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!r- 4 -rep
at N enite iec4
det'Xl:A t unil*dr Col MX~
.40 l0.0 ti46
td CoiioArtitit the haie'Z fh
difer, aK Top io nh 1siy o Wyn,
kop- a in i o iut andRe
0 Adetuiment, 'unde tl.' MYnCoop
bapture~d Generi Valenoi andhsad
anhd Col'Arrsta, at 'the 'huoienda o~ths
fc~iir, Topjaco,'on. 'he lit insi CA. Wyn;.
~opwas in pursuiof Jaiauta, anvd Rea
at the tlnie'" These escAped' him a few
hours only. ~Gen. Valericia and Col. Ar
rista were 'eleased.on parole..
Ccils. Torrejon, Minon and Guard were
shortly afterwards captured at' Amazuca,
near Puebla. by Dominguei; Captain of
the Mexican spy company in the service
of the United States.
[Special Co'rrespondence of the Picayune'.
CITY OF MEXICO, Jan. 12, 1848.
You will flid in one of the letters-ofthe
gentleman who continued- his correspon'
dence with you during my indisposition,
an account of the capture of Gen. Valen.
cia, the renowvned hero of Contreras, and
Col. Arrista, at the hacienda of the form.
er, In this valley, by a party of Texan
Rangers under command of Col. Wyn.
koop, of the Pennsylvania -Voldnteers.
From all I can learn, the expedition was
managed in the most successful manner,
and the party came very near laying hands
on Padre Jarauta himself, who has been
busy in this vicinity some weeks.
Yesterday, Dominguez, thb- captain of
the Mexican Spy Company, arrived with
a small mail, and brought intelligence of
his having had a brush with a party of
the enemy's cavalry between Ojo de
Agua and Napolucn. The cavalry he
dispersed, and took prisoners Geis. Tor
rejon, Minon and Gaund, who. were with
the party, and delivered them over to Col.
Childs, at Puebla, together with two Am.
erican deserters whom he found with the
party. I regret that in addition to these
captures I cannot add that of Gen. Salaz
ar, who rendered himself infamous by his
cruelty to the Santa Fe prisoners. The
scoundrel was in the city a few days since,
upwards of twenty four hours, with his
family, and the authorities, on learning
his whereabout, sent a body of soldiers to
arrest him, but unfortunately he had left
the city aLout two hours before it was
known lie was here. All these prisoners
have been liberated on parole. The po
licy of liberating these men I think ex
tremely doubtful. On parole they can
go where they please, and among their
own people can say what they pleaie,
which enables them to do us much more
injury in exciting the people to acts of
hostility than if they were never taken
prisoners, and their influence not confined
to such parts of the country only as they
could muster courage to visit. As an in
stance in proof of what I say, I am told
by a gentleman who came up with Colon
el Johnson's train from Vera Cruz, that
on entering one of the small towns at this
side of Puebla, which was an advantage
ous position to resist the advance of Col.
Johnson, Gen La Vega (w~ho, together
with his brother, Col. La Vega, taken at
Hluamantla, and Gen. Heren, taken at
Cerro Gordo, caime up with the train on
temporary parole) addressed the first knot
of his countrymen he met in the town, and
asked them why they wvere not up. It
would be much safer to keep these men
confined here, or send them to the United
It is impossible to say when there will
be a movement towards any of' the cities
stili in the possession of'the enemy. Trhe
commanider in chief', confident, perhap~s,
of a peace resulting from the proposition
of which it is said the Mexican Govern
ment has nhade, is not dhisposed to disturb
the deliberations of' the Government at
Qseretaro by sending an expedition in that
direction, or to create new causes of' ani
mosity by making additional conq;uests
until the result of'the proposition is known,.
A bearer of despatches from Wanshing
ton arrived yesterday with Col. Domning
uez, and it is possible that an onward
movement may be ordered. If. it is or
dered soon, there is little, if' any, proba
bility of resisti nce being ofnbred to our
progress. There is not at any one p~oint
that I can learn suflicient men and mili
tory supp~lies to resist one thousand of'our
Wec have news to day from Queretaro.
Anaya who was elected President uafier
;Santa Anna's resignation, has gone out of
office, the term having ex pired, and Penny
Pena, by right of'his office as Chief' Jus
tice, at present tills the vacant chair, or
has been elected President-I cannot posi.
.tively learn which, but I am inclined to
believe the former. He has declared that
.heo will pursue the policy of Anaya. who
is supposed to be favorable to peace. The
letter which brings this newvs is dated thme
8th inst, and says the Cabinet has been
reorganized by the app~ointment of' Sr.
Rosas as Miinister of' Foreign Rlelations
and temporary Secretary of the Treasury,
Riva Salacio as Minister of' Justice, and
~Pedro Maria A naya as Secretary of' W'ar.
Yours, D. S.
Cirry or Mixxico, Jain. 13, 1848.
On M~onday last the commander in-chie f
wias informed of a movemenit dlesigned
~here ta attack the quarters of thme oflicers
*of' the army, and, if posible, to take them
prisoners or kill them. T1he ,plan was,
:that the population, or so much of' it as
* could be induced to take part in the coni
spiracy, shiuld rise, and, assisted by a
body of guerrillas which weire to enter tho
city at a certain hour, make the attackc.
'During the day .the commander-in-chief
.inf'qrrpeil all the chief oflcers of'the inten
Aled attaok, designated rallying points fihr
1heo diff'erent regiments, and made every
11 rgl$I lan
&t Ws~b ~ ed2' iledge
atta t e n I.he pre
t t inJupp dpr 1ted
an ptterpt to executethe plan. The pro.
f tile Insurrection wowre ilior.
bd to thd effects.of their plan, or fors-.
i themi, must have'een utterly reckless
as to consequences which. would result to
their owatcountrymen; for.if the aitempt
had been maile, thereia Is nt an ofieer in
the army, not.exccptipg tho commander.
in.chief himself, 'wlid could have restrain
enhe troops.fromsaacking the city' Dur-'
ing the niglit; Liduatenaint Biaker of the 5thi
Indiaa.regisient, commanding a patrole,
came in sihtbf two carts near the Piazza
do, Torro, pi*lie-southern part of the city;
one of whih,. containing one hundred
stand.of arms,.he captured; the other he
was unable to coric up wvitli before it was
placed- in concealment. Whether Gen.
Scott haathe names of the pafrtics who or
ginatedli plot, or not, I do not knbw; but
it is pretty iell'understood that the chief
conspirators -are among'the soldiers of the
Mexican army, who assumed citizen's
dress whenl our army entered the city,
and have remained here since. A few
days may reveal more in relation to the
You will, perhaps, learn lf'ore this
reaches you, of a similar attempt at Pue.
-bla, which tlie.promptitude and deterniina
tion of Col. Childs nipped in the bud.
THE SUMTER BANNER:
SUMATERVILLR, S. C.
FRANCIS M. ADAMS, EDITGR.
AGENTS FOR THE BANNEIH.
Messrs. W ITF, & Co. Sunterville, S. C.
T. W .PEGUES, Esq., Camden, S. C.
CAPT'& BLANDING AND SUMTER.
It was the intention of the Washington
Light Infantry, of Charleston city, on the 2nd
instant, to have presented to Capt. WN.J.or
RLANDIN, of the Charleston Volunteers, a
splendid gold medal as a marlk of their - es
teem for his gallant conduct in Aexico. The
day proved so unfavorahle, that the formal,
public presentation of the medal was post
poned to a more favorable timiep when a pa.
rade of tiie company will take place an.d the
presentation be rnade in due form.
Capt. Blanding, before leaving for the seat
of war, was a member of this company and
still continues a brother soldier. Ile has
obtainod the approbation of his fellow citi
zens and of the city from which lie went.
At 0 o'clook of the evening of the 4aie
day, the company and invited guests sat down
to an elegant dinner at the Charlesto. 1lotel,
at which the captain of the company, Mr. W.
D. PonTEn, piesided. A song, "A welconte
to our Brother," was sung; and regular and
volunteer toasts were given. Remarks were
made by Capst. Porter comopimuentary to Capt.
Blanding, previous to the reading of the third
regular toast, which will be found among
those that follow. We suibjoini the whole of
the regular toasts on accounzt of their senti
REG ULA R TOASTS.
1. Our C'ountry-WVith her Rnag above our
heads, and her soil beneath our feet, we know
no prouder title than that of an American
2. South Carolina.-Our n'ble mother,
honorable in her name and her famme-thrie
honored in the heroism and devotion of her
:1. Capt. WmIn. Rhjamig4, of the, (Charleston
Voluners-.Thme yo'uthful solier wvho las
won his laurels upon mny a blood' biattlhe
fieldl. The Wlashingrton Light Ins. .u-'v are
proud to hail him as a hrot her-the peo'ple of
Chiarleston will remeumber and reward his
A fter the reading of the third toast and the
subsequent applause, Capt. llanding rore and
dwelt upon the deeds of his companions in
arms, warming the souls of his audtors by
the spirited tones and manner in which he
portrayed the achievements of the P'almetto
Regiment, of his leaders and those whom he
Th~e Charleston Courier, doecribiing the
proeinO~Cligs, conata ins the following paragrap~h
in regard to our Ca pt. SUMwT~in.
At an appropriate period, a letter was re-id
from Capt. SuaTren, of the &Swnter Volun
teers, regretting his inability to at tend, in
consequence of being unmder medical treat
ment from a wo)umi in his arm. TUhe assemn
bled company rose, at the conlusionm of thes.
reading of thle letter, andI gave thle gallaint
desc'endant of the "Ghamme Cock" of Soumth.
Carolina, a hearty "three times three,'' that
made thme weikin ring.
A mong the volunutsoor toasts t wo were given
in his honor as followm
By Sorgt. Rmcmm~msos, oif the L. I.: C'apt.
Sumter--ie has proved hiimself worthy of
the illustrious name lie hears, and by his gal
lant conduct in the bloody battle'hlils of
Mex ico, has wreathedlabout his brow a chap
let of never fading laurels.
By Col. Annuws. TIhe capstains of the
righl on/the I'imettv Reegrimnst.-- I'he hhood of
the "(same-cock" sire comies full proof thiro'
thme veins of his gallanmt descendsanmt.
Thme festivities of the evening continued
with great gratidelation to all present anid
closod at ai late hour.
An exchange mentions~ that there are no
lens than six grandsons of the late Chiancel
lor DeSaussure ini service in thle P'ahnet to
Regiment, among wvhomi is our'absent towvns
man, Capt. J4nses D. IhuxnixNo.
Among the conmpliments paid to ,C'aptain
WVu. JJLANDINo was thint of the Governor of
Virginia, who, presenting him to a large au
thienmcc in the Capitol, p~roclaimeod that lie led
into action forty-two mna who came out of it
the valley of Mdxio have been aehfob&
- ,THE 'ELEGRtAPHA ', x
ri a short the the telegraph vill e -in
operation from Boston to New OrIeans
through Charleston, "and communication
will be'interchanged -between these dis.
tunt cities of the Union with the rapidity
of lightning. It is strange that the mind
of mari should invent the means of trans
mitting with such certainty and velociy
the substantial meaning of material words,
when it is considered that the transmis
sion of the words in the form of a letter
from Boston to Charleston requires four
days, while the conveyance of a telegraph
ic communication between the same
cities will consume only a few minutes.
The invention of the telegraph is one of
the greatest ever accomplished or con
ceived by the mind of man. It forms a
new chain to bind together in the ljonds of.
federal arinity the wide extended members
of our union. In connexion with rail
roads the intercourse establish ed by them
will do- niuch to moderate many local
prejudices occasioned either by ignorance
or want of association. In many parts of
our country the white posts of the -tele
graph stand by the side of the railroad
like the standards of penee point'ig out
the pathway and procluiming the sover.
eignty of civilization. The telegraph
and railroads are eminently favorable to
niid, ihvored by pence. They supply
early information and quick despatch, two
most important means for securing a coun
try against war and invasion and repel
ling it when present, Tnese supplies
are also of primary importance to cam
merev; andi thus these inventions are the
menus of the increase of civilization and
consequent happiness to man. In these
things the benefits of science are most evi.
dent. They are some of the results of
the dissemnination of' kaov-lcdge and the
cultivation of- intellectual power among
mn1. Their rapid extension over the
whole country is a remarkable evidence
of the avidity with which our country.
men seize upon. whatever tends to devel
ope its resource&
The English are making renewed efibrts
to forward the cultivation of cotton in India.
At a late, meeting of the Manchester Com
mercial Association it wa ascertained that
there is a tract of country in the disttict of
Combatore containing one and a quarter rail
lion of acres adapted to the cultivation of cot
ton as good as that of New Orleans. A
sainple f the cotton raised on the lands
wvas produced and prcnounced by competent
judges to be equal to the American. The
Association recommended thme continued cul
ture of this cotton, raised, as it wvas, from
American seed, and the trial of its growvth
and produce on low grounds, near the coast,
which more resembled the native home of the
plant. The East India Company support and
countenance the enterprise. This has the
app~earanlce of more success than any former
measure. It is expected that the Combhatore
tract will send to the English market 100,..
00t0 bales, annually, raised from American
seed. There is no doubt that the English
will use every eflbrt to become independent
in a greater or less degree of uthe necessity of
purchas~ing cotton raised by slave'laboa.
STA M COMMUNICATION.
Thie muerchanuts of Blaltimore and~ Phiha
delha propol)' lase to establ ish lines of steam
p~acket commiunicautiont betwveen their sev
eral cities and Charleston, and measures
have been taken to eifect these objects.
Speed ini transport ation & security ngainst
thmedanugers of the sen are, wec suppose, the
plrinicipal objects in establishing the pro.
piosedi lines, which will b~e attained by the
construction of strong and sen-worthy
steamships and( not steamboats as formerly,
the use of which latter has repeatedly
causedl appalilinig loss of life on the desert
and engunlphming waters of the ocean.
A large meeting, recently held in Newv Or
leanms to favor the election of Gon. TAvton
to the Presidency, passed many resoltutions
in furtherance of thamt object. Trhere ap
pears to be sonme plrobability of a division
aong the whigs in regard to a presidential
candidate. Thtose ini Washington are anx
ions ton hold a natijonal convention in Cincin
niati to avoid the Taylor influence in Balti.
more. Tlhe refusal of Gen. TI. to become
the candidate ofany particular party, the en.
listment of many of the whigs in his favor,
lismeont of many of the whigs in his favor, and
anid tihe probmahblo nomintion of another as
the candidate of the whig piarty proper, may
cauise a defeat of both their candiates and the
electionm ot a dnetmoratie Presidnent, if a unan
inmous nomination is made by the opposinig
party. Th'le p)residenltial campaign may be
regardied as begun. South Carolina is quiet.
The agitation has coupnenmced in other parts
of the Umon.
TIhme Ilon. Piero Soule has bean elected U.
S. Senator for six years from the 4th March
FIX p6t6t h lb
t k a n
id hins en ip ins .
rhis gen natnis 1awyjd also a Proach
3r of, the Methodist churc 1o the papers
tay, the ur hich two characteri in
he same person many consider entirely in
The dimocrats in- Wpshingtont haire
3ommenced preparation for the organiza!
Lion of a national convention tgselect and'
aominOe a candidate. for the Presidepe
and un'animously recommend that e.
7onvention assemble ingaltimore oP the
fourth Monday in:May.
FREEMONT.COORT MARJAL .
This court has closed its laibors, but
its decision is not yet knowin. T e frienids
DfCol. Freemont are confident that he
will not be found guilty of the charges
made against him.
This monument will be of the height of
000 fect; the circular base pile 10AQ fet,
the obelisk 500 fbet,--a stupendous de..
A new article has come into commercal
use under the above name which is repre.
sented as far more valu'abt than india-rub.
ber, while it possesses in a greater degree
all the qualities. of that substance and is
more '6rm. It consists, we -think, of a
kind of gum. Its uses are very numor
Dus and it israpidly becoming a. desibera.
The last accounts from Europo contrad ct
the previous report of the existence of the
aholera in Lpndon. It is, however, 'certain
that it ia traielling eastwardly through Eu
rope. andin. tiWe will reach our country.
TEN REGIMENT BILL
This bill is still before the Senate, atd it is
Joubtful if it will pass that, body. Should it
pass, it is considreedcertain that it will be
lefeate.d in. thQduse. T!. P'resident will
probably have autlioritj to call out additional
At a meeting held by the request of the
aitizens of Clarendon, on. the North side
of Black river, A the Mijis of the..Rev'd.
F. Bush, on Saturday, 5th February, 1648,
Ca t. Henry . Smith was called to the chair
andJ. K. AlcElveen requested tQ att a sQ
A notion was- na b.vWIm R. Burgess,
thatt the chairman appeoint five men as a cent
mittee to select anmn to represent us in the
next erislature, and report to this meeting.
The cemir appointed Rvs F. Bush, Wmt.
RI. Burgess, David Greeji, A. HI. Thompn,
and .. . Reardon.
After a few minutes deliberation, Rev. F.
Bush made the following Report -
Your comnmitteo beg leave to report that
they have considered the matter and report
as their selection, Dr. S. WV. WITHERsEOON.
On motion, it was
Resol red, That the proceedings be btilish
edl in the Sumter Banner. *
Theb. meeting then adjourned. ~
J. K.hi~c~thXvEr, sec'y.
LIEUT. JAMES WILLIS CANTEY.
Whenvermenfai~inthe performance of
heroic action's bravely uphlIdig the flag of
their country, and vindicating from dishonor
the national escuitcheon, instinct summons to
the bouitden duty of perpetuatin~a their names
anid commemcioraiting their paitriotismn.- They
who have rallied as the " cross fire" swept
past, and with strong hands and loyal hearts
have borne their country's -"nailed colors"
where the battle-god played fiercest, and the
battle-tide pressed lrdest, here founud a
nation's heart. their A !usoleumz and a nation's
tears their funeral tribute. Past times i@
claim storied urn and mnumuental mnarbist
mountains carved into barbaric monuments of
sceptredl swvay, andl bra zen statues constructed
from battles' spoliatrtd trophies; but prouder
far is America's Ropublican memorial. The
laurel enwreathod with cypress, the nation's
heart bowed down at the hearthstone of the
allicted and desolate. From the starry throng
of those who.in Mexico lost their lhves upon
the bloody and brilliant fields of war, wve may
be allowed to select the youthful hero, whose
name heads our article. T~rue to the memories
of his manhood and race, he was among the
first to respond to the tapping drumt and bugle
blast, and enrol himself in that volunteer band
whose mecteorio:.exploits have constlel lated
anew thme P'almnetto State and won for her a
fresh diploma of renown. Loyal in heart, faith.
ful in friendship generous ini sentiment, manly
in feeling and bravo in spirit, he wvas watched
as he moved from anmong us with the endear.
ing solicitude and yearning sympathy of
friends. Hlaving just emerged from the
portols of the College, crowned wvith the
unbought and loyal love of his class and fri
ends, ho had a glorious career to run. As he
rallied around old Kershaw,s banner erected
aver the grave of DeKalb, elastic in spirits and
resplendent in manhood, we knew thme warrior
gage was his,that his step wvould be where hon.,
ar was, and otnl supplicated that the bloody
tide in battle mnightrolf past and not engulf hinm
in its sanguinary torrent. f~xemnplary imdiscip,
line, devoted to his dluties, punctilious in hon
rtr, his wvarrior friends point to him as the mod
al of a man and soldier. lVorn down by fatigue,
wasted by disease, and exhausted by his unim
termitted duties, when the bugle summoned
tinm to the tented field lhe was: fitter for the
hospital than the fierce shock of battle. But to
rest upon his shield,when .the bganer of the
roe flaunted in his' faces was tore. then hI(
proud spirit could, brook,. Like .the princel y
agle that sioop nli lfty ,myfe t2 I
away the otruggling shrieking prey, ho toro
terrific pas'ptw -'
heighte o o
love to abiidtb)r.
Dx~used a 1o6e-I
o0 rn ralleledgei
by th lighirng tale'ofondauj
was anong/ tl oichetsti
death edrio Yehoa
Thou h sa
a land-locked bay, shut .utfro.n .
rage, but which feeli thh
its shattered 1vaterer thed m
stori beatdxi-v.e that-roll .
out she rocked b
and hung upon te varvhar events
Never can she fo-get-lief* Paluje
for in the -language ofU,
orators, "they have nnedl
ter of the iosibutt
Gracchi" an never can she
names of these ohieftaigsW
bnde bore her-baq-ieet
should perish, but humanity
the misfortune. for th.ey . ..
the cloqnent and beautiful,:
author' or'"Mp Dreashiw P .
"Who darea to say they died
The great who sunk to rest- ari
Whilt though his might ste
WhO dare to say- that these h edV "
When history adjudgesj a
perets,'lustrous will b misurree
upon the chronicles of tihn t in -
enrolement. will be ,anj 8na' True,
every exigency of intercous'e; a a man
to bQ loved, aud a soldier-w
shewn a spurioui Tweny ID teof the
Brmnk of Geor~etownclt
of the South- ve'strn 1h Id
being voll executed,'it 0-1
to Iulic notice, ia order nt the
cuation. The tIreeiriost dIst'i; in
observable in these b ,ila e
enable th6 receiver to det"* a t e
following---i4n the cou. r e. theX
on the face ofthe bill- is in aneh' ved.cici
Jar ground, whi le the engraveiidthe
gnuine is somewhat oblon e.
M' AKAT is: writtei)'na
counterfeit.than 'in6he .ie k!j
of the counfe Rei fitigi
of the gnuki a dMe a 6 a
are somid other tests by whicli te discovqru
might be made by i close e sucha
the XX s .being.small ;in the
genuine.;w) the inprpslo isin
but Ihe general nppearriice i't suc
as. is likeljj.de e n ios
Cuner, M learn ha
been a,conside . ezflifur trei
Twenty Dollar ~I on' tw
Bank, noticed, byaus i ~ ~ *
which havo e pgesente4
One packag,.rce~ -~n ~,*
contained upwardliof $1jdf lt,
of the spurnous bills 0 t sfi~6
must be on their ga aid~
.e W~ashingdn Uni the
is no donbt the President s D
recall thie*South Caxln. ~
impolitic to dos ,~~ h cwou id~
other reg imenta Tobtjo~i a.~ n
thainot a single offieror man oaty1~
toe has expressed:to the gvcren
TuE FAr 6. AN OiTRUDER- yito
TusE RIGHT GRT!--W6Iearn that,.on Sat.
urday nightlanst, a negro main belongin to
the Rev, Mr. Owen of this cimty edJ)e. at
the house of Mr. JohiliA AIullins,t short
distance fro'ri his maI" send kqpg 'ng at
the door mn a very boi ferous manner rut..
ly demanded i'brnediate entrandeo M .l
hane was absernt at the tilneihi 1fe'yas
no one about the- house to pgotecdh ~ wife
ind little children, who were-ni -tarmed
!for their safety ; but the aot
herself..possession, and-deia i~jlaln
that entrance would be~ givn ono- t
that late hour of neght. Ther
persisted, threatenigto foic
into the house if the door wasitf iid 3t,
husband's'shiotnn, whiclia -~t
god, and discharged its contents
of the obtruder, whose dO'r&is,,& ir1a 'n
the following morning, abeout half a'Iil
The nespaper is a law bEk fordi indl t.
a sermon for the thougees, a library foth
the poor; ifrmayetin nat e rnost id -
it mayjinstriiet the kif60t rfo~y,.~
INFLUENZA AND:U CO3hr~&
It is indoad a niodlanchilt ~~i~hq
sands fall victims tQ cpnuiaitapiot. '\or
from no other cause, tjfari neglii
yet we find hundra~s, ia' thqIWu
treat such complaints with the grpa jud
ference, and lot tiiorn run ~i rfr ke~,a!
*even mnonths, without tinl o
At first you have wh' * ad
cough or- coldy q~.
or carelessness t~~
or chest, expectorate' tare a b
ter, perhapined wrih blA
foolish neglent ht r gi~
If, then..yotY1o w j
in time, .and:dn4
trust tn'~ W