Newspaper Page Text
wo tinled at hisi f n 11,7
or tihe Generatl'aes .i.l1iintOpri'dyi
Officer V 11o S i'nise'imstel f acR
Baca de l'Palma, was killed..
. Tihe battle.uf- the 23d -lasted frorm esat
morn till about P4T.-.M. when'Santa An
drcw o$'hiisoriyand retired to Agia fi
ova, to await a' reinforcement.
It-will be rernember.el that Sa-ntaAnnm
de reservc, commanded by Gen. Vasqi
had been delayed in its march, and has, I
doubt, joined: him a few days after .the b,
tic. Bat in the meantime his army is se.
ving. and many of his men are desertin
Cap. Prentiss' strong artillery omilial
was not in the action, but hind leriCAltinte
ey tojoin Gen. Tafor, with six eano
two heiig 18-1)poiers. On the 7th Mnre
ooe Otil O io regiielnts also left 310
terey to joii Gen. Taylor. If these ai
Ca pt. Prentiss' artillery arrived in time, i
the Gl'enl 's heavy loss will -be fully r
paired, a1i66 he will be ready to iect-i0an
A nina agaii.
Gen. Taylor, at the last accounis, w
still maiitaniiiing his position, undisturb
by the enemy.
An exchange of prisoners had talc
place, and ' IOl ough anil lltaely's" pr
mise to C-l. Marshall t,% get back Cassi
M. Clay am his parlvI, byliaking Mexici
prisoners enoutgh to exchange for them, I
been fullY redeemed.
Gen. Wool greatly distinguish1ed himisf
in the action, ami lteofli , ers fought lil
A fter the ba ttle,, General tavlor dema
dled (if Sana Anina an uneomitionail st,
render tit his whole army, which the l
ter declitiel: but in return~, requtireci ofGe
eral Taylor Iii surrentder immidiatelv. Ir
mortal he tih(e reply of "Oh)16 Rougli n
- leady," ns delivebred hy the gillarit Liet
Crittenden-"G E N. lA Y LO It N EB
ER SU RR EN DIF.Rs!"
Santa Anna's Adinmant-nUreral wasen
tured by. thei Amel'ricans, but was afte
Gen. Taylor occipied htis grotnd on i
24th and 25th wdit oppositionl.
Col. Morgan, fr the Ohio ' Voluniteer
with a small foirce, cot lis way* thr..u
large bndies ofaritiml exiens, 0 aid arri
cd tit Alart. A detaI chm it of 3 om piII
es, uncihr command of Col. Geddiitgs, w:
sent to his aid, aril the whole party at
said to have arrived safei nt Monteri'r.
A train of 100 lo ole ~wa%!ons (U, tj.) f
their way in M on terey frno Can:urgo, tm
-der an escort o.f 30 vlntil eers, w;is Caiptti
ed bY it body or Mexican cavaulry a Fe
miles beyond MAtrine. Three of the me
made good -their escape-the rest wei
taken prisiners. A young i'tily, the dlitgi
ter of nll American citizen living in .lLex
'co, and return ing home from New Orlen)
-where she has inin gvoing to school, ws
ta-ken with this trin, her father having her
killed by tli .&xi calns. She had esCIpe
amt arrve at monterey i, fa-.urty. ,-,O
her misrottunes hald excited the most liv(
sympathy. The lady's lame is Miss Burn
Col. Cirtis, of the Ohio Volunteev s, h
started on his expedition ngainst Urre
who was at Aldemas, a vilbage Mn Oih. So
Juani river.ahout forty miles from Cama;
go,. The Colonl hs a . ini e , force oe v1hn
teers, composegi of the Ohio and Indiar.
Regiments. at bat)tiont oif Virgini V.ihi
teers, and Ca pll in llun tter's eimn uiy ofC I
Theli '1eicans1 haveC plo~ssein of Ce
aivo, CNhin::, ,l ior, anid all tihe towns bi
tween Cumuarg a amtiP ltieroy.
Fr' om thle N. 0. Delt~a. \March 2.1.
ZMPWORTAN~T PROMV V~i
S UCCESSFL LAt N lUNG OF 0O
WATER AND Sil'PLIE- CUT OFF FRO.
Recin noisan71ce- Landing thet ..t merico
Forces- Carrying Redoubts- Loss
Capt. Alburts and .seLven Men-Jinnes
- ment of Vera Cruz-R.ec of Mi,
s/hipmrani Rogers-The ,lado, 4c.
Bty the arrival. nt an early honr tlis mar
ing if the. sehri. Port ia. Cept . 'owell, I whli
left Sacrifieios as, the l15th int'ant, we a
initelligenice from, the foarei4e< co-operuth
angsinst V'era Cr uz. For iihe fac.ts ilh-toil,
wve are In debut ol toi onr correspomsitlen ce a1
.converationtj~ls with pa:ssenge~irs.
T1roops we 'V re~ lawled,1 ate 'r a PI reconni
ance.o 6)1heII 7th, by Generals S'cout, 16
Ti<,with t heir Airls and)1 the~ Tourjii
plical ccarpe, wvhieb 4aproached'l near
1hor e', Iitonds t he direction11 of the Cast1
the gunts from San .luan lie Uliui opei
dire uponlf the1 pasrly, thr-owinig shll a
roundli shot, bulttt without dhoitng anly dama1
to the reconniloiteringe. part y-the rauitel shi
either pa'sing oiver ar falliinr short, and1( I
hilrsting~ at ni conisiudieable el'lealln, deu
sno h-irm. QO shll paissingr over libi stenl
or Pet:-iun, (the veIsselj emloyed1v. ini the
emumi~isancer.) an td nntiiher h)1rstinlg und1
-her how, wit hiout dluring her aily injur y.
Tlhe re'onnOlu ice wats mnadeu wife tI
1Trnnsportsfland conII6voy wIere lyinig silT
Aniton Lizarot' after their retun, anit
I enat posse~ 11 . deay, Itranspoiirls nnl cI
vony w ei gi ed ancho iir -u611 stood1( in thle souli
ward of Sac, ilicies. I eanring inlLi twards
rnlniland11, ith a~l fair brneose and in galhs
style, wihen, they cam toa'16 anchor, the ci
voys teking poisition int suich a manlner
to protect thei dii emba~irkentI( olie t ro|
the first (1000 being lauuhed at 2 O'elm)
*P. M.. on the 9th1, an11 thle remauimuler I
' ig the day. TPie Iandiiig is sp)loen of
'persOns who were eye witnessies, as a sec
ofmnagnihicence, rarely witnessed mnore~ th
onIce'in) an*lifetime~l. 'lIho troo11) lainded
mnounted to the cenct numhmer of lia, 00(
t1 ,~~te the d Opit e~Intnd
ir ptheir e ot e 6,r thOp ir
i.. tions assigned-Po then tIport -c:
00,on acid siegi of'Vera Cuz.
ly '$he stoamers Vzph and Spitfire, laying
IaI ungler.Punta lHornos, opened oi the city
u; ncross the point and in the Hrection of the
Castle, with shill and ron6d sh1ot, hicvlii
i's was returned by th Ca.stlie, but without ef
10 General Worth's division: which, it is
it- said. has been assigned to the operations on
r- the left flank of the city; from the locility
g. of the landing on the South'and unider PUn.
iy ti de liornos, had necessarily to move in
r- echello3n to tle rear, Alist the right, in or
n, der to gaintI his iprhper position-in the exe
i, ention of which it became necessary to at
it- tack and take possessiion of tiwo riedoulits
it thrown up-by the enemy, on onie of which
te was a piec or artillery, and both filled
- with inlfantry. TIle redouiibts were attack
ta ed, charged and takei, a spirited resistance
heing mnale by the enemy, who lost sever
is al in killed, wounled nnd prisonicis-our
loss some'seven killed and severai wound
ed. Capt. Albutrtis, of tha 2d1 Inifantry,
!in was killed by a round iihot, supposed to be
0i- 'roin the Castle; the ball severed his head
us from his body, the same shiot tiff the arm (if
in a drummer, (a hoy) anl wounding a pri.
ns 'vte. Capt. Alburtis was a Virginin,in
formerly conducted a newspaper in Fred.
4f ricksburg. Col. Dickinson was Wounded
ie in the brenst by a. musket shot.
The skirnishitig was however no check
t t-the adva ncing colmtin , which passed
r- stendily fo' rwarl to its position on the left
it.a and rear of the city, where 'it halted and
nt- comm!eel the work of entrenchment.
n). The tised for the ptirpiise of sup
il pliing the city with fresh water, havebeeni
t. discoveredi and brooken up, completely cut
- fing offihe supply from the tanks, which
are Rituated some distance from the city.
I- During the dvace upon the rear of the
r- city, palssed midshilimian Rlogers, whof had11
iiot been sent from Vera Crt'iA, was botini
nn i cart and orderel to be ciPnveyed., un
der a guard, to the prison nt 1erote, but
fortunately they were erountitered by iir
hI roirces and Mr. Rogers was rescued amt is
1-inw nl board his ship.
i- Tie city is now completely surround
is by ur triips, cach dlivisioi iiving takeity
-e anl allvantageoustt position, with enitrencK.i
men ts, compleitely cutting ofla ll communi
n Cation by sea or land, ndi, at the Snte
i- tine, nrc* saife from the fire of the eastle.
r- The positions of divisions were establish.
6v ed I3th, extending from Ponta de llornts,
n on the right, to Ptimta dluia Catita, onl the
- left, in one unbriken linei *anl active prep
i-arations were film foot for the immeiute
i- subju gation of this formidable place.
g, So closely is Vera Cruz now besieged,
s and so ittirely are every mieans of corn
a ttoica tion eut off. all in a very ftw days,
d thenewsimuch reach us that Iitth the cily
-' icin.1 fitctle.pro 'trripied by otir victorimnis
I. The general impression seems to be that
d the city will stirrcader in the course often
1, days or tWO weeks. No doubt is express
at ed.of the succiessftli termination of the en
- The Portia was delayed from the 13th to
a the 15th by the prevaiiience of a Norther,
i. duriio which ic time the disehia rge io lieav y
I. itridoanco wa<~ frequenitly hteard which
*diiubitlees s proceeded ifrm th de Castle.
r- The vessels belongini g to the squadnironi
-emptloyedi in the service as counvoys, n-l
fior the ciiveri ng lhe Iantdings of the troop Js
biloitw Punita dle IIrllirns, are: FIn zshipI R.1
ritans; Frigiaies Pitomnie ii Ptrinerton:
. lioips St. .\ ar' A Ihanty, amid .ohn A d
amis; Stenmters Vi .ven atndi Spitfire; Gn-.
boa,:ts R eeler, Petrel, BOnita, and Hell. The'
Gunboabats carry mraeidinm 32's.
Correspondenrce of thec L'har. Mercury.
n IsL.ANn "F NAN A NToNto DPT. ELzAno.ft
M .4EXIC:O, 9th Maia chi, 18S-17.
.'All the Regimetnts I have seeni, wib ihe
exception of oar ow n, nre comph-lstelv tuni
. foirmedi; ami seeini! thne latter wihen ont pa
radie, remii-nds. me i.l a certain city RIegi
re mient as it it. existed nuot a hiundrmed y ar
,,sincetii n lit is toi sir HoI agamu iism bi~ eintg
the ptredoinnt leaiiure. Imaiginas sinms
.dl seven hutndiredl neni. comrrposing tenl com-ii
il' put ies, enich compijany i wiih the e.xce pt iotn
I of the Chainrleston amsI Richinoi, iiidorn*,l
.I with red, blue. gireen, cheek. andI whlite
it- shirt4 oveir their unmeniitiinabhle's; Kihinar.
iil1 nochl caups, orm wihiite cititit skull lhsts, iii
a- h il Grimes eini, proetectinig -their seaits
be of knowtledlgi fritmi the peinga of the piti.
hiss stotrml; whiile their liiwer extremitiis
are e~annsed ini every varniet of boot, shaoi
od sitoctikint ! Nichi, wiith an equal ile
pteiibinee regai~ring the isuitwardi ami in.
waa nanmi, will iurntisha yiu atn iden ithei
he C'aroll ina Voliunteecr", fior wvhose use 1irenly
iiIthoui~onnd dollars wire apjprioprintted by
the Ntate Legislature1. I aim often asked
Swhere is moniey hais gotne to, butt I moust
e. wait for nn expjlaination from some folks
er nearier the Ca pitail thain ourselvecs.
Sergent Mluirpthy, of the Stumterville
hie Comsipan,ied to-dlay, fromi iniflamnaitn of
at lie htowels h, brou tghlt on by- the tinwhiliI.
hie somel iness if t he I oodi whli ch we ar e comp ie .
n. leid t eatt, in iorder to sustnininature. liere
h- lftfme the hail e:Teets irsom noaft the rations
hi have been i couniiitera cdIby g iving thle menii
nt rice, hut even thait is not fuirtiniie tnow,
nail it ennreatdilybe imnagitned whlait fillosws
as fromt only pork artdi old lbeans, enten i al onte,
ts, with the thiermomieter apptrouiniag 100!
-k, But enitugh pour le present.
r. Yonrs, DAN.
nra It'is a singtilar coinicidlenc~e that the same
an dlirisn whItichI hais alttacked' thle pita(toesin
a- oterlontieshs atttackedI thte cocoa in
L rpR .7viv t i E a" I'A ,
LATO' ~II', BA'TTLE
By tto arrival' ofthe.s.cli~inerEtnma
Norton, from the Brazos, w'hich she ift on
th 14th inst. -we learn vera'lly:-of.jn ee
gagernent between Col. Curtis and Gen;
Urren, at some pqint bqween Monterev
and Camargo, in wiiich the later wes defea'
ted and driven off, with . considertahlo loss,
1t aippears hat Gen. Urrea, with 0000 citv
airy, was between Camargo and Montercy
ii thi7th; and that Col. Curtis, with -the
forces uneler his command, determined to
fight him Air the purpose of re-establishiig
ciommunications betWeen tire two places.
Acordingly, he moarciei out. of Ciamargo,
alid sooii nt e tin. with.Urrea, w;hen the
conflict liegn. Thei'ht latied for sever.
at hours, and Cot. Cutiris having been met
by superior rnmIbers, Urreat rnanaged to
surrouind him; and the Col. was on the point
of surrentlering, ns, I'is retreat was cut ofT.
when he was eneouraired bV the aid of Co
louel Drake, who commenced a sharp fire
upon the enemy's rear. As soon las the
firing wits heard by Col. Cuirtis. ho miaile
a desperate chtarge andI effTecint I a junction
with Col. Drake, which enabled thIetm-r to
gain a lcisive victry. Urrea retired lire
cipitaely, al -the line of conmunicatiopns
on the Rjo Grande is thus entirely re-open.
It is reported ihat General Taylor had
reached Monterey, and was on tis way to
Carnargi with a force sufficient to open the
communications between the two points.
[Frnrn the Jeffieroaninn.]
LATER FROM SALTILLO
We have a letter from Col. Jeff, Davis.
rInted at Saltillo, March 8, which sepaks
of his wittind (in the fAtl) as not being of
a serious character, anld that he is dtoing
Hle also states that the enemy hnd run
beyond the reach of Gen. Taylor: dispirited
inl dishenr tenied, inl a corripl ete 1ou.
We nre imdelitl too Lt. Crittndedn ftor
lhe i lett-r from Col. Davis. Lt. C. confirms
the statement that the Mexicans were in
fiull retreat fir Satn Lids Potmsi. 'Tho A mrer
ica.ns-were in full possession oif uena Vis
la aid Aiua Niuva. ie road between
Camnargo and Monterey was tgain compar.
ltively free from interruption.
It was supposet thhat Urrea had re-crossed
Negoliations for Peare.-The corres.
ponetunt of the New. York Journal of com
mnrc'. writ ing from WNashington underdate
of ithe 24th tit, states that Mr. IIAttoous,
the financial friend ant banker (if S.msr.%
AN NA. had been som days in that city,'and
that lit wuas lied tio believe that a negotin
lion waS goi tn t 'etwecen this countrv
ind lMexico, ad on the eve of'nriumitia
ition. for ia getiral peace. This. taken in
connexio with the i delbraltion of the Gov
,rntir or i i' Mixica n ptrivinice. of whicb
Saltillo is the capitl. aiitressed to Colo.
!el %WAR.Nrin, acting us tie Americun Cov.
-rnor at Saltillii, that American Commis..
iimners were then in the city of Mlexicn,
p-rioptinitg to tlet government to coticlide
I peCacle hetween the two countries-gives
it air of pridbability lit the surmises that
stonething' ofthe kind is on foot.
AlURDri.--Wet have seen a lettter fronm
Frn igiebtirg, unditer (1.1ie of the Ioth Ii It.~ ,
wh Iich states that a murtder hail been comil
mait tc't in thtat Distriet on thte TrueschtyV p re
it ius, tin the bodyi of air. Ben-jamain Plumi,
u ni a ti of PoilandI, but ftir s'everal years z.
re'sidentt oif this city. ile hail ftir some I
man ths herni peingtii in thtat District, and|
w'hilec on tic rioadi si lea,e posi ng htis wart's!
rtir sale', wasih mut itredi by a negro fromn
tate of the' adjioining pitantatiuons ; ito has
been' i arrest ed. I~it T he bd y, of' M r. Ptlumn
wa':s found abhutt fiouirteen miles acbove the
eilIhigt' of' Oranguiciurg, n ith the skull bin.
kent mt several places.
MLRIDER OF DR. A BURT.
A most aL'iriaat mu rider, we regret to
le'aun, says thei Augusta Chronicle A Re
tin el tiofi Sturditay, wast comm, t nittedi upjon Dr.
A. flrav tif Edgevtield ,District, S. C., whott
t'. treide sonie ten or 'ftftien mitlte aboive
Iltambuirg, byi one of htis twn negruies, yes.
ie'rdtaytn mtrning. rThe circumnttainces, as
rehitttd toi us, tire thtesi': the IDr. tattemptedl
to ct'it ise him u, fior w hi ch piurpose he hadl
biriken tof'fii thi rnnch tf a peach't tree, wuitha
wich h lie ittflitd Itia fe~w st ripes whlen tihe
tnti se'ized- ain axe .antI abliitst iin'tanitty
tkili'd him, nottwithistatitling the Dr. nit
temtedi ti tscap te. Th'e im cri was arres
ted aend ia in ctustmiv.-Col. S. Car'.
SENT'ENCED) TO'( BE [lUNG.
tin ai r. P~ ilum, wa~s triedi at Gri t lanbrg on
"Satrh last, tami fitundi guilty, le was
sen tent'edi to be hutn g ton Fridfay, the 9th of
WVe stautedl Inst wee'k that two or tthree
were concerned' ini the muirider of Mlr. P.
This was atn error.-Pal. Ban ner.
-\utvEMEN'Ts OF TitlE ist DENT It is
satitd by~ the. Alerxatndri Gzet te- tht Mr.
Potlk wtill visit Northb-Carinta in tite mionth
ioC .June, toa attend a ctelebrationi of the' Uni.
veirsity, btefocre whtich Mr. Secretary Mason
has been inivited to decli ver an addtress.
Misenttsvous M iot.-From circumrstan.
ces sinico dtiscovecri il, says5 the Saltem daiz
iette, it a pptears th at the~ recent fire in the
honiste iii D. A. Neal, Esq., was unques.
tionably I~ ticicasione by ctli tie actliin oIUf mnice
up lon 'r ic.iton mtut ecs. Thiiese diange rotus.
conveniiteces requires murb'h care to pre
ren-~t their hccrnminrg "jnecniairies "
S AITERVYLLK S. C,
WEDNESDAY, APRiL 7, 1847.
AGEN S- FOR THE BANNER.
MpSsa. DcLon:i & Wnerr, Sumte'rville, S. C
T. W. "Pzo s, Esact. Camden,S. C.
The office of "THE BA-NNER" is removed to
the new building next 19 the eut- or ir. Juss -.
VAOUGAn, on the ,.Stateburg Road.
iAny business connected with the ofirce will ie
attended to at the olico lately. occupied by Mr. JAaS
Several communications have been re
ceived, .vlwicl will be n tended to as soon as
we are able. We ask of our readers the
observanconf our reitiest in regard to
The price of this article in the Charles?
tnn Maiket for the week ending P'iday.,
2nd inst.. varied from 10 to 12 1.4 cefits
a pouti. . -
OUR ARTICLE ON THC HUGUENOTS.
The Article orr eThc. [Iug'uenelas" was
written witi reference to the"early settle
ment of the Hugtienots in South Carolina.
The improvement of man has been effec
ted by a succession of Revoltiions. Some
have been mil anod licaciable, tli result of
caeuses working for a Iiong series of iges;
otherq have bursi forth on the "iivorld's
trembling nit lde," sudden and power
fl. Such was the Refirmaition of Lu ther.
Its great principle-its nblilean tas civil
anl religious lherty. History records the
struggles of the contest, rousing 11) all the
energirs of I':urope. Foremost'.in this (Ira.
mn.stand forth ehe Protestants of-France.
a Spartan band in the great army of Ile.
forumers. Sympathy for their suiffTerings,
reverence for the'ir piety, -idmi:iration of
their fortitude nnd pirseveratce, a nd( grati.
tude to Gmd for the preserva'ion of t rem
nnat of this ailleted peoile. i fect us,.when
we think of the religions:des-potismn which,
for ages, wirred agninst their aqtils.
'The llugu->nits were a People peculiar
to France, Separated from their brethreni
ofSwitzerland by theu vait moltntaiiln-brri*.
ers of natuire, renioved from intercoutse
with the English by a great extent of land I
and Water, they formed a colmmun i ty n-1
Irnig themselves, leagued together fAr the I
mittuial defeice of their contry an( relig.
ton. A nimted by these hi h - anted noble I
principles, they faltered not.in the hour oif
datiger--when ticcefsity called then to the
ficlil,. they shrunk nt from the sword of
persecution--when the fires oflioinish hi.
otry k indled ariptiand iheni; Ifi'ey. bore their
nartyrdoi with that utifltichino constit;.
cV so( clnrntetistic of their faith, and of
theiir cens. Thehive of religious Jibertv.y
arisinge from the cii iction :;f dlt, hz'. ,
in all prast time, given an tinda -edI:e(*pirit
to its votaries. WVitness thne zeal nf the
early Christian Church! Witness the firm
ness of our Pilgrim fathecrs! Witness the
persecutions oif the 11 ugents!
Mosst piromhinent in thie history of this
peopile, 'is the t raghedy ~nf Sainct ikm rthole..
mnet. The Protestant.j of that timoi' were
consideredC~ too~ formt iabIe ni pa r ty to lie n1nty
lon11ge r tole rateed. , a CatIo con tinun3(lly -en
in the Ruoman $en~nte, 'el.enda (st Onrthi
ng~O," so did( the men' in power eof chat timme
untc ensitn lyi sihout, "Le I thne Hlwut enits lie
dlestroyved."' And, at Ilnth, their dlesir.
was well atigh anecom:plished. The tni ghlt
oif St. Bartho(lemewL~ gIluts the all-devour
ing thirst of their enemies. Dulring that~
te'rrilic. slaughter, the cry' for merev w- as
drowned ini the relenitless shout of "'Death
to the Huueotliis,"' nidl the light. of dacy
but added new horrors to the scene. Th'
streets of P'aris flo" ''-d with -the lilond oft
her miurdered citize. ..;~nnd freom that city.
the mnassacre msprendl thtrougih nall the -prm
v'inces, burinin~g dentth andm desolantion to
every part eof the land. TihouasandIs of use
fland pteaceable citizens we-re struck dowin
lby thle dl emn oif dis tuctionfl i and . one Iii ted
cry forrvenigetined on stuch meonstrotis in
just ice arose to th'e thirr.ne of God, andl will.
yet~ have h esilenecedl by the woes ofcomt
tng ages. TIhis dreadfuil inusteince of thie
barbhaiismn of religi ous hig(3iry~excites the
indhignatione (if tihn wmo Id. :A t that ilmie it
was culogized, by many of the tnations oif
Euro pe, 11s a glo riou s trtiump--thle coiul
loodeudlI murdler (if iihous51 ads, a gltoriouas
trium iiph-the tiumpi~h of religion! .
Butt let its turtn fronm stuch a scene, and
contemplate the onignanimity (If lienry,
so woirthiily styled thet Great. This Prine'e,
ascending the throele at a time whlen faettieln
hadl torn h'1kingdedm for mhore. than a cen
tury, liad exhausted its resources, atnd im
poiverishedl his people, wiho had wvronegs teo
revenge aned crimes to1 puneish, neobh' buried
liemii all inl (oblivion, and1( thle woelrld'saw the
prolof an exalted miide in the Edict of Nan
tes. Whlat a conitrast with the condluct oIf
the guilty andl execratted (Chur!es, wvho, a
cetnturv before, hoc-ked calmly on the mur
der oif his stubjectsl This celebrated Edict
placed the rights of the Hu tguenots on a bn
sic, which theq most flngrant violatti oIf
justice could alone oveirthrtowt atnd lt was
toi be hoped that no future Monarch of
Franuce would have the r-uhness to annul
it. Antd ye't, nomt onC c'enturty hadl -passed
befoire its reventtioni filled the whiole land
al ith the blood of her slaughterced citize.
The Edict of Nantes gave to1 lhe Prot.,stants
no' Fenr-e n triinne nnd senp...,e ...~n
held ,no t
" On GnofonK M, on a1
'inglie.rregn Jdid~h y
gona4s exercised thelr A
-of 'conscienge was e
the death of r of pece,
From ti tm t eH i
at tigo inriguithe-td'1 d h, a
ures 'taken for (her riverthry
T hi'llng cliiduqf
bur t upon them frp n lis'
their rightA, their stene as peI",
swtept away. Por the ttesthalf
persecution' flbyved pejTedutI/ s
itu y, the revocation orate d
Nantes, by deprising tieljsig'e' h 'itgIt
sectirities of ife, and iberty-bv anjibi1
tin g their pstence as subjects, Feng -ij 1t
tei emigration of this pooie. T
of itteustriolus citizens left faier
na tive France, t-, srek in foretg'n il iufi h
liberly denied them in their outi. i
their predecoqsors, the P.ilgrirrs, bade tbiiefe
native lainad good-iighl.-.and1 lay do*
rest 'on tie. shoresof.New England,'idt
the Iaingueiio'i, driV'in across tihe
ocean by persecuting fanaticisrbi 'at idfr
find a retj.pliice ian thie sihores ofE Ca*6g.
lilia. The hiand (o 'wELpome wis lrid
1t to them-Athey were bailelids broil1rs
'A nil noble sons of'Ciarolin have theye issjtp
thernselves Bra vii'fthe pierils o f .'" K
wa rf~are, thby3 pluroged into thtwidgs
piotneers of the south, tle* str'n it-3d
the infant colory or Caroalina by thei re
ligion- and Iy their arms.
Blut to us, the- Settlement of the-iln e
niots, tholugh not folliowed, by con seqieei
res of such import, as those succeeilig
landing (f the Pilgrims, was ati n'iedi;th
the niost inportant riaeults 'iAj.wAdit Mon
of a lJarge hotly of men, viIt 061 finiti
Otis, nured to peril and wYar, bi te rb iali'
mar tyrs of religitus libperty, troilheilP
coimed by any people ; andipeculiarlj itji
tunate was it for a small colonsy, prese
on every side by-a ssirage ene3n, alibjg
poorly assisted Iy 'ile ithi er conditry.:
'lheij.singuirlyliastir anti cheerfnhu ripet
of midd enat'eyd them to endure'llie~hil
ships necessarijy attendaint on a seLtlenMOh
in a country, new,sturrtitin&lei by ete'en0'
a nd e xpose d to 'in alpost tropi.-l sun'. 'I'l'
same spirit, which madie iena . ikefer e01V
to sinvery, systninei therh'inihe ong jii'
ariduieuas striggle of .the Reivlutisj.4
Shi.ailder p shoulder w it tileir- brethren
ill thi It Id, ti1 y niet the .nvaiig inafa ,ad
the " plains of*'C: rolima." becanie the,aldtar
eln wrhich tihe acriise'their blo1ni iede,
fenicei tor their eniniman 'contitr. 'Vher
the " lack 11ud sinaaIking ruins." ol-di'sniae"'
titn ctveri l the Innl, the sne OitAisineps'
which tipliel .i .1r iqthiers in the' 'oil'
World, 1siniti their deseendiat 'n'.thif
iew. The iami of floarry, of fluger, Ai,
1atarian are iuphed wfiti Ldi
runs, of lutle(i'ge, of inchkey,'afl (
'Sumter-names deiar 'o ,vet- AfV
the ivatchwords f liberty. S ti1ia'1iif by
theexamrple of these,8Sait Cafffa p
ell the .noble dat ring and heric noiilge'
hiar aipliated 'people- , Thouiiands of their
desendanto os nt tis time hail'A ,nriewee tgig
land of their htirth the-land af their fore
fat hers' ad toption-the yinhumar their 4ti
crators- the amndi;f cit II anti relig~i~uigJj.
hetrty. hiny its stsatalurd., rearedlfa the iisi
fou::datioin of v'iriae, et 'r isc e 6'ro'~niif
litans oaf the sons 'of freerien, int'llh time
shiall be no men! - w
As wev re'siew thiesm' sernes, we ntt
r e'frain f rom nyk ing, w hat-hal te Mugdis
nt donate, that they should Lhsts tiep '
"At tihe mnercy'oi a n-yiste'ry of tjr'ranny?'
W' bit wecre their crimeis, that they aoutd
be decpriv'ed of all civti- existene..Adjgt
they' ulsatuld be hutntedl do-wn a lake ikil lie~Ig
-that. their blotod shouald stream undi tie
sword?:' They worshiheped God ned'tfhg
to the dictates of their cnia ce. al'hts
was thleir crime-this their" asbierninatina.
Tlhis iloomenic thtem to the sword, t'i '76
stike, anid to exile T') at they" weie a.
pweaenhricpople, order)3y IltuitiiObs,'ti4
'.e ll-istpsed, isie acniawledgedl by 'the
RI zmishl haistoriaans. Thef wa ~ ere artis~d
to revoltat 'shen thme iron yptke ofoppess6nga
becaug te'n reviaus toi b' hh-'hen
higottry 6 ent (I t he dist' 1 yint -3 t i'gm'ly.
whlen life a'iim libaerty were cruzslietl by 'g~
pr~si in The eIni grazian forniei ig.
ny3 nations uwith numnbejs.e useful iauabjes;
and Fr~nce now defi orje4 the tnje yel ~nl.
cy, wvthi hanuisls d her 'cihens, efw>piela
ted~ one fouirtha tofheer kingdom, rttlned Jer
coammerce, aund. for mnany years placedli ler
smdeltr martial law. To'i ier,',he restilt,of
suchb,piiiicy has henr disastrous in thes ex
treme'- the de'spotit paersecutiatins .c estu
ries having ended t'n thes driniulcata ,
trophie oaf the French Rev.o~ltienn: '
'The niinetenth centiry hars bro'ughtt
the Iit~ltngueote that tole'ratioan, whihh
pierumi ted the~m to rebuiid, thecir ponceful
temiples, anmd to worshaip Goad ins their toin
waty. The conflicts of ce'n:tirie's, hipvs
tiaugha t both partlhes the naecesstity ofC mattha~
t(when'ranee;. anad "the relittien of reasenn
ad that rehagi..n of anthitrity, have learried
thast they ctan exist in thae stime euidry
withoutrutntinuial wars'and fightings The
severe bhtaw wvhich the Rornish Chutifh re
ceived, at. thet time of thre Revoaltation, in
thae confiscatiorn of its property, and en-the
plreventima of ecclesiasticeh' interfer.ers
with the allaire of State, and thewisq pelley
of the new government, wvhieh grant 'ro
bigiotus liberty to the subject, conspk' to
root taut from .Frane'e a -mosIf'taleadre&
of discord, destriuctive of-the welingof
any people. '
T he influence of the' f'eformedfprinct.
ries has delivered the homan. mIndz'ompe