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'de I'le C
PPSiuential eP0 pe
udonmt rcieru' I te
vows no en
aO.andi&to oLu iu
elf. the qu
Territories. - f
'$buth, on th da
I1Vyehold: a10*ed tole a
suffie'e gu AhSoth that he
wid th4W o roviso; while
~o i~thh would ipot veto the Pro4
y esilus e ea himo
69 19 i he use of the veto poyer; and
inyeoveas asserted by Abbott Law
ce andIruman SmitIthad written
rae iiters auring them that.'
w .uin eto that measure ifit should
ngress. "thus was a delilerate
petrateaupon either the North
r the South, and prpetrated, too,
roughthe agenoy of a. Southern Whig
ho1der, and countenanced by
8outhern Whigs. And this base game
of tiea6hery and double dealing is still
V. GOn. ilylor has: .not yet made
known the course which he will pursue
#.the event of the passage of the Wil.
*,pot Proviso.. His porsonal organ in
this city, the Republic, refuses to an
..awer questiqns put to it with a view to
ascertain what course. Gen. Taylor
designs-to pursue in relation'to this agi
tating question. And to this day it is
ot known whether or not Gen Taylor
ill approve the Wihnot Proviso-he
ifid his followvers hoping to extricate
themselves from the infamous fraud and
e4dcepti^on which they have practised
upon the country by the .accidents of
the, next twelve months, which they
hopf may -introduce California as a sov.
ereign .State in the Union, and thus
Preventthe exposure of their shameful
,ciiations connected with the Chief
.a 'istracy of this great and proud Re.
But even this is not all. Southern
Whigs aided in nominating and electing
Millard Fillmore to the office of Vice
-President, who is an avowed AboLt'onist,
and isin favor not only of the Wilmot
.oviso, but of the abolition of slavery
in the District of Columbia, and of the
interdiction of the slave trade between
the States. This is another undeniable
anddamning fact, going to show the
treachery of Southern Whigs to South
em intereste.- Many more might be
named, such as the election by Southern
votes ofRobert C. Winthrop, a North.
-ern Whig Abolitionist, to the Speaker's
-chair, and the appointment by Gen.
Taylor of Messrs. Ewing and CoUlmer
to his. Cabinet, two well known Aboli
tionists and Wilmot Proviso men--the
latter voting for every Abolitionist pro.
position while he was in COngress, even
.Gott's resolution to abolish slavery ir.
this District; and the removal by Gen.
Taylor of Northern Democrats who
* have constantly and uniformly, in Con
,gress and out of it, voted for and sup.
ported the interests of the South.
Such are the facts which in our minds
conclusively convict Southern Whigs
of treachery to Southern interests.
They cannot be denied because they
stand out in bold relief upon the record's
of Congress and the country. Nothing
but the most reckless mendacity will
venture to deny that ten, nay six years
ago, the great body of the Northern
Democrats stood firmly and faithfully
4;y the interests and rights of the South,
while the Whigs of the iNorthi were (lhen
and have ever since been, the enemies
of the South: None will deny that
from that time until the present, South
ern Whigs have been in political alliance
with Northern Whigs in hunting down
and destroying Northern Democrats,
wvho are the true friends of the South.
Is it strange, then, that Northern De
mocrats should become disheartened,
aind in the end disgusted with the black
ingratitude and treachery on the part of
the, Whigs of the South, and should
change their course, and in self-defene
take the samne ground upon the subject
of slavery which Northern Whigs have
always taken, without incurring the
censure of-their allies of the South?
We are not surprised that such has been
the. result, ulthough we are deeply
grieved that Southern interests should
be betrayed by Southern mten, and
Southern rights struck down by South
ern hands. Now, what is the remedy?
It is for the people of the South to hold
Southerni Whigs responsible for this
rminal betrayal of Southern interests.
Letb the traitors to Southern interests he
called to account for the treason, which
'have commnitted, by the people of
* outh, wifom they have deceived,
cajoled, andatlast betrayed. Let the
Whig leaderssof the South be summon
o dt thar of the people to answer
f~~rtieacheryyto the interests of
~I this way can justice be
*andthe rights of the Soieth
. n this way can the unna
reygltina, alliance ~ between
ldaders of the South and the
A ~p, higsaof the North be broken
up didouthern'rights vindicated and
S * ~jjd thien the*South can,
d~ onfidencee, again claiin
p1'i port of Northern
7 . 71X _1
iaBERTY.AD EUAI#T.Y -
These'arehigh-undig wrk, but words
only in some parts.of th world. In rance
they mean the right of the minority to 'gov
ern--the tight-toalain any mansproperty
iuhe right.to violate the* constitution, and the
right-toestablish-a-tnnirehy uil1er'th6 namo
of repub ic. Any meaning may be attached to
those words in different parts of the world In
the United Statestthey .mean; annoying, one
section of the Union against another,.and ea
citing's ictitious sytiipathy in' favor: 6f.negro
emanaicipatibn to cover-political' objects of di
vision. The -liberty :party," so called,- of
which Gerrit Smith . is- the leader, recenty
-held a state conventiori'at Syracuse, and
among the resolutions adopted' we find - the
following: . -:
Rtesolved, That instead of sending Bibles
among th slaves, we had infinitefy bettor
adopt the suggestion of the memorable liber
typarty.addras to the slaves, and supply
them with pocket compasses; and, moreovni-,
if individual-or private self-defence be ever
justifiable, and on their part ever expedient,
with pocket pistols alo-to the-end that, by
such helps, they may reach a land where the
can both own a Bible and learn to read it.'
The pistol is for the slave to 'shoot his mas
ter, and the compass to guide the fugitive to a
place where he can be safe against the provis
ions of the constitution.
Then the "jree soilers," another body of po
litical experimentalists, propose a union of
the democracy, based upon a recoguitiori of
the abolition doctrine. Now and then atedi
tor, filled to the brim with patriotism and hu
manity, utters a long homily in favor of our
"glorious Union," which is in danger from
southern nullifiers, though probably that edi
tor is a lineal descendant from the Hartford
conventionists or Essexjunta men; and, to cap
the climax, there is Old Bullion running
about the country, crazy to be elected again
to the Senate, and preaching in favor ot the
Wilmot proviso to one batch of politicians, and
turning it into ridicule to gratify another
classi Here is a' beautiful picture of our
country for the true friends of liberty to 'con
template and dwell upon when the model re
public is referred to. The unhappy south
which has had slavery fastened, upon it by
northern importations from Africa, and north
ern cupidity in carrying; on thle traffic-goaded
almost to madness, first by the michinations
and intrigues of England, then by northern
fanatics, and now by unprincipled politicians,
on this very slave question, says-"Let us
alone. If slavery is an evil, it falls upon us,
not on you. We are the only true friends of
emancipation, for willingly would w6 get rid
of our slave: if it could be done witi safety;
but we will not allow our rights-secured by
the compromises of the confederation-to be
violated. Our attachment to the Union is ar
dent and sincere-our liberties were cemen
ted by the blood and patriotism of our revolu
tionary' fathers; but we cannot be made slaves
in the country which we assisted to make
free, we cannot remain as states in the Union,
to be trampled upon by other states in the
confederacy." "Do you hear the nullifiers?"
says Old Bullion; "they threaten!" "Mark
the traitorsi" say the abolitionists; they threa
ten to dissolve our glorius Union." "Let's
unite," say the free soilers, "in preventing
the extension of slavery"--meaning to unite
against the political power of the south. Eng
land quietly looks on and says to herself
"The model republic is caving in. Old Lord
Chatham was in error in supposing that men
could govern under the largest liberty. The
chain will yet snap, Washington and[ Jefrei
son's theory was beautiful on paper, but it
never can survive a single century. The
New England states, which originated the
rebellion against England will return to h r
original loyalty, and we will reduce the south
to submission and lay waste her cotton fields
and rising~ factories. They must look toius
for supplies hereafter.' So that from abroad
as well as at home, trom foreign gold and cr
rul-t politicians in the land-nihe country of
Washington, Jefferson, and of Patrick Henry
-the Moultries, Pinkneys and afarlons-the
Lowndes, Calhouns, Crawvfords, Macens and
Mangumns, is to be driven off frein the re.
public of their owvn formation in part, by the
open violation of the federative coiqpact, un
der the fictitious pretenceof being friendly to
The worst feature in the wvhole of this
movement consists in the deception practiced
upon the people. Politicians who wvere 'in
debted to the south for thirty years of office,
and who were always :devoted followers of
the slave states, having obtained all that could
be had of power, are now trying what capital
is to be made by taking sides against the
south; and the people, honestly opposed to the
extension of slavery, are excited on the sub
ject by the false and malicious appeal of lea
ders. The north is gradually and perceptibly
confederating against the south on this ques
tion, and while they play ouit this evident card
of disunion, they charge the south with dis
union projects if they hold a meeting in de
fence of their rights.
Things are assuming a serious aspect oni
this question Vargidtia is united to a man;
North Carolina, a quiet state, begins to be
moved on this question; South Carolina has
but a single voice; Georgia wvill not seperate
i romi the south; and when all honorable efforts
are exhausted to save the Union, the north
will an ake to its danger, and the blow, though
late, wvill fall heavily on the conspirators.
There is however, in thme yeomanry of the
north, no disposition to countenance these
fanatical attacks on the south. They have
yet to move on the subject, and when they
raise their arm against these combined aboli
tion and free soil movements,
"Trerrible will it fall on oruahed rebellion."
PUBtIC WORKS oP PENNSYLVANIA.
From a comparative statement of receipts
of canal and railroad tolls on the -State
Works this year and last, it appears that
the aggregate amount of tolls eolleoted to
the 1st July, 1848 wvas *734,001 '62, and.
up the 1st .July, 1849, they amounted to
$789,370 49. showing an inorease ini the
p resent year, over the last, of $65,368 902
Last year the gross amount received to'
the 1st of December, wvas $1,553, 844. If
the receipts of the remaining part of. tht.
p resent years would only equal thoss'o d
last year, the gross amount of ho yea~r
willbe @81, 712 90,
a nettoi Les i
Ta W d s. . . .. .
li t Pr o ns 1 p
present IT):t ey r p
exhib e tmrq unniit ofo 6 piioe
10 jt Q 4_
pitoyard s of nthe uth "in
was wahed wier inepndtprth,
ing througontnltho peundtoui~4
-with, Oolumbi%.-i. "Zl
rThe ftransaCtion' of thponentydy
Pid-ihit weiciliyril- i m ed
man, notnnt y,
those already publi ed bu eu t
exhibj- the nivdrsiW unanimity of opifd itex'
into Uhoufti the winoi tteif be
neporther cluan way hiTcrnii
positionof t iothegte Buth incoensiertatii
tar, and the car i endeendet sp~ribr T!
ing thouhoiiothrwh i a
Worthy of im ' eyond, the p i' i oivr
it-weigh~it' well i 'n youa uu-t'ed nb
Who has.Betrayed-Ifi,6o SouatU'4_
Aovery able lieidl irtiole fth * -W
among the Iii'n of th, stth
in another column, 'which.
mends itself to theconsiderati f 6ft t
and at this tsiis uld bn riqceI n Ia.
ted far and Wie at hain al o
the South iN outhernwhitoo,
esthe charge beyold the Vt of
or denin w findsWelis* h
old, iDengrain frie ri u, .
ative to the.polfitca nioq ofe ajio ofpo
among the nassonit the is
and abolition, once Ali~nc o
and treated wiiIi~Ojaean .
is nowas ing4hot 'orrn iga; forwhich
ance, and united acrgn inotonly a'inl
Congress. Thet hsduthopwig) Iu b'0te
Could eultdith otte w
presentin e roliar o in 'the ouh1l*
the nation, enr Nfitds'ehigtd ai.iot ait
ways found -,t htefside ' 'id-'b? ;"'fid
which ~ ~ ~ ," NotenDmcasv tor was del
iyofahoe frwnfriend.:the',apprcmnh',' po.
litical fanatichi ai'had 'ahas bienaigs,
The Uni on iaiith rigt
naiil onthe head Noshrnwhgsw f. hon
known lar of sadthe Siion rebeen
be;ad bthe'charge'igh aid'ticdb nul
bits aa'eof-poweran vote harss avingt
noet a lopeito ha sl remoed evutern
evryn 'vory -outainfrom ofice Wte uti
benress t urelves, or ofriends wilplniot
biewhc trevus:ortern ishogtiod aanymnc
fathed teverte fend ofte whkmsh
peleginecing so eorgias tod Pengre-s
tn th ieof riTenis lne is ouerih
khiewd and poftncagide.hn South been
betg arei d~efea wghirlin, adteSothe
byoits bawi k fno wh'roe, a sit toduu.
electEa Preside .Th hasdevet everyi
freofrthice Souhfremerance. inew murk
hbeent reves oit ourenriems w ll cnot
atee, and sverdy aref~nd god tens andt
dstonucl so iangs ardr repaducted hef
pos t ake'frenuigerecimoesf and prnslte
pfoplte cagain eveiecti.Itmies cnresst
abln the rincie of d.Thi aole and our
shield secnd pout gude Whn thatthen
hveso arl elcoedi thi elonthyeis
Nionhr who hano long taore find thegoo
Fthera amxiyofn.ankindven The thuis
wipal auhiscies of teiptwcin NisterYoNe
ses, and hasokmn havoly an ihgo enosedthe
disretin gob missirodnd oftedrh himself
Hhas onmnefrsdr' hdinsefind h poles
for the20 cau d in e dircton Itmbsaed it..
able toN prnipe o te popleno.-the -
soer eotogt of mahrateany thepalence
havte sorainy eoemted th worthy Moics
of thnereato failyh oNf iraing The muni
ipalin athte ofthe twiy strs mewe
Yoif nd rookly hae nobve edredthe
gto drad gom tisioeoftherthykes Fahdr
lo s cpornceour lstn thse pedgae
Ta usesion otriny, RANkey daysO Ta
vthofweatheri Mtthewrad the pvlenoce.
ofe ran hat on e Di 't as onytpc
of corversionanen o the igsightrly
itifie h, theuther th e thentioe
no drea frmhseahriknsan
R in hs
um D gb ee(y e
hiOt Ith n Fiip w 4hl
edsuchds y :Pi
03 dao siis 6O itis4 a tbrat
:~~g~ yQOgl 4that :theyswele
aragrap tcom te
1rft t helOharge. pro v~ngthem-tot .fbi
pos ton~sa ~wbih os veondt -and- cannot
e ~ddiedA'Ihei"sshmptioris' -of "Mi.
pq ae "h ta
the areheprototype of the Missouri re.
"ot tl he dl ifredde beten them
a dsunig aim of Mr. CAs reso
lution's,that they are.identical with the
niges onsnd Mr. 's.
AOmrnao rCs1Qions,An r.
9wr ppsition torithe only .compromise,
(Mr. Clahyton's Bill) that hadaihy chance
qpbidg Congress, are mmenteid upon
with severity. 'His still more frivolous
ud noIsub assumption'that Mi dal.
u-hmui . ofo thr a and
its Jdeilty with the Missouri compromise
n easilye s[o anil ,privedl n.
foun~ldq, Mr. Benton's charge that Mrs
C. while a member of Mr.'MUNtRoE's Cab
iiad(i~i ted the constitutionality of the
compromise, is also falsified, Mr. C. shows
the uttor -unreliability of Mr. Benton's
proofsi. Mr. C.recapitulatqs the action of
Congress, and his own and Mr. B's course
respectively on the diffe rent fluestions that
have aris~n~ in Coligresi .-involving the
rights of the slaveholding states, thsoir res
poetive positions on the Pi'!olda treaty and
Texas annexation and the Indian claims
and settlements. The Comet, Ecomium,
Enterprise and Creole cases aire also ox:
plained and Mr. Benton's assertions dis.
proved by facts on record. After dispo.
sing of Mr. Benton's fallacies, he then
assails him in his position of renegade In
a style evincing the most consumndate sdil
itf, adproves tat is Elliance if-,wrra
as little as his opposition.
In conclusion Mr. Calhoun exposes the
quasi patriotism of those pretended lov.
ers of the Union who are rnow endeavor
ing to prevent the consolidation of the
South for Southern rights. -He says in
reference to 'the attacks on the' South,
that "the South has been oni the defensive
throughout, and borne indignities and en
croachments on its rights and safety with
a patience unexampled, and yet she is
charged with disunion, and the North
lauded as its advocate. We must learn
to disregard such unfounded and unjust
charges, and manfully do our duty, to
save both the Union and ourselves, if it
can be done consistently with our equali
ty and our safety; and if not, to save our.
selves at all events., In doing so we
should but follow the example of our
Washington in the great struggle,'which
severed the union between the colonies and
the mother country.'" pregnant illus
tration which we trust will benefit both
friends and foes.
We are conscious that we have not done
any thing like justioe to this irnportant doe.
ument in our brief abstraot, and we fll
urge every man to study wellitheo re
marks of a champion, thewrdmgtb
proud of. ewrdmgtb
Ir0 Mr. Reyburn, Mr. Wyckf, Mr. Og,
den and Dr. Brainard, eminent 96(tlisofl5
York h~ t~p~ v~ I& . prv~ng eop.
cdid. ndr, Napoleon, IfjIIO"
the netmen 4
* ,l * p b ~isje
lon fite wsa Ruts a flhga her
-l e I u ath
tacking poe, d~ edaehe~oJi h
obedient hardy and b -,pobavi in
defending Russia thfordig
audCItherine &r ble te otheir ancient
and expressed thro on r
the'b WRo a*iilth the da.
them by the pretended FrerchR u blio.
The" me6iwrr ha4v benenlue osis.
tain p ime havp taker
all their' ecastrres wiaely ; 'all tlieiredoe.
uments breathe a 4iid !nd pure love- of
Liberty~, They only cpg e
tive govifnneat they have ever interfer.
Pope, and' theyllaved 4edn eitornal
city Mithl'bravey wiohiolieity whr
excites: &dMIration. W i QVC
that-they ban-saae the ci rm the at.
ksdf io Prench arft' bibWed-by
the .A ustaans-ands top 1heai
est foreignrintelligence states thatithetr.
my hafe4g 10. lient twillihi Its
walls.' The,;Pope may .yet be .reidor
to theVatiun';,ttt Mt 'will >be effected
over tiie rotr ' i'f hi bht
he cannot remain un, ourip sp~sfety in
less suisierited by forez ba'yonets and he
the people. The Frenoh governmnesp
having betrayed Italy, an-d free goii'uit
ments every where, has only tnrxnsu-,
mate its treachery by reviving monarchy
and repealing Its c6nstitu to1" 't9:li
been observed of late that nag ezto ~
made of thf United States Iits $nttulhj
laws anhe hiIb
ample is not quoted. England1 t iasid,
approves all that Frarnce has dion, abut
the.Englis deny ii tyesnon',or
approve the attacks ont ame.."Ni ut
despots approve of, sua riourelTJae
prospects for free and. liberalriofe
isn Europe are but glooimy,%ut'thegioyle
have lit their niark 'd undri g
change their condition must be bettered.
ANNExATION OF CANADA;-'-Gen.'Stott
has wMitten a letter in favorio ~nnazln
Canada to the United States, provided it
can be done by and with the oqusent of
Great Britain, and instances the. naviga.
tion of the St. Lawrence as. one 'of thi'
benefits. Cannot we keep these'Military
candidates for the Presiddnoy wvithin the
strict -line of their dutytod the 'pubid aer'.
vice ? We have, no right to intefoee in
this familyr quarrel between Groats Brit.
ain and one of her obloniies, nior do e'
court as war with any' power-to mnake. po.
litical capital for any aspirant f'or the next
Presidency.. Howv violent all these. Wlig.
gentlemen werer at the annexation of-Text
as, and'yet how wiliig they' &iitUa
ole Sam sh ould.k an~ $d& ~s
POruz.An M&usro for the last' Ifieen days
-"P'm afiost-Therdays of Noah,2When
the Rain-dr'op gits,.f ne 'a the
nmwie be~,Te ea.riyseg
#~ater-eteaet Eeepingup with the dily.
dian spiritoftie tides 4
het ast Oewrth~ tpp y
. ~ ~ ~ ~ * . *....
1. ktow rmt ow
ai~y~pz~op bIn- .
detailing the fact atINI~dtaiii~
idOt. T mit
or piazza onor ,.I
AN"WO& i ruLO4uD. ih
anps ,fe thAga~Jc~e~
TepreIn a ndaere e 8
of the Indiau hejh
The ef'orts of 1?athe
Anoiei" Gotieed4 T
ceital of 0O~~$I
000, themsel es, totaVb
They tr boti o i
a3Reolp fot e
peayed i u'ioaj~