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* ftEtact of1 an Ordinanace
Enacted;b' yhe Toiwn Council of Sumterrille:
Fprithe information of all whom it may
coiice4i the following extract is published,
tio4-vit: "Sc. S. That no slave whese owner
resides without the limits of the town of
Sumterville, shall be permitted to work
therein, unless a written permit be first pro
cure4 frm the T1arshal; for which, t~he "uni
of fifty cents, fbr common laborers, and the
sun of one dollar and fifty cents for mechan,
ice, 1iall .be paid: and that no permit shall
be for a longer time than three wonths: and
ifiany slave shalt neglect to procure a per
mit, such slave shall be imprisoned by the
Marshal until released by Council; and in
no case setat liberty, Mitil the eupenses of
his or her arrest and imprisontment have
been first paid.j
Published by order of Council,
J. 3. N. IAAMMET,
Clerk of Cottncil.
Sfarch 13th, 1848. 21 tf
.TREATMENT OF HORSES.
Onr sympathies have frequently been
excited by the bad treatment of horses,
which we have witnessed. They are
bnd driven, seldom blanketted, poorly
-fed andsgroomed, and miserably stabled.
Horises must be short-lived at the South.
Nor pan we see how they will escape
colds, -consumptions, bowel complatints,
andisoases in every form. In riding
from Warrenton to Sparta, in the mail
stage, wahave seen the team driven 10
miles in a cold night, stand several hours
while moist with sweat, withotit blankets
Ir shelter, 'before stable room could be
found at an exchange post. It was ear
lier than the driver cared to start, and
there was not room for another 'horse in
.the little log hut, till the team therein was
taken, out. A handful of burning corn
cobs on the ground in the stable, served as
a warm nucleus, around which the coach.
man col!cd himself and slept, whilst a
couyle of negroes entertained a solitary
passengexr, by answeriig as best they
Voyjdh:.4.thiousand questions about the fare
of man and beast, in a land where every
thing i sas.novel as it well cap be, 4
higherstandard of comfort is greatly need
eab, esj;*l4ly for dumb brutes. Leaving
theobqsion of humanity out of view, ii is
the worsi possible economy to trcut horses
badly. . When a horse is driven so as to
perspire freely, he should be ble iketted
when stopped. IHe should not meorely be
regularly fed, wvateredJ, groomecd, bedded
andsated, bujt his food shoutd be variedI,
so as to suit~.hIs a ppetite, meet the pectuli
nrwants ot~healthsy respiration, and the
demands ofna~g in repair the constpnt
wvaste of Jig~ les, bones, nerves and.
SVhorseis 'a noble, active and valuable
aninmalvhose constitution, habits and ap-.
stospfshoand be care fully studied. 'There
are lnmortant elemen:ts in hsis brain, flesh,
tendons amd bones, ihich ought to be dai
ly suppied in his fdad. The breeding of
horses, 'and :the rearing,. breaking and
mianagembnt.of chlts, are branches of ru
ral 'science and practice, quite too much
neglected in every portion of' the Union.
Common fa rmers are strangely opposed to
studying the jpwpqf apimal vitality,, and
~he means which GoD has appointed to do.
yelope fine honej sinoew and muscle, good
rind and bottom il the Horse. It coos
no more to raise a superior animal, that
wil) do good 'service 12 or 15 years, than
p pppr, slow, feeble 'one, whose powvers
ofendurane are' next to a cypher.
Peas and 'oats are much better fnod for
road.sters thani corn. Ihorses cannot trav
eso long, no~r so fast when 'kept on the
latter Syy ior will they be so' healthy or
~qggyed, as they are when fed on'oats,
pens,,elovor or vetohes.
Daar Pr.owiNG-AN EXPBRJMNT.
In j848,-one quarter of an acre, on a dry
gravelly soil, wast plowed four irnes in one
day with six horses, finteen inopeo deep,
#nd sow in wheat. On similar land ad
joining, en equal 'quantity plowed as well
only five inces deep, was sowvn with the
same grain, and',at the same timer The
result waslthet th'e former gave five bush.
eliatid three peoks more per acre than
the, latter, and! 450 lbs. more straw.
Feots are useful things-we wish our
fdiiads would 'furnish more of them.
mentli a-plan of .feQpg for lowgound
which I tjiE.h1 (butom.d dheaperthn
any otheril ndf'lly as4 'dod Make-a
cormmon; panelfence ofafaillethen split
stakes out 64hiis brf 1asting
wood,~qilq seve o9eggheR idp
common rails D o on.eaqh side f
the fence,M 4eah corn Wh41b the ground
-is wet, aboutiwo or two '4d a half feet,
.liore and pin, through the, -6ver the .top
of the fence, and you will have a fence
bee river, And-I think those ofany other..
Cofevo 4la., January, 1848.
JOURNEY FROM J RUSal MO
A late traveller' in Palestine, gives the
following deeply interesting anld, tjiuly
graphic description of a journey f&bin:Je,
rusalem to Jericho, and tle dVerJordan:
"On the morning after Pal iSutnday,
the pilgrimsset out for Jericfh' and )or.
dan.I Thev were accompanied finev.
cort oft.40,0 soldiers, to protect them from
thei Arabs. Shortly after sunriie, the
road leading from the gate of St. Stephen,
opposite the Mount of Olives, and wind.
ing down into the steep and iarroiv valley
of Jehosphat, past the Virgin's tomb and
the garden of Gethsemane, was croivded
with women and children in their* most
festive attire, seated on either side the Way
to witness the passing of the pilgrims as
they poured out of the city and down the
hill to the number of about five thousand.
Leaving the tomb of A bsulom aryI the
village of Silon to the right, they passed
up between the Mount or Olives and the
Hill of Ofrences towards Bethany. Near
the old altar and groves of Moloch, and
over against the Temple of Solomon, the
Hey, who conmlnrded the troops, sat a
little apart rnom the road, among his at.
tendants, and fine horses, that were scat.
wered in groupa about the rocky ground,
with here and there a tall tulled spear, or
a standard stuck up beside them, while
the morning sun blazed on their Oriental
dresses and glittoring arms, they formed.4
brilliant foreground as you turned back
to look upon the city which lifted its shin.
ing towers and domes over Mount Sion,
across the deep ravine. Presently the
shoulder of the hill shuts out the
splendid vision, and you go wind
ing on among valleys ever growing
wilder, nore dismal -and sterile, until
the last traces of cultivation and habi
tation disappear, and you are placed
in presence of the awful desert with gig
antic sand hills climbirg on every side,
that dazzle the sense and dismay the soul.
At last, after six hours toilsome march,
you descry from the brink of these deso
late heights an immense plain stretching
right and left, and walled on the east by a
lofty range of piountains. This is the val
ley of tle Jordan, whose stream hid by
the sandy banks, only becones visible as
it enters in a gleaning vin, the Dead Sea
-a vast blue expanse stretching away
under a fading perspective or wrial pro.
montories, to the south, till it mingles with
the hot white mist of the sky. Lines of
pale green tents upon the border of the
tanglp4 prickly thickets, that spot the de.
sert plain, mark - e spot chosen Qi the
bivouac, A tower i Ing near out of this
forest distinguishes thp site of Jericho.
Then comes tihe bustle or the camp, With
its indescribable variety of groups and
riipages,. -Thie poor black native A rabs
of the place mingre withm the pilgrims, to
sell their cheese, oil, and dutes. Con.
spicuIous with golden bull rises on one
hmand the tent of the Greek Patriareb, on
the other th;a. of the Bey. The others lie
paphJedl oil'according to't~heir'aeveral na.
tions, thick -as sheep in folds. While
these are preparing to fall to at their sup
pers, and are fetchIng their water from
the fountain of Elijah, a ring o'f' sentinels
form around the camp. All uiight' you
hear the word passing round among these
guards. At two o'clock after midnighmt
the whole camp is again in motion. By
thme light of a beautiful moon they set oiT
for the Jordan, three hours'distant. A fter
two hours the moon went downm over the
desert of Engaddi and the moyntains to.
w'ards Jerusalem, leaving us to flounder
about among shrubs and sandbanks in the
dark. Here andi there flarIng torphes
wvere tarried, whose red light streamed
along the waves of the dark crowvd. Day
was beginning to break wvhen wve reached
the ,Iordsn, a swift, impetuous, discolored
stream, shooting bet wveep [alj bapjs, cor
growvn with copses of popular and tama
risk. The pilgrims found their wvay down
to the sacred waters by different avenues
to woody coves, where they all began un.
dressing, men wvomen and children, all to.
gether. The first I saw in the strearn
were two Ayssinians ducking and cross
ing themselves with all their might, with
the monkey-like action of the blacks. One
poor creature, plunging into the centre of
the torrent, was drowned. They say that
every year the Jordan swallows one vie.
tim. A nd the Christians, wvith a fatalism
of the Trurks, deem this sacrifice inevita
ble. A ecordingly no orpp stirred a limb
to save this poor fellow, wvhom the rush.
ing waters swvept away down towvards the
Dead Sea. One wvretch was seized in
the act of stealing a cottqp gown, worth
twopence, of an A merican lady gone to
take a dip. His turban and cloak were
instantly torn offi and he was led away up
in the offier in command, who oardere
t ,., Wed
One fille'd Wfah e i
othe. tip6. 1
ri'.l Iri tt dah.
of his ta d paid 6b,
ervanr tey st
out fcr theirfeafi r e thpv
rernamet * b
beantiful mn I Mrusal
When we read t e' , istinguish%
ed men in a.nydepartrit, we find them
almd4( always celebrated flor the amoupt
of-work they 'ooiuld perform, Denosihe
nese,- Julinus Csar, Heniry the Fourth of
France, Lord Bacon, Sir Isaac Newton,
Franklin, Washiigion, Napoleon-dffer
ent as they -were in their. nelleetual and
moral qualities-were'all renowned as
hard workers. We read how many days
they could support the fatigues of a march:
how eary they rose; how late they Watch
ed; how manny hours they spent. in the
field, the cabinet, in the court; how many
secretaries they kept employed; in' short
how hard they worked.
So wAs FRANKLIN.-"O' you're a
'prentice!' said a little boy, the other da
tauntingly to his companion. The ad
dressed, turned pr,,udly round, and while
the fire of injured. pride, and the loqk of
pity, were strongly blended in his coun
tenance, cooly anbered, ,So was.F rank.
JONATHAN'S ViMIT TO A PRINTING
Did you ever go up to printer's
And see all them devils at work!
I cosnotchet it beats all to finders
Mother's fuss when we kill our pork.
Them fellern they stand right up straight,
And pick little pieces of lead;
Stuck in little chuby holes thicker, I'll bate,
Than seeds in a big parsnip bed.
Then they keep puch ducking and Lobbing,
I'll be darn'd! like aunt Peggyla old drake
When Ile's gobbling up corn, or a robin
That stands with one leg pp a stake.
How thp pligpe can they find all the letters,
ad nore than my gumption can tell;
They .all them :re workmen type setters,
And an old shoe, they said that was hell.*
Then they'ye got too a cast iron press,
It beats father's for cider and chesse;
'Tis tarnation hard work I should guess,
And it gives a conflounded tight squeeze.
There's a confounded great roller, I swow,
They keep pushing, the Lord knows for
And the paper, 'twould cover our mow,
Such a'wapping great sheet have they
How they fill it all up is the 'wonder,
Where the darn do they find so much
4s thick as pea blossoms in summer;
What a qatiop of ink they do use!
By gall! I don't see how they pay,
For so nany heaps of white paper
They tell'd me they used every day,
Good Pord-it would ruin Squire Tabor.
I'd no notion, I viun, 'twas such a tarnal
Ilard werk to print papers and books;
I'll go right down and scribe for the Jarnel,
And go home and tell all the folks.
*Thie old shoe kept as a receptacle for bro.
AN IRISII IETTER.
Town of TIaIlemnucclescrag, P'arish, of Blat.
lyragget, near Baullystuchguithey, in the county
of Rilkenny, Ireland.
My dear Nep'hew-I haven't sent you a
lether scine the last time I wrote to you, be
cause we have moved from our former place
of living, and I din't k:pow where a lether
would find you,~ but I now wid pleasure take
tip my pin to inform youi of the death of your
own livin' uncle P'atrick Kilpatrick, who
dliott.very sudenly hzst week alter a lingerin'
sicknesp pf six months. Th'le poor man was
in violont.convulsions the who let timo of his
sickness layin' perfectly quiet andi spaichtesa
all the time talkin' incoherently and cryin'
for water. I had no opportunity of inform.
ing you of his death ,sooner excip~t I wrote to
you before lhe d~ed, and then you would have
thip postage to pay, so I write now.
I am at loss to tell what his death was oc
casioned by, but I fear it was his last, sick
ness, for he was never well tin days togither
durin' his'confinemnent, but I bolaye his death
was occasionedl by his atin too much of rab
bits stull'ed wid pays and gravy, or pays and
gravy stuffed with rabbits, I can't tell which
but be that as it may, as soon as be breathed
his last tihe doethier giye over all hopes of hiis
recovery I needn't tell you his age, for ye's
well krnew that in m~arch next lie would have
been 25 years old lackin' a six month and
bad he a lived till that time, he would thin
have been juist a six month dead.
Ihis property devolves to hi nixt kin who
is dead some time ago, so that I expect it
wilt be divided betwane us, and you are either
knowin' that his property Wvas very con
sidtherabld, for he had a fine estate,- which
was sold to pay his debis, and the remnaind
tiher he lost in a horse race, but it was the
opinion of all at the time that hie would have
won the race, if the horse his run aginst
hadn't a heen the fastest. 'I niver saw a man
and the docthors .all say so, that observed
directions, or tuck medicine bether 'an lie
He said he would as lave take bitther as
swate, if itli1I only the samel taste, and
epacakanA ashihe6y' punch If It 'would
only pnt . im in te same humoer for fighting.
But popr sow1.he'11 niver ate or drink mnra -
leg~of 'You: 0i tdi brk'he
Your ow)d swatehe rheose~
you bfieknoon o & t:
WhenTarry M'Gee atheika,
ax him for this lether, and fhe 't know
it from the rest tell hir t at t's, t nie that
spkes about our uncle's death and saled in
Uh. V adah ndsldi
Sreziain your 'Affectionate oivl gia
mothor, Jtn O'HOLWAIt
Larry O'Hooligan, late of' the town of
Tullyucdlescrag, VaTish 01: Ball t,
uchrhey, in the Co of
.b r OWiin tq.fe till 10.
reave this -
Whin ye a plaUAWS c '
rade any more t nix.
TREATING A ASi AOT Egy.
BY JOHN JONES, M. D.
I was once sent for in great. haste, tc
attend a gentleman' . of resiectability,
whose wif--a lady of initelligerice. and
reItnement-had discovered him in his
room, lying senseless on the floor.
- On arriving at the house, I found Mr.
H. in great di-tress of mind. - - - -
"What is the matter with Mr.iH--'
I asked, on meeting his lady, who was in
tears pnd looled the pipture of distress,
III am afraid it is apoplexy," she re.
plied. "I found him lying on the' floor,
where he had, to all appearance, fallens
suddenly from his chair. Hjs face is pur.
pie, and though he brepthes, ij is with
. I went up to see my patient. He had
been Ii fled from the floor and Was now ly.
ing upon the bed. Sure enough, his fhoe
was purple and his breathing labored, but
somehow the symptoms did not indicate
apoplexy. Every, vein in his head and
face was tinged. and he lay perfectly-stu
pid, but I still saw no clear -indications of
an notnal or approaching congestion of the
"H4ad'nt he better be bled, doctor?"
asked the anxious wife.
"I don't know that is necessary," I re.
plied. "I think if we let him alone, it
will pass off in the course of-a few hours.'
"A few hours! He may die in half an
"I don't think .the case is so.dangerous,
"A poplexy not dangerous!"
"I hardly think it apoplexy," I replied.
"Pray what do you think it is doctor?'
Mrs. H- looked anxiously in ry
I delicately hinted that he might poss.
bly have been dripking too much brand
but she positively and almost indignaitlU
"No, doctor; I ought to know about
that," she contipued. "Depend upon it,
the disease is more deeply heated. I am
sure he had better be bled. Won't you
bleed him doctor? A few ounces of blood
taken from his arm may give life to the
now stagnant circulation of blood in his
Thus urged, I, after some reflection,
ordered a bowl and bandage, and opening
a vein fror vhich the blood flowed freelv
relieved him of about eight ounces of his
circulating medium. But he still lay in.
seisible as before, much to the distresso
his poor wife.
"Somiething ela must be done, doctor,"
she urge'd, seeing that the bleeding had
accomplished nothing. "If my husband
is niot quickly relieved he must die."
By this time several friends and rela.
tives, who had been sent for, had arrived,
and urged upon me the adoption of some
more active measures for restoring the
sick man to consciousness. One proposed
miusgard plasters all over his body, anoth.
er his immersion mi hot water. -I sugges.
ted that it piight be, iyell to use a stomach
"Whr)r7y, doctor?" asked one of it
"Perhaps he has taken some drug," 1
"Impossible, doctor!.' said the wvife, "he
has been at horme all day, .anid there is no
drug of any kind about the house."
"No brandy?" I ventured the sugges.
"N'o doctor! no spirits of anykipd in the
house," returned Mrs. H,----in an pffen.
I was not the regular fanmily physician,
and had been called to meet the emergen.
cy because my oifice happened to be
nearest to the dwelling of Nr. Ha-,
Feeling my position to be a difficult one,
I suggested that the family physician had
bettor be called.
"But the delay, doctor," said the friends,
"No hryn wIll respit from it, be assur.
ed," I replied.
But my wvord did not assure them.
Jowever, as I w'as firm in my resolution
not to do any more for the patient until
Dr. S- came, they had to subimit, I
wvished to make a call of importance int
the noighborhood, and proposed going, te
be back by the time Dlr S. grijyed; but
the friends of the siok would niot suffel
mel to leave the room,
When .Dr S--came, ~e
aside for a fewv minutes, and I ijr1t~
my views Ot'cpase, andI tad wM ]
had donr e i~h
then preocstijh 4 da I 4W
east e A6
The barberd e.
--was stmevd; j
R~d~lecalP, fotfoepd to Ut
it remin qt U
hen make t 'o rdinary 4
said Doorth aob6 d
coved ri _aq tbftblit- -
'sobi after" -
Idid not al b
erue e Aa ood onzI6a .
ly around the b~d u n which the -ick
man lay; .though i'bilkter a
"draj-ho sigsof'retur c 0
showed gemsdiv * f~rt
a o W mo roan, ora
the arms. For two. Urn
porched the tepdr ki
and was then removed.
service. 'Dre Weings 0ere
but-still the sick man Jay ln p
"It.has done no good. adk w*
ter send for lhelor s e
Just then the eyes of H-..-7opened,"and
he looked with half stupefied eyed frn
face to face of the apzxoit group that siur
rounded the bed,
"What in the mischlf's the 4:atterf
he at length said. At the same- time
feeling a strange sensation about hiihea
he placed his hand rathee heavily thereopt
"Heavens and earth!" He was- now
fully in his senses. "Heavens abd eDAr!
What 4119 my. head?"
"For mercy's'sake, keep , uetmsi
the wi Oh glad tears rushing ove~ ah
face..e ery ill. There
there, n Wa!ijdsie' laoothlnl -
"Don't say a word, bU 'a
"uth m-h ead--4t p lfu 2
Sarah! I Ader
arm!'-W ny ted
way for?"t .~ ; .~
eplafi t ONX
xpin t ll. ' WOryq 1"e'
Mr ~sak ck ua.th ilw''
from whi he i ed rlem And led hlq -
eyes to nk 4e jtid hand to
head, and felit ttepdly e I over,
temple to temple, to and from na
"Is it a blister?" he at length psked.
"Yes, dear. 'ou haveeenyeylll. -I ' -
--Wp feared 'for your life," said Mr6.
affeotionately. There have- beer t'e
physicians in atfendanoe."-: .
li--closed hii eyed aga - j1b
moved. Those nearest wepp ndtm6
edified by-the whlapeedwords'"A'at pr;i.
ceeded therefrom.. They would, havi
sounded strangely in i church, or to es
polite and refined. After this he lay foe
"Threatened with apoplexy,. I sopi
pose?" he then said, interrogatively.
"Yes, dear, replied his wife. " .found
you lying insensible upon the floor, o
happening to como into your room.I
,was most providential that I discoveue
you whlen I did. or 'you would..oertll
-H---shut his eyes and muttered some.
thing, with an air of impatiene But lt
meanmng was not understood.
.Finding him outof danger, friends an4
relatives retired, and the. sick man w n
left alone with his famnily,
"Sarah!" he said, "why in Heaven a
name did you permit'the Dotors tobto6
er mne in this way? I'm laid i
week or two, and all for nothing.J
"It was to save your life, dear.
"Save the d--ll"
"Hlu-u-s-h Theore? Do, for*Hae
sake! e qw jet. Everything depends y
With a gesture of ihnpaience,' -
shut his eyes, teeth, and hands and Idy
perfectly still for some timre. Thsry he:
turned his face to the wal;Niantieej p
low, petulant voice,
"Too bad! too bud! too badt"
I had not erred -in my first and myi ls
impression of, H--'s disease; ineIth
had Doctor S-a, although he used. ve
extraordinary mode of trealits.-$.~ -
:facts of the case were these:
H--had a weakness. I*. e - - -
tssto of wvine or sfrong drink"
ing tempted int exces
and friends wvere mortlld4
this; and they, by admo~l
good red!tation lt~edto 1
formr. Btlt to. s a
was to fall.. ai Itui trl ie
.to. abu .maelf' tip At hne for a
*;Inv d e If tot~ialibtinencewatil,
trength. He got on.
ta aweiLfiled i
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