X~dLUVE L ~ ~ '.rDUJLTRVLLj O!THJ~, ~ E 147 :~-7A
& V d5HBIfll EVERY'IVEDNESDAUY MORNING1BY
iML T kW T 2N S
~1wjollare and'F~ Cents n adva cD .Thre
Dol pieatioi x pkx wonthq, or Thri
AMA iA e", 6d! t ;?&.doW t s 04a a ti
(17 at,4 tfevthd first and half tat sum fb
at , f.3Gtipp., r -uiper 9
t., e mIa 1cd lli Adve usnnte, or tle
W1 ol'd'& rdathd't disconi i
bsqure,4oa: singlel insbrtion.'.
0t'A . od)aietsget will b
.s sngle. iAg"rUon, and Senii
as feOW nea.
5uTi1lihini citeo a ti, lw directs thre
ndlhwl bdkhargpddl 4P
ptige plz lig es, an
M ~pp.mmeinrig' d es prut
~rnrn~t9~fie2prtOridngI 4fl . . fO p
optnfrAdviirdsnFwill beptesented to
by mail must be poet paid'to insure
9:ih preient %ettlema0nt of i Shakers, o
ril-d Breihren a tiNews-Lehunbn, iwa
the lkatJspot, oipi ilVthT0hsect ever loca
4d .Yhby corncedieie aboit fort:
yeas agil IaUTh odietricnnlets a presehi
of abou.600 per'onse more: than h'alf.0
wh'omfre-fsthalks. From. snall ibegin
n" g-they' hive acquiiredlarge possessions
boldilfgiai this tine- not fless than seve
thousanitacree of larid inostly lying con
Ligiouslyj 'We'pent a- few-hours ciamin
ing varions objects, nonnected "with thi
Their buildings-are all built in the mos
substaniial -manner, and are constructet
with particular regard to convenience
One.of-tlheir bains Is- considered in .all r
spects the, best, contrived nnd most perfec
ofany-%*e have- seen. Iviis one hundret
end forty-onefee long, fifty feet wide,'anc
twenty-five. feet high in, the walls. It con
*ists of three itories. The basement 6
devoted to ihe stock and the storage of veg
etables in wiuter, the second and third u<
hay.'and grain. The main entrance fo
produce is in the third story, which, fron
bbing-on. the side orfa hill, is nearly leve
with the ground. A floor runs lengthwise
throtrgh -the barn, on this)htV, and' ti
hay and other articles are pitched down
ward into the bays on eachside. The barr
is-capable ofcontaining two hundred ton
of hay, and it.is so dispuosed that scarcely
any of it has to be raised higher 1hian th<
wajon from which it is thrown. Only tw<
handst -are, uecessary to unload-one to
pitch:offQand'one to keep the mow level
thniiiviiig a great amount of labor, cor
pared with.vhat is required in barns of
The apartments for the cattle are com
plate.' The walls which are of very solid
etdne.work,are plastered, and though cool
ins'urnnier, we should suppose they would
besio Warm In winter that no frost would be
foinnd there; windows in - each side permit
free ventilation. The fodder is thrown
into-racks for the stock from the "feeding
floor'in the second story. In front of
racks are mangers to catch any straws thai
drop from the racks, as the fodder is pulled
out by the dnimils. An open s'pace is left
betteen the 'racks and mangers, which al
lows the'animals ready access to fresh air,
prevents the. hay in the racks from being
ma'le unpalatable by'their breath, and gives
room also to slip in boxes, %0hen it is wish
ed to feed with'slops or roots.- The man
whdhad charge of the stock said he c1ul
feed and take care of a hundred animals in
thisbarn wvith less labor than he could man,
ege twventy in any other bairn lie ever saw,
The cattle stand oni a platforni with a gn
tle slope, whiich rendlera it easier to kee
them clean and dry. The cows are tiet:
wvith chhins around the neck, and are al
wvays''milkced in thaeir stalls, suanmer an<
witer. TIhe~y are milked exactly at fixea:
timbs.-Soupunctuual are the attendlants it
thieshbat-a clock is kept in the apartment,
and the herdsman tol 'is at iht momen1
the co~vg would bo in their places.
The barnyard is so contrived thatnone
othge reanture is wasted. tt is kept litter
d iv strawabid 's'Jeh wa'ste matters as
can be p atcured; atIiti the inanture from th<
stahls'is made iantt composi, with that ir'
the'yard, mixed wvith muck, and is not tuset'
till it h'as beco'mie fine liy decomliosition.
DairyIKLaguhe thanufa'ctture ,of biut tel
and cheese is only edt~,ied on to tiid exten
de'ianded by hodmeconisumnption. -Chees<
was formierl 'proulue'dfor sale, and of such
qialaity tha it cominjan le (when old~
fadi*1'20ttb 25c. per pound. The differen
ddity apahmnents were shown .to us, ant
all inf'otriation in tegard to the variui
processes anid management cheerfully gir'
en. The iLuilings appropiaitedl to thi
branchi ol b:tnslness are rather small.
~Th'eyiwe~rOreted soop after the comn
menckmyntof the society',id are less con
venienut thin''most of their modlern strueC
surai are; it Is, therefbre, dleigneda to sup
ply thsir dlace' svith' a new~ 'edifice, to b
cyttttell,on the rn'ost approved plan
Th.s~iat rooia 'for milk, butter an,
cheelle, azfe kept 'with 'the most sdrupulou
netttydss. Not a fly 6r any other ins'eci
o-erehe )eal;0gp f i'i, 661e
here, dlscovyred... The cheese' r wm h
6 dool and airy",the whidoWs of.whfdhfwdio '
Oprotected bygauze screens andhoiateme4 4
raturo kept low by wetting the .iloorei
cold water, .,After the cheese is y 1
cured'fn This roomIl And befoaie tWea e <
has bircome so cold s1a'M rke i'labibt6 i
f'reeze; it is removed Aovt robin. i-la
lai-or baementsof, the house9 ,19
r temperature is-nearly the sam 3
an'lngili'of time, an'd inpo. ith ge.1
just mehtioned;:(which,- by the 8ay.-le.sd
cold that no ice houso is ever, nded,) .be
longs.to. the hpuso'of the principal or sen
ior fainily. g Oig ify iig our 4iuli to see
the arr'angem'ents:or .ulinary puryoseb
t wo of thea fbiniiies -at nch* accom'paniediuls
to the..kitchends-Ad. ex plilained, her- itss..t
It . wotld be useless toati s Jtgn)ingto de
r scripion of'll the labor sav contrivan
ces wihiciare here se&tirbtI"'- &have eX.'
umindd similai departMeh1eNbilonging.ito
or. seen stich perfect coh.yeitcens ther
are here, and we klnqw n iwthb I.most to
admtire,'thie skill and' ingeii fy einneedin
the originial disign,. or th& ktness hI
r plaved'In (hei. hse. A uhs b-a i.
B fully clean kiteiten and dIsystematig sh
qi.manner in iiper.ation arehere
coiddited, is asight ivorth seIng. 1h
cooking for ifamily, of some threehuni re;
pesons is here dqng wth' less. lbor then Is
usiially'required for thirty.
Sales.-A large portion of the soles of
ithe society consist ,dried herbs, cxtracts,4
and. the seeds of- vegeoables. Some fift
or sixty acres o land are, dvoid.,to thle
productioi of th6se aticd. 'Jiem'otint
of sales or the ne profits or the btisines'
L we did not learn. The cultivation of ihsii
I herb and vegetable gardens, as well as
their garden s generally, is very npat. Th
herbs aid oilier preparations are put up in
L the best manner, and are sold by establish
I ed agents in the large cities, and also'trav
Piling agents over a large portion ofihe
country. We noticed, a press used., fur
pressing herbs, which appears to possess
some important improvements. It .wiS,
invented bya young -man belonging to the
society, and we believe he has secured a
patent fgr it. We hope he .will furnish
hdzawings and s desciipiion'of it for-liber
tion in our columns.
We are well aware tlati mniy of 1lke'im!
provements ofrwhich we have spoken can
not be so readily or advantngeously carried
out on common farms or individual estates,
and we cannot bring them forward as de
serving universal adoption; but we think
that something of the system which is here
observed in conducting business, might be
profitably imitated by many of our farm
ers. Above all, we do not hesitate to re
commenil, both to husbandnen and house
wives, the Shakers' examples of neatness
and cleanliness, the imitation of which we
are sure would result in the increase of
comfort and h:ppiness.-Alb. Cultivator.
MIS C E L L A N E 0 U S.
A BEAUTIFUL SCENE.
J. R. Chandler, Editor of the Philadel.
phia U. S. Gazette, describes the follow
ing exquisite scene. It is more beautiful,
more touchingly pure than the purest
dream. lie was walking in the late watch
es of thenight, when the stars were bright
in the heavens-the earth fresh and fragrant a
with the night dw, and the great ocean on a
whose shores he *wandered, pealing its sol
emn hymn through the starlit darkness,
when he saw this holy scene.-There wvas
no star in the heavens brighter than the
fervent aspirations of the simple hearted o
sailor; and his prayer, wvas, in God's ear, e
louder and more sublime than the roaring,"
of the great ocean:
At length a repeatedl remark-drew my
attentioni towards the, bank; looking overa
which I saw an elderly rfian In a rough t
drless. with a sm~all bov lils-sde..
"Why not?" inquired the sallor.
''Because you called me so earnestly,
and bade me meet yon on the beach, as
soon as I cotuld get dressed."
"It -should not have been neglected."
'said the old man,
"I should think," said the boywihn
app~earance of great deference, othat you b
could not have been up long."
"No, I had just risen wvhen I called you."
There 'was a pause of a few moments,
which the old men broke by saying:
"We are quite early, and perhaps the
duty omitted by bothof us at the house may
be disch-irged here. We will scarcely h
wvork the wvorse for It tu-day,"
The speaker then took off' a glazed hat, ?1
and displayed a head slightly bald; the long
mottled hair on its sides trembled 'in the
slight breeze that set in freom the ocean.
The younger also laid aside his hat,' and h
bo0th knelt upon the sand. In a solemn.
tone the father cormenccd his morning's
-devotion. I could not catch all the wvords; C
but here and thei , when special earnest
-ness marked the request I could distinctly
hear eacth syllable. The language wav~s
,simple, hut expressive; and, as much of it -
I was scripture, it occasionally rose to subli- I
mity.-The daily wvants and caresand dan
grers of the 'n&tItinr went in tlim, who
ld I sta Y~g sly a fde byia ded i I ' ( io
ro' :theh:rkieigand phi~eeledl ~ttii
ioat iv d~ is to .conteyTthem"Y6- %
hore( diergdre iih inine -heaidhe
dirayerofitheald jillot;adve t
4veraf(ad nyh-be his, Foe~nhot doibi. h'
r011i)sprepaedto a i'ihth6s
I j:n. From th4 Utica(. Y) n
AN. ESSAY TO $Ni8sEA
At g 'emut iK i- -
I der irU otIthe I
I sailidjnthiR Kl A -
!And ient'by L V Mooi.
T h'4It c~n
iuA T.'l from,
M~'a.tian e 2 rit
1 6 ZAnd I AlPtiipu'- E N , U-?
B!EZ rmin ait o n not.
hould E frlindship shio B)3 tru
'they-.hounit B lbrgoa' 1:1.
utfrend i nd foes pdike.
Or uncle'sh G, a
From virtue noer D-V 8
Her infunen"e B9,
Alife'.induces'0 derness -
Or d0tido'divire. -
JI -fgnt cuta - -
hoI~po'Ugl put a.
R U for annexation 2
A .6 of land.
He Boys ho loves U 2 X8
U're virtuous and Ys,
In X L N C U X I.
All others in his'
This E A. until u Ic,
I pray IJ 2 X Q's,
And do not burn in F E G
My young and wayward muse.
Now fare U well, dear K T J
I trust that U ft true
When this U C then U can say,
An S A 10 U.
J. S. F.
A man of subtle reasoning asked.
A peasant if lie knew
Where was the internal evidence
That proved the Bible true I
The terns of disputative art
Ibad never reached his car
lie laid his hand upon his heart,
And only answered-"nanc."
'Come hither my dear, my picture is here,
What think you, my love, don't it ,trike you?'
'I can't say It does 1a present my dear,
But think at soon will-it's so like you.'
-ECEIP'T FOR MAKING INDIAN PUDDING.
The readers of tie Ban''e: will find the following
good recipt for making an exdellent and cheap,
adding, or which we have oflen partaken. It was
irnished by a lady.
"An Indian Pudding, and --.-. !
And plenty of good fresh butter, &c.
Mix wveil together the following articles: 1 pound
good biutter, one and a half pounds of sugar, six
1-gs, two quarts of claughbeir or l'uttermilk, (skim
ilk pezhages will do,) one teasl-oonfil bf ualnraeus
id two quarts of linely silled cornmeal. Bake one
sur in a tin pan and serve in the same. To be
ten hot with a plenty of good fresh butter. The
ove materials miake a puddling amply sufficient lor
H UMA NIT y wil direct us to be particular
f cautious of treating with the least ap
earance of neglect those who have Jately
aet with misfortunes, and are sunk in life.
uclh persons are apt to think themselves
ighted, whe~n no sutch thing is intended.
'hear minds, being already sore, feel the
past rub very severply. Anid who wvould
e 80 crusel os. to add affliction to the afflic
A Good One.--The Springfield Gazette
lls a good story abotit a clergyman, who,
ast his horse on Saturday evening. After
untin gin company with a boy till mid
ighlt, ho gave up in dispair. The next
ny, somewhait dejected e t his loss, he wnent
sto the pulpit, and took foi- his text the
ilowing passage from Job--'
"Oh that I knewy where I might find
The boy, who had just come in suppor.
ig the horse still the burden of -thought,
ited out, -I knowv where he is, lie's in
)eacon Smith's' barn. -
CURE FOR THER nfTE OF A RATTLUsNArCE.
-One or two spoonsftul of sweet oil taken:
nwardlly, tand the wvount annointed wvell
th ih.has beenm found to be an effectual
ttre for the bite of a Viper or R attl-anak
th It n nA on q er
etn e p i
aen h I
n i #)on1
"glisailan la o 4,
Picse a wel o
Afe.inl l h io i&
thvahFr see~ee' sdryt V~
detillid thpiia 1i Proi b
doQn i ir It0 . .
quietly emb'n'b liemsbtfi~ iT e~ ue
wafli lave batt'erie all' Y o
fleas'd fifcrni rnqrfa. The . i7 l
'are io const 'itdi that ..I. ,
afe1 i t "tiso l'fl tl "i
pusi itpe nse , b'
e telrposhon. x
We enteredl the fon'zel~s r
quetly,%bfmil al je i. iij l .i 1
tren'gtll;'asilvery sl fullf:cost4(H;ei~
'thenM warnt alunit saon'e pbssjw.i
dd's ral attewijls, and aiin
devised,iarrdov pasas;s Nitly-h)g~'$6
wla de each side .TisI wa's tdr nahd
nea V:anal or mootf with adi-4.bj d'
over it. We next arrived at ilig
stairs, and pain'i ujsveralvailtl Ie aWs
cents, we-gained the td'1 1oth'ra 4b~i'
terz'r."1'T he geuiea-al cha'adteiide-ialisht
of great strengthy and ie'ntf of foo'n'i
~wgrkiTh. Thiey mouante'd J20 long24'
piund~re, all of brass. 'They were for
most- part im excellent :codditwkion,
Bnortael were f large'easliabre thutl
ipa suck" good rder du iliefina. Tie
podr agasnes ,fre etoh liter-allya'
'dry stone'eflH ph ed, a the top'with
blaniiet's/tfid hievida roIunt metal'lid (,vn
er-thet moojlkthad; opeC4tion the baiserA
"We next'deircefld1 theinner workW,
and.ainLedthe deohd y 1~b~~4i
cue route. i estdes thehn esiy 't
sic bsiegers of havihg gui'des who'ivd
know evLiry torn ofithe 'worfs~ ~the'issite
mnent and smoke are altriestlertain'to pro
duce a confusion, ini which' the voice or
presence of the guides s-ould be lost, and
the party dashing onwvard might onlr ar
ri ve at a dead wail,'a gap lking out upon
the sea, or the mouth sof'a 'twenty~four
pounder.-The cir cuitoallsro'ute of :our de
scent from the upper to the' lower range
ot walls was entirely-exposed tO their bat
teries, the guns grinning at usall the way,
likeC so many black tusks, as 'we' 'traverieti
stone causeways and narrowv passe
Whole rvgiments might~ here be rakel
dlown, after they -had conquered the out
wvalls. But the 'chances of wa' are
merous; and one imperfections in 'the great
test power (if otherwise perfet) may i
der it inapplica ble, and perha p. ridiculous.
0On arriving at their injer 'batteries, we0
found the guns in a wretched' ndlti.
i hey were no bettor Whan i Chinese offe
calculated' to strike terror into the' id.
-ut one may' imngine how very angry
the subtle architect of this formhldipio cas
tle would have been,- could ie' have seen
is excellent airangements for the safe and
nearly certain destuction of the assailants
this renered abortive.
"We now descended a very wideand
steep flight of stone stairs which led down
ito the grand caatlo square. or little towvn,
as one mlighit almost call it. We entered
ati the bottomr through stone gatewvays, [the
architect had never muissedl an opportunity'
for giving the bcsieged protection In re
treating, antd time to rally,] and found our
selves in a large open squqre enclosed on
all sides by very lofty walls, the'lower jort
of which displayed doors and entrandes inji
to barracks, guard ho uses and shiops'of ,as
riobs kintds for the sale of such articles~k
a garrison wvould need. Thde Governor's
house is at the farther end, It was a go'en
uine soldier's' lodgment,- and very 'bare of
all ornament, except those of war, for it
was riddled all over with the marks'dfslit
and shell, Its strong covered balcony, iO
tended to serve as a protection both from
the broiling sun and the fall of missiles,
was inumany places torn in long gaps.- All
the towvers and buildings of-any elevation
had- been knocked atbout and 'defaced by
the shot and ellis from Vera Cruz, prey:
ouus to the surrendler of the castle. But
ihe muitilations and destructions" did not
materially affect the strength of the~ place.
Very few of the guns had! been 'dislodged;
even the outer batteries tvere not injuded
so as to render them ineflctive, 'with the
exception of a gap of ruins in one or hr-o
places. T1here is about-a mile's breadth of
sea runi~sing .bet ween San. Juan d'(JIloa and
the town of Vera Cruz.
"Howv strongly and~sk~ilfully this fortr.
is protected b~y art the readlei has now sornq
idea; but an Juan d'Ulloa is equally, pro
tectedl by nature;.for, wh~ile the defopgegaJ
art whichm I have ifrieflydescribeli arephief
ly devoted to the side ant angfacwogr the
toW ,thseO angles which ae 9-the- miti 0.
poile re- "'
SL- ll anaf"gT
91 ahi. w AV,
Owl J d l~i hte~
a~s~f~h~graLUiqn;hv en -
wat 'prop). Wit bra -kiftr- anw'.'
map, wIf Ch a apunds~jbam
~lr tl h es~~~ii~n;;e'4Ria
wFon W~p. thda v-a~,batt Io~Ieao
V~~e 1h~a ~."r,-oc~n1 4uwo
Jai gooda i) e',bat lUrtufr
latrsJ~1a eda~a ciw~ni"
What~~~~.1i (lhVneuteema ei ntr
f vManPe llRaaW ogbl MdO
Atcm ilosoV t
how~~~~~~I WS ipoVbd"si l I AWtr"
..Ti gnru aum; ve V ol Upen; stv tuc
of ~ ~ uW sufri ~for inhid of 16d
Tun4* ro, -t -tlio ,s e
~ i s 'nd. .,~u~n
siaptai..Dfter 06 aodg ve-t9topa 4.Y Iso
tJie; ilk.oifi pre ti ed; U V Iime at iii his
trne,v on bci d~Lsm ng~
v'a'rya eath famesthe aingzin. t th
.eesns-ohn isC-t Wwewr
.,ieie o gyur!11 ut to Wl "C a. or
fot r 'ou? sa (Joe4-z~.in 's-give
giv; at if you oi~lre oento eine -ii m
.................r ''" - .d
ecbqal sphlWo. he rocni~.alli6. z l~~
zum a.:1Jtenolas.heseai iuas 6,vMAt ry,w eaftlk-~
that, 66. it I onl sr d istol-i t6-ak t'q ; arile.
*isible?'. ried ih' d l~w niti . 1
wa'ap' generous. zsw ;.Pt~~.sr~
ed to nia ko ~ e ot~ a~kna sl~eavue 4 wu
Sce ~-nbi't:sltusl e m a diecle, lbpre mu
of ferS. s' fro
Tn roi ta 'td Jupi~ta.
we 9r , o;bfUi.4g
.s~di~w , pwe' -AW~firme tthh s
*o , , ...' '. a., .. ~ h a a " . . . . ,
-Aho;Bi-OU~ bc-g'c'dtiI*LJ6Vs1J)6 migiti
.1a. 1,6 a-la,e a. urs l 0 m g ni ~qtist
rd~tvitrd~ur ~left Kiuy' c,.p" '.
th~~~~~cr weres a '' - '
you~~~ ~ ~ ~ -ta:e~ all illcs6,tO'ng 1vre1i~i'.
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