r4- - -
le'i-' oseph~ I
* tr ~to 0.0 u
ran, w lW * k o
a ye h et an
-g- g uW? be. Capt ton aket
i fg uaPoA
Inb yreeitd erd
- en' rushas' e .u1,
t -tb , igd Iiev.ill),e'toldora
eAnt of'the' anderefltbru,.
his krrival et1zaens siipetion' wi
1 rfor Jaguma. end I. hellif- Ijhisinna
tb'a py Tabas'end airni ntig At the
dapturiajf ihi pi6CJlNr .iNca' gPh
-boats, anio1 other: irts'; felt Wothe
handto( the tisiJ'na. s3ih.se sciooneia
iwer-.built byBrowrn Yellin NE# or
'sita and Petrel, se .ihek. areboir sit d
elsu the Gulfsipadednqd oe ]s"ly06e
all of tpesth btean 146.-.6bk atb.t tiisr
ru-m' u's ogo, t eir draftofwater.belog
too lIghtto make them craislilersirv
evier, a*e eWitiencyof thellitiorth.shda1
'w te4'of this coast has-'been'enianeC'd by
Altihodgh there atbresent onlsnme700
regilais statlone -here, a considerable' a.
litional force .quldbe organised uinderitha
--folowiq order-in case Qf any attackupon
- HEADQUAR'Es, TaifPloo. D5t008, 184q.
Notice is hereby'givenat.the name:of
every American who is now, or maye ae
temporary resident withih the walli or this
town, shall be handed to the'Custom Houde
ofti.er, a it will behedesirkof thWeo! -
m'dieg officer to ari and equigil Gho 1'1 ay
dpply at the arsenal yard,]n -casei eo ne
my shall appear to-threaten tidtkbwnlith
hostile designs6; and he.has no. doubhthat,
on sch.anemergency, ihe'tru'spits-will
do~thei&utmost, in their cointry's cause.
lCaptain Perkins,.itler of the United St.'tei
troops, will'organize and show thilk armed
prty 7ethey will be posted.
-C W,11. GATES,
Colonel 3d Artillery. Comuiatding.
Great exertions have been making'by
i4pucan'officers to raise men in the smaW
townei0*ong the Rio Graqde, aid with
Cipngone, with a detachme'ng70 men,
ately captured. -party of 200 Mexica'is
Ana Rancho about 37 milesup'the San Ju.
an -together with Cipt. Cantova, by whom,
they had been recruited, and he and lbe
men Were taken as priaoner In Cantargo.
-Fifty stand- of- arms, ammunition,. ete.,
were taken at the samejime. On the ev
ening of the 10th a Mexican was taken by
the guards at Camargo attempting toenter
'the powder magazine, with a design, it is
supposed, of blowing it up.
NEW-ORLEANS, JAN. 2.
From the Picayune.
- ROMTH E SEAT OF WAR.
ARRIVAL- OF TH YIRGINIA& EMPREsARIO.
Later fro'm Tam pico-lmportant from
Gen. Worth-Concentration of Troops
*. at*Monaerey-<illo Threatencd by
The steamer Virginia, Capt. Srmith, ar
* ~rived-last'evening from Tam pico, via Bra
zos Santiago, havirng .left -the Brazos on
the 27th uIt. The brig Empresarlo, Capt.
Collins, which sailed from Tampico on. the
26th. also. arrived'fflast night. By these
vessels we have rlceeved- letters from Mr.
Lumsden, aut Tam pico, some of which we
give below. They contain all thei intelli
gence brought from Tampico. and cleai'np
some points iAi the accounts )ireviously re
ceivedl which a ppeared obscure.
We have conversed with a genile'manr
who itame p~ssenger in tihe Virginia from
* liBrazos, and who is direct fromeNon terey.
Hie hask'indly furnished us wvith the foillow
ing information, which is highly idiiportant,
if: there be no error in the accounts. ..They
were fully-eigdiited ait the Brazos, and are
Rtobert Mills, .who arrived last last evening
from that )ort.'
An express from Gen. Worth, at Saltil.
lo, arrived at Monterey on Wednesday, thet
16th of December. [t brought the news
that Gen. WVorth hadl 'learned through hits
spies that Santa Anoa was within three
days' match of 8altillo,.at the head of an
army of twventy or thuirty thousand men.
The expt ess bore a call upon Gen.'Taylor
for rein p~rcements. Gep. Tavlor and his
staff had'feft'Mopntsrey on thie 15th ult,
the day before the ex'press arrived-for
Victoria, to join his command, which ivas
two day's march in advance of him.
Gen. Butler, in command at Monterey,
immediately sent off despatchme;.t, .Gen.
Marshall, at Camargo, abd to Ge'n. Patter
son, at Matamoras, to send forward with
~ont delaysil tihe troops' they could spare
trom their commands.
Gen. Patterson had left Malamoras only,
the day before th.*news reachied that place.
It wvas at once forwarded to him, and upon
learning its purport our inform'ant states
that .he immediately started on his return'
with the view to- proceedi to Monterev.
It was reprted at Tampico on the 25th,
as will be seeni from the postcript to Mr.
Lumsden's last letter, that a portion -of
Gen. Patterson's command had entered
Victoria, but it is not mentioned that tihe
General hiinself hadl arrived, so that we
cannot judge how. far the news from the
two soWxces may conlict.
'The expregR reportedl at Matamoras that
the road fronm Mosgerey to Camargo was
Lined with troops-regulars and volumnteers
Ch oylpe .
y l d anre
ye oVer the'
somie f p~ne ee
'd. a a %
S Wes A w , rte we
4h4Yhj t6 0 ti,", our cor
nfep f e Im e;b indf
fut *tjp b newso S0Bn
.ia Arina'a nme t mod ifhe possesse.
'tie'rga t aimedfoIsim, noh
it edr inre li iaEha lieshould
.end.ido' a hope :to, crush' l.
Buni whaae every con~ildnee in the vigi
lsnqe ofGen. WVrith an his ability to
holdi the enemy lIndch*franil Gen.: Wool
and Gei. flor arr~' i.uprtt .
W~e at% ,eIWtelligence with the u.. t
.Eon o iaD 4.*In .M ar:iidd
.The atvjeesundni- the fan'v4 rg a'rmy,
tich pbjIsiin: an6ier co elsean
the lins aod manne r which our for
ces are kowniap bei diesWed, are welI 'eal
culati d to reate an.x' - ..not eppehen,
sion Sanuta Annisi fersto Se mioving
*ati boldn6and er: triu were hardly
,expedet shd~1he havenearly the force
that is rWp(rtedf lis. adtryable;ts'
reafmkbadest'ent o'nefior' the oiter otia
'tached faosts held..by'atqr troaps, ausfhy
siperIority of numb~ers to~cut it to pieces.
Gen. Worth's comlmaip ati alt'ilo, though
notao iafrr&'~ su'cor -as4 ~ie vision-Una
der Gen.' Wd ,sjIaiepindrtlhr
teg d,asilh'e 'destrgotion~f dtht,.wouin
ea' .aso the ddtruction of GenTWool,
iuting of his cornmunicationh. Thep pQ
stion* f tbme advance posts !re.e iive i
were:O en. Butler at-Mointerey withwaboift
2000 men;.=Ge, Woh at S'altillo with
about '1700; Gen.' Wo1 at Parras with
abtout .. .The h3vo latter places are
we'st oah 'rdountais. . .
That-SanIa Anna has madtiBe novg
niejtt indicated, thAre's no eaon 0t dotat,
ni~ many to belieye; A gentlempn in this
cityrceeived a letier a few dafyssice from
an oilicer in 'Gen. Wool's army, rnent(ion
ing that 'a rumor had rea.lied that-camp of~
Santa Anna's advance, a'd it is probable
tit 8anta TAnon is will' i'n former-of the
comparatively ildsall~forces at the several
*pbsts in pipbhsenofr thy Americans, and
of their'beinjiyltlely iscattered. In pos
semsion of theuitorjation, a rtapid march
j9 Saltillo a-iin.dskjnig possession of that
place *ould'cttioff commiunidation be
tween .Gen Woolscolumn and the forces
immediasely under thet enmmanud of Gen.
Taylor. Gen. Wool's camp ,at Parras is
westand a fewv poits north of Saltillo, 115.
mile distant San Luis Potoui is almost
directly iouth oltillo, thfie kreat road
from San LusilaPtu o Saltillo passing a
short distancei est of General Wool's
canp: If Santa Anna took this road, Gen
eral' W1ool tvdultf be apprised of' the ad
vsaned of the enemy in aufficient time- to
break up his camp apd joinGeneral Woith
at Saltillo; but there is .a rod marked on
the maps, from Zacatecas to Saltillo direct,
which is probably he r'oad prferred by
the Mexican chif aid should ihe succeed
in realilig Sdi'll~'before Gen.. Wofilh
codd be'wcel rein oerced, it is possible th.
placi may haeto- be evacuated, a no force
cfcokequence aoalil be; epared from the
garrison at Ma utercy. .The brigades of
Gneile0iuitil an i Briggsa left Monte
re fir Victeriaon the 13th, and, therefore,
hadt begj foai days on .the mnarch be fore the
expressarrived at lonterey, and no con
siderable force was stationed at agny of the
points betweeno ointerey end this Rio
orande By the last advie, two. regi
meats had-been prdered from Camargo to
jten Gen. Wool, but they could, a the time
a r Anna', movement became known,
waee scarcely reachein Saltillo. 1
Notwithstandhng this .aparently. inau
spicious posturepf flairs, we do not in
f ulge any lielf- apprehaesiops. The-ut
most confidence is to be placed both in the
watehiuless and skill pf the accomplished.
oIcers wvho command, arnd we have io
question they woul be able to anticipate
the movements of the enemy in time. to
prepare pfoperly for.-his. receptioii. As
the report of Santa Anna's advaneereach
ed Gen. Wool's camip so early, ithe aot
impossibile thye ratter may have effected a
junction (vith.Gen. \Yorth, in which case
we should count both to be safe, whatever
forco' the.M exican maight number. Should
the companies en route from Cumnargo have
reachecd Saltillo, the force of Gen. Worth
would be increased to 2,400; aid at the
wvorst we believe lie wvould be able to htoldl
out till lhe could be further strengthened.!
We shall lookfor the pext accounts, there
fore, with 'lnterest, but not with fear of
any ser-ious disaster4
SA VA NNJA'1, JA N. 0.
Tun PArarEI'o 11EGIM ENT.-We learn
that both- Dutitn's of this Regiment pas
sed through Atlanta on Siaturday and Sun..
day last. One Battalion marched' dlirect
from Atlanta to West Point, and the other
came dlown. the Macon and Western -Road
as far as' Grifllin, and took its departure
tihence for the Montgomery Rail Road.
'I'he meon wvere generally ini good heal th
said spirits. 'One, howetver, died at A tlanta,
aindl another lost his life, on the Rail Road
before reaschinag that point. TIhe Blatallionis
wvere divided as above on account of the
greater convenience in obtaining subsis
kef ection fo.1*40
a ax nop
ause' iu 'Q l$ .3'
inarieatong ,Th seld' 1ia
"' ~ ~ ~ ~ , '.' * , .. ; .- ,.t
week -#ldIng Friahc:8, *rere 166A
reeiptg13,0000"jeeatal0he,prio&O 0 34
and i ce g ' ly;ordbary'o ,0
nd 4 ' i.d do.. .to'
10 ctioal 1 r 1-t4 -- d fMld
Te re r, a yo
in cba torin pi'ho l!' t~tk za fioii. b
Meerkoril .to.dage'n. Bere intional..tiRoa
the purbe ro itainia toigoors 9
camnied W.m 8;, eI~litinogo~thdng 19 to~
rod - -U:ATI -S ---
*spWuhrent $ iadrtioe'he ifcua l a
the subjpet-otii papht bu~soinnr
and I'portahee, ws bellev.it.-l Meet." ConI
gree1,whativirion 4 than4vie. bod th ptpdd
MANOESTEft AND WILMIiN b N (N.C.)
RAIL ROAD. '
We 'fll the attopto of our
the ablI report,4iiessrs Mc
FLUMat'ro, -Engitaeid, emiloyed tojeg
the roiu e folkifie pie-oset 'railr ad 'from.
Wilminitbn , to the Camden, . C.
The citizens ofWilmingtones was'to be
expected, have iaken hold of thi proposed'
me'isure in good earneSt. -Tho -Comniir
cial, of Dec. 30,'1846, contains a i'Con.
necting Linkii 'cket,'' for odj ssionrs
of the Town, of gentlenie ih are the
pledged friends to the extensio -of tbe
-rail road 9obth a. and who'' have $Iown,
themselves 'such, both inaipi''priation 6f
time and money." -The Chrotcle of the
6th inst. containsp a-verbal reppu from
Raleigh ofthe 5h that-the .bIh, authori
zing the Commissioners of tie. Tow n
Wilmington to~borrow $20,O,.to aid in
the conatruction of a rail road.oli South
Carqlina rail road, had passed ilk second
reading in the Senate without much oppo%
The necessary charters for the road have
been granted by the Legislatures of North
'and South Carolina; 'and it remains-to car
ry into execution the provisions of those
For many years, it has been evident to
the public that a more certain, direct, and
speedy means of ommunication must bp
opened between-the .North and the sontli,
than that which now ex~ss, fortineconta
mnodation of the t~aeljngpublijeand the
business community. TbIa eviih~tco and
the necepsity of the case. hsave 'produced'
a public'denmndt and- this udernanil, conV
bined tyi h local;inteie'st, -hassprocuredgis
performanice of' whatever hals beengdgtg
toward the accomplishmontof tis;.great
undlertaking. - ' U
The-public journalso. tho Nor th and the
East, of the West and .ftlje distant South
all hail this mess ts'& on. of-grlat
impwtance and still greater necessity
Th'Jey hold the language, that- the,public
wvill not now~ submit to disappointment;
an'd thlat the..road, must. be cq~zplee'd.
The people oW'thenvhole. couintry~1ek 1Ip.
on the measure as one, wthich jwhcn com
pleted, will save them mtuch time and mo
ney and enable them to avojid thedangers
of the sea. 'Ehey demand it'asc-egndneive
to safety of human life and the promotion
of-'internail commerce. ~
Is it nccessary, at this time, to mention
the advantages resultingW from rail roads 1
Shall we specify the .niuerous instances
through: our extended 'Eountry in 'inbjh
incalculable benefit has been derived fr.ozp
their constructionf. -The rapidly ' creas..
ing generality'.of 'this kind :ofi roads'is a
great argument in their favor. I frtrue
that-someohave fulleilhebut wednsy ask ho
many, or rather how few'? Inptjticoon
try, such a thing has. seldom happened.
Men looik too carefully after their own in
terest, in matters of 'this 'kinid,,jo engage
in such enterprises wvithout dlueistndrea
sonable'consideration; andl geiteral results
have favored this,:kind of ihvesiment.
The p~rincipa1largum~ent, por rather drawv
back, - which eve havollieaid" &gainistuhe
completion of tihe road Is this; that'thero is
rnot suafficie nt money.'in this part/of the
state to wvarrant such an ente.rprise 'This
assertien we much doubt. 'The same'ob
jection, wve believe, has been applied to
most of the rail roads in the United States.
The supiioised expenses of the roadl are
a hpst of yhantoms to-keep back th~e titniel
and the over-cautlque from venttrring'their
rfunds in' whiat some call gai ihipossible
scheine. lC'theo monied mienof the dlis. I
trict are wvilling to giv~e of thipir abundance
to the 'puilding of the roail, we have no
lioubi of i~s success. Thc'y are and will
be from tleo nature of the case, the farkt re
sort; and, shotuldl theo application to -them J
rail, others wyill come forward .eager to I
grasp thieprize. We any''tie prize"; for.
we need only refer to tihe report to show j
nt thm nrobability or the nossibility hat
not; an Berl
our e ea:(*oI
By u inIbt .. oo oay~ ~lih~I
adesu ele v
--p ciin ip-'ii-eiser aqj._J"
he indtserT aiw cw y
the a ona wud
'Iqp p ii
ove't"6ydea.hgn Vr lan eerik
rajt. of.gehe 4o tot
mai en reffr. en L4 - .
fecting so esiably an oyjce
*-. CONG'R.1$s.- -
Senater 8ana'6w, froiV ' Louisi na died in. Baltid
mforejunthe inorning of-the 20th ~&Iat
TBdf-Houdo'eha reedbaideaed Cal u~sa's 1jnt
resolbljob' ror 'hiubutifg el~i1zi e v rL.
A billhai Iep i iirted b th mnt o
MilitWry fihtoW ausholise T. 'gto n
rnients,., .one of drg 5
whold war or for fig. !jhe on
a t r e o i arts *i
. he rd1int b,!NP ti 1 l a
atant'asjorsfarg be&~ e~ re
ment gt ig2 *
Col.J3imazofdliiols, iigxeJL4seat in
monse, ow ni 30,h, whie b raxviler
,igneei to foie efeat on thei lIth o~~1y
ia officer inehe. a a e ii
wie not- A- a1wi to hold a.e&s as rpreGn
.Mu.-Waarijosu, , o n-the 2nd 1net. }
brought forwaid tfel foI beforo the
FResolvedThai it Is i any
Jutj on Taa ddCob.
This.ced great~e xouse. -
motioit to la-'n on: tihe % byayote d
19 ,j-.06, *$'he prtI nqqestlo t ked ans the
tesolution adopteali a-. 4t f~
-On. the 4th, ameisuaas eci ithe
Presiddht r a nayending the irly appo u
G~eneral Offioer to tommand p R 6rs d
if-the 'eenure..by arilifof datIles ait 11iiie
tiesu the ti s e n J
raq e~ thie (Th~tI Stteeq, oI Jeneesto ,
retafrp'don pleagure crriia ud ogbd4
mi'lverieas a war neasuze, a a bi~atiiiii~
d'a nd ciffee.dutesn
Mr. I)Avis,'6f-Kentucky ami . Mr. BArarU, or
Virgia, havfug rmade miituajretra~ction a dexplA- ~
iatlions, hare settleagwith-out resort tradielfalrper
The Se~naifWlhas co'n~Im~ed the' nominationsfo
Commissaries andt Quarter Mlasters ot- the South
Carolina'and Iretsylvanll Yolunmteer Iteghients.
NEWBFERRY VO1,UjTEERK .
We are' informed that a company ol
ewbe'rrygohunteers, on Thursdaj morn
ng'lapt, tip~7ah ins, drepiorted the'mselve
~o Go'.'iJo~iseNAs e..of t e t*9 addi-3
ional companlies liittly Cen ei. for, were ab
ei1 and, on the revening o(.thediame
lay, too'k up th,elr line o rck fo Edge.
bid 'Court Hus~e. -Thi irat compa
iy, the formnet havinigfeen diibanded. -
Eacs foun .Williapis A. Powell; whj '
ra op giiityof Ae erIrpes of negro i
tealhing, at the last session-afbhe'Couir, of
3ommon Pleas-fot Disrlingtont Disfriet,was
xecuited at'Darlingron,- ecording to seti
ene'e, on Fril~y 1st histant. .We undr
tend that be-. declared himselt innocent
ip to g4ae time .of his execution~
- - . Ckcrawo-Gsete
THNE INAUoU7RAT 05W of . Jn' I ,
loero of the State of Nowv Yeurk, took
>lace at noon on riday in the 'Executive
~hamber ai, thiefe stol. Albanf. Thle ohnn ',
iras completely tilled, as was the prf(pal
iali of the, capitol, by tan.a'sseinblage of
niminenit ciisena. 'Fhe oath ofaffioe. was
timiii..istered with due, som n . t by the
Secretary oftSate,,atid i edh(ci~i lafter
a~king the. oathi, (overn.r.iun it the
hnaltert hisg exitemie ill h'eaht yrarned'
inagpinlst any' effort to spetkand obli.
ecd him togwiive thipusual engratinlation I
if tlhe occasion, aniidlif the day,
- * N. Y. True sun.
G4 0 . 1 ~ s~ 0Q. 1. _
i IO i S,
ort rat tg rrth
DjM a'' a r
go ich. -4r U. .64 e, sej
Th ict L eego
exp l od poin r
ro ~ ~ an Jhilt 11 an,
e or hd ret ar ifihy
ha, prqv -:edAo66 Wh. a ti
5lrea p d rie -
Ile te.-6 o -
RIna O Z&Ie ald
creol.ti ery4yIstflappeanut lept
:on'aresenered oAn --~~ps
1,nedeay ofh Epedea a[prd
se~fn, sderr m thie betnbtt.
ai e iV.t n he op 'so.o
Od th0 e lstag jd
"Roug)vice ofvhGtJr11Zi-DruiPn tfefi
nay m640bl helie - - or i,
ogeget ~ ~ totpi inaisu icknnW tI y
ry tfluld ippeirce, in d 6' l
wi~~~~~~ed7.n 0iisi Aoteo~roo~o te
erp6ne dingaeLh, pgejrt owever,
mnedey se dowu~n twndo eg' ng
na hodeght the la1ftdi i
0aid 'c(Il o del&
olaavien bu'sodir at i I re
(hina-unieas st i .Ipmafc~akes4
in:I e ing tenier' fare eiot CartI~my
arettg gaven him nore, zui Twarfha e*.
v~afebea v~rng asthiin birrsein;a e fi
ejectd teerite Th'e ane~ eqieill ion
Inda mediatelv w taac tepard ilt andro.
nrnian..id Uedat cseei et amWiiaf
ension Brkgte adoss tioborde tC
vie rng a sikiof tesembng~ohe
ome sloen eta huniredon irA high.
ts entrireh wji1 167 feet hih
hiXaddft~ of 2070 f'eetto appbahe
['he' btlag oyjif ble uitained 4 a
o6le'9t.j~ 1 c~hea, on each side,.
nd..uuspene iyi robs. Th0 ele'vatjon of;j
heppr'atth -tower i~ o be 131afeet a
oveow i water rnark, and~ 90 feet at the
butpnent* The elevation at- the tower
rill pil;e it several feet il6ve the highest
team'boat chiimne3 s at the highe satit.
f vateo. The cost is estimated a ~4.G~'
Fatal Draught e-The Albanyj: (Gao.)'
dourie~r of-the~lu inst. pays.-A mel~uneholyK
cident happened in our ciiy on Thursday
mqtts yung than bhy til %age of-Joh~
iagp,j co.aiany with en1emanhow
he country, wentinto~ ilore 'in 9rder tA
ake algestof brandyg but insteadofgoels
o the accustomed plae of. keeping'ftrA
pits they laid thold on the Arskbotife
hey cameoAo,upposing, It to bak hrasdy, K
notwithstanding tire. bottle wac Ibelid,
Laudrim,")4they paid no attentionto t,
pd both of them took a gIass, which il. '
din 'h deathf oMrp Shap'We ieaet
last it:had buat li!. tieffect upion~hesother
en tletian. biedioaI ,aid waa calledo at
one qr th.eBai od
antle of(Montiej , ,xelamed aht
texican a $eyperat blowltp jtA9 V
bat, there' sno giiy ao~n ~ ho'a
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