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Presetutaeat of the 0ra214 Jury I
OF SUMTJ R DISTRICT, FALL TIitM,
The Grand Juy: of -SumterDietrict, for
Fall Terin 1849, havig inade inquisition in
to the several matters of public interest sug
gested for their consideration, do herewith I
accord in'the following presentment:
From as careful an investigation as they
could institute into the state of public ollices
of the District they have every reason to be
gratified with the manner and condition in
which the Records are kept, the business
been transacted, and the requirement of Law
and duty been met. If there has been any
unusual stringency complained of in the prac
tice or proceedings of "either" of our "public
oflices," they have certainly not been of a
character violative of Law or Duty; nor such
as properly come within the province of this
inquest to reprehend. To this general approba
tion of the condition of our Public oflices, a
slight exception might possibly be taken to
the police of the Jail, which although much
improved (as the Grand Jury are induced to
believe) from its former condition,soneyears
since, of greater neglect, is nevertheless (like
most institutions of the kind) still of a char
acter not exactly in accordan'e with other
benevolent improvements of the age. As the
result howeverof all their inquiries, tie Grand
Jury believe, that they may saf'lry congratu
late the District, on a well ordered condition
of the "Public oflices," and a fidelity, ellicien
cy and intelligence in those who occupy therm
unsurpassed, as they believe, either in our
omn experience, or in any other portion of the
'State. While directing their views to subjects
of local interest. the (rand Jury would inci
dentally bring to the notice of the proper au
thorities, our system of road-working gener
ally-oppressire, onerous and unjust as it is
(to the planting interest particularly) -im
perfectly and illy attended to, in practice
neglected crrry where,anl totallyinadegnate
to the purposes for which it was instituted.
But they would more especially invoke the
attention of the State, to the present coidi
tion of the Road "across Vlance's Ntcanp,"
decrolred as it has been, by a Resolution of the
last Legislature, on a small portion only of
the people of Clarendon to keep in repair, at
an expense to them of not less than a third of
the amountof Taxes now pail by the whole
county, into the treasury of the State. 'I'ho
impossibility of meeting such an expense, not
merely in labor, but in the cas:h, required to
supply timber, and reconstruct 1lridges (to say
nothing of the injustice of the itapoaiti'n it
self) must necessarily cause a total neglect
and abandonment of the 1toad, with aill the
expensivo improvements on it; and tius de
prive also a large portion of the citizons of that
county, of their on1l convenient accts to a
A greivance so obvious, anal arising as it has
done, out of the action of the I, egislature it
self, in closing up the old rooad anal riik ilg
such inprovenents on th e new.. (as were in
themselves injudicious and e.viravagant) and
which are certainly not within the conpeten
cy of that portion of the county to keep mn pre
servation ought in the opinion of the Grand
Jury to be instantly red ressed.
As another matter also, of deep interest to
the District, they would allnde to the condit ion
of Wright's Bluf; beleived to hive been
marked and designated by the :anharities of
the State as a "Public I aning" atd a right
to which was supposed to have been vested in
the People by Legislative sanction as weli as
accrued from prescriptive us~e; hbut which ha:s
lately been cliaimed and mecasturea aby opprorai
ated as pnrvate property. As perhiaps one ii,
the largest and most convenienat l'uihii L.and.
ings in the District, and from which as many
as ten thlousandl hales in a single seasai have
lieeni slipped, any obstruction to the use of. it
woulId ciause a red iux of a largei portio of~a' oiur
pirodluce, at a considerable rost :and satcruie
to miore remote and distant ID)epo'.s, hoth fron
our homes and a inarket. Th'le Granad Ju iry
would therefore earnestly inavite the attent ion
or the several "Boards of Coninissioners of
Roads," the Court, the Solicitor, and dhe Leg
islaturo to abate an evil of such import and
ma giit ude.
in the two last yeairs our Lacal Taxes
have (collectivelyl) very nearly cqialeld thle
amon t paid by this ast rict (du ring the
same period) into t he statat Treisuirv-- Th esr,
the Tax for thle repair anud imiprovemienit of
Public Buoildinigs, hias prob~abv forianal the
heaviest and noist conisiderabhiti le: n--In view
of a burden sooften reenrrninZ, sol in:'onveniient.
ly I orn, and so ev ideitly I~abila to abuse, t hie
Grand Jury would respen'tifully reconiatenda
(without initend ing, h owever, anyi retleet a n on
tha' past) thaot ther "'Coinissainers of P'ublic
Rluidingrs'shiouhld be appointedl tu ler treae re
5aspnibility to the will anal intere~st ai the I'eo
ple--As illustr ative of thle nieiessiy ut so:iio
change. in our present systemu of ~r'eairing
and imuprovmgn tahe Pulicu l iags of theo
.District, thle Gr iad Ju1ry would rmnaruk-thati
notwiths.tanding the henavy taxat in anid ex.
pendituore of thle last few yea r, t ho Jail andi
all its appu rtinanices, are Ia r lhe most part ini
a riinous, dilapiated---:ul :ianen tloa:hsom--:a:
c iidition--theC Sherif1''s 44tlie'e st i!! need~:liihe
additions atnd repair recoauinended. bv the
Grand July tat thea last spuiing te rro, the iaort
I louse, althioutgh dlirec ted by the pia'lm -i
Judge yet remiainiing uneiarpjeta.!----:ad thIa
Grand Jlury Roomi uinpoidled enn ithi
seats for the arrnoainiii)Il '0aa of the' Jlar:.
These defects the G ranJt 1 Jr woulda r an..
cur withI t heir piredecessa rN, in recaiioinend
dng, to be instant ly reumediedI--timprisomnene t
ii-ni a coniiion jiail foar the hpaion tatof mailita.
.rl/y fines, the (Grandl Ju ary wvouhi re. pot ful'y
.represent as a hiarshi anid /ammiliatinga punlji.~h
tooent; dleragatory both to the pride ot the citi
zen anda thle spairit of thle sobbler. A comn ..
tation of t his penalty to extra rout ad tilan
othier pubilic duty-where there was an b
viouIs inabtilily to pay thle lineiO-wou ldh seemii
to be a inore consistent, anil peaaps piuito as
adequate a remedy for thu dau~itlt.
There is certainly tno portion ofC ur St ate
organ intion that thle Girand J ury woulad ha:
more uniin~ Ihg to dleprecia1te, or' att a hedl a
ntighier valuhIi)t than our Milia Snystemi. Bat
insitanices of thlo chiaract er al/m'/rad toa , hiave:
siometimiesi occuirredl (and ini aar aowni l)istrbi).
to adhow the ncessity of saomsuch iiiadtia..
tiona of the Law in this respecct.
.Thq Grand Juary wvoul hIma suygest, that
it shoul be in the powear of thet ".\ppa~rovina
O)llicer"' to remitt finesa il exc'.'autions:, :at anly
tmo aabefore collhect ion"a--oan tae shiawinia a a
goo:l and sufliciont exensai fair lhe delimpt in
cy chiarged: anid ihat. all such remaissiaans, wit bi
thfe evidence thiereon, lhe reportedl to his supe-c!
nor mi commnandl. IProahibit ions s'houli d alIso
be proividedl to be gratled-t-until apal s (cala
be madiue tot the same.
TIhae progressive tendener oaf thae evil (in
the oapinion of the Grand Jury) 'mills fair so1me
other severe and drgramdinr infliaacains, in ad
dlit ion to the pen~alties noir in iorae, lor' "illicit
t afliu"' with Slaves it is to hie hojiet i. t
Mtato iinitentiary system, (without abolish- r
ng capital pniishnient for capital crimes)
vi' l-sooh, in the wisdom of our Legislature,
te established.in aid of our existing code of
In view of tho late attempts by secret em
saaries to disturb our domestic institutions,
he Grand Jury would suggest that some
>rovision be made, to, provent escape, ('it
:ases of sedition) from capital inflictions of the
haw by forfeiting the rocognisance,
The Grand Jury would also present as a
grievance, that the existing law prohibiting
slaves (except, through the agency, or by the
authority of the owner) from hiring their )a
mor to others, isgrossly and habitually violated.
I'hcy womld also suggest, that female slaves
be included in the same prohibition and that
lhe present law be so amnended as to secure its
In reference to the several subject matters
herein submitted by the Grand Jury, they
would recommend a Dijgest of the Road Laws,
the Insolvent Debtors Acts, "die Law and the
Statutes" in relation to "Slaves, "Incendia
rios," 'Seditionists," and "Abolitionists," and
the Jurisdiction of Magistrates; and that after
being revised and approved by the Legislature
or "its conmnissioners"-that they be made,
by special enactment, the Lar(f the land.
In the very valuable compilations that have
bieen made by'Jiudge O'Neall and others, on
somie of these brainebes of our "Statutory
Laws" there is nich to commend,-and very
imuchI is that indispensib/', both for reference
and informiation. But they are believed to be
1 t I wanling in Legislative sanction, both to re
vise anl:l enforce them.
In a D;strictso extensive as Sumter, and
c:np)osed nas it is of lrie large, separate, and
distimct coulnties-it is believed that it would
f r;ilitale the business of the Court-as well
as acroeniodate the convenience of the peo
ple, if the two weeks of the Session (now al
lowed by Ltw) were divided respectively be
From the great ma.s of business which
usually encuimbers our dockets-anl from the
reloteiess of inany of our residences -from
the seat of jtstice-the present arrangement
01 ,'en ('x:.ct an entire absence of two weeks
(roin our hsom,'s and our fami/ies, in a weary
Ing an impautit attendance on cases, pro
tracted from te- in to term, and soietimes from
itr to year.
The iunltiplication in the practice of our
Courts, of \\ rits, Charges, anI Costs, against
I'rncipals, lEndoriscrs, anl Securities severai
ly,-where all hlie parties concerned might
jist as well he embraced in the same action
is certainly an one'rcus and useless increase of
the expense of Iit igation. 'T'he ('fleet of this.
construction of the ee Bill of 1'27 hia been
(to a certain extent) the,- e. crcise of a power
of1 Leg.slat ion over the Cost s of L it igation, the
Ixpenlseis of the Court, an'l the Emoluments
of the Prole.s-iotn. Iii the opinion of the
Grand Jury it has already in:uiifestel a dle
presssinig etlect on lnutst of the business tran
sectia of thlie District, by accumumbitingv new
anl inmecessary charges awl annoyances,
tending to repel the confidence with which
rueni have hiiberto entered, into obligations
for each other. 'I'h'v believe that the Fee
1.l of 18'7 should he so interpreted or ainen
led, as :o apply to all cares of hi;dorsement or
Security-as well as to ".loint and Several
Notes, itunds:, and other Obligations." The
ILaw in reihtion to Credit generally admiits, as
the Gr.md.l Jury believe, of too Much latitude
Ev ilence in relation to debt is perhaps too
eas-ly adimsi=;rhble in all ca rs. But in the inl
sliluhness of our mcagisteriasl jurisprudence,
it bcecmes a scou rg.; of the morst op'pressive
eincracer . 10 eni in our in ore enilihtened
coudirts ot jusstice, the iprincipsle which has to a
conisiderabl~e reient obitaiined---of allowing
:cwcrchiati to ('char.e one4 iiain iupon thes~ order'
sof anoithler (unlie ihe ti'tgenlcy (or thrictn y to
dos so tc lm dprsved) hass bcomicc in (e:tc an
my a.lal oine ! s a fraudutlen>t initide of tracn.4:r
ing rs sai iigrmahdtoag lc
isnc notla ic, possible 'thiat lie greate'st iinno
conc itelcn sneemlully113 conten:1, nor the
wiest pirecantiioni aid~~ thsemc. lii iiost cases
wheni thle inai paitude~l of te interest involcived
sdoes not lead to the absoclue nlecessity ocf liti
gat ion, rights are abalnhmed ansd i'njustice
subm:ittedI to(, ra:the'r t ha ci naintcini a conttest
oni suchl iunesipial grounids. It has ch-ecwhere
we bsel iome bieni Ithe wi sinit of thc e a ge to
restratin raithir than stiinuilate the Ioose ten
dencies of? thie ierte li system (pirine as it al1
waycs is t' run inito lI.c'ntioIust~ileis, niese atc I
excess)-to ele~-e rathier 11h:m1 to cipen the
daii r sf t igactcin' to he stan/atbi v, aridities
lihe mcerebaiit sir!Ihe shi';i:k'''per. A recu rrincce
to the' uidd anlt sale cc ilinciin Liv w piric. of
"'riequliiin th ilisimonyic of a dlisintierestedl
wite c tisubstanltjicte ilci val~liitv o il uni
w.: ien contracct or obL',a;i ca," 'would per
ih ps h the bst :uicd inio-t practical ustce of
exl ~trsicn mrom thle errors of ouir sitattry
crvsin n this rcsncct.
in reitinti~. pi'ahltis for the p'rformaince
of jury dty -dbv~i.us y ex~inculabe from ill
r~.ss, accilt :;t or ac u rit he;r unal~vi,:ilcbl cauce'
as t hey~ ilieuc a re--~'hie Grand .insry ectieemc it
bth~l a grirauice and an ini'cnsstenc'y that
lice dIiischarg from fiues of ihis itcrcter
c-houhll nverthchl,. he ahr':,y3 accompnied~li~i i'
:m ider to' pay "c'osj"--;c arcly'!~ ls-s irk'
!cauitha thce liw ir self.
e'Ii xcus d~ ; for a del impienicy of lhich
thIe icourt pcrofecoscllyi regar~ls thie ick-rson
tcarged acs mnl' r-ni cr irrspshc ie--...:ciil ast
til c s .cice titll'ic to 'cills~Ii lci c as it ry ig gvct
"s he cot'"s ofl1 sut"'-uic certi inlyts revertinig the
lcd r-estabshed, i xi imst ofsour jusri5sprudel5nce
addi Ii diuad acid lcrte echiitcIl ret'~lcsit~
litig:mc'n-'---tr wonhiil thee ieemtti to Ibe iomiihl
rn-i is thus connuitog~~is thce chaim tf tics
1-uc/dlic cff-ri into lthe list lue,. stiri anid ien~i
liiorte Siiill:iriy dcitarida of ii the l rontfuit djcf_
Ii cost-s anc I ciirs in tichi case~s mslust hac
pmdt e shouhcll het dl'rayvecdier h'v thei.
State te.:iw, ih in byV t c ize;ttytnj;ialy ex
tetuwdc tr hisi loniict',te icr nusiiuii.is'.
Th'le reverl oft this prcinic' s.clmcoi facil to
b lt aLIIs atn antoti nc e t o th Iie ichi..---aiinip
thce smicrkery iof iacyc ts thce iihgiit ctr tun.
Al o I icb is respeiclly sinhmiittecd.
(.-peticc'c) .hcitN P. H~i lt ia ascs, Fo'tren.!isi
1i' A bLyi Say' it is not what we'c earn~i, but
what we save lhat muak's is rKih. It ist not
ulni t ws' t';t, buct whait wei ites'tt, that mcaks
us. iit i iot what wes rs':td ic t whaiti we( ire
membeicsr, thiat comklc'- us leacrned~. Mil tis is
very simph-l,, bt it it wth r emembii~icering.
(One of thce moutst inoted gambuhlers in San
Franicit'sco( is said to lit ai Spanciish wIoman.
Shie ha~s been'i kiiowni to put1 upj 25lbs, of'
goih dtl t ia itnigleu stakect.
bsneiien mad r'cen~itly, to set lire to hlouJs
ini Chiarles.'toii. The i incend iaries have
not [hcon ticbetnl.
HE SUMTER BANNER:
Oumternille. Z. g.
VEDNISDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1849.
07Rtev. FBDERICK RUsH, is a travelling
gent for this paper, and is authorized to re
.cive subscriptions and receipt for tao same.
AGENTS FOIL THE BANNEt.
essrs. WHITE, & Co. Suniterville, S. C.
T. W. PEGU ES, Isq.. Camden, S. C.
Charleston.-Prices from 9 1.2 to
Sumtervill.-Prices from 9 1.2 to
CoTToN.--During the first part of the
week, the market was active, prices rang
ing from 9 1.2 to 1Octs-owing to the
English news of a fall of 1 1 6 ct., on
Monday and Tuesday cotton brought 0
1-2-A larger quantity than usual was
shipped last week per R. It. in conse.
rinence of the rates being lowered to the
Ti LATE PaESENTMENT of the Grand
Jury, which will he found in another col
umn, will well repay an attentive perusal.
The times call for action aind the spirit
breathing throughout its length, will find
acquiescence in the bosom of the reader.
It points to the various amenable offen.
ces, most readily seized upon by the dis.
afTected and calls for legislative protection
for discovered omissions.
i We are forced by the favors of
our advertising friends, to spologise for
the scantiness of rending matter. We
are now manking arrangements to enlargo
our borders, so as to accommodate all.
We flatter ourselves that no paper ir. the
state can present so striking an example
of public favor as the Banner does, with
1G columns of advertisements.
G G. F. ToWNES Esgr, who has
for the last three years so ably filled the
editorial chair of the Greenville Moun.
taineer has retired, his post being assum
ed by Mr, W .LLs, the publisher.
A PRECIOUS RELIC FOR SALE.-The
administrators of the late David C. Clay
poole, (says the Baltimore Clipper,) 1Iie
erinent printer, who recently die(d in
Philadelphia, aged 93, advertise to selh jit
auction ont the 12th Febhruary. Thei Orig-.
ial Manuscript of Gen. Washingloizs
ValedictIory Addrcss to theu Pecople of 1hec
Unite'd States. TIhis nlape1r-in tihe hand-l
writiing, and bea ring the signature of
W~zalhinagton-....was presented by himt to
Mr. C.laypoole, the thenr editor anid pro
prietor of the "'Daily Advertiser,"' which
G.azett. sGen. WVashington had selected
for its first publicaltion.
N :w EsTrEnrut~z.-The merchants oh
Genaoa are contemplating tihe establish.
menti of a Iline of steamrers ti) Aohile, andi
ha~ve recei ved Cecouragi~eent fromn thie
at te r cityv. Ther litre is to havye Chargres
as its te rin11us. Ther .\lobile lIe rald and
T'rlibune corntairis thie first annouinceercn
ini this c unt rv of the scheme:
'T, iAiobile it will probmaly, inl its re.
stalts, ihe moure imrportzant tharn that of thre
Royaml We st ind ia mnai I linre. It will af
ford at onrce~ the meitans of openring ai di.
ree't rtrade andI a riuore constantU itercom.
munrricatin wvith a setioni ofl.Europme wvit
wicht we harve heretofore had very l ittk.
itrcourse, It will also be~ of great ad.
vairnage to New Orleans. Ina that cit s
arnd AMabile threre is ai large Itnaliran anti
Spanlish poprulartiorn, whlich is annrrually in
creaing. tby thre arrivals of irrrnigrant
Ut~ It is piropoised to apipiy to tire I jYgih.
lture to inrcoirporalte anr AIan Isss ci-: N Co
niow thiat bothI ~\C r sexe h Lv tdien to stanrdinig
AsoNi r :nr Wr trr.an.-Theii editor a
th lert~ i i--nIt nrist, in anrswer to, thre qureries it
a cnore wpondernt, gZives thre ftollowinag for
wh itewv.-ah We ih ive pubbishedt a goot
rnmy roeiies for t hai prurpose, bunt bielieve we
have never pitubbihed thItis. lie reconnrnerndr
it :rs rio it excellenit, ars a checapj arid durahkc
wah:t fir woodrienl terries andl buddhings. Ik(
thmkits that it oiwes its durrability to tire whitt
irtiril w.hich it cainrrs.
Ti e a lbarre atndl silke a bnishrel of frersh.
Iy burred hoi' in it, byv covermrg tire hmit
woht bo hng w.iter. Alter it is slakedn, adi
coild water e'inoiigh tot hring it to thre c onius,
terrce ori goodel~ii' w inar. T1heni Ehl uile iii
water. andi addi onle p roth of wtve vit riob (sil.
phrate ofi zinte) anil tine qrrart of Iinri sailt. 'Tc
give thiis washa a erenn color, ad onc hamll
jioiitit ofi ytelbsw itchre, iraniowder. Tlo g'ivc
rt ai fawn col ior, addt otne touirth ofi a pion nd oi]
Indtian r redl. Tio rmae a hrandisomein gray storne
ciolior, aind one tortnh piorund of Indml n redi. A
dlrab~ Ilu itrl libe adae by~ aithilngr' oine bali
jiuunrnd ot hornt riiennaii, mt1 l inrthn pondtt
if Ventit iianred. i''or brick o stinrire, intstetil
oft tine biruthel itt iin, nrro a halfI bushlri 01
lime anal hiait bi.he of hrydrauic cemienat.
'PTere are W4 aillrent piapers publlithed in
TPexais eqiaml to one for every N000 voters. Tlhe
press iof TIexars is geinrally well condueted.
The Florida Indias.
The latest intolligenco inford us of Gen.
Twiggs' arrival atTampa Bay, when?' -te
met some &0 or .60 Seminoles, brngbj it
them three oftthe murderers and theiihnd or
a fourth. Sam Jonesinmade hi appearnce
the cotincil, but did not tako part in tjpr.
ceedings. He is represented to be a fine
looking and venerable man of tall figure,
about ninety years old, hair perfectly whjte,
and walks with a staff abount ten feet lopg.
General Twigge addressed thmn o - ,tilie
subject of removing West. Assunwha, the
principal chief, in reply, said he would rath
er be shot-ho was old and would not leave
his country-that we have had no cause to
complain of the Seminoles A few bad
young men had broke the law, and killed some
of our people, but the Seminoles had brought
them to justice. The chief said he. did not
expect to have that kind of talk. Bowlegs, a
tine looking man of 40, spoke strongly against
removing, and said that if the Americans ever
after had cause of complaint he would be the
first to ask to be carried to Arkansas.
When asked if he would receive Wild Cat
and the delegation from the West, he said
emphatically, "tell him not to come until I
send for him." It is evident that Sam Jones
and Bowlegs will prove too cunning for us at
negotiations; the outbreak, we surmise had
been long hatching, but broke out rather ear
lier than the master-spirits intended, and
they are now sacrificing some three or four
of their infatuated followers to lull suspicion.
With 500 warriors they can give us great
trouble, and will do so, unless we are as de
cided with them as Gen. Jackson, was. At
Tampa Bay, unless Gen. Twiggs takes pos
sessions and establishes a line of forts across
the peninsula to the Atlantic, they have great
facilities in obtaining supplies from the neigh
boring Reys, and they may have now, as they
had during the fornier war, active Spanish
and English agents to furnish their munitions.
They originally intended to drive the whites
out of Florida and to collect all the Indians in
Georgia, Alabama and Texas and make a
powerful settlement, and with piratical depre
dations for which there are great facilities,
and attacks on neighboring states, they hoped
to make tfiemselves a formidable power.
This may be the designs of the present lead
ers. Florida can never prosper until the
Seminoles are beyond the Mississippi. A
little decisive action may settle all amicably
Ts EXTRAVAGANCIES OF FAsnroN.-Love
was called the blind god by the ancients, but
romance is now-a-days set aside and fashion,
the blind goddess, usurps his place. The la
dies not content with wearing a certair. un.
mentionable portion of male attire, now take
to standing collars and neat little wrist bands
saucily cover their dainty hands, and open
fronts to their dresses make a tempting dis
play of frilled and tucked shirt-bosoms; ena
bhing them to make choice of the best of their
husbands or brothers assortment. This is all
fair, and to mnako the old motto of "wh'lat's
sauce for the goose is sauce for the gander,"
true, we propose that thc gentlemen shall
take to short or long frocks, and appendages,
wear lace and straw bonnets,e'hewv tobacco
and take to crochet I Wdl our lady friends
encourage our endeavors to ameliorate the
forlorn condition of our sex.
FA~n OFFEnI.-IheO SOUlh Cairoliian pro
poses to furnish their daily containing all of
the proceedings of the L~gislature, for the
Session, for fifty Cents, or the TnI-WEEKLY
for Twenty-tivye Cents, containing an abstract
of the Proceedings of both Houses, Messages
&c. Persons wvill thus have not only the
benefit of a report of the proceedings, but
also of cuirrent ntews of the day, for the time
bieing. Trhis wvill embtrace the President's
Me sage and the early piroceedinigs of Con
[ir (Our deril says that the ladies have
longr been known for their standing c/v.ders, so
the assmntion of anI extra price of linien is
A Railroad Convention, attended by a nu
mer ous delegation ruim A labanma, Ueorgia,
South Caroliina and Florida, will meet in
Montgomery on the first Monday in D)ecem-.
her, to consider the pr'ject of a Ralroad from
P'ensacola to that place.
Th'le Methiodists in England have deter
muinedl to erect a college in one of* the most
vce.ius anid destitute portions of London, for
lhe gra it ious edutcation of the poor, in whtich
cause the Wesleyan Methodists have, for
soeyaspast, beeni extremely active.
The twelve large manufacturing establish
ments1 at Lowell employ a capital of about 13,.
t0t00 of dollars, at preent owning 48~ mills,
with their apipendages, such as 000 hoarding
houses andl other bu ildings. The total num-.
her (of spjiiles ini operation ;i o,000. VTe
piresen~t nunber ot operatives is about 13,000,
of wvhom 4,000 males, and 9,000 females.
Carlifo~rnia, gold, it is said at the Philadel
phmia mint, contains 10 per cent.silver, where.
as the act of Congress admiits but of five.
rThe process of separation is said to require
muochi time and to rotardI the coining. When
lie gold froni (ahfornia lha3 been reduced to
stand~ard weight, the rolling, cutting, and1( ad
justintg of~ i. goes on at the crate of about S$110,
0(1 per (lay.
The "Tlelegrafo," of New Orleans, a pa.
per in the initerest of the Cahpta in Gbeneral of
Cimha, confesses, that of the $1'2,000,000) an
niaal reventue of the Island of Cuba, only $1,.
500Q,000 goes into the treastury of Spain; the
ba lance being retiniredl mainly for the purpose
of keeping up the force necessary to prevent
the Ciubans fronm toriming a govermbnent more
congenial to1 their views an d initecrests.
Thelm Mayor of Savannah, has appinted
Th'lursday, 20th instant, to be obscrec a'
dlay of Thanksgiving and P'rayer ini that city.
Saniieh B. Massey, Eog. lhas been elected
to till the vacancy ini the Ilouse of Represen
tatives, occasionied by the death of T. ..
WVrirh, of Liaer.
New Yorfs the Democrats have elected a ia,.
)ority of State 9 fo rs, and overal. their
Ji~dgef ~ return foqmbe .
sembly, s farjw received; shows te in
of 40.Whigs and 00 Democrats. In tlaat
Assembly, in the same counties, th*ree 'was
44 Whigs and 12 Democrats.
The returns f'rthe Senate, as far as re
teeivod sloiv the ele'etioiof 12Whigs and15
-Democrata-same as last year.
- In the New York City Council,jiore is a
Whig majority of 9 on joint balloti tbing 12
less than the Whig majority of lastyear.
Thomas Carnly,-the whig candidate for
Sherift, has a clear majority of 2,044. The
whig candidate for County Clork, . W;.Rib.
let has a majority of 1,042.
In New Jersey, the result of theelection in
this State for members of the Legislature is
Whigs, 10 29
Democrats, 9 29
This shows a majority on joint ballot of one
for the Whigs-last year the Whig majority
was 20. The Democratic gain in the popu
lar vote is very large and it is believed that
they have carried the State by a considerable.
From Massachusetts, we learn that Briggs,
the Whig candidate for Governor lacks 1200
votes of the number necessary to constitute
election by the people. The Legislature
however is largely Whig, so that his re-elec
tion is certain. Palfrey, Free'Soil candidate
for Congress, lacks 3000 votes, and there is
no change in his district.
In Mississippi the Democrats have triumph.
ed. QUITMAN is elected Governor by a large
majority; and it is claimed thaf the Demo
cratic candidates for Congress, in all the four
Congressional districts, are elected. This is
a Democratic gain of one.
Ex-Secretary Walker, (Democrat,) is sup.
posed to be elected Governor of Louisiana by
a small majority. There is no change in the
Congressional delegation, one Whig and three
Democrats. The Whigs, it is probable, will
have a small majority in the Legislature on
The House of Representatives in Mich
igun is considered doubtful. The Senate
is democratic, and Barsy the democrat
ic candidate for Governor has a large
majority over Littejohn, whig.
Another Variety of Cotton.-Col. Seawell
has sent to the Memphia Eagle, a sample of
cotton of which the editor says, "the staple is
fine, heautiftil and large." Col. S. says "It
is called the Golden boll, and is represented
to be a native of the interior of Central Ame
rica. This specimen is taken from a plant
raised in my garden, of which I have some
eight or ten. The Soil was rich, but not
adapted to its culture, being too wet. The
average height of the stalks was about four
and a half feet, planted four feet apart.
"The distinguishing properties which char
acterize this description of cotton, are its pro.
hific production, the long silky texture of its
fibre, and the natonishingly large size and
great numbter of holls; Eeveral of the plants
had fromn 120 to 130, of which, from 00 to 80
were fully matured, ten of which, beine fre
qucntly tested by the scales, weigheX four
and a half ounces of seed cotton. Those bols
that did not reach fuill maturity in size, all
opened, and are yet opening, yielding cotton
apparently of as good quality, but not the
same amo:mat of the early bolls.'-A ugusta
Chronic'e and Senin(1cI.
THE LaADIEs' WVORST FxNEMiEs.--Your
bitterest enemy you have taken to y our heart,
and whyl Blecause lie has gratiflod your
sel f-love. Know, that flatterers are the worst
of traitors; for they strengthen your imoperfec
tions, encourage your extravagances, correct
you in nothing; but so shmadowv and paint your
tolhes and vices, that you will never by
their consent, discover good from evil, or vice
from virtue. .Banish, then, the flhtterer, and
welcome the truth-tcller. Though lie speak
sharply, he loves you the best.
The Mississippi and Atlantic Railroad
Mass Convention met at Holly Springs on
the '20th uilt. Delegates were present from
Mississippi, Tennessee, and Alabama. Ex.
Governor Jones, of Tennessee, was chosen
President. Variotus memorials were read and
addresses made rela'ine to constructing a
Railroad fromt Memnphis to intersect the South
Carolina .and Naishville Road, amid also to con
nect hiolly Spring with the Memphis and At.
lantic line. The convention adjourned on the
afternoon of the same day to meet at Mem
phis after the adjournment of the Paicific Rail
road Conivention.---N. 0. Picayusne.
I10 IOMEousriav.--Mlessrs. Rood and Roul
stonie have just establishied a ropc-wahk in the
neighiborhiood of the city, and are doing, we
art, pleased to learni, a good businesa. Trhey
are runnimg twenty spininers, and conivert
weekly about fitteen tons of hemp into pack
ing-yarn and rope. The cotton presses here
prefer this rope to any made in the WVest, and
are now using it. Th e proprietors intend
enlarging their works so as to enable themi to
-supply planters with superior rope at lower
rates than they have heretolore bought at.
T1his estabbishmnent is three and a half miles
from the city, between the St. Stephens and
Creek roadls.-Mobjie TIribune.
A NFEW War TO PAY OQin Dots.--Mr.
RI. W. Walker, a representative to the Ala.
bamna Legislature, from Tuskegee, has given
notice that lhe wvill early in the session, bring
forward a bill authorisimg the State to pur
chase i1) negroes, to be sent to California to
work in the goi mhines, and the profits .'of
their labor to tbe devoted to the payment of
the public debt of Alabama.
A L.AnAtA SUoA.--Major Jeremiah Austill
heft with us yesterday a sample of' sugar
made(1 on his ph'antationi in Clarko county. It
is of a bright lively color, finely granulhated,
and although but a little over forty-eight hours
out of the boiler, is sufficiently dry for use.
The Cane in Clarke is turning out finely this
season. A large portion of it will be saved
for seed, and it is expected that the amount of
stugar made there next year will be no incon
s:derable item. WVe have observed that the
cane raised in our vicinity this season is un
usually large and wvehl ripened.---lIuid.
tr1rThec Kcoutse (Picketns) Ocnmier says:
"Col. Grisham has sold his lands in this Dis
trict--1,000( acres-to a company of (Ger
Fxob e i steaner Uantarc a
arrived ostqn o e lOg0 inat, having lest
Uierpof on tia 27tof Otober. We asks
be foi fng aszinntajy of rnews.
R enlar4edy the: toI attitude of
n d. En a 1aaQ*pressed a willing
tt~ flsllt'"with Turkey, eith"
t av t ure am.This is the most
prudent course is the Emperor could adapt;
but, at the same time, itis ahumiliing ,ow
toIiuksia.-cong, as she did, fresh' from t!
field of victory in. Hungary, itisivo e: '
The Pope had not'yet retirted ''to rdo,
and it was reported that a.Neapolitan Army
of 18,000 men had arrived at, Anditdois on
the frontiers.of the Roman States, and that
another corps of 14,000 men was expected to
The cholera had ceased in Paris, The,
movements of France in relation to Turley
appear to be unanimously. approved by the
people. The Frenah fleet, was under 'weigh'
for the Derdanelles. The 'English, squadrohl
has left the Adriatic for the neighborhood of
the Derdanelles. TheAustrian fleet of frig
ates and brigs, has also sailed. .At. Sebasta
pool there was a Tarkish squadron of 26ves
sels, only four hours sail.from the Bospherus.
The Emperor of Austria has ordercd.the ex
ecutions of the .Hungarian officers to cease, in
consequence of which the tiger Haynau has
resigned his post.
In England all is quiet and prosperous, and
in Ireland a better condition of affairs is appa
rent. *Mr. and Mrs. Manning have been con
victed of the murder of Patrick O'Connor, and
sentenced to be executed.
The new Austrian Minister at Paris has
rendered himself very unpopular with the en
voys of the other powers, by his overbearing
M. L-imartine has received a grant of a largo
tract of land situated in a fertilb plain, within
a few hours' journey of Smyrna, and forming
part of the domains of the Sultan; and that
M. Rolland leaves with Ahmet Effendi, to
take- possession of it in the name of M. do La
martine, who will himself arrive in the course
of next spring. It is a gratuitous gil, of the
M. de Persiguy has returned from his mis
sion to Vienna, to ask for the remains of the
Duc de Reichstadt, in order to have them laid
by the side of Napoleon. The Emperor of
Austria flatly refused, on the ground: that it
would not be becoming to remove the son of
an Austrian Archduchess from the side of his
Disturbances of a serious nature took place
at Rheims on the 21st inst.
A considerable movement of foreigners and
ultra-democrate from the departments is tak
ing place towards Paris, with what is not
One hundred and sixty Hungarian officers
are expected to ship themselves at Bremen .
for New Orleans.
There is said to he everp likelihood of a
largo portion of the Prussian people emigra
Ling to the United States.
Klapka, the heroic defender of Comorn, has
been received with transports by the people
of Bremen. bytepol
A petition has been presented to the Em
peror by the chief magnates, praying his Maj
esty for pardon for those H-unga-tans who
have been amenable to the laws.
The organization of the Austrian atmn is
gomng on with great activity.
Colonel Forbes, on Englishman,smid one of
the leaders of the Roman Rlepublicans, in cont
junction with Garibaldi, has been ordered to
Orders to a considerable extent have witfin
the last ten days arrived for immediate ship
mnents of lead to St. l'etersburgh.
The Berlin correspondent of the Morning
Chronicle states that a meeting of delegates
from all thd central democrat ic committees of
been Germany will be held in London during
the ensuing month.
'Vie ilungas ian Crown.--According to re
ports fromx Pesth the crown of liungary is now
in England, whither it was sent by Rossuthi.
Sxemere was in league with him; and on miak
ing his escape from WVidden executed the
commission of carrying off the crown jewvels
to London. This statement explains the re
port that Szeinore had stolen some very yal
uable trinkets belonging -to Kossuth-a re
port which, from the very comnmencemenlt, met
with no credit.
LATER FROM Ewnora.-Thie A merica
arrived at IHalifax on the 16th bringing
one week's later intelligence.
LIVR~rooL, Nov. 8.-The Cotton
market is depressed, and a decline of 1.8d.
in loweor qualities has taken place. Other
grades continue unchanged. TVhe Comn
mittee's Ofieial quotations at the close of
business weore as follow's: Fair Upland
6 1.2. Mobile 6 1-21. Fair Orleans
'63-4d. The sales for the week amounted
to 42,000 bales. Thedemnand for Cotton
hath for Speculation and Trrade liad de
creased. Rice 14 a 20s.
TERRIBLE STEAMBOAT AccIDPENT.
Onte lu ndred & Sixty Livecs Lost.
NEW-ORLEA~~s. Nov. 16th. p. m.-A
terrible steamboat e.'tplosion took pace last
evening, on board the steamer "Louisia
na,'" bound to St. Louis. When about
starting bor boiler burst,' shattering the
siteamers Storm and Bostonia, which were
alongside, and killing many of their pas-,
sengers, as wveil as her own. The Louis.
inia had a large number of passengerson
board, as well as the Storm, wvhich last had
just arrived. ,
Captain Kennon, of the Louisiana, ar.
rested, and held to hail ini the sum of 8,
000 dollars. TPhe explosion is attributed
to the careless of the Engineer, and a
searching investigation is to be had. More
dead bodies have been found, ar.d it is now
thought that not less than two hundred.
persons have lost their lives b~y the disas
A case was tried on the 11th ins~t. before
Judge 'Tront, of the Court. of Common Picas
of St. Louis, wherein a mneamnerist sued to re
cover fees claimed for services in ministering
to the disense of a colorcd woman,' by mes~
muenismg her. The number of visits alleged
to have been made wvas over one hundired, and
the amount claimed for each ,one was #2.
After many objections, crosa qestions, and~i
arguments, the case waa submitted to the
jury, wvho rendnrej iudgum nt for Jh& phititl