Newspaper Page Text
JANUARY. f 3 4*5 0.7
8 9101112. 1314
15 6o 17 18 19 20 21
2 324 2526 27 28
FEBRUARY. 1 2 3 4
5 0 7 8 9-10 11
12 18 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
MARCIL 227 2813
- M6A.R . - 1 2 3- 4
5 8 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 2,3 24 25
20 27 28 29 30 31
-12 13 14 15 16 17 1.8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 20 27 28 29
MAY. 1 2 3 4 5 0
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 19 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 20 27
28 29 30 31
JUNE. 1j 2 3
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 10 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
JULY. 25 26 27 28 '29 30
2 3 4 5 0 7 8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
10 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 28' 27 28 29
AUGUST. 1 2 3 4 5
0 7 8 9 10 11 12
13 14 15 10 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 20 30 31
SEPTEMBER. 1 2
3 4 5 0 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15 10
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 20 27 28 29 30
OCTOBER. 1 2 3 4 5 0 7
8 0 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 2 27 28
29 30 31
NOVEMBER. 1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 10 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
20 27128 29 :30
DECEMBER. 0 1 2
3 4 5 6 78 9
10 11 12 13 14 15 10
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 20 27128 29 30
RUssIAN FIRE DEPARTMENT.-A letter re
ceived in Portland, Me. from Constradt,
"I saw here what a Geor'an''would call
s smart chance for a fire, an t4e way they
managed it may be of service to you Port
-gbot ainil distant. y e
ta6ie ores and engines were brought, the
fire had made decent progress, but not so
much then, but that your fire department
could have extinguished it in forty-five min
utes at most. By this time cocked It its, gold
lace, and all sorts of military gentlemen were
about, all giving orders, and no one to work.
At last I saw ono engine worked by seven
Russian soldiers, cqual to about three Yann
kees.. And tho, old Portland and Vigilant
wvere mn comparison to these, what your first
class engines are to them. Certainly two of
these stationed before a baker's oven, work
ing with all the power possible for poor Rus
sians to put on, would not be the least imped
iment to its heating. The consequence was,
with all the noise, disorder and mismanage
ment, the fire burnt out instead of bteing p~ut
out, destroyng about forty buildings, when
but one, ifthaat, should have been burned.
The manner in which thcse ptowerfulI engines
wvere supplied, was by a horse and cart wire
a cask, containin-r about one hundred and
forty gallons, and'it appeared to meo one horse
and cart tended each engine, and thent went
for another caskful], aud so on."
A new kind of Life-P~reserver has been
brought forward in New York, the invent
ors of wvhich claim for it thle following ad
"A person wearing one of these life-pre
servers can carry fromt fifty to one hundred
pounds,. in addition to their person, and float
four persons in the water, withkout sinking,
and can take no position except with -the
head and shoulders entirely above thke wa
"The entire person, save the face, is en
closed by an India-rubber dress, parts of
wvhich are inflateud, enabling the wveakrer to
float in an erect, or sleep in a reclining pos
t tre or with paddles which are attan led,
prepel himself at the rate of three miles an
hour. His peorson is kept entirely dry, and
the heat of his body so retained that he is
warm and comfortable, whken floating on the
water in cold weather."
DEFAMATION OF THE SOUrI.-Re~v. II,
S. Cooke, of Now York, lately sakid that
ini Western Virginia thero was no bookstore
no Church, and no schoolhaouse; that this
territory furnuished large numbers of~ per
sons yearly, who emnigratte to the west,
and whose ignorance and impiety are to
bear directly upon the wvhole country.
The Richmond Southerner fixes the
the brand of falsehood upont the wholesale
defamer. It says:
"There are over three hund red Chu rch
es in Western Virginin, some two hun.
dred and fify Sabbath Schools, t wo Colie
eos, besides A cademies and Ihigh Schools
L'ho statement that the people of western
Virginia ore moving off to the Western
States in large numbers is without the
least shadowv of truth. A heavy emigra.
tion is pouring into that part of Virginia
from the North and South. 'The charge
that there a re no bookstores or school hou-.
ses is a malicious libel on the people1 of
Western Virginia. 'This Rev. Mr'. Cooke
must be a reckless parson, or he wanted
to see to what extent Iho could gaull his
hearers, This paragraph htas been going
Ind ve oti
~papersnA Woprl t1Qt~I fto
nng to 6.6
iT O i Gisatd. by.
Capt. Folsom in his letteriof tober.Bth
to Gen. Jessup,4it themiserible Sand.
which slanders one dollar. per hour
:for working about the storehousen of San.
Francisco-laborers. by the week get.
840 and 050--nechanics get 88.and $10
peraday, and $0 per day. by th omonth....
Common. clerks and salesmen in, stores
receive 02,500. and their board; and the
Captain writes that the boy in his employ,
who was a volunteer a- few days before,
he pays $1500 per annum. But he adds
.that the wages were not high whon it is
considered that this boy has to pay 98 per
dozen ior washing, and every thing else
at corresponding. prices. The principal
waiter in the hotel gets 81700, and others
from 81200 to $1500 per annum. The
Captain says it would cost him more than
his pay as a government officer to have his
HEAD Won.-Head work is the hardest
work in the wor'd. The artisan feels this,
if at any time he has to spend a whole day in
calculation. All men of. learning testify to
the same truth, and meagre frames and sal.
low comelexions tell aplainer tale than their
words. Sir Edward Coke, the great English
lawyer, speaks thu3 concerning his great
work: "While we were in hand with these
four parts of the Instutite, we often having
occasion to go into the country, did in some
sort envy the honest ploughman and other me.
chanics. For, one when he was at work
would sing, and the ploughman whistle some
self-pleasing tune, and yet their work pro
ceeded and succeeded; but he that takes upon
imself to write, doth captivate all the facult
ice and powers both of his mind and body and
must be only attentive to that which he col
lecteth without any expression of joy or cheer
fulness while he is at his work." Will not
these words breathe a degree of consolation
to many who heedlessly consider that all toil
is confined to the working classes?-Scienti
AMERICAN MEDIATION DESIRED.--The
Pesth louse of Representatives has de.
clared the Throne of Hungary vacant and
the House of Hapsburg anworthy to reign.
It is said that Kossuth has written to Mr.
Stiles, the United States Minister, in order
to request him to use his iufluenco with
Windischgratz to induce the last named
to consent to a three month's truce with
T fRox.-A Montreal paper states that
the English T I ron for Rail Roads can be
procured in Canada at $30 per ton, a lit
tle more than halfthe price it would have
brought a year ago.
TIuS PdPULATION. OFNEW.YORK.---Mr. Ya
ln q, in his forthcoming Afanual b'or
0pt6n of-New-York- itatestha
1311POaTANT DIscoVERy.--The English
newspapers inform us that by recent investi
gations Which h-ve been carriel on by the
Royal Irish Fisheries Company, it has been
ascertained that the Newfoundland Tishing
banks extend eastward across the Atlantic to
within 100 miles of the coast of Ireland, and
that fish enough can be procured on that coast
to supply all the markets in the world.
PUNISnItENT OF A SL.AVE AnnDUcroR.
The Enste'rn (MdI.) Gazette savs that
James E'. Work, convicted of aidling then
escape of slaves, has been sentenced hy
Talbot county court fir five years to the
penitentinry, for the contvictiona against
him in that county, makinag with the sen
tence, includinag that of Queen A nne's
county', fifteent years and six monthts.
GeN TAvI.Ont's Aa..--We perceiveint
the New York I Ierahil a statemtenat that
Gen. Ta'ylor is lbut lifty-eight years of age
This is not coirret. WeC hadl'it fromn the
Genteral himself' that hte was"' sixty-funtr."'
Te/clgraphic Correspondece of thec Bal.
BOSTON, Jan. 2, 184.t9
DE.ATHI OF A WVEALTnlY MAN--Peter C.
IBrooks, thte wveatlghiest lanad.haolder in
Newv England, and fartherin-lgaw of' Ed.
wvard Everett, (lied last ntighat. Ilia f'ortunte
cstimate is at bctwceen 7,00,000 andL $8,
CONGRss - NOT AnBLE TO CRtEATE. A
STA TE.--The Alexandria Gazette, of Sat
uirday last, lhas the followving:
"We learn that the Senato's-Judiciary
committee have htad Judge Doublas's bill,
to admit California and New Mexico as a
State under consideration, and have con.
eluded to report against it. Mr. Borrien
wijlh drawv ups the report and( present it, it
is hprobable, on Moniday next.
"I Tho commnittee decide tijat Congress'
has nto power to create a Stdte. TIhey
also decide thatt it w~ouhld b inpolitic or
intexpedient to amalgamate in one, two
separate and distnt States."
MExtCAN Co!NAGE.-fThe coinage of
the mnint in Mexico is expected this year
to amount to 830,000,000, and die next
year, it is estimated, it will reacht $40.,.
000,000. The increase is said to be ow.
intg to the discovery of some niew mines
and more extended operations of some of
the old otnes.
Fort umnc.---Chanrles F. A dams, tho Into
Free Soil canduidato for the Vice Pr'e.siden
cy, is nowv rich enought to remnain a pri.
vate intdividhual. In addition to foriune
inhlerited f'romn his fathter, ho is one of the
hecirazof the Iato Peter' C. Brooks, the
wvtalthiost man in Now England, wvho
wvas his farthter.in-lawv. Another (laught
er of Mr. B. is the wife of President Eve
hanliso t 4 a,
SUMTE1 EL~ S.
FRANCIS M. ADAIS, EDITOR.
AdNTS ron- maE BANn R.
biessrs, WnUTE, & Co. Sumterville, S.~.
T. W. PoUs, Esq., Camden, S.C.
CHKARLESTON -TIo prices varied, at Ui&
last reports, at from 5 1-2 to 7c. They have
been pushed forward too much, and. there is
reason to fear a decline, though the New'
York prices are from 7 1-2 -to 8 c., and the
inarket continues firm in Liverpool.
SUat-rnILLy-Tio sales of the- past
week, ending on the 13th, amount td 33 bales;
13 at from 4 3-4 to 5 3.4, and 20 tifrom 5 to
Our Post Office.
'The location of the post-office in th vil
lage has Peen changed from the store of A.
White & Co. to that of -Messrs. A. J. & P.
Sons of Tesuperance.
The quarterly session of the Grandj)ivis
ion of the Sons of Temperance of South Car.
olina %ill be held at Camden on Thursday
the 25th inst., to assemble at 7 o'clock, P. A.
Sumter Division, No. 12, S. of T.
The Rev. Noah Graham has been elected
Chaplain of this Division, to serve for the pro.
'Death of a Young Lady,
BY ACCIDENTAL POISONING.
A most melancholy occurrence of this kind
took.place in Clarendon county, in this din
trict, on the 7th inst. A Miss Magdalen Mc..
Cauley, daughterof Mr. George I. McCauley.
of Clarendon, on the evening of that day, cal
led on a visit at the residence of Dr. C. W
Leseone, and, on being informed by the ser
vant that the family were not at home, remain
edir the house awaiting their return. While
there, a violent toothache came on, and, as
certaining on inquiry that the Doctor's office
was closed, so that no relief therefrom could
be obtained, she procurod from his medicine
trunk, which was brought to her by a servant,.
tle only phial therein contaninta very smill
quaniity of white pw ,
t be orphine. Ehpplyin h thbug
ntents, 1he mixed n~h - h.witrfid '
had taken was str)ine. and causedher
death in twenty minutes. She had supposed it
to be morphine, a substance similar in appear
ance. The doctor on his return said there
were three grains in the phial. A medical
friend informs us that one-sixteenth or one
twentieth of a grain is a dose; and that a qu ir-.
ter of a grain of morphine nearly equals in
bulk a grain of strychnine. The quantity she
tooik acted as a most virulent poison. A fatal
ipistakec! IHer bereaved parents hive thue,
by a mistake appaling in its suddenness and
fatality,' beeni deprived of a daughter, amiable
in character, intelligent in mind, and lovely in
person. T1heir lors is great and more than
usgily terrible and saddening from its singu-.
!aritl infrequency and suddenness.
In regard to this occurrence, it becomes
our duty a-s public journalists to hold up this
imstance as a warning to all, especially the
yourt, ignorant, vent~uresumie, careless and
mecxycrienced, not to tamper in such a man
ner with drugs and mecdicines wvth which they
are : iacquaint~ed, lest they too lose their Jives
by s a e fatal mistake.
"unard" or "Patrol Duty."
P h.w Citizens:-You are called upon by
the Qmuncil to determine at the ballot box,
on~ Sgjurday next, the 20th,, whether you will
perfor "patrol duty" as heretofore, or pay
$4. ce h as a composition tax to pay a
"guar of say four men to perform the duty.
Such m arrangement will suit very well those
who nat- pay substitutes, and do not perform
the du themselves, whbile it will bear hard
on th to whom every dollar is of consider.
orablo I portance.
re Engine aid Welli.
So on y wooden buildings have been erec-.
ted in mterville during the last thrree
years, aso closely are they situated to.
gethert ,at it is not without reason, that soe
our cites dread the possibility of a' fire.
Shoula lire occur, there exists no means In
aur villd of quenching it; and the probabili
ty is, thhl~ would desolate at least one fourth
before miuld be stopped, and then this would
:mly be rlen its devouring flames had de-.
stroyed within its reach, A 'fire, whether
great oi spall, whether in a city, town, or vil-.
age, is acourge, by all reasonable means to
e prev~ id and providedl against, Lot our
~itixens enember the terrible efl'ects of fires C
n other 4ilages. Let not our village smoulder C
n asher as soon as it has awoke to enterprise
mnd gre; r importance than heretofore. Thus C
ar, it is 'e, we have escaped; but, in this
hing, it iejo augury or preventive against its t
ccurrene Our evil day may come. Let C
rs endoavag to be prepared against it. Con.i
mider, what a large amount of property wvouldi
eO destroyed by a ire here.'
'The abeie remarks are made with a view r
t ntre a
thinng; forsth re apa r the tFo e
.impoentoetw thpitiljevtanK y co i
t ieatntew deo i dt rese t, is quite
wt quitape ly.6 t le
lsong' s ran u i ru obrebult.
viWlage aret rnieng o att to et a
improves the. buildngAotis f itgonach wsi
of what ws 6trzme y ince e aidh ihe Theo
.impr6vement 'w'Ohope; -will eventualy couar_
ter~b he efrey~A present, it hsqat
an ugly appearance
DysoWN -- Fiactorj to ,0 o R4builte
WVOare gratif6id o earn thlt Ale. Joptfi
Dyson will rebuild hiis" factory, wh viich wvas'
burnt'sorue time' siinie,' and 'that lWe
making - brick for that purpose.
Not long since, a geptlerian of thisp r ie,
left Charleston at 0-o'clock in the arring
and arrived in Sumtervilie at ten minutes af.
ier 0 in the evening,-quit' a quick passage
compared -with those of fornier day's.
V. TuURLOw Casoxf Qr m has as
sumed the editorial departiaiett of The C .am
den Journal, and, in a well-wrijten *ditorial,
gives et-iderice of his ability fri-e usefaistea.
tioivhich he oe cipies. Thie Journal, as
heretofore, will be strictly Souther'inamtetdi
indeed, which we could not d6ubt from our
knowledge of its editor.
We welcome him as an ally, both onthe;
question of Southern R ghts and as oneof tho
The Jan.-No. 6f the Southern LiterarV
Messenger has arrived, printed with new type
and in a suyerior style, and filly orthy p
the South. This -No is one of' great inteir.
est, much more soh6% ad.
The Jan. No e
turist is b efe us,vbta-n iui4
Fignetle, and Maintain ue
a or W .
believed the object ofthe meeting was to Zf
feet a full reprosentation of the stock 6f.Sum.;.
ter District by proxies -at the meeting of
stockholders of the V: & M. 1t. R, to he held
at Wilmington. N. C., on the 18th inast. In a
few words he shawesd the great importance of
our being fully repr'osanted at that meeting,
and hoped that sucia would be the case.
After some deliberation, on motion of Capt.
Blanding, the followving resolution was passedl.
Resorced, That aCommiit tee of Fin e bo op
pointed to procuro the full representation of
the Sumter stockholders.
The following gentleme~n were apponed
Capt. J. D. laniding, Co'. J. J1. Moore, Mr.
D. B. McLaurin, Mr. J. HI. Dingle, Mr. A.
I a conversation among the stockholders
at the same time, Col. F. J. Moses, M ,j, W~m.
Ilaynsworth, and Capt. IBlamnding, were re
quested to go to Wilmington, to attend the
meeting. if it should be in their power; and, if e
the three could not go, that. one or more of I
them should do so,.
During the deliberatid~n f the meeig
Capt.Banig brought forward the follow.,
ing propositions for coinsideration and reflec
tion; and we present them to the public with
the same view.
That, the proxies from Sumter .District be
requested to lay before the meeting of stock
holders at WVilmnington, on tha 18th inst., the
propriety of making a proposition to the
So. Carolina Rail Road Company to build so
mnuch of the Manchester and Wilnington
road as will extend te Sumterville, and, in fr
onsideration thereof, said Company be al
owedf68,000 of the State loan, and a pro g
ua proportion of the stock at present sub- I
acribed to the W. &M, R. R.w
That the W. &4&I. R. Company -be re- a1
juested, in the event of the failureof the last
troposition, to propose to the 8. C I 11R. Corn.i
o build so much of the road at thojianction as at
vili make the terminus of thle WV. &. M. R. Ri E
bhove the swamp and upon the secon'd rise
rem the Wateree river, for which an equiva-. or
ent be allowed tsem.,. g
That, in all eveiift, t~e. proxies from thisW
listrict be requested to lay before and urge
pon),he meeting of stockholdeirs to be held th
.t Wilmington the propriety and expedieiicy pa
f having the workshops &c. of the west end ce
f the road located at 8umterville. an
We leave the two first propositions ?rthq e
onsideration of the stockholders and public. sti
At the same time, we -heartily commend tlii
'lo last to favorable eonsideggtjon on accounttu
f the manifest adviitage attendant obriig- its
g employment, Isines,trad,the'nich~an- tic
arts, money and 'population to onr village, sa
rhich wvill add a now prosperity ntecessarily ~
esultinr freounch causes.
he enforcen nVof ti6bet , 6
.ong of th eige
nean for preenjo
f fu ities es, Ia iA"
mesor it.s a matt rh
nercenusilt deintdfifi ei
>f tho 4th:Art. of.tIl Co0itei>
lhrost niuthe Northern ard'eti,
iave by leginjation erjdigJldpi
roye any renedy hat the soui
inder teCnttto u
n cases of the e:nioto of t
An- astounding stateinent
*l .next meeting of th10nJh,
v rd to the loss ofpopd
idia and Kent'Y meur
e'OTinducem6tn a ld i1liiS I i
unaways by northern associations
Yrom Ker.tucky- there are.saidba :K4
re called" tinder-ground railhon
senpe of slaves into free tetes, that is
re three companies enga in-te bus l
f providing slaves with e mean
nte Ohio Mlichigan and 1%
Mr..CAnoux ill be n
p timite the Sotit 4'i ietr~
nce, andide' 7
aking it~j . o the t ork t
nattet- has n~ot ht dlca i
Ot th6-questi oe.
ubmitted to the iniseti
a~,itoidaynk~d leave to
ng prame ad re0l
create all laws.neces
provisions o'tie Ci's itit
Jed. to otect the'i
etates in -ti rightaL Q
experien d4p ed i~'
ais ost tj
rrbill'alst . te da
By Tcl-'graphfirC at4 ri x4
--LA2iti ROi 6 F
Lonis Nutpoleoi ocr ~ V 4
Presdent o1flu knla
On the .2%1J uh. mn tho Nuio
y.MAkanAST proclaimed Louils N~i'
Ireagleet~of the Frnl~pdllni
18.. The P'regidont, electh tdkte6a itV
flince at tha Tfr~bune, ant r ead an
,rtielauiin the Republic' one and a~~
NEW. Ong :MAnEEr
W~ashington causedl an attraince hi lI
!e, and'theo sales amounto t OJO1000~
ringing from 7 l.2 toScetu.~
ry of thne inaugural4 speej~~vs
Or.EON, eGuxeral - QvAAJGn a
hook hands, at which nefa 'or
nod feeling lhe mentbers ofthe.~pij
xpressedl their grniticfientij.* .
OourzoNm IIAaan-r Is enlm d"'t&'f6.t
eo new Mmnistry. -nt
It is said to be'doubtful whetherdThmi a
aill accept efice under the new adoani
Thie new Presidents has sent hi *
IAPoLEoX DlONAPARTE,.to vlfOo ~
announce his election as 'Presdn al't~
'rench Republic. J
The following-is' the subakio~ ~s~
[Aror.EoN's Inaugural $eech::-4tif
CrrnzENs AND IREPgUBE. Arf TI -tr
age of the Nation and the oathi 4 e hr~
ist taken, mark out to me my futur
act. I shall follow it as a inan O d ~ ,v
ardmng as enemies of our country.al~o
mill attempt to change ;by ihlg~
hat all France bas estalpl~hed
id me. . There can be no real d
ilnlon. Owiskhes and dehles i~
meo. I wish, like you, topac o
itrue basis-M.o attongthed~
itutions, and to alleviate ths
mnerous and intelhin n ~
veunme such asstri 'i r4
nqce. 'The miajoritX ao ba
ly penetrshes no' t t
we to the new gvwerapenlbanci
theat which thiere is 1 atiy.-1I1
ace and order, oMrc~~f~ ~lVf
*e..can enre ~ it h4.hl 1
it have beenmlald and 9ar~d~T.
msions. Animirte.by 'en@.3
acillation, I shall~nl carOizat
1 patriotic men, who~Ilept'o( ~
political opinion, aeradto
veit with yiu to the applctlno
tution, the Iitwiement rtif
wing into power, f.ow d'ieba
le to Its predecessors ~vhqun i
authority is handed oyer int~,
talar, Ige~ fit~ to
t ts condiims, beoe o~~
krao r, and that seuitimeit 4
h jt quality of a atatessu
Wr missiozt tof(alfit to d