Newspaper Page Text
THE JACKSON VENTION.
We have received a op of,1ie Alfississip.
ian of thq &dUnst yhi i ns th& pro
ceedinga of tiM 'li onvotion,
whtiht bni'da o en #b inist.
We hav> nto-day eAresolu
lions, whicls tie found below.-Cot. 'el.
1. Resolved,'That institution of slave
ry in the Southern States Is" left, by the con
stitution, exclusively under control of the
States in 4hich it exists, as a part of their do
niestic polio lwhich they, and they only, have
the right to regulate, abolish or perpetuate, as
they aruy severally judge expedient; and that
all attempts on thepartof Congress or others,
to interforo with this subject, either directly
or indirectly are in violation of the constitu
tion, dangerous to the rights and safety of
the South, and ought to be promptly resisted.
2. That Congress has no power to pass any
law abolishing slavery in the District of Co
lumbia, or to prohibit thu slave trade between
the several, States or to prohibit the introduc
tion of slavery into the territories of the Uni
ted States; and that the passage by Congress
of any such law would not only be a danger
ous violation of the Constitution, but would
afford evidence of a fixed and deliberate de
sign on the part of that body, to interfere with
the institution of slavery in the States.
3. That we would regard the passage by
Congress of the Wilmot Proviso (which would
in erfect deprive the citizens of the slave-hold
ing States of an equal partici patioi in the
territories acquired mainly by their blood and
treasure)'as an insulting discrimination-to
which these States cannot, without political
degradation, submit; and to which this Conven
tion, representing the feelings and opinions of
the people of Mississi1pi, solemnily declare
they will not suhtnit.
4. That the passage of the Wilmot Proviso,
-or of any law abolishing slavery in the Dis
trict of Columbia, by the Congress of the
United States, would of itself be such a breach
-of the federal compact as, in that event, will
rmake it the dutv, as it is the right of the
slave-hokling States, to take care of ther own
safety, and to treat the non-slavehonlding
States as enemies to the slaveholding States
and their domestic institutions.
5. That the legislatu re is hereby requested
to pass such laws as may, in their opinion, be
.best calculated toencourage the emigration of
,citizens of the slave holding States, with
slaves, to the new territories of the United
6. That in view of the frequent and increa
-sing evidence of the determination of the peo
-ple of non-slaveholding States to disregard
the guaranties of the constitution, and to ag
itate the subject of slavery, both in and out
-of-Congress, avowedly for the purpose of el
,fectng its abolition in the States; and, also, in
view of the facts set forth in the late "Ad
dress of the Southern Members of Congress,"
this Convention proclaimnr the delilbente con
viction that the time has arrived when the
Southern States should take cou:nsel togeth
er for their common safety; and that a con
vention of the slaveholding States should be
held at , on next, to devise and
adopt some mode of resistance to these ag
gressions; and that this Conventen do appoint
twelve delegates and twolve alternates-be
ing double the number of our Senators and
Representatives in Congress-to attend such
convention, and that the other slaveholding
States be instructed to appoint delegates
agreeably to the same ratio of representation.
7. That in the language of an eminent
Northern writer and patriot-"The rights of
the South in African service, exists not only
umder but orer the Constitution. They ex
isted before the government was frmed.
The constitution was rather sanctioned by
them than they by the Constitution. Und not
that instrunment admitted the sovereignty of
those rights, it never wvould have beeni itself
admitted by thre South. It bowed in defer
ence to rights older in their (late, stronger in
their claimts and holier in their nature than any
other which the Constitution can boast.
'Those rights may not be changed, even by a
change of the Constitution. They are out of
the r'eachm of the nation, as a n'ation. The
confederacy may dissolve and the Constitu
- tion pass away, but those rights will remain
unshaken--will exist while t he South exists
and wvhen they fall, the South will p~erisht with
8. That to procure unity and promnptness of
action in this State, this Convention reconm.
-mends that a central or St ate associatonm lie
formed at the capita!, and athihiated coun mty as
sociations within the iseveral counties of' the
e 9. That we recommend to the legislature
of this State, that at its next session a law be
enacted making it the ditty oft thme gov'ernor of
the State bty proclanmation, to call a general
Convention of the State, and to issue a rits of
election based upon the ratio of representation
in the State legislation, upon the piassage by
Congress of thie "Wahilnot Proviso," or .,ty
law prohibiting slavery ini the District oft Co
lumtbia, or prohibiting the slave trade between
10. 'Tlit a committee of - lie cho
sen by the Conventien to pirepare an address to
the people of the slave-holding States.
ParucnTrmnt OUrIarO--Tinp afN MfUR.
-Du~irn-150o 31'EN "onTt1Eti ANti(rF:rERING l1rE
rzAmer..-In the flatesville (Ark.) iLagle, ofi
Septt. 13, we findii, says a lemine ais er, the~
mutnbjoiied paragraphilS, co minuniiicaitoItg, in no
,v'ery initelligibale te'rmsi the news. i of a poputlar
.distur bance in h arion countyv, Arkansas.
*lIecenmtly, a negro was hungmm by ,yimch law in
Tryville, Arkains~s. Ie de('..erved hi fate
imprluest ionably; hit thei preceden imti wa a batd
one. e strp~m.ae thmis new s!v't of spe.hd
justioe has lbeen aidopt edl itn lanion cui,
svithout an amuple' excuse or an (eiiesitely
popumlar support; an:d hence this lawle. ss ouit
rhrealr, thus noticed in mthe Date'svilie l'agle:
Threemuen were kailed a few day s sinee
21 men enigaged in thme turst miutrder. 'aind ore
hundred and fifty with the Sherifl' at the r
head have fortified themselves, and g ivenm out
thme news that they wi.ill die, before they will
he taken. Trhe constable with otte hun.
dreid men wonf. to take them, butt ne.
t urned being defied on the 6hth instant
lie was to go onl thto 7tht-fromt a(Cottnts t htere
will be bloody work attendaing the anlir.
'These iteme were gleaned from a letter writ
ten. by a truithful mnin, in Yelhville, and may
be depended on.
Independence county is ini readliness, to a
man, to lend her helping han rd; but wo advise
our citizens, as also those engagedl, to usme the
utmost caution in taking steps to quell the
Gorso BAc.-Traiin's packet shipJ Wash..
lngton Irviuig, for ILiverpoolI, was towed to seai
this forenom. Shte carriws ou:t friomi I150 to
200 passengers (returniig Irishi ) One of
the nmnber, who attmptedl to leavie his cred -
Itors in the lurch was arresinl by an ofliceir
and hi to a . ...-Lno-to Trc-n-r
wa given to the Grand u~ry the
General Whitner, at IA0 AM. on yete}d ,
andWis refound a "tide bill" He isbhirbd
in the indictment under the oct of 1820, w th
"bringing into and circulating Within the
State of South Carolina certain papers calcu
lated to disturb the peace of said State."
[7 Stat. p. 450.] Considerable interest was
manifested by a large audience in anticipation
of the approach of the case, but thdrn was by
no means trat degree of excitement which a
stranger might naturally have inferred from
the circumstances attending the previous his
tory of the case; and I am satisfied from a
minuto observation, and repeated inquiries of
those best qualified to judge correctly, that
the citizens of Spartanburg are determined
that John M. Barrett shall receive that which
every defendant in a Court of Sessions is en
titled to according to the whole spirit of our
laws, a fair, patient, and impartial hearing
and trial. The case was called to-day (Thurs.
day) at 4 1-2 P. M., when the Solicitor roove
ed a continuance on the part of the State for
the purpose of procuring certain testimony,
which he had not succeeded in doing as yet,
and the importance of which had been but
recently developed. It was stated by the
Solicitor that he desired a speedy termination
of the case, both as an individual and as a
Lnwoflicer of the State. le had desired the
trial to bo brought on during the 1 resent term,
but as recent investigations had convinced
him that there was evidence which he believ
ed could be procured before next term, and
which might or would prove of material imn
portance, lie felt, constrained to move a con
tinuance, anl leave the proposition at the
discretion of the Court.
Simpson Bobo, Esq, Counsel for the De
fendant, in reference to the maot;on expressed
his concurence in the desire manifested by
the Solicitor for a speedy trial, and stated
that in thojustice to the Defendant lie could
only consent to a continnance on conditions
that he himself had been exposed to persona'
inconveniences from his lp'sition as Counsel,
and that the imprisonment of the defendant
has already affected his health. and could not
be extended much longer without a fatal re
sult. The case was accordingly continued
on tha following terms, 1st. 'T hat defend
ant be admitted to bail on entering into re
cognizance of $1000, with good security in
like stun (for which amount as'you are aware
lie has now a certificate of deposit;) and 2d.
That lie be permitted (in conjunction with
the Solicitor) to examine by regular cominis
ion all persons residing beyond the limits of
the State, whose testiaony might be desired
by either party.
The case has thus been disposed of for
the present term, and all who know the pri
vato ch:aracter and professional standing of
the Solicitor (as many of your readers do)
must be satisfied at once that the rights of the
State, and the claims of public justice have
been, and will still be, promptly and faithfully
vindicated, while justice compels us to add
that the Defondant's Counsel has discharged
tine delicate yet necessary trust which lie had
undertaken. with strict regard to his duty as
a citizen and an Attorney of the State of
South Carolina. It is to be regarded, perhaps
on some accounts that the matter could not
have been tinlly disposed of at this term;
but I see no reason to be dissatisfied at the
order taken, which may lead to still further
disclosures of great importance to the State
perh:ps, and which can lead to no unnecessa
ry deprivation of the defend ant's liberty. In
one matter it is to be hopied that the Counsel
for defendant was sonmewhiat imistaken, in in
timnatinlg as he did thathle had been subjected
to personal imputations of a reproachfu' char
acter for having undertaken the defence of
this case-if so, it must have beeni to a very
limited extent; for. I think I kniow too well
the feelings of Carolinians, and the high esti
muation in whuich they hold the sacred duties
of Counsel as intimately connected with the
pure and unsuspected administration of jus
tice, to, believe that such could have been the
case to any general ex:ent.
I shoumld state, as part of the history of the
case, that defendant's CXonsel ajphed also for
pernnisiion to exaniionme by commission persons
residling wvithini I le State, hut in other andl
distunt districts. This, however, was prompt
ly anid very proper!y refuised by the Court.
IlonnJRn.E DE~raAv'lTV AND ESCAPE of THEP
Vrt.Aiss.--in the month of October, 1818~
the vault of the Van Rteissehaer fammily was
entered at midnight by sonie sacrilegions
wretches, the collins wvere biroken openi and
the silver plates forcibly wrenched front thiem.
'l'he ghonls t hen proceedled to rob the bodies
of every articre at value, savs the Knicker -
bocker, cruelly nmtihating tihem to obtain the
rings &c. Alter having compilleted their hor
rnble work, they lef t thle vault, andu notwit h..
starndmg the most urnremnitting search, no clue
could be obtained by the police of themij. A
short tane smnee one of their nunber, proba..
lbly apprehendingt danger or coniscience smnit
ten, turned state's evidence, and exposed the
names of his associates in crime, but they got
wind of it and made their escape fromn the
city. It is t .ie iaod thact who the.y can coolly
at midm ghit, m:uitifate the c'oi pes oft the deaall
focrht nleofaa few small trinkets, will be
brengh to pr mid speedy justice at the
hands ot the onitragedl law.--A/any A:la.z
J3EN'roX AT IloMiE.--Fromn thee ullcns
fu: we condena.'sei.t t h" following fac t., as s h'.
.hg the priospects of BENTiN at the latest
. Nnety pw inient i memibers of thle last Log.
:s laturea, fruai d thr-rent so,' tons of lhe State,
lhave. avowed thlemiselve op'en ly against him.
O ) the .hundges, niumberinag t weanty in tall,
smxteen have cominui tted thlenmselvea ;aga iast
Iu:NTorI, and not ('ne as yet hazs prioiionneed
Of the Conigre'ss oaa:h deegation, three ae
deadly13 againmst him---hi cal league aind twoc
Rleprest-nitativ.es. On~e lIeprresntatiave lhas
espoatisedm his causew, iad two are as yet on the
Uf the h)emioaratic press, ten papiers are
against hain,, six for him aa-i two neutral.
A great majority of thle couiinity ameetiaags
w.hiich have been held have gone againist himi,
TIhus stands the case at presentt, in view of
whic h thle Meta'ropolitain ihinks there'"s nol'ros
pect of II:NTOaN obiniing a maijornty m aniy
one county. "So mote it be."--Coil. 'Tel.
'JTiE R ATr.ttn RwtbTEn.-- Thais japer
'ompilhetedl its fiftieth year oni lie 3rd of this
mioithl. It was esatalilshed in I30 bt.ly li
G ranatather of the piresent Edlitor, (wh'o was
l''rher to thle senaior Edlito~r of t he Nat ionl I
Inatelblgotncer,) and duaring all that tanie it has
prospered m the utifaltqfing support of Reo
iterville. 0 4
WEiNES AY, OCTOBER 1, 1849.
I-.E eqal), Jun.; bitor.
117Rev. FRErDEMfCK i Rus, is a travelling
Agent for this paper, and is authorized to re
elve subscriptiuns and receipt for toe sate.
AGENTS FOR THE BANNERI.
Messrs. WRITE, & Co. Sunterville, S. C.
T. W. PEGUEs, Esq., Camden, S. C.
Ch7arles8ton.-Prices from 9 1.2 to
11 cents per pound.
I7T The REV. E. CATER will deliver a
Lecture on Geology at the Bradford Sprirgs
on Saturday the 20th inst at 11 A. M. The
public are invited to attend.
ACKNOw.EDE1tENT.--Our thanks are duo
our Representative the Hlon. Jos, A. WooD
ARD, for a neetly bound Cbpy of the Congres
sional Gloe an Appendix, conta ining sketches
of Debates and lPrecedings of the 2d session
of the 30th Congress.
The Penitentiary Quction.
The sutbjct of modltfviag our criminal laws
and Cstalnhitg . a pitcn1itarv ins for stie
time occpttlied the atten: oi if th.- itltabitanat
of this state aril we arc p il to ci. rve
that a t1 ~sositiun t:ists to conform to the e.
tablished and stcessutl practice of other
states, both on the store of policy and hmman
ity. The Penitentiary system is one of hene
volence, heneficial to the convict and advan
tageous to the state. Many crimes go un
punished from an unwillingness to be severe
in our penalties, and some are punished by
death, and by castigation, which, if we had a
state prison or penitentiary, would, by a pun
ishment at hard labor for a term of years,
meet the ends and objects of justice, withiut
the necessity of shedding human blood or the
exhibition, debasing and denoralising indeed,
at the whipping-post. The prevention of
crime is the legitimate object of punislunent,
and that system which secures the greatest
amount of prevention, is the best ail most
desirable, and that which is practically most
defective should be avoided or at once abol
ished. If we look at our penal statutes we
shall tind many of them tnnecessarily harsh,
and severe, if not disreputable to the hamane
character of a state; whipping and branding
belong to the feudal ages, not to tie present
enlightened times. The punishtnent of death
should only be inflicted for murder, insurrec.
tion, slave-stealng and aron in the 1st de
gree--all other crimes should be punished by
imprisoutnent at haid ab'r for periods corres
ponding with the nagnitude of the ofnices.
With a penitentiary that greatest of all our
evils, slave-trading woul receive its udeath
blow, for where at preent, thle tradler is mere
ly finted and consigne:l to the l)istrict Jail for
a termt of umniis with nothaing to occupy his
time, he would be kept. at hard antd iudiscri
miateC labor, which would, we trust, stifb~
this hydra-heade-d monte~tr. In establishing
a l'entiftetiry we yiel to pubil ic (iiotn here
anti e'sewhIere, which public will is law, and
is the t rue theory of our govertnment, nothing,
however, is easier t hian mohiyin.t (dir croni
nal laws shtonhd we ;nlopit th l'I eniiten~:tiarv
systemi. Se'veralI southern~ st atesa followed
our criminal (or rather the old Englis) p'rac
tice for many years, of hanLuging, wipping
atnd brandming, which puntishmitetn covered all
dlenoiinations of crime. Vi~1rgi nia anad Mlary
land took the lead in abioliehintg the system~
and establishiing h'nitenitlaries, cit her So u'.h
crn and WVestern states followed lie exnmti
and have hadl no cautse to regret the adoption
of a tmore hautmane mo'de of prevent on andi~
punishmiont of crimne. Surely :it enilihtened1
State like Sooth Carolinta ought not to be li;t
mn the great mnarch of salutary reform. Let.
us, for a monment , hts k to the ope rat ont of thle
systema ini oither Smtates. It is possible that
mianty of ottr .statesmren tm a L' entertained
opinionts that s'.ate pretis or pentiteti aries
wouhtl lbe a contstant bill of cos to te state,
to avoid which promnpt and severe punishments
for criies wotl be pre ferable. Th' sy- t em,
no donht, at fi]rst wais 'leetive, hu! snehi hck
teen tht. Uniproteie-; i o im t li' thiu
laastrn ad Woi;m or :*., I.* I. I i'..
t si te of N'ew York 'b re pr ione hai b,
a chiarge. to thec stafte, it hI en a ' rer~'tai ted
to have or i.ntedl tom toaniaatniiemet. and'
extravagantce, exibliting~ a oital want of sys.
tem. lIn i'etntsylvania thet r;sin a :e~ pa id
tteir own expenises atnd thmeir syIstiins aire ad
tmirahhe. lI thi ( 'h~intin &tate prin N. Y.,
convyiets work the irota ine, ;and in the road~s
('anmtnot convyict labor I.e -th aintaIgfolishy alp.
plied to workmlg oulr gri'nt <p10 alt1 i.s, and
petfect ing the roitd passinig thou.h swaps
atnt over streamns! We Ihall i n thle oirgahtiza
tion of I'eniitenitiaries int~ o hetenit of all
the expuerienee ot other stat es, we cain hose
ntin i e(xperitttents, but ivery thIintg will
be pir:itecal anid avahleb. It is triue t ihat we
habior ilude sotte intconii en c ce itn telat tion to
thne dhispiositiott of crimtiinal sh tes, and the
adopt in ot a scenr e plani to tmake teir labor
pay their expenises, but itn this~ we have also
the experiencen of other slaive-st:ites as outr
guieh, whutever has, beeni su''eesfuhly pac
tisedI lhere i~ll alkio bei pliicable ti tts.
Thics is ai sub'ject of grreat muttrest andi u.pr
tattce to thie staite anol one to whichI we miay
frequietly rote r. Itt order to approaich thluis
subject. seeurely, umtorneingh and... ben.
cially fot !e statedthe Legislature, at 4
ensuing session sigtild apppint two able, .I
tolligent,' pactidal men skiqgri
to examipe th6;Peniten t .tu1 state pri
s9,ns in thoSouthern and. ostd4f States, the
other the tamo irthe Nprthern and Eastern
section of the Union and to prepare a *vitteai
report on the subject embracing every detail
of interest and furnishing the Governor with
copies for printing and cireulationhelore the
meeting of tio following' 1e(slatuare
The failure of iltugary.
A calm and deliberate review of the whole
Hungarian campaign and an anabsis of the
.characters of its leaders, adduced fron :their
recent actions, make the hkey-stone of its
failure plain-a total want of unity among its
master spirits and a wafnt of actual indepond.
ence of spirit among the masses. The people
clung to the skirts of their leaders, and par.
tizanship oversteppeJ .the legitimate object of
their strife and they foil, overwhelming the
true and the false in one vast abyss. The
rcvalution took its origin in an attempt to pro
serve llungary from the clutches of the Aus
trian lion. Kossuru, BE:, and GEORGY, led
the people on in the cause, Kossuth, aware of
the feasibility of the formation of a Republic
seized this occasion as ripe, for the emancipa
tion of the Ilungarian people from the feudal
vas.-adge, that bonilage of caste, prejudice and
ignorance, scarcely inferior to the yoke of ur.
rtal trranny, wrlhi l:l l them uenchained, and
to dleciar:e a Republbcan form of governmnent,
hi ; inig a-; a bsis siilar to our orwn, freedom
of speech, throu -ht and action. But, alas for
Hungary, son' of their leaders, although wil.
ling to repel foreign aggression, were still
loyal to the usages and mandates of royalty,
the aristocratic blood which flowed through
their viens could not brook the idea of univer
sal freedom, and in consequence they were
induced to lay down their arms and influence
their armies to follow suit, in order as Georgy
himself observcs, "to save unnecessary effu
sion of blood in attempting the establishment
of a formn of government repugnant to their
feelngs." The cry was that Kossuth was
ambitious to reform the nation, on the ruin of
its ancient rights and prerogatives; that he
sought to erase the Hungary of old, and raise
in its stead a New Hungary, with, new politics,
new religion, and a new creed, found ready
listeners, and the disunion in :eadership and
in the ranks swelled rapidly. until the prom
ising fabric of I lungarimn independence, was,
by Georgy's surrender, dashed to the dust.
It was unfortunate for Hungary that the war
wai one for nationality instead of freedom, had
their armies first ralhed under that broad ban
ner, had their leaders resolved on victory or
death in the cause had their sluggish Ger
man blood become once heated all Europe,
would have failed to subdue them, but intern
al jealousies, strifes and bickering among the
leaders for power. rirette:d the chains of the
Ilungarians. To Kosth was euntrusted the
power to act as he pleased, they were willing
to follow his mandiates, he w~as actually the
"Sutpremne Dictator of Ilumngary. Free him
self fromt all selfish thonghits and having as
the idol of his heart thne Freedom of his native
land, lie had implicit belief in thme patriotism
of Georgy. I lim he invested with the chief
taincy of the forces, in full and implheit faith
of his adherance and devotion to the cause
Georeyr proved false to his trust. Ihad he
had honor enough to haver dleclared his oppo
sition to the cause of freednm,, had he had
sp,:rit enough to have said he w~as willing to
lead their forces to battle against Austrian ag
gresmdon, but would decaino any further par.
ticipantion in his scelme for a Rlepublic, Kos
sutth would no!. hnre placed hms reliance on
thim. Loo0k at his actionc-he united wvith
Kossuith in the war holding in reserve his
imic1rahical tenencies until ho had acquired
a position to dictate to, and br.eak the power
of Kessuth, with the army and consequen"tly
with the peoplle, he throw oiy disguise and pro
claimed himself a mnonarchisa, thirewv himself
on the mercy of Austria, of which he was
well assured previous to the step, and betray
ed his people. On him,, and him solely rests
the shame of thne fall of Hungary.
I)h:Alocn.rrIc UNION IN Ncw Yonx.-The
Union ofn the I wo wrings of the Northern Dem
oeratic l1drty in New York has been consurn
imatel Iby thn niominatsont of so-ne Free-Soil.
ers on Ite lIegular I) iiocratic TickLet.
.:w.:h 1n ba;; adp-l wich i e;,ch w.ng ke'eps
up a G -; (ilnniinne to regulate' thir at.
i'rJ* Th' tihe ticket will succeed an:d be
er-at.io by an on; hehniing mnaua, us
Free-S wr oni .h" :1 ee will act as a lop to
s tha r ou.t-*cry. The co nol idationm tic ket
ho, attruck~ di ismay into thle whig ranks and
they are hwe~ing hmope daily. The State and
city of Newr York in the hands of thne Demno
(cr..t w i ensuire a Dem~ouratic Admuinistra
tion for the inext te'rm. TIhie great gain the
p:.r y lies miadeo throumghout lie U~nion douring
Ihe hime election will tfo some length, to heal
lhe anti-slave~'ry div isions oft the party and we
hope yet to see the great Deomocratic party
.ata id i united oni one 1p1atform.
Odr T1heo l'rcsidlent is again to visit New
York,accomipaniied by Mr. ,ecretary P'reston.
\Vhiat's in the winid now Il Does ho expect
hat hi~s presence will stimnilate the rank and
lieo of the Whlig party to extra exertiomts and
so carry the state, or is merely brought for.
wvard by the ofnce-seeking-wi.re-pu~hers to
fac Iil.tante t heir planus for thie future ! There
nm unimdounbtedily u-ome lhie ojmect. It is
rumon.:id lie v .aits New York ini order to con
salt thea connumiercial c'oimnnanity on the feas
ability of a war with France. Time alone
.,i . " a ..,
T 'dloouaf, a ci traveller
a it corrno igg to l;y.
Ccn'to lisod every!t 'q
the 5urcoof th: river Nile, mentioit his
D scovered near them a tribe oi
nbdaNnegcenjled Ohilanes, wh6'h4vN
a prolongation ftfhe vertebral column,
amounting to a.tal frgm tytee to five inches
long. The tribe utiinbers about 40,000, and
mnembers of it are slaves in the city of Mecca.
Their height is from four to five feet; their
bodies lean and weak; their arms long and
slim; their cheeks projecting; their foreheads
low and receding, their ears long and deform
ed; their eyes small, black, and constantly
twinkling; their noses large and flat; their.
mouths wide, with sharp, strong, and dazzling
white teeth; their lips full and thick, and-their
hair curly and short. They afford a rich
theme for the discussion of naturalists' and
Abolitionists, for in them we have the connec
ting link between the Baboon, Orangotang,
and Monkey with the negroes of Africa. The
formation of their heads have alwaye'assimi
lated, hands, nose, ars etc., also, but now we
have the last connecting link, the tail, which,
perhaps, has only been left off by some on
account of being out of fashion. Wonderful
are the discoveries of Science, and the old
heathen doctrine that, ADAS was a monkey
may yet be elucidated and established.
GT There is a report rife at the North that
Air. CAr.nouN intends resigning his seat In
the S:nate, which undoubtedly eminates from
the Free-soilcrs, as it woulc1 be preposterous
to belicye that, after so lengthy an nadvocacy
of the rights of the South, that its chmpion
would desert them, and that too, on the evo
of a prolonged and desperate campaign, per
haps disastrous to the best interests of our
EMIGRATION-The arrivals at the New
York Quarantine Ground, from the 2d of April
to the 1st October, were, one hundred and
sixty-!hrcc thousand, one hundred and ninety
three passengers; being and average of eight
hundred and ninety-six per day; being an in.
crease of near 35,000 over the same number
of days last year. At this rate America can
almost depopulate. Ireland and the Germa
nec States from whence the greater portion
of the emigrants cone.
[FOR TIE nANNF.R.1
i. EDITOR :-I had an Acre of Cot
ton I thought No. 1, O. K. And, to try
thr siniple experimet, said to n 16-vear.
old boy "Here is a twist of tobacco, l-ts
see how sooit you can pick over the
Acre." Tee ksult was as follows: 1st
day 224 lbs., 2d day 222 lbs., 3d day 218
lbs., Total 604 lbs. His breakffast and
dinner were cooked and sent to him. lie
only picked from sun to sun. We say
Mr. Cotton Picker, excel it if you can; it
will only cost you the tobacco and the
trouble of wveighting; and shiould you
prove a litile smartcr thn we w'ero' on
tha t occasion, let us sknow, through the
colums of the Banner, who you are; and
when we mcet at Philippi we will treat to
a bottle of good old Madeira and if that
is to pungent for y-our taste. we will try
you on ginger Pop, incorporate.d with 'a
little ice or soda.
September 25th, 1849.
T1he! communication signed "Loblolly
[Jill" was very unexpecte~dly crowded out
of our last weeks Paper.
No COUr A-r L A CENS.-We were
sorry to learn that JTudge O-NEA..t was
prcvented from holding a Cdurt at Lauh
rens thii week by the sovere illness oft
Mrs. O'NeaLt, who was taken sick at
Mrtanburg, hut wve arc gratified to learn
that Mrs. O'NCALtLr has so far recovere-i
as to be able to qtart on her way homne.
ward, and that in till prTobabilily there
will be no hiiidraaeo to the Judge' at
tendanitce at A b~beville.
[ Green Cille Mou* ntain eer.
On Friday last, a scene was witnessed in
our Court room, of rare occurrence in the
anrnals of our crimninal judicaturo. T'reo Fatha
ers, with tuo ons each, wore arraigned at
the Br-, immediately after other-all being
charged with ca-pitat Felonies. They will h~e
tried dlurmg thie presenlt week.
Other !.piial cases still remaiin upon the
Sessions Dachet.-E.dgeLeld. Adeuliser.
BEAT TurIs.--G. M. BLocxFn, Esg, a high
ly.respee.table young planter in our D.strict,
ifoiams us, that, during present year, on one
acre of land in a twenty-eight acre fiel, he
gathored 80 bushels of corn, and that from
the twevny-eighlt acres lie measumredl 1000
bushels. Why should our citizans desire to
emigrate, when, by proper culture, our hlans
can be made to yield so abundantly !-lbid.
TilE STATE OF IDESrER.-Trhis is thme
name of a new State--that is to be--of the
A merican Union. The Mormons of the Salt
Lake have organized a State Governmnt,
adopted a Constitntion, and will apply next
session for admisson into the Union. More
sensible than other fanatics, they have leit
slavery alone, and do0 not design to amention oi.
ther Wihmnot or Is Proviso. The Logisla..
turo, on the 3d of March, elected Ahnon WV
Babbitt a delegate and ropresentative in Con
SIsnUafta OrTUAnIv.-..TheO followving sin.
guilar onituary notice appears in the Athens
"lie was the father ofeleven sans--ive of
the sons hmang, mai~rried live sisters. 11: had
also one b u'i.~redl and eighty-nino great grand
chibiire'i; and at his tuneral, two wieeksi ag
last Sabbtathi, two horses were stang to doeith
by hees, and ainother camneat oighslf
by the same." ena oii i i~
learrn that dgarn
of a X ed t Oy h
a r ' tjtv - e
mi y najfat i r
frafltiOs too oftbhflat d
believe,-was a native
reareg bya fgtte Jathei%
where he latily spent somi~tjt -itii ai
He was in the 3bth yea got g g
At the nlection on .Monday qTd Puss,
day last, Major' B. F. Pew x;was duly
eleczt'd a'menber of the: Llauro to
fill the place of EnDantI ME EARLE, de.
ceaset. . hiere was a very. small. SQCe.
Major P. receiving -mostly al--a few
scattering votes were given.-lbid.
Jati. llfnNT.-The Mholiilo Register
informs its that the:Jail of Jaeknon-coun
ty, .Mississippi, was (iestroyed bytfire ort
the night -of the 30th tit., atimnded by
one.circurmstance of a most painful char
acter. A runaway negro was confined
in one of the cells. Mr. DAIYrs, the Jui...
lor, made several vain. aitenaso ach
the cell-door. An effort was d
to break the iron bars ofthe w
thb coil; but this, also, 'dae fur4 imp
ble; and the agonized speciat
compelled to leave the poor nOtp
fate. He soon expired. uttering t4Ii~nEr
heart-rending cries; and his re 8 wer =
entirely consumed by the flumes .
FATAL STEAt DOJLEIt 'EmLOSIo.-The
boiler of the engine of one of the downward
freight trains on the Georgia Railroad, while
ascending the up grade just. below Balair yes.
terday afternoon, exploded. cirfyinig away the
dome part of the boiler, acid so zeriously inju
ring the engineer, Richard T, Allen, one of
the most experienced and -cautious euineers
on the road, that he died aboit 7. o'c76ek.A
The two firemen on the engina Cktrn- -
injured. This is the first accident'of te kind
that has ever occured on the Road.- =tgus.
la Chronicle and Sentinel. 12th ilis.
, INTERESTING FRO3M CALUoinxrA.-WVe take
great pleasure iri announcing the safe arriv
al in the land of gold, of the party of young
men which left here in February, tnder :tho
lead of Mr. John Cripps. Letters have beern
received from several of the party. .iving the
particulars of the alventtures and trials by
the way, of which they had'a full share. lint
they all arrived safe'y,-the greater part be
ing at the date of the letterd, in Los Angeles'
anl the rest havinr gone North to S-n Fran
cisco. They were about six months on the
w1v-six months in the wildernes., the prai.
rie, the uninhabited 'mountains, the parched
desert--divorsified only- by various aorta of.
dangers and privationq, and not one of the-:
all accustomed even to the least severe of
the trains that beset everyday of their narch.
It is a signal proof that few thin!s are impos-.
able to youth, hope and' courage.-Char.
DIED--O.1 the 8th inst., near th[s placo
Mr.. Miserv G. Battner-r, contirt of Mr.
Wan. G. Barrett in thne 45thayear;of her ago.
of the Soptii Caroliian Tustituce,
For the P'romotin of -Iris. Mechanical lnge
niuity and Industry.'
tL~i The FlIRST ANNUtAL F.UlI orf the
abore Institute willit-a heiti int Charl-stona. r amne
meoucing otn'I tcsoDsv 2thhl November next, antd
contmnue cpent during the we,:k.
Spe.Ctcimns of ART I, INt'ENUITY, ME
CIIANI(AL.,Sh'llannd JIDU'TRVof ev
ery description,, is sult-ed nor the - labib-ion,
from all the South'r t sttes, aud Ptt-MIUMS
wilt be awarded to limose peencgiing the io.. spe.
As this is the first eilbrt niadie in the South
ern Sistes to adt-vance the Mecharnic Arts, ty
means of an Ananal Fair simil~r to these
thatt htave proved so bene'icial to the Northern
Mechatnics, the Board of M nwrs earnest IV
soicit the co-operion of a' whto feel un irt
tteet ini tihe prospterity ot thz South, anJ apa
pcal to every Mech1anuic, Manufneturer, and
all persons entgaged in puran itofskill :mnd in
dustry of whtatevar dlescriptioni, toi send some
speentnen to this Exhibittion, at] tht-y hope
thfat every district in tis X:nte andl of oi~r
maiter States w d1) be represecntedI at th2 Fair.
All these whot inter"d sc~!,:tg article--: for.
exhibiti, will pleoase~ ?;v not ice to (. M.
H AlTCHI, Chnair:oeny (C'.ormittee of Arrange-,~
mnents, at as etrly a day a-s potbile,,ndt cvery
Specien sent ~will be carafully attendedl to.
and returned after the Exhtibitio:.
WM. GR EGG, Presidet.L *
WVM. K [IK WOOt p', 1st Vice President.
WVM. M. LAWVTON, e2d Vice President.
)E. C. .JONES, Srcretary.
11. S. Gti( GG, Tireas:rotr pa. temt.
Josepth Walker. |C. D). Ca~rr.
J. HI. Tay!or- I F. J. P'orche'r.
W.G . Deatussuire. | C. Vt. tich-ardson.
L. M. 1I.tch. | Wmn. Lcbb y
Octt 6-5 tf
The citiaus of Upper, M31 iareL~ er
Slmare invited to Attende a n etn
at WVells' C'ross Roals con THIII$A\J th%
Q5:h inistant, to at. ont the r~eomnmenidatitii
ot the Coinmnittee ot Satfery for Enator D
trt, to raise anid ermttiit acorps of Cavalry
purepared for asctive sorvicet and! to wnetNy
emerg-'ncy yi hich, under existing circu;mstaen
tces, may- art-se.
Puife- spe' hi. will i edclivercJ by Ilev
'I1TO. Ri. lMNG~L~I anI o'ters.
J1. 1D. ASH1MoimK, - *
J. W. STUCCk-Y7
Ocet. 10th 1810. 51l
Capnt. J. B. N. 1JAMMETT is atuthnrnied
to act a Attorney for the~ Securitieuoi thne
Rev.. Jos me Morttan in M'Pptsing of the 8;cck
of Shoes~ &ce, of TPAn-T~rt.--.undaIr th:- ats:.u
ment; as also thae obtg clue thne .cid Tn.
TP. 3. COGH-LAN fnn Securitt3
Oct. 10 , 51 -