Newspaper Page Text
From *)9 CnuiamJ ugvclph .
Meiss. Editors:.-As the subject of Inter
nalImproveifient in this State; seems to be,
A thebsorbing question of the Legislitier,
as wvll-as the people generally at the pres
ent-noment, it may not be mappropriate to
ofl'er a fewremarks for consideition in re
lation to one of the projects under contem
plation-I mean the Wilmington and Man
chester Rail Road. These remarks are nec
essarily called for, from the fact that the rise,
progress and future prospects of this com
pany seem to be littlo undestood. I. pro
pose, therefore, before entering upon the
merits of this project, to offer a brief history
of the Wilmington and Raleigh Rail Read
Company, which gave rise to this.
As early as 1830, the necessity of a R. road
-communication through North Carolina, con
necting with the Rail Roads of Virginia and
South Carolina, for the transpbrtation of the
-mail and passengers, and thus opening a con
tinuous line of communication 'between the
North and South presented itself to the p'eople
of Wilmington, who immediately commenced
- devising the ways and means of accomplishing
so desirable an object. At the session of the
Legislature of 1833,. a charter was obtained
for a Rail Road from Wihnington to Raleighi
but owing to some difficulties on the route,
not before discovered,- the charter was hot
accepted, until the session of 1835, when it
was so amended as to authorize the construc
tion of the Road from Wilmington to Weldon
on the Roanoke river, the state becoming a
stockholder to the amount of two-fiftlis of the
capital stock, (00,000). On the 14th March,
1836, this company was orgunized, and with a
spirit and energy unparalleled, I believe, in
'the hstory of our country, pushed the work on
to completion in four years t ine, the first lo
comotive passing over the whole line of 162
miles, on t he 0th March 18-10. Thus, you, see,
the town of Wilmington at that tine, with a
population of less than 3000 souls, all told,
whose entire property was valued at a tri
fle over $300,000, opening a line of com
muncation 322 miles in length, (162 by
Rail Road to Weldon, and 1(0 by steam
boats to Charleston.) Was it to be expected,
in a line of this extent, complicated by two
separate interests, governed by a raw 'direc
tory, uninitiated in the arts of managing a
work of such mngnitude and complication,
with skill and economy. The Road passing
through a perfectly new country, w'here the
people on the line were entirely utnacquaintd
with the labor required of them, andI at a
time when the whole country was flushed
with prosperity, that every thing for the use
of the company had to be purchased at the
highest rate-was it to be expected, I say, un
der all these disadvantageous circumstances,
that no missteps should be taken, no awk
ward blunders committed ? And furthermore,
the State of North Carolina, who had a large
interest in this company, and whose fostering
care and protection should have been spread
over it--who shonld have nursed it with a
mother's scrutiny and a mother's love-the
State of N. Carolina I say like an unnatural
mother, looks upon the death-stiugile of this
her noble ofi'spring, with a cold indifrerence?
yea, more, she even binds her with more seve
rity than she wonuld a stranger, so that, what
ever of censure or derision may be expressed
of the Legislature of North Carolina, by her
sister States, in regard ,to her rigid exac
tions of this Company, a'ny allusioh to the
poverty or condition of it, is as unkind as
But what is the true condition of this Com
pany! From doe uents and inf'ormnation placed
in my possession, and which may be relied on,
it appears that from the comniicement, Oe
tober, '47, there has been received into the
Treasury, for stock paid in and present debt
of the Company, a fraction less than two mil
lion of dollars, when there has been actually
'paill out. of the TIreasuary, for construction,
'boats, real estate, interest losses, misfortunes,
a&c., &c., a sum little short of three millions
of dollars. Thus showing in nett profits,
over andl above its expenses (in which are in
cluded the re-laying of about twenty miles of
heavy iron, the addition of several' kocomo
tives, coaches, &.c., and an expenditure du
ring the past year of' over $10,000(, in repair
ing and impronving t heir steamboats,) a sum
not far short of a mnilliona of dollars, being
near seventy-tiv'e per cent on the original
amount of stock subsrbed-anid had' the
Company beena enabled to have commenced
operations withmout debt, ('onst ': ted and man
naged with skill and ec'onomii, I have no lhes
itation in saying, t hat at t his muoment it would
have been ias good stock as any in the coun
- 'The travelling pubali', however, are dlissat is
fled with the sea route between Wihningtn
and Charleston, anad demand, in tones that
Cannot he misunderstood, a Rt. Road comanl
-nication between those cities, or some poinut
of connect ion on the Charleston Ro~ad. Th'le
citizens of WVilmington and that portion ot' N.
C., demand that the wealth analdie resour
ces of the counties of Brunswick, Illaden,
Columbaus anal Robeson may lie developed.
The citizens of a p~ort ion of South C2aroliia
reqluire that the wealth anda resomirees of the
districts of Sumter, D~arlington and Marion
ay lbe developed. Will it be dlenied them!
Wec shall see.
ilut then it has been said, that th~s Road,
forming a juncetion at the Illambhurg lh'il
Road at Br.mnchville, wvill take the travellers
- thr'ough f'rom 0riachrille', and t hereby dimii
nish thle receiptsa ot' that Road to lie imout
of Ut) miles on every' passengerm whoa puse
that course, and if 'it be allowed that the
Manchester connection will not inacroase the
number of travellers but renmain at the pre
- sent numbler, thean thi argnument will hol
good so far as Ilie Carlestoun andh Hnamrg
road is coincerned; limt will not thie State at
large be doubly reimbutrsed by the transit of
thme samn' or a grceater unuber of posenagers
- over roiads wit lbin her bordere, now ini opera
tiotn andI to be cuonstruc'ted, 150 miiles in
lengthi, anud whl i roaads now gret lnonaoiti
through travel. . co l~
Th'le adhvantagres :and halc,,ings of' this en
terprise, huowever, do, noat staop here. IIliun
dredas ;and tho us:uuuis ofl thte c mi't.n oft Ten'u
and IFloriai, whoia waoal. rejaicne att ihe' onlppor-'
tumnity of t ravellinig thei Atlhatii riante be-"
twveeni Cha.'rlaeto ;ad Wihnuingli.n, anid ihae
aboinable stc:nnm haa:t----(h wnhl b'g le:ace
luere to state t hat I honeua:stI ly ieve the imo
puttationus appuiliedl toa th~ it ratt atwl the asteam
boats is altaogether' imauugiwiury, aund wuitoti
the slightest foundation; tor it. is noattrion.i,
~that the bmtats tire kepit in ats line order, awitl
perform more~ servico with less loss of life air
>property, taun anty sitnilair line in the United
States. But. it is enlough i'ar us to know th it
the prejudice exists, 'hether just or tio I
shall not pretend to argue.) Thus it is ev;
deont, ard beyt n l.dispute, that wh'len this cota
tnecting link shall be complete, the travel utp
ona the Athintic rotate will increase at least
fiur-fol, for,'by this timec, Georgia, A labamta,
to thit hart ano. exth th
wes' couintoy. .
So far, then, as the.State is concerned, her
Interest will be greatly enhanced, instead of
diminished by this cnnecting, link.
But then, it :has lieen asked, what effee
will this mushrooin scherne have upOxn ou'
darling-pet, the city' of Charleston?. * Will it
not open facilities. to- our people, .our mer-'
chants and traders, to go with speedI arid eco
n'omy to the North for the purchase of goods,
etc., when our grand object is to. build up a
city within our borders, that shall be the ter
minus of all Soutiern works of internal imr
provement, and that shall merit appellation of
the great Southern emporium Shall we not,
by this connexion, build up a rival in the town
of Wilnington, which will drain us all the
products of those districts through which the
road passes, turn thom from the ports of our
own State, and carry them to Wilmington!
And will it not have the ef'ect of taking tra
vellers, that'now pass through our city and
may occasionally stop and look around with
a view of' making their purchases, here, in
stead of.going North for that purpose, far
away, an hurry them by. without stopping!
In regard to the first proposition, that of
affording facilities for intelligence, communi
cation and Free Trade, upon the mostliberal
construction of that term, is what, not only
the leaders in politics, but tle people in mass
of this State have been battling for, for
years; such an objection would be insulting
to the intelligence of the State at large.
Tie next 'proposition, of buibling up the
town of Wihlnington to rival Charleston, is
too preposterous to admit of cotinnient. ('an
it be possible that any one of intelligence,
who is at all acquainted with the two pors,
can entertain such an opinion for a moment!
What! that little town on Caji Fear river,
stuck upon a sand bank thirty miles front the
ocean, with a difficult bar and river naviga
tion ten feet deep-whose exports consist of
tar, pitch and turpentine, lumber and shin
gles-whose citizens are never gladdened by
the sight of a bale of cotton, except when
astonished by an importation from Charleston
for the factories of the interior-such a place
rivalling Charleston, the Queen city of the
South, situated but seven miles from the
ocean, accessible by ships from fifteen to
eighteen feet draught, from every quarter of
the alobe-whose canvass whitens every sea
-w7:ose exports of cottlon and rice are imnum
bered by thousands of bales and barrels!
In reg.ard to the last proposition, that af
carrying passongers by without aflhrding an
opportunity of stopping to mnake purclases,
cannot hold good. Tl. laws of trade, like
water, will find their level. Supplv and Ie
mand will regulate thlat part of the businsse,
and if yon import the right ktnd of goods.
and sell thetn at the right kind of prices, no
question but you will find purchasers, provi
died you (it) not import too largely, and get in
to the difliculty of over-trading, and provided
further, you %% ill encourage worthy enter
prize. by modifying some of your municipal
restrictions, and by inviting trade and busi
ness, rather than simply performing what is
obstinately foresd upon you. Tihis is the
way to build ill) your city: by carrying out the
Free Trade principles, in their most generous
sense. Emplty professions, without action,
are useless as they are unworthy.
But supsose you should consider it impor
taut that travellers, who are traders, and de
sire to visit Charleston with a view of ma
king purchases: this difliculty can be easily
overcome by allowing such passengers to
come down to Charleston and return to
lBranchiville by a through ticket at the sane
price as if they were to pass inmediately on.
'Tl's would be a small matter, in comparison
to obst ructing a great and good enterprise,
that is calculated to improve your trade, and
greatly enhance the receipts of your present
Now tone word, itt regard to the pract icabmil
ity and probable fprofit of the WVilmington and
Manchtester rail road, and I amt done. Of Its
practicability, genteral useftulness and pirofit,
I think no one can doubt, who wiill take the
trotuble to exatmine the subject; and htere, I
beg leave to refer to a report miade by the
surveyors of that route accompanying a chart
of the same, in the hands of somne of the
friends of this enterprise, now in Cohlumbia,
by whticht, ntd the statemtent made in the
commetncemnent of this c imntunicat ion, it
will be seeni that tho Wihnington Iload, un
der tlte most withering circumnstanuce.<, has
not only sitstainted itself, bitt paid a protit iup..
on its captital, tdurintg tlte past year, of' six per
cent, and is graidtually impjrovinmg thme Ro:dil
anid paying its debt4, and thtis wvith the boat
line~ at ta(cd. WVlnt mtay we tiext expect,
lhen, for the Manchester Rto:ul, witht the im
le-ovemtents of the age, antd lightts of experi..
entce before ums, our southiern nteighbtors, ptn.s
ing their roads still farther south and wes',
will ore long s'mtd such a current of travel
along this Atlantic route, as thte mo~ st pas.
sionatte fanatics in thte cause hatve never vet
dreameod of. hlire we no right, then, to ex
poet at nto distant day, a rich harvest fronm
this enterprise-l If ftere is any' reliance
wvhatever to be placed in figures,' we haive,
and nmany who are disposed to ridicule this
idea ntow, (whether front private interest, or
htonest c'onict ions, -1 shatll not pretend to say,)
sh-'tl he forcedl to acknowh'tdge thteir error,
amnd wonder at their former blitaintess.
Rt. 0. B.
Ta'l'ti~s or -rnet L A wni'r.s.-i-A t a con
' ivzal mteetinig of hitwyers, the ,precsidett
caglled ont the senior' solicitor to propose' the
hm''althi of thte ho st friendi of' the pmlission.
'''The r'icht mnit who tmak's his owtt will,"'
wa's the response. TJrttly thte genttlemen
of te g reen bag nre nttorry' in their ienps!1
Thyillutsrate t he tmaximt in rino r'critas';
f'ot' whten cool sober'r, they ar ie itnot apt to
let thre cat ontt of the' bag! So it appearats
that "'the best fr'iend of' the pr'ofession"
the mittniinat'el li'tt--einnnot esc'apeh
hem even'i wihen ina e.r/rris ! Jf hle have
a lawy'~er' to imke htis will, ht" mitst be at
fihe 'osts4lt, and ebaryes as ai mtit( terf eon rse;
andu if' he' utndertake toi mahke his awnt will,
his 's:tat af'ter' his <b.aith will he' gone l;or
the wvh'le f'trt'rnity'. Wa't at dliletnnuat
Ai ' xchimige lpap'I' r pptr'atethe Ii..'
h',wing' Connadrmit nnti, to whtich thte above
aiecd'e 'wonht seem to give' somte pi
Why i:s a latwyeri like it sniwyer?--lle
-ase wiebe'lveri wiay lhe goe's down nitst
comei the duts.--Char. Ea'ening Ne'~ws.
Tttoomrtr.--T'houmght is the electrcit y
tof thet brin-i-it shoots to thme remi~otest pe-I
t'iods of htistry, antI touches the first linik
of'life'. It passes through the elenmetof'fir'e,
nit', and water. .It peetrtates to the depths
of' ktowledge, andt~ rises to the gates of hea.
vent. Thannla an ifnitnn ah.. ..... of'r
the Dety, bowed n humanifyJ. It re..
turns, oJlimifrom a orruptible to a spir.
itual existence' .Clt 'ate it, and you will
be refine4 ieglee 4 you will be de..
ANPRBW 11. BUCHANAN, EDITOR.
SUMTERVILLE, S. C.
libcobqI , teM ber 29, 1847.
AGENTS FOR THE BANNER.
Messrs.WuIT, & Co. Sumtorville, S. C.
T. W. PEGuEs, Esq., Camden, S. C.
The cotton market during the past
week he been represented as unsettled,
-little o n' vuriation in prices, but the
demand at some times being very fiir and
at others very small. 8 cents is now the
highest price for good cotton.
For the past two weeks we have had
very changeable weather. We have had
some intensely cold days-as cold as is
ever experienced in this section-and at
other times it has been quite mild ant'
pleasant for,a day or two. Such changes
are trying to delicate constitutions, and
we should be careful not to expose our.
TH11E BRAVERY OF THE PAL.
The Editor of the North Carolinian,
in speaking of the South Carolina Volun
teers, says, , they were more cut to pieces
at Churutbulco than any other regiment,
but this wis more owing to rashness
than true courage." We presume it was
not the ineniiun of the editor to impute a
want of courage to our brave men, but
he certainly does them great injustice to
suppose that they were actuated by a
rash, inconsiderate headstrong wreckless
ness, which is just as distinct from true
valor, as impulse is from settled principle.
Our men fought under orders, and if
there had been amy unnecessary exposure
their commaniding oflicers would have re
ceived. instead of the unbounded applause
that now greets them on all sides, unmnca
sured censure for their want of humani.
ty and consideration. The Palmetto re
giment had a hazardous duty to perform
-they didit-4carlessly and at the cost of
nuch blood, and let no one who values
his own reputation, say or do any thing to
tarnish the lustre of their well earned
tame, for the whole American people are
ready to protect and defend it.
TIIE MILITARY BALL IN
Thie Ball given in honor of Generals
QurrTMAN anid SIaLmim, in Charleston, is
described as a most brilliant afTair.
Thle Generals ieft for Waushington, we
>elieve it is stated, on Friday evening.
IMiPROVE YOUR STOCK.
We have received from the oflice of the
A merican Agriculhurist a treatise on the
ihe history, nature, management, diseas
-s, &c., of the principal animals used on
'fiirm. From the cursor~y view we have
aken of it, it-appears to usa most excel
ent work. We conlunend it to the at
entive p~erusal of our planters gonerally.
ine of the main-'causes why imore atten
ion is not givenl te thbe -improvement of
took at the South is that the benefits to he
ierivedl from it are tnot properly under
tood are appreciated. Our planlters gen.
~rally read little or nothing upimn agricuml
ura! subjects, relying altogether upon
:heir own limrbied experience and reject.
ng tile experience of others. We are
o cngrossed with the business of' making
outtoni that but little attentioni is pnid eithi.
r to the improvement of our stock or
oil. This is an o'rr in our011 mniaige
int. It is radicamlly wrong. Tlhe most
roeperous and successful planter is not
e who produces most for market, but lie
-hose labor is so emph(yedl as to produce'
hm greatest amount of value, includhing
lie cond~itionl of theC farm, farming utten.
ils, stock, &c.
Sonme fe-w of our planters have experi-.
imnted on a limited scale with imiproved
minglish stock, and complain that they
iare been disappointed in the(ir expecta
ens. it is superior ini sonme respects they
;zy to the native stock, but is not so well
LdaphtedI to our situation ald things beingr
TiIhey are not so Llmhrifty, (1o not prse
ii our climai~te amnd va riouis other objec
ions l~ hve bteent imadet, aill of whlichi we
telieve are~ in falct uniblunided, hut sup~po
ing thiem to be0 true it is no argument
gainst bestowving more attention upon the
arceding, rearing and developing the tn
ive stock. In the Newv-Englamnd States
-here great care has been taken with
heir native stock for many years they.
lavo been astoniehingly improvt d andl int
most cases Will.-c pat favb bly with
the best foreign i: rtatk us! f
We think thia. subject of considera
ble-. importance to usi outh. Carolina
cian t continue much longer a cotton.
growing State' Te low price~which the
staple now comma'da together with the
prospect of vastly increased competition
in the more fertile regions of tihe south
Wes-t, Mnst- h sufficient..tdconvince any
one that'dur ttention atd labor will soon
take a difrerest ienainnel. Ours never canl
be altogetiera menu facturing State-the
climate, the character of our laboring
population, and. other causes.wil prevent
it-and it is evident that'to sonie exient a0i
least we will have to depend upon our
stock, and the sooner our attention is
turned to it die better it will be-for us.
At any rate we can loose nothing by u'tg
the best means for imnprpving what we
The work abovei4lluded to can be pro.
cured at the office of te Aminerican Agai
culturist. It was written by Mr. A'LLEN
and embodies 'much practical inforna
Frn the Colaunbia South Carolinian.
ADDRESS OF GOV. JOHNSON AND
REPLY OF GENSfllELDS.
Upon the arrival aft'en. Shinelds, lie
was received in the apartments of iis
Eixcellency Governor Johnson, who ten
dered him tihe greeting and lospitalities
of tihe State, inl the olblowilng address:
General :-l was the willineg instru.
lamenmt of the Legislature, in sesion,
to invite you to our capital. I bid you
welcoime, aid welcome will re-echo fromn
the imountains to the sca-coast. I regret
only that I ama deprived of tihe honor of
extelnding a like greeting to your compa
nion inl arms, Major Ge-peral Quitnan,
who we hoped would h1ave accomipanied
General: wihoin tme' historian of our
conmmon cotintry shall cironicle tihe
events of tihe War with Mexico, your
name will be inscribed onl a page in cla
raeters, that shall never fade, whilst patri.
otism hams a divelling place, or courage,
cooliess and decision are ranked amongst
the virtues of a soldier. -
But, General, South Carolina oweY'ou
a debt of her own. A bout a year ago
she sent a thousand of her young men to
do battle inl Mexico ifl time 'caus5e of our
country. It was their fortumn- to be piaced
under your conimand. We know the se
quel. They triumpihed with you on nan
ny a bloody field, nd under your leading
they have won for theirmselves a proud
name, and for tihe State.n neasure of re
nown, of wiich she-in proud. Exposed
to common perils, you haive earned ia com.
ition fime, and your blood lais been miin
gled om tihe field of battle. A re you not
of the same kindred? May we tiot call
you one of us? You are wreome-very
General Shields r plied as follows:
Sir :-I am so entirely ov rpowc re-cd by
this generous and unexpectedl receptiim
thmat I cannmot find lanaguaage to c xpress to
your Excellency and the Legilatumre of
this State, thme feeings of' gratitude with
wicie lam impjressL-ed. I amn proud, sir,
of mneetinig with suchm a reception fiom the
chivalr1ous and gallant Palmea)tto State. I
appreciate it ini all its importance, amid
shall ever chcrish time renmemabramce of
thmis hour as lime brighatest anad mocst grati
inmg e-poeb of nay life. Whmen I re-call
to mnd the simple fact that 1 am~a strana
ger to your State-that I aim not even a
native of this countrv-that I have hither
to lad no connaetion with you, except
from the circuimstance of mv'havinmg land
time honor of leadiang the~ sons of your
proud State ini baittle. ten I refieet onm
all these circaustanmces, and then look
around~l me amid fiad nmyself thme object of
so nmuch coailSideratioim tamid regard, I cain
nlot hlp~ intterruing time comaplirment as
anm approval of mry conduct, anad as a
proof, that myw eforts -ina the path of dunty
anid haoanor, liowever 'humblme mad circmn
ser-ihed, hmave mnot bmeenm altoget-her uamvail
inag. Suchl r, reception froin such a State,
mmight wll fill up lime ambmiitionm of thme
proumdest main that aver .trod lihe .carth.
But, sir-, I am not vain enoughri to believe,
thait this receptioni is intende'd Aus a tribute
of recpect to me alone. WhIaitever pride
I imay take in it ams participaitor in thmose
scenes, whiicha have- luali been enactedl
inm Mex ico, I look umponm it as time offsprinug
of a gaeerouas andia enmthausiastic feeling for
your gallant army-for- thme conmimnd I
hmad hme .hionor to lemd-and~ for that bravo
anal indomitable P'ahame> Rtegiment, wi itha
whos)~e firmuncs I have beconic ini somel
annmer- idlenmtitleda ; a re-gimena-t, sira, whiebh
eommbimed im as hmigh a degree as any body
of imen thait evea entered time field of
b~attle time nolest characteristic of time
soldier, withI time more einde-arinmg at
tribuntas of immnaity amnd patriotism.
Othecr Genemralhs may havec led inito time
fiel troops Lhbat could konst of better or
ganmizatiomn, amid a igher degree of miii
tamy diseiidine ande much lonager experi
enmce but nmve~r before did a body of mencm,
under- simila-r circutmistances, exhmibit a
gre-ater amounmt of intrepidity and noblo
conmdamet, thman those I had the pecutliar
good lortuane to coamnand on the ensan
guined plainis of MexficoE Thie State thaut
oould send tom-th suach sO'diers as time Pal
aetto's, nmy we-lilibe proud of the namme;
amid whatever may have beenm time elevation
of chanraicter which dIstinguishes Southm
Cariolina, time he. r,>c deeds of that regimenit
hiavo adedet newv ilustro to her famie, and
given hlier a frecsher anmd meo enduring ti
tle to time consideration of time world. Sir,
once amore I thmank yotur Excellency, and
time Legislature nmow ini sessioni, for this
courteoms amid mat iyim recenpton.
fro~Y'th ilia Aser 20t9inst
T E F40VDN TI'E'.
The papersreceivlkby last ight's a
em mail are llled with accounts of
sasterougpeffeci produced by the rebe
vere freshot it! the western Rivers.
Sciota River has 6verdlowed its banks,
ing away the turnpike, bridges, cule
On this as well as on the smaller
emptying it, vast am 4hog a Oth -
. Tliglatest Cinciakipa reteived. ar#
those ofi.Morday lastid wve are therefo
witlpoutany further accounts of theafects of
the freshet in that.city -than ths received
yThleittsburghi Gazette of the 17th inst.
contains the following notice of ti fleqd in
the Ohio and Muskingum Rivers:
By the politeness of Capt. Gray,hf i
Cincinnati packet Pensylviibia, whieh u6
ved at port last evening, we have further par
ticulars of- the disastrous flood of teiit
few days. He says that at no time sincethe
memorable flood of 1832, has the Ohio river
been so high'as at present. Tie'destructia
of property along the river and the distress
of the inhabitants is truly appalling. . In the*
towns of Guyandotte; Poiiit Pleasant. PomT.
roy, Ilockiiigport, Parkersburg, Po:nt Jlnr
mar, Marietta and Sun Fish ;mny fanjilies
were comfelled to lea-aheIdwelldige e
others removed to the upper stories. .
Most of the Islands between Kanadh
Wheeling, are ent:rely covered.7e 1s'
corn, wood and property of aJ kifids have
been carried away by the water. *
All the people residing withip -the. low
lands have abandoned thdir dwelling and ta.
ken refuge on the hi'ls, leaving their proper
ty to the mercy of. the wate-, being satisfied
to escape with their lives.
When the Pennsylvania passed P6#vj -
mouth the river was rising at the rate of 9iur -
inches per hour, and at Mirieua the Mus-"
kingumn river was found to have cornmenced
rising the second time, and riore rapidly thin.
before.' Fears were enterained that the
ships now on the stocks at that poit, would
be cirried off. The late rains have been ve..
ry heavy in the valley of the Muskirnum 4
river. At difibrent points -om their Wiay:1up,
they saw several houses afloat, and innutner
able quantities of corn, hay dtacks, &c.' - On
many of the farms. the people 'Were obsered.
gathering their corn in flat boats... At GalPlt
polis th rivei lacdp feet of being high
as 'n d was fising rapidly. In mf ypla.
ces it was difilcult to toll where- the main
channel of the river was. the low ground be
ing ovci-flowed for several miles in width.
The steamer passed across fields on hdr
way up fully thirty feet higher than the phan.
nel of the river at low water mark. -
Cobt. Lucas, of the steamboat Mary Ste.
vens, reports the dist&%ss occas'oned-by the
flood below Mnrietta, as truly alarning.
People deserting their dwellings in such haste
as to be compelled to leave their property,
others taking what they coulI in Loats and
removing to the h 1ls.
TiHREADDni BANK NorS.-Messrs.
Craie & Co., of Dalton 'Musa4Ohusetts,
mianufiacturers of I nk note paper, have
iav'ented a very simple and efficient
miethod of preseiving the denomination of
a bill from alterutiqs. Threads of silk
or citon are arraged- il) paralll lies
lCngthlwmise with the note, Ond enlalied in
the substance of tihe pa p, r during its main
ifieture. A one dollar bill has one thread,
and one dded for enehi dnnominatien up ta
fivc dullars, then a ten dollar 'hill Ias six
threads another is addal for fifly, one hm-i.
dired, five hundred, and one thousand; the
last having cleven threads. It must be
ditlicult,Tf not impouible, to insert ano.
thter thread aller~ thei. noto is finished, and pa
the thareads marks its value distinetly na
the figures, the chances of a sunessful
alteration are tit least greatly dinminished:
The Mechaic'Ti Baang A'ssociation of'
this city, and severnl of tho'baniks in this
State and at the East, have ordered'd the
threaded paper, and it will probabli.
come into general uise.
*N. Y. Jour. of Com.
in itas confirmed and incipient stageP,
coughs, cathina, croup and liver complaint,
form by far the niost fatal class of disenases
known to our lande Yet even those may be
cuired by means of the simple yet powerful
remedies that a re scattered wherever those
Wistar's Bialsam of WVild Cherry it the
conentr-atedl essence of those remedies-it
hats cured incipient consumption, psilhma, liv,
er complaint, croup, etc, in numbherless c.ase&'
where all oilier medical means have failed.
In the first stages of the diseases termed
''Catarrhal Consumptioni," originating from
neglected colds, it has been used wvith unde
viating success, and hundreds acknowledge
they owe the restoration of their health sto
this invaluable medicine. In that form of
consumnption so prevailing among young fe.
males, commonly termed debility,
"'GOING INTO A D)ECLINE,"
A complaint with wvhich thousands are lini.
gering, It hams also provied h'ghly successful,
and not only possesses thme power of checking
thme progress of this alarming cornplaint, bumy
also strengthens and invigorates the system
more efl'ectually than any medicine wve have
None genuine, unless signed I. BUTTS
on the wrapper. For sale in Sumterville, by
Dr. J. I. MILLElt, at the Drug Store; and
lby Druggists generally in South Carolina.
DIED)-At Willowv Grove, S. C. on the
12th inst., Mrs. MAR JANF., consort of G. C.
WVheeler, Esq., in the 24th year of her age.
Th'Iere wlbean 'election upon Monday the
10th Januar next, Lor Intendant nad four
Wardes ome Village gf Suimterville.
Polls to be openedt at China' Hotel, from
10 A. M., to 3 P. M.
A. C. SrAIN,
F. M. ADAS, Man gr,
- W. F. B. U Au~skPon ~u.
Dec. 29th, 1847. 9 Ot
From theo subscriber on Sunday, 80th Nov.
a red sorrell mule, with a roan head, about 9.
years old, a sink or indentation upon the loin
or the left side, about the size of a billiard
ball, and some scars upon the fore lega, just,
under the knee. He is. lazy when rode Obd
inclines to pace, Aisuitable rewvard will bi
paid for his delivery 'to
JOS. 8OSs J
Dac. 20, t