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The Sumter banner. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1846-1855, July 05, 1848, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86053240/1848-07-05/ed-1/seq-1/

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- --- - - A
-
rte s7ots
4' ~~o e s fer the fikst and
oeachishequent iinsertion.
f or nertins tn be nrktd
dehIa m s i-rthef i1beblish
od b discotinad,raid
rg.i uare-or as n
dtirners Montl Advertise
b~hrd thysame as a simgle.
Il'e ly the same' as new
On i. P . I-Aid ..
4iy;Nticeu ediing sin lines,
stcatjons recom endaig Candi
~o iless or trust-or.. puffing
fitlh, I be h arged asAdveitise
ttors by mail must be paid to In
e'oi~en Cvltirator.
y TO MAKE GOOD
Of.OPS..
i'f n oo e.F what
I eider a good crpfor, the force em
pled, imade list year,. and shall closd
withh a few marks on ov'6r-cropping. I
reudt ndalst year to. Wm. Glodson, oni
w1!h eiiade tiie orop, which I propose
to ge an accouct of; He. and a little
sorgefi eleven yenrs of ago,.not able
to p6o9 made over 9 bales ofcott'on, 310
bljshble 6f corn, upwards of 5,000 pounds
of'blde l~erwa lat 150 bushels or
iv potatoes, and'a pa telor Irish pota.
to'dp, besides keefing his garden in .good
order In addiion to this, the little boy
.nr ro ab utd)0 poeinis ofseed.on a littie.
pac1havi e him.--This Crop was .culti
vitd ai v'dby 'them easily, except
thp n bii 2,000 : pound. of
ne'ed, ddton The whole secret lay in
plotuiggood adcI i o i or it than
couldherattended to inh (ti3ic, doing
eye y ypartf the cap joiiice. .Early
,vo .rk ri relv fails to givi a forWar,d
gro hiihrgenerally is very: iinport
an4 HedJ1r. Goodsoin planted one.third
rId'thhine lie Adid, perhaps he woild
Wn d as largo. a crop as lie did'
4-nfih'nyebe'en inder a itrh' all
tVidr 1e4ison, by getting antinngled in
tGi 6iy, gi'as', and every part of the
crop'fouTld have suffered, and been kept
back-in its'grosvth'and maturity. Wher
eastwith the- quantity of land he cultiva.
ted,dtlirop 'wa1s kept with ease in con
stantrowirid order, doing its best all the
ted 'feel'cofident that some of my
neig-r Avould have made more cotiop
lat ai by planting at least. filly acres
.i -1n ' h y did, provided the remain.
.ipbdthvove -had constant and early
-aitetl 'nJhIch could have neen given
pbydi ing filty neres - less to attend to.
'Onsiman of my"'acquaintance planted
abbut o'hundr'ed acres more in cotton
last ~e rn did, anti yet, notwith
St" t its, 'our our crops are near equ.
al., Tliiiwsa owing to three cause.; first,
thl~l'pdim plidtcd was not so good as
miriersecond, planted more to the hand
tido~calds be ke'pt clear of grass, conse
qui'dilythl hdrop was kept back Ciom ear.
lyi m rity,.givmg the bole Worm full
sO ~~pyit their ravages.
who gives this hearty
We1y.oyuas* Editor of the South
err .TOH T FARRAR.
Sa fordr'ille, Ga. Jan. 184A8.
8I1NSOF A PROSPFROUS FAR
M IER.
1.Whenf a farmor is seen married
vong, it 'showvs that Providence helps
thoseiwhohelp-themselves, and that in f6
tu dewillhave. 'helps' of more kinds
than ono.
2 Wendights are seen burning in
his huobefore. break. of' day in wvinter
eseill, t holva that the day will nev
er break o-hidbreaking' in the winter of
3 u~~yr see his barn larger than
his bdli ,isoivs that he will have large
profi ninal1 affection.
4 Whenyosu see him drivinu his work
Inst~of his work driving him, it sho~ws
hl rie nver be driven- fro~m good resolu
l5~ienhis farming Implements are
amme and -winter, it
ah ~ ,l hav a house over his head
in t r fe tr, and the winter of
p nhe is~scen su.bsoribing" for a
r a ~sp#it shows h'd is speaking like 'a
ubo~esioing the latest' improvements
da that ho will never get
~i~gkin~ p ers ib the land of pover.
- -
~ ~An~qf ott inmloraes,.andi the Cure,
ymuch -spec ulation as
toUto f teetu pr~ grigh. I. h ave
noi 1OIi acceunt of his. experi.
6dafe the arnimnal died,
kiln the worm, after
iai~~jt~ ~bestoach of the daud horse.
&,.j&object. tordo all the
WO~i %- ~ar)il, I eel It my dutty to
g [ h~~think a certain
A U41Withoit comn
: -h1 .
o:'f Alulm, diso 0'
and dree' tc i . O
he6rsior; N' '~he hYo td!0f
sifaidtoU .iIlliahnI the bott Isaj1
hae neve failed. 'I think this isaft l
the'spectflations,and cures I ha een e
only thing that wll to a dinty ca-e the
botts.
The molases and setik e rjill
bon tdpy. ,i goi 6 Pons the" ##eathakig1
-the al ontraets inn and'.tlie sltplas
e 6hi4 of fS'iio
KYTRACTS FRO i*AKETCII OF 'TR .LIFM AiD
PUBLIC SEikVICES OF
GEN'ERALI LEWIS .CASS.
Lewis Cai wasbriat Exeter, in New
.Hampshire, oi the 9th "of October, 1782--i
His fatheri, Maj.Jonathan Casv Was ia oldier
of the revolution, who enlisted .asa private
the day after the battle of Leitinton.: He
served in the army till'the close of the war,
and was in all important battles in theesiter
and middle states,'where he was distinguisb.
cd for his valor and good conduct, and attain.
ed the rank of captain.' He was afferwaridaa
Major in Wayne ' army, and. died at an ad.
vanced agefafter a lire of usefuhies and hop-..
or, at his residence, near' Dresden,in . 'Mus
kingum cunhty,-Ohle.'9 i n,owive Cape,
the -subject of:this biography, emigrated at
the age of seventeen, to the then north'western
territory, and settled first at Maietta,'in the
county of Washington. He was-thue, as he
was recently called by the convention of
Ohio, one or the "early pioneers" of that im
mense western region, which has already
risen to such. a magnitpde in our own days,
and is destined to attiin one so much greater
hereafter. -The co'uitry north of thre' Ohio.
then contained one territory and about twenty
thousand people.
Mr. Cass bore his full share in the toils,
privations and dangers to Which the defence
of a new country, and its conversion from a
primitiv,e forest to the happy abodes of civil
ized mad, are necessarily extiosed..' He read
law at Marietta,-and-waEradmitted to-the bar
before the close.of the territorial government.
He commenced the practice, and, as was the
custom then, visited:thedourti in a large dig
trict of country, travelling on horseback, amid
encountering many difficulties unknown to
the members of the bar at the present day.
. -ii- 180, lie was elected a member of the
Legrislpture. of. Ohio, and during the 'session
he took ins part in the business of the day.
He draughted the law Which a rested the
traitorous designs of Burr, and introduced an
address to 'Mr. Jefferson, which was 'unani
mously adopted, dxpressmg the attachment
of the people of 0 iio to the constitution of
the United States, and their coniidonce in
that illustrious nian. In .March, 180y, he
was appointed, by Mr. Jefferson, Marshall of
Ohio. In the execution of the duties oi tha t
office, in the business of his profession, nid
in the occupation of a firm in Muskingum
county, where he resided, he passed his time
until 1812. Then our difficulties with Eng
land assumed a portentous aspect. Her mul.
tiplied aggress.ons left us no recourse but
war; and the statestnen- of the day prepared
for it with firmness. As one of the prepara
tory arrangements, it was determined to
murch a considerable force to the northwest
era rrontier, to be ready jfor off'ensive or de
fensive measures, as circumstances might
render it necesary. The command was giv
en to General Hull; and a regiment of regu
lar troops, which had fought with credit at
Tippecanoe, was assigned to hin. To this
were to be added three regimuents of Ohio
vo:unteers. As soon as this demand upon
their patriutismr was known, the cit'zens o1
that state hastened to the call of their coun..
try, and the force was raised wit hout delay or
difficulty. Mr. Cass was among tbe volun
teers, and was elected to the command of the
third regiment. H~e -proceeded inrmediaitely
with his regimeont to Dayton, where. the ar
my was concentrated, and whened it eom-.
rmenced its march for Detroit. The country
was a track ess forest, and .mnnch of it was
low and wet. Great difficulties were inter
posed to the advance of the troops by* the
streams and marshes, and by the necessity or
cutting a road. Blut these were overcomie
with thme usual good wil~l and perseverance or
the American soldiers. The army reached
Detroit imn the 4thm of July 1812. Official in
formatioli that war would be declarrj. over
took thoem in the wildorne.ss; but ft-e derclara
tion itself was niot received until they reach
ed D~etroit. Col. Cass was perhaps miore ur
gent for an invasion of Canada than any offi
cer in Hull's army, lie was decidedly ir far
vor of making an early and decisite movement
before the British should be prepared for thme
invasion. Weo conceive it to be no disparage.
ment to any one to say that he was-the mas
ter-spirit of that army uintil the aflhir at the
Camnardls; after which, it is knowri, lie disap
proved of every step taken by the cormmand
ing General. There can now be nio doubt
that Hull's army never would hiaveo entered
Canada but for the persuasions of Col. Case.
So ainxious wvas Ihe to push fonvard and do
something to meet tire jtust expectations of
the adninistration and the counltry, that hre
commanded the advanced detachment, and
was thme first man to land in arms in thre ene
my's couniry.
* * * * * e
In the discharge of iris duties as Superin
tendent of Indian Affairs, Governor Cass
was called upon to enter into manry negotiar
tions with the Indian tribes, and otten under
circumstances of great peril arid responsibil
ity. HeI formed twvent-one treaties with them,
and extingiiishe.d threir title to nearly one
hundred millions of acres of land--a vast do
main acquired for tihe Un' d States, that no
complaint was ever made-ff them upon the
subject.*
TPhere are two incidents con ted with
the formation of these treaties, which strong
ly illustrate. Gov. Cass's jtudgrmont and de
cision 'of character. 'In the expedition of
1820, it became his dtrty to infornm the [ndianis
Sault do St. Marie of thre intentio~n .of>our
government to est ii a military post there,
andl .tfi';nron irst for the sae The
bkesbidlsh.
butthlithse'mep it
ihare i mun
W fii e Mtnh
re ~t by his interpreter,.ho. advaneddi.
recti ntndheir mlndstMaud witlf big .own
ahw~ pulled dlown thoeisg,:.tramplsd it un
er 'fbet, aud afterwards bued it,,Oder
ng the lnterpi-etbr' to ihforriths 'i an~s that
'tey were within Ithe jurisd iction ofi. tlie
LQuitedStates,, and that. no other flag thin
theirs could be perinitted .to wave over it.
l'hsrmorallnfluence of this,bold act itaditp'
ioenir,ed .effect, the~ndiarisi returnsi .the next
lay to the bonuneil, and~tliej.reaty was ^con.
~ludeAt without any further th'reats or insults.3
Donarriviung at Green B1ay, 1827, for thepr.
oudta le i'ibg Indians had not
ret come-In; ind .n the object of tlie'treaty
ivas toubtlddifficulties among some of the
tribes the non-appearance of the Winneba,
roes was an evidence of .their desire for war
rather than pace. He iminediately re-em
barked on board his birch. canoe, 'for their
:amping ground, to prevent any hostilities
nd to bring themn to the treaty ground. .Ho
rapidly pursued his voyage up the Fox river,
icross the portage, and doiwn the Wisconsin,
to the place of encampment. Taking with
lum onlyhis interpreter, he wean up to the
incampment, whore ha found them in warlike I
hiood, nid determined not to treat. Threatsj
tnd entreaties were al4ike unavailog with
Lis exasperated tribe. He loft tiem, and
returned to his caInoe. As he turnsd to go to
he river, a youtng warrior raised hi gun, and
naking delberate aim, pulled the trgger; but,
providentially, the gun uissed fire This is
the only instance of violence everofiered to
hiim during the-long period of his iktercourse
with the Indians. ie proceed ini diately
Lo P'rhirie do Chien, wvhore lie orgauized the
inhabitauts and placed them in a cendition of
efence, .and retured to the treatj grouind.
By his prompt' and energetic movEments e
prevented extensive hostilities, th g end of
which no man could knnw.
In 1831, Gen. Cass was called by Gon.
Jackson to take charge of the Wir Depart
ment, and his removal fron Mliclu'an Ter-,
ritoy.was marked by ie universal expression
6fregret. His colleagues in the cabinet
were Mr. bivinigston, -ir. caLane, ir,
Woodbury, and Mr. Taney-mencyhohpos.
sessed the confidence of the President, and
s1oon acquired that of the country. The chani
acteristic traits of General Jacksoa's'admin
istration-havenow passed into history. It
was bold, prorpt, honest, and mtional. It
sought no .dangerous constructive powers,
arid it endeavored carefully to execire those
of inlci it was the trustee, for thie Ameri
can confederation. The great questions of
the bank, of the removal of the deposites of
nulification, of the French indemnity, and of
the Creek and Cherokee difficulties-three
of which involved delicate points connected
with State rights-.occupied its attention,
and were all happily disposed of. Few, if
any,.now. call n questionthe- iwisdom of Gen
eral Jackson's course upon these important
subjects, though it is di ficult now to realize
the Intense anxiety they excited, and the mo
mentous consequences which hung upon
their decision. So far as the Wir Depart
ment necessarily took any immediate course
in ther questions, it was prompt. and ener
getic, and met with the approbation of the
country. At the portentous period of nulli
fication, the military ordefs were firm, but
discreet, and it appeared by a massage from
the Plresident, in answer to a call upon that
subject, that no order had becn at any ties
giCen to "resist the constituted authoritics of
the State of Suth Carolina, within the char
tered limits <f said Fate." ihe orders to
General Scott, informed hitu that, "should,
unfortunately, a crisis arise when the ordinary
power in the hands fthe civil icers should
not be suicient for the execution { the laws,
the Pressdent wcould determine the course to be
taken, and the measures to be adopted; till then
he wcas prohibited from acting."
* * * * *
In 1841 arose the well-known question of
the quintuple treaty, in which General Cass
acted a prominent and an efficient part. The
British goverinent, in its scheme of main
tiie stperiority, which it never abandons any
more than ito plans of territorial aggrandize
nient, proctedl a plan, by which, under the
pretence of abolisihing the slave trade, her
ships of war wouhld have been enabled to
search and examine, and ultimately to seize,
the vessels of other nations at their pleasure.
This plan was to form a treaty, to which the
five great powes of Europe should be par
ties, by which means a new principle in the
law of nations would be established, and our
flag, among others, prostrated at the feet of
Eiigland. This treaty wvas negotiated and
actually signed by the ministers of the five
powers-those of England, France, Rusuia,
lPrussia. and Austria-hiefore the nature of
the transactions was fully understood by the
world. It became disclosed before the rati
fications were exchanged with the French
governmet. General Case published a pani
hlet which entered deeply into the whole
matter, and which was translated into
French and German, and extensively circu
lated upon the continent. It awakened the
piublic attention, andl created a great sensa
tion event in England. The London Times,
in announcing~ it, said:
"It is a shrewd performance, written with
some spirit much bold assertion of facts, and
a very audacious unfairniess of argument,
whichI is rather amusing, when contrasted
wvithi a certain tone of gentlemanly candor,
wvhich is occasionally adoted even in the
very act of performing some of his most glar
ing perversions."
In addition, also, the pamphlet, he present.
ed a :protest to the French government
agamnst the~ ratification of the treaty, In do
ing this, lhe stated that he had no instructiort
to pursue such a course, and adds:
"I have presumed, in -the views I have
subm'itted to you, [M. Guizot, the French
Ministers of 1'oreign Af~airs,] that I express
the feeliniga of the Americianegovernmeht
and people. If in this I havoe. vd y
self, ibn reujnnnasiklt will1:kn aman ..
os -
y Tihe fAe
ev a [the.e'hi
tienet the 0N ha n'Pibf% Qh
rryiie~l n=_
thenUnited States, by .foa d pthI
ineaseres to it iprovision, o s t
stigulations -Theyg;bv .t W
done:heirene.f juatice ~er
such'rpsult; and they
th prompt .di'.owa .6 b uos
in the nanie -f y ur c6 nt 'h:6-1 0
of the ChaniierDet f40day n00
tions'of thusinaue: ii-3~uf i
and ieiro itpioss ible they. h l i'd
in this coifident:#xpectatidi totlkeint
slter in one title theiir.coursegiotacioni
Their duty Would.lte,th .se, Apt sans
vould be their determnation to ull it
They'would prore la1e , wit a4pp
hensuon hndeeda b ut ith64isiay-qyma ;I
regret, but with firneiis f one of- those
desperate sttuggle iichayo
occurred in the history of 'the Id
where a just cause and the favor t Pi-K .
idence have given stength to1.comparatve
weakness, and bnabledittrj 'dpnk.'
pride of owar.b
Thesuccess of-this seeme, p on pher.
jibed, -and so I n'Tyo"ecd d on.;he . .av 9
Engand, furne upon" the i-tifleation
France, With it she ould hope to eita
lish this new principleQf maritime law, and
with that attain her daring object 'of mari.
time supremacy. But the opposition df'tiw
such, commercial nations as- the United
States and France: to :t is, interpolation
would ,have rendered hopeless.. itWsgeneral
recognition.. enceqher effrts to pecot
plish this measure;:and. as,for more tlian
half a.century, she. had not falied a16'ni
great object of her policy her pride,. and- iu
terest were equally united in this.1jori
nals, therefore, were filled with-the subject.
It occupied the-attention of her governmei,
her. people, and. press; and -her diplomatic
agents through Europe. were active and per.
servering.- While the subjectwas 4e
discussion 'in the Freniih Chamber -(~)p
uties, the eyesof Europe wero dit t
Paris, anxiously watching the tegnlt. T.haI
result was sion manifested. The'lnb' 1
opinion of France spoke too loudly tbe re.
sisted. The government gavoway, nd 're
fused to ratifyastro ne gotated under ,ltu
own directions, and signe i ts on ini
ter. The part which (leneral Casbore -ii
this transaction is well understood and ap
preciated by his couritrymeni; and,' if an)
doubt existed on the subject it would Ahavi
been removed by the abuse heaped upon hin
in the English journals, and, bythe declara
tion of Lord Palmertson, in Hduse o
Commons, that his efforts contributed in -
great degree to the rejection or this kmeas
ure.
An American writing from Europe, ii
Niles' Register, March, 1842, says:
"General Case has hastily areparid
pamphlet, setting forth tha true' import; anc
dangera of this treaty.-.It will lie-read bj
every statesman in Europe; and idddd to tho
General's personal influence here, will efrec
tually turn the tables on. England.Thi
country owes the General much for .his f
fectual influence with this Government.
The London 'Timcs, of January ., 184
says:
"The five powers which signed. the lat
treaty, for the suppression of the slave trade
will not allow themselves to be-thwarted ii
the execution of thia/rrangement by the- ca
pracious resistance of the cabinet at Wash
mngton."
In the spring of 1844, Gen. Cans, In re
to ilterrogatories upon that subject, wrote
letter declaring himself in favor of .the an
nexation of Texas.
SIn the month of May following; the di
mooratic National Convention ineidt Bel
timore, to nominate candidates f'or Presl
dent aind Vice President. On the firm
balloting Gen Cass received eighty thre
votes, and continued to rise tilIE n the se
vcnth, he received one hundretain'd twen
ty three votes. Had another ballot bee
taken that day, Gen. Cassivoudavitsoti
doubt, have been nominared.. Before th
assemlhing of' the convention on the *fdl
lowing day Mr. Polk was hrought foi
ward us a compromise candidate, and
after two ballottings, received the nomine
tion.
On the day that news of the nominatio
of Mr. Polk reached Detroit, a, meetin
of the Demooracy was hold, at wvhioh %Qe
Cass, in an able and eloquente speed?
gave his wvarmecst support to the nomnini
tion, and declared to enter the cofitest
seCuire its success.--In pursuane ofthi
he accepted the invitation of thee a
yiule committee, andi yas proefeit4'u il
great Nashville conventiond A
His arrival was announced by:the,
of cannon, and ho was recelve ikhee
demonstration of popular enthusIasr.C
Ihis speech there, a ieadinj paper aes'
"We did not attempt 1 asketch ofti
oloqueont and powerful speeclthat:w
made by General Cas for-owet~C
nothing short of . its publio Ient*
wvord for word and sentrice: foi';eMnei
as he. uttered~ it to adnrlil i
would,do him a fulmnt
It was the master eff'ofo a~~i;j
man; and the cipuhlr bnul~
plause iit whlo .it W 4m J
A
un
it
'U W li d M P
I durb)W
Wirihkuo 'S i"1 k
ner0 br
n04 t whiioh p
on1 hea "ddte Gi jf
6tenraI. jdtGen. estint~thfir
dion eniuadrg
eler) e, my rr.
tt f s idit ofn t
Ma'Qitywas'gvA 1rYe frPlk'
theelbattef idi-at . a.
pietaU plarit e
Ma/Phileof this fist
In-th fob whiritGeie'Cjd
e&j nai d
o?rtf., 1 i 8 '~ -a
mohe l~oin dere6thsp4 s hCh itin 6~
hqwsier h d iei 'Oi sub.
benT nIh~ ht'ut ejq i
doWltndh it
During hiosneieoN r
ties comnicidbdeenths United 8ae~
and heablioof'Mxi go., "as.
advoi'tyd:the1 rns enlergeilfmq:na
oa viguooois proecution..of
for earfing Ft into the nt
pytcountry.
In t winted o 184 5 t b -
Provio'was introduced intot
as an narit6thetilI 1
by j f'eailisio~If.orn Nf B '4~
The desigrlbf their's a d t
defeat the pe'sten of the ?jit V
wato b att'aehe4and tdibans'i
war. 'GeiriCaso edo i.tho gro
sof forteaeousgiYe n lsedl qn te'
occasio.
' It was during the. sssionof this Oon'i
gress that the 6tarifo18460,nd ne.
pendent treniqry were'establishe ItCV
Inot one to the eclusive chep d a
fred t rade,~ ed thie 'ltrak dvo&aje of i
hard-mnonefou rec 5 t
r. Grn, "r Co 1&ik O-q~iit 'dh6 o
of protention - "h . Pr
tirer ai661 14
athse aeiraih -'thath'
p the prsit of someth t1
tisdewhichiiqas thenih4ltM -pleo
with practicalinen.,t i i'~n b
, enlarged and liberalifw &W,~wos stren~t
t of oilaracter and influence oriy. dno.
tfon with their'action' thai.i geo~nr
iadebted fo real udna~ ba;~
forms Wce~ ar sg
h affresttieegj ofhi fuuceei
his zeafouis.an4unfiinahnin~jo
the close, of that (Congressaeer&1 Cass<
1as invited,' by the De rtio emrbers 4
ofthe legislature of Now~ork, to paitake
of a publiidienir at.Al~bany, as araf
their appreciation of his abrillidutpud l
seif iges, ancttheiretinato of li
aacter a8s a mpn.Tti
Dartmo~ih' Coe-1~ HnphtFrat
the~ annuai ysfidr jet Q that lostIts~
, ton;e-Th's od~eat fterwardssprepared -
else 1ne, withap ro.
~ ~ p ~ l ioe r * ch e p ~ ntito
Shimitio 4thet &
GevC

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