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Christ; but it might be carried up 1,200
years earlier than that time, because
Josias destroyed the chariots of the
Sun, A. M. 3302. It also appears
that these ceremonies were used by va
rious nations in different countries, and
have even been traced to York. It has
been shown with what eagerness the
Doman people pursued these amuse
tuients, and so closely have the English
followed the practice of the Romans in
that respect, that, taking the evidence
of the scriptures found at York into con
thieration, there is little doubt that it
Was there that horse racing was first in
troduced into England in the celebra.
tion of the Mitraic festivities. The
meagre accounts that have descended
to us of the transactions of the Romans
in Britain afford us no means of describ
ing these sports; indeed during the 500
years that the Romans held possession
of the Island from the landing of Julius
Caesar, B. C. 55, to the time they quit
ted it A. D. 446 no notice is taken of
British affairs for the space of 817 years
of that time. Hence it is not surpris
ing, when we are unacquainted with
transactions of importance, that we
should be left in ignorance of the amuse
ments of the Romans in England.
After the Romans quitted Britain, a
succession of invasions, and of cruel and
intestine wars occupied the time and
thoughts of the people so fully that they
had little time to think of horse-racing;
and though the disputes betwixt the
'houses of York and Lancaster, ended
'in Henry VIII, yet we find no attempt
to revive these diversions until the reign
James I, when we find horse-races at
Croydon in the South, and at Gatherley
common, a little North of Richmond in
Yorkshire, but how long they had been
held there previously. we are not in
Edward Lord Herbert, of Cherbury
(who died in 1648, seemed to think
these sports unworthy of a man of hon
our, 'for in running horses there is much
cheating, neither do I delight why a
brave man should deliuht in a creature
whose chief use is to help him to run
away.' Lord Ierbert forgot that a
horse is as necessary for pursuit as it is
for flight, so that his argument is like a
two-edged sword-it cuts equally on
both sides. Gervase Markham, who
wrote on the management of horses A.
D. 1579, mentions running horses, but
these were only designed for matches
between one gentleman and another.
The diversions, however, was so much es
teemed that subscriptions were at last
made towards purchasing a piece of
plate, or making a purse, as a prize to
the winning horse.
'The English,' says Pennant, 'were
always attentive to an exact culture of
the horses, by introducing horses from
different countries, and by crossing the
breeds, obtaining horses possessing all
the g)Od (jilalities of their progonitors.
Roger de Belesne, created Earl of sal
ishury by Wiliam the Conqueror, is the
first upon record who introduced a
Spanish stallion into his estate in Pow
island, from which that part of Wales
was celebrated for a swift and generous
breed of horses. Giraldus Cambrensis,
who lived in the reign of Ihenry II.,
takes notice of' it; and Dravton, the
poet, a contempljorary of Slhaks pere ,
smngs the excellence of the breed, in the
sixth part of Poly Olbion. From this
wace sprang, to speak the language of
the times, 'the flower of coursers,' to the
contests in the tilt yard, whose beauti
ful form added grace to the rider-, aund
whose activity and dererity obtained
the palm in th~e field of r'omantic honor.
The breeds for race hor-ses are deC
scended from Persian and Arabian stal
lions, which are given to mares to suit
in bone, size and strength. Formerly,
when gentlemen begin, amongst other
feats of sporting, to try the fleetness of
their horses against one another, they
rode thiemselves without measuring the
horses or weighing the burthens they
had to carry. They also fell into the
mistake of breeding their horses fine for
the sake of speed only, without regard
to strength, until the reign of Queen
Anne, when a public spirited gentle
tleman left thirteen hundred guineas
annually for thirteen plates or purses,
to be run at such places as the Crown
should appoint; (whence they are called
King's or Queen's Plates or Queen's
Plates or Guineas,) upon condition that
each horse, mare, or gelding, should
carry twelve stone weight, the best of
three heats over a four mile course.
Tihis reguilation soon induces spor tsmen
to raise a strong or more useful breed
of horses, from whence, not only those
mntended for racing, but for general pur
poses, became so much improved that
the English of horses soon attained a
decided seperiority over those in every
orher part of the world, and has con
tinned to maintain that superiority to
the present time---London Sunday
.4 Vgree hA Hungary,.-Ther Boston Train
ic,rnpt spys tlpat a young Bostonian, whoi re
#ijW# Ag thnat city less than two years ago. is
al a l ieutengnt in the Hlungarian arinny, un.
(ler gen. Jem.
.*;"Silence that deadful he!" as the lover
THE SUMTER BANNER:
Samterville, . c6.
W EDNESDAY, AUGUST 22, 1849.
l. U. Noal), __nn., Qbitor.
IITRev. FREDERICK RUsH, is a travelling
Agent for this paper, and is authorized to re
ceive subscriptions and receipt for tne same.
AGENTS FOR TIHE BANNER.
Messrs. VfITE, & Co. Suntervillc, S. C.
T. W. PEGUEs, Esq., Camden, S. C.
0- All communications intended for the
BANNER must be directed Post Paid to the
CLarleston.-Prices from 7 3-4 to
10 1-2 cents per pound.
03 The Northern Mail faied thrice the
9-' We are indebted to the Carolinian, for
a slip containing the foreign news.
0T Monday last being the 2d anniversary
of the Battle of Churubusco, Capt. SUMTER
gave a dinner, in this town, to the remnant
of his company. A large party sat down, in
cluding the survivors, and several of the Regi
mental oificers, and numerous invited guests.
The Sumter Brass Band was present and
delighted the company with soul-stiring
EULOGY OF PRESIDENT PotK.--We have
received a painphlet containing theEulogy de
livered at Philadelphia by Ion.G. .\. DAr..As
The brief extract we published a few weeks
ago was but a poor specimen of the whole.
For elqouence and beauty of diction, it is uin
surpassed and is just such a document as we
might expect from a statesman like Vice
Hal Road Meeting.
On Wednesday last the people of Sumter
came up nobly to the support of the Wiliniing
ton and Manchester road. A large and high
ly respectable mass meeting was held
(through the courtesy of the Court of Ordina
ry then setting) at the Court House. On
motion, Col. J. .. AMooRE, was called to the
chair and R. M. )vsoN and W. F. B. IIAYNES
WOnTIt, Eqrs., approinted Secretaries. Ilon.
F. J. MOsEs, in a few pertinent remaks intro.
duced to the meeting the President of the
Road. (en. IIA n LEE of Marion, who, though
constrained to limit his address for want of
time, laid before the assembled multitude a
clear and energetic statement of the resour
ces, availabilities and benefits of the Road and
produced such a mass of statistical evidence,
that, if there was one sceptic as to the whole
enterprize, he would, most assuredly, have
have been converted. But from the well
known intelligence of this District we do not
sincerely believed that there is a single indi
vidual to be found, who is opposed to the Road.
The following resolutions were then submit
ted and adopted.
Resored, 'T'hat the citizens of Sumter still
feel a lively interest in the establishiment of
the Wlriington :nd Manchester Rail Road,
and look to its completion as the great work
which is to facilitate Communication froi
one ext reme of the Union to the other.
Resolred, That the thanks of the cormmu
ity are due and hereby tendered to tihe Itoarn
of D.brectors tor tiie enrergy, ability and inidus.
try whrichr have cha ~racterizedr their act ions.
Rlesoired', That thIis mreetig tenders its
acknowkledgemrents ti Geni. I Lai. reF, for thre
elnent add ress withI whi ch lie hais Ia voredl
us to day and hris satrsfactory staterrent of
the c'omhdtion andl prospects orf the Compnharry.
Res.o)red, Thiat this mecetinig w~:ih all brecom-i
ing courtesy arid deference to the lloard, re
conrnnrerid that the progress of the work be
cnitinuned with all tire means anid power they
Resolred, That the proceidings be puhuhsh-.
ed ini Sumter Bannrer, .\Mnrion Star, tire Wil-.
mm ngton papers, andi sirch jourralIs throughouit
tire State as are interested ina tire enerprize.
Tire Meetaig then adljourned to mrake fur
ther subscript ions and attend to thre letting
of thre contracts. Th'ie sum of 800,000( was
subscribed and all the timuber <;ntracts were
taken for stock. Th'ie wvhole comiprising for.
ty miles, anda from tire ind~orniitanble spirit arnd
indrustry oif the contraic tors wc have eve.
ry aissurarnce to belief thrat tire fourty mriles,
of road will be in running order b~y the first
of October 1850J. Thre books for furrthrersub.
script ions to tis capital stock of tire Compia
ny are inow open0 at Caprt. Br.A NmtN's oilice
ini tire rear of tire Corurt I louse. Tire several
igradinrg contracts ini lire vicinity of this town
are partly compbileted,
RArr. ROAns A-r -rnE N'ontrr.--The earn.
ngs of tire New :Inveni Railroad, fromu Jan.
uiary 1st to Atugust 1st, were as follows:
Nett earnings $78,051 11.
Th'ie capital of this road is two and -'if
niillionis, arid a dividend of 3 iier cent. wvas
leclaredi. Thre earnings of tire Ilarlemi Road
'or July will be about $3p',000. Our WVil
ingtoni itoadl will (10 as miuchr as any as
tooni as c'omipletedl.
STOex's A-r Nvw Y'onK---We notice by
lie N. Y. papiers that tihe nioney irarket. is
'ery easy yet $22,000 U. 8. T1reasuiry notes
old at 815 preminr ; U. S. 6's, 1867 soid
it $15 1-41, N. Y, state 6's at Sl41 1.2,
io G's at 1801 1-4 Kenitucky do at $4 5-8
imd New York G as Lighrt compi~aniy at $3(0
>renmium. Rather highr, we shroulnl say.
(iovEntNoR OF OREpJoN.-.I. hi. M~arshall,
>f hIndiana has been appoinited (Governor of
)regorn ini place of (Gen. l,anis remroved.
Will lhe go !
SPrITr of tire Charleston Press.--The
MIavoralitv---Iutlltinson nde ifMiner.
The Progress of Cholera.
The dreadful ravages of the epidemic in
St. Louis and Cincinnati, two cities most se
riously visited, we are happy to state, have
been arrested. In several cities on the great
Lakes it has appeared with violence. It is
rather on the decrease in Now York and very
little of it is seen in the New England States
thus far South Carolina has been much fa.
vored, and New Orleans, once the seat of its
devastation, is at present remarkably healthy.
When the favorable season sets in and the
disease shall have disappeared, when panic
is abated and confidence restored, we shall
know no more of Asiatic cholera, its origin
and cure, than we have heretofore. The
Medical Faculty know nothing of its origin,
and have no decisive and uniform method of
curing it; it batles skill and bids defiance to
science. One thing, however, appears to be
certain, local causes add to its extension, or
check its virulence. After the great tire in
St. Lou is, a large city without drainage, filled
with the poorest ciss of immigrants, the
whole atmosphere tainted and heated, its vio
lence and destructive career were not sur
prising. The drinking water, also, must
have had a potent influence both in St Louis
and Cincinnati. In Philadelphia, where the
sanitory regulations are of the best character,
it has beer but slightly felt, and considering
the vast and mixed population of New Yoik
it has been principally confined to the most
destitute class, and what is the more remark
able, confined to the upper or resident portion
of the city and on the banks of the swift cur
rent channel of the East river. At all events
we are not without hope. that it is, by this
titte, every whereon the decrease.
The Presidesat's Tour.
General TAY.ot left the seat of govern
ment on the 9th, inst., for Pennsylvania,
where he moet his friends in York, Pittsburg,
I [arrisburg, etc and is to proceed to the East,
returning to pass through the cities of New
York and Philadelphia. That lie will be re
ceived respectfully and sustained hospitably
cannot be doubted. Respect for the distin.
guished station which he holds, and gratitude
for his eminent services (luring the Mexican
War are passports to the kind consideration
of the people. But Gen. Taylor will find it
ditlicuilt to explain to them why he has chan
ged his policy, and become President of the
whig party when his solemn pledges to the
people before the election induced many to
vote for him on a guarantee of his pursuing
a direct contrary course, and when, in fact,
a contrary course would have strengthened
his position and nmade his administration pop
ular. That General Taylor's power and in
fluence have been used to patch up the bat
tered garments of the Whig Party in hopes
that it may be endured and sustained is abun
dantly evident, but the old General will soon
find out that he has been used for objects
whichi he did not originally contemplate, that
lie has got into the hands of his enemies (the
Corwin Me.ican's,) is very evident arid that
he will soon find it necessary to extricate
hiiself from this dilemma there can be no
The Fall Elections.
The confederacies at the North on free-soil
antid against Southern institutions have at
length aroused the South and Vest to the
necessity of Union. The signs of tire recent
electiotis, though not fully dmtonist rated, are
yet pregimnit with mneanting. There have not
been mianty changes in North Carolitna, but
the wigs elected in that State are determin
ed to vote with th de South ont all questtonts
touching Southierti liights. Th'le chatnges itt
Tlennessee have been decided, and the aboli
tionists ini Kenttucky have miet with severe
reverses. The extraordinary change of opini
jont in Col. IBenton, Air. Vanr Buron anid their
friends, evidenitly from personal 'onrsidera
tiops, are awarkenitng thre at tenition of the
slaveholding states to their apiostacies, andi~
tire biallot bioxes are givinig tire trute evidetice
of popular feelinig. Theln South and West otn
constitutiontal rights are consolidating and~ n ill
present, we0 trust, a front in thre next Con-.
gress which will arrest the progress of aboli
tion and cheeck legislatiotn on assrumed powers.
We could have wvised that thre results of thre
electinr hard beeni tmore fullI, direct and over.
whlehinig, but the sta nd is taket', tire redotibts
thirown up, thre South anid WVest will not
recede and every day will strengthen our po
Bition in defence of otur constitutional rights.
A ConA Cossrma~,cy.---Th''le Presidcnt has
issued his proclainatior. wyarnring citizens
agaitnst emibarkitng ini an armied exp~editioni,
bielieted to lie aimoed ainitst Cuba. Rather
late in the day however, and rathrer inideliti
itely pointed, perhaps I,oriente cani say whiethi
or SAN-rA ANNA hais anty thing to do with it,
or TrrJ~v whether Jamaica is to be the seat
of war. We are afraid that P'resident Tay
lor has got hioldl of bitt one of the many expre
ditions now on foot thrroughiout the Union.
Perhaps Mr. A bolition, Femrier Greely of the
New York TIributne, canm give somte informta
tion ini regard a Canada expedition, of wvhichi
we have heard runmors! Give us miore light.I
2IOSTox Mont~r.s.--The'i~ lbostont viX
T[raniscript gives the result of the I nspectiont
mrade by tire Countty Com i ssionters, ouf thle
Bloston jail, wh'io to Jutly 23lrd, 18109, by which
it seems that there have beetn comminittedl to
Leverett street jail 2177 criminals, 106 Coim
moon-wealtht arid United States witniesse's, 527
lebtors--miakintg the total numbiter 2810, in
thre space of seven arid a half mntihs ; it be.
ing tire largest number ever coummtittedl in thre
same length of time, and shiowing an itncrease
f about 10 per cent over anm. frm,.e. r.po..
A War in Florida.
We are threatened with another Florida
war. Five hundred war-riors from their set
tlements near Tampa Bay, under BOWLEOS
and SAM JoNES have been murdering the
planters and U. S. Agents in their neighbor
hood, and burning their property. It is said
that they have been for some time preparing
for these attacks, procuring their munitions
of war from Nassau and the Indian Keys.
Are we to have another Siminole war of
seven years duration, another twenty millions
expended, another Dade's massacre ! True
Florida is a state increasing in numerical
force, capable of defending itself against the
attacks of the savages, but it is a state of
great landed area, thimly and scatterdly set:
tied and the vast prairies, jungles and ham
mocks afford conveniences for a small maraud
ing party of Indians to keep the field against
a larger force, arising from the peculiarity
of the mode of Indian warfare. It was sup
posed that all lie Seminoles were removed,
but it appears that the better disposed were
allowed to retain their settlements near Tain
pa and the southern extremity of the state
Actual measures have been adopted to disperse
them, but they seem to have friends and means
in the neighborhood and are very obstinate
and determined; very cunning and skillful
they are when they do break ground. WhVlat
the causes of this hostile spirit were we are
not yet told. Fancied or real agrievances
may have been the stimulants to arm, but we
doubt mouch that they have any whereon to
place reliance. Maj. Gen. Twwcms lts been
assigned the command of the Government
NEW YonK CO VENTIoN.--The De:o.
crats and Free-soilers both hiolding conven
tions on the saute day the 15th inst., and at
the same city, (Rome) has given rise to a
false report that they had coalesced.
Gov. Marcy, Senator Dickinson, Chancel
lor Valworth are members of the Hlunker
They met at the first Presbyterian Church,
at 9 A. M., two hours before the timne an
nounced, and organized by the appoint ment
of Ihenry Shaw, of New York, as (.h:iir
m1an, atni Vdlamn I. Oliver, of Yate; Co,
'1'he ieetinig was called-the meet in of
the Democratic Party of the State of New
York--not of Delegates.
The roll was then called alphabetically by
Committees, when 93 Delegates aiswerel
to their natnes. The Convenution then ad
journed until 1' M.
The Free Soilers met at the same time as
the llunkers at the Baptist Church, and ap
pointed Joseph II. Anderson, of WVeschester I
Co., Chairman. After the calling of the roll,
an adjournment took place till 12 M.
TiE RF. CAsE.-The Spanish consul at
New Orleans hasbeen bound over for $5.00 )to
swer for the abduction of itr-. The steam
Falcon arrived at New York on Saturday last.
She brings the infornmation that iev ga' e his
answer to the American Consul in plresence -
of live Spanish soldiers and under th re:ts.
Ile was then imprisoned, but contrived to send
two letters to the Consul, stating that he had
been abducted from New-t irleans and claim
ed American protect.ion. The Coniisul lnd
made a demandb to see himl), but after d--libera
tiotn, was refused by the Xpanish authorities,
which had caused great excitemeilt on the
subject: this was touch increased hv the ar
rival of the sloot, of war (ernamou,,, whei,
however, left tit port without t a k ing a ny step.
to enfiorce a compliance with the Cinsul's de
DEi:Arn ori-rtr. Ilo. A. Gmr.r-is.-Tis
dist inguisheud stat esman :mda nl inancier diedl oti
Sunuday the 12thu inist. at Astoria, near New
York city, ini lis SI: th year. Alr. Ga:ullatiiis
history is so wvell kniowni that it is isu'se to
give any details. Fromt ahini st the infancy
if this great Reptublic-, lie has suistainedl a
promtinent part amitong thlo se whoil hadl thle
giiidancwe anid conttrol of its dlestinties.
Roan,,ke or I/:chr is U/opiam !"---In an
nwer toi an iluiry of a siuscribter, we are
:hagrined to ackntowledge that this alito
Novel, nw pubilising ini Sartaini's tUniionl
\Iagaz i ne, is fromi thle pieni of a Sotheriier
:at least by residenice,) (C. ii. WVilev of
Wadesboroughl, N. C.
Ai~A tt. Rec-ao tt~n.-Th'e Sotil hi ('aroliiani
;ays: "Th'le Ia re mail whic-h wa~s lost fromt
hue Greenivi lie stage on thle 1l inst, on its way
lowin, at Critnin Creek, has biecn recoveredl.
bWe learnt that thle re was a conisiderable
ainoiutito oney itt this mia i, wichl is thuis
aved. CTe way mails were recovered at the
hme the accideint hyp'nned,.
lEnr~v, a niegro slave, thle property of AlIj
. T. Kirby, was tried oi nlay, for a io.
ent assaulIt with initet to kill his~ master n
lictitng wvith atn axc a damtzeronis wouiund oni
lie head. Th'Ie (Court coinsisted tif ( G. i. 11.
2egg, IEsq., Aliagistrate, andu Je'sse C'leveland,
). Wu..\Moore, W. it. Seay, ievyton Thutrnler
nil .tosophll Foster. Thle Curt foun hin it i
uiilty, and sentece(d himit to be hun tg tot thei
ecoitt Fritday in Septetiuber ntext.--Nyartanut
117 TCo dilyiise utrefulI inftorntin, to faur
her intellect ual refinuemieit--su re forerum
crs of mioral imnprovemiett, to hiastenl the
oinig of that bright day, whlen the dawn i ot
eneral knotwledge shall chalse away th ly
itrering miist s, eveni from thle btase of thIe
rneat social piyr..aidt; thi!s, indleedl, is t hiigh
alling, ini which the tuost spleidi talenits '
ttd coinsuiniuate vi rtute imay well press on. e
uard, cager to hear a hart,.
'Thte niew Rotyal Ailaii Steamter Kestrel, C
ieiongingr to S. Cunard, was totally .lost oni
kmdtay week at Shot ts, on her passage from(
Iali fax to Newfountd landt. 'Thle passenlgers
ndl imails wvere lauded ini safety.
TPhe Commercial Bank of WVihintgton,
Vorth Carolina. have made arrantgemttents t.
heir bills neceivedi on dleposit at the Batnk of
ieslult of the Iate JEl'ctiot.ns.
'T'hus far there has been, in part, a change
of power, the Democratic 'party gaining, al
though, the returns are not suflicient to snake
ill a decided opinion on the final result.
Ve give below the result of thea so far
as heard from:
Whigs qlected at Congress: Clinginan,
Caldwell, Deberry, Sheppard, Stialey, ( hit
law. Deiocrats are elect ed: Venable, Ashe,
Daniel. No change in political complexion.
Deinocrats elected: Albertson, Dunbam,
Robinson, Brown, Alci)onald, Fitch, Hlaran.
Free Soil- Julian. Whigs elected: Mc
Gaughey, Vatts. These show a Denocratic
gain of 1, and Free Soil gain of 1, ai a Whig
toss of 2. Democratic Governor elected.
Whigs elected: lohnson, f Lean, Tlomp
son, l'reck, Morehead, Marshall. Deiocrats
elected: Boyd, Caldwell, las'an, bTanton.
Last delegation 6 Whigs and 1 Democrats.
We have no complete returns from the
Congressional Elections. It is conceded that
the Democratic party have gained two men
hers of Congress, the papers claim three.
Democratic Governor elected.
If Alston, Whig, is elected in the Mobile
district as it reported, there will be no change
in the Congressional delegation-..5 )emo
cratic Governor elected without opposition.
Ve have no returns froni Texas.
LATrn Fitoi ItCI:oPF.-The steamer Ili
bernia; with one week's later intelligence
from ILiverpool reached 1oston harbor at
eleven o'clock Wedneslay night.
LIVEltPOOI., AUGUS'' '.-.The de
nand for Co-rroN has been more mnoderate
than for sorne time past. The sales of the
week alntnt to 4"2,200 hales, of which ),300
were taken by speculators, and 5,70(10 for ex.
port. UplamIs ranjgel froi 4 1-2 to 5 l-'2d;
Orleans 4 to 7; Alobile 4 5-5 to 5 3-4-t he
narket closing with a slight turn in favor of
Ih:mrn S'iierrs of all descriptions were de
pressed in price and deinand, in conseqnence
of the prospect ofan abundant hairvest. There
were large supplies of INDAN Coln in nar
It e:: firnt at 18s. to 18s. 61.
In France, it is stated that the harvest will
prove a unost ahunlant one.
IIAVItIl AMARKET.--The sale of Cot
ton at I lavre on the day following the recep
tiin of the news by lie A aeric', amuounted to
oinily:00 bales. 'l'he excileinicnt which arose
in Liverpool by the .4merica's accounts,
brou ht the I I:avre iinirket. to a stand-holders
were tirm, and a shg ht advance demanded.
The I're';rie nit of the IFr:'ich Republic has
returned to 1ris after his Southern tour.
IloI is still accused of aitning to assunte the
lnThe lFreich ave succee-led in est ablish
inig th. governmle:nt of the l'ope, but cannot
persuade I s I Iline.s to return to the Vati
The Iling' rianus contintte successful, de
feating and oulunanm'avring the ene:my at allI
points, and placing lie Austrians in great
peril and separating tlie Itussiansfroin IIiir
base of operation:. ''he whl!e nation were
sssting the I :lngarian iorces, hrinigiigr
thema oudand hrses, aid intelligence of the
'l' h I . nidn .\recsof the: 1.1 ifist., contains
ienna d:ites; to the Ii Judy. Lord l'.u .
a iS:'stiN's speech felI ike a thunder clap on
IIe &iau rian o blinisters. 'I'he news of Gr':n.
rv's n ictory over I lie Russians at Coasseo,
n; his entry into Cainthw, were announced
it s:(i, tie. 'T'here were reports of enter.
ini mto negotiations for peace. l eniawar is
reported to have surrendered to the M[;ir'av rs.
Letters fri: ('racow to the 23Al .une, says
Ilitat lie ltuissi:nus t rops, which were ordered
to leave that city, recu iveil counter orders.
Seventy RIail l:al ('ars arrived at Cracow
recent l. i tled . ith R .,_t.in soildiers
Th'lere aire reip'or-- thlit a(cniliracy~ exists
ini lussia, tic talsh al liepuh'ic, and sever
al cionspiratirs, hav'e been airrestedl.
Th'le Tu'irk~ h i'ove.r':onent has sent an a"rliny
of 80l.tttt inen tolie I ltugarian: frontier, t'o
pirev.ent the~ passag o;i th ' Rusians through
1.d~ \'Eltl')oL, .\UG 4.--It is atnnouinced
t hat :anothle r grea t victory ha~s been obtained
by the 1144ungarians at Eselaw over the Rus
tans. Th'le Auistriran iien. Ha~vs.' Nis de
'ribed as in a ritost critical condition. Thle
hil nga:rianus are inasters of (lie whole line
rin Essy. to .\'ssii'.a, opening cilintiinications
iith fle grub' anil the Turk ish province.
heiL great biattlhe at \VaIzen: between the~
ttss.:ins, under l an'.vwrren, and (lie llun
ar-.ns, under G ~i:n v, in which thie latter
'.ere said to be viictorioiis, is fully' confirriied
':uts airmy tforced lie II ussiain Iine and
iiarchieid iorthi, et iirn a jucinwt*h
A leterfran te sat of wvar, savs that the
hirges of te leunga rian: cavalhrv po tipl
c' n ire's colhniiis were tremten~dous.-..
II the liiungarian~ trioops ex\hibited uinparal..
ei-d daring. Anoitheir letteor describles the'
fuSSianl retreat as mosit disordlerly, anilha
beyvere sav.e~l troum anihiilatio (v h ar
val of B'.t~ul's divisioin.
It is stated that Austrian .\iinistry has bieen
Ai rumo r w.as caIrrent 0n thai Neapolitani
rontier tha Ii I u ::nIL. tO: hail einb~arked for
unierica, ini isgulle
IMoigiTA I-'.I.l:(niuiN.--T'he(hena Ad'.er
her.ii', e t 4th instanit, annonneiiies (lie reeo
et ii of lIIon. I lenry V. Sibley asi dlegate
S(' ':n'ress troii Al iiesotai, withf out OPpoi
O/, i. RStqi-i.lousi...-Th'le (capjitil of O)hio
utgws id irogr s lfbIbeng w.ill lie (one of
resl and 4 nh-t6 itest in the I 'niion. It is
i dessd sone IIil eetby 1-I, aind coverst
surfaci(e of 55,0i:tti .qyla re teot. Tlhe~ capitol
\\ ashm:gtn is not iiuch: larger, as it covers
surtarce of abouilt (ii ,700t iiiiuare feet.
I''. 1.L or A Sn::i'.--A torniaido at Ciin
in:ittii, on the Nthi imitanit, threw down the
leephe it St. 'hilon ii's ('Ihutrchi, a structutre
5(1 feet. high, whieb'l w.1 lnot enitirely. tiniish-.
d. It tell ilonig Ithe street, and~ did' no dam-.
e to otimr piropetrt y.
(Ci.'nu Io I a/pia/raisi...--Th'1e l'reshilenit has
ilnterredl tis app~ointtiienit oni Colonel 'A.
V. l'otter, of Caroliiie countty, Alarv'landii.
'ol. Ii.'. will sail for his destlinatiton about. the
rst of Ocktobter.
'T'le nrxt lo':se (if Rt'presenttative, the
low Yourk TPribiune admiiits it ahniiit c'ertaini-l'.y
st. to the \Vhiigs.
nil ound ta ''e : ...'ecl
A Nxw Ajjvocxr.-'There are but two
papers 1publishod iu.the city of New 'York
favorable to th Smitth, NoAn's MESSENGER
and the Monstxo Ban, and we are to have
yet anoftor. ewe have received the pros.
pectus of of the NEW Yonx ReveILLt., a
weekly paper at $-2 per annum and from the
annexed extract therefrom we trtuauipeo.
p!e of South will give the projectpr al due
'The 'ltevRille' will be iudependesiqpW ..
itics, but thoroughly devoted to painter..
ance of all the great Inuithtidn n
try, as they at present exi
"No abolitionism, sectarianisn, ,o
fanaticisa will be allowed topt Col, .
"We shall fearlessly support the cardinal
primciples of civil and. religious ,.ilierty. as
folded by the illustrious stateefuh go
Revolution; oppose all those unj i .
ments in soriety (that now prevaIl xten
sively) as dangerous to the true'l, ies pf
the people and hostile to the deareot 'reat
of the Conmnonswealth; and thu 4guan, ' thit
any encroaclnents upon the indiv'iai rjs
of each State as guatantied'by the -
tion. - - .
"In view of the encroachrnetit l tattle
attemptCl to be made by misguideda'ttd '.i
principled persons in the NorT ~againet'tie
mstutions of our Southern br.thren it; be.
comes the duty of every lover of his-6uttry,
and particularly that of every newspape r' i.
tor clearly to define his position on thiiririllor.
taut point. For our part we will maintain the
rights and interest of the South with themn
independence and devotion that We;:W
those of the North, if they werd assailed6XWef
know no geographical distinction, and will
not be a party to any scheme that maye tend
to weaken this Union or jeopard.ze-the Vafety
of any of its members.
[FoR TILE SC.'TER BANNER.]
sM. Enrroi:-I wish some ofiour Aboli
tionist friends.-I dont know but I ought
rat her to call them enemies;-could have been
present at the celebration of the nuptials that
took place between John and Lucretia, at
)r. * * 's place at Providence last Saturday
night. I think they would have had their
unids somewhat changed on the subject of
slavery. I never witnessed a more decent
amk properly conduc ed marriage ceremony.
There were about fifty well dressed negroes
-men and women present. A bountiful
supper had been provided by the master of
the young couple, consisting of a well dressed
shoat, cotee cake, &c., &c. The abundance
was so great that a large portion of the viands
were actually unconsumed by the party.
I'here was .no dancing or music, as most of
the negroes in the neighborhood aie chirch
nernbers, and as good christians, I beliede, Is
are to be limund among the same - number of
whites any where. IWhien all was ready the
happy pair were united by their master in
the holy haunds of matrimoney, after 'Which
the whole party were left to themselves and
I believe keept up their festivity till near-mid.
night. t hey ihen dispersed, going to their res
pective homes. Several of tile neighbours
hearing of what was g-iing forward and of the
preparations that had beep m~de, Step~ in
to witness the scene, and all agree thatit
would have been a good thing if sonieof our
Northern brethren could have been present
to see in what style a negro's 'ma'rrage-is
conducted im South Carolina.
August 14, 1819 .
COL. BIOSSAl'S INVENTION.
In a former notice of this new invention to
pouud Rice, we protnised our readers a more
We give it Lelow, in Col. Bossard's -!
words. Ile has forwarded an application
the proper Department for a patent, with all
accessary drawings, and we trust he will-stic
'c-d in securing his right. It may not-be
'roperly called a newly invented machine,
but it is a decided improvement upon-the old
node of cleansing Rice. We have heard the
orthl of Col. D's improvement, if hequceeds
n1 procurmng a patent, variously estirnated by
hose whlo have knowledge of such. matters,
romni .40,000 to 8100),000. He conlidently
asserts that with it two horses can do,.the. Ia
bor of eight or ten wvith the old mode ofp pand
ing. This certainly is a great saving of pow.
er. Col. Bossalrd has one regularly- running,
w'lih puractically illu~straltes his views pand
tess is nnuprovement.
This machine operates with a shalft efight
squaires which is eighteenl inches in diameter.
In every alternate square, there are iixed two
ifters parallel to eachl other, placed; far
noungh apart to pass up the extexior sides of
he0 pestle. Thie lifters are just thirteed'inch-.
s long, when measuired from the sdrfacp of
he shaft outward, and in eaciL of the. other
qua~res of the shaft, there is a single lifter of
qual dunmensioni, placedl in a central pstion
o the former ones. Pinions are placd on
hie outer sides of the pestle, in horizont~ po.
ition to t he centre of the shaft, at which point
lhe parallel lifters are in the revoling of tbe
hlaft to receive the plestle and bear it up while
le single lifter entering a mortice in the
entre of the pestle while it is. ascending re
cives its weight at the iustant the parallel
ifters are extricated from the pinions,-.and
mishes the elevation required.
1The instant the pest le falls into the moirter,
ay mn a second of time, the pinions are again
aken by parallel lifters, and thus the process
Scont inumed, producing four blows of the~pes..
le to eachl entire revolution of the shaft
Th'Iree lifters are therefore empl'~'to.
meh entire lift of the pestle; produigii,
welvo litters in thle whole circumnference&of
lhe shaft to each pestle.--amden Jou'r4a.
1linois . 8. Senator-Thle St. Louie~lra
ay's, on the authority of a letter from one of
lie best informed pioliticians in' lllinoisvthiat
hlere is not a reasonable doubt but thatGen.
shields will be re-elected -to, thle Seutate of
lie United States. The Era places the more
onfidence in this -opinion from thle fact that
lhe writer prefer's a thlird person over tne Gen-.
A New~ Y'ork correspondent of the Vhila
elphlia Inquirer says, "that if there are livifig
ai the United States any heirs or next of
ill Ilhomas Lucas Whleeler, -a natiyoef
blropshire, England, and formerly a epa
f tihe 10(th regiment of foot, sta'ttoamdpln-.
ia, or of ileninin WVheeler, now of he of
Jharleston, X. C., there ia a very haiidsomne
>rtune awaiting each of thoem, whichathey
an obtain by proving 5atisfactnfily thnir re
tionshipi to the deceased ,/lhona e,~
Thell Ilungarians in New York are utihhraic
ig mocney to.support thleir colMtryrt.lr the
ru'iggle ag inst Austria atnd,lMwisa.
'Ve a.Ih ,i die mnovemoent, and that the n