Newspaper Page Text
rit 0 tior tri
~feaethtatiill eo ton
dlhi it oi'y roet c Ion slaveol.
State. willnot hasard their pousity,
on f delejinpi, hyoiTl
inta o.aty'of peace,even. thou!
ha'd to.abandot so 0e. ofithir epeatedly
avoWd principles. Th fifty four men and a
fe*others, all democrats exeptVMr. HAL,
willgo against the treaty. It is still the opinion
today that.the treaty, with some modification
willi be _atified.' The Senate.was in secret
sessionon the treaty to day, and -it is said that
the discussions were very warmo Mr..Allen
'1t is said, spoke vehemently ainht it.
The Presidoit professes to very desirous
6f the ratification of the treaty; and 'Mr.
SEvisa is exerting all his influence in sup
0 z ftv-Athe organ of the Executive, on
- 4drdered that 20,000 copies of
sas delivered in the :two Houses,
on ~e Ife,'death and services af. Mr. AbAMs,
be rie-d for distribution. This is very well.
The-addressees wero worthy of such special
notice. On motion of Mr. C. J. INGERSOLL,
a the'franking privilege was extended to Mrs.
-AD Ams. ' Anaas' seat is shrouded in
black,.and is to remain unoccupied, by orde
of the House, during the session. Thdes
was first opened to day, and the -papers remo
ved by Mr. C. F. ADAss.
. Death of Dr. Glen-The Matamoras Flag of
the 16th ult, announces the death of John C.
Glen, Sergeon U. S. A., which occurred in
that place on the 1 4th. The Flag thus noti
ces the deceased:
"Dr. Glen was a native of Charleslon, S.
C., and entered the army June 22,1829. He
had served creditably in the Florida war-was
for some time u on duty on the south western
border of the United States and in Texas
and for the past two years or more had been
serving with the Army of Occupation in Mex
ico. The death of no one could cause more
universal sorrow, and the grief occasioned
Is deeply and sincerely felt by all who had
the pleasure of his acquaintance. May He who
does all thing for good, so order this dispen
Pationfiof his Providence, that the grief of his
relatives may be assuaged and that they may
find comfort and consolation in their bereave
inent in the truth of his divine promises.
"The remains of the lamented object of our
notice were interred in the army burial ground
at this place, with the military honors suitable
to his'rank, and his obsequies were attended
by a numerous concourse of friendi, citizens
as well as military."
[From the N. O.'Picayune.-Feb 27]
LATER FROM VERA CRUZ.
The U. S. steamer Edith, Capt. Conillard,
arrived yesterday morning from Vera Cruz,
whence she sailed on the 19th iistant, bring
ingpapers from that city of that date. We
have letters from our correspondents in Mex
ico as late as the 7th inst., but they are not so
late as intelligence received by the Dee, al
though containing interesting matter. We
* - cannot learn that there had been arrival from
the city of Mexico since the Dee left.
* A rumor prevailed in Vera Cruz when the
Edith left, that Santa Anna had made an ap-.
plication to Gen. Scott for a pa'ssport to Vera
Cruz and permission to leave the counstry, and
that Gen.- Sinott had acceded to his request.
Those who credited the rumor believed that
he would arrive in Vera Cruz in four or five
days, to embark for Europe or Havana. The
A reo Iris of the 18th instant contains the fol
lowving article on its Spanish side:
Genm. Santa Anna.-We are assured that
Gen. Santa Anna has. arrived wvithin a few
days at Tustepec, provided with the passport
* which he demanded from the Government,
* countersigned by Gen. Scott. Should this
prove to be the case, it is not improbable that
the view of embarking for a foreign country,
in search of an asylum which he has not been
able to find in his native land. It is also as
serted that he will not proceed to Havana, as
the Government of the island has prohibited
his entry. We have not much faith in this
intelligence, and it would be a pity if it should
be true, as it is not easy for Don Antonio to
find an asylum where he could give himself
up with so much liberty to his natural inclina
tion for intriguing.
Since wvriting the above we have conversed
with a passenger on the Edith, who states that
he had been informed that Gen. Scott had
t grangd Santa Anna his passport, and that he
wvas (expected in Vera Cruz bythe 24th inst.
hMExICO, Feb. 3, 1848.
* Dear sir--People say here generally that
the peace is signed, and that an indemnifica-.
tion of some ten mnillionis will be given by the
United States for the territory they take,
while a considerable body of troops, say 10,
00, will be left to sustain the Government.
Ja the moan time the Mexican Government
iin difficulty, wishing to negotiate a loan of
isome 8800,000 only, and cannot effect it un
til the publication of the fact of a treaty of
peace being entered Into, as every one is
naturally anxious to know what he may ex
* ~pect in future; while unless the Government
can obtain this it can hardly march, as the
States wrIl step supplies of all kinds on pr..
tence of hbmg or te wvar, and that the Gov
ernment does not proceed on the wishes of
T thr1eOer day Gen. Scott was invited to a
gadparty in the Desierto, about seven
Teges from here, which has been the sub.
ject of much talk. It would seem that a noto-.
rioats character, named A braham do los Roy.
es, a Spaniard, who lasa been seven times con-.
victed of assassinations and escaped from the
Acordada, was there reconnoitering, and it
was rumored tfiat the commanderm chief
would go attended only by twenty-five drag.
cons. However, he was disappointed in his
expectatouis of taking the General, as there
wasi addition a regiment of Rifles, with two
pieces, and jiany sentinels were placed in
the woods ab ut, so that ho was obliged to
make himself scaree. -'The thing passed off
FRAC CISLN AAISBDIOL
AGENTS FOR THE W BANNER.,
esrs. WrIT 6 C JSaterlle;U8. C.
T. W .Prouss, Escq., Cadet: $2.
he reported sales of cotton in tije C r
. on market during the past week were
at prices varying from -6, to 7 3-4, ee s
per pound. This indicatis allgkig
provement in the market The retun
ing confidence among commercial men In
Europe united with the scircumstance 6f
the late very heavy importatioinsof ottoin
goods from England will p&biblyf okuse
an increase of prices for cotton to be ship
ped to that-country, while on the: other
hand the stoppage of operations In many
important factories in New-England will
lessen the demand for the article in that
RETURN OF A. VOLUNTEER.
We omitted to mention in our pa of
last week the return of Mr. JonN S..1
Dy during the previous week. He iftl
of the remaining few. of that'small but g1
lant band of Sumter Volunteers, who, a.
crificing considerations of interest and per.
sonal-safety the endearments of family
and friends, went forth at the call of their
country to brave- the perils of the sword
and disease on the fields of Mexico. His
relatives and friends are doubtlhss ulready
aware of his return. We regret toi her
that his health has been injured by the
campaign. We welcome him home to
Sumter and hope that the air of his.gve
soil will restore him to the enjoyment of
complete health and vigor.
MAGISTRATES &c. FOR SUMTER.
We call attention to the list "of magis
trates and other officers for Sumter Dis.
trictwhich we publish.to daif as a item
of Information to the people,, of, the Dis
trict. These officers were appointed at'
the last session of the Legislature.- 'Thoe
magistrates therein mentioed hbld 'heJr
offices from the first of March,. 1848, and
continue in office for four years.
We regret to learn that on the evening
of Thlursday, the 2nd inst., a melancholy
accident occurred near June's store and
Clarendon Post office which resulted In
immediate death. Mrr Wu.' BAnwrCK,
was riding in his vehicle about sunset,
having left Mr. June's store not long abe
fore, when, his horse taking fright and
running away, he was thrown out, and,
his head striking against a log lying
by the roadside, isa brains ivere dashed
out. Being a heavy man, this added to the
force withgavhich he was thrown. It is
said that at the time of the accident he
was intoxicated, thus adding another to the
long train of accidents, evils and cu'rses
attendlant on intemperance. Some sup
pose that men, while under the influence
of intoxication, are not so liable to acci
dent as sober men. Sad experience tells
a different tale and cautions ech and all
of us to beware of the strong poison of thle
A MERICAN AGRICULTURIST.
rTe March No. of -this agricultural pe
riodical Is before us. We notice two in
teresting articles, on the "Agriculture of
the Chinese," treating of rice, and'a letter
from Mr. Allen, a resident. in New Or
leans, in which lie makes some observa
tions og book farming. Intelligent men
have ceased to be frightened at the idea of
hook farming, because their knowledge
informs them that agriculture is a science
and that plants do not grow without law
and order but consist of component parts,
as do all compound substances, and that
they grow and consist of what they feed
on; hence that they require food. This is
taught by agricultural chemist ry, and sci
ence and knowledge are as important to
the cultivator of the soil as skill and cx-.
perience. Agricultural kilowledge de
rived from books is not to be despised but
is to be considered as a kind of informa
tion useful to the farmer. Rash experi
ments. must not be made by the wholesale,
but judgment should assist our lvedge.'
Agricultural periodicals, containing the
results ofecxperience, are frequenitlf ac
knowledged by the farmers to bri of~gregt
usc to them,
J 91 aa
Woct#I"n6a titat .diestin,wand
havi populationt thb'on 0 oul*;
mented no'frm te In ii of my2ilue
fromaMexico befire and sui qu h to our
entry into the Ceiital.
Dear Sir-I spoke last niht with",a gen.
tlieman who i.an Intimateafriend of one of the
Conlmissionere, and he tells methat the terms
of the treaty as told hii by theCommissioner
are as follows:- The rifor"Brav fori a limit
betveen the two countries 61 far i Where it
touches the 82d degree; fronh 'thened' along
that line (82d degree) to the 'river Gila, and
thence along *that river to the-Pacific. By
which the United States gain and -Mexico
loses Upper Californio, all new Mexico,
part of Chihuahua, perhaps a slice of Nuevo
Leon, and a considerable part of Tamaulipas.
The States agree to pay Mexico the sum of
020,000,000 indemnification for territory, in
monthly instalments: of $300,000, and to pay
the claimsof their citizens against -Mexico;
and two months after the Congress of each
country shall have ratified it, the States shall
withdraw from the capital their troops and -lot
the Mexican Govornmenttenter again into
possession, and that three months after this,
all the troops shall have passed beyond the
limits and out of the country.
Such are the terms that were signed last
Wednesday on the altar of the Collegiate
Church of Guaedalupe; whether they will be
ratified and carried into effect is another ques
tion; and it may even be permitted me to doubt
whether they can legaily be brought about. In
the first place this is a Republic that is a mutal
compact between sovereign States for this
mutual defence, and I cannot see what right
there is in the legislative body, called a Con
gress, to give away three or four of the States
composing so many fractions of the integral
[From the New-Orleans, Delta, Feb. 23.1
THE TREATY-ANOTHER VERSION.
A mercantile house in this city, of exten
sive connections in Mexico, received by the
British steamer a letter from a very authen
tic source, giving the following as the atipu
lations of the treaty agreed upon between Mr.
Trist and the Mexican Government. The
letter is dated 13th of February, and came
through the agency of the British Embassny.
The terms of the treaty are
1. The Uuited States get all the- territory
asked for by the propositions of September
a. Mexico to receive 820,000,000-three
to be paid on the ratification of the treaty;
five to be applied by the United States to the
satisfaction of claims of her citizens against
Mexico; and the remaining twelve to be paid
In instalments, as Mexico may desire.
8. The American Army to evacuate the
city of Mexico within one month after the
ratification of the treaty, and the entire coun
try within three months thereafter, unless the
sickly season should have begun on the sea
coast, in which event they shall be permitted
to occupy quarters thirty leagues inand until
the sickly season shall have ceased.
4. -The tariffestablished by the authority of
the United States to remain in force for a
limited time, (probably until the final evacua
tion by our forces,) wvhen it will be abolished
and the Mexico laws restored.
It is asserted that some months since Gen.
Scott received af letter signed by Messrs.
Clay Webster, Calhoun and others, advising
him to continue negotiations with thme Mexi
can authorities, And'to retain Mr. Trist to as
sIst him in such negotiations; to insist upon
territorial indemnity to the United States, but
in other respects to deal liberally with Mexi
co-and assuring him'that a treaty based up
on such terms would be ratified.
The latter part of the statement is no doubt
apocryphal. Indeed, we vouch not for the
correctness of any of it--but give it as it was
given to us; endorsing, however, the respecta
b ility of the source, which, it must be ac
knowledged, possesses peculiar facilities for
obtaining correct informition of affairs in
The AMagnetic Telegraph-Modus Opie
gandi.-Notwithtanding we have rend,
heard, and seen so much of the Magnetic
Telegraph, there are many who do not know
the mode by wvhichi it conveys intelligence.
The following explanation my therefore
.Suppose a cord be stretched along for'any
given distance, and the ends be held by two
persons who have agreed on certain signals
by which to communicate to each other
For example, suppose they have agreed that
one short, quick jerk of the cord shall repre
sent the letter A, two jerks B, three C, and
so on. Now then, it is easy to see, that wvith
sufficient practice, these persons could
easily spellout words to each other by means
of all tese preconcerted signals. But it
would evidently be a tedious - arid somewhat
uncertain process. Suppose, then, in order
to facilitate, each extremty oftheo cord should
be attpched to a hitle instrument which should
be made to play up and down like a trip
hammer, the face of which should be
furnished with a point anflicient to make
a small dot or mairk. Now, it will be maui
feat, that by having the cord stretched tightly
from one extremity to the other it wvou ld be
an easy matter, by moving one of those little
hammiers, to produce a corresponding motion
ii- the other. What now remains, is only to
contrive a way to record these motions. This
can easily be done by making a slip of paper
pass slowly under the point of the hammer
set mn motion: thus a single quick motion of
one hammer will cause the other hammer to
make a dot (.); two such motions two dots (..);
holding the hammer down for an instant,
whmile the paper is in motion, produce a short
mark (--); a longer period, a longer mark
(---); and so on. Then there can be a
combination of dots and dashes ('-...-.--..
--...), all of which shall be made to repre
sent .letters, words and figures, wvhich by
practice, many be just as easily read and un
derstood as tlm arbitr.ev marks which we
call letters, but which h.ue no significancy to
one unacquainted with the language.
Such as the elegraph, e....p. tha in.
0PI W" 9 fflord
aroq i a, 4t w rih~na4
:wH'iireeiv ft.,w hh.R
orosQ and, efe , u~
d iy InAplI'
On UQTr~i ~ Y
by - the lhirt' W'
.r .urner ..
tant'elghitW t0'.e o p WhI'
ton ronaeu te g .1
s~I~f~I6 ~ Y4 ocslowMpu
hae bee a o litical
Economy, Commeroeand Statoislaq tie
Unhv'ersiti ofLiiiin Th
nient confers honor '91 64 I
shows th n some Ing .tces a eIt, e
need not send abroad for, thoseiwhoeto
fill offices of honor,: trust .andl usifuhdess
in the south; It is only by edtinestii 6r
own oficeers af al fkids froli 'jn r
own people that we gan hope to. preervo
unanimity on important matters necessary
to our wclfire and sustain a-iielevateil
standard of qualifications Uessixry for
office.' Mr. DeBow is known as thV
editor of th' "Commercial Review ofthe
West and Southwestf published inNew
It is understood ibtithe President and
his cabinet heartily approve of the treaty
and.the anxiety of.the wholecountry f'i
its ratification is a' good eidence. thit ih
people are not dismatisfied withI ii
iviig hiVbandodzhir "no teiri
and "no ind'ernfication grotindsand arc
willing, and it is said, gid to make the
tfeiaty. "We 'consider tiit obi 6I
thatthe Mexiana r t T
Pon ipued non-attendance oflie deputies
necessary for the ratifiesition agursbiad.
lf. The frequdnt revol utions in:eico
have corrlipted-thb-natioiali di ' and
aused the people :o utn ,iIfi
tability of anye goverfif1er ~Te peo
ple are divided. Someofthern; the Purqe
by name, a liberal jgrty, are opposed to
the priesthood and tihe prevaencoo priest
'draft influende. Othini again are in fat
vor of the 'forrper , ordler of thingsLKh
liberal party~welcomed te apjeoacih of
the A mericans even while fightingagainst
themn. During the stay .of the arni
the city they have adquift~ Oag g
coursge. and openly avow their-principleb'
They dread the departure ?of theiAdieri.
can army. Tihe illiberal 'party,, pheld
by the great pow~er of prejudice and caus
tom, wvill use every effort toc emah prlnfci
pies and parties opposed to them. In con
sequence of this 'statrof things civil dis
cord is expected to follow the departure of
our army and-this very expectation exis
ting as it does among the Mexicans will
do much towards causitng civil ivaf and
possible violation of the treaty.jA. all
events, if the treaty. is ratified, the .line
car, be taken possessiorn of and the Mexi
cans left to the consequences of their ex
pected discord, corrupte iofrals and in
stabilityof' government. They may con
tinue to learn the severe lesson. of experi
ence and be, not learned nor practically
wise, even when 'the Anglo Saxon race
shell pass the line whicha shall: cede away
one third of the Mexican territory.
The President of the republic of Vene~
z~uela, Gen. Monargas, having favored the
liberal party in oppositiof to'the oligacl
ists wvho put hlim in powce It wasdeter,
mined to impeach him before the present
Congress. When tile President's message
wvas carried to thie Congress' cfilmter by
the home minister, two of the opposing
faction threatened his life. On tiebeing
known in the- street, the popuace and
some of the-'armed nilitta ru'shed totth~
door of the chanibot, whenb 'oth
plg was. shot down by ,ote 'of it
members' from within. T als ' ivdu~k.
ted- the multitude -that a general attack(
was made oathe chtfhubeF of repihtas
tivos en naity of tIfidre rgIN
led. The Presiderpt,-assistetg.bj theiil
tary chiefs end cii anthoreiehpufdow2