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7 * $ 4 '~~7N:
~ - OW,
-7& .4 4 ,*'
WIgLiAMJ3 FRKANC IS.
.wDofIar in ndvanco To n r
Fifty-cents a the expiratidii o'six m ths, or
Three D r theqna 9lthea'rM
No pap. dlocont-p ed ital a rarrearages
are pard, Oiless at the on-of dle Prjbrietor
LT'Advertidhienfts insptted at752.ts. per
square, 14 lipes or lep') fbr the first ind
half tht sunsfbr eacy jubaeqient insertion.
ajlneinumiber or insertions to be marked
on all Advotisements fithey will be publish
ed until ordered to be -dseQntinued, and
[10ne Ddllar per sqtare for a single in
sortion. Quarterly. and MonthlyAdvertian
ments -vill be-chargdd thi same as a single.
insertion,.ind semni.nienthly the same as now
All Obituary Not'ices exceeding six lines,
and Oemnmunicati ns recommendng Candi
'dates foi- piblil to -or trust-or puffing
Rihibitions, 'Will be charged as Advertise
ILTAll letters by mail must be paid to in
sure punctual attendance.
MV1 r. and' Irs. aunssel's Board
iIIg School at
COLUMBIA, S. C.
This school will be re-opend in'the large
'n-I commodius building, opposite the Episco
pal Church, on the second Mond*i .in No-:
TE 1 ' PER QUARTER.
Boarb including all items, * $50 00
Instruction in 8plling and Readin'g, 8 00
The above with Writing and Arith
metic, . . . . . 10 00
The above with Grammar, Gcogra
phy and History, . . . 12 00
The above with-1Higher Branches, 15 0)
Fiench, German, and Latin, each 15 00
Piano and Guitar, each . . . 15 00
Harp, . . . . . . 20 00
Use of Piano and Gnitar, each, . . 2 00
I ise of the I karp, . . . . 5 00
lDrawing and Painting, . . 1200
Competent teachers in each of the above
studies are engaged.
Madame FEUGAS from Charleston will give
a course of dancing lessons at our house du
ring November and December--terns $12.
Mrs. HIASSELL gives every day a Singing
lesson free of charge.
The young ladies' rooms will be s:pp!ied
Parlour boarders can be admitted.
Payment in advance from the time of ad.
mittance, but none for less than one quarter.
The lion. Chancellor IlAnPERT, the lon.
'. BVTLER,'Dr: LAnonnE of tIhe S. C. Col
lege and Mrs. M. C. IZARn in Ch,!cmibmia, hmw
ing sent their daughters to Mrs. IJissr.. dul
ring the last 'two years, have been kind
enough to allow their names as references.
Sept. 22, 1847. 47 tf
A EW FALL GOODS AT TIlE
M. DRUCKEIR & CO
Are now receiving fron the North, a very
large and splendid assortment of Sensonahle
Goods, contisting in pnrt of, Cloths, Cassi
icres, Sattinets .Vestinu, Linens, Secarfs,
Crayataand Stocks-plan, figured and strip
ed Alpaccas, and c "-r desirable Goods for
Ladies' Dresses; A. , a splendid variety of
Calicoes andi Chintzes, and the very best 'nd
cheaip'st assortment of Bleached and Brown
Muslins in the Town.
Tile above Goods have been seccted with
the greatest care, expressly for the Crrmden
Market, and having been purchased on the
mnost advantageous terms [for cash,] will be
sold at a very small advance on the NortIherp
A lso-A Large Stock of
Halvare, Groceries, Bagging Rope,
Twind,_Boots and Shoes.
NEW FALL A ND WJMTE SUliDS.
rThe undersigned has received and now
open his F"ALL STO'CK,~ suitable for the
seaison, consisting of
Cashmreres, DeLaines, Gala Plaids, Cali
coes; Cloths, Cassimneres, Tw~veds Satinetts;
Flannels, lani keis, ILinseys, 'Negro-cloths;
Ready-miade Coats, Vests, h)rcss-shcirts, Un
der-shtirts, D~rawers; Blenached and Brown
sheetangs and shirtings, Fashionable I [ats
r'nd Caps, together with an assortment of
IHardware, Iron, Steel, Cut, and wro't. Nails;
Crockery, Saddlery and Groceries; wvhicly
will be sold for (Jqsh at thre lowrest market pri
ces. A call from purchasers is solicited.
A. M. KENNEDY.
Camden, Oct. 13, 1847. 50 (It
An excellent and well finished PIANO in
perfect order. Also, a first rate SULJKEY
AND -HARNESS of Reynold's amake, very
little used. The terms will be liberal and
accommodating. Apply to
______________A. 3. MOSES.
SUMTER'VILLE, S. C.
Ofice 2 doors North of the' Court II'ouse.
Received by wa.gon from,
- Fresh Lemons, Citron, Currant, and Candies
French a'd-American Rock do., Brizil Nuts
Filberts and Almonds. Frutits received al
Sept. 29. DICKSON & LA TTA.
R~osendale H~ydraunlic O'e
.A fine article for linaing Cisterns,
Flo-ring Basementas, &c. &c., jusmt re.
ceiv'ed and foir saler by
A. J. MOSES.
May 5, 1847.
In a Lawyer's Office at Smmerrille, a
Youth, ivho writes a good hand, and has sonie
*knowvledge of ryphering. Apply at this of
Oct... 18 lJ17. 50 3
ih thermay suit UL willia
Rid f ormation~twed .
You, rpctfuily, A. -B
RULES FOR THE PLANTA1ION
41. A good crop means one thWif good
takixng into consideration every thm -
negroes, land, mnules;.- hores,;8todCk; C
ces, ditches, . farinin tiie all'I
which must be kept'ar tfi ved'iIv
lue. Ti 'effort thei~ must notz
rmerel9to make a given-' br of bale
of cotton,4 ut ass much 'as cagbe mad
without inte'rupting the steady increas
of the rest of the property.
2. The Overseer will not be'expecS
to work in the field, but he mustalway
be with the hands, then not othcrwis<
engaged in the employer's busiss ;and
will be required to attend ogp occasions ti
any pecuniary transactions , connectei
with the plantation.
3. 'tihe overseer must nc eri absenl
a single nilit, or an entire 'day withou
permission previously obtained. When
ever absent, at church or elsewhere, h<
must be on the plantation byAun.dowi
4. He must -attcnd every ni-rht an
morning, and at noon at tle stalle,'an.
see that the mules ag horses are waterel
cleaned, salted and fed' ind the dor
locked at night.I H must send all key
to the mansion house.
5. The overseer must visit every ne
gro house, at day light in the morning
and see that they are all out, OnceL
week or more he must visit their house
after horn blovn at night, to see that a]
are in. The horn must be blowi in wiiI
ter at 8, in summer at 9. o'clock, ane
which no'negro must be sien out of bi
6. The overseer must see that all plan
tation utensi!s are taken care of anl pu
in their place, and not left out. Fence
and bars kept up, and doors arid gate
kept shut, and all things mended an
kept in repair; wagons and car.sgrea
sed ; cattle'must be otten lip every eve
ning, also hogs ind steep, and in the win
ter fed once a (lay unless very cold wen
ther, then twice a day. They must b
salted, at least oncoga week. -
7. The overseer will be expected ric
to degrade himself by chariting any ne
gro with carrying news to the employer
There must be no news to carry. Thi
employer will not encourage tale bearing
but wiil question every negro; iridiscrini
nitely whenever lie thinks proper, abou
all iatters connected with the plantation
a-id require them to tell the truth. .Whei
he learis any thing derogatory.' to tl
overseer, lie will immediately commnuni
cate it to him.
8. The overseer must, when neeossn
ry, ride only such horse or mule as inn
lbe directed fron time to time ; and as I
is to devote his-yhole time and attentioi
to the plantfition, he expected to see bu
little company, and to sutr'er no person
-o be about barnis or stables without per
9. Ile will be expected to obey strici
ly all instructions of'the employer, an
lie must, without being asked, give infor
mnation to his employer about any an1
every thing going on, that may coacori
or interest his employer.
10. The negtoes must be made to
Iobey and to wcrk, which may he dlone br
an overseecr who attends regularly to hi
business, with very slitteueoawh
Much wvhipping indIcatese of bad hinpr
andl fatherly treatment will eihect much
T'he overseer must never on any ocea
sian, unless in self de fence, kick a negre
or strike them with his hand or a stickg.o
the but endu of his whip ; no unusua
punishment must be resorted to, withou:
the employ er's consent. lHe must nove
give a iiegro a ticket, nor send one of
the pilanitation wvithiout his employer's or
12. 'Thle sick negroes must be repor
ederymorning or oftener, trente
wihgettenderness arnd seen well aller
T1he children must be taken great car
of ; sucking and pregnant womnen mi
be indulged as much as circumstance
wdil allowv, and never wvorked as munch ai
others. 'Thie sucklers allowedl time to ait
tendl to their infaints, and if piossible
workedl as near their houses as can tic
No lifingpr ploughing must be dune bi
13. Theli use of ardent spirits inover
seer, and negroes is absolutely forbiddei
on the plautation, unlless wvhen prescribe,
liy a1 physicin; no cursing or profain
language must be used. Should the over
reecr get drunk, or drink more spirits thm
his emnployer ai proves of, lie must expec
to bo imstantly dtschI arged.
14. 'The negroes must not he allowre
to have diancing, feasting, and preachin
a nd prayers amongst but themselves. Oi
and they are not to be allowed to be a
any withbout the employer's permission
15. Thme negroes arie to be kept aout a
lie ra in as much as possible, aiid to set
that they take care of themselves whem
exposed or wvet.
1(1. A fiev a storm the feiicing aroumi
the fields should lie examnined and put ni
If dorwn. am trce~ remnovedl.
w ev; thx . ogr becotci dissatis
fied heipn quit is pIbr'gs4vice b
gi hm ~ notice iti ivritiug
an I 52th -Iploy r-ihay discharge
at any.time by paying <for his servi etup
to that p-od at the rates agreed upon for
.1) I- C$groe musbe- allo a
r ptrt of every aturday afternon to clean
out their house and yanriMand got wood,
'ind are not to be allowodto wor -on Skn
3 days. Theynbst plant and te acr,o*'
) in the weejc. Their allowance muist be
S gived to them on Monday Morning.
I AG EEMENT BETWEEN PLAN
TE R AND OVERSEER.
South Carplina, Suoter District.
Articles of agreement between *JoHN
CoRNsTA LK, planter, alnd J Apr.s Co-roN
STAL.0e1rsecr. The said J,CORNTTALK,
Sagrees toemiiploy said J. CoTToNsTAuLxis
Sar vorseer for the term of one year from
theq, . ay:of A. D..848, and'
to paty him iat thanrato of Dollars
for his services for tie, said yearjf they
continue together sq. long; also toffind the
said J.. oSroTA LK It house to. live in,
and have wood -occasionally liiuled for
im; also to furnish him with the follow
fig articles to wit (here endmerate the
articles.) The said J. COTTONSTLx
agrees to serve the said J. CORNSTAtK, for
the said terms ms above mentioned, and tg
do and perform abl the duties of an over
:eer for him, and to obey all written and
verbal orders, and to observe the rules and
-regulations of his 'plantation, and to be of
good moral conduet, sober and industri
ois, ai to treat the said J. CORNSTALK
respectfully. And it is also agreed by the
said parties, that should either of them
becomec. dissatisfied. with the otherithat
t the one dissattisfied~ton giving a month's
written notice iny quit, and the said-.
CoRNs-rA-Lx is only to payup tothe time of
In witness whereof we have hereunto
set our hands, this day of
A.,D. 1847-and also to a duplicate here
of - JNO. CORNSTALK,
Wincis, JACOB PEAS.
- CULTIVATION OF THE SOIL FOR
The imprtance of good transplanting
has already been noticed; yet very feW
practice it as it should. be done.
t There is anbtlerdepartmrnt in the care
of fruit trees, still more important; per
iaps lint so much so in itself as - from its
alnost,universal neglect, nd -the conse.
quent disastrous results. This is thorough
cultivation of the soil. For, of nnny hyiirt
dreds of trees which the writer has Seen
transplanted by various cultivators, more
hate bccnlos ffonza NUGLEcTED AFTER-CUL
TURFE, that from other causes Furtogether.
I'ersons who purchase young trees treat
thdm variously as follows:~t
I. Some kill then at once by drying
them in tile sun or wind, or freczin
them inl the cold.
2. Others kill them by crowding the
roots into siail holes in hard ground,
where they can never flourish, al(d rarely
3. Others set them out well, but that is
all. Thiidone, they consider the whole
work as finishjed. The t recs are sutlered
Sto become choked with grass, weeds, or
crops of grain-some live and linger, oth
ers die undler the hardship, or d se are
broken ffby attleo rkenl down'b
the teamil which cultivates the ground.'
An intelligent friend purchased fifty
vt-ry time penchl trees, hiandsoamelv rootedl,
ande oft vingorous groiwthl; they w'ere well
setoutin fildcontaining a fine crop of
teayclover andl timothy. T1he follow.
rig summer was very dry; a luguriant
.grolwth of meadow grass nearly obscured
them from sight. Whlat was the conse
-quence? Most of thenm necessarily per
Another p~erson bought sixty, of worse
quality in growth; Ihe set them out w~ell,
atnd kept them well cultivated with potat
Stbbs. lie lost but one tree; and c'ntinu
igto cultivate theam with~ lows hded( crops,
they nowv pronmise to affbord loads of rich
s penthes, before the dleadh stubs of his neighi.
bor, lust- mentioned, have disappeared
from his grounds.
A nother neighbor a yea'r ago bought
fifty good trees. Passing his house late
in summer, he said to me, "I thought a
crop of wheat one of the beat for )'oung
peafchi trees?" Just the reverse; it is one
of the worst-all sown crops a rc injurious,
-all low hoed ones beneficial."--"Well,"
answvered lie, "I havo found it so-my fif
ty trees all lived it is true, but I hlave lost
one year of their growth by my want of
knowledge." His trees were exanliined;
Ithey were in an excellent soil, and hiad
s been well set out. All the rows but oneC
had11( stood ill a field of whleat; that one wvas
.hoed with a crop of potatoes. The result
was striking. Of the trees that stood
amlong the whieat, some hail made shoots
fthe same year, ant inch long, some t wo
inches long, some four, and a v'ery fewv,
five or six inches. While on the other
hand, on nearly every one that grew~ with
the plotatoes, new shoots a foot and a hallf
tcould lhe found, and on sonme the growth
0 hntd been two feet, two nue n nli a e;lla
de dep fi
prdgme ha e have
o~~ ~ ifesti sao6 (
tcn stan in thil g 'c
nndfr orcj .in
a nd: tfr qar eUs
nu a w pothoin ift- A.fre
qtIenly pronouncedgrogueofor' this dis
tribettmg i d orthless kinids, when gobel
ti on would whollyghange their char.
T1-ccs are freqdbntly mutilateaah culti.'
vating the ground with a teamto abyiate
'this diiculty, arrn' 1 the hio then
they w'rk near the th o tr4 ond
f' the nther ad tandum, 16 66y rid,
*b forward one, use lotig trades, an'"X
s!;ort whipple-tree, an'd.lace th thoIe in
th o charge of a careful man whnkn.tsA
that one tree is wort i re than fiy fulls
of corn or potatoes,. anIo" dangegneed
When it becomes necesgy for- trees
to stand ii gi'assj in some instspees near
dwellings, a cirxc of syerclfae. l
etch tree, must be. kepImellow hyte
spade. The work'should beshallow near
the tree to prev6nt injury tithe roots, and
graduallygdeepen as it recedes. This
operation When re Natd several times 4u-.
ring summer, ha' nkiovn to increase
tho.rowth five fold. But a not less im
portant result is the exclusion of mice, fpr
which this is by far' the most elrectual
method, if the surfage is raised niiib or ten
inches'roiin4 tic tree jtstabefore wiriter.
The grass fTo longer aflords these animals
anyhiding place; and:the embankment
rourid the stem prevents the" ollection of
deei snow.-It priga.completely eflfoe
A mongthe crops which are best suitc
to young treesMre..potatoes, ruta bagds,
beets, carrots, beans, and all low hoid
crops. Corn, though a hoed cropis of*
too tall a growth, sh adingyoung t&ektoo
much by its foirmidable salks. - All sown
crops are to be avoided, and grass. is sUll
worse. Meadows are ruinous. An. ac-,
quaitance who purchased a bhundred -
peach trees, and placed-them in mcaOw.
land, lostnost oftheih by the overgroik
of the grass; and thifollowing 'winter the
mice, w1h avoid clean cultures dcstroyed
the remaimider. Every one Was lost. A
clean, mellow cultivated piece ofground,
Iept sowa few yeair, might have saved the
whole of them, and brought thein'sobn in
to bearing.-- omas Fruit-Culturist
I1OW FRANK FARRELL BURIED
ANOTHER MANS WIFE.
An ineident, serious irnitself, though it
the same time laughably ludicrous, lately
occurred im New Orleans. Tliere lived
in Baronne street. and hnded therg lives
there still, a poor but industrious couple-.
Frank Farrell and his wife Mary. If
Frank werd to die, his exceSive Wealth,
at least, would not prbcludo tI e possibili
tv of his admittance into theplince reserv
ed for the elect. Frank is poor, but ho
has a wife whom he loves-oe who loves
him ; a home wheroeoontenfment is a per
manent lodger, and habits of industry,
whI'icgseatires halth~ and aflord himi the
means to :-'ply his wvants, whieh are but
few. Hie aullows; ihe business of dnyeing"
-renovating ol garments; or 'in other
Iwords, like a particular moralist, inmprov
ing thQ habits of the current generation-;
in faet, lie dyes to live. Though a man
,o nowvn veracity, he.gives at coloring to
almost every' thling ho touches ; and al
though of at rictly abstemious ha bits, ho is
frequently seen blue.;
Not long since,. Miry took~ thd~ yellogw
feean 0( ran k being strongly advised
to send her to onaetof the pay-wards of'
the Charity Hospital, where she woeuld
have the host advice and mdtical attend-'
ace, did so. For tw'o days, on each 6f
which lhe called to see her several timog
her case continued to'be a dangerous one1.
and( Frank romntined in a state of the most'
excing snspense, lest her whom Ie so
dearly ldvedl should pas out of existeneb .
On-the night of the second dlay, thme physi
eiana th6ughtye satr syr~omns ofit qove
ment, as i f' the crisis of' the caine ha been
past ; .and this was an announoment
which Frank halied with all the grAtifica
tion mnspired by sincere afktglon. ~He
went home to his humnble residenace, and
that, night land pleasurable and bright.
dreams about Mary, happy dlays and a bt
Early in the morning a message came
to him that M ary was dead ; tlimt she diej
at one o'clock in the mornitig ; that her
corpse was in-the dlead-hiouse, and .that if
it was not taken away beforo the dlotors
camne they would disseet it.' TJhiR sad
news froze for a moment life's current in
Frank's heart, but the idekof hei'body,
mnstead of he-ing burried wvhere he could
make periodical piigrimages to. it, and
plant flowecrs arouts~ t, being stibjected tqe
the scal pel .of the unfeeling surgeon,
again set it in rapid motion. Ho hurried
out to the undertaker's, pr6cured a hearse
and colhin, wvent directly to the dlead-house,
#thero he fonnd the corpse nf n finmla
oo . 4
" the t sa a
If you aacomm -
-of the Fahsoyn Wt*
do mn fneitih4r m, o
Wheaid do you, ifrywrwnr algve b
as Mary a .. y elad 'u e n
alve, thi"oii trothbit aniit's
m ibe, foral fo0 ao ~aboti) ?
o u're not ali U i4 k
ould ybu be 'end Juni ywu
on siday'last. nknowethe love A 'I
wits Md-for y wl:e -i W
nt I don't think i' tr 'no di to
bo appearinto meio th0 o.1
If afthitig thrduble y6ur. sw &
niidfIl get as many aee.e& ag'll rd -
"0O Frank, agra," said'Mary, " y9~ 're
4osin your smnse. I'dprather you' gel -
o acupof lay .iowI to rouse me podr
'ake heart, than anythg else. You see
there's not an ouc OY peph o 'ne o
.I "Why,"says Frnik;'havyou an
iones at all? iBogr, I~thpught 'vr a
spirit that-c~am&to hauntL#me, .Let rnip
s -h'feels her liald--"l gioxty,
yo spet, but MAenough
I believe. Butistay till' I lih~ the can.
di0." [Lights it, and is, satisfiedbf her
identity.) " 'olidow in the' rd did
you get out of the grave :,ary? .- Win
you tell ire that.! for' I fastened you down
well) forefear of: them thlievii sack~ emn
ups." - * - - -
Wy yo e dy!m
Mary; .wasn't ins the gave at. all.'.
have judtAeft the 2Cheritable4~~
The ent rance o en . pre1rcb -1
her proceeding, one oA-p pass4tna
"Is your narmi rarrell?"' -
"Yeso idlFrani, " onis, summe pr'
wiidther. @May Igbe so..bowbi as t
what's your bus'ness witleme"
'I want to know, i aide m awhf .
you did with my wife, f you'veet
her tothe" foetors, or didany t1ing
kn, Ilrake ift aets to ouh,
' whatinife i' -i ,i- he
iWeiyty. my wifow said th dstrAi
'whos bodyyou toole-'from-the Cha Ity.
Hospital pah-day m~rning as P t91
9" And wvasT1at~ygur wifo ??said F rk.
'She wvasn'tgnwy bogl les
'.egor, thmn, I buried har dayciin t
you,' said Frank. 'gnd it wasn't you,
Mary slhure enougTli,-h. added- . -
' ladeed, then, it wasn't,' sald-i!ary. e
' An.d You're no ghost?'a sai Frank,
' Well, I'see it all now. -I-ristooknanoti
er dayeit woman; ;this gin man's wife
for'you, because they told fne yon wor
dead, and that shewas Mr. FarrelL'
'So Mhe was/naid thetrange u -
ly wife, nooris W
Ouk' readers by this time knowb the or4
gin of this budget of blundersi Thers
was two Mrs. Farrells admitted as yell
fever pad'iothe hos ultJ. Franke
buried one gfthem, beli g M as he.
own Mary. ;It proyed o eiS themistak
of a morning. ' - 0, ' -
A ki s is thus definel in'loveette',
writter in 16 9, and trYslatett from th e
Gerifian- -.hat is akiss? A kiss is, -
as it were, a seal pregzirjd75ur *cere
attachgpt-the, le of future uiip.
a dum' buth:e m audiblo lap.
guago of'a oving hest.int present
at the time,.t at it is glibr4 is taligl~
us thmpiar Ivory cora prea
9:--a crmson )~id~ fora~ove wvounded'
hAt-s ri fo j li-a e
ionatophiniof the mdth--a dacious -
dsh hid eaten.Yithoarlct
a sweetmat h des not as'
lmunger-4N~t wibc is pI td .a:id
gathered at t ge time-the quilgest
lovers- thd fourth deito oione3.
'Awk-ward AMistake.- $$ fu stone
Church was asey built in Missoni,1(says
the Wasd gton Uniur) upoN the facade- -
of WvhiohWautone-cutter was .gdered 't
,put the fo owing as an.insrijti-"Mr
hiouso shall be called the hotof prairi.
Hewas referred, fdt accuracy, t.the ~ ~~
verse of scriptuire in avhieh the opda,
occur: butan fortunately, he~ dl
verse:-- My house shtb~gl' the4
.house of prayol'r but yer hiidit don
Ono flay; atm aaeulo, a '*g sa'v4
an old gobler 6rying-te cat the strih oi2'
''hif,' said h'ef$s ,at Ilha
tenpt td iutroduce .cotq t6.ui -'