Newspaper Page Text
d(n i, f sidai
S nPreest5gagief Meifazi.4io
Yy 1e0 arrival of the barl""ahnB s
V4p1' insStapleic Asdj.s Wr Me
on- irou to t3siutina jlie
from~ one ofour correspoiientdatei on
tle 28th.: The John Adas 46",6;tll
blockaiding Vera Crug, ivhii: the rest a
the, squadron were t doleeward ak o cr'ise.
The only vesiselsaatinton .Lizarodo'vien
the John Barnes sailed were,. tho fMIirite
rtaritun, . the store-shli Rellef ad ille
We are indebted to the'prontness or'a
O friend for. the -faithful delivery of 'le ol
lowing letter from one of our correspnn
dents. It containathe intelligence oin
terest. broughi by thi arrival.-'
It is a remarkable feature of th,%e news,
and one vhich exhibits th' vielssitndes' of
public life in Mexico in a-striking phliis,
that Gomez Farias is Vice:Presilent tiider
Santa Anna." Farias vasone bite Vi'de
President during Santa Annai's Presidanny.
His wily. superior; knowing the' hostilitg
of Farias to a hierarchy, and-desiroUatiof
Of improving th' finances by a confiscation
of the church property- set him to wor'io
digest a planand prepare tlie public"rMind
for seizing upon the ecelesiastical estates.
The effort failed utterly4 and the govern.
ment was about being made to feel the
power of an interest it had' alarmed.
when Santa Anna deserted-Gomez Farias,
threw upon him the odium of the scheme,
and escaped himself from the storm he
had helped to raise. Gomez Farias was ban
ished the state and for a number of years
resided in this city with his family, pinch.
ed by necessity and opressed with care.
Santa Anna in time was overthrown and
banished by Paredes. Farias,immediataly
upon the fall of'the dictator, rcturned tit
Mexico where he has ever since taken a
conspicuous part in the political affairs of
the country. Santa Anna, by a sudden
revolution in public opinion, was recalled
from banishment, and now these two poli
ticians, as opposite as the poles. in princi
pies and hating each other with a' rancor
that has been matured in disgrace, occupy
the first and second offices in the Republic.
Farias is a reformer of the progressive
party ; his opinions are of the most liber
al character. He is a republican at heart,
a federal in the Mexican sense of the term.
and as bitter against religious as political
trammels. Santa Anna is just %what his in.
terest for the time being requires him to
be. The close proximity of two such
men does not auger well of the durability
of the government which they administer
nor of the suavity that may qualify their
In so far as theelevation to office of two
men occupying the extremes of political
faction may interpret the public opinion
of Mexico, it may indicate a fusion (if all
parties, a union of all cliques, sects, divis
ions and classes of the people in one great
war party. Gomez Farias was, if any.
thing the most violent oif all Mexican pol.
iticians against the dismemberment of Tex
- as, and lhe may have nnited wvith 8anta
Anna to set an example of the suppression
of personal and polMeal hatred in forming
an alliance for the rject of consolidating
the strength of the state against a common
EXTRACTS FROM THE LETTER.
U. S. SQUJADaON, UcC. 28, 18-10.
GENTLEMIEN-Tlhe maiil from Mexico
to dlay confirms the election of Santa A nna
for President, and Gomez Farias for Vice
Preaident. The extraordinary Congress
have beeni hitherto engrossed with the pre
liminaries for this election to the entire
exclusion of other business. One or two
speeches have, howvever, been made upon
the state of the national finances, and the
means for raising money to carry on the
war. It is estimated that the loan of a
million is indispensable to furnish arms,
and it is stated that Sarsta Antna is urgent
ly calling on the government to supply him
withi armus and4 munitions of war. The
corps of the National G'uards in1 Mexico
are very poorly supplied.
There is no indication that the peace
prop~ositions of thre United States will re
ceive any favorable colnsidleration. The
subject hans not) yet been broached in Con
gress. Some of the Mexican papers as.
crible all the evils wich d afihiec the country
to thej intrigues of Mr. Poinsete, which
have evenltuatedl in the present open at
tempt of the United States to subjugaic
the "most generous and magnanimous
people of the unmverse."
A new pronunciamento Aas beern pro.
mul'gaN'ed at Campeachiy annonneihig neu
trality (if Yucatan durirng the war,. biut con
templating a future re-union to the Mexi.
can Governnmetnt, tumder the treaty of De
cember, 1813. Fifteen hundred troops
from Campe.achy have marched upon Me.
-rida to coerce that State into an acquai
esence into the terms of this last prontunci
The United States can wvel affohrd to lef
Yucatan alone. It lasa been crharged against
rhe Yucatecos tho.t t'he~y arc Mexicans at
lieari. This is unqtuestionabily true, for
they wuould naiurally sympatlse with the.ir
race. It is also alleged that theny have
been taking adv atatie of our forbearuance
to furnish the Mexicuni iith aid and muni.
trions ofwair. Anyoneo wvho will lon4k at, the
geogr.phica1.l ositn. of Ytantan ilil see
tho imnpussibility, of an overlaind trade bo
yond the hase ofl the motainus;. and wihia:.
ever their sympathies or their angidiit~y
it n 16r nM ."n a - 6
. . tn ore ae
tp e Il nyeaita reasont or no crm
gfimey hmel: Mjiico to iond for
uteprand money to carryo nthe wqactta
,,so on 1ucatan, *nd obliges her to'- eOp V
hr troopand funds at home to4efend it
ei r. The effect oa a blickade upon the si
ports of Yubatari will in a great measure p
be&fbvlated if an iland trade: with the
BHitish colonledh - the 'Balize.
theWrashIngton Uni ,Ik
l IadountswvIh have bcen Te
celved by th Mississippi fteamer. the fol.
lowirig estrOsts of a letter addressed to a
gertleman in thise ty by an intelligent ob.
server at the Havana are among time most
ea in -e hasen to lay it before our
H ANA, JAN. 7,:184
"Sr:'I hd fie honor-toaddres you o P
ihe5(h inst .aquantiisgyou with ahe a
rlvalu, the steamer Missippi from off
Vera Cruz, and ,that Santa Anna had been
elected by- the Congress, wih only two
majority thaiCampeachy ha'd again. de
clared her. nutiiuality; and was marching
on to the capital (Merida) with six thousand i
trLops, in order. to bring her into the..
measure; and that Guatamala had claimed
the state of'robasco, and, in fact,,up to the
istlimus of Darien,-and was supporting her
claim with four. thousand troops, under
Tihe British steamer is just in, bringing
us dates from Vera Cruz to the 2d instant,.
and from the cily of Mexico to the 31st
ultimo ; and from sources that can be re.
lied on, 1 have gathered. the following in.
formation : That Gener.6 Santa Anna was
at San Luis on the 20th ultimo, with re
port said, twenty thousand troops, but in
fact only about fifteen thousand, and that d
he talked of marching on to Saltillo; that V
the Congress was made up of any thing but
the better part of time community, and, in l
fact, were composed of what iscalled in E
Mexico sans culottce, who had nothing to I
lose, and of course they were for war; that r
Congress had agreed to a loan ofpine mil
lion dollars. The clergy were opposed to
it, and it was thought even that imount
could not be obtained. If they succeeded r
in obtaining this loan, it was to last the war *
for six months. Almonte had retired from
the war chair, and Canalizo had taken his
sent. who was thought to be pacific. - The
wealthy citizens of Mexico, and thoqe wh1o r
have the means of living, are for peace, but.
for the moment, are compelled to close
their lips. Nevertheless they, by voting
for Herrera, showed their feelings on the
subject. The stepping aside of Almonte 8
at this.moment meaps something that we e
have yet to learn.
"The troops in ViraCrue are hndtv paid
and worse fed, numbering three tho'usand
five hundred, and time castle about eleven t
hundred, with provisions only for a month
at a time. c I
"Te information from Tampico, receiv.
ed at Vera Cruz by tie last packet, in reha
tion to the conduct of our troops, had calm.
ed the feelings before felt towards the vol.
unteers by the Vera Cruzanmos, and they t
speak imn thme highest terms of the Amieri.
camn general for thme measures he took to
secure private properly and persons, andj
that the excitenment against the Americans
at Vera Cruz was dail subsiding. Vera
Cruz was indignant against Santa Anna and
his government, which was nmanifested
by the.ir late unanmous vote for Herrera.
"All the extra defence that has beenm ,
madle about the wvalls or Vera Cruz is,* that
hmoles have been duig near together along
time wall, and pikes put into them andcoy.
ered over withm prickly u ears, so that in 1
marchming up our troops woumld fall Into 1
themi: but we could soon lay plank over :
TORNADO AT PERTH AMBOY. a
. PERTH Aun oT, Jan. 8. 1847,.
This place was visited yesterday by a se.
vere tornado, A column, in appearance
like smoke, and about 20 feet in heigha andl
six broad, crossed oumr bay from the Suth, r
upseting small craft of every description. e
It sirmck a large shedl and carried it about i
300 fcet, through thme side of aframe buildi. j
ing, and even thmroumgh two substantial par
titiomns. T1he direciion of thme tornado was r
mimen chmanged ams if by magic, to the East, ~
anmd passed to Staten halwnd. The coast
imig, achooner Delighmt, heavily ballastedl for 5!
a Southlern trip, and lying at anmchor was o
caplsized and sunk immediately; amnd sucha
was its fcnrce that cimneys wnere blown of[ p
and even men wvere prostrated.-Tribune. dI
Frans the N.O. Jeffersoinian, Dc. 21. b
.NEORO INsWRRmEcTzoN.--..A gentlema'n in C
thmis city, yesterday received a letter from I
Memphmis which says that a negro inserree- s<
lion was planned in that neigh borhmood,and al
list dito-vered. Consicleuradle eaci'tement
mad iakes place, and time cisty guard was eon
siderably increased. Onthe night of thme pro.
Posedl imsrreeion a- hotise wvas set en firg.
Several negroes hmad beenm arrestedl and al
ronfessed time fact of the intended insurrec. ri
FATr. A ccsomer.--The Belfamir (Md.)Re-, ~
utbican states, that Mr.. Joseph' ldwrdls,
is aanl and two nephmewns, dlere outi hun- hi
ing on Santirdan-y last, a short distanmce from w1
hmis place, and: whlilst hurriedly pursuing a Ii
-a1bbit, Mr. E.'s gun, being cocked, went
)ff, killing his son almiost- instantly, anel
ieriously wounding bo0th of his nephmewsu
uuno of. whom ha. since had his. arm ampu.. p
-1ndry othe i nts
tpe WJIaDIES e, d 9
.84 eent perl pond
itt agarIag hto eke~4.oj
hC-nuar Systnub of censt si t
rn dtiry Messenger n fo etii
'hipublicationmddresveih thse hree tt n
Vest andits s
atr ovarious kinds.: T -. nEnAe DCWs
l irteenth volume; and it to ethiantht nither
khii nor expensearm spardto mnaki 1t aibtutly
rOjt1I o( patronage throughout di Soutiand
An-'opportunity ls nowofferedf -
I st$scribing at te, commencemnt of a -
d11 -We refer ou readers to a
a terms. : .
We have reeived the 1st ad 3d lhistroeud n
rs of Dickens' "Dombey and Bon," froniMesrs.
.iand Blanchard,-of Philadelphia..' -
PRENSDENTIAL' APPOINT MENT*.
On adcount of an error In oiLr paper of lat week
.r publish the following a . intmneni,'miade by
le President by and with the adviceand , Coe1of
James D. Blanding, aif South Carolina, to be Ai
stant Comnlisary, with the rank of Captali
James Davis, o1 South Carolina, to be Surgeon
F1bert Bland, of South Carolina to be Assistant
THE RAIL ROAD.
We gordially agree with the recommen
ation of a Citizen of tihe Disirie, .which
we publish in our papbr of to-day, in re
ard to the propriety of; the measure, that
lumterville should take the lead i diis
)istrict in the matter of the proposed rail.
oad from Wilmington to Manehester.
rhis town Is the only pjaco of Importance,
tar, one extremity of the road, and Wil.
nington is the important town at the oth
r. She has earnestly taken the matter in
and; and we believe that Sumterville will
u the same when the time for action ar
ives. When it is proposed that she should
akin the lead in this matter, it is with no
niention of excluding other patts of tihe
)istrict, but with the desire that its people
hould centre at the Court House whatever
ffurts they may make, both on account of
he greater convenience of meelingq heire
ud the tendency of the people to flock to
lie business capitamor the District.
Much to our regret, we perceive an-arti
le in the Wilmington Chroniclc of the
0th which says:
"Thme Bill authorizing the Town of \Vil
iington to raise 8200,000, to aid in ex
eniding our Rail Rtoad South, was lost in
lie Commons by a small majority."
The Legislature of North Carolina ad.
iurned on the 18th, making a'reconsidera
on of this vote impossible for thme present.
meeting of the cItizens of Wilmingion
as toube held on the evening of the 20th
to determiine on the most eflective means
f carrying out thieir former resolutions in
egard to the Wilmington amid Manchester
tail Road." Their immediate action, on
lie loss of the bill to be allowed to tax
liemselves to thme amount of two hundred
hiousand dollars for the extension of the
nad,-has not yet been pumblishedl; hent it is
n evidence of their determination and
Other District, in this State are making
igorous effort. In the promotion of rail
oadl enterprises which they believe to be
onducive to the interest anti benefit of
lieir section of country. A t a meeting In
stor of the Greenville and Columbia rail
ond held at Greenville on sae day, among
therrcsolutions the following wvas passedt
Resolved, Trhat we feel assured the
tame will aid ums in thmis enterprise,- after
ur Congpanmy is organi-zed and three-fifths
C (hoe stock has been subscribedu'by the
eople~, which we think may 'be easily
onme in~the followving proportionar Green
il-le, $i50,00% Laurens, $160,000; New-~
erry,. 8200,000 ; Coluimbla, 8100,000 ;
harlesion, $100,000; Normath Carolina,
l00,0001 Lexi'ngton,. Abbevill'e, Ander.
in and Sparmanburg, uncertain as to- the
rmounti of their subscriptions.
The latest newvs inform us that Green.
lie Diitrict hws a-treaudy stebscribei $0
E0, to forwa-rd tils enterprise. We in-.
ance this to shmew what the friends of rail
aud eomrmunication In this State are doing
sewvhere wimiin lier borders.
Sumter District, we believe, wvill not
i-i to- comply writh the expectations she
is held ouit to' the publ-ic ont this point,
hen It is necessary for her ftw rrove. We
ive penned these lines to bring these mat.
ra before the consideration of the people
time District, tha-t they may not be tin
epared wvhen time cull is ninde andl timm
esation is nakvds "Ar..o .m....".
'th ~pej c 6~h
ourselves. s rEd ~ n.fthere
1011,h h e a ne :r idii w
#hole iFUla r A
on'pston o rei
prise .to end atalkt y 1
R p. s tatt sifrhb M lhpe te
liad obtPa.ed eu a rable C
chrles, Our ltideni carnefo ad 11
s'1ibertil subscripifon 'fdra asurvey of the~ &
-ojnd-lhe surveff(abeen .magd.te l
repeart or skilfijl neliseers silbnflue'i~d, a'ri
~fe ie thiefijournmuent of thle f~glisi f
turre, jve. have not'seen a single stepteken 1i
to carry out the ramd ecnd.; Feik onais t
wailing for lis neghabor o0ove i
tIius the gresat scherme is retar'dedal
retarded, becaisec, that It naustabe brbv? '
day carried out is egrain3 All)y'a)ei I
now~turnled to you ito begiun. That is
that is svanted Putaythe ball in iiotsn i
Call a meeting orour bodyffriij'- b
for if you desref our town to inceasbt
wealth an1 populppn,-give It the- meIa
of trade, and these il flow to it anr u
ally as atreams to :vers. Le It Abe the
engrossing subject'noi of your ste t., I'
but- a y..ur acs. Iftovel Nov3!! N1O E!!
N3/4nly strike. whilo th iron is hA" b*
jynake the iron.hd f utriking
dhistrict is waitingon yoniirsts-ak I
i, and the reses will follow 6nwnrd, rIval-1
in'g thai velocity of that power which ls'aj -
most annihilating "butime and e ace u
A CrroZEN e U. ts a
hiaNUFAOTVn~s I 0N S N .iCAttotI. -
We enn scarcely open a Oogidr paper un
less to behold the evidences of her progress e
in.: Aanufactures.1 Sf .uth *parolina mtafrt-a
feats little ivalry'ii t :pHepaa4min~ of Ili e
dlsmtry. She has es:acails ten & p
tal aseasily concentrat~d, sa p blea eer"e
kind f r manufacturing purposes as' coi. '
-and yet she lacks an eqnal spi-l'a r ife' I]
terprisc. Nort Cprolina hasitei' lh&
since, in this rcspec'n ada e fhie r
southern siustersEyen Af~lgmi hibits t
some energyl n 6 Lt itof e1tiglie 0
But where are our etorles*ong.qn?, o
Which of our wasterfalls are a~cupiedivial
new machinery aid apnpulation drawn
from the fields that~ aithrd .do recompiense
to productive. hbourf We shear hot of o
them. The cry iva o cently wien our i
great agriciltural siaple was below a re- e
muneratig price, let us open other means p
of employment fur ur lapital. Let us dl le
rect our labour to more certaiL sources of h
recompense. Letus diversify the tndus -
try of our peopt Let s gradually Iftlh. si
draw f om the tuatIons of the foreigh i
market on she i cofuor great sta'le of a
export? Tis dry ilnow hushed as deiath. -
We hear no mNore of nnsiacttilnnie~
prit -no more of the necessity if diier
sing our e'rts into tdte protfiable hian- i
ne A-no more of exhausted'soils and gt- ei
to: not .gielding a remunerating price. ii
.Th foreign mnarkethasyierded to she In- i'
luence of a short suppfyei It has given a li
proise of better profits en cultivation.
Thne delusIon is perhaps nided by the pros- o
peet of increased demand for cotbon as a
substitute for gunpowder. The cycle of
high prices, increased culture, fall In value;
will again come rouid, aid South Carolina m
will be forced inte udatageoas com- ti
petition with her sister States irn the South, p
which ha'e the start in manufacturing cm- Ii
ployment, and cannot withdraw their ap
ital from this branch of businetss 'vlhout I
los, and injury.--Char. Eve. Newos, 1
VAMIDEN, JAUT. 20. a'
1ronw 0str V'olri'eer.-Exsraet of a let- tI
5er from one of the Kerahaw Voltateers, li
CAMP NEAR RAIr,-OA-D DE~or, AL.A.
40 mIles East of Montgomery, Jan.10. 5
Since my Iast letter to you, we have en. n~
cemmtereessevere hardships, having march.
edl 115 miles, averaging 17.1-2 a. day,
through rain and ses, and at night sleep.
ing ontJhe wet ground, selteredby a end
and blanket. I am wvritingtlgs letter In
the pi-ney woods of Alabama, on the. trun1
of a fullen tree, surrounded Iy *hie righi
wing of the Regignens, under thlikeam
of Lieut. ColondDicknson. ~Tibhyi;
notwilthstanding (t6 liardsij'gw& siok
unero, ~inlllatplrta and iaixio~st6
mee th enshy W ilt take sheR&~)
Road twingnaw,'and \will aeiv euil.
gomeryat noon, 'here I indlerstutI J4S~
have inado provisIon fol our r.et diie
etrinlinkient~ ?rendhenfewb uio'eca
imni'dik tely to thie ueat of wa,'ihrE the so
Palmntto Realment ill sak (r Ise.na Ft
hyl&t III im
a a pee
ittallinof - h 'All
eal Diak o~~gme i
di -UntI. I to fo
id04 D ryaa,~ei"f~.
lud r'cld in .
~dudtile ati ''ggnt I~
mton W e6.i4i- e o
'd d bISh'i
IiTr he pilaCS ufdenM~t
Ribistict has, grobn bIeR
o,'t inie dEi o
alnt"euo eginiene a
TAllm' dat 40
are haa bep eie
it the embs ka:o fion e
agiment"'ils soon es ei,~ I
re lnuitered fin i a t II
. furnisitd as son
In to the Actin oai
3OJn A Ma nGedit~j
es. fir, tav eer a~ i .li
ngress/ that it sii
600OO'h 4i/Chau *
hAn -nteignsu and ~ j4Id, n
rftMr; Asa-A. B8tnLdgt?
lel, mealwith a* us ts ImC ,
rening of Friday. 'lwui l~i
noder. is right hpk sa
d byithe ei plofustof
a hehd at thuetimni. I. a
her inpressive 'wrilo i da r g t
uidren'andl forbid ii. hanaltagf pe~ ae
atI Or-c-armns in any shp or manntQ
arn that the Oovierna ha e pof tad t.
t Treat Paine, of Chnwan Cd~n~lb ue t
r. Stokes of Sorryd ieutiensi cod
d M r. Fa gg o f Bunenmbit, Mjo R*
orthac Carona RegimaentofvIrxeg
All-the above genslemen M~ir~
F the Legislature whichhaatJorek
Counterfeit ~*eight dlo))sv U11
auir. of Charleston hate? n i4ad
eir appearance In this el
rat to be signed by H. W.,Cd neig~
Ient;arid A. G' Rose, CashI e
We understanid that h -~
mited issud'of 7, 9"sid 41tbi
539, but has issued
Krp IN one linstancegl84ji~i
:clident., Thle amniend a h..ed
runs in erreola'ttour is vetaiI,
ank. we learn er ery u~sW ~ii
what few a n~'~er
o'5O 1o sis'te, that no i~i~f~.
er as Presa n,-a.
at hhitse! y
n the headdI eb kn
Tghesialist dea the
du t to ~artygW&to
Ost a titoyo ch