Newspaper Page Text
tu Iecf eoln in the ofu MesIco
A? detacidnt under. Chl.Wynkoop
eaptured Genieral Valeia and his aid,
2and Col.'Arrista~at the :hacienda of the.
ebriwr, Tepjaco, on the et inst c61. Wyn.'
koop was in pursuit of Jai-auta aind Rea
at the time~' These' eucaiped' him a fewv
hours only. Gen.- Valencia and Col. Ar.
rfsta were releasedon parole.., wr
Cols. Trorrejon, Minon adGadwr
shortly afterwards captured at~ Amay~uca,
near Puebla. by Domingiei GCaptain of~
the Mexican spy company in the service
-of the United States.
[ Special Co'rrespon~dence of the Pzcayune]j
CITY OF MExIco, Jan. 12, 1848.
You wvill fmnd in one of thelotters of'the
gentleman who continued--his correspon
dence with you during my indisposition,
an account of the capture of Gen. Valen
cia, the renowned hero of Contreras, and
Col. Arrista at the hacienda of the form.
er, in this valley, by a party of Texan
Rangers under command of Col. Wyn.
koop, of the Pennsylvania Volnteers.
From all Icanlearn, the expedition was
managed in the most successful manner,
and the party came very near laying hands
on Padre Jarauta himself, who has been
busy in this vicinity some weeks.
Yesterday, Dominguez, th- captain of
the Mexican Spy Company, arrived with
a small mail, and brought .intelligence of
his having had a brush with, a party of
the enemy's cavalry beteen Ojo de
Agua and Napoluen. The cavalry he
dispersed, and took prisoners Gens. Tror-.
rCjon, Minon and Gound, who. were with
* the party, and delivered them over to Cob
Childs, at Puebla, together with two Am
erican deserters whom he found with the
party. I regret that in addition to theso
captures I cannot add that of Gen. Salaz
ar, who rendered himself infamous by his
cruelty to the Santa Fe prisoncrs. The
scoundrel was in the city a few days since,
upwards of twenty four hours, with his
family, and the authorities, on learning
his whereabout, sent a body of soldiers to
arrest him, but unfortunately he had left
the city about two hours before it was
known he was here. All these prisoners
have been liberated on parole. The po
licy ofliberating these men Ithink ex
tremely doubtful. On parole they can
go where they please, and among their
own people can say what they pleaie,
which enables them to do us much more
injury in exciting the people to acts of
hostility than if they were never taken
prisoners, and their influence not confined
to such pearts of the country only as they
could muster courage to visit. As an in
stance in proof of what I say, I am told
by a gentleman who came up with Colon
el Johnson's train from Vera Cruz, that
on entering one of the small towns at this
side of Puebla, which was an advantage
ous position to resist the advance of Col.
Johnson, Geni La Vega (who, together
with his brother, Col. La Vega, taken at
hiuamantl, and Gen. heren, taken at
Cerro Gordo, came up with the train on
temporary parole) addressed the first knot
of his countrymen he met in the town, and
asked them why they were not up. It
would be much safer tO keep these men
confined here, oirsnd ti a to the United
It is impossible to say when there wu'ill
be a movement towards any of the cities
stii in the possession of the nemy. The
commander in chief; nfidlent, pecrhlaps,
of a peace resulting from the propositiond
of which it is said the Mexican Govern
ment has made, is not disposed to disturb
the deliberations of the Government at
Qseretaro by sending an expedition in thit
direction, or to create new causes of ani
mosity by making additional conqusts
until the result of the proposition is known.
A bearer of despatches from Wash ing
ton arrived yesterday with Col. Doming
ucz, and it is possible that an onward
movement may be ordered. If' it is or
dered soon, there is little, if any, proba
bility of resist; nce being offered to our
progress. There is not at any one point
that I can learn sufficient men and mili
tory supplies to resist one thousand of our
We have news to day from Qumeretaro.
Anaya wh~o w~as elected President afler'
:Santa Anna's resignation, has gone out of
oflice, the term; having ex pired, and Penny
Penn, by right of'his oflicc as Chief' Jus
tieo, at present fills the vacant chair, or
has been elected President--I cannot posi
;tively learn which, but I am inclined lo
believe the former, lie has declared that
he will pursue the policy of Anaya. who
*is supposed to be favorable to peace. The
letter which brings this ncews is dlated the
8th inst, and says the Cabinet has been
reorganized by the appointment of Sr.
Rosas as Minister of Foreign IRelations
and temnporairy Secretar'y of the Tlreasur'y,
Riva Salacio as Minister' of' Justice, and
~Pedro Maria A naya as Secretary of War.
Yours, D. S.
Cryor Mexico, .Jan. 13, 1848.
On Monday last the conmnande r in-chic f
wvas informed of a movemeont dlesignied
~here ta attack the quarters ef thme oflicers
,of the army, and, if poosible, to take them
prisoners or kill them. T1he .pla u vs,
:that the population, or so much of it as
could be induced to take part in the con
spiracy, sh uld r'ise, and, assisted by a
body of guerrillas whiichx were to ontor' theo
*city at a certain hour, make the attack.
'During the day .the commnander-Iin-chief
~infqraTierl Al the chief oflicers of the Inten
.dedI attaok, designated rallying points for'
sheo different regiments, and miado every
,dispositton necessary to defeat the insur
at 6ed; h pre
jia v dpeifiaeedpeented,
tn ttmt to execut..s Opltie h pro"."
Abotoaftie, Iiurrectin ewrd eipr
blind to th eff'et. of their plan6o forisse
id" therrii mnust ha veVbkn'utterly reckless
as to-consequencesvbichirguld result to
their oivruicountryren afojri rthei6 temp
had benjnae,tihere is lnt ani ofieer ij
the army, nto excepg the command er
iunthef i.mslf, hv beuld have restrain
eahe trosqfroren ckicg the city"'. Dur
tn the nighut, Litenant Baker of the 5tl
Ininfgent cmianing a patrle
.came s ight 'f ted iehrts near the Piazza
do Toro, ue thereuhrn part of the city
on e of.which,.'containing one hundred
stand,of arms',.h captured; the other he
was unable to conlie up with before it was
placed- in concealment. Whether Gen.
Scttha the names of the p5iies.who ori
gindnated plot, or not, I do not know; but
it pretty well understood that the chief
conspirators are among the soldiers of the
Mexican army, who assumed citizen's
drstswhen our army c ntred the city,
and hanve remained here since. A few
days may reveal more in relation to the
. You will, peraps, learn before this
reaches you, of at similar attempt at Pue.
S a, vhich the promptitude atnd deterina.
tion o Col. Childs nipped in the bid.
THE SUMTER BANNER:
SUMTERVILL S. C.
Md henr a m, S ebrar 9 i8y,
FRCIS av r A MIS, EDIT,
AGENTS FOR THE BANNER.
Mess;rs. WurrE, &Co. Smtnterville, S. C,
T. W .PEG UEs, Esq., Camden, S. C.
CAPT'M BLANDING A ND ESUMTE R.
It was the intention of the Washington
Light Infantry of Charleston ciyo thie
mnstant, to have presented to Capt. WnVrILuM
BLANDrNG, of the Charebton Volunteers, a
splendid gold rnedal as a mark of their - es..
teemn for his gallant conduct in Mrexico. The
day proved so unfavorable, that the forinab
public presentation of th. Cm1d was post
poned to a miore favorable timje when a pa
rade of the company will take place and the
presentation be made in due formn.
Capt. Blanding, before leaving for the seat
of war, was a mnember of this company and
still continues a brother soldier. H~e has
oltained the approbation or his feNow cit(
zens and of the city from which fie went.
A t 6 O'clook of the evenig of the Ete
day, the company and invited guests sat down
to an elegant dinner at the ChIrleston Iotel,
at which the cnptain of the company, Mrg W.
D. PoIrn, poesided. A song, n welcomne
to our Brother," was sunt; and regular and
volunteer toasts wvere tivea. Re fre
madbli preettio Pofrt cmlmentary was Cpt.
pBlandig toamrevoiobte reaing ofwhe ahird
reuof teotwhic will tae foue nd then
presentatnb ol do ine ubornte h. eo
ath reglantiast bore acong o the set
stil conur aunroWthr soer. l aoe har
obtais nd therobenath ofnri fetw know
czen. n ftect ro hc ~ et
honre in otheo ofrtism evningvti of her~f
to.a eleat dWm.e atdinmote Charleston bd
aoteerichThe atanofthu coldie r h has
won hisU pauesiuon. manga blod balce
told ourTher, Wasng' fght rtguitr arel
Chalneetoastslwremgibern. rears were
ABleig rev(st the reading of the thirdtosanth
sueurtappls, Caie wit. beland arosang
thoelt fol V upoon the wh hi opnole of
amwrigthe reua o ss ocorf thauitrsenby
the sirie onsadmanri.wihh
Regiment Coufhilers adthserg aoe our
he, andhroleneathCouriee wesribnwh
nprodeingl, cotan that fowng paranp
cin.gr oor aturn
2.om at. SCrrof theOr Numher nuo/un
conorablne of hernm auder m~edl tret
hredinf the hettir, and gav the oaflant
desclant of h "ae sk". uh
Among ts.~Jhe oluntifir tos oere givena
wn his honorels follows: .a , olvht ~
By1(1 Sergt. R renin nson, Ligth. I. aut.r
rudtor--l hmas aro himelfh wothy of
the ilustrous will e ears, and rear his l
glant onduc nes. od atl ilso
Aferio thas reaihedofabouthird bros an hp
suet unte fadinlaue at lls. n rsn
dwet upothe leted ofgist- hemphos if
arhe wveingeols of his gallntodscenant
Te siittoies anf thervein wcntnue
potAye txhne amhieveiens oha ther larnetno
leithn si eadens ofd thoslae Chanc e.
loi Dhauresin serier inin the het
roeint, amongtwhnm li olour' arnttowni
iAmoga the omplimnts paidtorCptai
fWm. BLANpt. was (mmu'of the Gvenor oin
Viergi, regetin presening hiim to atmlarge n
rdine in the laptor, andclamed the a hiltd
int ais onfortas-twlovmenwocm ufi
;.: .... ia.g.. b
bdqyotd e l otkheagloriou vi ie"
the yal)ey Mexi have been ach
THE TELEGRiPHfi JaU
Iri a short time te tilegz piv ll e in
operation from Boston to NIe Orlean
through Charleston, and communication
vill be'interchanged between these dis
tant cities of the Union with the rapidity
of lightning. It is strange that the mind
of man should invent the means of trans.
initting with such certainty and velocity
the substantial meaning of material words,
when it is considered that the transmis
sion of'the words in the form of a letter
from Boston to'Charleston requires four
days, while the conveyance of a telegraph
ic communicatioi between the same
cities will consume only a few minutes.
The invention of the telegraph is one of
the greatest ever accomplished *or con.
ceived by the mind of man. It forms a
new chain to bind together in the honds o1
federal anity the wide extended mnember
of our uhion. In connexion with rail.
rauds the intercourse established by then
will do' much to moderate many loca
prejudices occasioned either by ignoranc
or want of association. In many parts o
our country the white posts of the 'tele.
graph stand by the side of the railroad
like the standards of peace point'ig oul
the pathway and proclaiming the sover
eignty of civilization. The telegraph
and railroads are eminently favorable to
aidi favored by peace. They supply
early information and quick despatch, twc
most important means for securinga coun,
try against war and invasion and repel.
ling it when present, Tntese supplic
are also of primary importance to com
merce; and thus these inventions are the
means of the increase of civilization and
consequent happiness to man. lI thes<
things the benefits of science are most evi
(nt. They are some of the results o
the dissemination of' ksoivledge and the
cultivation of- intellectual power amon
maen. Their rapid extension over the
whole country is a remarkable evidenc<
ofthe avidity with which our country.
men seize upon whatever ten.dsto (level
ope its resources.
The English are making renewed' efibrta
to forward the cultivation of cotton in Indin
At a late meeting of the Manchester Coin
mnercial Association it waa ascertained tha
there is a tract of country in the district o
Comnhatore containing one and a quarternl
lion of acres adapted to the cultivation of cot
ton as good as that of New Orleans. .
sample of the cotton raised on. tbse, lanil
was produced and prcnounced by conpeten
judges to be equal to the American. Thi
Association recommended the continued cul
ture of this cotton, raised, as it was, froan
American seed, and the trial of its growtl
and prodluce on low grounds, near the coast
which mnore resembled the native home of th<
plant. The East India Company support ana
countenance the enterprise. This has tis
appecarance of more success than any formne
meaasure. It is expected that the Comobators
tract will send to thme English market 100,
0001 hales, annually, rmised fromt Amoerical
aseedl. There is no doubt that the English
will use every ecTlort to become independen
in a greater or less degree of the necessity a
puarch-ising cotton raised by slave' labor.
STIF.A M COMM UN ICA TION,
Thme mnerchanlts of' Baltimore and Philo
delphmin propose to establish lines of steari
pac ket communication between thaeir sev
eracl cities and Chiarleston, mand measure
have been token to eflhet these objects.
Speed ini transporlation & security aigains
thmedingers of the sea are, we suppose, th
prinipal objects in esta~lishinmg the pro
posed lines, which will be attained by~ till
const ruction of st romng and sea-worthi
svrtships and not steambdoats as formerly
the use of which latter lhas repeatedli
cauised appalling loss of life on the deser
andI en'agulphing waters of the ocean.
A large meeting, recently held in Newv Or
leans to favor the election of Geia. TAvr~or
to the Presidency, passed many resolutions
ill furtherance of that object. There ap
pecars to be some probability of a divisioi
among the whligs in regard to a presidentia
canidatae. Those ini Washingtonl are anx
ions to hiohl a nmatoional conavention ini Cincin
nati to avoiud the T1aylor iinfluonce in Balti
maore. Th'le refuisal of Geon. T1. to becom
Ihe candlidamte olmany particular party, the en
listment o~f many of thme whaigs ini his favor
hismnt of mnany of the whiigs in his favor, anm
andu the probabmlo nomin-ation of another aa
theO candaidate of tile w~hig party proper, aa
cause a dhofeat (of both their candidates and the
elect ion ofi a demnocratic President, if a unaia
imiouls noinaittioni is made by the opposing
party. Thea presidenatial campaign may be
regarded as ho0 4iun. South Carolina is quiet
The agitationi huas cormemnnced in othier parts
of the Union.
Thle Ilon1. Piero Soule0 has been elected U
S. Senator for six years from the 4th Marc}
Senateoi, yT~F eil5
ed his un . Meaie.
This geni asa law r 'al aproaci
or of the Methodist churc so.the Ppers
say, the u two dharacters in
the same prsiany tonsido et rely I
The d'emocrats in ashington baiv
commenced preparation for the otrganiza
tion of a national.convention -iele and
nomina candidate for the Pidesideqey,
and unanimously recommend that be
convention assemble inpaltimore on the
fourth Monday in May.
FREEMONT COUIT MARTIAL.
This court has closed its lahboi, but
its decision is not yet kr~vn. Tie friend:
of Col. Freemont are confident that he
vill not bd found guilty of the charges
made againat him.
This monument will be of the height of
000 feet; the circular base pile 1.Q f&et,
the obelisk 500 lb'et,--a stupendous do.
A new article has come into commercial
use under the above name which is repre,
sented as far more valutAb'c than india-rub.
ber, while it possesses in a greater degree
all the qualities, of that substance and is
more firm. It consists, we thiik-, of a
kind of gum. Its uses are very numer
ous and it iisrapidly bcqoming a. desibera.
The last accounts from Europe contradict
the previous report of ths- existence of tipA
cholera in, Indon. It is, however, 'certair
that it ia travelling eastwardly through Eu.
rope. and in time will reach our country.
TEN REGIMENT BILj
This bill is still before the Senat, and it is
doubtful if it will pass that body, Should it
pass, it is considread certain that it wilJ be
defeated in the Uouse. Tl.w Pre-sident will
probably have autleority to call out additional
At a meeting held by the request of the
t citizens of Clarendon, on the North side
r of Black river, at the Muils of the.Rev'd.
IF. Bush, on Saturday, 5th February, 1848,
Capt, Henry J. Smith was called to the chiir
- and J. K. McElveen requested t4 ait aa.s,
A motion was-mada byWm. R Burgess,
that the chairman appoint five men as a com
miittee to select a man to represent us in the
nexct Legislature, rmd report to-this .meeting.
The chair appointed Rv~ F. Bush, Win.
R. Burgess, David Green, A; H. Thompson,
and J. J. Reardon. .
After a few minutes deliberation,: Rev. F.
Bush made the following Reporte --
Your commiitten beg leave to report that
they have considered the matter and report
as their selection, Dr. S. WV. Wzrr..nsooNq.
On motion, it was
Resoired, T1hat the proceedings i blishi.
ed in the Sumter Banner.
The meeting then adjonrned. -$
IEN RY J. SMITHS
LIEUT. JAMES WILLIS CANTEY.
Whenever men fall in the performance of
heroic action's, bravely upholding the flag ot
their country, and vindicating from dishonor
the national escutrcheon, inistinct summ~onls to
the boiden duty of perpetuating their names
and commemaor'' 'I their paitriotismn. They
wvho have rallied ..s the " cross fire" swvept
past, and with strong hands and loyal hearts
have borne their country's -"nailed colors"
- wvhere the battle-god played fiercest, and the
battle-tide pressed ,arest, here found a
nation's heart their u'~soleumu and a nation's
tears their funeral tribute. Past times n
claim storied urn and monumental niarbjig
mountains carved into barbaric mnonunments:f
sceptredl swvay, anid bra zen statues constructed
from battles' spoliatnd trophies; but prouder
far is America's Reopublican memorial. The
laurel enwreathodl with cypress, the nation's
heart bowed down at the hearthstone of the
afiicted and desolate. F~romn the starry throng
of those who.in Mexico lost their lives upon
the bloody and brilliant fields of war, we may
be allowed to select tho youthful hero, whose
namie heads our article. Tirue to the memories
of his manhood and race, lie was among the
first to -respond to the tapping drum and bugle
blast, and enrol himself in that volunteer band
wvhose nmeteoricaexploits have constlellated
anewv thme Palmetto State and won for lier a
fresh diplonia of renown. Loyal in heart, faith
ful in friendshmip generous in sentiment, manly
in feeling and brave in spirit, lhe was wvatched
as lie mioved from among us with the endear
ing solicitude anid yearning sympathy of
friends. IHnving just emerged from the
portols of the College, crowned wvith the
unhomught and loyal love of his class and fri
ends, ho had a glorious career to run. As lie
rallied around old Kersuhaw,s bannier erected
over the grave of D)eKalb, elastic in spirits atid
resplendeiit in manhood, wve knew the wvarrior
gage wvas his,that his step would be where hon,
or was, and only supplicated that thme bloody
tide ini battle might roll past and not engulf him
inits sanguima~ry torrent. 0xemplarymidiscip,
line, devoted to his duties, punctilious in lion
or, his warrior friends point to him as the mod
el of a man and soldier. Wiorn dowvn by fatigue,
wasted biy disease, and exhausted by his unin.
ternmitted duties, wvhen the bugle summoned
him to the tented field lie was fitter for the
hospital than the fierce shock of battle. But to
rest upon his shield, when the banmer of the
foe flaunted in his face, -was mo're then hl6
proud spirit could brook. Like .thie pr'ncelf
Ieagle,'that swvoops from his lofty cyre tbign
away tho etruggling shrieking prey, he' toro
IQ th n th s
terrific paske ab
love to amid Mt
wild lsh6 fto * 4
by the blightdng 'tale-ofos*
.was among thficheatsoop
Tholigh a waaife
land-- M, rK
vibrate d'W ith 9lati 1
a land-locked bay, shut outf t
rage, but which feelj.iti the'
its shatteredivatersw the nmaO
storm beatAlitaves hatirollboA
out she rocked uothe bilowso
and hung upon te varying events
Never can she forgot-hei ahnett p
for in the'- language of ouei
orators, "they have -d U
tef of 'the Saf ios, but'th'
Gracchi" an never can she
names of these chieftaiar
bands bore her-bannetr ctory.
"Twdld be!sacrile tt
should perish, but humault c
the misfortune, for they p I
the.eloqnent and beautiful6
author'of "My Dreia"h
"Who dares to say'they died?
The great who sunk to rest
What though bs might stern
to say-that these h ied
When history adjudged i s and
pereats, lustrous will be IF rrecticOi
upon the chronicles of tim6;,iWd.igriht in the,
enrolement will be Cantey's namg. 'rue, i
every exigency of intercourse, h' as a main.
to belQ.ed, p soldieritho roach.....
Counterfeit Bill.-Yesto ay ,e were
shown a spurious Twenty Do ote of thq
Bank of Georgotown, detec
of the South- Westek h
being. well executed,it tor
to public notice, in order o Nent theireir
cuation. The threenibst distigqi sing *9
observable in these :bill., adi ich 'ill
enable th receiver to detect '.m a n e>,
foliowing: --.n. the - counterfei it X
on the face of the bill is in an engraved circu
lar ground, whiln the engraved-groid in the
nuineissomewhatoblong .The nameif.
UWAv. is writteni-in L arIi
counterfeit than in.lthe L T e papo .
of the counter'feit bill' isi' i t
of the genukiih af'e(a dar k"C01r. Thert.
are somd other tests by whicli the- discovery
might be made by a oe sobi'ver,'Ouch a
the -XX'A being, smaller j6)isq l iiho
gonuine,ipu thi lysp 1o2, istin
but..dhe geerag grne
as lsihkel s .u
C- neVfi. - er
been a,co'nside lu t
Twentf. Dollswm- p r oy
Bank, noticed by us~~T
which have liegeen~1 san
contamned upwards 'o 6~rd.
of the spurious; bills. r fens
rotust be on .their gdad? ~ -~
The Vshingei ~ tii h
is no doubtthe .President vo4 abeli L
recall thie So'uth~ Cafolina jip' x '
but under'exit~4 71 1~it'.oJ
impoiti nts o c wouldin e
other regimen~ta e faorSn
greatly reduce the imy4J. edzta al
that not a siin~id iic orn an of anea
tos has expressed'to the govcaiee ~ d~
for recalL--bid. ~ X~.~
TuE FATR OF AN OBTRaUDR--A Waftor'
-rna RxGHT GnrrI--egl1earn that,.on Sat.
urday night last, a negro ma~n belonit
the R1ev, Mr. Owen of this ioiunty cal at,
the house of Mr. John 4Mullins,*n short
distance froz~*is nma tind' knipcking at
the door in a very beil rous mitnner abrupt.
ly demanded imrnediiate entirare. Atr.1ul
ins was absent at the tlzielneled- tfiere *as
no one about the house to pitectith~ wife
and little childr~en, who werejnifearmed
Hfor their safetribot th0
her self-possessiob, andd 1*jhtically
that entrance wvould bs''given tolo ~e at
that:late hour of tj!nsghat. The e4J
persisted, threate I to for * 'Thi
into the house if the Jor wa~snot l~Ia4 ~
husband's shot-gnn, whidh was ahlhi ~4
god, and dischargdit conte n tl ~ y~
of the obtruder, whose dorpladvasfoudrl oaf
the following morning abant halfa amile.fmuj
The nespaper is a lawvbook for' the mndole'lt
a sermon for the thoughtlpas, a lbayfor th.
the poor; it mhaystininha te most aa
it mayinstruct the inds~ pr(otuc
INFLUENZiA ANI)0 Cd4i~
It is indeed a ni6lnnch$ 'thlos
sands fall victims tce onsimptbo ea
from no other cause tija nego
yet. we find hundredsif thQ
treat such complaints with the nd
ference, and let'them~ run pl nek.a4
even months, withouttmkig lr
At first you have wvt
cough or cold yi1k
any attention; :tte
--you become ltas~
or chest, expectorate b
ter, perhapsamied itK~
breathing eti~ue, n th -
foolish neglect hvi
If, then, yguve) 4
inl time, and do'