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VOLt W l * ,ttoh A, DECEMBER 15 1847. NUMB
D EVERY WE3ESDAY .ORNING.
ILLIAM J. FRA NIS.
T ER IM3S _
Two Dollars in advance, Two Dollars and
Fifty-cents at the expiration of sik moriths, or
Three. Dollars at the end ol the year. .
No paper discontiued until al arrearages
afipaid, unleis Aitthe option of the Propriet'.
jAdvertisements inserted at 75 cts. per
square, (14 lines or less,) for the first and
half that sum for each subsequent insertion.
-rDXThe number of insertions to be marked
-on all Audortisentents or they will be publish
ed until ordered to l e discontinued, and
0:One Dollar per ~ uare for a sihfle in.
:sert ott Q.uarterlydfi nthly Advetige
znen. vill 4d energd At alWit 09
insertion, ad stnmi-noithly the si .
A1 Obituary Notices exceeling six lines,
.! Communications recomendmg Candi
dates fir public otli.-s or trus--or pulling
Ex hbitions, will be charged is Advertise
tiTAll letters by uinil must be paid to in
,ure punctual atteatdance.
The subscriber placled into hands on Sui
Ay the 'd Agust, last, a letter enclosing
it One Hundred Dollar Bill of :he llanik of
the State of South Carolina. The Bill It %d
bee I torn in two and either pinned togeah ,r
or pI.-te I. In the m tite Letter was eiclesad
, 1!1 Oil 'Lho:is I Itnm oil Which n
.sissignmeint wais made by ihm to John I t. Ili
in ; also an accoint of MgI )mean agitt
John 11. Dixin 'or S.4173 of whleltaconut w: s
receipted by MLomncan. 'Tihe letter w:s
dealed and directed to Joh: 11. I.)ixia 1ith I-.,
villa. Tie money and papers were enelesed
in the presence of W. T. Spai and %u% ap
sont Sanders, and delivered to wpsoe Ksn
-ders in the priwsne of \Villiam T'. Span.t,
with particular chtirge to Swepson 1anleis
not to loose the letter and coitentts an I I
ciirged him several times in tlhe) pre.nice 0f
W. T. Spanin, to he very rarefIul of ile letier,
which he promised faithfut lly to deliver to .1.
I1. Dixon. It is said the letter was lost hte
.3epson :mders on lis way from his the.- rs
lo John IT. Dixons. All the Iiks and in:
viduals wiho m:iv receive 1 lIdi of said de.
cription. wvilI picanc in vestigate when Ith
person received the Bill. I would give :t
reasoniaIe Reward fOr the moneuy and papers,
ang wil! give the whole of tlhe ionev it a
discovery is mradIe tlit the letter waits lroken
opent and the motney t:ktn fromo it; for I am
determined to bring the pemrson guilty to such
punitslment as the laws u Soutli Carolina
provides in such eases.
W.\M. H. BONVEN.
Sept. 14, 1847. 1
TO 1HE PU-IWAC.
From a notice in the Stitner l'Ik'iidted
September 14th, Ca pain W. I1. 11.n , ei
dently intimates, anIId wishos the public to be
lieve, that mlly sm, Sweplson S iners, (a youth
of sixteen years of age,) broke openi anid
took from a letter, he had entrusted to his
care, for Mr. Jol 11. I)ixon, a one huindred
dollar hill. The annexed certifiente, from a
gentlemnrin, who w:t: w.t h mv so:i, from the
time he left my house, mil' tle letter was
lost, I deem sutlicrient to show, that. his insin
uations, were altogether ground!ess. .1r.
John Dfixon, the gentleman with whom imy
son was boarding, at the time, for Ihe purpose
of going to school, hard ito sitpieom, but that
the letter wasi lust, by acideit or the care
lessness incident to viti. 1: Captain Io
wen, had adilertised the leuer. without en
deavoring to inji r2 the reltuta ion of moy sort,
and the monev could not have ben recover
ed, I would not have hiesitated, to make Wood
Nov. 1:2, 19-17. JOiN SAN1)ERS.
I do certify that in the latter pirt of Al rust
last, I left the hoiis of Mr. Jlohn SanIders in
'o1ipay with lits son, Sweson S'indmrs, ri
d:i.' iln a buaiay to.relmr. Afta' on sormne
in een or foutrteen-miles, Swepison Sminders
0 ~elaiunedl I lhave lost a letter conrtaiin mirrii,
ney iior Mr. I 'i.wni. \Ve imnrme liatel v turned
back, and ro.!" nuH: afteor nig~ht <'amte onu,
wvithout being : a to find the letter. I thlen
proposed to S. Samnlers, to ret urn bactk to my
fathers, aind go ::ick enry in the morning ini
search oi thne !-: r. Ile didi so, mul ai lie
informtteu me, cona lier nothI ing~ of it. I ali
contideat the heiter was lost accidentailly, as
I samw rn th" iossiont of S. San ders, a
shnd .' - v: we hins I her's bonsue.
Z/il.\l!IM.\AN STLUCK Y.
N ov. 1'2, I' 17. 1 t f
A. WI H ITVE a; (C.
D:.; i!:ve to informi their ir.:nds and the
pub!! generally h-at ahey hiave just receiveid
fro-t New York and P'hilaide!lphir---.-ind will
.sell on as reasonalhe teirisas t they cang lie
obtained anty where ini this mritX"--a lairge
aind rupietda asri:nu :.
satM forir din F'il TPride, con.-: irjg of
.\l: e, C am r s, (' iicuien, linenr, Shirt.
. ahti:-.'a Iio.;euponi ; Itrojad
- ',eanl T u-M id .lerrs, N'egro
clio i., M .. I m, . . every dtc r aptini.
Also, a .rge a'ssortmnt of I latsi anid Capjs,
Roots ail Shtace, Staitiontery', Sarddlery, tig
gima, Rope and1 Tin ie; Iihrdware, (ie ry,
Grto eries, &c. &,-. of the limos: appronived
quality. P'ersoins wishinog to tiakei purchia
sos wll do wiell to call aund examutiie for
&p. 20, 18417. 47 t f
A. Co WA Y,
T1hae subscriber, thiatkful for patst favors
begs leave to inform his friends aml the piubllic
generally that lhe has just received a full as
sortmient of French and Entglishi Cloths,
C'assimers and Vestings. Also, Gloves, Cra
vaits, ihnlkerhio's andi susuentlors.
Oct 23, 19t7.
yur ordii r. .XGo, -, irst rite SilKIYt
ANt I i ARNES~S of Reynold's make, very
little used. Trho terms wvill be liberal aind
accommnodating. Apply to
A. J. MOSES.
Frd the outhern duniralor
Messrs. 'Editors.-Du'itig a laWtour
im the South, Ispent a day at the house of
at largo lanter in the vicitily of. Geor
gia; and-'bosides being gratifiedrwith the
'example of Southern hospitalltf ' llbe
railly d'splayed, I was cnlightened.and ini
structed by viewing the system and per
feet ordyr observed on a farm of great
imiagnitude, as well as tho method adopted
in the culture, which to me was unique,
and I believe, unknown elsewhere. And
although it is in opposition to the princi
pie of 'change of crop,' so almostuniver
sally riQ dtaiedgd very generally
' j A o i t 1o ,n a f fo r d f o d
iiust rone out of that, to a iortainty.
The intelligcnt owner informed me, lie
had been on tihe plantation five years, du
ring which Ie had never changed the
crop on any part of the land; his prac
tice being as follows. After dividing the
farm into two equal parts o 200 acres
each, one for the growth of cotton, and
the other for corn, he planted corn on one.
of these portions at live feet intervals,
with about twenty feet between the plants
in (he rows, keepiflng clean, by cultivating
and hoeing; and it the time of the last
working, ie threw out the soil frim, ih
middIC Of Iach intervatl, 11aving n o:n
furrow, exposedi to tih subs il. Alter har
vest of he corn, this fuirrow was stroulk
out dfeep) by icans of tins double-mut lild
plow, aid into it wtre closely packed tie,
corn stubs from ti" :aljo'ninir row, On
which, after being spNrinnk lei with a corn
post, in which lime aind salt forme] by far
the )rilcipal ingrediens. two f'urrows!
were turned, nid permied so to lie until
the spring. when they were pulveriz ii,
and corn w plantd, by dropping at pro.
per distanecs on them; afler which the
remainder of* the land between the rows
was plowed and work inl the regtular way;
a 1urrow being tinrowineI out in tihe mii
die of the initerstice. again to rece ive- tine
corni stubs and coitimpst afler Inrvn tad!
in/iniiua. Il Io added, his erops of corn
had regularly incresed inn quiatity and
quali:V silnee he adopted this plan, the
lind beinig decidedly improved by the
The sname process mad been adopted in
thle culro ottn, C with Ihie samne higl
lV beneficial results; the decaved cotton
stubs, nler being bieaten down and raked
into the open furrow, being substituted for
the corn stubs, and rceciving the samne
dressing of compost and a coveritng of,
eardh, by turningii a ubl furrow upon
themii. As proof* of thle de-cided advani
tage of such tratiment, li- iinformned he
ial begun by% plan'inigh Iik otton at three
it et d istaice btwe i the rows, but been
coiinii't-ed to widen tine il rvals to five
fut; his pmnits at firsi m-atsurmg four
icet inl ineigit, now remcihnig seven, andil
0fien miore; tie cotton of first qunality,
and comiandlinng the best prices in tie
narke't. On iennrkiin the clean 1ad
neat appearance of tle hind, withit the
prseinice fi a weid, lie observed, he had
no1) ialnr any11 uijlicullty in kieeping it so,
thi' weeds having linig sin.e e'xhnustled hv~
such regu.nlar aind lioroghn culturn e; while
Ie in ni 1e 14 Salt in snh profision, Pre
vented th grwth()I llofhoe tha.t mig otl.
erwise spring fromn the1 compost eiployed.
This mode ofI mananeomeriiiint perocceds
upon tine Frine systemnz of' slf-reinova.
tionl, and14 wtouhl seem1 to) prove [lte truthl of
ilie axiiom. -Ti l best and most nmaturmal
hdrissingt ihr' :1e iuturi crip is thne r'emainns
ofi tihe tbrn'n r,' andl if* this bei iud cor
rmet, of' au rnuth one-nmli lthe Ilbor of pre-.
parning t;or and wor'kinng those crops, coul
lie diins d wuithn, lby tine puerpet ual sys
temnn of' Iilowing tine landnu, and tine extracn
tion of' wenils. Woui your readierrs give
thei r opilnion on a suibjiect, novel inrn
eiile, ais wiell ais practice ?-J. WV. in the
Wet coipy the abiove, biecnause wie have
seen corn grno(wn after tihe systemn nameid,
with great ceononmy andi success. We
see ii no reason whly cottin may Inot lie culi
ti vated on mthe samne phmn. It is not einonigh
ton appljy baie and sailt to floor sils, in ad
ditijon to all tine cotomn aind cornn plants,
beuside thant poion of' thnem sent toi manmrket.
here' is a smnali amouint of' sulphur and
pho~sphiorouis in tine kernels ofi aiizi',
Iw hieich iher' lime, salt , inon the stem is,
c'tils oir blaiides of' the bhlade' can supi~ply.
ini goud wils, by thei applhiention of mll the
outiher eleume'nts riiepuil to ihrnm thie dropl,
thne sman~li poriiititn ofc :h n ihsphioramtes amuii
of corn, iat eetatd rmteerh
Ourn res .mreh- s ail expeien'i~ce, ho we'vern,
go to prove thamt tine g rims, or -chiits' of'
of' tinis iplantare' tihe orngans w hoisi indius
pienisaible elemnents it is mostu~ diflicult to
furi'nishn (in pool'r lands. Whec'n n anmeuse
eats out line gem of a keni' of corn lhe
obetaiins bone earnth, (a nnmieral withount
which it coul hanmve no bonenis.) ans well as
tine organnizedl nitrnogen, sulphnu r aund plhns
phoru'ts f'ouds in its musclt'es, bra'in and
ner'nves. Thne othmen' piorntis of tine ker'
aet cuonlsist miiinlyV of' siarnch, ci, andl sun
gin', on which aloi mne no aninmal enn1 Subist.
Annosherieair un w *tr w mspp y
tine elemnnn' ts iof lie b ;w'yew4,bl. pro
duic'ts. lin whn ve ui en A 4 ii ii
con phii t, oir r'ather min nugh oef 'thei2, to
maknie'f ti shels of' co'n on ian acre, wiuth
the elenment whliebn God has app ointed to
form the bones, brains, aind lean mn at of'
.all animals thant cn suhlnst on nmaize,
Ithen you must search the soil verv close
1 i iblethatntiiio not be ar
ti ally applied',oai ' to, narve
60 blishels .of' crn; t hutc and
sulphates rnust- not b o d. Fifly
pound-of bone dust nd . weight of
gypsum may suflice'on goIls to sup.
ply the lucking nier' ound in the
seeds of this tant uahould
be fermented or rottd, d.id refullv ap.
plied wiithiu reach of thei r its of grow
ig cotton plants;. kl gre.t fact should
never be lust siglt of, that it vill always
take the same- eeniCnts to.n the seeds,
staple, stems and leaves o tis plant. each
year, to the end of tims ."Hence, they
should be husbanded with.ticeasing care.
Nrum the Conec i Observer.
TilE THREE LITTL GRAVES.
I sought, at twilight's pen eve hour,
The path whiich anourners tread,
Where many a marble-stolie reveals
The City of the dead;
The City of the dead,-where all
From feverish toi! repose;
Wh.ie round their bedls, Ohe simple flower
In a sweet profusion bluws.
And here I mark'd a plenant spot,
Enclosed wili tender c. re,
Vhlere s' lby .'inl, three .afants lay,
TIP i'y t.-ana tlere
No:- wee.l n'r jraai.e r ils'd its head
Sa r ihe h.. .* i -ene,
.h I 'ivii : a . .:a ine thought,
\l h L . g. 'ht i..r 'green.
The ealesi wi i a goutie girl,
ihe sank as rise-bitis fall,
And then two httie brothers Caim1,1
They were the:r parent'Ls all,
Thoir pa4eis a01- !-an -., how oft
The moan of sickness rose,
1Jefore. ; w itli these tairrow milotinls,
They found a long repoie.
Their cradle-spots, beside the hearth,
At winter's eve, are o'er,
Their t-ieiful tones so ftiul of mirth,
lDlglit the ear nu intre,
Yet .At0 die thrilin ecdo lives,
And meiny a lispi.nr %wJ
Is tre-isur'd in ualletio n'F heart,
By grieving memory &irr'd.
Three lit!e graves !-!Piree little graves
Come hither, ye whosre
Your bhooutmiig liee s aound you smile,
A bissiul compainy.
And or those childlesaparents think
With syinpathising fam,
And sooth then with a saviour's words,
"Your dead shill rise again."
Frm the Allantu 67t tameiprise.
TAKE A NEWSPAi'ER.
Winter is coming with its long evenings
and cheerful firesides. The howlng blasts,
drifting snow and other comeomitants in the
region of the ice king, will soon shut up the
attractions of the outer werld, and revi.e the
endeanrents of the dome.4eic hearth. The
family circle, that has been broken liby the de
ranging influence of the bus.css season,
when toil and fatigue have coured an early
repc-e, will again tie niiitel, anl a season of
recreauoni for the iitelleeial and social pow
er 1 ill ensue. The Ind ii1mst have iomd,
with .s. amusetnetts, or ele it becomes mor
bid and senseless-imd wh.t a never failing
frmiain 4or its .iprovement is provided in the
Ainoniiag our earliest recollect'ons of delght
is uingled the arrival of the post-rider with
his weekly treasure. ilow our hearts beat
With joya as we heard his horn sound ii the
distance, eoralding his approach-and whein
the prize was drawn 'roin his well stored sad
dle-hags, and thrown into the dloorvard of our
vonuthulitl home, whatt a scramlte ensued
atliolng the juvenuiile prt ioin of the hotisihold
for thle news.
Tiunies have ch-'iiged since thiose day'S, and
l ighutings, rail Iroads, sieeniiers, stagecs,&.
distribute the news thronighut the leingthI
andh breadlth of the countiv. TIhe world is
rife wvith news, and there is iio excuse now
for a want of intelligence any nt here in the
T1ake a newspiaper, and you do mtore to so
curc'the morals of your chddlcrent and pirepiare
themi for future use line-s, w ithi two or three
duollars, than by live tinmes Ithamt amnojunt be
stowed ini another way'. It is ai duty wh> hi
every ' itheir owes to his faily and coiuntry
to ta -e a newvspa per. It cultivates a taste for
reaidinig anid spireads befo~re the ininids of the
rising generait on a chlart of the passiing
evenits of the age, which they will consulh,
an i sodm, addaily or wteekly to
their stock of knuowledge'. No person who
readcs a niewspiaper regiulirly and care. ully,
goes intoc the worhldW wliouit a knowvleuig oi
its doiangs that secures for himii iinteligenice
andi respiect. WVe say to every muan, andut eve
ry muani shoe ld say to his neimhbior '- ke a
1K. eping' lks in Neetcig.-W lien Mir.
Msl oy uii s cin ai por ii1,Iy to te western'
pai' rt f Alasih(ebus, 1:s, hi o.dl it oni ai bro
thter in thet imist ry. Con Saiyu, thiniiking
to sp nit the S .h' athi nt ii thim. it iiLagreen
tile. The mn upiii aretd t ery glad to see
himn, undt said,
I shldi be' very gladt to hiave you stop)
aitt i clacti llri iine toii isrrow, but I feel
at In-ast asliitue to) in k yu.
'Whyi, whait is the iatter?' said Mir.
''yor pepl have' got inlto suichi ia
habit of goinag ouit tbetire meuetig is closed,
that it seemius to be an hnupoisitioni on a
'If' that is aill, I must and wi// sto and
pireaich lfor you,' was Mr. Aloiwly's re ply.
Wh<i ni te S b.tii hat day iame, iandi Mr.
.\enody had1 cpened t meet oh, an 1 niamedt
is text, lie lookedl around otn tihe assembly
'AMy hearers, I tun going to speak to
two sorts of folks to-tday, suinfs aond sin
ncrs. Rinner, I nm going to give you a
portion first, and I would have you give
good attention.' Id . I
When he had prenoliced to them as long.
as ho thought best lib paused and said,- "
'There, sinners, I have (lone with you
now; you may take your hats iind go out
of the meeting house as soon as you,
please.' But all tarried and fieard.himt
Goversaore iMeSsage No. a.
November 25, 1847.
To the Honorable President,
- and Members of the Schat.
You are not unaware thdt-th phblic
mind hits been, through the past, summer,
and is still, under considerable excitement
upon the subject of Rail Roads; and
that large sums have been subscribed to.
wards the construction or some that have
been projected. Nor can you be igno
rant the public treasury is relied 'upon to
contribute, in some form or other, towards
the completion of these enterprizes; and
that' without it, some or all of them
must fitil; and it will be for you to do.
termine, whether these fair prospects
shall be blighted whilst in the bud, or ex
pand in full proportions under your foster.
The civilians agree thit the sovereign
power in a State is bound to provide hig -
ways for its inhabitants; and it is for tis
that the right of eminent domain is ini
pliedly reserved in 6very grant of terri
tory, qualified by our Constitution with
the reservation, that just comnpt'nsatioI
shall be awarded the individual owner, if
his property is used for public purposes.
No individual has the right to put even
his foot upon the soil of another, witliput
him conseit. The incapacity of individu.
als, tnd the absence of concert among
them, oppoie, generally, instipe!rable ob
stacles to the exercise of this power by
individuals; and it is, therefore, reserved
for the State. But the right to exercise
it does not impose on the State the obliga
tion to carry an highway to the door of
every individual; they are the main arte
ries, and communities must supply the
branches. The Sate may delegate this
power to individuals, but they will never
undertake the execution of it, without the
expoetation of reasonable remuneration;
and -when they will not, the questions,
when and where, and at what expense of
money and labor the State ought to do it,
are constantly addressing themselves to!
your judgment and discretion. These
Vestions mIay. bo .bst examiniie4 by _kep.
hbg entirely out of the view the aid that
may be caleulated on from individuals;.
and assuming that the whole burden is to:
be horne by the Stiate at hirge, what- no
cessity and what principle is to govern in
the selection of site for the road and the
anmount of' mone'y or labor to be expended
in its coins raction? The sAution may be
drawn from the practical concerns of
every day lifet, a planter living at a (Us
tance from a iarkit t road, finds the way
leading to it out of repair, intersected,
perhaps, by a creek or river frequently
imjpassible from high water, and he goes
about to estilitte what it will cost in mo
ney or labor to repitir the road, and build
bridtges, and compares that with the value
of the labor, or the amount of money it
will cost to transport his produce over it
in its present condition-and if in the re.
stilt it appears that lie will save by the im
provement, the interest on the money, or
valtie of labor to be expetided on them,
lie will, if wise, not hesitate to make
theni; tand thme State ought to be governed
lby the samte principile. T1hec only objec
tioni to it is, thatt its benefits are partial,
whilst the burthien bears equally through.
out the State. Let us meet this objetionm
thirly. Th'le benelits are in a degree una
equaml. lie who lives on the road side,,
is moi(re fortunatte thamn his neighblor who
lives five miles distanit, and, lhe ini turn,
miore fortunt, thino ho who lives wemre re.
miote. A re we for this reasotn to have no
publice highways at all? Will not the
traveller whao goes tent miles fr'oma home,
realize that the road over which lie tra
vels, wvretched as they generally are, was
made and kept in repairi by the labor of'
other hmand~s than his own? is lie not
bound, on the princeiple of' reciproeity, to
cotribute to the maintenance oft antother'
port ion of' the road on which he never tra.
vels, for the acconmnodation of' his neigh
bor? May the tenants of the sea coast
andmi the valleys of' the navigable rivers
antd creeks, fold their arms andl say to the
iihabitanits of' the mnountainis, nature has
supplied us highways to market, we are
comenlt, and~ you must provide for your
selves! A re we not children of' the same
fitmnily, andi ought we gr'udginigly to mena
surie out to each other muttual aid and as
s'stantce, by the selfish r'ule of' personal
TIhe qluestion, however, asumes a very
dlifren'mt aspect wuhien you are called up
oni to lend your midi in supplort of' an indi
vidumal enterprise in the prosecti on of an
iindertaik ing which, f'romn its ntu~ttre, must
le pmuctitive of' greatt and important
'iim ral benefits. Rauil Roads have the
ad vanitage over all other mode's of' trans
ponrtationi and intercommunication, at least
in t heiri cem t ittv and gatch, operating
as an iumene Jiing e r me, and1(, as our
exi e ior cc h is proved, ini the xpense al
so. WVithain my own recollection, the
time was (mand it seems hut yesterday,)
when tobacoo wvas ahlnost the only article
raisedl for export in the mnterior of' the
State, and the trans riatiin c! t from the
mountains, j1ylhere it was rost' irtjfjar
rown and t e be tq al,lit. b .a
5w n muse, over narroa pma"prov
roads, Was (ttednded by an- 1ese'a
bor almst equal toiguv ad s f
tinic equal at least,jao 6 e oJ**
The groWth 6eotfon ,itia d n i~r -
add d'nmtil wivth'n.a feVeurs Cli1
ber the tine consuned,.arid thelhbor aid
the money;.then expended in its transpot
tation from the. lnterior. Now it finds I
market in'Cheraw, Camden, Charleston",
end .Hamburg; and. there, too, are ro
ceived, in exchange die articles wanted
6r domestic 'corsum pt ion,'not grown o'r
manufactured in the State. And why is
this?C,'Obviously because of the improve
ments of the navigittion of the water
courses, imperfect. as they are, opening a
commuuidatioi between these-points and
the great mart, wholly at the 'ommon ex.
pense, and more recently by.the'establish
ment of the Charleston and Hamburg and
Columbia Rail Roads, at the joint expense
of the State and individuals. There is,
perhaps, no means of ascertaining pro
cisely 'what have been the savings, by
these means, in the transportation of pro
duce to market; but it cannot admit of a
question, that has been saved in every ar
tiele transported, and that every man in
the State, who deals in these markets; and
who has purchased a bushel of salt or a
pound of sugar, h'i :profited by it. Push
these improvements further into the inte
rior-spread out their arms-in sucihman
ner as to intercept the mountaineer in his
way to a market, and corresponding re
sults must Ibilow. These results point
mainly to the agricultural and co'mmercial
interests of the country. But other inte
rests of equal importanico are deeply in
It is known that inexhaustible mines of
iron, a mineral worth more than all otheis
that have ever been extracted from the
bowels of the earth, is found in the re
gion bordering on the mountains-and so,.
ton, of mnarble and lime, the one useful in
the mechanic arts, apmd the other not onmly
a necessary ingredient in architecture,
but a powerful agent in the improvement
of our soil, and there they must remain
forever buried, or their benefits limited
to a smiall territorial circle, uutil the fa
cilities ef transportuition shall enable those
disposed to develope those gre'aftresources,
td s2nd them abroad throughout the land.
The huni of the spindle and the fitful
movements of the shuttle are begining to
be seen and heard in the various sections
.of the. State. b3t.the will seediaLd
heard no more, uiiles ihY filities of
transportation are such as will. enable
them to meet the imporiations from abroad
in a common market, and w9 shall be left
to look abroad for manufactures of indis
rensable necessity. The want of the fa
cilities of transportation operates as a
chilling and blighting influence on that
portion of the State, by no means the least
inlerrsting and valuable. where cotton
caM.not be profitably grown. The soil,
rich aid profusely productive of all the
aliments necessary to. the,. subsistence of
animal life, the inhabitants are content
with their abugdance-the cost of trans
portation of any surplus to our cities and
seaboard where they would find a market,
being nearly or quite equal to the market
value-and that market is habitually sup
Quiet and secure from 'war's alarms,'
as we now feel, the time may come when
we shall be obliged to buckle on our ar
mor to repel invasion of quiet domnestic
strife. I low important is it, then, that we
should hmave theilities, which Rail Roads
only canm furnish, of embodying our uni
ted strength within a day or two at the
points whI ere duanger threatens.
There is anmother if not equally impor
tant consideration. Meni cannot live oni
patriotism alone, and however one may
love his coumitry for its own sake, lie will
seek that in which lhe can obtain the crea
ture comforts at the least expense of la
bor and money; and it is to be expected,
imdeed we know from our own experience
in the immense migrat ion of our citizen
to) the west and south w~est scime years ago,
they will seek a domnicil in those places
which afl'ord greater facilities of corn
mecrce and trade. Georgia, independent
of her facilities of water transportation, is
pushing with a spirit and zeal becoming
her intelligence an I enterprise, Rail-roads
into every portion of her State, and it is
ntot evemn to be hoped that our citizens
whIo inhabit thme interior, thme most beauti
ful anid richest portion of our State, will
fbogo these advantnges when they can
obtain them by crossing the Savannah ri
ver; and mless we furnish them our
State will be depopulated. I ought not
to speak of Georgia alone; most of the
neighboring States are a great way in ad
vance' of us in these improvements.
The1 social advantegos resulting from
faucil it ies of intercommunication, though
not less t angible, ought not to be overlook
edl. A common interest ini the advance
muent of literature atnd science, of reli
gion and morality pervades the whole
State. Trhere ought, therefore, to be a
comamunity of' feeling anid concert of ac
tion ini all plans for their advancement.
mud ztese arc better attained by the fre
quenit imterchainge of sentiment and
thotught between thue inhabitants of the dif
ferent portions of thme State, than by any
other' means. Rail Roads are wonderful.
ly adapted to this end. By their agency,
your neighbor at 'orty miles distant, is
brought wvithin the distance of a morning's