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WI '1M TKRANCIS.
' Ao Dollars in advancej 'Tod
Fifty-cents athe expiratiol ofsix ninpths, or.
Three Do4ar t the.qnd olthe .ea%4
No pap r dIcont'L*edutfl a 'airrearages
are paid, fitess atth option of fiePtoprietor.
rITAdvtiske"enfq inserted at 76 e tq. per
square,'(143lipes or less,) for the_ first hnd
half that. sun' for eaelpsubsequeint inserti9n.
M-"Vfi['enumbor of insertions to be marked
1n all'Advertisements orthey will be yublish-q
ed until ordered to be 'discontinued, and
(r-One )allar por sq6ate-for a single in
sertion. Quaterly and Monthly,.-Advertisr
Joents 'vill be charged the same .as a single
insertion, ind'semi-monthly tho:same as new
All Obituary Nolices exceedintr six lines,
and Oemmunicatignsrecommending Candi
-dates for public offies . or trust-or pulling
Exhibitions, 'will be charged as Advertise
IIT All letters by mail must be paid to in.
sure punctual attendance.
MY rand ?rs. Ilaiisel's Board
iSh '1chooI at
COLIJMBIA, S. C.
This school will be re-opend in the large
erl comimodius buildin!r, opposite the Episco
pal Church, on the seconid Mondai in No.
TERMS PER QUARTER.
Board, iricluding all item, - $50 00
lNstruction in a'pelling and Rteadit, 8 00
The above with Writing and Arith
netic, . . . . . 10 00
The above with Granmnar, Geogra
phy and Ilistory, . . 12 00
The above with-Highir Branches, 15 W0
Fiench, German, and Latin, each 15 00
Piano and Guitar, each . . . 15 0(10
Harp, . . . . . . Y.20 00
Use of Piano and Guitar, each, . 2 00
lUse of the liar, .... 5 (0
Iirawing and Painting, . . 12 00
Competent teachers in each of the above
etudies are engaged.
Madame FEUGAS from Charleston will give
a course of dancing lessons at oe 1101se Ilu
ring November and December--termis A2.
Mrs. HIASSEL. gives every day a SilngTit
lesson free of charge.
The young ladies' rouom; will be supplied
Piarlour boarders can he adnitted.
Payment in advance from the time of ad
mittnnce, but none for less than one qunrter.
The ]llon. Chancellor 1AVIRPFn, the lion.
P. Be:'rLER, Dr. I.Anonn: of thie S. C. Col
lege and Mrs. M. C. IzAun in Columbia, hav..
ing sent their daughters to Mrs. HAssEL. du
ring the lIst 'two years, have beeni kiid
enough to allow their names as references.
Sept. 22, 1817. 47 if
1\FW FALL GO1) S AT TIlE
M. DRUCKEUR & 0o
Are now receiving fron the North, a very
large and splendid assortment of Xensonalhe
Goods, contisting in part of, Cluthi, Cassi
meres, Sattinets Vestings, Lineis, ecarfs.
Cravats and Stocks-plain, figured and strip
ed Alpaccas, and other desirable Goods for
Ladies'Dres:es; Also, a splendid varietv of
Calicoes and Chintzes, and the very hest'and
cheapest assortment of Bleached and Brown
M uslinis in the Town.
The above (oods have bhenn se!ected with
the greatest enre, exprcssly for the Crmden
'Market, and having heen purchased on the
most advantageous terms [for cashi,] will be
sohl at a very small advance on the Northiern'
A'Iso-A Large Stock of
Ihardware, Groceries, Bagging Rope,
Twine, Boots and Shoes.
NEW FALL A ND WIiN' TR G(001)
The undersigned has received andnw
open~ his FA LI .'TIOCK, suitable for the
season, consisting of
Cashumeres, DeLaines, Gala Phlaids, CalIi
coes; Clothls, Cassimueres, Tweeds, Satinetis;
Flanmels, linn, kels, L inseys, 'Negro-cloths;
Rteady-mnade Coats, Vests, l)ress-shirts, Un
der-slhirts, Drawers; Bleached and Brown
sheetings and shirtings. Fashionable lIfats
:'nd Caps, together with an assortment of
.1 hardware, Iron, Steel, Cut, and wvro't. Nails;
C. oekery, Naddllery and Groceries; wvhicli
will be sol for Cash at the lowrest mnarket pri..
cets. A call from purchasers is solicited.
A. M. KENNEDY.
Caniden, Oct. 13, 1847. 50 f6t
An excellent and w~ell finished PIANO in
perfect order. Also, a first rate SUL~KEY'
AND HIARNESS of Rteynold's make, very
little used. Thela terms will be liberal and
accommodating. Apply to
______________A. J. MOSES.
SUMTERtVILLE, S. C.
Ojfice 2 doors North of the Court hoause.
Received by waIgon fremna
-IFresh Lemons, Citron, Currant, and Candies
French avid American Rock do., lirizil Nuts
Filberts and Almonds. Fruits received al
Sept. '21). DICKSON & L ATTA.
A fime article for lining Cisterns,
Florinig Basenmnits, &c. &ce., juist re.
cIee and for sail by
A. .r. MOSES.
May 5, 18417.,
In a L~awyer's Oflice at Sum'errille, a
Youth, wvho writes a good hand, and has sonme
knowledge of cypherning. Apply at this of
SM '4~E r ji By bs
"tilj oblige' mp~g of.yo dogal
(r7gh they-maiyn61,uit a will a
Yourls rgppctfully, A. B%
RULES FOR THE PLANTAx1Ol.
1. A good crop means one th4is good,
taking into consideration every thung..
negroes, land, mules; lorses ,.stock
ces, ditches, firming 1.u all ST
which must be kept autnAi 'd in va
lue. ThP effort ther, _o must notiw!
merely'to make a giveh mb6r of hales
of cotton,,but asamuch as ca*.be made
without infeTrupting the steady increase
of the rest of the property.
2. Tho Overseer will not beaoxpecibd
to work in the field, but he mustlalways
be with the hands,.. When not otherwise
engaged in the employe-'s busi~ss.; and;
will be required to attend op occusions to
any pecunary transactions connected
with the plantation.
3. 'rhe overseer must nqie-6ibt absent
a single ight, or an entire day without
pernission previously obtained. When
ever absent, at 9hurch or elsewhere, he
must be on the plantation by dun-doivn
4. PH6 ,must 'attend cvery niglit and,
mornng, and at noon at the stable, and
see that the mules Ewd horses are wfateied
cleaned, salted ani fed' ind the doo-1s
locked at night. He nut send all keys
to the nmnsion house.
5. The overseer must visit every ne
gro house, at day light in the morning,
and see that they arc all out, Once ai
week or more he matist visit their houses
after horn blown at night, to see that all
are in. The horni must be blown in win
ter at 8, in summer at Q o'clock, aflet
which nonegro m1ust be s-en out of' bis
6. The overseer must see that all plan
tation itensi!s are taken care of and put
in their place, and not left out. Fences
and bars kept up, and duors arid gates
kept shut, and all things mended and
kept in repair; wagons and cartsgrea
sed ; cattle must be gotten up everV eve
ming, also hogs and sheep, and in ti win
ter led once a day unless very cold wea
ther, then twice a (ay. They must be
sulted, at least oncoa week.
7. The overseer will be expected iot
to degrade himse-lf by chargig fay ie
gro with carrying news to the niployer.
There must be no news to carry. The
niployer will not encourage tale bearing,
but wviil question every negro, irdiscrimi
nately whenever lie thinks proper, about
all miatters connected with the plantation;
aid require them to tell the truth. - When
he learns any thing derogatory 'to tle
overseer, lie will iianmediately commaiuni.
eate it to lum.
8. The overseer nust, when necessa
ry, ride only such horse or mule as may
b. directed fromt tiic to time ; and as Ie
is to devote his-w.Vhole time and attention
to the plaintation; hie expected to see but
little company, aid to su'er no persons
-o be about barns or stables without per
9. Ile will be expected to obey striet
ly all instructions of* the employer; and
lie must, without being asked, give infor
nation to his employer about any and
every thing going on, that may concern
or interest his employer.
10. The negoes must be made to
Obey and to werk, which may be donie by
an oaverseer who attends regularly to his
blusiness, with very little use of a whip.
lhL n hiping indicates a had tempered
or anmattentive mannger, and wvillo
be llowedCt. lle'pOof, ad~vise, ami'a kind
and fatherly treatmient will ell'ect much.
Th'ie ov'erseer mOust never on any occa
sion, unless in sellf detfence, kick a negro,
or* strike thenm with his hand or a stick,-or
the hut end of his whip ; no unusual
punishment must be resorted to, without
the employer's consent, lie must never
give a negro a ticket, niar send one ofi
the pantatioii without his empldoyer's or
12. The sick negroes must bo repor
ted every morning or ollener, treatedl
with great tenderness and seeni well afller.
VTe children must be taken great cnge
.uf ; suick ing and pregnant women muast
be madtalged as5 muitch as circumstances
will aillowv, and never worked as much as
others. The sucklers allowed( time to at
tend to their inlfants, andI if plossible,
wor'ked as near their houses as can he.
No lifling or plouaghing must be done by
13. Th'le usc of nrdcnt spirits in over
seer, and anegroes is absolutely forbidden
on the plantationa, unless when prescribed
lay ai physiecinn ; no ecursing or. profaime
latngue nmst heo used. Should the over.
secr get drunk, or drink miore spirits than
Ilis employer al)piroves of, lie miutst ex pet
to be instaintl y <ltsc haraged.
14. The negroes must not be allowed
to have dancinag, feasting, andii prcachiang
aind prayears amaongst but themselves. On
Sunadaysthiey mn~y aissemible together;
and the~y are not to be adlowed to be at
any withbout thle emi plor's permission.
15. Thew negroes are to he kept out of
the rain Os nmehi as poss5ile, nand to see
liat thlay take ecare of themselves wihenl
expos4ed or wvet.
I10. A fle'r a stiorm the fencing around
thae ieldsa shouald he~ examaianed iiaid puat Rapt
he ~ is .punished
th 11t e&r,~ the e
j.30. c' 1 uje C WerI
V hetovr t o per becon'aekdisatis
fiedI equit henJIployir'sjvice bT
ghvn - m i Anotice in writingge
an theplyray discharge 1t
at any time by paying -for his service up
to that priod, at tie rates agreed upon for
.5iegrogs must boe allod(I$ a
part of everY$aturday aftern6on to clean
out their houses and yards and got wood,
V~nd are not to be allowedo workon Sun-.
days. Theynmbst plant 'nd tend.aadroof
in the weec. Tfieir allowance must be
gived to them on Monday Morning.
AGR EMENT BETWEEN PLAN
,TER AND OVERSEER.
.South Carplina, Sutkter District.
Articles of agreement between 7oN
ContNSTAI K planter, and JApEs Conzr.
STAL.oversecr. The said J, CoRNTTALK,
agrecs toecm 'oy said J, COTTONSTAsLKts
aroverser.-for the term of one year from
th0! day of A. D...1848, and
to play him at tiernto of Dollars
for his services for the said year If they
continue togetlcr sQ.loi ; also tolind the
said J. .orro;TA LK a house to. live in,
and haive wood occasionally hauled for
in ; also to furnish him with the follow
hig articles to wit (here enhnerate the
articles.) The said J. COTTONSTALK?
agrec to serve the said J. COnNSTAtK, for
the said terms as above mentioned, and tQ
do and perform all the duties of an over
seer for him, and to obey all written and
verbal ordcrs, and to observe the rules and
regulations of his platitation, and to be of
good moral conduct, sober and industri
ous, and to treat the said J. CORNSTALK
respect fully. And it is also agreed by the
said parties, that should either of them
become dissatisfied with the othe, that
the one dissatisfied,-on giving a month's
written notice may quit, and the said4J.
CORNSTA-LK is only to pay.up to the time of
In witness whereof we have hereunto
Oest our hands, this day of
A..D. 1847-and also to'a Aiuplicate here
of J NO. CORNSTA LK,
TWitness, JACOB PEAS.
CULTIVATION OF TIlE S3OIL FOR
The imp.-irtnnce of good transplanting
has already beei noticed; yet very few
practice it as it should be done.
There is anot her departnu nt in the care
of fruit trees, still more important; per
haps not so much so in itself as from its
alhnost universal neglect, and the conse
qIent disaist rous resilts. This is thorough
cultivation of the soil. For, ofmanv hig
dreds of trees which the writer has seen
transplanted Iy various cultivators, More
hat-c beenlostfron NEGLECTEn AFTER -CUL
TUntE, that fron other causes purtogether.
I'cersons who purehase young trees treat
them variously as follows:;:
I. Some kill them at once hv trvin
themi inl the sun or wind, or'Ireezing
thenm in the cold.
2. Others kill thm4 by crowding the
roots into .small holes in hard grouid,
where they ean never flourish, and rarely
3. Others set them out wcll, but that is
all. Thii done, they consider the whole
work as finished. '.J'ho t rees are suf fered
to become choked with grass. wveeds, or
crops of grain--sonme live aind linger, oth.
ers die unmder the hardship, or ( ISO arc
b~roken oi'l'by eattle, or broken dlown by
the tmn which cultivates the ground.'
Ana intelligent friend purc'hiased 11fiv
very fine peach trees, handsomelv rooted,
and of vigorous growth; they were well
set out in a field containing a Ifine crop oi
heavy clover and timothy. Thc follow.
img sunmner was very dry; a luguriant
growth of meadow grass nearly olbseured
thema from sight. What was'the conse.
quce? Most of themi n~cessar ily per
Anmothuer person bought sixty, of worse
quality in growth; he set them .out well,
and kept themi well cultivated with pota.
t'oes. le lost hut one tree; aind coJntintu.
ing to cultivate them wjith low lhoed crops,
they ntow promisc to aflford loads of rich
peat-hes, before the dead stubs of his neigh.
bor, just- mentioned, huave disappteared
fronm his grounds.
Another neighbor a year ago bought
fifty good trees. Passing his house lzate
an summer, lie said to mae, "I thought ai
crop of. wheat ones of the best for yon
pecachi trees?" Just the reverse; it is oae
of the worst-till sowni crops aire in jurious,
all low hoed ones benefiil"-WelI,'
anaswcred he, "'I have found it so-my fif
ty trees all lived it is trute, but I have lost
one0 year of their growth by rmy want of
know ledge." Ilis trees were exaniinedl;
they were in an excellent soil, andl had
been we'rll set ou t. All thle rows but one
had stood in a field of wheat; that one-was
hoed with a crop of potatoes. The result
was striking. Of the trees that stood
amiong the wheat, some had made shoots
the same year, an inch long, some twc
inches long, some four, andi a very few,
five or six inches. While on the other
hatid, on nearly every one that grew with
the potatoes, niew shoots a foot and a halh
coul be found, and on some the growth
hadl been two feet two tual a hat; and
two ero4Q ds
Aidtedthe th pg Uh
t on. fi'ifly trees wo c no
op'.gudgmentn t. 6 ni t Wehave
culpivated this season, afe.loun~gf g.
seotn like neo n~d(. .o fltvo In
'roportion to thei6. 1 rigt 'f
ten stand in thi"gr a crops
and ;frua .rd- le usuaJ ; t; atthe
u anwh piold them Inot nre
quen~ pronounced.rogue for-'this.dis
tribitting wprthless Iinds, when-goiedi-.
tivation would wholly hango thOir char
Tlics are freqdontly mutilateda6 culti
vating the ground with a team; to obviate
,*is 'dificulty, arrang the hor~ts when
they v~'rk near the h e etis ond b:
Jg the other ad tandum'; kot 66y rid&
lie forward one, use long - traces, an'd4
*s'ort whipple-tree, anldpglace the ihole in
the charge of a careful man wvhykn s
that one tre is worthi ore than fiity hills"
of corn or potatoes,.an j'Wno dangelkineed
XVhen it beco Mes iecesXy for-qtcs
to stand in grass us in somo iatpnnces near
dlwellings_, a circ!c of syrlfetaih
each .trce, must be- k-p1 mellow by the
spade. The work should belihallow near
the tree to prevent injuly * the roots, and
graduallydeepen as it recedes. This
operation wvhen re entedseveral times du.
ring summer, has etcn knoi to inercse
theqrowth five fold. But a not less im
portant result is~ the exclusion of mice, Gir
which this is by firt the most effectual
method, if the gurface is raised nifMe or t'n
incheiroind tI tree jdstaboforo widter.
The grafis sAo longetr affortls these animals
any.hiding place; and the embankment
round the stem prevents the follection of
deeli snow.-It pr.ves completely effc
Amongsth . crops which are b'est suitcd
to young trecstare .,potatoes, ruta bugds,
bbets, carrots, beans, ald all low hoed
crops. Corn, though a hoed crop is of"
too tall a growth, shadinggyoung trees too
much by its formidable stalks. All sown
crops are to be avoided, and grass is sill
worse. Meadows are ruinous. Anac-.
quaintance 'vho purchased a ihundred"
peach trees, and placed, them in meadqy.
land, lost.4nost ofthesi by the oi'ergr6ivt
of the grass; and thefollowing 'wifiter the
mco, wgi9 avoid clean culture destroyed
the remainder. Every one wis lost. A
clean, mellow cultivatd piece ofground,
kept so a few yea ib. might have saved the
whole of them, and brought them'sobn in
to bearing.-Yomas Fruit-Culturist.
IOW FRANK FARRELL BURIED
ANOTHER MAN'S WIFE.
An incident, serious in itself, though it
the sume ntie laughably ludicrous, lately
occurred in New Orleans. There lived
I in Baronne street. and inded there lives
there still, a poor but industrious couple
Frank Farrell and his wife Mary. If
Frank wer& to die, his excessive wealth,
at least, would not procludo til possibili
ty of his admittance Into tho4Acie reserv
ed for the elect. Frank is poor, but he
has a wife whom he loves-one who loves
him ; a homne where'aonteiment is ap
maonent lodger, and habits of' indulistry,
which seceres headlh and atlbrd him the
means to supply his wvants, whbich are but
few. le folowsih business of dyeing"
-reovauting odgarments ; or 'in other
Iwords, like' a pariticular maiiihst, imiprov-.
ing the~ habits of' the current generation:;
in feet, hie (dyes to live. Though a man
Iof' known veracity, he~gives a coloring to
almnost every thing .lhe touches ; Ind' al
though of' strictly abstemious hatbits, lie is
frequently seen blue.
Not long since,- hiry took the' yello,v
feve4, amnd Frank beingpisrongly adviscd
to send her to oneof the pa-y-wards of'
the Charity Ho(spital, where she would
have the host adv'ice and modtical attend
anc, udid so. For two days, on each of
which he called to see her several times,
her case conitiniued to be a dangerous one,
and Frank r'emrtined in a state of' the most
excing snuspense, lest her whom 'lie so
dearly loved should pass out of existene$ .
Onsthe n~fght of' the secondh day, the physi
cian thoughlttJe sa't symj1omn.faimprove
ment, as if th'e crisis of' the easo lind been
past ; and this~was an announ'eement
which Frank hailed with all the gratifica
tion mnspired by sincere afl'eytion. HeJ
went homne to his humbile residence, and
that niight hadu pleasurable and bright
dIreams about Maury, hnjppy days and a fg
toEarly in the mornling a mneshge cnmme
thim that Mary wvas (lead ; that she died
at one o'clock in the mnorn'ng ; that her
cor'pso was in-the dead-house, aud. that ir
it w~as not takent away bef'oro the doctors
came they would dissect it. 'JThis sadl
news froze. forjm moment life's current in
Frank's hea rt, hut the idea of' her-body,
instead of being hurried where lie coul
make per'iodicalipilrimgAs to.- it, and
plant flowers arount it, being subljeoted to
the scalpel of theo unfeeling surgcon,
again set it in rapid motion. He hurried
out to the undertaker's, precuredl a hearse
and collin, wvent directly to the dead-house,
where lie found the corpse of a fenmata
Qnz . jt oie 'o' as a.
Whatiro or Ni
If V you ar I dmmand ou, in
of thie Father;'Sohazna Holy -bW
do me neither' Nr.noTfh r bto'
thei-4ld do you, if you wbr live4
d' And Fran vjc,'ZsJ!ai31 fk ie ~
was Mary laxd o .y ele; "edre
alive, thouightn troth it soemb it's'deaF
n tanvbe, for-all youai about ne
.ou're not'aliv %~','.'airI rank
yw could you bewhen I buraidd you
on, idaylast. You know-the love 1 oJ
Ways had~for-you wh~eiy~you wiiolive ;1
but I don't think it's tritn me d to
bo appeariia tonmi' thityoti re
If aptlug throuble your sowl,sh ,
and l'1l get as many masses spa as'l re
"o Frank, agro," saidefryl "yo're
rosin' your sm'es. Pd rather youd g
rjo aucup of'tay nofv; to rouse me'poor
Wake heart, than aiythigg else. ..You see~
there's not an ounce ofldesh on 'nie pooir-'
"Why" says FraIoo hae you an
-ones at all? Bog.r, INpught vor a
spmt that .came tothet mie
set"-he feels her ia b goxty,
yet 're not a sperit, but Mr a enough,,
I believe. Bustay till I the can.
(lie." [Lights itiand is satisfied' bfher
identity.] a 'SVell,how in the *rrd did
ou get out of tho grave Mary? - Wil
'yo tl no that! or- fastened'you dovn
well forvfear of.themn thievig -sackh em
u ps..W y u r r a
Mary ; (wasn't in the grave at all. 'I
have judileft the Charitable J vosp
-and ---" -
Thkertranco of tpo rn re
her proccr-ling, ones ofHom pasi nate.
ly inquir d
"Is your npnio'Farrell?'
'Yes'a 'id.Frank, "kise, summer a
win'tier. fafyL'be so bowl asthrl e
what's your bus'ness with me? '.
Me want to knoy' oaiJ tre m , wht.,
you did with my wifq - If you've ot
her tote octors, or did sy tng
kirtd,I'll :mkeo itgi eore E#ugness to yotu
'Your.wife.said 6-rank o aus
' what tvifo ?' ' si lit'
h my wif', - s rangr
' whoso body you toolf . from the Cha ity
Hospital pnFriday mqraing, as I'm toid
hyu did." f h *"b7
"'And was tfiat~your wife ? isaid Franik.
'She wtasn'tny bo ly 41se's,'-s ;the
'begor, thin, I buried hdr dayeint (
you,' said Frank. And it wasii't -o
Mary, shure enoug,1he added* r -
', Oieed, then, it wae*sn't,, saddMary..
*'u AnYou're no ghost ?' said Fran..
' Well, I see it all now Imistook.anoth
er dlaycint woman; this gintrman's wife,.
for'you, because they told Ihie yon wor
dead, and that she'was Mrs. Farrell. e
' ' So Alie was,' said thiegtrange4 'n4
OuR'readers by this tino know the ori-e
gin of this~ budget of 'bluniders. There
was two Mrs. Farrells adniitted as yellpy
fever patidnts iqto the bospita). Frank
biuried ond of'them; belioyTngh a i
own Mary. It proved to be the~ miistake *'. -
of a morning.
A kiis thus defined in'A love iett
written'in 1 7, and trapslateil from the
Gerian:-- hat s a kiss': A kiss is
as it wvere,a seal ehpressing our sheiere
attachment-thelodge of future trii
a dumi but th eam p audible myif
guage of a Ioving heat-a pre nt wlie
at the timetbat it is gidenis tak'ng1ot
us th-impreao on an iv ory coral pres
a'crimson balaid fora'ove ounded
heart-it swe#tbitaof the lip--an Q tk - ,
iwnato oiihy pf the. fifuth-a ' ius
dish whio s entenith scairct a
a sweetmeayIctoh does' not sat" otr.
Imnnger-i -frugt vhichk is plntel ad
gathered at the dn tim-the quickest
exchange ofquestiong and answersoftwvo
lovers--thl fourth groot'f6ve.
Awkwa d Mistake.-A fife stone
Church wias lal&y built in Missotrz,(days -
the Washgigten Unioni,) upon~ the faca~de.
of ivhielia ptone-cut~er was ordered 'to
ort the folowing as an.insoripti'on,-"My
houe shall bo called the hoof'sa'"
H was referred, t accuracy, to the'
verse of scripture in which t ' oa
occur: butn wfortunately; ho iis b/d,
to the scandlil of the societ -, thee Bhle
verse:---My iouse shaji tiall the9wie,.
house of prayer ut yo hdvd iti Yo don
of tdie thts!". - . ' l
Ono 'day. utan fahit'h house, a wag saw
ani old gobler trying -to eat the string o -
ome nig t-capssthqt lay 0:ngbe~grws to,
' That,' said hie. is *A hato 1 -ll
tempt to itroduce cotn t.