Newspaper Page Text
d i MG a1
ea- e, olin 'st . a st irA
eloe ThatL9 i agessd ahl,
6isme the anibai-go ons I a'.ril
ofst theinonijIntercourse fthe wa.
moQal of th6 bdendsilanra' 0
otherslBet we hveutlived tham 4,
and adianded'in all Aeelemeis'ef:pow.
erand poi ty Iwith arapidit hereto
elet. p>ha "aapaeriis le
fore anknlown in the historiy of natonh if
fr awn in the itoy o aiosI
we should swallow Mexico tomorrow, I
do not believe it would kill us. The 8e.
nator from North .Carolina and myself
may not live to see it, bIut am by .no
means satisfied that the day will not'come
in which'the wholeof the vast country a.
round Us will form one of the mnost nasg.
nificent empires that the .world has yet
seen-glorious in its prosperity and still
more glorious in the .establiannt and
perpetuation of the prindiplesof free'gov
ernment and the blessings Vwhich they
bring with them."
In December, 1847, General Cass gave
his views at length upon the "Wilmot
Proviso," in a letter to Mr. Nicholson, of
Tennessee. In that letter*. he. avowed
himself opposed to the measure, and to the
exercise of any legislatiori by Congress,
over any of the territories of the United
States, respecting the domestic relations
of their inhabitants. He believed . all
questions of that nature should be, settled
by the people themselves who ought to
be allowed "to regulate their internal
concerns in their own way," and that
Congress has no more power to abolish or
establish slavery in such territories than
it has to regulate any other of the relative
duties of social life-that of husband and
wire, of parent-and child, or of master and
servant. He said, in conclusion:
"The 'Wilmot Proviso' seeks to take
from its legitimate tribunal a question of
domestic policy, having no relation to the
Union, as such, and to tiinsfer it to anoth.
or, created by the people for a special
- purpose, and foreign, to the subject matter
involved in the issues By -going back to
our true principles, ' we go back to
the road of peace and safety. Leave to
the people, who will be -alected' by this
<question, to adjust it upon their own re
sponsihility and in their own manner, and
we siiali rebder ailother tribute to the ori
ginal principles of our Government, and
fuirnish anothier guarantee for its perma
rence and prosperity."
.The Democratic State Convention of
Ohio, on the 8th of January, 1848, do.
clared in favor of General Cass for the
Presidency, wvith a unanimity unequalled,
in the previous history of the State. Al.
though there was much difr'ence of op
inion in the Aelection of a* candidate for
Governor, yet the popular sentiment in
favor of;General'Cass, and the conviction.
jhat. wikh him as the ca'ndidate their State
*could be placed. among the foremost of the
Demrocratie States of the Union,' induced
:n atost unanimotas expression in his
favor.: (At the last election in the SEbte
of Ohio the popular vote was Demnoperatio
by a:,pnajority of 1,053.) The State Con.
* vention~of'Michigan has also unanimous
ly-placed him in nomination for the' Presi
deney. --In the Democratic State Con.
.vention of-Pennsylvania, held at Harris.
*burg, eon the 4tf'of March, 1848, a reso
tution in the highest , degree compliment.
ary to General Cass, wvas unanimously.
reported by the committee, and adopted
with acclamation by the conventioha.
It is not necessary to refer to the nume
rous public demonstrations and the lead.
ing journals wvhieh have given expression
in his favor in New En'gland, th6 Middle
States, the' Westaind the South. Public
opinion"lookclng to his brilliant services,
sterling integrity, and unflinching fidelity,
hias'pointed to him asU THE MAN FOR THE
1rIMES, and the proper exponent of the A.
rnerican Democracy. P lain 'and unas
eutning in his manners, kind and gener
ou. to a fault, frank and social in his In.
tercourse with his fellow-men, he is, in
eviery sense of the word, a Democrat.
Prom' the Charleston Courier June, 28.
The inhabitants of the' Isle of Camec
* ~ had petitioned Commodore Perry not, .to
withdraw the naval forces until the I.
can government had provided for i efr
. safety. The Peninsula was In a moo e
plorable state. -
't-ten o'olock last night, we r(
a econd dispatch from our prft
'teontlve New .Orleans corrrea'
dat~ -Turaday, 22d inst.
- i4ndan. had become veryMi uB.
Ao aptains Hant: and'Wise, with:
~$h~saa~1., id repelled an attack of
hti~btes ,d Idtin I~o ~ Csp h
mw iotaeiN N.H
n r -
ria dabyseanionebat t.
sf~catasaboesige ta tp une
otim16di ef tiAM .fe gros C 6ecio
hane mde thmsel j ruaseito ither
tance ~O fl'at*'ieA'mxn Mzloo.
:16golCampeontsdnder blddy.-25th of
ay victorlowin r bisied in thie
F6tnn ithabants ef B uiteen cawho n
noniveddtoay bsea lnposnertha Thfo
alge diado bsie that 'on 1nd'
cato the on ~eoandal Ci hiv
have eade tslie , as t heo ren
Chienf, hotl cnteted aieloady lght.
T he vietorous ho re has eai de n this
towe ridue tous nd tmusltt, furteen can -
non.ladfiftyth barrels o -d Thej
iaovda Orisoiaers.tdide &W perosiieft
atthe garrison. The anda Ch i hav
ing been- illand in the attackm thes prison.
have ecaphed hlifpe.as the' .trene
gade' tlaneva;Asuceor to the dead
Chief, has dcntented hniself witsf-ca ng
their hea dtobe shaeda mode of mar
ing those white peronmai who ll into their
pwr, rIdliclouir, -not. unfrquently pra.
oftieb tkeingot..aarb h Idas
a.h barbarianis have 'sent their emmis.
sares asr ts' Palenque; in the Most
distant towniforf u00o mourof them
havei bee~nshot4and It appears that troops
have left Tobaso to pfigt the Indians
who have deoended ih uth plains ofCaL
3,the -22d an Englibh - ilot boat ar
rived -at Sial from Balize, with the news
of the taking of Bacalar by the Indiana,
and according to the Captain, there was
in Jamaica a force of 2000 men ready to
be embarked for that point to protect the
interests of -British srubjects - and. of the
THE EVACUATION OF THE CAI1.
It Is now 9 months since our indomitable
little srmy, after deeds of unparalled valor
and firmness, and after fighting som" of the
bloodiest, fiercest-and roost unequal com
batato, be found in history, entered in tri
umph the far-famed capital of the enemy
and raised the stars and stripes over a
hostile population of 200,000 souls. The
annals of human. bravery may besearch.
ed in vain for more, -brilliant results a-.
chieved by sMaller means. But. their
deeds are too fresh in the memory of all
to require recapitulation or. justification.
We have now to notice the final evacuation
of the capital, under the peace which our
generosity has granted.
Theist Division of Regulars, .underc
Worth, marched with colors flying anda
bands playing through the city of Mexico
on the 12th June, 1848, and took the road
to the coast as the rear division of our
army.' Beford this gallant division left,
the city, it was drawn up in line on the
Grand Plaza, to salute the banner of our
Republic, 'as It was lowered from tha I
promud emitienace where* American valor
had placed it. The ceremony was an in.
teresting one. Toa Cptain Naylor, a gal.: d
lant Pennsylvanian, wvho haqgained much
.distinction by his active and useful dis
charge of the duties of keeper of the pub
lie records of Mexico, was -assigned the
task of lowering the stars and stripes.
The batteries of Capt. Shnver, the gallant
defender of Saltillo, and of Lieut. Hlunt,
were drawn up to salute, with the loudest
boomings of their artillery, the glb'rious
banner-as it descended. But here, an
event occurred; which by the ancients I
would have- bewn, regarded as a striking
omen. A s the flag wasn lowered, a brisk r
breeze immediately blew up, and filling
its folds, caused some difficulty in furl- r
ing it.. it fluttered for some time, i
and. seemed reluctant to leave its~
proud position. Finally, however, the
gallant Captain having succeeded in
getting hold of it, released it from a
its position, and immediately after it was q
furled the breeze lulled, and a perfect ti
calm and silence ensued.
Then the Mexican flag was attached to
the ropes to be hauled up, and up It went,
slowly-and sneakingly, with its gaudy lI
folds hanging lazily an the still air, and t
with no loud shouts or other demonstra.. I
tions of pride or satisfaction to celebrate e
the joyous occasion,.f
Our army'saluted the Mexican flag, t
broke into column and commenced its
march out of the Anemy's capital.
. aona VzuA Cauz.-The United States ib
'steamship'Virginia, Capt. 3. Spinney, Jr. a
ar-jyd here yesterday, within six days from fi
Vera Cruz, with seven companies of the o
Palmetto Regiment. -Tihe remainig three r
~companies embarked and sailed the same day t<
.bord the schooner T. F. flunt. e
~jWefollowing is a list of the cabin passen
jaj9.A. H1. Gladden -and servant, Lieut. fi
G~R . M. Donovant, Major. K. S. Mof- hi
'adservant, Surgeon..C. J. Clark and a
rvist. Lieut. J. T. W~alker, A. Rtegiment hi
-arterraaster, Lieut. Joseph Abney, A. v
iR~ment Columissioner Subsistence, Liout. ti
'lIphell,. djutant, ECaptins P."':5. tI
Broo' and servant. Wmn. lading and ser- -t<
MutJos.Kenndy, De~ausaere. mnd c
ilert, ill B 1Ll and
servant, ut,~t Lieuts.a
AMfan li)ju ~i
Mesr arE C.Smer ,S)
ikk T 3Mlie&12R
M e, a, Cmbrnde, .C
E'The Physicians of SumterDistrict are
reqiested tooaeet at the Court-House ,n the
17th;dayof: Jily for the purpos of king
intoconidderationthd' proceedings of ' he
Bedical Coventionl held i CharlestennIn
Pebruarylastand.forthe purpe of organ.
izingaBranch Society of therSout Caroll.
The next regular meeting of the Lodbar
T. A.SeeletyIllb' held at Lodir, on
SaturdayIhe 29th July nextt at 11o' clock,
. M. 6ration -by -Mr. Rosir E. WRei Ln
T. B Fiisz, eq, willMa;o deliver a
d~dresa: The public are invited..
ALEX. WATTS &e
Jupe 27th 1848.
During this season, there have been' ve
peated raips in this:District, which have done
much-dagage tothe corn and some to the
:otton. Volentrains, of greater orles du
ration,. ardecommon in the afternoom The
weather is hot though changeable, and the
sky very Oequeouy presents a threatening
md lowering appearance.
The lastns from the Charlestem market
represent e price of this article at from o
L-4 to 624 eta.
rHE DARLINGTON. CONVENTION.
The proceedings of the Rail Rbhd Con.
rention hel at Darlington have not yet been
received. It is believed that the secretary is
mufering nuder indisposition, and that this is
he reton j their non-arrivL
No news has lately been receiveds of the
Sumter 'Volunteers. Their arrival is iot
nentioned among the seven companies a4
blobile, though they were expected shortly.
Ihe Palmetto Regivibpt wae,s epected to
eave that city on, the 2nd or 3rd instant.
We are, Inhopes that their olders will -allow.
hem to pass the 4th in Mobile, to enjoy the
_ospitalities of that city, and that they may
retbe ranporedhome by water, as was
iriinllydeire..They will be. disbanded
et Fort Moultrie..
THE COLUMBIA TELEGRAPH.
This Interesting and spirited papet has
ome under the editarial management of -Mr.
SDw!N DS'LEONr, a gentleman who is com
ilimented by his brother editors as one in
very way suited for the occupation, and who
m known to be an able writer. He baa bee*
or some time past editor of "The&8aianudA'
tepubican",a whig paper.
WELCOME TO THE PALMETTO
Pursuant to public notice, the- citizens- of
Iumter District convened in the- Court
louse at 18 o'clock this day, to expres
aeir.highi appreciation of the conduct of their
illant sons, and to make necessary arrange.
ments for the welcome of their own compa
y to their native home.
On motion of Cor,. WiN. Nzms, the
woeting was organized by calling Cor.. Ox.
AwNo S. RF.Es to the chair, and F. M. An.
us EsQ., was nominated as Secretary.
The Hox. F, J. MosEs then ,rose, and,
fter a few spirited remarks in his usual oe.
uent manneor, in reference to the object of
be meeting, efibred the following Pream.
le. andI Resolution., which were unani
Whereas, The citizens of Sumter District,
ave in common with the whole people of
be State, received with feeling of no ordi.
ary gratification, the glad intellgncof the
xpected arrival of the Palto Regiment
rom dhe Mexican war, covered with a glory
bat has shed additional lustre on Ihe honored
ame of Carolina,-And whereaa a expres
ion of the joy we experience in again re
ewving our gallant sons, is as hesming to
urselves, as due to those who haya asor.
aan redeenied every pledge which South
arolina made, when she sent them forth to
atile (or our common cotry: And where.
s in that heroic band the District of Sumter
irnished her Company of citizen soldiers,
rho after displaying on the field deeds of he,
:sism worthy.of veterans, are about repairing
3 their native soil again to assume the wont.
d and varied duties of civil life.
1. -Rcsolved, That we hail the return of
10 Palmetto Regiment with a joy and grati
cation dimmed only by a recollection oT the
>ss we have sustained in Ithe death of many
brave son, who yielded his life on the altar of
is country, defending its valued rightsa-hat
to will never fall to hold in dearest estima
on theovirtugs, the braver and ptriotiseif
iose.wbb were not permitted tolbe a rod
redeivs In ~pthe homamg we w il o.
lrd totheir memories, e .
Ihiaesenk~l tap a" Y-4pgso
ed ind is gand g
sheeshal oi'chuo uA h'~ji
southern Ma h
ltims bnnoiation o 0
Iwe may disapprovn
Itw gem sos, or ur ote
Afanvfadlirentpa th a d
On the'en alde fious- a
southerner whig 1 prini Itrpie
sident, and aInk abolost foD I
pres-id the f ln
themselves or the. flts r otn dtid
pQplarty ot Gen."Taylor to iearefi
votes ofeouthern whiga lf, podiMe f
som~e sout hern demoorats An6 aeiecfdai
voing topropitiate thi &IftaoW4r:i
Recrfre all th orhrnn*ml
Pron so mven by the nominatkmsoA r4
Filmore for-the vfoe prWeideny.
Oil the other side, who is 'h.Aoe
the candid@teof the democati&ry
Gen. Cas, a a vbsomn the mSuth
ling to trust; all wave thet'V
ocasionaliy gbeeEe# WW
the nal" of e.
Kentuckywh es deues
are euitieuy atifagtory.
Thme whigs have aeletfe a tims
and a northemr; thei demoorate
torn citizen andl a heree
lieved by sI~fa hasLr~~
ooe. one. ~4
S omne recommegd ifa a~ &~p
quiet until fortner dev.o pnti&
inade; some that shd ve lb 1aydo
era~ that she vot I6la IL
. Tp igrestprobabty dhat NO
York wfiyoteeginst Cass, aind houkd
&anthrCaolina do the same hl d feat Is
considered as ort in. -
The dif~rent paes ip thi 'a~ ar
taking their sa u tnhisgoontes1pd it
appear. to excite the. peopleimea
dsual. GeneraITigon aeditioithie
litical unaninityfeisisting -
much political exciteimet 4.' ev1'ed.
Now, however, th(tthepeople ha. se
doubt abiout the soundnesse E~Gen. Ca
on the Wilmot iioquestiond ethe
er alaveholders may. carry their jaye
property into the territories and there
use it until the people of th6 ttal
formed ther. out determine on id
gal existence or not, (his contiest -is
ausunting in - heir eyes greladIyor.
tance. The resolutios$~fortheinoraus
tic ~onlVention,1 UO j ip*vof i.oif aMv
Case replied, are nonsidered by ',vr~ )
the southern statea s sufeficoiently sr
for the principles of'lb thay d;
aothefn ighis inotewlis Tenni
esslUis, also, "daen jt Co
have sny right to ewclude Mef~m
the uerrtories baa Is Uise&tr , leyi*
to the pieojle of any gritory whiob ea
be hereal~ar anquired t
it for themselves, tndsep debl
cipies of the Constitntion."n j~~
is against the Wilmot pvIdle#
non.slaveIodre' in aoqu~iv(v
This qgotedi pinion isa~tae
etitutioni n4 eP rto i(souh
orie joItr Pnn tidalh~4t4i
opion, ever ft dag l
nb ~ h m 4 o g
i;.ir t~ *
solal pn~perty~ ,