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_ : - -- , . ,J I_ , - .-..
out a utll
in dubt U.. States Q here,
Captain ilto aKth .the- 1hi-t Ig of
puc&&-her hi41 b1
EatiW ware e pm
In July betweeO a
in this vicidfity were eumbarlii r.q
Her for ehi seat' -fwr it.
ab ; nofe tliaui
about 140 flos Fort yomm in te
sa4me-time' u wards o 1, veen 'Ont 1to
Ne*F Yor ia there m ed: su that we
may in ige,,the ' - isatisetibon (if -ha
ving st,within te lait three months,',motre
-than gbfusandtrps.:of ebetmateri
al# to a in our 3iallant iry ]tlxio.
Ball bArg us.
M o T'0waos---DET OF FATHE
SoN.---Only two, weeksihave goebsince
we were ealed epon to annon death
of George Decatur Twiggil a .yung. man. of
rare wortlynd intell'nee, the o and,
beloved son of Major wigs of 'the nited
States Marine corps. 'Yeserday the painful
dut devolved upnus to of 'reco-rdin the
deat of the father, Major Twiggs himself,
who fell whidht tddh his duty as an of
ficer of the arm and b ing in th'cause
of the nation.' Thlis father and son have
,H'both fallen on the battle fields of Mexico,
the death of theone followed that of the
other within a few days. The 'aor, hisseen
and the othei branches of his highiy res" e
ted family came.toathis to reots about
four,years ago. Th ourer and daghters
* de still here at our t a nouy c The dajor
and Lieutenant left Philadlhia in June last'
for Veora Cruz, with the. aes under Col.
Watson's comand. to join eneral Scott's.
r my in Msico.- The Major marched front
era Cruz uneA eneral Pierce, and rrived
duafety-at the seat of war. The son fol
lowed soon fter, with Major -Lall's com
erand, and fell in a skirmish win the guer
Couoa Crp.--From the circular fori
urop e o N. 0. Comnercial Time ,
the fellowing estimate of the cotton crop
"With regard to the crop the eather
during*the past three weeks has been of a
thafraicar.nto ensure a most abundant yield
in this section of the country. Not anly
have te had an 'entire .exemptio from
rin but the temperature has bqen-so gen
ial that the second growthhas ripeuned and
the plant may now almost be consaidred
beyond the influeno of a frost. The
planters are still 'so busily engaged in
picking, that the arrivals have come for.
ward slowly compared with other large
crop seasons, but there can no longer be
a question that the total receipts at this
inrt will vie with those of any preceding
have Iew hd a tre improed ro
ofich but wile temeature haslly advien
ithatuhe ourcondrespondents reedher
s thpat wemave now loe onhsitation
in etton the inentme of 2,2o00,000
pbanes ore etile esp bufl tentedi
picine thiaomcat thr aecmerka
wdolow comepredec wit the clare
crp seos thereil an ben lonNorth
aerthan that twele tand recipsuthr his
fort wialyi worth years. of any Spreen
frmThe oth adtw6ar, the proupeth;
Houe ofieisentateiesy irovhe Noh
hrfog yoeu h corre p sdents ofw he.
Soetate ha e. from logryhesirti 1fomi
SIn steNtth on rom etmae South 2,2 d0,00
baeNorihe tire or orte nMinie
Thebo Cicgo DCort remnark, tasa
advertsem"e for eidpeytheo of aorun
Mr.y Posl tr wlave ibeueiien utoityforthon
eo aeshmn ao tweeSae and tr hnd
Cto Judgenster appoitedsnwo est the,
slarmve presumd 16 fro the Stofuth;
Aone enerl fatroma the rigethe aid
1from thr S uth;rize Saes ofiz upon
is slae and Rpentak ive. o h N h
mad for the Suth;i 16 Prsientsrof runho
te udorn, fro hedfe Noh 61hero
taecuoth is, ro tha he Sout; Aan5
Norbathaer r n twoterve oreirten Minis.
teildhoof islikee ainetr achin and
mem ltr oficrthr pougout."ae hog
uttered by.tparen rpcnty ree up.
othe ibong harcut lorikn aa, esat pan
dvertiet frusth appehnonr-fcadrung
QuenVot -acrrestpiori fe aeadentk hi
tohis Coaser. Tdes Etutso Unih, arrsThe
rumor ins reuedento in theirgens of the
highe, audtheority, hof the, ymtght eihe in.
byo her bathorie agents tow seiebilo.
slav er and l t t thim remld
ma en the uldngofailteame to runpot
terudso,ork assertdtht lonin. Theu
Qalcueatonisd that shd~itrt Alny v
ban aily, rmn teth or stharvteen hors
memethatuo~ abrmpough out proan thoeg
nd~s is uld ir. gh dhs
mightend . r th exIdn ef th Gae
re img m aith-istrd ~icalt susibd *and
to ma e & a eto..eo thUrprto
pasro. rceved hais idu b es b .
nc" e size s,) and if id hor i
oreeofby parnage it ei th- pasq
nes Thislde" ir uh a~iseq
.new .Pu an, ddni type tl~~ osi
Which Wgul C an m of ent)Oore
This, otlay, under hown "eic111anri
cithtenrdzer thhee staeo'y : theR-aper,
whilest it who , cerif yut-andil its profit
morethan o r cent. -
With a ie*.morendeing tasy for Ver
readig man in the Ditrict to sbtcib and
-E psor i dh Propri
has rts qh (iw will be seen by-ke..
fer si to the terms.) ad if a corresno-ding
increse of paitonage i . receivd, the aperg
With grateful atckfiledgments for the
Extrality hfterto sbew , "The annr" is -
cast to thelretize forixn theoid'year, with
the buoyant e a of youth nd its best
wishesror the coninued preasriy of its
rOf Common Pleg aid Genthal Sessions
Tebe'ies oen gvnob'the tScanctor.~
Tpo oSefr mi nssi tItheunfor
Extray to.rtheld b Judg HonrLA indg Ju-A
n.Eat R evi . aigli h ad h eto
ly last, ther still refiann oA thoibsue Do et
74 old cas-and "tthe lowcest calculation
50 new ones wilj-betdded.'.
There is a hwoe Docket, preparing forthe
criminal ide of the Coi6thO the Trmverse
Docket f 14 old cases, two for assaul with
inatt, to kill; other Indictments ota like
oflbneedliave been given out by 'ihe Solicitor.
Two cases for murder against the unfortu'
nate eiobn n Starik, wh paid the debt of
nature, by hangin, i Julylast ware stillton
that Dockeis-and the Solicitor has under.
coniderati two new cases of a likenature:
mutependeitsyof these, there ar'e numerous
cass of a ilder cha cter foribel, asesults,
bateries, negro trading,' bastrdy, woarceny,
hThe Judge seems determined to ihake an
impression on the business in the Court, but
we fear that its accumulation will proe too
hard for~him. No Extra Court can be order
ed between this and the Spring Termi;'the
unfinisd business of the st d erm
four.fid C t our e- n presenta
mtfi deis, hi wihdom, soe buessato
theisabe Doockturh cndit The-a nextraes
Ciour forul rAu twilb the trie. u-lt.
*The epoerign of ah Teein of toheeBkr
han clerda' paper inrelato Colthebde-thyo
the bistfiguished.de w1hose name.ioatouhe
hed ovedhins-icenti furtheer yencs
pThebpressopn of the istrir e-ar
fhoughaout ou StaenitatrCan eplrHen.
Psnial ton ofr codtinthe betofJdes, es
san mofsth elleturm ill Ther -it bunant
inerleie-n the pubiiadpr:ed
Tinredzgs of theu meeting oha the~ opin
ino-exray'is ter pinreaion etor.ate d And
testiushearJuin, whse nahe is at te
bead ofrasb thisat e onafther idEnR.
of theorighetwth ihe third hesuin aeld
Te texrse opi of the r etearr
nhinghothe on.F i.Ms, that eshncello t-e
rceedis o hiHno the esdin Judge ela
atoetexcelltha appoia.Theareis, abn.n
Jdgsfte varis -espne reti ht feori
ih ereard for thde pno anrf,wdm had
SinouCrliasmalashere have beenite
proliic ofro Europme; but tinmrn he
bteof deraeythe eatoomy TheAdecline
in accordancet siite the teir rewsolution'f-l
te 3- et e b"the opnngoighCoresta quora
bing th et.F.JMonprsteth
prcInges tork hisa'yn the cresinJde
tCh'arstn ourpr,)aOtear ,es. n
Juinsdge dN rpo20ndae bnerly li for ex
boyt tograncnd the Mediteranan-ratesn hs
hibegar faor ofuthe Ifyr Thre are feav
buyer fnorn mnufturlying an~'d u onappa-c
tuer 20thj (iay lae,)tecttnmr
Sinces still astfavereof ve been ano fther
advicis froe suppied bt ihe Cncesions te
staned ofThe makets gonhtdy. Therecli0e
Calesmontl i,) ctober...,,, e ... -
4 omfor limfle
e. T h
t k Nows th e n
C beeby . dhydith
beed 1pu ld purl
aof taiolr ofnd
&er tys of
!raisejad iuf tjk'IantHftt- popse by
4.1rctnG~ee e i i.of the. bfficers of the
al Mt l ine:It-ii lie I~story and'
nWAt'nolie deeds continue tq,"p ap
atecated. ~di-&-l tliem MW the p 9v1tes
coothionsonument, I io en'
future (ild lAe"ter. before her
cap7ta1-0e napnes of-eimni sona. -
'e PantRegiment.--Agin our de.
reginent as'met the'enemy, andAizi
Oured out its tIOdin torrents W h
o sufeed'hjvily,-ik has"t-e ad %,f
distinction of haviin 'uffered mostjO,, he_
moisty who survivW' unhurt the drAfA e
otricken do*ii. at"hu Z
officer-nearily -ayr ..p'isina cer,'
has1ben-kRWe. or, w*ded Thij'j '1jjc
cOnstaneyothe .pew ,was dpecied, ethem
at hwn;and. U*M 9fCaron'a e
point heT... G' ay-and glorihly' i
those she sent, 'Mec performed-t eidu
ty. She mu t . unmindful of hbr own.
4ehey h Rve .. l of life; she- must be
generous of henr i.. - honor, and her tiu
sure. .The fa-il f. all, the living and tis
dead" whose ice tancos re4iire it, must
be- provided fpr.. If 'State may not grant
large pensionsr let rWo mri6 who is a man itid
a Caroliniag sta'nd .badk. The wives an1
children, the jdiaind or'phns, of the braie
men who hav e illustrated our chivalry, are
kindred to us all, and entitled to shard our
last dollar. Is there one whowillnotbe probd
to own the" and to adknowledge theirmghtsl
- - But't i must- do her part. Lt her
at once'tdb the:propet 3ofures to bring
home fbdoWMerietyitatthe i se of tie ub
lic triasury, te remtains of er slain, a= de.
liver thenr l6thir- etive families.- It is
her sacred, her paiwiiil duty, to do this. She
inust do nloreOr. intrepid. sons' who have
lallen in :baVt leif to hergas their com
mon mother,. *Ah#Ijp of Ageir deeds and
Inemories. It. i anoble legacy,and hust be
preserved foreey t A- matble,'monume.
be erected Un-j'i o'e ott-I elont
which the n!!w of ath aie
day and spfot onfii i fellshal be engrav.
ed, that: in all :e 0. com they may be
known. Thus oill.Plt i heroic dead
by-honored. bu e i every generation,
gon up there to thed i mmortal, register,
hallbe filled wil, khe inspiring hope of plac-.
ing their owi narmes u*fit.--Lcunus.
Alas! i how the mighty have fallen! The
people of Maiad(iusetts were once patriotic
they .were then poor, they are now rich
They have gro~n rich at the expense of the
people. of the--South. They sold us their
slaver, put ou. -money into their pocketg
theni turned their attention to mafactiuring
Cotton, Tariff4 Rebellion and '[e 6n.
Mr. Jefferson syvs,"OCultivators ofthle earfth
are the most~, ajiable citizeris.. They are
tihe minost vigogotie,.t0:e.most inirdependent, the
most virtuiousi and they are tied to their coun
try, and wed'aed to its lib~ertysand interests by
the most lastirigbonds." Irvd20mliaring the
seg ,ring ar jgnufacuring classes, he saysi
"Pflnd the daiiaar he most valuable citizens.
I considerthwelassofartifcers aa m~ ndersgf
riceqnd the i' umnhntsbywhickthal~e tep
country care getieralyorerturnek." If thespir
itof the people, of *mssachusetts is to be
gatherede from nher Pias--from hier conven
tione, and'from -the declarations of her leading
citizens-thon weigh her "in the scales of
Justice." and'ahe "will be found roanting"
in patriotium;.e will be found te ander
of rice, and-a fit instrument for th dgtrue
tion of the libprtygf the country.'
" Treon against the U. states shall con
sist only inlevyiig~war against them, or'adhe
ring to'theinuemies, giaring them aid and
eomfort"-Daniel Websterin his Springfield
speech said. "'The character of the war
against MLexIeo is vicious ; it is a wvar of
pretexts." li[e says, Taylor's army invaged
Mexicanferritory, that wcas fiialaimned f~j
our (pngress,' and declares the war wa# co -
menced by us. "It is a war in which Mexi
co 1tias ilhe griipiance, and woe strike the first
blow,' She hasathe prominant ifmplaint, and
we. comnioucede hostilites"--Het congratu
lesne' l:rgaving opposed his own gov
ermnein eoery atop 'taken against her en
emy. WVould not such a man raise a," Blu
Light'Ifor the benefit ofte enemy ~ de he
not give~thgm 'pid and comnforL"l 'His opposi
tion to biown governmerit is openly gy~owed
and active heis notgneutral,is ho not an adhe
rent orthe'eneiny ; is he not aTraitor ? Sup
pose Websteravith the army in Mexico, talk
ing and acti'ng i like-manner-Scott woufa
soon create a firm of " Riley and Webster,"
6r hang him high as Hlayman.
- Webster's Deui# is, slave ,representation.
" Ine'erhavr never :hall, I never will
.tefrayfarther anatotothis country
wvith ii slave represeltatiot4 tipon it or in it.
Much has been said of lato concerning the
Wilmot proviso. 'the sentiment it einbra
ces is a just one," are his emphatic wvords.
This speech was made before the Whig
Convention of Massahusetts, .Mr.'a
mnan, presiding. Mr. Palfrey, M. C. proposed
a resolutioin declaring that the -whigs of that
he opoli th
W r anc.,
6flaw aid rThe cradlef
become the b'ed al Uortsf itical
and tessode. In.
onoc g hrsef itoj quiet in her o'd
ing . R-. ing 4bo, Whim ta
devour,"-like Mm*.ed- s
destruction, she seeks the destrudtion of al
Math r reack
- Ze specimen of the1 Massachusetts
press, we.give'place to the tolowirng del.
ci93Snmor.eq1uf whliighe "Boston Hb
aid "is th4e6puted father
"Ascertain whether there are any, and
hc~tvu~y~qlo citizbns of M uet,
uth Caro who
bbae ben so the isof~t y
to bondage.' if ere 66 ayt is
n roceed toeprisals, since neither the
)aws 'of the ,Uni nthe he Gv
ment afford u's he
three-fifthw -A, 1 of i '
16-foi tthhen2 Ut ak
e n r h ; t 1
t stens of acihus wP ar
ed ii,"or have been sold ro& jj alina;
hd if the number beyodd, 4keI deast
on. Empower hi -to shut 'the p, and
tret them precise yas our fm egroa"
are treated in C eston-to RIscate
866th Carolina pe and to
South Carolina'li should soon
the guilty oligarch ason. We are
strong, she is we is poor, we are ric;
We have-i 14k o opulatioof ne
a million; she bire1 two ndredtousand.
11The Charleston Courier again ,brings
us news from blexico.. TWJatnes L. Day,
sailed from Vera Cruz cin 9.th ult., and ar-.
rived New Orleans, on the13d Do.
On thei25th Sept. Gen. Santa Anna sum.
moned Col. Childs surrender the, American
fees uddid his command at Puebla. I1era
are "the Ddmand and Refusal."
Commwiaib~hi e en.Gc Santa Ana%
and 6Aildsia* .Puebla.
HJDQUAaTrsZ N Anui
I have taken e l this 'dit
the army under y imand,or~hqi4
rating uon te ral
an=cuiedI by your* E4ele 'y and,'
,vith the view of liberat s t .inhabitanli
from the domination of the "idf the Uni;
ted States frli'umhomi they have alrady suff
ered too much.: But before commen any
operatiofI of a military charnctrij-M Rcxz
sdete# it my duty to act in obedience-to tha,
inpulseofhyma:dty, and conseque . re.
quest that'yourkExcellency will plea evacu.
ale th's city within a crtain and peremptory
spacd'of timie, it being known to you at the
samne time that you can depart with-iall the
honors of war, either to form a -juictiqn witiz
Gen. Sehtt, or the forces of 'your country at
Perote, according as it best uits your plea
sure. But should this co u .request of
mine be unheede4 by your Eellency, then,
although to me lt~b a painful alternative, I
shall commence to assault your positions, be.
caus there exists in the. vicinity of your Eza
e lncan army of 8,00fi men who are de
terip that the rights of their nation shall
ho nintained and respected. . ?
God and liberty, headiluarters in Puebla,
Septmbe 25h, 847.
ANTONIO LOPEZ DE SANTk4NA.
To Senor Colonel D). Thomas Chids :omn.
griander of theUsited Stales am~tae
HIE}DQtJ4ax~zr Csn Q PUBI3L& ME ICo,
S..Ihdthe 'honor, of receiving, at 2
o'clock this afternoon,'your Excellency's let
ter4 this date. In it you were"ese to
.oj niv of the fact that you ij npe
sesmof this city, for the put udo.
cl~r of res'toring to the fl'n nt of
their liberty its citizens whoi 'lave hitherto'
silbed'so much fromp thes United States ar.
~2You likewise were pleased to ofibcer
ta stipulations tqotis arrison, provided
that it would, withutfixd time, abarddon the
pitof defence whc it now occupies.
With rpgard to the 'on of ou Excl.
lency, w~hich lmplies' Inhabitants of
P'uobla have been tby the Uniti'd
States troops, I wholly deny it. On the con
trary, I assure you thafthe property and the
privileges of all have i~nmaintained, and
respected with the grat scrupulousness,
indeed, so much so hsit been done, that its
parallel cannot be found ii the annals of war.
And I would most willingly';lave it to the
most intelligent and impertia[' rion of the
populationof the city to decd mwhich
of the two.con~tenaT~ng parties'ty have re
ceivpd the most injury; and rmoleb aipn whe.
thbrnt is from.-their.oivn countrv Wd~'r the
troops ofthe United$3tates. -
With readto that particular piart of your
Excellenc'!.Ietter which demands the sur
render, within a fixed time, of all the positions
now occupied by the troope under my com-.
rnr d, I can only say in reply, that having
honored with the duty'of gu~rding and
p ~tmg them, it is -equally my greatet
wish and~ paraount obliga'tion to preserve
th6ht to the laat'; andI am fully satisfied that
I hal'be able to defend them successfully,
inasmuch as I have at my disposal all the
sources esential to its full and completa'.
With considerations in the highest degree
respectfttl, Ihave the honor to beyour most
obedient servant. .
THOMA8 OHILD8~ Col. UJ.'Army,
Civil and MiliaifGovernor.
September 2fatnt5. M.-4ho IMexiaz
opeped a heavy canno$le upon the Anil
cans from three poipts." The ,complment
rt iasintil nd re
cottoubas b -
"an on i.
at the e~ ~O av ~aa lliantyade
thre eyrin dpg 1attaeI
inced r fir
~~6 t& o heir
; and I' *air
uld not derive -
IThe denounced him as
petelit "askilful and of C
- -r.ANm was ordered s gove-n
rtar the're -
tedfor Oaxaca, and the Mexian& the
say.he I nI~king his. py to -
the puriose of leaving the Rpi2 e
ico fore ver. .
oin Cusri dia
65 n of n cha R t
min~trny and -insubordizto,4~~s hn
from the lie ment aid oer n t-the.
Castle of San luans,d-Ulloa. such dty
r may be performed by soldicq,,who are
oupd unworthy to -arry Arms,i-are a.
4.g neusance oh. t npY A .
lyre pastndaef 'are awagesehof
65' drel, toiis are at isold
These hed at
of the I f. a t ;e in e a .- . .
Gen. Laneoith . ara
rote on tie 4tl t
Capt.Truett with IO eined volnter
and- Capt. Armst rithl6b antout
era Crui Ost 8th, r ofrGof
son to scour h count d rid it of
rillasparties. The tw'ofrties were su___
fuil in killing considerable ninpbers' of the
enemy and in re-- mu&c. ,Gen. P.
'hihly apprved or Xce~uiiCspL
T. and A. ~
At anmeeting of the Ba& $8e
trict and the several Officers of th l~
held on the 26th'October, for pup o(
expressing their sense of the'pnbr oc.
casioned by the death of Cha R
Hamni, thie Hon. F. Ias
the Cha'r and E. M. _
ted toa tas o8ea~v~a b
Chair, CL. Moszaade
marlis, sketchirig ridfly
and concludejd by- ~ thit 4pli&
mn inEuth I ea
Rcslre, Tata Committee p(five bra.
61iented.t~rf suitable Rsoln inul.
tiot to~J iitellignce of erv~ko
own-etee werd ~ited
fIteCommittee Spain, ~q Colk
/B.Miller, Wi ynworthr E4 8.
net, senm 1I~f ing
ble Reso i ha aion to t adfel
gence of the eot fCbael Kw Ham
ru,- submit thes oin 'ps~
We have oeekr ~
-the afflicting disost -o I
thetemoval of t o ii.Wua.
the sphere of -bi use(ul laborg.W *
forego the ocqasion to ii~eu 1
that of .theBa
pressions of sorrow lat theisu
not unlogjsed-for eve4 and to
high regairt& isc s
of ieart, wero-Chancelor a c
tieristics as'a man. e co'se
analysis, pation of re
merch, exti t n(
incorruptiaa ' aI
- etiin of haI1 e
beond its limit 4bv'
ih frst wankaooagt lea
maclodbq reasil yne
must e agr~ds -~9
of hpr hest
Rcsolred, at hj