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'~I~V~~ ~ .t -147
ThE SUMTER BANKER:
"8Id0 OERT WEDUISAY XO1iN6, IY
WILLIAM J. FRANCIS.
T ER MO:
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, 57The number of insertions to be marked
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ed until ordered ,to be discontinued, and
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And Communications recommending Candi. t
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V"All letters by mail must be paid to in
sum punctual attendance.
Extract or an Ordinance
Enaced by thi Town Council of Sumterrille: r
For the information of all whom it may
dioneern, the following extract is published, C
to-wit: "SEc. 8. That no slave whsse owner r
resides without the limits of the town of ii
Sumterville, shall be permitted to work
therein, unless a written permit be first pro
cired from the Marshal; for which, the sum
of fifty cents, for common laborers, and the
sum of one dollar and fifty cents for mechan- t
ids, shall be paid: and that no permit shall 6
be for a longer time than three tuonths: and E
if any slave shall neglect tg procure a per- i
mit, such slave shall be imprisoned by the I
Marshal until released by Council; and in
no case set at liberty, .until the expenses of
his or her arrest and imprisontment have
been first paid.
Published by order of Council,
J. B. N. HAMMET, C
Clerk of Council.
March 13th, 1848. 21 tf
J oisclaurons. ,
CAUTION TO PLANTERS. c
D. C. Newcomb, of Franklin Parish, L, 4
writing to the N. 0. Delta, says: A circum c
stance occurred at my plantation a few days e
ago, which may be of some imporzance to the r
cotton planter. I had a large quantity of cot
ton seed to accumulate at my gin, which I
had removed by hailing it on nay corn ground. I
When we got in about the centre of the pue i
we found it to be on fire, and had burnt the t
seed into a perfect coal, some two yards
square. Had it not been so much smothered s
by the quantity of seed on the top, I have no i
doubt but it would haye broke out and con- C
aumed ny gin. We often hear of gin-houses
being burnt,duringthe cotton picking season,
which is always attributed to some incendi
ary.. There is no doubt now in my mind that
most of the gins that are burnt from unknown C
canseb, proceed from spontaneous combustion t
as above stated.
MARRIED AND SINGLE. 3
Mr. Crossby had arrived at that time of
life at which sensible -men, while their
habits assume a strictness, begin to in
dulge in a laxity of dress, and wear am.
pie waistcoats and easy boots. His fen.
tures and person betokened the man that
knows what to eat, drink, and to avoid;
who lives generously and at the same
time takes care of himself, and who has
been engaged in the cultivation of Epi.
curian philosophy for some 18 or20 ears.
In his hale, ruddy countenancer you
could read soundness and stamina, while
the 'crow's feet' at the angles of his eyes,
intimated to you that he was no chicken.
Mr. Crossby spossessed a comnpetence
and a commission in her Majesty' 5corps
of Gentlemen Pensioners; he lived in
chambers and died.at a club or coffee
house. Thus far in thme way of life had
Mr. Crosby marched on without i mpedi
mont; that is to say unmarried. But the
period had now arrived at which it cc. C
curred tohlim that if ho meant to marry r
at: all, he had bettor do It. He did it.
Five years afterwards he was seen in
Cork street, Burlington Gardens, survey.
ing wistfully the exterior of the Blue Pots,
in predicament though not in appearance,
resembling the Pern at the Gate of Para. t
dise. It seemed as though he had been c
buried in wedlock, and now like some i
unquiet ghost had returned to visit the
scenes of his former life. He had evi
dently exrhanged a life of single blessed
siess for the reverse; and he thus related
the story of his griefs, to an old acquain
tance ~who accosted him.'
"Take my advice, sir; never marry.
-Youj will ask how I came to do so? For
the best reason, sir, that a man can have
for committing any act foolish in itself.
There was beauty, sir;.there was temper,
there -was accomplishments, and some
rnoney. I was not rash, sir; J looked be.
fore'1 leapt-but, sir, I never should have
taken the leap. I did not marry in haste, y
although I am repenting at leisure. It
consulted with my friends who agreed 1I
that I was doing a good thing. I disoblig. (
.ed none of my relatives, sir, except my
nephew, who was my heir- presumtive.
Iwas not foolishly in love, either. The ti
case wathisi I was tired of living alone.-e
I1 befleved that my laundreas cheated me. ti
1 t*as convinced they stole my sugar, I tj
lost several shirts, and the rest usually
came from the wash without buttons.
:My. fire was frequently suffe~red to go out; a
and wheri I returned home wet in the feet,|
I. had to air my own stockings. Now itl v
itrkelme that by marriage I ivoiuldiviic
hese inconveninces. I had heuird ritic
>f domestio management, and was .indu.
ted to suppose that it would provide good
linners at a triffingesppese. ' Lexpected,
dao'that I should find~ny bo'is bettev
Prushed, and the state of my wardrobe, in
general better attended to than in- that of
:elebacy. I anticipated a byter ordered
reakfast table than what I had been no.
:ustomed to.' In short, sir, I looked for
in increase of comforts, and if I had not,
ir, I never should have changed my con.
"Now, sir, my groceries are not only
imbezzled, but that by a monthly nurse,
n addition to the servants, of whom I am
inder the necessity of keeping two; and
ny expenditure in that article has in.
treased ten.fold. - It is quite a fiction, sir,
hat matrimony is advantageous to, shiru
-mine are as buttonless as ever. The
ire in my study is neglected. for that in
he nursery, and my slippers are .iivaria.
>ly put out of the way. My warobei Is
eft to regulate itself, 1he - servantenbeing
Iccupied in dusting carpets and scrubbing
ioors; and once a week the house is turn.
d upside down, my. papers displaced, and
ny walking-stick and umbrella mislaid,
mnder- the pretence of putting them to
ights. I dine, sir, one day on a leg of
nutton, and for half the week afterwards
n the same dish in various forms. I can
iow appreciate the virtue of promptItude
a waiters. I know now what it is to get
chop cooked on ten minutes' notice
nd let me tell you, sir, those are no such
hings as chops in wedloek. It is worse
han useless to row up my servants. In.
tead of exciting their alacrity, it only
licits excuses from Mrs. Crosby. Then
vith respect to my breakfast. My news.
aper is indispensable to the comfort ol
hat meal. I can never read it in 'quiet;
nterrupted every moment, as I am, by
ome frivolous question or remark.
"The annoyance- arising from my chil.
ren, sir, are most intolerable. They are
ontinially crying, and a box on the ear
nly makes them yell the louder-and
ny wire joins in the concert. The best
of children are only less noisy and mis.
.hievous titan the ordinary run. But all
i them are subject to teething, whooping
ough and measels, which render their
xistence a burden to all around them, ex.
ept to their mothers and nurses, who I
eally believe, like the trouble which they
hus occasion. But their wretched con.
laints are not only troublesome but ex.
ozmive. I am nevor without a doctor in
he house. Whilst I was a single man,
ir, I never knew what -idial attend.
ace was. But women and children are
Iways ailing. Not only are my butch
*r's, baker's, grocer's, and other bills aug
nenting. but their number is increase
y a doctor's bill-with nothing to show
or it. And when I wias married I found
ut not for the first time, what rates and
"Between ourselves,sir, I don't mind
elling you. I got about two hundred a
-ear with Mrs. Crosby. But my addi.
ional expenditure so far exceeds that
um, that I am obliged to deny mysell
nany enjoyments. I have given up my
laily pint of wine, and I no longer smoke.
rhtus, sir, has matrimony not only de.
reased my comforts, but has deprived
ne of those that I already possessed. In.
tead of being able to take my stroll, to
cc the sights and learn the news of the
lay, I now find myself, resolving myself,
S I go, into a committee of ways and
neanis. Sir. this worry-this ceaseless
vcar and tear of the brain-deprives a
valk of its legimate and constitutional
'haracter. Sir, depend upon it, that it is
nisfake to marry for comforts. I find
nyself obliged to resign myself and eon.
ult thtose of others. A single man, sir,
nly one to take care of; a married one
as to take care of his wife and family,
made wvhat every body considered a
,rudent match. Sir, there are no such
sings as prudenm matches. I am as mis.
rable, sir, as I could have been if I had
tarried for love. So do you remain single,
Fyou have a regard for Number One, for
ri matrimony you will find that'you have
care for Number Two."
.PRACTICA ILLUsTRATIoN.-A lawyer, ye.
limed in a case of assault and battery, was
rows examinig a witness jn relation to the
>rce of a blow struck.
'What kind of a blow was given ?'
'A blow of the common kind.'
'Describe the blow.'
'I am not good at description.'.
'Show me what kind of a blow it was.'
Trho lawyer appealed to the Court.
The Court told the witness that if the
ounsel insistedupon his showing what kind
f a blow it was, he must do so.
'Do you insist upon it I' asked the wit.
'Well, then since you compel me to show
ou, it was this kind of a blow t' at the same
me suiting the action to the word, and
nocking over the astonished disciple' of
oke upon Littleton.
'There is no harm,' says the R~v. Mr.
iontgomery, 'in smoking tobacco, except
rat it leads to drinking rinking to intoxi.
ation-intoxication to bile--bile to indiges
ion.-ndigestion to consumption-consump.
ion to death-that is all.'
In the words of an affbctionate wife to the
gonmzing partner of her bosom, we beg It:
'.Don't stop to talk my dear, but go on with
* THi NGE~liANGj' "
"Yes" says a heroh! woman, "hang
ins too god-for ifA
AbQu t n a n4
It ma t t'genaiCout
in thesiSte of a most honid
murder was perpetrated byltwo -negroes,
upon the, body of .their inistress. Of
course public exCitement soon rose to the
"54 40" of Oregen thermometer, and the
Allens and Aannego,mwere not wanting
in the neighbourhbd to "gi"e noieg,"
of the alarming stories of many years
stpnding, raked up for present use; how
home made dirk knives had'been found in
boxes under ground, short swords con.
cealed in hollow logs, pluts diabolical and
designs nefarious, entertained by certain
"ni gers" upn "Mr. Sitoh.a-ones quar.
ter. which borne upon the wings of the
wind by the "Breezes," and other would
be popular gabites, would go the rounds,
and like Pats oyster,' ithe more they were
chawed the larger they got," until the
whole country was worked up into a stafe
of fearful excitement, on the subject of
'nigger risins;' and no doubt this bold out.
rage and daring murder, was the harbing.
er of a brewing insurrection, and these
two silly fools who perpetrated this deed,
had been made 'cat& pares' of, by the
more cautious, and of course more guilty
negroes, and they ought to meet with the
severest penalty of the law, and their ex.
ecution held 'in terrorum' over their secret
Many a sleepless night was spent in the
immediate vicinity of the deed, by the
ignorant and more fearful whites, who
never did, nor ncvcr would have a 'nigger
about 'em. The nasty stinkin' things,
they aint fit to be about a man's house no
how; they'd just as leaf kill a body as to
look at 'em.' And no doubt they often
wished in their own hearts, that President
Polk would give them notice, that thejotnt
occupation of this country was terminated.
'But in course they'll hang them ar
niggers what killed Mrs. Loft won't they?'
enquires one. 'It may give some o' the
rest on 'em afright for awhile, '0 yes,'
says another 'they've been tuefi up by
the constable and karried afore 'Squire
Strong, and I've hearn as how he's ag.
wine to'Get Gineral Goodman to help him
set on 'em.' ' -
Sure enough the negroes were duly
'set on' by a quorum of justices, and 'in
course' found guilty of murder according
to law, and sentenced to be hung on the
2d Friday in --.
Great indeed was the excitement mani
fested by all classes, more particularly
the non-slaveholders, between the trial
and day ofexecution, to see these negroes
hung, and the expected 'nigger hangidg'
was much talked about as a circus would
have been, in the days of Pineville memo.
ry. Nothingi could be said nor done, but
what the 'nigger hanging,' in some shape
or another, was brought upon the tapis,
and every body was going, and even
seemed to anticipate much pleasure in the
'How ar you to day Bob?'
'I'm well, how is it yourself, I.give
you thanks?' .
'0, sorter so. so. You gwine to the
nigger hangin' Bob?'
'0 ye., I would'nt miss it for a quarter.'
'Nor I nuther, I'd Oruther see it than to
see the circus!'
Even the old women seemed delighted
at the idea of having an opportunity, to
see these poor devils suffer.
'Yes I intend to go,' says one, 'I know
I can look at 'em hang as onconsarned as
I could at an old sheep killn' dog, or a
Isuck aig sonof a hound.' The speaker
grwgmore angry, the more she talked
about it, until she seemed mad enough to
kill every dog on the plantation, for fear
thymgt turn out to sucking her eggs.
'Yssys another, 'hangins too good
for 'em, they ought to be burnt alive till
they was dead, and then cut up by the
very doctors theirselves, and made ob
jects (subjects) on.'
In due time the eventful Friday arrived
and ere the sun was three hours high, the
calm and quiet atmosphere of a summer
morning in the silent forest, where the
deed was committed, and in which the
gallows was erected, began to be agitated
Iby the hum of human voices; and- the
neighing of horses, braying of donkies,
lowing of oxen, and the rattling of the
Iwheels and chains o~f the various vehicles
Imade the welkin ring. Spectators of all
sizes and colours 'from snowy white to
sooty,' began to collect upon the spot
thick and fast from every direction; some
in carriages, some in wagons and carts,
but by far the greater portion on natures
Soon Riley Hinton the constable pnd
chief executioner made his appearance
with the culpriis, guarded by two compa.
nies of militia, -armed and equipped as the
law directs, and commanded by. their re
spective Captains; the whole division un
der the command of Riley himself, who*
was armed 'cap.a pie' with a horsemans
broad sword, two pistols and a dirk, al
though the negroes like Lazarus when he
was brought forth, were bound 'hand and
foot,' and hauled to the place of execution
on a cart, and every man, woman and
child in ten miles of the place anxious for
Every thing being made ready for the
last act of the drama as quick as possible,
the cart was slowly driven under the gal
lows; and the knots of the ropes, which
prt were porly, ,d d
lOO.end thrown ovp the b . Many
were the anxions eyde anid ning r
turned idir~d t9 spot fredrrpassib le
decton, fiom abofe n rot excepted; b
notwithstddngithelountable d tQ9
the pYecaution to forr a'isrge ' r Vd
the gallowh, and pled'hisguard upon
i l to ive all 6agopportunity to.
to prevevent any attempt at. a rescue;
yet so. great was the crowd thafIf was im
possible for one half to see much lesto
hear what was going on, and to aid this
defect in the nature tif things, the negro
spectators, not constdering theniselves In
cluded among the number to be benefit.
ted by the formation of the ring, made the
trees round about the gallows, seem as a
kind'ofatute of FCophails to them, by
clitnbing upin then, some ten, some fif.
teenand even twenty .feet hl' h, that they
too might see, 84 robably heAf the last
words of thei f g fellow .servants; it
having previou 11 n announced that
the culprits would h lIVan opportunity of
confeseing their guit and saying what.
ever ele it might bahoove them to say, on
such a solemn occasion.
After they had made an end of speak
ing, in which they confessed their guilt,
and concluded with 1 warning exhorta.
tion to their fellow servants, and a prayer
for their own souls &c., the constable de
scended from the cart, dand a profound and
deathlike silence niow pervaded the whole
assembly. Not a sound -was heard save
the commingling din. of the distant horses
and mules, stamping at the flies, and the
rattling of their harness. The sound of
the death tap of the peg, which suspended
the victims in the air, broke for a moment
'the fearful silence, qdgil was still again.
Even the air itself, sdemed unwilling to
disturb the solemn stillness of the scene,
which continued for about two minutes,
during which time the death strupgles of
the negroes were the only motions in view.
Suddenly an old man in the crowd,
overcome by the heat, together with the
solemnity and stillness of the scene, fain
ted, as he sat in his wagon, 'and fell back.
wards, which frightened the horses, and
unable to run they commenced kicking.
This attracted the attention of those in the
immediate vicinity, who under the' im
pulse of the moment rushed to, the old
mans assistance; and. it so happened that
just at this moment, a sudden gust of wind
shook the leaves above the heads of the
dying negroes, which with the rattling of
the chains on the kicking horses, coming
simultaneousiy upon the ears of the larger
portion of the crowd who could not see
the cause of the disturbance, created at
first a panic among the negroes, and a
moving among the w'hites, which as quick
as thought pervaded the whole congrega.
tion, from centre to circumference, and
cries of 'mad dog,''insurrection,' 'niggers
a risin,' when in fact they were falling
like ripe fruit in a storm, from' the trees
in every direction, served of course, to
increase the panic, and extend it among
the fearful and unthinking whites; and
the fact that the negroes literally fell, pet
mel out of the trees, where it was presum-.
ed they could see what was the matter
from their elevatod positions tended- to
strengthen the belief hiat something un.
common and alarming had taken place.
And such a scene of confusion as hereup.
on ensued, can be much better imagined
The negroes and whites seemed sud
denly charged with positive electricity,
and in strict obedience to the laws of na
ture, in such oases, mutually separated
from each oth6r as fast as their feet could
carry them. The -creams of woman,
crying of children, and running of men,
women and children, terrified the horses,
donkies and oxen, and they commenced
kicking and running in every direction,
and as the circunt~ference of the crowd in
creased by the repulsive movements of
the whites and blacks, the confusion be.
came more dangerous; for the horses were
now dashing about in various directions,
and men, women and children, black and
white were rushing to and fro against each
other, to keep out of the way of the ani
'The guard! the guard!' exclaimed some
'Where's the guard?'
But alas, neither constable, magistrate
nor guard, could be seen in their proper
places. Nor has it to this day been satis
factorily ascertained what did become of
the constable and his equippage, whether
he threwv down his sword and betook him
self to inglorious flight, or looked calmly
and undismayed upon the scene of confu
sion, until an opportunity offered for him
to collect his scattered guards and guns,
the last of which wvere lying in abundant
profusion, about where the former ought
to have been, is still enveloped in the mist
of uncertainty. It is, however currently
reported that he did run, but whether it
was merely for the purpose of heading
his flying guard, or becagse, being a pop
ular man he preferred to act upon the
ppular motto, 'When in Rome do as
m~neadoes,' and made quite an active use
of his legs, rumor saith not; but it rather
darkly insinuated, that the broad sword
which served as so important an append.
age to his person on that event ful day,
has never been nor heard ofasinco.
Be this as it may, Riley can lay the
flattening unction to his soul, that ho was
not alone in his flight on that occasion;
for it is amatter of wvell established his
tory, that one of tid guiard arrived -at his
house, about three miles distant, in less
'~ Bu~ botw:thsso th
which prevsile4 jjde W
honor be it.said, we r
alarmed' Two edica d w
longed td d datm
to wait 1hiteswre W ea
they might got thep a m
'em,' were frank enough to admit,
though they hadaeen many dead negos
-but they never heard deac negreiak
such a 'quai, n&se before, s fon
something might happen, Dot ill frg
toued however, but being' aistious yoetm
men, they throw' down..their guns ain
concealed themselvda behind a tree. whore
the dying negroes could not see them.
A nother medical student, who hadone
all the way from the 'wilkfe' 15 'hiles,
not to see the negroes hung, but that he'
might 'pro bono eUtenti' and his owA in,
formation in cutting up the, bodies 6f the
culprits In his flight from the scene, was
seized round the wraist by a lady, who
begged him to take care of her, but in the
honest aimplicity of his nature, he ex. -
claimed, 'By d--d madam; -very man
for himself, and womdm'too. -
It is also said of a youthdAiinutive
size, who had gone fromin idjol ing Dis.
trict some 80 miles, that he hak enscon.
ced himself behind a tree, whereaw-oman
of herculean strength seized him by the -
arm and told him that was her ti"6, and
givng him a sling threw him some ten
feet into a treep, where he concluded he
was pretty well corfcealed, and lay there
until the confusion was over, and wheni -
he got up was the nearest man to the no.
groes, and maklg a virtue of necessity
he declared he was not at all frightened
and had no idea of running at all.
Even ne of the magistrates, who..was
regarded as a big man in the neihbor.
hood, said, that in taking a hasty view of
the whole acenetbefore him, it o'cured t6
him that it might be important that some
one should, hereafter give a correct dis
cription of all that transpired, and to ena
ble hin to do so, notwithstanding his age
and corporosity, he climbed up a -tree
with considerable agility.
The local consequences of this extra:.
ordinary "niggr hangin" were -rather
beneficial than other-wAse;- for'the; year
previous to it the owner of the land made
such a bad cotton crop, that he spoke if
removing to the west ; but in gathering
up the scattered fragments of clothing,
hats, shoes, etc.,.lost amid the confusion,
he picked up a considerable quantity 'of
cotton in small bales, supposed to have
been been lost in the bustle and took the
name of " lost bustle.," which in so great
a measure supplied the deficiency of his
cotton crop, that he concluded to.r-ma1,
and I am informed Is doing well.
Strange to say ! out of some 5 or 6 thou.
sand souls, who wore present on that mem
orable occasion, not more than 15 or 20
have ever been seen who were at the
"nigger hangin..' "Well Bob, were yo -
at the "nigger hangin." "Oh no they
say every body got scared and run'of;
and I know I would'nt have got scared."
"Were you there?" -"o.t
TnE BaoKEN Barnoi..-An Irish noble.
man, on a journey was informed that his
w ayover a ruined bridge, which he
wudbobliged to pass at night. He or
dered his postillion to call him when they
reached the dangerous place, then wrapping
himself up in his cloak went to sleep. . Wen
they reached the bridge the postihion called
but as his master did not awake, be drove
on, and passed safely over. Some time
after, the travelle, awaked, and called out.
'How is this, John, have you passed the
'Yes, yor honor.'
'Why did you not wake me, as I ojdered
'I did not like to disturb your honor."
'Upbn my honor, if we had -all fallen Into -
the water and ben drowned, I would have -
put a bullet through your head.'
'By all the martyrs, if you~ had I would
have left your service the next minute if I
GEN. LEE .aND DR. CUTTINO.-Ifn B
Cutting was a aurgeon in the Army of the
Revolution, and coming to Philadelphia,
lodged in a house where Qen. Lee was then
boarding. The Doctor was a personablei
man, and not indifibrent to dres.' The Gen
eral suddenly enterin thmd sltting-roomu
found thme Doctor before teglass, carfully
adjusting his cravat..
'Cutting,' says Lee, 'you must be the hap.
piest man in creation.'
The former turned round with a smile of
self-complacency-'And ' why, General)'
'Why,' replied Lee, 'because you are in
love with yourself, and .hava i~a rival ent
A black man in $ 1 h e
was taken by hitzatfo Mtylh
goods, kning them to beO stolqu. e
was tried, foun iltyr and sentence peh
sed up~on hkzi. 6h Judge pronounce-.
"Take and. .lgthat black rassL "The
prisoner begdto be' heard, ~~h was
granted.Ss he,- -"If white'mia they
toale goods, you will order white raipal a
flogi" "Yes, to bessure,", sakd -u ude
DIare is my mnasahe bug tole - -d
he know I was tolen whe he
hold urn fast." enh-g ue