Newspaper Page Text
Presidential election ensued. The De
mocrats nominated a candidate who a
vowed himself in-favor of nondnterven
tion in reference to the territories. On
the other hand, the Whigs put forward
a candidate who would natcommit him
self on the question of slavery in the
Territories. He was supported at the
South, on the ground that he was a
.slaveliolder, which was alleged to be a
sufficient guaranty to the South that he
w6uld veto the Wilmot Proviso; while
at the North he was supported on the
ground that he would not veto the Pro
viso, because he had pledged himself
against the use of the veto power; and
moreover, as asserted by Abbott Law
rence and Truman Smith,. had written
private letters assuring them that lie
would not veto that uicasure if it should
pass Congress. Thus was a delilberate
fraud perpetrated upon either the North
or the South, and perpetrated, too,
through the agency of a Southern Whig
slaveholder, and countenanced by
Southern Whigs. And this base game
of treachery and double dealing is still
on. Gen. TIylor has not yet made
known the course vhich he will pursue
in the event of the passage of the Wil.
mot Proviso. His personal organ in
this city, the Republic, refuses to an
swer questions put to it with a view to
ascertain what course. Gen. Taylor
designs to pursue in relation to this agi
tating question. And to this day it is
not known whether or not Gen Tavlor
will approve the Wilinot Proviso-lie
and his followers hoping to extricate
themselves from the infamous fraud and
deception which they have practised
upon the country by the accidents of
the next twelve months, which they
hope may introduce Califiiia as a sov.
ereign State in the Uinion, and thus
prevent the exposure of their shamlef
Inachinations connected with the Chief
Magistracy of this great and proud Re
But even this is not all. Southern
Whigs aided in nominating and electing
Millard Fillmore to the office of Vice
President, who is an avowed Abol t'on's ,
and is in favor not only of the Wilmot
Proviso, but of the abolition of slavery
in the District of Columbia, and of the
interdiction of the slave trade between
the States. This is another undeniable
and damning fact, going to show the
treachery of Southern Whigs to South
era interests. Many more might be
named, such as the election by Southern
votes of Robert C. Winthrop, a North
ern Whig Abolitionist, to the Speaker's
chair, and the appointment by Gen.
Taylor of Messrs. Ewing and Collaier
.to his Cabinet, two well known Aboli
tionists and Wilmot Proviso men-the
letter voting for every Abolitionist pro
position while he was in Cngrcss, even
Gott's resolution to abolish slavery in
this District; and the removal by Geni.
Taylor of Northern Democrats who
have constantly and uniformly, in Con.
.gress and out of it, voted for and sup
ported the interests of the South.
Such are the facts which in our minds
conclusively convict Southern Whmigs
of treachery to Southern interests.
They cannot be denied because thev
stand out in bold reliefunpon the record~s
of Congress and the country. Nothiw,
bat the most reckless mendacity will
v'enture to deny that tent, nay six years
ago, the great body of the Northierni
Democrats stoodi firumly and fauithifully
by the interests and rights of thme South
while the Whtigs of the North wer~e then
and have ever since i~een, the enemies
of the South. None will deny that
from that time until the present, South
era WVhigs have been in political alliance
with Northern Whigs in hutiing diown*
and destroying Northern Democrats,
who are the true friends of the South.
Is it strange, then, that Northern Ije
mocrats should become disheartened,
and in the end disgusted with the blaelk
ingratitude and treachery on the part of
the Whigs of the South, and should
change their course, and in self-defene
take the same ground upon the s ubject
of slavery which Northern WVhigrs have
alwaiys taken, without incurringr the
censure of-their allies of the South?
We are not surpi ised that such has beeni
the result. although we are deeply
grievedl that Southernm inter-ests should
be betrayed by Southern men, and
Southernt rights struck down, by South
ern hands. Now, what is the remied v?
It is for the people of the &uth to hold
Southern Whigs responsible for this
criminal betrayal of bumherun interests.
Let the traitors to Southern initerests lie
called to account for the treason, which
they have committed, by the pieople of
tfro South, whom they hav'e deceiued,
cajoled, and at last betrayed. Let the
Whig leaders of the South be summon
ed to the bar of the peop~le to answer
for their treachery to the interests of
the South. In this wvay can justice be
Sdicated and the righ ts of the South
~srved. In this way can the unna
tural and revolting alliance between
the Whig loaders of the South and the
Abolition Whigs of the North be broken
up, and Southern rights vindicated and
esatained.. And then the South can,
'wit.the utmost confidence, again claim
the friendshin and sunport of Northern
Democrats.NAt the approaching elec- r
tions for Congress in the Southern
States, let their patriotic and, ighten
8d people recollect these facts, a d dis
oard the traitors from the public coun
From the IV. Y. T imes andl Messenger, July
LIBERTY AND EQUALITY.
These are high-sounding words, but words
only in sonic parts of the world. In France
they iean the right of the minority to gov
ern-the right to claim any man's property
lhe right to v:olate the constitution, and the
right to establish a monarchy un ler the name
of a republic. A ny meaning may be attached to
those words in diflerent parts of the world. In
tie United States they ican annoying one
ses t-on ot the Union against another, and ex
cat g a tictitious sympathy in favor of negro
emia.nicipation to cover political objects of di
vison The "liberty party," so called, of
wh~ch Gerrit Smith is the leader, recently
held a state convention at Syracuse, and
among the resolutions adopted we find the
Resolved, That instead of sending Bibles
among the slaves, we had inlinitely better
adopt the suggestion of the inemorabte hber
ty party ailrress to the slaves, arid supply
them with pocket compasses; and, moreover,
11 individual or private self-delence lie ever
justifiable, and on their part ever expedient,
with pocket pistols also-to the end that, by
such helps, they may reach a land where the
caln both own a Bible and learn to read it.
The pistol im for the slave to shout his mas
ter, ano the compass to guide the f ugitive to a
p'ace where he can be sale against the provis
ions of t he const itution.
Then ihe ",ree soilers," another body of po.
llical experimenalhsts, propose a union of
the democracy, based upon a recognition of
the abolition doctrine. Now and then at edi
tor, filled to the brin with patriotism and hu
nianity, utters a lorg homify in favor of our
"glruiois Union," which is in danger from
southern nulifiers, though probably that edi
tor is a lineal descendant froni the Ilartiord
coniventwnmsts or Essex junta mien; and, to cap
the climax, there is Old Bullion running
about the country, crazy to be elected again
to the Senate, and preaching in favor of the
Wilnot proviso to one batch of politicians, and
turning it into ridicule to gratify another
class. Here is a beautiful picture of our
country for the ti ue friends of iberty to coil
tetnplate aiid dwell upon when the model re
public is referred to. The unhappy south
which has had slavery fastened upon it by
northern importations from Africa, and north
ern cupidity in cartying; on the traflic-goaded
almost to madness, first by the machinations
and intrigues of England, then by northern
fanatics, and now by unprincipled p:oliticians,
oil this very slave question, says-"Let us
alone. If slavery is an evil, it falls upon us,
not on you. We are the only true friends of
emancipation, for willingly would we get rid
of our slave: if it could be done with safety;
but we will not allow our rights-secured by
the compromises of the confederation-to be
violated. Our attachment to the Union is ar
dent and sincere-our liberties were ceinen
ted by the blood and patriotism of our revolu
tionary fathers; but we cannot be imade slaves
in the country which we assisted to make
free, we cannot remain as states in the Union,
to be trampled upon by other states in the
confederacy." "Do you hear the nullifiers!"
says Old Bullion; "they threaten!" "Mark
the traitors!" say the abolitionists; the% threa
ten to dissolve our glorqus Union." , "Let's
unite," say the free soilers, "in preventing
the extension of slavery"-mcaning to unite
against the political powver of the south. Eng
landi quietly looks on and says to herself
"The model reputblic is caving in. Old Lord
Chiutataii was ill error in supposing that moen
could govern uinder the largest liberty. Th'le
chain will yet snap, Washijngton and Jeller
son's theory wtas beautiful on papler, but 'it
never can survive a single century. Theli
New England states, wich originated the
rebellion against England will return to hecr
original loyalty, and we will reduce the south
to submission and lay waste her cotton fields
anid rising factories. They must look to us
tor supphles hereafter.' So that fromt abroad
as well as at homie, from foreign gold anid cor
rulpt politicians in thne land--the country of
WVashiiigion, Jefferson, and of P'atrick Henry
-the Moultries, l'ink~neys and Marions-the
I~OW ndes, Cal hounos, Crawfords, M acons and
M:iguiis, is to he driven ofY fron the re
liubble of their own forination, in part, by the
oplen violat10it of thne federative coimnpaic, un..
dter the lictitious pretence of being friendly to
Th'le worst feature in the wvhole of this
miovemnent consists mn thne deception practiced
upoti the people. Politicians w~ho were in..
debted to the sothi for thirty y'ears of office,
and w~ho were adways devtoted followvers of
the slave states,hlaviing obtained all that could
be hiad of power, are now trying whait capital
is to be miade biy taking sides angansat lie
south; andl the people, honestly oppose~d to 1ho
extension of slavery, are excited on the sub
ject by the false and imalicious appeal of lea
ders. 'The north is gradually and perceptibly
confederating agamist thne south on this qlues.
tion, and while tney' play oit this evident card
of distumoni, they charge the south with dis
unliiam projects a they hold a meeting in de
lence ot t heir rights.
'lhings are assumiing a serious aspect on
is qtuestion Vargium is tinited to a moan;
NorthI Carolina, a qjuiet state, bein~is to be
mioved on this quest ionu; South Carolitia has
but a single voice; Georgia will not seperate
romj thle sou thI; andl when all honorable efyorts
arme exha usted to save thle Uniion, t he tiurth
will a wake to its danulger, and thne biow, though
late, wtill fall hieavi ly on the conspirators.
There is however, in the yeomianry of' the
niorthn, no disoosition to cotuntetnanice these
fanatical attac ks on the soth. T1hey have
yet to move on the subject, and wheni they
raise their arm against these coimbiined aboli
tion andt free soil imovemenits,
"Tferrible wvill it fall on crushed rebellioin."
Ptcsttc Wouiis 0or PEYxsyvta
IFiomi a cotmparative statemenit of receipts
of ennal and railroad tolls on Iho State
WVorks this y'ear and( Itast, it appears that
he aggregate aimomnt of' tolls collected to
lhe 1st July, 1818 was $734,001 52, and
ip the 1st .1 uly, 18409, they amounted to
li789,370 '19. showing ain incease in the
resent year, over the last, of $65,368 00.
Last year thme gross amotunt receivedl to
lie 1st of Decemnber, was $1,553, 344. If
lie receipts of the remaining part of theI
iresenit years wvould only equal those of I
at yea r, the gross amount of the year I
will be 81.618, 712 00,
fHI SU1TER BANNER:
Sumnterville,. 0. C.
WEDNESDAY, JULY 25, 1849.
SNoal), Jun., .fbitor,
VlRev. FREDERCx Rusn, is a travelling
%gent for this paper, and is authorized to re.
:eive subscriptions and receipt for the same.
AGENTS FOR THE BANNER.
%Iessrs. WHITE, & Co. Sunterville, S. C.
T. W. PEGnUEs, Esq., Camden, S. C.
0- All communications intended for the
BAsrit. must be directed Post Paid to the
Charleston.-Prices from 7 3-4 tc
10 cents per pound.
Track washed Away.
300 yards of the track of the S. C,
Rail Road a few miles below Columbia
was washed away on Monday, prevent.
ing all communication per Rail Road
O:r The transactions of the meeting al
Piedmont Church should be read by every
man. not that they differ in principle from
those already published, but because they
exhibit the universal unanimity of opinion ex.
isting throughout the whole State. The
Report is a clear and manly statement of the
position of the Union, the South in particu.
lar, and the peculiar independent spirit breath.
ing throughout the whole document is wel
worthy of imitation. Read it-.ponder ovei
it-weigh it well in your mind-it needs n
Whio has Betrayed the Soxith.
A very able leading article from the Wash.
ington Union of the 8th inst. will be founi
in another column, which peculiarly com.
mends itself to the consideration of the South
and at this crisis, should be read and circula.
ted far and wide. It charges the betrayal oJ
the South on Southern whigs, and establish.
es the charge beyond the possibility of doub
or denial. A great change, the Union con.
tends, has taken place in the free-states, rel.
ative to the political action of those states
lunong the masses on the subject of slavery
and abolition, once in a contemptible minorit
and treated with insignificance and neglect
is now assuming a most formidable appear,
ance, and united action, not only out but it
Congress. The South, which in Congress,
could sustain its constitutional rights and
present an unbroken front in the councils o
Lhe nation, now finds enlisted against her th<
ald, firm Democratic friends which were al.
ways found at her side, and through the fidel,
ity of those firm friends, the approach of po.
litical fanaticism had always been arrested.
'The Union contends, that it is only attributa.
[ble to our course, tiz: "the alliance of S'outh.
:rn whtigs wcith NVorthern whligs., fur wh ic)
he whtig leaders of the h'ouh are u/one respon.
sible;" and the charge is sustained by a maul,
titude of facts and votes in Congress, leav in'
niot a loop to hang a doubt upon; Southerm
whigs, exulted with Northern whtigs, upot
every victory obtained over the South ii
Congress, and even C.AvToNS comlpromisc
bill, which every Northern whig voted agains
which Northern Democrats voted for, was de.
reated by theo votes of eight Soutliern wvhigs,
including Stephens of Georgia and P'endle.
ton of Virginia. The Union has hit the right
ntail on the head; it is what we have Ion1
known and often said:--the South has beet
betrayed by Southern whigs, and the South
by its balancc-of-powcr vote, has assisted tt
elect a President who has renmoved evers
friend of the South fronm office. We musi
be true to ourselves, or our friends w~ill not
be true to us:--our reform should cammence
at home, and every true friend of the South
should buckle on his armor, repair to the
olls at the ensuing elections, and warn the
tteople against. electing enemics to Congress
i the gnl ise of friends. This alone is our
*hid and political guide. W~hen Southern
whigs are defeated in their elections, thec
North will know where to find us.
FATHnER MATTHIEw.-The advent of tizi
vorthy disciple of T1emperaince in New Y'ork
tas been quite a triumph to the cause. Hec
tas bteen received with open arms by all clas.
1es, and has mildly and wvith good sense and
Jiscretion so managed and conducted haimself
is to miake friends for himiself anid proslytes
'or thme cause in every' direction. It is credit.
tible to the piriniciples of the pleI, aitd thec
sober secontd thought of many, that they
tave so warmly weclcomed this worthy Mis.
ionary who hats so long labored for the good
fthle great famtily of mnankind. The 'tmni
~ipal authtorities of the twin sisters New~
~ork antd Brooklyn have ntobly endorsed the
~reat and good miission of the worthy F~athter.
Ic has comtamenced adutinistering the piledge
mud over 2000 had in one day eimbraced it.
THm EmsG OF THlE RAIN-KIxG.--The ad.
tent of F~ather Matthew, and~ the prevalence
f the rainy seasonm seemt to b~e the ontly topics
if conversation and th'e ONE beintg so nearly
dentified with the other, they are menttiontel
is ifin co-ptartnershuip. We have everythiung
o dIread from thtis wveather-sickness and
oss of crop--for since our last issue weo have
ad a successioni of rainy, imurkey days. TIhiat
his weather is the herald of tihe plague, chol..
-ra, cannot he doubted, bttt, we have every
>elef that the District may pass unscathed
itt for fevers, wve can give not the slightest
wig of hope, trutsting however, they may be
co "great shakes." ..
- UiuIPa'u R.aepy.
r his, we trust every men
wil h1d1tnihs6 f.tate ha read
the- . terl , 1 Mir. OA4geUi
agai ev ; at.sof tile asail of.
Iiie dri The ciAlm, p. hel.
ing an. i ni IAtingivepong; hist&f nd
truth, which are used throughout the let.
ter crush, beyond. hope- 6f restoration;
the assertions and mad theories of Benton,
and, qltho, theforce of FOOT is wanting,
yet, the 'whole tenor is quiet and imper.
sonal, being diredted usore towards the
ienator tha'n the man. Copious indeed
were Gen. Foote's authorities, but still
more so are hi, Calhoun's, evincing the
immense research and labor attending
the publication of a letter fully equal to
take a position at the side of hi* Southern
Address. Mr. Calhoun's reply'Is of some
length-so great a length thdt it is with
regret we are unable to publish it entire,
for such an important appeal looses weight
on the public mind dosed out in weekly in.
stalments. As we cannot publish all,
we have endeavored to render a correct
synopsis, as follows.
Mr. C. states in the commencement
his entire indifference to any of Mr. Ben.
ton personal attacks, as he has long re
garded him in a difTerent light than that
with which Mr. B. has regarded him, in
conceiving Mr. C. is continually engaged
in some scheme to put him down, whereas
ie never for a moment thought of raising
him to the level of a competitor; but his
attack was a blow aimed equally at him
self and the Southern people, to aid his
abolition friends and paralize the efforts
of those true to the cause he has abandon.
ed, such is the reason of his reply. Mr.
C. quotes his resolutions df 19th Februa
ry 1847, against which Benton opened
his battery by charging that they were
introduced for the purpose of disunion,
and in a few paragraphs lie completely
refutes the charge, proving them to refer
only to the assertion of fundamental pro
positions which have not and cannot
be denied. The assumptions of Mr.
Benton that such was the motive, that
they are the prototype of the Missouri re
solutions, that the difference between them
is only the disunion aim of Air. C's reso
lutions, that they are identical with the
Accommac resolutions, and Mr. B's.
own opposition to the only compromise,
(M r. Clnyton's Bill) that had any chance
ofpassing Congress, are commented upon
with severity. His still more frivolous
and audacious assumption that Mr. Cal.
houn was the author of the Proviso, and
its identity with the Missouri compromise
are as easily set aside and proved an..
founded. AMr. Benton's charge that M r.
C. while a member of Mr. MUNROE's Cabj.
inet adJmitted the conastitutionalitv of the
compromise, is also falsifieud, M r. C. shows
thle uatter uin.-eiability of Mr. Ilentona's
proofs. Mr. C recapitulates the action of
Conigress, and his own and Mr. B's course
respectively on the difTerent questions that
have arisen in Congress involving the
rights of the slaveholding states, their rcs.
petive positions on the Floridat treaty and
Texas annexation and the Indian claims
and settlements. The Comnet, Ecomium,
Enterprise and Creole cases are also ex
plainecd and Mr. Benton's assertions dis
proveda by facts on record. A fler dispo.
sing of Mr. Denton's fallacies, he then
assails himt in his position of renegade In
a style evincing the most conlsummate abil.
ity, and proves that his alliance is worth
as little as his opposition.
In conclusion Mr. Calhoun exposes the
quasi pat riotisml of those plretended lov.
ers of the Union who are now endeavor.
i ng to prevent the consolidation of the
South for Soutl.ern rights, lHe says in
reference to the attacks on the South,
that "the South has been on the defensive
throughout, and borne indignities and en.
croachments on its rights and safety with
a patience unlexampjled, and yet she is
charged with disunion, and the North
lauded as its advocate. WVe must learn
to disregard such unfotunded and unjust
charges, and manfully do our duty, to
save both the Union and ourselves, if it
can he done consistently with our equali
ty and our safety; and it not, to save our.
selves at all events. In doing so we
should but follow the example of our
WVashiington in the great struggle, which
severed tile union between the colonies and
the mnother country.'' A pregnant illus
tration which wye trust will benefit both
friends anld foes.
Wn are conscious that wve have not done
any thing likcejustice to this important doc
umlent in our brief abstract, and we would
urge every man to study well the re
nmarks of a champion, the world might be
iT Mr. Reyburn, Mr. WVyckoff, Mr. Og
den and Dr. Brainard, eminent citizens of N.
York, have fallen victims to thte prevailng ep
de6 ongrss of Vienna in 1815 Rus
sia, with the ption of her troubles "-it
flan e comparatively uiet, ma
k nal improvements and building rail
hEBlack sea to make the conques
of i' ai more certain. Butitssia 41
her-alliance with Austria, and wir 'with Hun
gary, is about to play a new part and plap
herself in the same position in Europe tha
France did under Napoleon, If Hungary I
put down the next movement will be on th
Germanic Union, the war between Russi
and Denmark, the pacification of Italy anc
finally, an interference with France and he
republic. Can Russia play such a card witl
her Cossack power? We are perfectly awar
sie cannot and her strength, although gi,
gantic, is as much required to keep he owi
dominions quiet as it would be to regulate th4
affairs of Europe. Russia in Europe posses
ses a surface of 90,117 square miles, with i
population of 54,000,000 of souls. Poland ii
2,320 square miles with 4,850,000 popula
tion, and the Grand Duchy of Finland 6,84
square mi!es and 1, 547,702 inhabitants.
From her gold mines in 1840 she obtaineq
1,677poods of gold, (a pood is 40 lbs,) ani
1,190poods of silver, her national debt ii
about 200,000,000 of dollars, besides a float
ing debt of paper assignats of 100,000,00(
more and she is now taking up additiona
loans for the war. Russia in defending he
territories is by numerical force and climatA
the most powerful nation on earth, but whet
she crosses her territories to become the at
tacking power, and spread herself over tbf
surface of Europe, she will become thi
weakest. Russia has not more than 500,00(
men in arms, considered efficient, well dis
oiplined and experienced, her soldiers an
obedient hardy and brave, but more brave ir
defending Russia than in attacking foraigi
p.wers. Hi wing mapped out a considerabk
plan of operations in Europe we shall se(
whether the decendents of Peter the Grea
and Catharine are able to sustain their ancien
name and prowess.
The Roinan Republic.
Great sympathy is every where fel
and expressed throughout this country fo
the brave Romans, together with the de
testation ofthe treachery exhibited toward
then by the pretended French Republic
The men who have been elected to sus
tain the Republic of Rome have taker
all their measures wisely ; all their doc
uments breathe a mild and pure love o
Liberty. They only desire a representa
tive government, they have never interfer
ed with the ecclesiastical rights of thi
Pope, and they have defended the eterna
city with a bravery which every wher(
excites admiration. We cannot expec
that they can save the city from the at
tacksof a large French army, backed b)
the Austrians and Neopolitans-the lat
est foreign intelligence states that the ar
my have affected a lodgment within it:
walls. The Pope may yet be restorer
to theVatican, but it will be effected
over the prostrate J~dies of his people, bu
he cannot remain an hour in safety un
les's supported by foreign bayonets and h<
will be compelled to yield many points ti
the people. The French governmen
having betrayed Italy, arid free.goverri
menits every wvhere, has only to consu
mate its treachery by reviving monarch:
anid repealing its constitution. It ha
been observed of late that no mention i
mrade of the United States, its institutions
laws and republican government, our ex
amlel is niot quoted. England, it is said
approves all that France has done, bu
the English deny that they sanction o:
approve the attacks on Rome. None bu
despots approve of such measures. The
prospects for free and liberal principle
in Europe are but gloomy, but the peopli
have left their mark and under an)
change their condition must be bettered.
ANNExATrON OF CANADA.-Gen. Scot
has wvritten a letter in favor of annexing
Canada to the United States, providedi
can be done by and with the consent o
Great Britain, and instances the naviga
lion of the St. Lawrence as one of thi
benefits. Cannot wve keep these Military
candidates for the Presidency within thn
strict line of their duty to the public sers
vice ? We have rno right to interfere ii
this family quarrel betwveen Great Brit
aini and one of her colonies, nor do wem
cotirt a war with any power to make po
litical capital for any aspirant for the nex
Presidency. How violent all these Wii
gentlemen weore at the annexation of'Tex
as, arid yet how willing they are thrat Un
cde Sam should take Canada under hi~
fostering wving !
POPULAR MUsJc for the last fifteen dayr
-"I'm afioat,-Thre days of Noah,-Wher
the Rain-drop glistens,-Merry may th<
Boat row,-A life on the Ocean Wave-Trhc
Bonnie boat-The Sea-Merrily over the
water,-etc etc-Keeping up with the dilu.
vian spirit of the times.
DESTRUCTIVE FIRrE.-The city of Maucl:
Chunk, Pa, wvas nearly destroyed by fire or
the 15th inst, #150,000 worth of property
LLrmOgW V,-JULY, 10th 1849.
- ; i ie ocerured in this
i ood s ce of which I
thtpbish *:advised. There
-an Aboition agen disemination of
t Icenditry pubiica i ether -a local or
. Tlie ta U 11ese: on Sunday even. '
ing lost after an absence of jo days and
D nights I returned home-andI4 ha
t my wife a suspiciouslooki id ich
I came very nearly comypitting to es
without breaking the al, but u ri
found it had been forwarded tg.
' Mr. Windham by Mr. Elia B , a
,gentleman whom I knew hi:1i07 being
r made an instrument or vehie , i4.
veyance ofay scurrilous or di re. I
opened it, and found a pritbted do Itientever
3 the signature of "A True Carolinian" which
proposes a deliberate scheme of abolishibg -
slavery in South Carolina and openly aWws
its purpose to be "Inade up an mane in tii
State Elections" onthat grounds 4arly the
next (Monday) morning Irode down to Mr.
Spencers and obtained from him' theifollow.
ing statement as to where this docitnent
emanated. Hesays "early on theMorniWg
of the 4th instant I came to my sto door
and found in my piazza a letter addriised to
- Capt. J. D. Ashmore, Middle Salem,BSmter
District," which struck me immediately as a
suspicious matter. On Friday foll6wmg I
sent the same to Capt. A-on Mondayniorn
ing he came to my house with the same let.
ter and showed it to me containing an Aboli.
tion document signed "A True --Carolinian,'
I know not how the said paper canie in.-the
Piazza of my store. It was not therd late the
evening before, and was placed -there- during
and under cover of the. nght'_I;saF neitber
the evening before nor that .morning any
stranger passing nor neither do I remember
any person being at my store who cotAdpos
sibly have designedly dropped such a docu
ment." . -..
I have been thus particular Mr. Ediotor iii
detailing the facts that our citizens may be
aware that there is an incendiary ant in our
midst. The mail was not resor to in this
i instance but the document was deposited by
hand under the shades of night in the house
or piazza of one of my neighbours. If this
be a travelling agent as I am very much dis
posed to doubt, as no trace can be hadof any
stranger passing through our neighb6dihood
this publication may place other citixens on
their guard and may lead to detection., Rev.
Thomas . English, informed me that. he had
a few days since received the same document,
but I think he said his came through the
mail, as already stated the mail was not'used
in my case which proves the fact at once that
the agent is or has been amongst us. You
are at liberty to use this as you may deem
will best suit the public interest.
Veiry Respectfully Yours.
J. D. ASHMORE.
ANoTEa FLORIDA Waa.-The Semi
noles have again become hostile, committing
depredations on Indian River South Florida.
They made an attack, in the early part of last
week, on the settlements on Indian River,
in St. Lucie county, and commenced plun
dering the houses and firing on the settlers.
The Indians, were in considerable numbers,
so much so that defence by the whites was
entirely impossible. One person, a Mr. Ba
ker, was killed and horrible mutilated. Ma
jor Win. F. Russell, Deputy Collector, at
Indian River, was shot in the arm. I
.family, it is feared, have fallen into the htinds
of the Indiana they have since been 'mis
sing. A numb r of other persons, mostliy fe
males, are also missing.
The settlers wvere obliged to leave -their
places and take to the river, and comup.
coast outside. Some twecnty men, women
and children at St. Augustine, and report oth
> era oni their way. Nothing but their ex
t termination, will ever rendered )lorida~a
GP.ORGIA.-GOV. Towns was unani..
mously nominated for re.election by~ the
Democratic Convention which assembled
COL. JACK HTavs.--There is a para.
graph going the rounds of the Northei
papers, announcing the death at San.
tonio, on the 1st ult, of the Trexan hero,
wvho is stated to have fallen a victim to
cholera. It is entirely unfounded.
-N. 0. Picayune, July 4.
The efforts of Father Mathew in
Brooklyn have been blessed with greM
sucCess. The following are the num
bers enrolled by him in the vanguard of
Sobriety: On Thursday, 1,000; Frday
1,250; Saturday, 1,100; Sunday, "2,
700; Monday, 1,500--making a total
Another Cotton Factory.--We learn
from the Atlanta Intelligencer, that a
company has been organized at Greerns
boro' under the name of "The Greens
boro' Manufacturing Company,'" with a
capital of $60,000--$48,000 has re-.
solved to take uip the remaining $12
000, themselves, if not taken by oth rm,
They are about to erect a cotton fadti~
to be worked by steam."
CHOLERA SPECIFIC--IMPOUTANT CON
REcTION.-A ge.nleman residing iri Ken,
tucky wvrites to us as follows conoedrring
a Recipe for Cholera which lately ap
peared in our colurm
DEAR SIRS: I observe in the Intelhie.
cer of'June 29, a "cure for cholera," vis.
Spta camphor each 2 ounces.
TicueCayenne Pepper 2 drachms,
Tincture Ginger 1 once.
Essence Peppermint 2 ounces&.
Hloffma n's Anodyne 2 oun * s
Mix all together; dose, table spoo it
for an adult.
This is a good prescription, buti wna
a sad omission not to metion it was all
to be put into m. quart of Prenchi Br'andy.
This would give about twenty dros o[,