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WI L L R,.
Two Dollars in adva c, Two'Doll and'1
Fifty-,cepts at- the e piration of six mo lis, or
Three6Dbllars at the end'ol the year."
No paper dihcontinueduntil all arrearages
are paid, unless at'the option of the Proprieto4
I--rAdverlaienents 4psorted-at 75 ets. per.
squatre, (14 lines or leui;) for' tho 'trst sAd"
half that oum for eabh subsequet.insei on.
Kr.:'The numberiof insertions to emkOd
-on allyMvertisements or they will'be ptibsh-'
cd until ord.red to begdiscoptmudnd
9-rOne Dollar persquare for a-'single in
sertion. Quarterly and Monthly Advertise
Tpents willlie charged the snie as a single
insertion, and semi-miontlily the satne as neOW
All Obituary Noticescexcd(eding six lines,
and Comipunicatio-Is rbcouiiieuding COndi
dates foi public offlis or trust-or puffing
Exhibitions, will Vi,, chiarged as Advertise
1.I7All letters by mail must be paid to in
sure punctual attendance.
- "Ammonin,.Licbig maintains, is a bo
dy not indebted to or-mism fordts being;
lat it is to be classed with ice aind potashi,
ioda and oxygen, whose quantity withimi
the organism of plants and aninals, anud
without, is in generul terms, constnit. i1e
holds that when required physical proper
ties have beengiven to a soil; and the ne
cessary ihorganic ingredients, in suitable
solubility the ammonia and carbonic acid,
with healthV flalls of raii will provide
Tho plain Eiiglish of the above theory
is, that the orgaized carban and nitrogen
in manures, of vegetable and animal ori
gin,. are of' little or no oerounat in the
growth of good crops of grain, grasss, tar
roots. Rains and dews wiill yield to cul
tivated plants all the annonia and carbo
nic neid-thnt they need; leaving the far
mer no greater task than to pulve'rize his
soil, and give it 'the required physical pro
perties, and necessary inorganic ingredi
ie -nts.'' We are not prepared to assert
that this view of the growth and nourish
ment of vegetables is not true; but we can
say that its soundness lacks evidence to
un extent which'should make one hesitate
before hie ndopts the thecry for the pur
pose of making it the basis of a system of
Does Pro Iorsford fidi abundant evi
dence that Ammonia exists in the atmos
phere independent of the quantity given it
by decayinr orgnnized bodies which am
monia fialls in rain snow, and dew to the
carth in larger quantity than plants and
animals furnish to the air?--l this ex
cess of available nzore [nitrog-n] ade
.(luate not merely to Ibel nll vegetables,
growing spontaneously on the eari, but
to supply the much larger demanmds ofi a
wheat crop equal to 00 bushels per acre?
Unless every acre oi a whole contiment
possesses this excess of ammiaonia, equal to
two or three times the qtuantity furnished
by forests and natural mealows, and re
(juired by them in their organizatioti how
can once receive a larger supply, except
by human agency?
It is much to be regretted that our State
Agricultural Society does not use a small
portion of* the thousand of' dollars it an
nually receives from the public, to deter
um1inothe. practical value of' Ammonia,
both without the addition of the phosphates,
sulphantes and chlorides fbunzd in the ashes
of' wheat and other crops. For the last
thousand dollars paid in premi ohr
corn crops, in this State by its several So
cieties, we cannlot see wiherein one niew
fact of' the best value has been brought to
light. "Saich would not be thte ease if'
premiums were offered to gain -inf'ora-a
.tion in thp little explored fields of the or
ganism of dultivated plants anmd domestic
uiinils. ' Not a single dollar has ever
been given to encourage investigations in
vegetable andl phylology. Men that de
vote their mnney to tihe iportat ion of ex.
pensive applaratus, undl their timec to maak
ing rescarches into these subjects, imust
work for nothing and find themselves, if'
they live in the State. Is this wise? Is it
just?---Pure sciene, unmingled with pr'i
'vate specul~ation-science, that looks only
to the public good cnn find neither land
nor buildings in the Eampire State which
it can occupy without paying a runious
One word more on the subject of' am
monia. Before Mr. Ilorsford went to Eu
-op~e, if we mistake not, heo was present
at un Agricultural Meeting ini the Geologi
dal Rooms of the old State 11Ij0l, A lbany,
itt which Mit H-umnpharey, thena Mpyvor oif
thme city staited that, on two acres of' the
naturally sterile sandl plains tna' thuat
city, lie had raised 120 bushels of shelled
iorn simply by putting a handf'ld of scrap
ings of horns obtained at a comb fhctor'y,
in each hill at planting. Oananother acro
hard by of equnl qualhty onm whie b no horna
shiavingsrt were app~liedl, thet yild wats theni
15 bushiels. Did the lharage amount of
aimmoltni, furnished on the decay of thais
highly nitrogetnous substanico, do no good
in the way of augnmetog thto crop f'our
forld? Wec should like to hear' something
farther' on this impertant subject, f'rom our
friend Prof H..---.Genese Farmer.
As a bird cannot fly with one wing, so a
smart girl cannot enact the co'inette wath on
ly one lover.
h' Mille eVII1orm i
eyoth ?iin..a ed
for pr*ej. 1fvl Ingh Potfites for .56ed
througl wig iter, which, front ott
experieide, ie knoe to be un.
expnsi1..Th sitson for dag witi
i's passed, but'we n Iv theless publisi
MrLe sdrectonev wnay pro
>f si soneffour "ext yea
The meio iisthis:
Aboift ilth of p-r when the
V11s bgcom rfctlyn c a g My PO
tatoes wiyth sproutg ho, I g careful
't.-tocut,1or ii kny nannr to brnisc
thirni. I next dry t hem el'ectually in1ica
suneshine, taking care by.covering tbi
over with boardsaimiglrthat no rain oi
dew Fulls u pon tlem'dni'iig the prpeepsol
drying. When they lNave taken tlye suI
two or three days and are thordisghl)
dried, I piepare a circular.4bed, a littje
elevated~ifi the centre of Ahe patchi
which the pptetoes grew, suflioleiotly-larg<
to.hold as ariiny potatoes as Twish'to pre
serve for my seed. I theo procure som<
chiaffy dry stablewmnnure, such as usuall:
collects under the trouavh or in'9iie corn
era ofthe stable, (and the rier the better,
and sprinklc it on the bed t(- t'u dpih ..o
two inches, preissiithe hill.with a shoy
cl or spad6 as c6mpactly as possible..
hithn put ona thick - coating of oat ah
wheat stran; and cvor all up with com
non soil to the depth of 20 Inches or tw
feet. No shejtr or otliAoieering is ne
cessary to preserve then ough the wol
test and cbldest wint r.
When lJantiog timin 'arrives, draw th
dirt awn' with a weedglibeoi nld thd-pc
taoes will be found as yellow,.sotnld an
dry, ns when covered upih the' faill..
I will renmirk that I hva never fiailer
and never know any one fail, in keepin
Irish potatoos througbthe winter senso
who Cifully parided the foregoing .d
reeons mn putting them up.
If'those who are in the habit ofbuyin
their seed potatoes every spring, becau1
they have eot been able heretofbre to prn
serve them through the winter, will pu
-sue strictly the directions above given,
is my opinion that expense they will ne
or have to incur again, but will b obvi.
ted CiM.Ctually... lfsuch peronas will fo
low my advice and fail I w->u!i not lS
tato lere to undertake to p:-y 1)or the
secd myself, or furnish them withol
Fromt the Smith Cariliian.
MONTHLY CAIENDAR OF 10
FOR NoVEM ER. -
Pr :s.-The first crop of pens may I
planted abou(at the commencement of th
amionth. It is usual to begin with ear]
varieties, as the Frames, Charletons at
Hotspurs: we prefer however to plant
this nime the Dwarf Marrowfht and Dwa
Inperial. The Iothers will come in
blossom too early, and be likely to I
killed at that time, for the'yare most to
der when in blossom. Towards the oi
of the nmontlh a general crop may be pidq
ted. The best early varietirs, are
Douable blossomau Framcs, Eerty Charl
tons and Bishop's Dwarf, the latetr is tii
very best for a small garden, especially i
in a city, as it does not grow more thai
12 or 18 incbes high- They may ther
fore ho planted in rows 19 inches apari
1and1 dlropped so as to have onae plant ever;
2 or 3 inaches, for they-branach very mutcI
nilare very prolific. The othaers mas
be llanted ina rows 4 fl-et apart. Thesi
rows may be eitheqr planted single or dou
ble; if' thme formier, let the pens occupy
spauce of 6 incheas ina width. If you huav
two rows, let these be about nine Inclie
apart, and1( the peals dIroppedl ina a lino; be
tween each dotuble let there he ait least
.feet space. For successinal Cromps, plan
the Dw~arf Marrow hit, Dwarf Imnperial
Prussian Blute, and Knight Matrrow fat
As these growv haiter, they will reqiuir<
f'rom ( to 8 feet betweenithe rows. Thes
slauld have bushecs stuck along the rowv,
asso sthey areO 0-inhsigtou
port lthem. This shouald not be neglected
h:A S.-Anmy of the varietie's of t ia
IVicia P'1uaI~l ma .~yo be planted. Th'l
varieties uasually sown, are the early Ma
zaigon, Windsor, and Early L ieboni
I hive rows ade three fi-et ias;ualer, an
dropj the beans 2 (or :i inches apart.
anAs.-You moay vt t rotmsplna
ouat Caibbages for spr-ing use, i f von hav<
nieglecte'd in former maonthas. The plan11
shiouldl be fromi European seedh. Yoi
may also sow seeds, but they will nee<
pirotectioni from the coldh wleaither, esp-ci
ailly when they' first comec up.
TJun NJrs.-lIf yoau cani obatain Euarope
ani seeds, we wvouldh advise that somelt hJ
plne eamrly this amotht. If they suar
vive the wvinter, you will have~i them fit
ini thme spig wheni thaose from A me rient
seedh are runin to ee. A little strav
throwna over ito beds, will protect rhenr
im severe weathle r.
SrINAenI.--Some more spianteh may b<
sown should it be needed'I, or the first croj
have haikd from any causo.
CARmoTS.-Ift desiroius of having a suc
cession of youang Carrots, fora soup, &c.
a few may still be matured. Thaerei
not however much ebano of success un
less thae winter be mnild.
Larrhe.-You may cont inuec to se
ocut Let tuce asu they will yet succeed ver"
well For iretioa se forem-ata~dh)
o6Maist iiii ihef should noit 1 pele
ted any long Pr directions 4e6
AS'AHaUGUS B ---Should'now bo attc
ded' to, the all cuWlown, a largo
3pntity of ttnure spread ovcrthOjed,
w'hkih shouf be wel turned up WAja
1W 0 MA N-!
Tis not in hours bf sa
-That wotymi's love is -
But wherd weipine irsadnes,
Neg!e Od ad lope.
<,Tie tio h pies in odibrightest,
M- ith all ve love,
rhearta is jightest,
Can we ealuo prove.
But whenmthe ties are broken
Which bind us unto earth,
And by the world forsaken,
We rhusrcan feel hbr worth.
1um the New Orleans E.ening Meraftry.
No mirbe~slab above him 'i,
No tokn greets her.longing eye,
To tell where sieeps the stricken one,
A-widowed nother's only son..
Cold, old in..death the soldier sleeps,
Ard to his hienr the death-worm erPopF,
That-heart in de:ith now cold and t ill,
That living'knew but glory's thrill.
No or.1 of praisnlfs country gnve,
And vet. he.died his land to save;
Unshrlkingly his broast he bared,
And fearlessly the peril diffd.
"Captin DAca re, tall youaeo
my Government despatch and my law
'Go below! you frog eating; sailow fa
con wretch,' was the only replv of the
O r oghwvra sail wsdescried
on the edge of' the distant horiz'on. lier
gradually increasing sizo gave tokoen that
- she approached--and, as she neared to
trn of the yankee were seen.
s Captain Daicre, wvith glass iin hand, had
-! observed her from a mere speek, anid as
II soon ais he was satisfied that she was an
t American, gave vent to the wilest ex
pression of j y. He paced the deck with
exutigsep-swrehe would take tha
ship in fifteen inuIItes--..and to crowni hmis
aniticipatedl trimnphjd, directed that a hogs
head of' molasses be hoisted uiponi deck, to
-j treat the d-d yanikees.
.[St rang~e as it may appear, this order
fias ateally obeyed. AndII at alnost the
( irtth ostitut ion, 'truck the hogshiead,
-its Contenits spire'ading oveLr 4he dlck, con-)
.l ducd, no0 doubt, to the Guemrriere's d6.
.Our Frenchmagn, w ho wags meanawhile' a
t silent, though not an unintierested observ
o r of wvhat was piassing! bekb'- him, ->gain
t puSt on1 his most winnsz on-,andn:
ioi1 'apti Dacre, sare, wvid your pt rmis.
- in1stay uon~i de' deck amnd see de fight.'
'Go to the deil!' ressumag.d tIe vain
- an silf . eineitedl boa ster-nor~ bos,ied ig
pncparations5 1e a bold an~!~ dauia a
3. )Our hero, w~5a 10on snTugly ensiconced
3 amon1 st the rigging; and1 a two vessels
U ontinue~td gradluamlly and14 silently to- ap..
ilproatch eachl otheru. Thelu Constittition
haItvmlg no0w got within reach of the enie
my's long gunis, the scenIe t hat ll owed
> IS deOscribed1 by the lively Fn, nehman:
'Captain Dacwre lie sait dhis way, and( den
-lhe sail dat way, and den hie go--boom?
,'De) Yankee uman, ho say noting, but
;still keep connn.
- 'Again Captain Dacre sail dlis way, and
dlen he sail dat way, and again hie go
'Ennn. do nknL- ig 10) 10)
n t firin Jid cennd.r
pied 'ofle offic ik& mo, and Q lp
D I ndiig a d.- The
Ot tpo mu ar (at t. I
ed uponjuim aiPn instant. He ;.rushed
upon 64k; adl 'fidb f ina
Jibertye cape'i one ss
se ially 7 ancingo no. mute
ani,.len Dacr , h , ith an hat
d&4eabur humble pen, -
11u tell me, sare,j fMi take din ship in
fiuleen~ minute, iby ga e take yaM
Now, sare,' added heiwith. lnW',and
.ldfer mphlisis, 'hank youfor an.
rn~iz de.patci; and law boo (
A,'SCIIEDULE OF ALtI
1. Apalachicolas, -4. O
2. Belantseeteas, nedias,
3. Caddoeos 3 sages, Gr
4. Cahokias, "Little,
4 Clhayennes8 1 37 Ottawas,
6. Cherokees, 38' Otto 0
7. Chickasaws, 39. Patt ne*
8 Chippewas, 40.georia
0. Choctaws. 41. PIinkeshads,
10. Coinanches, 42. Poniarais
11. Oreeks, 43. Potcars,
12. Crows, 44,. Pottawaton
13. Delawarbs, 45. uapaws,
14. Fel Rivers, 46. Ricaras,
15, Floridas, 47. Sacs,
16. Foxes, 48. Seminolds,
17. Innkpapas, - 49. Seneknas,'
18. Illinois, 50. Seeih N'jons i
P Kanzan, Shawinees,
1I. Kaskaskias Sines,
34ahas, 54Six ..Tations of
M3.Aoznonest, 'r 5.Stockbridge
Menegpinies, 56. Tainarois,
dG. iadhis . 57, Teetone,'
27. Alinnetarees,' or 58. Tusdarorias
28 Missouris, O0.Wiie
29. Mitchigamnias, . lito
30. Mohawks, 02. W d s,
31. Munstces, 63. Yanjtons,
32. Muscogees, 64. Yanctiie
The United Stae i haye formed treaties
with all the.precedin tribes of ndidsfro
t he year 1778 fo1837.The Dela*arc mn
the first treaty, and the Choctaws and Chik
asatys the last. There are other tre'
mado up td1844.
For superintendents, agents, annuities, and
other expenses, the United States pay over
two milions of dollars annually i a for
A7OUcinNG IcID T.-A friend has
communicated to U*i the following: A
.s1On of' the 'Rev. Doctor Goulding, wiho
was one of the Gorgia regiment of Vo
lunteers, whilst at Vera Crtuz, saw a Tes
tiamnt lving among btneyieubbish that
bad been thrown out, aid 'picked it ip,
aiscoveredilupon looking through'it, the
nameof.Brown, with the nancs of the
places through which his company hid
passed on their march to the seat of ivar;
begining witif barnwell, Charleston, &c.
'hle last place named was the Island of
"Lobos. It was ascertained tlia"ts owner
died at Vera 'Cruz. Mr. Goulding put
the Testament in his knapsack, and con
siderately brought it back home with him,
when his regiment was discharged; and
sont by, his brothier-in-law, thie Rev. Mir.
Reid,'who nIded it to the Rev. i Hen
ry, who ha's, crc this, no dloubt pliced this
precious memento of' a dlear son, in. the
hands of' the pious, bereaved father, Col.
Brown, of' arnwell.
Whatt feelings is this incide~nt calculd.
ted to bring uip. This treasure contairis
ing the plad tid ings of' the Gift of' a Mer
cif'ul God to his fallen creatures thus care.
fully preservedl, to the latest moment of
his life, by thisa young man ;- receiving
comfort in his last moments, it is reasonsi
ble to believe, frorg itslieavenly teachings,
when nto other friend was near ; and-at a
Itirne when, although his 4ifj'ring bolly
was far distrntt fr'om those h'e niost loved
on earth, yet lhe wvas taught resignation to
his ae, and the aspirations of his latest
breath uist have been fr lessings n
thenm. May this same book be treanired
up, and may its consolations be abunilant
f riends. . What pangs .has this auptlysedl
war not brouighl to andnnf iedff..in our
land ? An 'aw ful . responsib1itiy rests
llow -rO GEr amll Or A PLACE-HZUNTElR.
--One of' tho Secretaries of' State for the
United States struck out a good irnode of'
getting rid ol' an intrjider ini a particular
case. It aippears that the door keep~er of'
obliging, wvhich proved quite the theingfor
a rabid oflice-ee~ker, who managed to got
in every day and bother the secretary.
W hen the anntoyance had continued three
or fbur days, the secretary 8teppe~d up) one
morning to the dloor-kceeperg andl ingqgired
whether he knew w~ that man came
after daily. ' Yes,0 kd theu functionary,
'an officee, I suppose.' ''True ; but (10
you know wvhat office ?' ' No, sir*.' WVell,
I will tell you-he wants your place?'
'I'ho meeting next morning betwen the
otlico-seeker and the polito door-keper is
said to have been rich, from the peculiar
manner in which the intruder was infor
mned the tieercinry wns not at home
r i n a 4
per g e - fli
A3t hbad beirs~ bei ~ ri
t- it Ltf
n.i~ ib~5d indt
hper e ti d u een
uwas. Jnt WWI lzgjI~
nthe mo inst ''Mav b
61ha hwd h hig ,dckn
ters,~ to bevur
'What~ d o ou. rh
should I m vts
IAnd tv rtimrylf, , the
pked d He , a
-~ ~ ~ A. C16U
c osmfort me, a Jmtlerdi t. d
look aten,' say hena is pnsth
.t ' -hd aptho
Caea why, 1dboard he oans, oodl
n ' ifk C n ,ht
aysrs, to be sure'l I sa e
A~loner do it fe g hit
youause ;iidoh ior,
ad ti t-n Lr m'as '
that borestieK yse Ci. tle
A okled Herrzic.a erti toy
codhort mei aendh fra
gotin my sack;, Qyts; sad_,W Le'*.A
took ataing,' says h e and eoinist.e. -
SOch-thundrreand isiie t ...
see it l you thesa was Meb y d
Carney, ys I, .itboard the P JDoodlof -
'sTackt 'Mik 'ney, the everyf the
worjust says hei 'hat a blikeg.id he
must be t oive thait you ndthei .
a Am i hethad itMoe-oyes'
a one o a theshe heinl thtMustri td
t Me Icas'll I Ad'06 sce li
you abused' eldsoe eiicy d
e'nd 66 ij*x 'a'~be a' yo-l a- n
Pe;' &R~ e same- 6tU~~ lag 01
rbesfyuity;'w es emty; nev e head- ,4
that. bre thediof i the hAre tise
If we had o- otthisa wnt Ihng j.aporil
He wmoul .ve iiur g t hwdoubolt a u ldhe -
A.LOSE CRc- eaiklawita
had hia prtrait taken in his ftrlte a't ,
tud, standing with one aind inn hiih.!i
-its a frien andiits asVhet to
her hred ad pepaedT DitlO
him.'. An old faier only dissented.
"Taint like?' Jeclaimed every ihoi.
-just sheW us wherein 'taint like.' o
'Taint like, no 'taint, reisp6nded
old frmr: 'don't yoe ma'e haexthis
Ha havispocket u f'anld bfosoiie'
agin fihd it in somep hlse's
"Breeches -of faith, 16~,d' Mrs
Partinifitonas'e huthe yeled
to Mexicans o6 to ramisticete
wonder creatt tgbI
te r mdtell of nd. Shlowe r
c'ryhe of 'Frive him !' H-nevrhorl ol
notbrie, ofustiias th~e Aerthfa
wemio., Surely, oeo Gdn' faint
did hi-P~rgas Buleytin. ngng
beanut said thred daugter a rsehno
andldid't~d thiei r6inr mean~ i
they aystron ther -casuire fandseliu o
Whiy thedancy, repred ah qM ne1la.
aofrin oraoefet.a strsverthi.
theysay feingys o' thes man der W
it's not ordsytiat~cTy' f? W
e now. I'v te knowi nd pesn't
-omayd hae fotgh hanl frone t
ndsh, the-id ui donlkt kno swhre
yoakr ting abou~t.~h
yoe hi ma, moemen heyldd mak
speelhos ta abioustoral theibraotu fath
ers -one~yt14 'rt