Newspaper Page Text
,- t, -;,.
-~~~4 I MIDw~r:
*PI;DL ELE ILI,
~JFR AN (BS
Twco Dollars, idvan% d
Fifty-cents atiM ex irat It or
Three.M'l - a ' -A
are pa fe rietor.
OTA td at.75 Ite .
aquare,,14, e or doieth d
halImf a~; e~a~u qupit insertion,
nietto b markie'd
,on all -t'oisine't thye i *Ie ublish
ed until ordercia to bediscontinued, and
chwargea accildinglyp - -
STOne Dlla a sing jn.
4sertion. y.uan hyAdvertise
rments 'vill bothrged thi.shm .as a single
insertion,.arisebintraithly the-sante as new
AlL Oiituy Notices exceeding six line*
-and Omin q cationsrecommendmng Candi.
'dates fqg nia9l o'jilees. or trust-or puffing
Ekhibition, Mill b'e harged as Advertise.
IUAll letters by mail inust be paid to in.
sure punctual attendance.
Mr.nnd- rs. nassejls Board
IIg Sehool at
COLUMBIA, S. C.
This school will ;be re-opend in'the large
en'I commodilis building, opposite the Episco
pal Church,. bnti6&second MAidsfiin No.
TR 3fS PER QUARTER.
Boardh including all items, - a50 O
Instruction in 6Wling and Reading, 8 0(
The above with Writing and Arith
metic, . . . . . 10 O
The* above with Grammar, Geogra
phy and Ilistory, . . . 12 0(
The above wiith.11igher Branches, 15 0(
French, German, anld Latin, each 15 0C
Piano and.Guitar, each . . . e.' 15 (K
Harp, . . . . . . . 20 O
Use of .iano and Guitar, each, . . 2 00
Jse of the Iarp, . . . . 5 0(
Drawing and Painting, . . 12 0(
Competent teachers in each of the above
stulies are engaged.
Madame FEUGAS from Chiarieston will give
n course of dancing lessons at our hbuse diu.
ring November and December--ternis $12
Mrs. HASSELL giVeS every day a Singing
lesson freo.of charge.
The young ladies' rooms will be supplied
J'arlour boarders can he- admitted.
Payment in advance from the time of ad.
mittance, butnone for less than onequairter
The Hon. Chancellor IlARPER, the lon
P. B:TLEn, Dr. LAnOnDE of the S.- C. Col.
lege and Mrs..M. C. IzAun in Columbia, haW.
ing sent their daughters to Mrs. IlAssrLI. du.
ring the last 'two years, have been kin
enough to allow their names as references.
Sept. 22, 1847. 47 tf
EW FALL GOODS AT THE
M. DRUCKER & CO
Are now receiving from the North, a very
large and splendid assortment of Sensonahk
Goo6ds, contisting in part of, Cloths, Cassi.
mNeres, Sattinets .Vestings, Linens, Secarfs.
Cravatsaad Stocks--plam, figured and strip.
ed Alpaccas, and other desirable Goods fo
Ladies' Dresses; Also, a splendid variety o
Calicoes aid Chintzes, and the very best ani
cheaist assortment of Bleached and B3rowr
Muslins in the Town.
The above Goods have been selected witl
the greatest care, expressly for the CrInee
Market, and having heen purchased on th<
most advantageous terms [for cnsh,) will ly
sold at a very small advance on the Northern
A lso-A Large Siock of
ardware, Groceries, Bagging Rope
Twind, Boots and Shoes.
NEW FALL AND WIMTER U00QDS
The undetsigned has received and nov
open his FA LL 5TO,01 suitable for the
season, consisting Of
.Cashmneres, DeLaines, Gala Plaids, Cali.
coes; Cloths, Cassimneres, Tweeds, Satinetts
Flannels, Ilhmnkets, Linseys, 'Negro-cloths
Ready.-made Coats, Vents, lDress-shirts, Un.
der-s Irts, D~rawers; Blenched and Birowr
sheetings" and shirtings, Fashionable Hate
rend Caps, together wvith an assortment o:
HI ardware, Iron, Steel, Cut, and wvro't. Nails
Crockery, Saddlery and Groceries; whlic1
will be sold for tiqsh at thme lowrest marke't pri.
ces. A call from purchasers is solicited.
A. M. <KmNNEDY.
Camden, Oct. 13, 1847. ~50 (Ot
An xcellent and wvel finished PIANO ir
perfect order. _Also, a first rate SULJKEI
AND HARNE~SS of Reynold's make, ver)
-little used. -The terms will be liberal an;
accommodating. :Apply to
A. J. MOSES.
SUM T E RVI L LE, S. C.
. jice 2 doors North of the Court Hlomse.
Rteceived by wagon from
- Fresh Lemons, Citron, Currant, and Candies
French aMAmerican Rock do., Brizil Nuts
Filberts and Almonde. Fruits received al
S4pt. 20. DICKSON of L A TTA.
.A Ate article for lining Cisterns,
Floring IHaseme-nts, &c, &c., just re.
-ceived and for sale by~
A. J. MOSES.
May 5, 1847..
In a Lawyer's Office at Sum'cm'ville,
Toith'viso writes a good hand, rind has some
kntieldge of cyphering. Apply at this of
41.." Al goo crgmen .et
-6) 'any 6 UL9
taking into conderaion everas a mad
wvithout ikit'e rupting the -steady incaso
f the rest of the property.
2. The Overseer ,will niot bib'excpec~tl
to work in the field, butlfe mualways
be w0 ith the iands, ierih-i no adrwise
engaged in the em ployIs buslikssg ands
will be required to attend oa occasions to
any pecuniary transacti connected
with the plantatio 'n '
3. lhe overseer must eabsent
a single thg'it,. or an entie 'y without
permission previously obtained. When
ever absent at phurch or elsewhere, he
imust- b on the plantation byii".down
4. isH must 'attend evry riight in
morning,'and at iNon at the stable',.aiid
see that the mules a horses are wateid?
cleaned, naltediniti fed' imnd the door-s
looked at night. Ijn knust scnd all keys
to the mansioiihouise.
5 Theoverseer must visit every ne
gro house, at day light in the morning,
and se that they are all out. One a
week or more he ikst visit their houses
afterhorn blown at night, to, see that all
are in. The horn must be blown in win
ter at 8, in summer at , o'cocC, afiei'
which no'negro imust be's.ien out of his
house. - . .. -
0. The overseer ,must see that all plan.
tation utensis are; taken care of and put
in their place, and not left out. Fences
and bars kept up, and doors aiid gates
kept shut, and all- things mended and
kept in repair; ;wagons and c.arsgrea
sd ; cattle'must be gotten up every eve
mng, also hogs and sh eep, and in the win
ter fe'd once a day unless very 'cold wvea
ther, then twice a day. They must be
sulted, at least oncea week.
7. The overseer will be expected riot
to degrade himself hy - charkmg any ne
gro with carrying news to the employer.
There must be.no news to carry. The
Semployer will n'6t encourage tale bearing,
but wiih question every negro; Irdiscrini
nately whenever he thinks proper,.about
all natters connected with the plantation,
aid require them to tell the truth.ANhep
lie learns any thing derogatory:.to the
overseer, he will immediately commnnuni
cate it to himi.
8. The overseer must, when necessa
ry, ride only such horse or mule as may
be directed froni timec to time ; and as hie
is to devote his, .hole time and attention
r to the planfltatiori,.lie expected to see but
little company, and to stier no persons
-o be about bnus or stables without per
9. lIe will be expected to obey stria'.
ly all instructions of"the emnployer,tmid
lie must, without being asked, give infor
mation to his employer about any and
every thing going on, that may coacern
or interest his employer
10. Tile negfmos mu... t)e made to
. obey and to wcrk, which may be done by
an overseer who attends xegularly to his
.business, with very 'liitle use of a~ ship.
.Much whipping indicates a had testfered
or an inattentive mannmger, -and~ will not
-be allowed. Repsof, advise, mndda kind
and fatherly tre'atmnent will efl'ect much.
The overseer must never' on ariy occa
sion, unless in self dhefence, kick a negro,
or strike thenm with his hand or a stick, or
jthe but end of' his wvhip ; no unusual
punishment must be resorted to, without
P the employer's consent. Hie must never
give a negro a ticket, nor send one dir
the plantation without hsepoe' r
12. Th~e sick negroes must be re por
ted every morning or oilener, treatedl
with great tenderness andl seen well afler.
'The children must be taken great eng~e
.f sucking and pregnant women must
Ibe mndulged as much as circumstances
will allow, and never worked as much as
others. The sucklers allowed time to at
tendl to their influnts, and if possible,
worked as near their houses as can b~e.
No lifling or phoughing must be done by
13. T1he use of ardent spirits in over
seer, and negroes is absolutely forbidden
on the plantation, unless when prescribed
by a physician; no cursing or profane
language must be used. Should thme over
- .eer get drunk, or drink more spirits than
is employer ap proves of, lie must expect
to be instantly dtschiarged.
14. Thlie negroes must not be allowved
to have dancing, feasting, and preaching
andpraersamongst but themselves. On
Sundays they may assemble -together.;
-and thley are not to bo allowed to be at
anly wvithout the emplcyer's permission.
15. T1he n-'gr'oes areo to be kept out of
the rain as much as po)ssible, and to see
that they take care of themselves whsen
exposed or' wet.
10. A flet' a storm the fencing around
the fields Abould ho examined and ptu
Ih' dow~n. andl trek remioel P mj
fied -ml roi s epl r' vce b
otice i. _writ
and tlis h ,poy0rihay dischargem
at anyjA -by paying -for his servie up
telhtw 'od,int the rates.agreed upon for,
Sinust be, all in
a 0.,b t~ay annto c16
Out their Ihu arU yanl-and t ood,
0nd are not to be allow to wor on
.days. They*niht lnfind teri'A*Z
in the Wveec. Tieir:l1owariice innat be
gived to thmi: on Monday Morning.
A EE~t|ENT BETWEEN PL N
rER AND OVERSEf1ti.
South Carglina, Sti1ter District i.
Arti6les of agrcement between "on
CORNSTALk, planter, dnd JA.'rES COnoN
SVsg.overser. rhe said JCORNTTALK,
dye , osaid J. ConrossTAc .as
orse or the terin of ine year -from
yo '- A. -D.j84 and
,4o pay him at hoirato of Dollars
for is sorvices for the, said year if they
poitnue thgether st4lohig; also tolfind the
aidd TP it a house - live in,
and ?id wood'ccasionally liauled for
m n;' also to furnish him with the follow
*1g articles to wit (here-endmerate the
articles.) Thle said J. COTTDONSTALr
agreeto serve the said J. ConNsTAtK, for
the said terms a above nefitioned, anid ti
do and perform all the dities of an over
seer for him, and to obey all writtcn and
vcrbal orders, and to observe the rules and
lregdations of his 'Plantadion, and to be of
good moral conduct, sober and induistri
ois, and to treat the said J. CORNSTALK
respectfully. And it is also agreed by the
-said parties, that should either of them
become. dissatisfied with the atlir.ttiat
the one dissatisfiedfon giving a month's
written noice may quit, and the satild-J.
COnNSTA-LK is only to pay, Up to the time of
In witness whereof we have herounto
our hands, this 4nyof
A.,D. 1847-and also to a uplicate here
of a JNO. CORNSTAL(,
Wtness, JACOB PEA?.
CULTIVATION OF THE OIL FOR
The impirtance of good transplantiin
has already been noticed; yet very fel
practice it a; it shouldr be done.
There is.anbther dpartment in the care
of fruit trees, still more impornt; per
khaps not so much so in itself as.> from its
alinostsuniversal neglect, aid the conse
quent disastrous results. This is thorouglj
cultivation of the soil. For, of many by -
dreds of trees which the writer has gedi,
transplanted by various cultivators, more
hanc bCendast from NE:0LECTED AFTER-CUL
TUR F., thaf from other causes 1jut -togcher.
Plersoniwho purcipase young trees treat
thein variously as follows:'
1. Some kill them at once by drving
them in the sun or wind, or frec'zing
them in the cold.
2. Others kill. t)il"m by crowding tihe
roots into bminl holes ini hurd ground,
where they cnn never flourish, and rarely
3. Others set them out' well, out thit is
all. Thiidone, they consider th whole
work as finished. Trho trees are sutfered
to become choked with grass, weeds, or
crops of grain-some live and linger, oth
ers (lie under the hardship, or clse are
broken off b~y cattle, or broken down' y
the team which cultivates the ground."
An intelligent friend puirchansed fifty
very fine peach trees, handsomelv rootedl,
and of vigorous growth; they w'ore well
set out in a field containiing a fine emp of
heavy clover and timothy. T1he follow
ing summier wvas very dry; a huguriant
growt'h of meadow grass nearly obscured
them from sight. W~hat was the conse
quece? ilfost of them nedessamrily per
Another pers5on bought sixty, of worse
quality in growth; lip set them out well,
aanmd kept them wyell cultivated with pota
toes. le lost but one' tree; and continu
ing to cultivate them with lowv hiced erops,
they now promlise to affomrd loads of rich
peatdhes, before the (lead stubs of hi's neigh.
bor, jlust- mentioned, huve disappeared
f rom his groummns.
Another neighibor a yeai 'ago boumght
fifty goodI trees. Passing his hiousme late
in summer, lie said to me, "I thought a
crgp of wheat one of the best for 'young
peotch trees?" Just the. reverse; it is one
of the worst-al) sown crops arc injurious,
all low hoed ones beneficial. "-"We)ll,'
answered lie, "I havolfound it so-my fif
ty trees all lived it is true,.but I have lost
one year of their growth b' my iwant of
knowledge." llia trees wer6 exaniined;
they wvere in an excellent soil, and had
b~ieen well set out. All thme rowvs but one
hiad stood ini a field of whiegt; that onleewas
hoed with a cemp of potatoes. Thme result
was striking. Of the trees that stood
among the wheat, some had madhe shoots
the same year, ani inch long, sonme two
inches long, some four,- and a very fewv,
five or six inches. While on the' other
hand, on nearly every one that grewv with
the potatoes, new shoots a foot and a hamlf
could be foindl, andI on some the growtb
had been two feet, two and a halfe i nde
ee teeok 4ol o
. n.ropor ion. t-Q
ten stav int thid Va
and r 0 U U
fnu an ldteih j t
tiitrg rthle S9 ak we
tivation would whollyingo elr-c
.Lccs are'freq 6ntfy mutiat icultl
ntig the ground'with a team pobbvinge
a di culty, arran' the en
they w rk near the 1 ePt 6,1
bfibthe other ad tandoi.1 J6yrill
W' forward one, use ltisg t es,. an'
-hort whipple-tree, ain'dlace thstholo in
the charge of a careful'inan whekndva
that one tree is wort"nr&&an Nily I li"
of corn or potatoes,.an .bi'd anggn eed
Wh6n-it becomes neCe for vcs'
to standinsss inoo e at
dwellings, a cirelo of jl f g
eqeh trce, must be- kj mello yi e
spade. The worksho d beAhlov near
the tree to prevdnt ianju .% the roots, nnde
graduallydeepen as it recedes. This
operation*Ihen re ytveral times 4u.
ring summe, has- ncw n'wn to increase
throwith C five fod. But a not less im
portant result is'the exclusion of mice, fyr
vjhich this is by far the most efriectual
methord, If the uprfae is raisedniftb or tn
incheijronElp e~ tree justibefore wirier.
Theirads 6 longer affortls these animals
atiiiidmg. place; and -the mbanikment
round-the sten prevents the llection of
deep show.--I pr "scom.letely ffc-o
A moniP ; crops which are best suitCV
to young tracsiaro.potatoes, ruts bAgds
beets, carrots, bens, and all low lioeei
crops. Corn, though ihoed cro '.Is of'
too tall a growth, shading .oung t " to
much by its foihnidable s4ks. - Allsown
crops are to be avoided, and g rjs sijill
wor e. Meadows are' ruinous. nnlai-.
quathtance Who purchased aihundiec
peach trees, and placedthem in meado
land, lostotiost ofthek-by the oie rgit
of the griss; and ihefollowing ~winterthe
ince, whqavoid clean culture, dcst Myed
the remainder. Every one ivais -ldt. A
clean, mellow cultivated piece ofground,
kept so bW frow yeark might have saved thle
whole of thed, and brought them-sobn in
to bearing.-- omas Frpi.Cultu."'
M* aEuir tfohftts.
HOW FRANK FA RRE4 BURIED
ANOTHER MANYW IFE.
An incideni, serious iiritslf,-thdtigh it
the samne gne laughably ludicrouslately
occurred in New Orleans. Tlere lived
in Baronne street. and inded theor lives
there still, spoor but industrious couple
Frank Farrell and his wife Mariy. If
Frank were to die, hii excessive wealth,
at least, would not -Podlude tig possibili
ty of his admittance into thoglfice reserv.
ed for tbt elect. Frank is poor, but he
has a wife whom he loves-one who loves
him; a home whereontennent is a per.
mnanent lodger, sand habit5 6F industry,
whliQJgedures haldth and titordl hirmthe
means to suply his wvants, whieh are but
few. ie follows ihe buainesexof dyeing"
-renovating old garmecnts ;,orln other
Wvords, like a particular moralist, imaproy
!ng thq habits of the current generntiog
in fact, he diyes to live. Though a mnn
~of known veracity, he,give's a coloring to
alnmost every' thing ho touches; *and al
though of strictly abstemious habits, ho is
frequently seen blue.
Not long since,. % toolk the yellgpy
fevd&, and Frank beingstrongrly advised
to scnd her to onorpftlio pay-wards of
the Charity Ihospital; wherm she would
have tlhobst advice and mdlical atteihd'
ance, did sio. For t wo daye, on catch of
wvhfch he ceallcd to sealher several tirb
her'case continued to'bo a dlarfgeroup one
and Frank remainied is a state of the mnsti
excing sns~pense, lest her' w~hom lie
dearly i e should paout of existen ' ,
Onithe i1hit of the sechnd dIay, the physi-,
cian thught- o saW synflomfqfamprove.
m'ent, as i f~the crisis of the cuih'it been
past ; find thisy was an announbemnent
wvhich Frarik hailed with all the gratifleae
tion inspired by sineere aflhption. Ho
went home to his humble reside~tce, and
that night had pleasurable and brights
dreams about 'Mary, happy days andl abe
Early in the morning a message earne
to him that Mary was dead ; tisat she dio4
at one o'clock in the morning ;jthpt her
corpse was imdhe dead-hlouse, audi-hat ir
it was not taken away before the doeor's
camne they woul disseet if T'~his ~sad
news froze for,a moment life's current ini
Frank's heart, but the lie of hbbody,
,instead of being burried where hie-could.
make periodical~ gilgrhnegns to ;it, and
plant flowers arouha it, being su~bjected tu
the scalpel of' the unfeeling surgeon,
again set It mn rapid motiou4 Ho hurried
out to the undertaker's, pr~cured a hearse
and coffin, went directly to the dead-hiouse,
whore lie found the cornsa of' a frmaa
hv tt.ro s
. te hetr
doh m~~to1 r~m 'idV -. -
trIculd 3/b r
MWho pryu .J .iW~fY . .
'Wylt lasts -A
Ut[don tihik i' ~~t~
e appeariut i. r t -
If uiyetljif ' My ur
agd I1l get asmany~~ae o'Ir
"Orank, agto, sitidMry yi re
~osim yohi- sinses. JI4rather you dget
Uu o por
*ones at all? B gr a o
spirit that camebh , t -
so'--he feels her xt
yre not a spert,-but riough,
b l i . B.s a till en
dle" [Lightsitid'is sYad ofher -
identity.] g. 4ell11,how iin tb~gtrdiid
,you get out of the grayeMag 6 6 p is i
ypnitell ire that' for-Lfastndyou'dn
*ell'foifear ordhen iltidvig -sac
4'Wh 3yow ra-yznin'
have ju ekft i the a e L
The'entrancon of t vme PeI4
-her pigcce-ling~ on~ oI Ipn ante. C
lyiquirid-- . -
"TA your: ariellt 4'.
wirter. a sobe T.as.. t6
what's yotkr bua~s w e.pt". 4,
'I want to knd~, if te m vat
you did with mi wIfh. IEyouv
kir t iaeri
'Your-wife3said u -
'ha. "tay' ' n
Hosppitall d ta foTiaocYo , ow
,She wasn' ty -b y 41ee',A
'Iegor, thin, I buried h dy
you,' said Frank. n4 it w n t you
Mar #hIre enoudisk adde -
'.ll deed, theni, it wiasn't,' sla aryf.~
-'A ou're cm ghost 'said Fral
'Well, Thed 1I-id nog -Ini k azetl -
or dayent woman
you cause y told -fwithwor f,
dead'4~ .'thsie as Mrs. FarlLi.r
horan was dl the o rng dg -
*Oureaders by tijitinio know the or.
gci of this budget- usundert The
was to Mrs.* Farriells adniittedns.yo
feve~r piatidnt indthe hiBedt
buriedond gf them beli
own Mary. 4It proved th
of a mornings ' g- k
A k sdu --e
writ'tzr'n and trlatelI fromn ts
Germ' anid Fat ' sn :A you,
as it Were,a sea) r eero
attac "t-the'leure i
a du bu, ha iudbl
gae otr .n os b ~ adTrfl
at thetimet tla ai g a
u eA. at iivory cora p re
en oha:b foralveduided
eat.f* lip-. -a e1 V.
jate.h af o tim i- io
isl w ~ithrs
gaithered at ti 1o time9-t e qid e -p
exchange of question -ad w'ersdJvo
Church as1 built in
thie Washigtn n ir, uc
of'hchiaptone-cuttor was~ e6red't
oAuf if1101ving as ai
Iouse shall be caljedli' thhe od p1
He* Was refbr~ed, afd aery1t
verse ofscriptureoin ryhidbh idj,
occur: buginfortunutelyj he &~*il
to the se gdelf the otbo #)e
vers:- My ais h) 11~ thes
-Onola; fl 6 o, a-s
an old goblor iying-to eat the strT
aid' o h 9s' i