Newspaper Page Text
1 11. . f " . 7l. .
A' " v ttwestern fira nvj- '
of const1nipti are probakby
" *: " least 150 autA robned, uakir g
in all not 10i thia (3 i0,000 bals an=
nually *terl'up at home. In former
Years he consuwption of cotton in Gr
Britain was jbout three.fifths American,
y and tiyo ffth's India, 3i'azil, Egyptian,
and e .. oreii cottpn.. Th. propor
t of the lattoeris now le ts
"The whole quantity of cotton goods
Nn,'ade in 'he Union is estinatited at 720,
000,000 of yards, of which about 80,
000,000 yards are exported, leaving
640,000,000 for home consumption,
equal to about thirty-two yards to eve
ry inlbabitant, great and small. The
increase of the population, including
immigi ation, may be safely estimated
, '"; t one million annually for the next ten
years, which require 32,000,000 of
yards of cotton goods additional every
year. Estimating the average weight
of these goods at four ounces, or a quar
tor of a pound per yard, it will require
8,600,000 pounds of cotton, egnal to
20,000 bales of 400 pound each, to sup
ply this increased annual deman.
One spindle will furnish about three
hundred yards of cotton goods, so that
it will require nearly 110,000 spindles
ito be set in motion every year to furn
ash this increased demand for the annu
al accession to our population."
'The Memphis RItIairoad Conveia
MMmms, Tenn., Oct. 25, p. m.
The Railroad Convention met at 9
o'clock this morning, pursuant to ad
A resolution was passed appointing
:r committee of one from each State
represented in the Convention to re
port upon the subject of the Pacific
Railroad, and to prepare business for
.the action of the convention.
On motion, the committee from the
St. Louis Convention were invited to
present their views in relation to the
most feasible plan for the construction
of a Railroad to the Pacific.
Mr. Loughborough, the chairman of
the committee from the St. Louis Con
vention, then read an address, stating
in effect that it was their wish that the
subject should be held above all section.
al or party feeling, and that the two
conventions should cordially unite in
furthering the consummation of the
great object in view,
On niotion, the report was, for the
"j. present, laid on the table.
Mr. Whitney, the original projector
of the scheme for a railroad on the Pa
dcifo, was invited to take a seat in the
Convention as a guest.
Mr. Larme, of' Louisiana, offered a
series of' resolutions favoring a Nation
al Road and Isthmus Road.
* '' On motion the resolutions were refer.
TOd to the appropriate committee.
Mr. Smith of' Texas, offer'ed a reso
lution in favor of constructingr a military
road, commencing at Red Riv'er, belowv
23d and 24th degrees of' North latitude,
.and that block houses be constructed
along the route for shelter.
M.DeCr ow, of Loiiaa moved
- .toeappoint a committee of' seven to me
desirable informnation whkih camn be ob
tained to further the object of' the Con
Mr. Miles, of Tesas, offered a reso
.Jution in favor of a route from San Die
go down the Gi~a river to some point
between the, 82d and 334 degrees
North latitude, with branches between
the mouth of the Ohio andl Red Rivers:
and that Government be reqjuested to
* include the GJila river in the pro'posedl
survey, anid puarchaso~ such additional1
territory as might be needed in the con
struction of the road.
Mr. Loughboroughm moved that the
route should be so loce~ted as to give all
the States an equal participation ini its
Mr. Watkins, of' Arkansas, offered
a resolution affirming the power of' Con.
' ~gress to construct a roadl to the Pacific,
7 as a measure of national defence, &c.
An interesting debate hero sprang
up relative to the pors of Congress,
and the resolution was finally laid on
~A ,the table--the convention voting by
The convention shortly after adjourn
-ed inr the day.
Able speeches were made by Gov.
Jones, of' Te'nnessee, Mr. Yeager, of'
Mississippi, andi Messrs. Larue and
Forshey, of Louisiana.
The route across the Isthmus of' Te
imuantepeo received muclh at tent ion,
givmng some very able arguments. It
was strongly supported by Messrs Yea.
ger, Forshey and Larue.-Baltimjor,
Dwelling and Store for Sale,
The very desirable HIOU~tI anid I.O)T of'
18 acres, now accupied by Mr. 11. Skinnecr,
a beautiful anid retired rosidence for a private
family; and thme STORM1' HOUSEF, at preaent
occupied by Mr. L. B. HIauks, opposite in Mr.
Chmna's Hotel, a first raio busin~ess4 htand, are
n~ow in mar ket and will be wild lou..
Enquire of the owner at Rev. N. Grnham's
1ro3Mj T cD -csr, or of W. 1'. ii.
Your Excel eny is, no doubt it J a'i .
Furmed of the fall of my ouitry- ""py
Flungaryaaspredl worthy of a beter fte
It wao. not prompted by the spirit ofdisgr.
der, or the anibitious views of faction; it %i4.
not a..,4revolutiounary leaning which induced;
my native country to accept the nmortal strung
gle maintained so gloriously, and brought, by
nelarioun moans, to so tinlortunate an end.
Hungary has deserved from eikings the
historical epithet of "generous nation," for
she never allowed herself to be surpassed in
loyalty and faithful adherence to her saver
eigts by any nation in the world.
Nothig but the Most revolting treachery,
the most tyrannical oppression, and cruelties
unheard of in the words of history--nothing
but the infernal doom of annihilation to her
national existence, preserved through a thou
sand years, through adversities so numerous,
were able to arouse her to oppose the fatal
stroke aimed at her very life, to enable her to
repulse the tyrannical assault of the ungrate
ful Ilapshurghs, or to accept thestruggle for
life, honor, and liberty forced upon her. And
she has nobly fought that holy butt'e, in which,
which, with the aid of Almighty God, she pre.
vailed against Austria, whom we crushed to
the eart h,,standing firm, even when attniked
by the Russian giant, in the consciousness of
justice, in our hope in God, and in our hope,
tny lord, in the generous feeling of your great
and glorious nation, the natural supporter of
pistice and humanity throughout thau world.
But this is over; what tyranny began has been
by treachery concluded: on all sides abandon
ed, my poor country has fallen, not through
the overwhelming power of two great em
pires, but by the faults, and I may say by the
treason, of her own sons.
To these untoward events, I pray God that
my unhappy country may he the only sacri.
fice, and tlit the true irterests of peace, free.
dom and civilization through the world, may
not he involved in our unhappy fate.
Mr. Franris Pulsky, our diplornatic agent
in London, has received ample information as
to the cause of this sudden and unlooked-for
change in the aiflTirs of Hungary, and is in.
strutted to communicate it to your Excellen
cy, if yo'j are graciously pleased to receive
the same. It is not antip-athy to Austria,
though so well merited at the h:inds of every
IIungarian, Lu' a true conviction which makes
mne say, that even Austria has lost far more
by her victory, gained through Russian aid
tInn she would have lost in merited defeat
through honorable arrange;neut. F. llen fri n
her position of a first-rate power. she has now
forfeited her self-consistentcv, and has sunk
into the obedient instrument of Russian ani.
hit on and of Russiaii Comnnaens.
Russia only liar gained at this sanguinary
game: she has extended and strengthened her
influence in the E'ist of Europe, and threatons
already, in a fearful nanner, with outstretch.
ing ars, not only the integrity, but the moral
basis, of the Turkish empire.
May it please you, my lord, to- communi
cate to your Excelleney a most revolting con
dition which the Turkish Government, at the
suggestion of Russia, is about to impose upon
us poor homieless exiles.
I, the governor of unhappy Hungary, after
having, I'beieve, as a good citizen and honest
mar, fulfilled to the last my duty to mtycoun
try, hid no choice left te between the repose
of the grave and the inexpressible anguish of
ex itriat ion.
.Many of my brethern in misfortune had
preceded me on the Trurkishi territory. I fol
towed thither in the hope that I should be
permitted to pass to England. and there, un.
d~er thle ptroteciti of thme Entilisht people--a
protection never yet denied to perisecuteid tman
-allowed to repose for a while my wearied
head on the hospitable shore of your happy
Buit even with these views, I would rather
hive suirrendrered :r . salt to tmy deadliest ente
uuiy. t ha~n to cause any dillicultIins to the Turk
Ih Giverieint, n hose situiation I well kneow
how to aippreem;te, attd thierefore d11 idnt in
rud- iin th li'PTurk .--h tortntorics wit hout ptre
WVe roecie the assurance that we were
welcottie guests, atnd shuldh enjoy thle fitll
pirotec~tion of( his Mlajosit tho I'ausha. wvho'
wouit l rathetr sacrutice i50,0tt (it his owti sub.
juets, than allow uone ihair of our hte:mds to be
It wers onily upoen thas assurance tit we
ptased tuo thle TIurkgsh territory, arid accord
ing to the genuerouis asurance we were re
ceved an td tended oni otur journev, received in
Iddiin as the siultan,'s guests,' andi treated
hmospitambly during fouir weeks, whilst waitinig
from Cotis:anuntipio ziuriheicr orders as to lhi
continuatiotn of our sad journecy to soine dis.
t ant shore.
Evetn theo Ambhassadlors of Eiglandl and
Fraince, to whotm I vetured in thie namte oIf
humriatnity to appe-al, were so kind as to assure
tmt oif their fuill sytmpiathiv.
Ii .s Mlijesty, lihe Suiltm, w-is also so gra ci.
ous as to give am decied negaLve to t itnhit.
mi:ml tretetnstots of ouir extcraditin demiatnded
by Rutssia and Austria.
A tresh letter fromt his Mijesty the Czar
arrivedl inl Conistantitnieiik, anid its conisequenceo
was the t:ugcestion sent to uts by ain express
messetiger of the Turk ish Governiment, that
the Poles arid llunrgarianis, and( in particular
myvs'lf, Coiutt Casitnir lath iatty, Mitmzster of
Foreign Aflhirs of hi ungary under imy Gov.
ernimenit, an~dthei' Generamls Mlessatros atid Pere
zel (all presenit here,) wutuhtlbe sutrrendeIredl
uniless we chose to abjutre uthe fthn of our fore.
fatthiers ini the rel igioni ii Christ atid becttme
Mutssehnrens. Atti thtus five tho usandit Chris.
tians are pliendl mi the terrible alterntativo ei.
ther ot tfacing the sttadWd or of purchasiii'
their hveis by abanding i their faiith. So low
is already fallen the onice miiglity TPurlhevthiat
she ciii devise nut atheir mieatns'to answer or
evade t he deciinantds of Rmussis.
W ords tiiin meo giai ay mtheso nstontishing
siuggestion~s, siei hit as s:r h mve beeni oade
yet to theO ienu of a getnrous niationt, anid
coenl hiardly ha ve beeni expected in thle tine.
Miy aiiswer does not adhnit of hiesitationi.
Bit~eoi dleith anud sh-iune time chloice can i tnei.
thier be dubious tnor dilicul~iit. Governor of
Hnngary, atnd elected to that igh pbwe lby
the cotiiderice of lifteen t nuloins oit miy c(oin'.
trymenst, I ktnow weoll whatt I owo to thne hotter
of tmy country, overt in exile. Ev.eni as a pri
v'aio individuajl I have an honorable pathm to
pursne. Once Govvernmor of a generous coutn
try--I leave no heritage to umy chiilren--thiey
shahlI, at least, hi ve atm un sulliod niamtri.
God's will be domno. I ant prepared to de
butt as I think this mecasuro d ishionoraible amd
imjturiotis to 'mTrkey, wvhose interest I sincere
ly have at hteart, anid as I feel it my duty to
emye my oompanions in exile if! ca,a fr., a
e'"g" ! AgU4' hlye a pllled t% .
(ra i ,rfz3. !! naitnttory manners and
tub atiry i Ierty to ,apply to Sir Stratford
Caitming and'GcneralAupici., for their genbra
oua aid aaainstAhetyrranio ajit. In full r'e.
iance olithe: noble :ntlhiit and general
prmcipkles ofryone' Excellency, by which, as
well as through your wisdom, you hove se
oured the, esteem of the civilized world, I trust
to be the Grand Vixior and Sir Stratford Can
I am informed that the whole matter is a
cabal against the ministry of Rieschild Pasha,
whose enemies would wish to force imt to
our extnidition in order to lower it in publi
estimation, and render iniposlible its contiriit
mnce in oflice. It is certain that in the gratid
council held on the 9th and! 10th of Septem
ber, after a tumultuous debate, the majority
of the coumncil declared in favor of our extra
dition, the majority of the ministry against it.
No decision was come to in consequence of
the altercation which took place; :but, not
withstanding, the ministry thought fit to make
us the revolting snggestion I have named.
This mode of soving the difficulty would
rot, I am convinced, save the ministry, he
cause a protection only given, in contradic
tion of the Sultan's generous feolinr, at the
price of five thousind Christians agandoning
their faith, would he revolt.ng to the wv'holo
christian world, and prove hardly calculated
to win sym;pithies for Turkey in the event of
war with Russia, whicht ill the opinion of the
most experienced Turkish statesmen, is ap.
As to my native country, Turkey does, I
believe, already feel the loss of the neglected
opportmity of having given to iuungary at
least some moral help to enable it to check
the advance of the common enemy. But it
appears to me that it would be a very ill, ad.
vised mao:de of gaining Hungarian sympathy
by sending me to an Austrian scafyold, and
forcing my unhappy companions to abjure
their religion, or accept the same alter.
No friends to the Turkish government
would spring up from my )bood shed by her
broken faith, but any deadly foes. My lord,
your heart will, I am sure, excuse my having
called your attention to our unhappy fate,
since it has now a--suined political importance.
Abandoned in this unsocial lan. by the whole
world, even the first duties of hum:nity give
us no promise of protection unless, my lotrd,
you and your generous nation come forward
to Protect Its.
What steps it may be e.pi'dieet that you
should take, what we !i-vu a right to export
fram the we!l-known gen-:rosity of Engam-,
it would be hardly fltting for me to enter on.
I place my own and ny com:auniuns' fate in
your hands, my lord, and in the in,e of hn
inadity throw myself under the protection of
''ime presses-our doom may in a few days
be sealed. Allow mhe to make an humble
personal request. I am a mat,, my lord, pre.
pared to face the worst; and I can die with a
free look at Iheaven, as I have.lived. But I
am also, my lord a husband, son, and father;
my poor true-hearted wife, my children, and
my noble old mother, are wandering about
Hungary. They will probably soon fall ir.to
the hands of those Austrians who delight in
torturing even feeble women, ana with whom
the innocence of childhood is no protection
against persecutions. I conjure your Excel
lency, im the name of the Most High, to put
a stop to these cruelties by your powerful
mediation, and espeeia.l!y to accord to my
wife and children an asylum on the soil of the
generous English people.
As to my peoplei-muy loved and nuble
country--must shae, too, perish for ever.
Shall she, unaided, abandoned to her fate,
and unaventsta, be doomeiud to hter annihila
tion by. her ty'ranits! WVall lEngland, once her
haer hiop( not becomeif her consolation?
Thae political interests of civilized Europe,
so miany weighty considecrationts respectingr
Englati herself, atal chiefly the mnaintainaaace
of the Ottomnan eampire, are too intimnately
bound up withi the exisitnce of hilngary for
roe to bn e all hope. Atly lord, may Gu'd the
A lmighty tor roanyi years ~.aeld yoau,that you
inay longs pro:ct thea unfoirtauate, and live to
lbe ther guard ian of the right s ot freedoam and
hu'mne nityv. I subscribe miyself, with the most
perieet respect anid esteem-ii (Signed.)
Aso-rmn:n MUPDnt.-A froend in Loxinig.
ton iranibhes as the fol!awing' particulars of
a amost deplorable event:
".leamg:n I strict hans been, wit hin a few
days pas die 5. nae oft a imurdeor which thle
tuaae of ts pSlerpetr.kttion rendtters extremly re
vo~i mg. A am it by thae namea of liouis Stack
--whoi resides ntear John~ Comgler, somne thair
itntmilesi fromi Columia-i-of a dissipptated
< hanracter, bieingi with-'il strange and peculiar
in anay of his noasonis an:I :,ciitns, was mtur
da'red d1uring t he ni.,rha ofi the 31s of October,
by lil A. hliges, a r..si,, table citizen,
"S::ac'it was a arried aiaan, thae father of
severi ib ,:.hren andii his oi sever',! occasions,
uapoan lie deathI a ni biurial of a c'hibi, exhumed
the biody, ret:a nong it Several d *fy'', andi theni
mt'errimf. aga in. A dai u.'tr o'i his havin.'
recenut ly die:l iai Cohnnhmbt, was baure- there;
but S::,.:l, ii1 on at his 'al:! whi:mi, imn ran
jaeo u lh other pr-rso a,, dromve awgo
idow~tt to the grave, disiniterred, the, holy, amd
birouaght it up to is own'i hm ie--desg, .;t
iter it by thekt graves af his dep'lartedl chddr.Zt
"It a ppe'ars, aroma thle a mt correct sitte
aments giveni, (as the evidetnce of the personsI
ptresenut has nat yet been takein,) ltht Idges
was ait a nto:ghoorm bnonlt use on t he ro ad tin the
veing o the 31 st--a Mir. IlItiman's, sonme
Ishort bstanice oilY whaen lie tras senit for by
S ttack to cotmei and~ set ual withi lae corpse at
hits hiose. liet comphd wnh ti I thle re~piet,
aml was ac'oiapamecd t here lby a .Mir. ti ughies.
"On hs arri vil. hae was askecd ma and treat.
tedl very Itmtdly. it i.s thought~, tromn appear
antes, t hatki Sme k~ w Ls sotner-t bug It lhe was
then, ian the possess..an of hguior, :amd gi Cen at
oicht tumne t' dr.ial. -Nep laah n e' wa3 ex
'es hingi'y irritie andil insuilting. It. .iCeem.
.so.;e tiina:g mi ater, whenu .- t., ditthrim,
from 11 Id lg, het .imo vio. !y vexedl, atii
ed tty lle dges. Wh'lercuipon, s'tac i niutehi.
:to:y' spratn. tip, so.z'td upont at loadled giut,
anJ ma.tle albre't at hInto a sh ot liim. I'm that
'une, wtine, I loiprs muadeu tor the dloor: but, on
retreat mg oaut, auimg e tet!y ptre's.se by Sak
drew his kntif in e b dtOence, s' *,jd ap4)t the
gun , a vertiotg thIo miknzzle troml h bahotly, amado
severta I loti~urihe and thrusts a round with his
k mio to kejp lham f--th ereby iliet ogi sev
eral woiandls: one Cit whieb, strikintg aigainsqt
te let t ch beek, il etedl a flesh wounad, antthi
er severed the temiporal atu ry oin the right
templ~e, and thle thlird divided thec jugular on
the right of thae ateck-at deay wound--whicha
prostrated S tack fothwith.
"With singutlar presenco of mind, Ilodges
seed up the wouvld mQerig tlie jugular.
toeda , b ut b : oinshnd '
s3vera children. Mr HodogG -ai e eo
the Paliietto Vpluntoega who iues he..
memorable 'canmpagn s Ife o. '
settled amongst -e, wisi.efcellent cliarlc r
a good mechanic'of Industriot: habits! and
THE SUMTER BANNER
WEDNESDAI o NOV, BER7 S A ,
IrrRev. FREDERICK RUSH, is a travelling
ALent for this paper, and is authorized tb re.
eoive subscriptions and recoipt for tno sam.
AGENTS FOR THE BANNEEt.
ilfesare. WHITE, & Co. Sutntorville, C
T. W. PaGguEs, Esq., Camden, S. C..
Sons of Temperance:
The Quarterly Meeting of Suinter nivision,
will be held on THURdDAY.NEXT at 7
o'clock, P. M., in the Mlethodiet. Chunch in
this place. Addresses will be delivered by
Messes W. LHURLOw CASTOn and JozN G.
BOWMAN. The public are respectfully invit
ed to attend.
Charleston.-Prices from 9 1.2 to 11.
S1umtertille. ,8 1- to 10.
The Court of Common Pleas and General
Sessions commenced its.business for. Sumter
D;strict on Tuesday 6th inst., His honor
Judge RICnARDSoN, Presiding.
M.: Donsco.-The' horrible story of M. Bo.
disco's banishmnt to Liberia. a, been contra.
"SINGUL-AR I~eiaENT.--We haye been inform -
Ad that on Wednesday last, while the Stage-dri
rer and his only passenger were. making them
selves comfortable by the fire at the Post-ofice
in' State-hurg, the hoises in the stage. quietly
trotted off'on their journey. 'Thus without a
driver they travelled until they reached the, Rail
Roud Depot, more than two nilqs, whea ihey
hliled up to dehver the mail, altar having passed
lIarmless, a gate End several wagons which wars
in the yard.
CoURT oF Srsswoxs ax CIv ARLUtON..---Jam
Cantley has been aequitcd on hit trial for Arson,
Clarke acquitted of Arson has been convicted of.
Larboy. James L. Shoemaker, and S. C. Si
monas have been convicted of conspiracy to de
traud the creditors of slhoomaker.
GENER AL SiJEILDS, hams been again electod
to the Uniied States Senate by the Legisla
ture of Illinois. Sheilds received 72 votes
and CYEUs EDwARDs 21. There was a
warm contest between SnErr~ns and BREESE
in the Democratic concus. On the 21st ballot
ting Sheilds received the nomination by a
majority of four votes.
CoNsTrr7osAr. ConvEN-TON IN Krs
rLverv.-Thle late election in this State was
rendered douibley important in consequence of
an desire to revise the constitutioni and to
aboelish slavery. As the pro and coniof the lat.
Ier was the all absorbing issue, in the elee.
tioni of delegates, it so much influenced the
public mind that heretofore strong whig dis
tricts are rep~rcsentedl by Democrats, and a
and a greater number in favor of the presont
symntema; thus rendering all abolition notions
abortive. Cominag as this did, on the back
of the numerous aggessive acts of Congress
and cries of emancipation supported by Thios.
II. Benton and various other abolition satal
ites of minor magnitude, the South had evcry
theing to dread from the mnovemnent, but so pop.
ular is thme belief among its citizens, that the
syrmtem nw Wpursued by thorn in reference
to their slaves is the best they caa possibly
have, that aell attemtns to foster emancipation
twitheor at once or gradual, or to prevent the
importation of slave property from adjoining
States will prove ftatile. T1he state of soci.
et nsaeStamtes would almost solely put
atdposition which a whlite muan holds in.
complarion with those of the free States, the to
tal aibsence of those htumiliating grades and
convenitionaal regulations which thme inhabitants
oef the Northern States are so tenacious of, the
almiost total absence of poverty and the total
obliteraition of abject want, wvhich are constant
ly visible in the free States, all those combin
o re hel as strong pro-slavery arguments.
flut there is a very serious qluestioni tobe an.
swereJ, is thme Northa actually and heartfually
,pposed to the inst ituition I A simp le fact,
from u ndoubt ed autithority, will answer this
A S/:are-r brig mailed on the 22d inst., from
New york, on her third course, clearing us.
emuhlytr a chinia porte and freighted with
ibles and missioniaries, hut parovided with
Food mad conveniences of' runneing 600 slaves.
AXnd this has taken place in a city aend state
where free-soil hans been creating so great a
lu-t ais to blind the eyes of Justice. Even in
the largest slave community of the South, so
gross a violation of the laws would not be
idly winked at. The proprietor of this brig
with an ltalian-operatic name owns sev
ural inore, ana has been engaged in the nofa.
nons business for 15 years arid is, besides all,
a leading abolitionist. Look to it ye authori
ties of Gotham, or ~naybap Souath Carolina,
fev Mr.Xt mn M uachsetts made a. e
9 ata speQklroniMi..Ki to
h uchfof cotithe libjectsof Sjtherakii.
atit tionswa e M As wtordsi.re
"epdch bye f$en, the Ailerien. Aoveig
menirao ithirng Dverght ' eprqsEit
it as much as ycou pipaso fore.w t hae .beWe
done extend tha empire of slavery into,
new tatesei, p not, beloved Azneriuda
but'Enaproach, if you yI ( rginia, South
Crolina or Georgia. .1epronch us iot as a
a people in the mnass.*' VYy goodMr. A.
but pray w)o introdteedlnr jintoVrgin.
Ia, Carolinas otc., "were not( touse rhis own
expression,':tibse brave spirits who,-friom
Lydon' in joiand, and from the chalky
cli.of England, crossed:the ide p eea to
find an asylugpi for freedom-freedom au to
civil rigts freedom to read the i:ble, fre.
dem to woishap God coiaected wiatl it. .He
had better'otrlven to relievethetsfbject alive
r of tiousandaeof whites aho now. suftbr
#pprse thart thraldom in the prison.factories
of his own Statte.
Psuxoxxox.--Tie Charlote (N. C.) Jotar..
nal says:-Oute Wdoes'day ifternoot, last, about
three o'clock, we heard a report like a clap 'of
thuander, and thon a rolling lake its dis ant tenor.
borations. It was heard by a noinbr or our
citizens, and we have see several gentlemen
from the country who also heard it-one says
there were three distant reports. The direction,
of the phenomenon was frum southeast to south
westa What was ii? 8wme seem to think it
was a meteor, and we sujppose.it was, as a htuck
man described it as a ball of fire. We under
stand it created a great deal of alarm among'
The same Phenomenon was observed (or.
something vynty rimilar to it) on the samn, by.
day many cifizous of this. Diettict.-[Es. Da(E .
Prospects of. Cotton.
The following extract forms the-conclusion
of a long article on the supply and demand of
cotton in the London Commercial. The pros.
pact which it holds up,of firnness'if not of an
advance in the price of cotton, is indeed cheer
ing. But so much is the price of cotton in
fluenced by various other causes, especially
political events, that tqi predict ,with any cer
tainty, the rise, fall, or' firmnessg( the tinr
ket would require thegift of clairvoyg ce if
not of prophecy. .
Estimate of the BroCK OF COTTOs 4 a Te.
BRITAIx on flecenbser 3l:189.
Stock, Sept.1, 1849 ..717,400
Add imports for four nmonths, -.3i,b4
Total supply -; . - -
Deduct : -
Consumption for four
-months, ,. - 525,3(1
Export - - - 6. O,800
Stock of Dec.31, 1840 - - 444,150
"4 1848 - - 451L940
"18417 - - 5V5,790)
"184!) - 1,055,270
"4 1'45 - - 897,060
"4 1844 - - 784,710
"4 1843 - - 501,430
Aeording to this e'stimfate', the stock on
theL :)lst December will be only 444,150 bales
at:-'r the largest crop on record; but It mnust
be borne in mind that this is on the assump
tion that the forth coauiug crop wrill be as
large and as early as the unprecedented crop
of 1848; that the conasumption of the last four
months of the year will lie less by 15 bales
weekly, than the nyerage of the eight months;
and that the export demand widl be ennifined
to the limited quantity of 18-48; all of which
are assumptions whichI we fear are too imuich
in favor of the stock at December 31. Agm
these facts become further elucidated by
time, the estimated stock at that date will of
course lie subject to correction accordingly;
and, in the mneamtimne, each person: may apply
his own views on these unascertained'poanle,
in order to arrive at a conclusion. Important
as we feel cheap cotton to be to the~ comforts
of a people, anid the prosperity of our trade, it
is inpossible, willh these facts before us,. to
entertain any hope of a reduction of present
prices: it is tlitlicult not to apprehend oven a
further advance, unless indeed the state of
trade should becomec such as Ihuere is nio rea
aon to fear, as long as food is abundant aind
cheap, and employment as plenatiful as it is at
this taie. We d'o not fear the ell'ect of spec.
ulation,that w~ill retard rather than accelerate
higher prices. We look only to the supply
anid denanid. These are elemnentaboyons the
control either of Liverpool, on the one handl,
or of Manchester, on the other hand. Forci
ble attempts to alter the nrstural consequen.
ces of these first cenuses, 'eithecr by speculation
or combination, alwnys have a tendency the
reverse of that iintendedh.
By Telegraph for Charleston Courier.
DArT!3oiE, Nov. 4--10 A. M.
Arriral of tlae Hibernila.
LATER FROM EUROPE.
The British stearh ship Ilibernaia, arrived
at Halifax on Saturday last.
T1ile Liverpool Market.
Cor~o.-The tranisactions in this article
contiinted to be mn a very excited state, which
wa~s rather increasedl by .the advices brought
by the steam ship flibernia, up to Thursday,
18~th uilt., wvhent the news by the Cambria
wvas received, .eausin~ a subdued feeling in
the market, and on F riday, a slight decline
in prices was establishing, and the sales of
that dlay wvere loss than on the previous day.
'There was no material change in businiess
aflairsain Eniglanud, since the sailing of the
last ste amer.
Sale to Foreclose a Mortgage,
On Friday the 233 inst., will bo Sold at
Sumter Court House, four negroes, via;
Drius, Rose, Jenny and Tom, andF one sorrel
Mare. The atbovo property to be sold to fore.
close a Mortgage given: by Wnw A. Blrock, to
James R. Brock.
JAM R~ T BROUK More'ged
Nov.O, 18 .
oilbrad in i . wn vb~,
spectfully 9a~ csttft f' ',
and the -
detsld b hua o ~h1,
y irnducements tO p yi: , *.
d~On.Cs4l and" e aM
FON. SALE Ch
this ofico. - }zi'
ALot of NI ZE M ES ,'or- l s
Steel Bead: Bags. and IKi Q0
Nov 0LAKr rrta.
At the ai$f lt i
COLUD RZ in S' x
spect. Inyporte r oIbE I 0
a thery, Gims &and dealersF
Vrishes. Window Gla G r es
are now receiving their full suppl
above mentioned articles, .,,amri ,
largest assortment ever off'erd r
which they will sel at ,Extreme
fo- cash, or on short credi o'
tomrers. ' .
STCountry Merchats vrill in
assortment of Hlardware , ad
trade, at Chiaosfon drives. -
Columbia S., C., Nov6;1849."
A full, supp just received by (lid4atUi
hers, consti n part-of SPRINGS
AXLF .tand FINE IRN:n
fta r with a coiplete to pnnczuaL
6omrs at"r I
asre, constantly oilrhdiardtd ',
t~adeo, the CharlestonTaes
hHER & AGN\EW.
Columi' S. C.,'Nov. (,1849. 2 ;t
Just reeivd y urecent arrivals. ufrom -"
verpool a iomplete assoi-tment. of. ib d
Pocket C lery. DIuble and Si a 16 # 1 .,,
Shot Gun , comprising ain E"xteninye aisort :,:
ment of t e above. namued artic es,;ohwt
regard t quality and price.
Brass anders. Andirons, Shoves and
Tongs, Fan :Bellows, Hearth Brushes,
Chimney-Tap . p,&c.. Those in tapt of such i
articles ean fi a: large,. Variety for., sale _
moderate' prices bb
, FIA ER & AGNEW
Columbia 8. C., N f 149. 2 St.
Haidwabre n !ard iMI
a omplete assortment. oF ,a~ and
Pc-ets Cnviry. Douce 'a S es~W
Shot eus, coyphes, ing-saa, ii-Etero6~wt
nestofhie abov Augurd, Bech imod Mih itl
'reared t uiy aetned Bprie. Clohs Bir
liopDrn, a~nd Cas ASteelp m oBa and
wichai they wil elloaw th loeathmiuhes
FISHIER &A GNEW..
ColumbiaSC, Nov ~. 6, 184 0. 28t
Thl pesosrigdns epcosnyo nt he
Ea cte MrtnN o. RtAC Hiteersm
terp Diric, aretiid S to Thand.the in4.
whiopey attesel; and the lowetedrkto
olumia N, 19 2- S
A sal lo NSotiCe, OO
Lieos aving d~Ems, whic ff
E~itte f M'~.AN the signh fte Bot~u
Oct 30, 1 . tf
AImPRl oEDou ENDlfS BOH~ANo
Alldesonwsing t08ihe ae Eoevatora
lgen for cah. itito utrSC
Suctervl, Ot81189 1
Allovidence Lasndh above Elets
Thn e suledteSubscriberofesfrSl his ath.
tion near Providence containing from 90 to
100 acres of good Cotton and provision Land.:
Of) the premises are a comfortable Dwelling
House, Kitchen, Barns, Stables, "and other
necessary out Buildings. This' place is con.
sidered one of the most heahtful 'situations
in the district. To an approved purchaser
the terms will be made accommodating. For
further particulars apply on the premises, or
EDWARD M. BIURCHI
Oct 30 1 4t
A small pie bald 11011k, principally
white with chocolate colored spt' of variota.
sizes; a deep uiunk in front of N ethers;one
fore hoof slightly npliti and a netfast on .his
back. Any porson forwarding' the some to
me, or givimg mae mfacrn~atienthat may l0ad to
my findin~g him, will be rewarded .for h a
W. '1. NELSON.
Kingstro Oct 25, 1849. 1
over Shoes for ladies and "gentlemen, Alimss
India rubber B1uelims~, for Bale by
Oct 22 52tf
A Nice assortment otSpirit.
gas. Iluump., Also, the Spirit-gass.
F'or sale by iN~
Oct 22 2
10,000 SEGARS for Sale by