Newspaper Page Text
posed t6 &~1 m U
stroit of I 1 o wr*AN
Thi Ue, I pMassachntte, Ca
Wood, ar Is$ latt evening fr(n
Crus, wheofceshesailedeon th*eenln
he ltinst h siga in b
over 155 sick sa d-fadd ~o rst net
charge of Dr. Tudoirbeslides thi foI
paiengers:MrWJoorh HrrodDr T.dor,
-. 13. A., Piser Bryan, of the nay, and
Mr. 'Isworth'and two servants.
The folloIng deaths o~curred son the
Mass'achusets-C. Gaines, of the Mourin led
Rifles, and John Draw*, ofcompany I tth
Infagiry, died on bntrd bbfore the Mas
sachusetts left Vera Vruz, and were sent on
shore for Interment on the lilth June. On
the 12th .une, John Pboe, of the Monted
Rifles, and John Smith, of Company C471h
Infanlry, died at sea. On the 3tliti J; F.
Carson, SouhiCarolina Volunteeis, died.
On theJ4th,-4bS8uny,; SouthCalina
Volunteers. and, H1.:Heck, -2d Dragoons.
On the 16h, L. Grover, Compiny go
The vomito is represented as on - the iTi
crease at Vera Cruz. We regret extreme.
ly to say that Paymaster Bosworth, who
sailed from hero only on the 18th' ult.,
sickened and died in Vera Cruz of the o
maio. His rentains were brought back on
the MAssachusetts in charge of his brother.
Quite, the most important intelligence
- brought by this arrival relates to an attack
upo1 a largo train by theMexican guerril.
lar, which has been partially successful.
By the Fanny we learned that a train was
ti Itave Vera Cruz on the morning of the
bilt inst. for Poeia, under command of
Lienw. Col. M'Intosh. The train had in
charge $2245,000 in specie, of which sunm
one hundred thoisand belonged to the
Paymaster's Department, the remainder to
the Quartermaster's. One hundred and
twenty-fire wagons and six hundred pack
mules were in the train, which was escor
ted by 8O0 troops.
The train left Vera Cruz on the night of
the 4th inst., and on Sunday the 6th, when
it had advanced about 25 mides, it was at
tacked by a large party ofguerrillas. The
place was well Selected for the purpose by
the Mexicans, being represented as a defile
broad enough for a single wagon only, 1,
is said, too, that sligit works had been
thrown up by the Mexicans to obst uct our
advance. The attack was made upon each
extremity of the train and upun the centre
4t the same time. the principal point how
ever bring the wagons which were suppo,
and to contain the specie.
Private accounts represent that the attack
was so far successful that forty of our wa
gons were destroyed-though not those
containing 0e specie-t wo hundre-a'wiles
'T uni "non killed. The A nrican
Eagle of the 9th says our los; is variously
estimated at from four to twenty, but pri
vate accounts, from responsible sources,
give the lass as we have done, at thirty
men. The check was so severe thai Col.
Mcintosh determined not to haaord an ad
v'ance without reinforcements. Our troops
accordhngly entrenched themselve., behtitnd
their wagons, anid des.patches wvere sent of
to Gen. Cad wa.luder at Vera Cruz. The
general left on Monday evening, the 7th
instant, with a fo.-ce of about five hundred
men and four howitzers. Private accounts
say further that on the 10th a part of the
voltigeurs also left, with four howitzers, to
- -* join the train.
Thre Eagle represents that our troops re
ceived the attack with the utmost cool,
nesa, and1 that the enemy, being repnised,
fell back Lowards the Purnst, Nacional,
which some suippose they' may attempt to
defend No later news from the train) had
been recai red the morming of the 11ith, the
day the Mlassachusetts left. On the 10tha a
large mail was dlewatched to is port on
the propeller Washing ton, which may be
hourly expected. Hler letters may bring us
No laiter tnews had been received from
tihe army ofGen. Scott. The reason is ob
vious; for the present I
ie..nin has bee1 entirely cut-of. 'We do
not regard thtii as at all alarmi;ng. for Gen.
t adwalader wvill no dloubt open a passage
to Jalapa a t onIce; but it indica tea niecessi
ty for some cavalry. force upon the line to
cl-ar a way the brigands which infest it, and
who must have mustered ini greater force
than hadl been anticipnted to attack a train
guarded by 800 troops.
Buot the audar-ity of these guerrillas does
not stop here. They are entering Vera
Ctaz anid steahng our horses. For several
"'ha 'dero~s had been crea tedh in the city
by these preda tory attempts. Private let
ters ssay that 5xty-horses were stolen from
one pen in the. immnediate iiiyo h
towns tA regeto Texas Rangers, it
sees t us, wuldfind ample scope for
employments in the vicinity of Vera Cruz.
aThe ste" ers Palmetto and Ed~th arrived
at Vra/ ruzon the Sth inst. Tho schr
Gen./orthbad also arrived with. one
"' mpany of voltigners. On the Paltmetto
a lady is said to have arri vedl from New-Or.
leans in search of a runaway slave. Har
pursuits is represcentedl as successful.
We a wait anxio~usly our letters by the
[ Correspondence of the Commercial Timen.j
YERA OR Uz, June 6th, 1847.
Gentlemen--The city is on the qui vive
this evenatg with an alarm that Santa An
na is approaching us at the head of nya
thousand mon, arid that be will reach her'
before da3ylight. The rumor originated, I
b'a4Ist*~c of ils, who d.~a
i i5 hIghfIeldom wthIn amiler '#I
he city walls, adite some or
t hoes It is noqastil 'proq b hi
any of the robberi will bb -aug i, axsb
this time they are, mgnl b in OtIta
b's.rThe Vera Cruano a -d
gratOitlea by the editor of the Spanis
pe hiero, upon the e1aillhniesof&e
guerilla bands otw thsro io eitcoas It
had the effect to drive all fe robbers away,
and render the passage sai6 f.r travellers!
He says: "these robbers,- who .were:princi
pally compoded OfAlen oralizidmen oifihi
nations, have giien i#tyto authokized com
panies; who, ith . patriotic .object, face
the greatest dangjer In order to make the
Amerleia feel the spirit of vengeance
which animates. them f."
A great rohiny.regard the remedy as worse
than the disease.' Padre Jarauta's band is
a.greaterutrs. t the circles in whichit
gOves thInVyibaind of robbers -has-b*ee
Wherbver be gos' ho draws support for
himself and his fellow-marauders frot the
ranchos 6ifut him. Every man's house is
his housei'and woe falls on the poor grum
bier in a summary form.
As Ire-lunds no guards on the road, he
daily grows bolder. and small parties of his
commandmalte descents upon the villages
withio a few miles of. this city. It is not
impossible, indeed, that the alarm this even.
ing arose from some neighboring Indians
who may have seon one of these maraud
ing parties-but nobody will believe an In.
I dian in this part of the world. If one of
them sees ten men he will make a thou
sand of them, berare he gets into the city.
The weather is growing less intoh-rn ble,
but not more wholesome. Every night
gives us a rain, and the mornings are pe
culiarly delightful. For two days I have
not heard of a case of vomito, but those
acquainted with the climate say its worst
season is neerly upon us, and that the rains
are fruitful of disease. Many are leaving
for the United States, and for the interior,
from fear of the vemito, and some run too
late. What comparative results will be
exhibited by a trial of the American sys
tem, is a matter of some interest, and the
conjectures are favorable, as every man
'ftiels cleanliness to be nmout condu'cAive, if
hot essential to health.
Nothing whatever new from the interior
People here, of all countrics, including
as well Mexican thinkers, as Americans,
hope that Herrera will receive a m'jority
of the suffrages of the electors at the ap
proaching election. I think he will. and
his choice will be a tacit, but ala unnistako
able expression of the Natitonal will, in ia
pee tl rst wvih iestiictione.: biit am
sure means w.11 be found to remove them
before he wil have occupied the chair a
Upon examidning the subject carefully, I
am induced to form the opinion thaiSanta
Anna dues not, at this time, desire a re-el
ection. IIe has not the moral courage to
carry through the only :rica:'ures which will
save his country fruom further disgrace, and
be is very willing to) see another man im
maolate himself on the altar of isi diay--he
at the same time placing himself in a posi
tin to take advantage of all the unpopular.
ity accruing to the victim, He wvill return
to his seat within six months after the con
summation of a treaty of peace. I am nei
thcr a prophet nor a gambler, but I would
he willing to back my predictions with a
hat or two.
Itf Herrera were a man of' greater ener
gy, and of more decision of character, I
shoul look forward tot:,e event with more
hope; but as it is, he can do muich good,
and I believe, will not shrink from his du.
ty. As the prospect of his succession is
so fair, it may not be uninteresting to give
to your readers a short sketch of his pub.
lie life, Hie is now about fifty-five years
of age, hauving been ha la February,
i13,a..TIJd At sixteen he entered the
service of the crown, in which lhe held a
comnmission for aome yeairs; but retired be
fore the revolution for indhependeen-e tom
Imenced in earnest. in 18321 he raised a
regiment or two in Jalapa, and served with
credit. but nothing more, during Lhe war,
paessineg throaugh all the grades oCf Colonel.
graduated Brigadier, brevet Brigadier, and
Brigadier General, up to that of Major
General. 1He also, for a long' time, hseid
the important ofie of Presiden& of the
(poermanent) C:,t Martial. In 1842 he
was elected a member of Congress, and
after its dissoluation, become a memaber,
and subsequently Presidoant of the Council
of State. It was mainldy to his prudence,
good judgment, anid high chiaracier, that
was to be attributed thec success of the re
vol ution which drove Santa Anna from the
country, in 1844, As Prelabat of the
Council, he was for some time,'in effect,
Chief Magistrate of the Nation, an offee
Iwhich ihe was regularly called upon to fill
in Au gust or September, 1845, by the votes
of the departmental assemblies. The piana
of San Luis Potosi, and the Pronunciamen.
to which followed it, tore him from thce
Presidential chair within three or four
months after his election, and raised Pa
redes to that station. Since that period
Hierrera has kept very quiet, but hae been
under surveillance for most of the time.
Santa Anna tredls him cordially, and Is
now. ,U'otless, willing to raise him as high
as possibi e, on the principle that actuates
teEgein soaring aloft with a turtle in
her clutches--the highe- the noint reached.
4tt ahas y o
Ina" I r.
tie a i eie-has been' It
to byb ieut. RIII f
w hs cons.
cadmal., be. n intant
by~ ~ W Liut R ~, o
iig the bridgiatou e wr; whih
it dw9 occ ed . i.. gurrIllas, as
we i e'be a around.
-J -Blakey, of the Noltlgqs, wiis
dett afdwith a sectiontif mougain how
itzera and -twenty men, an& sup$rrtedb- 'y
the lAfantry they were ordored td charge
the bridge, which they did in gallant style,
and carried it, but I regret to say-that of
Le . 1.'s detachmen ahc lost one man
ko od f6tur wounded,'Lieut. B being
i 1 among the latt6r, havingreceived
a .ket ball in the left leg. They also
lost Ave horses, but Icannot leari the loss
sussejoed by the infantry in thiiparticular
chie. The infanrtry immediately charg
ed 1bkheights, carrying them in fine style.
In, tho Meantime, Gen. Cadwalader, fearing
for4 safety of Capt. Blair and Captain
Gate oa companies of voltiguero, who were
on the way to the c6mmand in charge of a
tr-i k<containing forage and provisions to
supply-the place of those captured from
the'itin while under the command of Col.
Mcintosh, sent back Gaies's company of
dragrons, who fell in with a large party of
guerrillas who attacked them,.and whom
they nobiy charged, leaving ten dead Mexi
cans on the. field. 1 cannot' hear what
ntamber of our men were wonded at the
National Bridge of other detachmienls with
the exception of Lient. Rhodes, who was
wouhtded in the knee, who has returned to
this place. On the morning of the I ilth
the 4Avance had another.sharp encounter
aboqt three miles beyond the bridge, dri.
ving the guerrillas before them. Captain
Blalit's and Capt.. Bernard's companies,
havikIg turned over the u.tbplies, lift the
bridge n their returin. sa -tim.
,c~ dwalader4kVA&Id '4-t tm9
Gaadr h .. oceed on
his journey. and thofo~ 64 at on the
42th they heard the repnet of Ne-artne'in
the dt. tion of Cerro Gordo. and from 'all
appl. oces there is no doubt that this
corn nd had to fight every- foot of its
way iq Jalapa. The loseof the Mexicans
was tp less than forty, while ours. as far
as heerd from, Is one killed and eighteen
woiunded. If the Galveston does not leave
to-day I shall try and finct time to visit
camp four miles-distant. and'nisO gIve fur.
ti gae ive a n Otmr
ed fr p s .an from Jaliaailthoigh
vet feele,h's.given up the idea of going
hometaond is- goig to cnter again upon the
An'tyj Movements.-The 2dl Mississi ppi
regimgnt have moved forward from Mon-.
tereyin join) Gen. Wool, and the Virginia
and North Carolina troops are to leave as
soon'nsa the Massachusetts 'Peiment, who
left here o'tS;;day last, shall have taken
their .gl~e. . Gen. Cushaing left this place
for Gee. Taylor's headquarters on Friday
last. rortions of the 10th infantry under
.Llni.(ol. Fay, of the 3d dIragoons, under
Maj. Ca s,'and of the 13th infantry still
remnain ncamped in lur vicinity.
Arato rnete RAnLways.--TheO atmos
phearte arinciple of propulsion upon.! rail
ways, ij still a matter of controversy
in England. Upon the Croydon line'
ithas been tried and abandoned; 'while
on the South Deyon line, 'where we
believe it has been longest in opera.
tion, it ila still in favor. We learn from
the Le..idon Railway Times, that the
Devon ibte has been repeatedly w.ork,-d
from Extiter to Dawlhish,, in every possible
way, with heavy and with light weights,
and that all experimnents have been emi
nently successful. With light weights a
speed of 70 miles an'houir was obtained,
and with a weight of 00 to 100 tons, a
speed of,30 to 35 miles an hour. Further
extensins of the line, to Plymouth and to
TIotnes, are contemplated.
The Philadelphia U. .S. C~ueise of Sat
'-"GopTomn Thumb's Levees have given
a net pred~t of over 814,000 In 221-2 days,
which, counting 16 dollars in allver io the
pound, avoirdupois, make 58 times his own
wveigh t in silvert or counting 52 half eagler
to the pound, avordupois, makes nearly
four times his own weight in gold I
"During this time, he kissed between
25,000 and 30,000 lad ies."
A MIANTUf T Ton WItLt oM CAXTON.
It is proposed in London to erect by sub
scription y-monument to William Caxton,
the man w-ho initroduced the artof printing
in EuglagdI. The style of the monument
Is thus indieated: "A fountain -(of living
water) by day, out of which should arise a
tall pillar, Moleisk, or cluster of~athic pin.
nacles fru1 ght by night; the difiusion of
light beln the fit and Intelligible symbol
for the inthtion of printing."
A PoLtsDPuN.-One ofour exohang
es deserves credit for the following:
"Well, Chtarley," said a gentleman this
morning to his boot black, "Houw lo you
get along thes* hard times!" "IJ, ?ery
wte\L, muan we rus and sn."
'V WJpEiAV E~
'the ew bultldhi-ea to...,asf r
gkiny buinge conmetd wifkt~ fcwl be
attended to at the flee off -di. BUCA3no ?q
n the rear.of the Court Hoe-'
Us ~seling in - arlt ti3--4 cns
W MA A RMI
the Witrnington ad neei oad
was held at. Marlir Court oid onir23rd
inlst, The onig
Governor Duetisv, fO aingtl.od es5t
ed President; Col JonriMopacs
Ratt. B. Mutow, of tis Ii iu Pt, wfre
made Directdrs, &cI
We ondersandhat atiempts have been
been made to poisonsevral wellb in h
The citizns M of C VICgmenoT, Saam and
:shhi public geg~eyi'y,.are respecifully lavi
ted to attend aoelitra tion of the app bseh
ing.AnnIverahrol.fe Anrcan iid'd.
ence at Lodibkr, o ,aiurday rd J~
HsaRY 3, Assoyo n
Jhims W. Rlxew ,
NzcuoLus P iw*e
Comn. of lravitation,
We learn that the piolls for the 'Iele
graphic-line have been put up betweer
Raleigh and FaettevilEiin N. C., d
will be erected as far as Cheraw by the
4th of July,
Mr.P o d ccmpani by a few of ica
thes Nortfier- Stile. It is ~ ieratood
that he will tin1t wnest of iihe Na ern
cities and~ Manufacturing towns,
A writer from Washington says our Gov
ernment has determinedoestablish a form
ol a government de facto in Mexido, and
make a treaty of beace- tvih jt, and guar
uniy its security, &c.
DEATH OF ANOTHIER ME~MBER OF TilE
We see the death of.DAvID SCURaY
publicly announced.~ He was a member
or Capt. SUMTER'S Company of Volun
teers; and, at the time he left hero for
Mexico, was perhaps the most healthy antd
vigorous man in the company.
It l reported that poe Mexicn Con
gress have accepted aputa Anna's teeIgne
ion, ande that Gen. A t.o*ts has been
sentenced to be shot fo having held a
treasonable correspondence with one of
our generals. Perote ls to be our main
depot instead of Jalaps; and Tuspan, It Is
said, wvill be substituted as .a depot for
Vera-Cru. The Clergy are very naimic
to Santa Anna, and favor Hierrera's pre.
tensions to the'preienay.
The Cambric, which'recently srdved at
fostuon from lrope, heesfrpgby nthill
tgeeof ri6 IThe cotton inarket and
a decline in the rriot breadtui. - .
O'Con~Er. and Dr. CaL~amas are dead.
A writer in the Temperance Advocate,
recommends that District Fairs be institu
ted, for the purpose of raising stock for
the Columbia and Greenville Rail Road.
WVe think the project an excellent one.
Many persons, who have no money toin
vcest, have property, that may be useless to
them, which they would like very well to
convert into Rail Road Stock.
A comnmunicahion fron Col. BUTtER It to
Goy. JoMwsoN, shewing the casuslitils te
which the South Carolina Volunteer. have
been exposed, sines their enteringgthe siw
vice; together wvith a report, as to the dh1.
poaition of the money appropratd for th
equipment or the Regimenit, has beer
published by authority.
M 6VL5Oi, ft Iia
Is 1ne geh ~i. h meIs a~
Wr': 4LRTf: M
lo tId bti~ h
the afo t-mn
hre a atr a~ti:a
0." 1b~ ; eria"
'AR Ro T.B",
Dhrle ' uC~3~~ benetc
Profe j~1n he fl imnd Mia Cced. '>~
TasIches f b are
a retI rnost sha efully
ppr~~ tah pea wi prbavery
S. o "tle
siclyM~.ne whte odigio th -
t'bi' anis ord pegin now
D .0-Nue-rhas been elected
Profe tffii-hmond Medical Col
Tprtdha Hays' Regiment of t
TexasF 1 e-rs wer refused by General
abm Nw Oricanssy,.ti
bewe 'U tycn -ban Ver C rpton e
dated"47 "as exhumed, -a shartzeq,
slnce, mn the foun ~aions of-ii b rl
Chc e irt Itiene
TheWh ongp uun
arrival t~ 'c C Oiuphe
iA mangco as.htai etiatf
ccrned In a bhs} .~ ?A r
person, that h w. ek aha'bothigof te no.
torlous QanaiesU ie deaeh WInh en
blanched o .
A very iitllegun from MeXsco
says that a large eot nkeb pi~e pf
thtcountry ara in a itgef the not ab:
jetservitoderpets ~j~ndin; theirai
aitution prohibit.sl any. 13y fh ?d21
ca ae (rpfetna hit$ debt:
and &satte purck4 has iet pto)
over- Il properya a hesale, an44et
ly c6mpelled ~oprold hi aviw~
a ligk of grain pr wekighmk~
hin bondage forkrby
clothes and otlir a :UP
unusual for zeieanso it~ eIh
pale of tiirlierie
A ver i
occurred at~t L oui, O