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The Sumter banner. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1846-1855, January 20, 1847, Image 2

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- A
.- leRK
lutive. pp ion oV erl d ien il
our armyI a day or ado rapie v
-asa.glorlobsas that wet ealready!hd
the pleasing~ task fohraniolingd;in refer
Jence to itsilds ide the ba ttle field.
I F an theNO .Co '01i
u an( yor 3ttill
gene from the e of ar.
Report of Santa Anna'sadvace ot-$
dicted, Returnof General Taplor-tobard
. Victoria. Junctwon of forces 'under Gen
erals :Wor and Wool, c.- -.
Bethen arrival hero yesterday of the U.
S. 'ransport Steamer Alabama, Ca pin
Windle, hicht left Brazos on the 3d inst.,
we have received intelligence fam the
several divisions of tife imy up to a late
It appears that the reports which ha
been in circulation regarding tLha4OVance
of Santa Anna'on Salti have:besi ch.
tirely.premature,. anid the statiment that
was published of his beIng, at the-date of,
our last advices from that place, within
three days' march ofit, is entirely wilthout
foundation. There 'was, however, some
cause for the rumor, of which the following
are the particulars:
Gen. Worth on the 16th ultimo rece@IV
ed information from two scouts thai-the
Mexican General-in-chief had left San
Luis do Potosi, at the head of a body of
15,000 cavalry, with the intention to fall
on the'American division at Sultillo, which
he imagined he could easily crush. After
this, he proposed attacking General Wool,
and if similar success attended him, to re.
pair to Monterey and capture or destroy
.the magazines and public stores which lay
there. Gen. Worth, without attaching
more importance to the report than it
seemed to merit, forthwith dispatched ex
pressesto Generals Taylor, Wool and But
ler, acquainting them with what he had
heard,.leaving it to them to act in the pre
mises. The expres overtook General
Taylor a short distance from Monterey
on the route to Victoria. He immediate
ly returned to his old encamping ground
near Monterey, with the whole of his di
vision, and then waited further advices.
After remaining three days, during
which lie received information of the im
probability of the report of Santa Anna's
advance on Saltillo, he again took up the
line of march, and proceeded onward to
Victoria. Meanwhile, General Wool, who
had been informed of the rumor current at
Saltillo, called in all his detached com
mands, and at the head of his division, 3000
strong, quitted Parras on the 18th ultimo,
and by arrangements, previously made,
was to enter Saltillo on the 23d at farthest,
pushing for ward with all practicable speed.
General Butler had previously reached
Saltillo from Monterey. During this time
the intelligence of the reported advance of
Santa Anna had reached other more dis
tant points of the line of occupation; and
troops. already under ordcrs' to march to
ward Monterey, hastened their progress
on wa rd.
It appears that Generals Taylor and
Worth, on mature reflection, readily dis
covered the improbability oif the report of
Santa Anna's advance on, and near proxi
mity to Saltillo, fromg the following facts:
1st. T[he distance betwveen San Luis de
Poetosi andi Saltillo was too great to adimit
* of the possibility of the march of so large
a body as 15000 men, without timely no
. tice being affordedl to the American Gene
ral to prepare for his reception. 2dlyv.
Theli ground betwteen the twvo cities is ex
tremely bare of verdure, or othier means of
sustenance for man andI beast-90 miles of
wyhich, as is well knowna, being an arid de
sert, divest of fountain, running stream, or
any other source of water, besides afford
ing not the least chance of getting food or
fodder, being almost uninhabited, through,
out its extent. The report of the Moxicaun
scouts, however, is said to have been enr
rolborated, by information received at Susl
till, in a letter from an English merchant
at San Luis d~e Potosi, wvho stated that
Santa Anna had positively left that city,
at the head of a numerous body of cavalry.
Even nowv, in those parts of Mexico, occui
pied by our troops, it is admitted that San
ta Anna is ouit with a considerable mounted
force, but wvithi objects far dlifferent from
those attributed to him, by the scout.-It
wvas stantted in the letter above alluded to,
that the Mexicans' intentions wvere to hiur
ry forward, andt occupy the only practica
ble pass in the mountains, lying between
the divisions of Generals Worth and Wool,
tus intercepting their communications.
A fter realizing his anticipated success
against .them, by cutting them up in detail,
lie wvas then to advance on Monitery, &c.,
&c. These announcements are nowv prov
ed to be premature, and things are proceed
ing in their former train, accelerated a lit
tle by the alarm wvhichi has just subsidled
For much of the above information we
are indebted'to Major Butler, (a passenger
by the Alaban~ia,) Paymaster U. 8. Army,
attached to the dlivisiont of Geni. WVool, who
visits this city on buisiness, which will- de
tain him here about a wveek, wvhen he re
surns. to head quarters. Major B. left Par
ras on the 17th ultimo, where General
W ~ ool's division then lay. lie states that
tho troops were in excellent health andI
spirits, no casuality of momient-having oc
curredh fps, some time. 'Tho inhabitants of
th. .country wvhich the troops had traversed
from San Antonio, had manifested the grea
test good feeling toward the Americans:
uat a symptom of that hostility which., thu
"n l io. ifr
a me. nre
c~rfithn I a ail.
tha4t A pect e ei'o. ra ibroietor oexits
ur~ tl~ty 6sti'dythe I
arar 2 the evofiny.gre eveity,,
(th; ibatield uire,.fr.eatie)
goi. at e e)
?Kegicansseelingempoyment talles pla6e.
A'!Ieachnewsticeess of themericat arms,
the ipplications for service erdauble. With
the denunciations or the iMexican Govern
ment staring thim in the face, they are
afraid-to work for the-invaders; butas time
rolls on, aiiN ourrconquets seem to be con
solidated, their conftlenco-returns, and they
are anxious to join us hearti-nd hand.
MAoNTEREY.-Major Butler was hi Mon.
terey on thd 23d ulit. at the time General
Taylor .was, encamped the-d.. Col. 'H arn
ey iys in that city, on his way to Saltillo.
Every thing. eemed satisfactory, regarding
the conduct othe Itiliabitatei, as to pedce
and. tranquillity. Oie regiment, it is pre
sumed,.will be sufficient to form its garri
son. -
MARdi or TaoPs, &c.-On his say
from Monterey to Camargo, Major But
ler met the Kentucky Mounted Riflemen,
with General Marshall at their head, and
one of tle Ohio Reginieuts-both corps
on their way to the former place.
GENERAL SCOTT.-On the lst instant, on
his way down the Rio Grande, a day's ils
tance from Camaigo, General Scott was
met proceeding upward on the steam boat
Correipondence of the N. 0. Picayunas
Oil vnI RMo. GRANnE (BZSwI bi ATA1oas,)
December 26, 1846.
Gentlemen.-After a. tolerably pleasant
trip of four days across the Gulph on the
Edith, we landed yesterday morning at the
Brazos, where we were greeted With ru
mors enough to have filled a page of your
paper. The "news" being of a serious
character. I went to several officers whom
I found there (Colonel Taylor among the
number) and made inquiries.-They in
formed me that the rumors ran thus: Gen.
Worth sent an express to Gen. Taylor, ai
few days since, informing him that Santa
Anna was- moving on Saltillo, and was
then within three days march of thatplace,
with 26,000 men; that Gen. Worth would
fight him, but desired reinforcements to be
pushed forward to him as soon as possible.
Gen. Worth has only about 1800 men with
Gen. Taylor hind started for Victoria.
Gen. Wuol had been ordered from Parras
to Saltillo. Should it be true that Santa
Anna has made some demonstration in
the direction of Saltillo, Gen.Taylorhas
ere this gone to that place. So well were
the officers at the Brazos convinced that
the General was at. Saltillo, that Cait.
Montgomery, bearer of despatches from
Gen. Scott, is now on his way to that place,
and I am going along with him as a sort of
body guard.
We found Gen. Jesup at the Brazos.
We left that place yesterday immediately
after dinner and rode to the mouth of the
river, Col Taylor, Capt. Montgomery,
Capt. Reeve and myself, and embacked at
9 o'clock last evening on board the steam
er McKee, fur Camargo, from which place
wea shall probably travel pretty fast until we
reach headquatrters. My opinion is that wve
shall art ive there in time to see some Sc.
vere lighting. Our Louisiana boys must
b~e in a hurry if they do not wish to arrive
too late to render important assistance in
that part of Mexico.-What a pity it is
that we have now 30,000 men out here.
I perceive no great changes in this part
of the country since I left here. There is
not so much hurry anid confusion at the
lirazois and mnouthnas formerly. Capt. Hill.
Quarte.rmusier at the'former place, has had
every thing regulated and arranged so sys
temnatically that there will not be much
trouble or confusion in landing troops
there hereafter. Capt. Ogden, .at the
mIouthi, manages cvery thing us'smooth as
.1city merchant does his business.
Just before wve reached the mouth last
evening, the Col.and I hsving rode on a mile
or twvo in advanco of the others, we saw
foutr men in a boat outside of the surf, twvo
of themn naked, throwing up their arms
and evidently miuch agitated. On hookiing
more attentively we dliscovered that their
buat had been swamped and that they weore
holding on to it. Every wyave that came
carried them entirely unider wvater,so that
they wvere out of sight fully half the ti'ne.
As wve could renider thema no assistance wve
gave rein to our horses, and spread the
alarm at the Qtuartermaster's. I returned to
the beach, as near as possible to the poor
fellows, and wvaved my cap to encourage
them. One of them appeared to be nearly
exhausted. Presently a boat shot out
trough the breakees over the bar. about
a mile from the scene of distress, the men
in her, bending their wvhole strength toi the
oars. A nsumber of persons had collected
upon. the beach. Two other boats Ifollow-.
ed the first.i The exhausted seamen in the
swvampeid lont frequently turned their eyes,
as they emerged from the wvater, to see if
succor wvas coming; thce weakest of them
disappeared at last to rise nto more, though
his comrrades exerted themselves to keep
hinm upl. TIhe leading boat nowv eame
alongsiide and took the poor fellows in.
Our eyes then, tturned-towards the other twvo
boats, and to our idismay we idiscovered
thaut they were boith swamped just outside
tho brcakers. amid that the nuoble follows
-j 04, '
. ww'~hareaqkr
af a W
lin nin/fr th4ppcf~
brave fedow ede st Eap
theronpaipris, bIm
aheril again out o " u
e saw ther ac %0t
fully~toward~ the'ri:V
pected evornto see' i ft
ble intothe surf togetlier4 Thy 'a'
ed howqer; inrescuinhar on and
the prudently' mide' herrway I #
schooiuer that Was anchored on e
bar." The.man whomrnatagei tihe.se a .1i
(l boat. with sio rnuchqkill is nate
steamer Whiteville, and his naie is4
Cooney... .
From the Newk Orlens e u
. CqatieONf.
The. Campeachy s'chooner A malkiiq
prtkiiaken by. the U..stearir Miilsiaiy
p,16ff Alvarado,.on the 27th ultis domhlig
up incharge of Paissd Midshinma.B~r
boor; 'of the Mlssisisj4ip1alnd a prize ieisv
The-Amallo brings 'several days iaite'rin
telligence from the squadron, and :we are
indebted to Passed Midshipman Barbour,
and' the Chief Engineer Wood. 'vh'also
came on the Amaho, 'forth. fol lowing i.
toreating particulars:
Com. Perry, ar-ved at Laguna.-oni the
201h uIt, with the. steamers Mississilipi.
Vixen, Petrel and Bonita, and; lsided-tho
same day and took. nine hundred.pounds of
powder, destroyed fifteen annon, and dis;
armed about fifty soldiers, although 'they
affected to be favorably -disposed to the
cause of the Cam peuchiang. The Campean
chians had declared themselves entirely in
dependent of Mexico, and had sent three
Commissiondrs on the schooner Sisalnio
to Commodore Conner,.at Anton Lizardo,
to kequest him to desist frnm any hostile
measures against Yucatan, until Commis-'
sioners could be sent to the Goverinient of
theUnited States, to obtain the recognition
of the Independence of the State. These
Commissioners left Anton Lizardo on the
20th, to return, but the result of their con
ference with Commodore Conner is not
Passed Midshipman Fitzgerald, former
ly of the U. S. schooner Flirt, but now at
tached to the, John Adams, performed a
most- daring exploit about three weeks
since. His vessel was blockading Vera
Cruz, and of a dark night, he took a. boat
and eight men, with muffled oars, rowed
around the castle of San Juan do Ulua,
landed, entered the water battery and' ex
amined it; then rowed round again, went
under the drawbridge, and made a thorough
reconhoisance of that point. This exploit
has proved that men may be landed from
bouts at night; and Midshipman Fitzgerald
ascertained by his reconnoisance that the
water may be easily taken.
rhe Amalio was taken off Alvarado, to
gether with the Spanish brig Isabella, both
sailing from that port for Havana.- Com
modore Perry. on his return to Anton Li.
zardo from Laguna with the Mississippi,
looked into Tabasco and Alvarado, and
fonnd that the fortifications of both places
have been repaired and much strengthened
since thmey were attacked by the squadron.
A t Ta busco there wvere about 3000 troops,
und at Alvarado about 4000. Notwvith.
staniding these formidable preparations, the
general infpression is, that Commodore
Conner will soon attack the place.
On the arrival uf Gen. La Vega at Vera
Cruz, on the 15th, all the prisoners from
the'squmadron in the hands -of the enemy
wvere released. It is nowv ascertained' that
bul, eleven of the crewv of the brig Somers
dlrifted to the main land wvhen she was
wrecked, and not sixteen, as~ was at first
stated. Midshipman Rodgers was at Vera
Cruz. IHe had been tried by the civil and
military tribunals as a spy, and had been
acquitted by time former, but found guilty
bjtho latter. It Is believed, howevor;that
the more favorable verdict wvould: prevail,
and that he wiould be liberated.'
OUTRAoEs IX VunozNrA.-A series of
daring outrages have lately been perpetra
ted in Acecomac counity, Virginia. A mong
them we notice an -attack upon a Metho
dist clergyman, a Mr. Ilargis, during pub
id'worship while he wvas preachinig to a
lirfge congregation, The rioters first 'sur
rotinded the church, commenced discheirg
ing fire-arms and throwin stones, #hich
created such alarm and confusion that many
left the house of wvorship, fearing to rermain
longer. Mr. Hargis continued to preach.
JQut the rioters tore offithe wilndow shutters
and forced themselves up to the pulpit,
when the confuision became so great that the
congregation had to be dismissed, and Mr.'
H wvitir his wife, retreated from the house
amidst threats of violence from the 'mob.
T1he offence alleged against Mr. ILI s, tha~t
his church hmad refused to wvithdrawv from
limo Phmiladelphia conlerence, and attach
itself to the Church, South, and that conses
quently it favors abolitionism.
TIheo Pittsburg Journal says that suit has
been entered against the lion. Walter H.
Low rie, Judge of the District Court,, for a
libel oni a young lawvyer at the bar of that
city,. by the namo- of 3ar ton..
LAnoE OnDEn.-Mr. Charles I. Dupont,
if Wilming ton, Del., lhau received an order
fromn Government for sixty thousand yards
of blue cloth for theo Army.
_F Yc
6 6 1, ifro
tlrij Ofut ib
" 9.
U-1;'ubt*Tjogeto rcof
iia4 ~ va iejp ii
itAit vro;t'5tu
?xirakin of a seamc.T~j~ R
onanted. o- -e !4.0i
dto ldn! ths in4ta~d~ t
e~~peripnced'r Yr.*Ido out~
mnery(Aabarnai) Jourvalof Tlmesdaiys
cay lsnt evening, ;'.A1uute- wan 'Utd- by
Rkegiment, ~ ~ ikkts~h~
6th insti Ocn.Tbu~~ti jlon t'?&1h eto.U
jtiment'. rile um. ~~f e.
hakigjbecolme wbe i Pqer 41a
rvies ofwr 1e vd
:and. for*%artded~.46N61-lg ~I i~Ek,{.
already oieegosU
11,1m. ordersc from -_Waington :City.c
the purposie of jonn i ~uea~
;yoi atsegti
iip.4 e' Abem61i'f~h
The C o
anaricle o W' tea
i a l1a' e a m et o a d - a
Aore. by 1 br of at. by ad g a d
sherpenter4a wh6 e Un ain lb ciita Tf
andpreoeedlng heall fo9~i o th "~ualtr
Zt . . ..
To airdensi Char tfhti steh.h
in- article it. M Th boureer rnihic
it a~pauhtte'tzehaciudre.ea
wothy - ; "h'oiW~~sa lm~go i
thp trpnaer who cxi oisi gi'a W
and ircedd In-.heif Oa'lestou ptojffdeo r
aodto Iw x s ayl,1nzU PncWorth7 btthe
Port Warden6 -t' harletn'd t aterof the,
line ship H.','ALLEN;,'Thebourler remarks "the.,
the:, tribunaI of puiblic opinion vvl j Jji 'e
anewer In regard to the; sea-woihiness. tf he boat,
and that that opinjon will bexspressed laiavoiding
the boat as an dnsafeane, untilheis uti ig
aid-complete pair.h
A card of some of the.passengers. hasmappeared in
the sam' paper corioborating the opinion 'of the
Charleston Port Wardens on the ,unseawoathlneo
of the boat.:,
Though great credit is due io the Wilminton
Rail Road Company for 'the enterprix4 and energy
they have nanifested in the -prornpt, regular and
secure conveyance of the mall and passenger. to
Charleston, it is evident that their sea line Is exposed
to the unavoidable dangers.dnayiation, eved if
their boat areifally seaworthye
The recent failure of the mail, the'danger of the
passengers, and the expression of -their opinion to
that cffect, consequent on the alleged unseaworti'
ness of the Vanderbilt, form al new Incident in fa
vor of the proposed connexion by Rail Road of the
Camden branch road: with Wilmington. y suhT
connexion, the detentie'naof- the-mnalipd riskof hu
mai life will be almost'entirelyavoided' The puli
lie, then, cannot fail to look uponjbi. ,easure as
one of great importance and interest bath in a pecu
niary and humane point of view.
The northern democrats have made i nove through
a New York democratic representative, Mr. Pas
ToN2 Kmnu, ia support of their opinion, that sltavery
is be excluded .irom any territory which may bc~ac
quired . ro'm Mexico, by the -publication of Mr.
King'. speech in anticipation of the aquestion.
The House, after laying on the table the Presi
'dent's proposition of the appointasen of a general
officer to command all our military rorce in the dd,
have reconsidered their vote, and thus the subject is
aali open and can ba takcen up it ant' time. It la
believed that thre Hous. and Senate will both sup
port the measure.
As the duties on tei and coffee have bee'n refused,
it is evident'that taxes,~lu'some fou, must be giant,
edi for the prosecution of the war. It lI.believed that
the resort will be 'to direkt taxation;' a measure
which will bo far more. impolitic than the substitu.
tion of the tea and coffee duties.
Th'e northern member. seem determitred 16force
into cery speech, on the wayerothe increaut of the
army, the subject of slavery.'.
Mr. TrUASas, of .KeItuckyi.adt ose
that the Sojath would abide by oh~sejsmpro
inle insf 36d 39 , .
The Executive seomi aedtio ofan diltional
tbre of enthousand regula r tiroops has occasioned
much debate.. The House has passed tbh hill with
an amendment proviag for the .disbanding of the
troops at the close of the .war.
Anabolition paper ha. ieen startd in Washing.
ton, with 'a large tuinber of subscribers.
Judge PaNNvuOana Senator 11hmVErgiu d
on the 12th lnsti Mr.-Aune announcu h bleth
to the Senato;~ and this bodj pissipd the eusomar
'It i. said that CoLn TXo'sist chie nginerha
departed for the seat of war.
The following appolnitreets have beer
made by the President by and with thead
vice and consent of the Senate.:
-Samuel McGowan af South Garoliha, to
be Assistant Quartermaste''with the PanlE
of Captain.
James D. Blending, of South' Carolina,
to be Assistant Commissarf~with 'the'rank
of Captain.
SJames Davis, of South Caro na, to be
Assistant Surgeon-,
CHIAlRLESTON, S. C;, Jan.-Y, 1847.
Mr. Edit or7--4 arrived at is placeo n
TJhursday evening, via rail road from Gadue
tJon, wheore as well' as in Sumterville-1
was obliged to 'pass aanight;Mldtb haalsed
me to pen this article, that I 'may speak a
few words of the excellent 'Hotelk ept at
your place by Mr. China, I founud the lanila
iord gentlemnanly and' au~nneomm atin.G..

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