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From the Cimden Journal.
CULTIVATION OF RICE.
MR. EDTo:-Assuming the position
t,'hat enough has'already been said, as -re
cards theintiluction of rice as a staple
o*mmodity and as aimeans of reducing to
uewne extent,the plethora ofcetton, we will
hext enquire into the modus operandi. or
thatmethod of cotivation which is most
likely to produce, in the absence of water,,
a, sure and profitable'yield of the article.
It is.:eaidily admitted that -the rice plant
is.,aquatic-that. it delights in water, and
thatthe practice of alternating from wet
to dry. and from dry to wet again, is the
metho!d long established, and is still prac
tised by the growers of this staple, in the
region of tides. But on the other hand, it
isiiere.maintajned, with a tenacity equally
strong, that this plant id inligenous to the
soil of otr rivers-that it Is not wholly de
pendant itpon' those aqueous - alternations,
andithat a method of cultivation can be a
do'pted, favored by the pectiliar organiza.
tion of this plant, that will as effectually
promote ile growth and maturity without
irrigating t all. Now, the attempt to il
lustrate this position which differs so witde
ly from the established opinion. up,,n this
subject, is embnrrassiit it is irw-, but aie S
are stubboori thinstr-wit I.is mitto. then,
let is proceed. rhe ti rst i. conasideratiom,
will be. to show the temilency of this pilait,
when-in a healthy condition to thr..w otit
iecessively new roots for its support-- his
itdoes constintly tluring the whole pro
gress of its growth, regardless of the state
it tp!ay lie in, .wet or dry. But then the
dharacte'r of these roots dilrer naterially,
ilhIii appearance and in their orgaime
ndencies, and derive their charicter, and
afford'iuch ninurishment as is necessary to
the plant, in exact conformitv With the
state in which it may be in, By way or
illu'stration, let us suppose a field to be
floWed, when 'class of roots will soon
girotrude themselves, and stretching hori
zontally from the stock or stem of the
plant, pass just upon the surface, seem
ingly in quest of light and atmosphere
aloise. These.roots-are inere fibres, thev
die.instantly when- exposed to the actio'n
of.the sun uncovered by water.
Whereas, on the other hand, if this field
be iriained and dry suirface presents itself,
a class of roots wvill soons appear protrmd
ing as the formner ones dlid, fromn the stemn,
but different in every respect. These are
comparatively 'large, rich, and "igorous
roots, attended by many fihrotis particles
- which stretch themselves in every direc
tion near the sturface, whbile the larger sunes
descend to the under stratum of soil, seek
ing mmoistture, and extracting from thence
the richer particles of decomsposed sub
stadcaes so conmgeniul to the growth 'nd
maturity of the plant.
Itwoubl here strike the most casual ob
server, that these are advanttages in favoir
of the dry over the wet state.
This becomes evident from the very na
ture, anti physical tendIency of these roots,
whlich present themsmelves in precise con.
forinity with tiib relative condition of the
plant, wihile the plant -itself, from sonie
peculiar orguinic principle, presents to thle
Rstonished eye, a.'perfect adaptation to
This brings us then~ in our position, to
the' followilig grand alternative, or the
leading principles which uhiouhd govern in
the attempt to make a rice crop without
the use of water.
The first we will consider then, in the
arrangement, is the location and its rela
tive position above the altgnment or stanhd
.of water. Thia should he at least two feet
or more, for although it has been -adnmitredl
that rice will grow in water, it has been
as clearly proved that it thtrives but poor
lonea surface too near on a level with it,
(and helsea arises the necessity ot' drain
~i e next in consideration, is the quality
of the anil, which for brbvitv. wye wil con.
amyer tu connectionsvishkthe preparration--.
the-manner of plantig avid the -9aanl.ay
of seed, &C.
Rice, like riost per.ennial 'pl nts ofiour
climate, delights in a: rith freh.sij,'ITla
of .an al.luvia.l nest Is to. 4e, preferred,
though -the Inctuois whereoIt ex1hil's..a
pinklng of lning-glass, sho'uldii be re
jdeteil if the surfite Is sufficiently:reMiste
from water, or perpetual- udanmpness-.in
deed all loamy- surfaces are, peculiarly
adapted to the growth of rice, and.shotild
never be incunibered with a stalk of cot
The land should be. well 1urned or bro
ken by the plough, early -in- winter, anti
afler this -opett ion i's perfordied. It will be
necessary to-mash ani iseparate the cldls,
In -March tor early in April, in such a man.
ner as that the field will exhibit a light and
mellow appearance-the surface should
then he thrown up into broad or flat bedts;
I8 or 20 inches from centro to centre, then
chop- precisely as you would for cotton,
putting about l'0 or 12 grains of sice -to
each chop - or hole, then cover light but
This method differs in all respects from
that which is practise4 iiithe regnin of
tides. The practice there is li make
cointinuous trenches across the field 12-or
14 inches apart, along which I'wn or- more
hushels of seed are thrown to tihe acre.- I
These trenches in sone instances are not
even covered with earth, but the tides are
suiffe ed graduully to cover the field after
it is planted, and the water retained until
the rice is' up.
After this digression, we will return to
our favorite mode, in the detaill of which
we have reached a period that embraces
the system of culture, precisely in con.
formity with that practised in keeping
Olean of grass, a corn or cotton field
with this exception. that -the rice is nut to
be worked after it joints, which you will
find in ordinary cases, to take place in 90
days after it is planted. This is the most
important crisis in the whole prticess; and
it' a flowing is at any time essentially ne.
cessairy to a ield of rice, this is the june
ture at which it should be applied, that in
which it should be always used if you leave
the facilities of doing so-not being able
however, to afford water, we will lay by
the field with broad flat beds, clean of all
grasses, aid mellow. Then Wias it the pe
riod of renaping, tot which time I promise
you with this process, a heavy and lixur
iant harvest-say from fifty to more bush
els per acre, on fresh river lands-plant in
April, but ntut after lay for a [tull crop.
It may tot he improper here to rem.ark
liat experierce systematically proinited
by esperiments wi.l a desire to succeed,
can alme guide us unerringly in this enter
lrize. ''lh. ln-i markshfwever, by which
we rnmy launch out, and ftearlessly navigate
oir adventurons hark, are these-that in
the culture of rice, all extiemnes should he
ciatrefully avoided; nimd thit the distance cof
the chops part, their' diepth, aii thequani.
taY eif seed, should he jiuiiciseoasly adaipted
to tIhe peculiar qualities of the land. li as
clay soil for instauce, or any other, what
the strength and richness combinioed, are
nt suflicient to enable the plaiit to throw
oeut numerous tillers or suckcrs; it wouuld
be doubtless inre al vanl tngeous to increase
tLhe itumber of cho1ps, a111nd lpt an addition
al quantity of sieed, si that the nimerous
pa ipmrtiois of head cars ell rice, nay mnea. 11
surably comlienisatc for the difference in
the nutmher of tillers.
Blut in a rich alluvial soil where the ex
treme fertility capacitates the plant, to
hrow out tillers in proportion to the care'
and cultivation bestuwed upon it, it will 2
geanrally be found advantageons to in
crease tihe dis tnce, tind prspnrtionablyv to
lessen time quantity of seed, so as to allowr
then planit to tiller as muitch as possible, for
it is a mliatter of notoriety, ilhat the hiead~
ears iare always considerably shourter tihan
Thssubject, which we deem merits
some attenatmin, is resnpecilfully sutbtmitteud to
the coinsidera tigon of the cotton lan tter, tac
comopanuied wihm a desir~e to inmpress umpont
him time imoariance that tmighat tihimatel y
r(eult from expaerimecnts in the preames
here adhluce~d. Trhien, let not his repiug- .
nanice to test a newv prioject, nor his abiding
attmnchmetnt to the old sta pe avail haim now
-the crisis is imnportatt-the call impalera
tive-anid the tendeincy 'sfp'apulatioin immrea
thni aist anty ither former time, it is to in
crease beyontd thme imeans of subaistence.
T'his is piaricularly trite, as oif Eumropae,
whonse piopulation, neither thme swvord, anor
pestilence, no)r famine can keep tinder,
while emigration from the o1(1 to thme new
countries, floats in upon ns lilke wyaves frum
A wvriter has v ery justly remarkedl, A mer
icn is destined to be time granniry of the
L~et these inducements then, wvhiich au
percede ilaif of novelty, propel him ion to
actiona; let him make the experiment. If
it succeeds, it will heo subjected to future
trials-and the contagiona wilh thins extenid
itself-when, ere lonig, the o14 system atnd
time new practice will be slowvly, the one
absaidoned, and the other hap pily initro
dluced. AMPH [BlOUS'
ITobacco.-A letter from the interior of
Marvland to the [nalimneQ Sun statestha
manfplangers;in.:that section, oWlt 14
ohpiirge qantity. of toba cco in -inrket
and;the, low pric0s, will ab6nrn, fur
lin least, iti cultiv~tl n, ile other
will grietly redsCe their cr'ops, and turi
their. attention tO the production -6f brad
stuffs and-improving their fa'rms, '
From the iN . dPiciyuns e
THE CUT DIRECT,
A tall, raw Jhoned countryman boundel
ike an Indliatrubber ball into the Recor.
ler's office- yesterday morning, with his
iead done tip in a bloied-stained towel,
'rom hich flowed a sanguinary stream,
-rImaIsning his face and broad, expensive
lhirt collar. About his neck was-a large
,ale cloth or sheet tucked under his shirt
xilar, -fiaing in the wind, and thlialso
Vas spotted wilh- blood. FollowlnY him
o rapi. succession were three negroes,
he foremeost df whom was in. his hirt
leeves and bare'headed, had evliitly
een asailed n his adve'nt by the adventi.
lntis circumstances of the countryman's
innd closely and firmly clutched his era
rat and shirt collar, andsvith a determined
murpose that would have maea him black
I lhe face If Natture herself hail not been
wfaorehaod in the field.
"Is there low in this office, Juige or
int there? Is blood to be spilt and the
'fender go dlar or not?" inquired the
ountryman, and as he did so he gesticul.
ed by jerking the prisoner backward. and
,This is a court of justice, sir," replied
he Recorder, omiving the Bible a- littie on
lie desk befeore him.
*''hen sit down, you infernal sepundrell"
Xclaimed the courtrymnun, as he settled
he prisoner on 'a bench with~ greater
uickness than gentleness. "Judge," 'lie
tontinued,- "I nint a boss-stealer, and it's
ard to wyear the brand; I never stole ntiod
n' more than, apples, and that's a ling time
go, and the idee of havin' folks pintin'
heir fingers at me when I walk along the
11041s, and inquire what hosses Is worth,
in't as pleasant as it might be-theri'd be
fight right away."
" Bit why should you suppose anybody
vould accufse you. o iMch a crinie" in
juired the Recorder iffamazement.
"Why, because that cuss there has gin
ne cite mark, and if there's low in lite pa
isih I want hit puiished, and if therie
int he'd better have been- boirn a black
nake at once than came witdin -twenty
even roils of me]" and he elevated his fisi
is a rage.
"What has he doneN asked the Record
r-''hns he struck you?"
"I shouldn't think lie had." replied the
omplainant wisi a sarlanic grin-"if he
aid lie wouldn't her been here; but he's
tnie a worse thing-he's maimed me. This
ere's what he's doie to me-may the ever.
astin' and continual blaze of the devil's
itchen fire briHe every atomi of grease ou
f his confounded black-walnut hiide!"
With the expression of this de-moiiac
tish the complainant proiceeded to unfiold
t- blonedy tLewel that hound his gory Ihcks.
nil diselosed a mass of coagulated blood
nd Isair clippings, covering his left ear.
"Loeok here, sit!" lie exclaimed-'and
le strong inan weit i) the bitterness of
"You have seen stabbed, sir!" said the
tecorder. "Officer, take that black fellow
"Noi. sir," said he of the iueful counten.
nee, slinking his head sorrowfully and ga.
iig abstracetedly at a reporter.
"Oh never shake yeiur goiry locks at me!
heet canist neat say I did iit" exclaime-d a
eplorter with a wialkinig-stick like a shrit.
lie d ad frost-biuti sugar cante.
"No, sir: I i'oin't, I don'i,'' said the coun
rymnaan-"nu bodey struck me; but Ill tell
4)n just how it hamppenied, aind he'll findl
feire I get thmreught that he's ketchted the
rong pigby the eni-. My har'd gut .rathi.
r long, aind when I seed a sireakedl pail
tick in' suit afore a door, I thought I'd go
ni and have about11 a jund and a half teook
fT. Well, this ere varminit~ told me hte'd
uit iit;mand I sot dlown. Thie lust thinig lhe
id was to tie me ump into this sheet, sri
ghtt that I cotuldn't breathe uca'cely, I tohld
im to ruat it eahort behintd and if he'd a
ha vedl it he couhdi't have took it off nigh.
r to the skull; buit I didni't mind thai
cause I knowved it waitibl graw again.
3y'n.biy lee cumn to trimmina' it rotundi the
arsa, anal every ntow andl then I'd feel the
harp nts of his scissaors jaobbedl into me
It miade a o'ild chili runt all thiro' me, anid
,eeld thme feller to be keerful or hie'd hey m~
eye aiut; but lie knmowed he'd got me tight,
imia kaept on. My liar aint none of the
silkiaest, 'causaae it inn acubtoimed to ne
)artic'lar trainiin' and do~n't grease often,
tinu it was cuitnsderable labor to brush i
)tu, 13y'un-hy lie gct. to cumin' the scien,
ifies chant to mny left ear, andl fust he'd gir
I snip, and( theni he'dl raitle the scissaors am
if hae was a-Lryin' to cut away the air In
stenad of har.-This sort of science madea
me shiver jest a' if I haad the chills and fe
ter oin me, and I kept a-winkin' fair feal
he'ud poke the points intto my eye. I taoh
him to let me be, that my hair wvas cut fus
rate, anal I wvas afeeredl I'ah ketch colad if
hued too much taken ofr at.a ime. but he.or
'V grined Geod him,'dn-k a
"an' aalaj~:Iely beo ib 'i ligt
alsts h~entre.P> my'p
-les jTI thouight I wgsek l4ir-~
ag '-Ind the bbsmdimotbgj.nx
tydlwa n an je r
e~er.by the thraagasnmade a rdd ;
-h1eP. seed-opepaib de other
niggers all-gotlaholt.-. .isa snd: htastien
m ott of the shp iEj hollaredfr hell.
and I-holietred for adu itt, MrIqevdb.fylai
my holt on.rnm, and ane gpIlegnani:io
me I'd better bring lim 0h re-tand'here
heis, and here' rmy ear?"
So ay ing.he tsiok/,fsin his -vest : oekwi"
| piece of his ear bihut a qiarter of ardn if
broad and-an itichin length, and; depositje
the inanimate piece of gristle ulfrn thA Re
corder'sdesk. , uladhe.piroduced a juenilut
grizzly bear from:his pocket- it- could not
have excited-a afore'liy ia lasity 'or ded
mire to beshold -than -did the producationuf
this smull portionsof the' hunm foirm di
vine." - a
-Thie 'uintidatae barber prote'sted tbst
the circumstance wiess acental as Al.
fortunate, but thb unihapy man .whq haid
been -cutrtailedlof'this fair 'proyio-tlon'in.
slated thati It was a sheer-case of litentaion
al barbir-i:y, and tha t the per petator.soli
feel keenly -the retributive.bloer of tihe
sawerd of Justice, whielh cin shave asblos'e.
ly as one of his own razors. The Recr.
dler, evidently considering the affair a-seri.
ous on'e, committed.the barber for examina
tion. The victim pocketedis ear with a
melancholy-. satisfactinoi, andi. indiianily
expressed it as his private opinion that the
barbers of New Orleans cut It a little too
fat for the American people.
FR O M R E X1 C 0.
HEADQUARTRRs ARMY oF OcCUpaTotg,
I SALT]LLO. Feb. 25, 1847.
k-SIn: I have respectfully -to- report- thai
the ' in Mexican force is yet atAgua Nu'
va ur troops hold the ls'aitions wlfich
thehave-to well defended, aid are pre.
pared to receive the enemy, should he-ven
Our owe) force engaged-att all points. in
this action fell somewhatshort of 5,400
men, while that of the enemy, from he
statement of Genj Ranta Anna, may b iesti
mated at 20,000. Qgsuccess against such
great odds is a sufficetrit encomium on the
g'aod conduct of our-troops. vna more de
tailed official repoart 'I shalflave the sa is
factisn of bringing to the notice of the gos.
erniment- the con'spicuoifs galliantry of par
ticular offleers and corps.--- I-may besper
mitted here, however, to acknow lssj1 my
great obligations to Brig. Gen. Wol th
second in comynand;tao whom I feel -pir.
ticularly indebted for his valuableserrices
on thi occasion.
From the statements ofMexican omicers,
particularly of the - medical staff left to
succor. the wounded, there seems no doubt
that their loss in the recent action is "god:
erately estirated at 1,500, and may rears
2.000 men, killed and wounded; besides
2,000 or 3,000deserters Many offices uit
rank were' lost. I enclose a-lisI' of hce
names of our own killed and wounded,
nade as complete as 'practicable at. this
time. One Regiment (Kentucky cavalry)
is not included, its return not being tell
The enemy had fully reckoned -upon our
total rout, and had'made arrangements to
intercept our retreat, and cut off the-army.
stationing for that purpose, corps of cava
lry, not only immediately in our rear, but
even bulow Monterey.
Am arrangement has been made with
Gen. Santa Anna for ant exchange of prissin
ers, by which we shall receive all, or near
ly al.l, of thse captured from us at diffir
ent hates, besides the few taken in thae mc
tion of the 23d. Our wounded, us well as
those of the Mexicans which have fallen
into nur hand., have been removed to this
lace, anad tire renderedl comfortable.
Our loss in the rec-ent actions, so far as
ascertanlaedt, amnounts to 1846 killed, -451:
wounded, anal 26 missing. One company
o*f the Kentucky cavalry is n:ot icluded is.
thaisstatement, its casualty not being yet
reported. I respectfully enclose a list of
the commissioned officers killed and woun=
tedl, embracing manty nones of the-high
I am, sir very respectfully, -your obedi.
-. Z.- TAYLOR,
Major General U. 8. A. comd'g.
The Adjutant General of the army,
W~ashington, D. C.
[Editorial Correspondence of the Picayne.]
CAMP NEAR VERA (.RUZ,
MAnCu -13, 1847, A FT ER NOON.
There was some slight skirmishing yes
terday afternoon and last evening, and be.
-fore dlay light this morning a general alarm
in camp as the Mexicans opened their sdiff.
erent batteries and commnenced tharowing
Ishells from the castle; yet it all amounted
IDuring the night a reinforce'ment of80(
idexieans passesl intoi the city, taking th:
beach north of General T wigg's command,
I which hand not at that time fully comiplete~
t the invest ment. Theilr safe arrival within
Ithe w alls was announced by lonad shiunt., tha
rin~ing of bells, andl other rejoings. It
:d .~ J u v
-on b at n t a
Wij it ti -ore
thux iithe: tiot ai:hvz bee - < -
rehethe e o Atofi
a n fcnd ytI I 'at
Onth -v ofe t e k t
Caolimn elmh h d-uhIth
careershI ti~, Rogr6.ua pie
Cue eary tldroag'ons irriaed at. -
CruA the it inst l dffe gi "en
bast WAY n 0dia onLiz d They -
regehed the sacneom opqrg te iin' ghdir
Icfotn.e'a . - -
-jrO i the 4Wfcuse 2 he i
aroland cgimelt hait a i elema Jdyi
.rm200 lanters and d'eforeatdItr
t ein gret to learihe r ti 'pttof the'
capture o Meyidshwima Rgers.Was proe
mature. Heoais illghtfortunately a pris
ad . o . RVmd log itVh fiai
odd ~etit.'l. T*WOr enhlsbiiee faVid
sucedf 1 udnthe:mujn'j ai blokhafeffaOO d
by the -wind, and'in'doubtliss ken I -f
asid aind, comfo'rgtota the ei*6y% ilr
Igfr mathe ncasliand aldd fron of ote
OnrX*iabfor M61inaV Mireh 10, 194.
dit rep otkf Iay-oaaI 1hujs
segt and - conversed wi itha-gentleman-dere
reet,-.from Mobnterbiy~his -informadion -1A.
think elbe re liede onlHe'stite hnt
cans.aylo bansT ertaeeshemeuce si
battle to Monterey, sithh:pertion ofnanA
airy ind. our pieces of ight arllery asn-d 4
left - Monterey withfabruto16m roap- tim
look up General Urrei io Isa 4Lul, id4
of the: wunitano a nd emad wo havi
troopsl-cavalry idinn'try. GenSTny- -
or marched in tha decibredn. of nte
Morale , a - hon ab y120 milere rsene of
this,--nd, report a- iabatil 'ed
eight Gen. t M nd'hisu little r ban&oWer
within twelve or:lreenmilesofdtheiri. -
cans. gIf Geln:T. overtakesthem -pes
ein -fo.:hishs H~ :. hipped .'~anta
Anna. on the othr side ofthei :jonntain
and now. he- has pe toi clear out all-this4
A lettefwas reteived in Monte:-ej from
Cummed al house in San ui.: tha e
conveisedwith a gntlemano Who' ia*tied
readtid 1,.etter,-and ita tates that-Geiln4 4.an
ta Anna._&-as in San Luis: that Aristaiknd
Paredes anent -had deelbred wenei gn
iaAnaa claimeid Bere'sera-presideont.
Ir three.be true s the poet beautifully exf
,Presses it," Mexico 1s een UsIOn Wersecond
'fomded. It will -require a soldier With Cl
bett pgun barrel. to c . r he -is
Pinee writing. theiabo ofth Frertthat
Gen. Taylor is or was alt -Cett "vo 4s, par
tiallyo eVerrmedo A letter-. faseceve at
Ca11margo, from Mieri annoningj that Gen;
Tn., wth a Cpordiothof hid - Me lhartillery,
dragoons and Kentucky caalryo, were atd
Cerrxiveo# nd that vrreahad suddenlyo Lft
that -portin -ofithe country
L ATEST FROM VER k CR"?.
theivaleaf hhe Missisippi haing Comm4
Perry-Pnordonbe Opeh nh of nt i
iloff Vfrom VCrua-Crbnd~n Cofui
istaIn the yAfMericancmpo.t em
dTh e ueOrstgo n thepamp thldoad -
he nonarque MontehumaeCaloport Thap
hearrvey hay fiening, whrom Anto i-k
mias bromthe aeiane whorning ofThe -
Captai nionino s that Wrh.e saw.
Perry wnthohiscommand wthnt 70ou yr -
msof h romty HeralCso bnf dn. t-t h
CteeaoG waprsson, ashrat the ith
mit tatdi the rn rian ap. elI. ttsee
md tio fro tnderstle i thae cam tha~I~tte.
upontto wdpn ndhe atta'eksn VeaCu
ay t won nteporthed als breport tha
thror inu to atrhe itan'120n;e sl e .
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ti-materom th Ameica woka . hec
Amo snte ,ints Kelndaf eite byO
tapt ,I. eonsthat Gom froth issta
eral itprtesso qaes tha the t'. tga
Scory' wIin, na, axpous4 w t rrner
btn tharm. naitnshdresv(it
motin frm th easle hail the aidsti