' lie, exde 't1sts State, have
* a6'dtijed it, -is httributablef partly, tO th'4
- yloneltparty~struiggleq,.growviig out of alrq
Eres iltii ;election and partly to. that3
coneihra owr oft more
- nyneica fyajj-it a ifure~anginedt
nthese'struggles, one stae afteranther,
t-eoredintheir e@#erdtesire for victory,
!rIUthegra tick1 Irder toconeen
Sa' arsrpointed tf heuir Ldegis *tures
- gadually yielded to' the .tendency towar~ds
- ~t e n imerical minjority. -.That this state
-has been able" to reisist. successfully the
oeation ot;such powverful catties is attri
butable to ,the superiority of her Constitu
tie. Lonynay itsenable her to continue
- lher guceessfuil resistance,. and, instead of
-following the eill egarnple of others, mayv
t be her patriotism and pride to be an0ex
ample to thoreven if itshouldremain, to
be as it how is, a solitary one.
'With hese weighty and to my mind
overwhelming reasons against the aioptions
- of the general ticket, I iwouhsi .herecalsmose
the discussion, as far as regards i, _pi ing
wholly out ofmhe question, twere it notf.r
the deep convictin have, as to the is.
astrous conseguencessto the state, which
wouhi folluw,.should it be unfortunately
adop-te -l. IUder its infuence, I feel it to
- be a duty, in replying to 3 our note, to omit
no material reason against it. There still
remaips-one such, with which I shall close
thi.portionsof the discussion ofc the sub
ae,1Mrc -pJ)~ya e
L Those who support a general ticket
-: ~seem to me. with all duo da~i r,...'n e45
its adoption on a series of tinfousndestas
sumptions. They assume, in'the first piace,
that the federal Constitution vess.tbe op.
poiment of electorsi t -. e people. Bus
such is not the fact. On the contrary, it
expressly provides, that each state shuall ap
.i point its electors, with no other restric
tions, except that. the manner shall he as
directed by its Legislatore, and that no
Senator, or Representative, or person hold
Ing an. office of trust, or profit under the
United States shall be an elector. It is,
then. clear, the assumption, that thc fedter
al Constitution gives the appointment to
the people, rests on another assumption
that the people are the state. It is indeed
true tothey are, regarded iii their: organic
character, as constituting a body politic.
$1. In tha t~sense, the people are the state, and
the state te people, but no other. It is
not, however, in that sense, that the advo
cetes'of the general ticket use it. On the
contrary, they evidently aiply it to the
people,...in their unorganized character
as-mere indivl.duals,-a sense, , which the
1people are neverbcalled te state, nor the
state'the people. I say evidently, because
the eff'et of adopting it would be, to give I
the appointment to a mere majority, re
gardeud as so many individuals, I ithout the
slightest reference to the pecell'ar politi
cal organization of our state, or 'even an
stterppt to adjust theo erol a appnintifg
the electors, so as tf onform to it. lnet
thes astinsption, that tile people are the
state in that sense, is as unfonmded, a tbfe
first onwhich it ests, that the Constito
tedn gives the-appointment t to them. But
even this unfounde' numptio'n rests on
another equally so; that the rimsericas
majority .is the people, and on that rests
'the eonclusion,"thut: thosdoption of tihe
goe al' tickerthicirvoufd give the pow
q'6Ib ould' e the sonme as giving it to
. - 9 .~ leMAnd lhis.irjngxs us to the final'
an eradical. assngijitiotfifffiie'h lies rrt the
lbotom of the wihole skitifthlat the ma.
joritylas thea" natural, iiihetent'and ide
L'easi Vle right of governifig,-an asesumpi
Lion not only utteuly umnfdundm~ed, buit of the
most dlangerous character, end in dlirect
conflict wvith the Constitmimn oif this state
nnud'~ininf'the Union. All naumral sights
are' ti rights ofsindliyiduals, amnd belong
to clim .aneduch. They apperai neither
to majorities, nor minomritice, On the comn
truiry, all. political rig hts aroeconmventiomnal.
Ntifer majorities, nor minorides ran right.
fully e'xuoely any such, but by comppset
sir. agreemtonlt,. exlpressetl or -impliedl.
Somte of the' states of the' Unuin, it wvouldI
uuuith,.have bansed thir Csutitutions nu thme
jtiy.9gh ifttogven An-uhi
wa( ned etestt yipinin
n 4.dgi2ftegrba iktb
be tox e
II W - G ili'
ut. pttnonuIi b
La cair nujI d We; "~oTeea
zP*5ineIe~ist nrg t
y4ges.erolt . In
Ai 1 tj i t" t rsa mses tI theolik~p
sraiaintiin i left, Inutitf retain the 'res
.. n-6 ie f aspointment, or .do ''ih
ssidsy a~yniel: diviiig thO stote into
i ?e:of 'Dtstrije.quai to tihe aufriber
1f its eleefo0siandallot the*pp1iliment
uno ich [f t; shulil be - thought
pie e ,*to give the. apqaoirittient di
reo' to tjfe pevp.vith(ut :any inter,
media rgdtetaey, thenthe latter ,hyu0iIl be
aiiptjPdi as the in ly wa .by w )Wpk ican
b~e tt-utygiifev odfen'iand, thaat~ too, with
strictjitstice to th ttoireat divisions pf
the 'takend wiaftit se hazard f deg.
iroyinfgior disturbing tit copromise 'e
sweoi them. The 'trongest objection to
it is, thiatIt fmiglit dimvih-fih the relative
weight if the state in ath e Presldsfitial
election, e*sing it Vote to tshe haa rd
f dvi isin, 4i is i.ertainiy desis-ble to
avid that solng aotlheothr-ststes shall
desitibie to'concentrate'iheirs by agjiieral
tidketer ut,-I must any, ever setting this
bection asile,' that I ranste lo adeqante
reason. for changing the present mode.
Under our well constructieil anti just Ctn-'
stituti4n,"the Legislature may, 'With ettict
regard to truth, be said to ha the truetre
presentative oaf the state. It has: lreto
fore-proved to be so, its the appointmeol of
electors. In tin instance has it deceived or
botrrayed the stale in reference to it.
Nir am I aware of any formidabEi ob.
jection against continuirtg the present
moide, growiAgout of the late act of Con.
gress, which may net be niet by an ameaid.
rnent of our state Constitutiin, fixinig an
early lay fAr the eetiang of the Legisli
ture every fourth year, so that it may he
en session ta comply with its provisions.
ad in having a cil sehsiiah for that pur
pose, uvatil the amtnendmenvat can he imade.
Bitt wihether Ihut shoald be dine, or te
District system aslipted, notwithstanlitng
th.- hazaird ofl dividinig the vie of the
state, are questions to be- decided, inot sa
macl by reference to prinacinle, as consil.
erpjins - of expediepcy 'itn reference up
which the.. Legislature is the most compe.
Bit it is Aurgeil, that a change must be
made, because the Legislature las no right
oi appoint the electoirs. To this it may be
rairly answered, that the objection copmes
too late. Tite federal government has
been in operation miare thlin half.a centu:-.
ry- .l.,-ing~ whi'h, time. thetrsivie ,- been fif
-en Presideaul elections. at each of which
one or more states have .uppointed their
elector-by the .Le-gislaturia; unit in not a
Ringlo intatnce have the two houses of
Congress, in coutilng the Votes, objected
to receive thervateor a state, because it
was cst by electors appointed by its Leg.
But wvaivinag this answer, I cannot per
neive any asolid ground for the objection.
T'he federal Constitutican expressly vests
the peoger of apapointing the electors in
tImg.states; that Is, 'as has been showvn, in
thaefpeopie in) their organiizedi character as
ncavstittinag a bodly pQJitic, and thae power
raf directing the manner of ai pobinting ina
their Legislatures, without qualification.
lt is left to their discretioan to decide,
whether it shnll bie (lone directly by the
people of the,,state or inbdirectly through
iantermedeiate agents, provided the manner
Jirected, shall be such as to be fairly the
e't of the state; that is, of the pe'ople in,
he character above stated. The more
erfectly and fully it would he theirs in
lhat character, the more perfectly andi ful.
y waoild thte intentiona of the Conastitutipn
>e coamplied with, wihethier done thrcaugha
he direct vcote of' the people, or any inter.
nediate agency, including tihe Lc'gislature.
Buet it is certina, that wvith us. wvhatever
nay he the case ini other states, no other
egenacy cemubd be coanstituted car any other
noade of n ppcinmaenat adopted, that wvotald
novre' perfectly andi (tully' represenat the
tste, or ma~ake the ajpointment more truly.
ts nct, than that by its Legislature.
l have nw coampiecd ith your-requaest,
as iat ucha brevity as poss~ible consider.
nag the impoartaaavnc canaoplex chtarvacter
at the quvesticon involved. I have, inideed,
experenced~ ne inacoidcernhie difficualty,
vi discusainag scamfe cof ti points, to express
nyaself ith sullicienat clearness toa be wvell
ainderstoid, withacuit gobing inato a discus.
isun of' scomev of .4he funmdamenatal prinrci.
ales ofl puilticai science,; if it .mnay be so
aaileel aambl thaeretby, increasing uvareasona.
hlye thle lenagti) of may aswver to your r
neac't., As it is, I fear, in attempting to
votid pbryixity, I havec novt sufilcienatly-ex
>lnitted mya manming, son soea of, thie
)cinits, to escape tobscurity. -
Ini conctluasion permiit ime tco say, if wvhati
ha.ve w t'ri tten. shld he d alan nradvlitioaml
nmy oaf lighat ian thte natuare tandv chtaracter af
utr tecllenlt state Consletitutionm, Or-ciantri
ite ini anay diegrete, tos guard ngainist the
dept'ion of aniy meacasure vcalecula ted id cima
naird r4u weakin it, I shall feel vuyself anm
ely.tlhnpensaated lfar the tifne avad reflee
anm I hvec bestowed on hacmuia
ion- .C. CA L10UN.
.\ sr.James L.. Orr, \#illiam Glevin~
L. l~rinas, amid F. W. e ymmes..
K.k)a 4y- 2
'Oiqu .in p*. q r i*
himself. He isi opo a*
the minaner of ~el tI'gtetors'f
'And icle Preslliq Tb :pnf. n wo
of 4. a shG
We h e edf ' omt11
Spy of'Gov. 'AaKN's lMsi~g.T
Thisf a. able ditsaoait l reg~
teIand yIe rerejise T ia a th''eionI
b y raIlroatI of sonie oft bjirlcets isj f te
tere. iriver wh Iio'te~par eii Nolla~ou
Ine; nd theinest'ernt risel or -bR b
acter f. me of the. ft: ill'ain'gWrna:th e a aus
re e haer.the Stat i -t 0ri adi. Tle crtaIn(
ty otunipingrt heid o ibtfon itersah O er
nor's riooranlntian oF al.le ie worlpf1
eonslderation ans acio;r the ilnty nu.
ishient a di rhoiaj e ,_ thele r freg n
madoof no flct at Iib presentiday'hyithe attetndantj
seve'rily, This r enatian. or..theHon. die"
Mclfoprzn is nodiced'in teirn whelich do hnor tallan
hsene and heart wildlctaed i am, nd wlhice, a'.
mentr equally with the State t)itetirespent of .tm
distinguishesl patriot .end advocateiof free tradoe.-n
line, the Missage Is char-ot8riedAhro'uglout by.
that sterling go ri senaegieh soendInena-tn-i(
our, present Cliffongistrato, and.by thdsuffiiency
and comapactness with whi~h its vicwh are priseilted
On Friday morningtin 27th ilt.the mall stage
as it wvas leaving this lace, was u pset. Fortunately
there was osntly one prssenger, Mr. Btt.. .NavA.r,
Sthis place, wio was rid'gon the lox. 'Mr..
in end'avorisig to jump Iro$-tbe stege, was t riown
on his len leg which was severely apjained. His
numerous friend both hero and ese.wherei Il be
glad t oglearn that heiS gindu1tly, though slo w.y,-re
coveting from the effeels t the accident
The transacti.fns in thl staple amou:ied, in the
Charleston narket, at the close of the week 'nding
Friday, Nov. 27, to receipts of 12,98Lbales andsls
of 10,584 bales. The prices were als follaws:'mid
alling to middling fair,83 the.4 9 4.8; fjirt o oilly
fair, 9 1-4 to 9 3-8; good fair te finse, 9 1-2 to 9 3.4
cents per poura.'' The prcoofg ition remsto lia.Ie
been wavering ror th'otwo previoins weeks in thes
maarket' to which oar staple produce goes, and we
ouchoubt any material a'vmneobove the ?resent
- UbTft, VOLUINTEERS.
On Saturday thith 2lt., a paradeof "The
Sumters,'a company organizd in ,hi disricj o
the 6th of Jlune ast, Isnder the tupelve ionthls re.
quiitina of the government, was held for the purpose
or asc~ertaining,how mnanjrof those who rolunteered
tnder tho previous organization were able to e-nul
themselves under the new enlistment reqmafnerd by the
Government for the whole period of.r ..MexiaIn
war. We are informed that upiwardfo 35lk 40
camve forward and comnplied witj the new erm. ,An
opportunity is now aorded to the young and able
bodied men of the D rit o enrol fr thecontin
uance of te wiar, and to upholdRnee high charvete:
which Sumter has long held arid claimed for devo
tion to the State and ihe commoncut'try.
LEGISLATURE OF S. CAROLINA.
This body convened on 23rd tit., andl
proceeded co organizei in -the Setiate,
hion. I. D. Wihderspothe 1 York, was
called to the.ehmir, Waen that body pa -
ceded to elect its olicers. The 4Ion.
Anugus Patierso tnes re-elcted retsident;
Wm.E. Martin, Cherk; John T. Gol iyyn.
Readlingj Clerk; J. B. Fauitun, Doour K(eep
er; J. D. Gaillard, M essensger.
The Sen ate hauving next senat a message
to time Honuse statiang that it wats readly rar
business, adjourned, to meet ut 12 o'elock,
Tuaesday. . -
Ini the House of' Repreentati~ee, Maj.
James Edward Henry, of. Sparinutrg,
was called to the chair; when- the Hon.
Willijam F. Coslcock -was re-elected Spedk~
or; Tr. 0W. Glover, Clerk; WV. Ii. loor,
Readinig Clerk; ~and James Melltrgrny
Door Ke epeP. There ero two ulnsutgets
fil ballotinga for,Mescseanger. h Vithonsie
then agpoi d~e a C(immitte to notify Hlis
Excellency, sv. Aikent, that it was orga
niz~ed andl.ready to receive ang commyni
tficationa hie might have30 make. Received
a commuisication from the Senate, ifori.
ing the - House Athat1 they .wvere ready ' for
buinitess. ' The IHouse retuirnedi a uiunihar
maessage, anal adtjotrned to ineet onWd
nesday at 12 o'clock.
T roin thefew Orleans Tropic, Nov.-21.
R1tavAL oF TRI H U. 8. STEAMsM!P Mussi,.
TeUnited States steamsii iasip
pi, Lienat.- Coniandat. thery A. Adams,
airrivedl at tho SunthWvest Pasa.,<tmIn-Tu1s
dlay aight, from Tiampie , with Cotmme
dhare M. C. Perry on heaurd. 'Comumnos e
Perry aind Ptarser Watrfinugton f-eaced il te
cit y, in the tow-boat 8tar, yesterday3 muirn,
Ing. Set ha'oe lad tire .pleaistare ci Con
ve~asin iwith thieteflcer s abore' nam red, and
tromt thenft we learn thie gratifgjigiantehla.
genlce - ha t imn aainrday.. the ;14 th' lgjuy~
Tnampico was taken without the ushedfr~g
of' blood. antd -' inow in moe..mjn 6
-?l P.,o~ a.,
F ered "I Jh
i bt Adr I~m sciottoIe a~h?
Ea1h6eIdeili ) li t Ala"iP ilki .,. , wiedZ'
et fits, .ifi0 W1.i
Urn)) ... .... . . . ~ t .
~E ered) O upn aarun~
I 314 it, 4 Iwe' 3 j~d r' o~itJ'
- Pro rat ng treeong "2rev6016 n0.
gO ;:1 . H
eer as i, at
4'' C9 4 4 ii eo , 1-.
yv ntaes, y41
the hiot st:se Ii(~ ~frep;W7
nure itrstnd a1i lue iw rend i
flye m.remshe by tasmiir~n lc
Ins e:ihn Yourpleas from hai
t.9 rhe ijoo g1 tere co(2 l ut
cp de-wl'j lip sa ce agii t ibu
feitmh a rmtm is l
The assem y ae cmssoi'l lr
sr'cn.hag vig:iQi ntmt 1 . cibanam
'th thnsiw tso dihn, is eilWa a a
gietithtemn ahi evnr isra eengre
$en morel o, by it cnirtaneitem
fitimeIIin. bl Youreenis .
oulfiglld s th mi.eipVff'uie b~eu tyt
to the' ieismthf ther n'd oni dis~
oe'reinstaer. n'ordselhinc~s "Rcere
pahica :ntanioer'pouien&ha* isen'
enmmited a highy a nd~b.. i-m~srt ant'u l6ii
gadfsh ia's.re s- o yn r fri th ends the
thone. i ii ou gc~ ae ms, ihdt
pnoree-hai ngaatitate ~, ae~iIn
-wihhe ir an t aneet;ti ciuitog
fiiedh wlth theuine jtod as:'
te a~w neerf hlgaio. g4
faithfland abmis tocona ,as ieoie
tobliga jtiroinde heina~~
Sfuitn ma ner'p thne
(ne otecumhi.eagt bije4dhsnc
to'nid nsns ,fitlidnqI NGt'llI~
aniinlkeriid .te a p3r
of unr of iuritesa iii piulanl t !rfS5
lo btnder ai irr' ~e af, uoij4o
'he peacel rurperof bitm alh~
laimnd rnl t heyhy-eehwarmist ofeIp
otur a ).j e in ahent fedi beum Pia .
faliih'nid e f A1' ri~ ~nJu - .
o pundrusirtu~timl rtI'l -own
ofr .dsytswthulid ng
ngho:p ert :iofir me teacihia
thed pafer~san lr~ Jlperiatita i t k
cli n adrte ameteg
o r dr Rom l t a
_# es i 11
ne:e rpu guig s
mer Irniyr(e OIItsOl
Lina uhend:R e w ut
ifSIOR- M~ r IIeganr
Ia ena i IPA"
I TO r" vl
414 EE -
~ ~ 4aipin
A* -vWDWREA edi
thE~o~iArl i ,iGM~f.1etiaQ
-K-w r".ren M eP~~mases no .4