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DEVOTEI) TO SOUTHERN RIGHTS, DEMOCRACY, INEWS, LITERATURE SCIENCE AND THE ARTS
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V0 L) 0 . SUMTERVILLE, S. C. DECEMBER 12, 1849. NO. 7.
NLIro Ia) !ir ~ Ii s..iI if
S(it line.; or .'. O4 w fi.t-hr-I *iti
Wlii. o' iunm eof inso'4.tw 114' , i 114- in~rko'il
oI witiil onr.I' o 14) tl1i-olim4td
thtds l~ for p ii oi b i i rlit irti . \d '
M- l letl 0, by c 1 Iw lo Ill
.A entfr vflpttit t' wImpe -4411 :i i
Nor hv t s bcti millt f r vA!tp l for .,w f
'P1WI' FORi fur ll l1,NiI ~ l
Messrs itdb' Cor. C.i~
T.W '.IUSC etii. ti kll loll, S'~;t.
Pass llj 11(
Nor in tic 401 for w ot !
Pas, oat-the poo and L. invi I',r ..tt : ki l,%%
W it ' m1 usic, liV tilt.al liat Welt li e vi tL;
Why's, atild thw atiit;l4) ;qiihi % at w14ii
oftId W i tiI whu :gn t'er.; 1-i :\ 11111A ~ ut's.' '
aser o llis. wret Ate lti t .lei Wl
I--1 speak n1)ot ,l (ti'lt'tlr
$4 ll~ I li Ild) a d c'*'* l 1141evi
PaI o ..ts 1 n t r tis ( 'sl wstic .,it,%*;to i
t WlY litg tita le ui w.11. 4.
house. ll wil smelw Ilot til o e is.
wei ul arec ai ' o h theii . vs liec~ 'P '1 ..'olfl
uar~~ i ll ie hiiit4 M io't wie 0111 tiii i j 13' 3)4
Wor'tldi .1 1134 ) ver .vh liclt y rtoaiaij i Ii 'A
io i'e i i ii oi l 1, mu. lii i ', , 3141 j1 -
IcAll I itait i '4is We ila (A ivreti we1
np'It112 t1 shel 14w i'.a bu 11.4 II!
A)I*.~c iii autelii V 4-A141 w 4hore
11IN4i ToLwtuEjtl utc (Tic
14'tl spea notli (it'(4 ti ' Ofii t1iJItv l t.4? 'l
f,441 . I-t 14134 '. 4. '4i' j.,: L!4414i1
It'll~~~~~~~w 'l11 tl4 w41 .hI~ itttb ..u
BiLiIWAtA N'1' I.I'A'iE.-lcdexc
tLii~IL'IL;I -11' thuhby WiliCh tile
irliniil ecaL.pes froml IL seciiii, v hiopeless
llilelllI1a1 is Avortih all tile, %'k'stilililts o1
dg''iit Mhich (It(-- woild ld It %V.
Olis ircwliiit.1.4 Ill I'l'ai-tee, Mlhicii1 Col
Vli'ill' li'l- % to .1I thir I Crsou . 'It is
~~L.'l'1 ;t~~~ i.' tile. rep'Jly, 'Ilat -o(m
v c I. Sr II ge %:1
:e.i.!t il hit,: :lial, 1110 a lcui~ iiiii i le
Vetti;,Y ti (1,_ll tialyi'~ i leo 'lorpi hi
sill'' lt' iie (, l itihl ji ' . ''r y sir"
I;T .114 iut an. oJui hlfy ArcI:L :6i the
S11tere (it' wo tas 'Ail I ee-ai'
IiiI ii ~ ' L h l 11 il''a u i i
tiiu:ia'h h ill Ul alily M~ll tl4i, Lll'
&A wit Ili:; ) Iwe fI, r i l eve ill
'it i 'p't.i; . l A i ('v~w in' iiiit ii
ill'IA Ia a:A ii l il a tthl i 'll.I till1
biIt you*~ her. Mr v:1'
I. 'll t li I i'le ii liii browl 'i.''' ltt''
~lt'i,'W hat'll1 lite
Ii- 1111! ll ii i tlt briL I At~
i AtII 't i il i
vv~i silIt~ i i I 1)-v il!1tila l Ils
\\t~, th All si N ii I ittiaw
il l' thi . 1; (t:.:,; :uillter - th ilt- ti let
Wi e.1 i l !i1tii.tiit lelt it titt' hut'
iii ii ~p' - . - usi j t l.il it
Wa'C.3oiofti s! ith .i''41Till V lil!
%%i. -LasI wl d y IcL'h ; t x it '
ti' ill' \\' I~ti Il ti- -i t I In i V S(J t t I
WaSi i t "441 -i~ th a rcAs $I l IP' VI.ij1", dcii l vt -
tit~ z 3 i'C : VtC5 h illd a l y v Illl..ii b
'Sit,1 .11 L-111 with and as le
hpl) On I :1talc~ ,1tt'~ okt cvilt
C 'II '~Ofl ~ -uihegi t.. 't'i'. vit i4
Ii ' Ii ~al t'jutcl u p tu i 211 tics .of
lii l1(othe 1: 011 Cc1"1 love. Il u'S
Ai.Prs~tt s u 1- w- vin t'
T:MiERANCE IN WIN.s COUNTRitES.
-My observations in France, as well
as in Germany and Italy (says ]IhIr
bin., in his '"Obiservationis oin the .Ilis.
tory of 1'roe"), satisfy m.1e that the
people ill wie-growing couitries are
imich more teiperate thn in the INok.rth
of Europe and in America. The com
mlion Winles which are used on the soil
that prodniees them do not intoxicate,
het 1nourIish, formliing a1 Irage( iteml inl
S-a in the plllimia or the peasant.
When le goes out to his daily toil lie
en 'es witlh hiin a loar of coa rse black
bread atil a1 canteen of wine, al these
refresil and s uttaini hini: he rail'dv
tastes inii't, litter at114 cheese. This
eiln inairE snakes a1 part of his rea1k
I'ast, of his dinier, and11 of his evetili
ileal; mi costs hii, perims, two or
~itree& cents a he)tib, if hie inu ebatSe it.
It is thejuice of the grape, not deri
ving. its hinly or tatet h:I an infuilsion
of* pir-it mnd siflcomlbinlationl of drus
as In (l- contiitry2, but rom the genial
soil and beeificienit stiu. The trith of
What I aive here said is supolIted bV
the gneral reinark, that 41 - ikeitmess
is but sim seen in France; and whenl
it is, it does iot prceed froin tle utse
of theW c111n1tONin w ine which elnters so
larely into the susteiaiice of the peas.
an1trv :nli connnon people, but froin11
hraiidy and foreign wines, partictularly
tie HirSt, to tih alhreenCltS (Ot which
tle har id-worked and closely confined
nechatiics, artizans, and dense actory
Popilulations o the capital and large
towns are particuilarly exposed. I atm
obliged to believe that the use Oin the
soil of' anv itative wines inl anly couintry
is coidueive tI health, clIeerfuhIi-s, aluI
tempeI Iranlev: -).:I il m az equally con
vinced, 1i1 't f11 aI wines ath, i::
ilS ili a ! '.10 - . H. ' : .
had einet, .1: *' . iio Ited : I
tisii ill 'i . . Anmerica.
There is-I .reat diferenee between
the power - - a ice a1-2
\% isi.1ni is, -' . -
with pract I
fl tliat Ihuhl i n') tal iil w ititeve
lv o a lir 1 Ilc With Clc itt
:Mol propiety. utier the .aidiance of
a ki:,do f i tie- Tieea e hII -
S.),is aO." S.'Cl to stlliti t' l k lu re
g o1: I lck, ill 'i, the lihi4s.l e sh s .
Iit the e-iie-l'ee lit*,- every- thllii'
It is 111t -SSent1 .ki t i the h:ippy n114n
tLhat the shI-lt bIe h11e luxury of1 Ihe
t.. t'l e ift s itale iAf Viml uisilrid ll ie . -
T hn a ' el;' l its )llIt Ilite ;It; r tu n
hu tE r: b 't t i I:e heoart. It is
n~uwsorle, atd a.h1 rt heart
whlic: iui:ol hi 11-'11w that S.%eut ! ;rldise
t S I Afme Ws L:: t" h.:- Thre i4
ra 0- :t, he: irt fe , y t
-i e . is ili tIhe iitoi) S liij ist
]' li of* wealldl .111 re11lte lt -
\ a* , It a i1icturc has tril s givell
W -r ' Uie '' . tipe tttag r to his
al- Wer the 10"ms '1th dio-:
-- \ 1,., Ir, " oy- -r- .1i v.!-w1,
no o ene i d h t amri. tniber
Ii' 1s12 II'w :2 ill! j"2 'h. ll , li e. se. ic
reileu.. havi~e the faclti iif extrai~ctii!
fjis- im rint evt fitili! totitt i he:tiitiil
andi swect: i4heriS, like ti'heLee, will
:ti2l' lh-ir houill sItllrei2 iii w'uieli we
.A '11!1 ibl n1. stue t e'tlel i e I'mi}.
The cheerfulii heart, lif~' the. hlcideu
i. ag iectSti. 10V u't isirlt if iitii
an't fe ti v-!. 52 it"St iil i
(i~ ):i -lisuTi i - l, li t li lla l .. - e
hab1 ii a'of chobtt *'ifl-ii\e i th oeui i n
si haLesit vi-nithei nit iif the.-~~i
The lc e t ~ oI b3, il bus,.1 t~e 4.,d t I, th
aintill errie to tbe us.--liyen ci oted.
Wit osle, <i ibiren lit in alk onak de
geopd ph;.sio a nr51eceiy, and iif nit
fti tfptiti4 liyive~ evi, ohu vf in g thae
may adatme, theat --iows is tie mther
ofuue inischeif." ,ihi lren suhh ba ens
teurageud, ot ifindl~ eebci. diilie
xcoxsr-:NV0E1S OF GENius.--Of
the relations ol authors to social lii'c, of
their habits, 11ttinannls, dispositionls in
society, as coitrasteil with those dis
phtyed in thicr writings, a great deal
that is ilte esting tinight be said. A
naui 1 letters is ofteni a mani with two
Iatirsc',--onie a book nature, tle other
a hin nat lre. These two often
clash sadly. SencCa wrote iii Iase
of poverty, oin a table forned of solidl
gold, with two inillioIS (I 1I-ouds let
out at usury. Sterne wa.s a very selfish
ullmn; yet a wr ier ui n1 xc' 1 e lle'td r1 -atil s
and charitv. .ir 1lh:ird Steele w rote
excelletIly n ei! tll tMill crai.ce, whenl
lie was C0be'r . )r. d1vhnsoU' eS s sVia s
ot politene N were whiriiable; y vtI iis
'Y4u lieir.' and4 ' Yu don'2t uitiler
Stand tit, ,iiestin, Sir!' were to Colo
tiinin characteriis tiCs of his collo lnies. -
lie a:d I)V-. 'htL 3h1 T Te were I I tithen
sioted at tie same time. Tl repoert
illin-dautely floew, tlhat thle king haIlil Ilen
Sioncd two4 bas, a Ihe-1cara 1:111 a she
bear. Younlg, whIose ghlooniy fituey
(ast such s"inibre till.ns in life. was in
SoPciety a Iri-k, lively In4ani, coitinually
pelting his Larers witlh lmeriIl us.
Mlrs. Carter. fresh from tie stertn, dark
gna hiller of tle Nig Iit Thoughts, ex
pressed her :azieument at his Hippaney
.313,' sid le, ' thiet e is mtuch dif*
f'erencee betwceen writing :and talking.'
TIh sain poIt'S favorit 11th e was the
ntin3i3es 4.1 ni ly thiings; his fa
Vorlite Ipurs1iits was na uk atl riches.
I lad firs. Carter noitieced this incogru
ity, she tight have added. '.Madain,
there is um1lCll differenice between wri
itg dilactic ye!ins andi living didactic
itns. ] ac'i, ti C St Ck1ispreilel
;vo :11'd fr .:rd- .Inlodernl inl
!A walb:a of the mnost
' ieV t d 'wickedly
a:-C 0plfl ' Leo
a :' e. n . el his art, init
ith wugh it is Iar
(_t .n. tinportanlt that bie.
longs iti .t True, the prodction
-f ideas must ver s'aid first, buit t
wha,:t unduei \.\th ill the uneeeked
S even i thle s ta' iir ngest 1ii s;ll
oal it. is n L v bykee inl,, thlern witiin
proper b lns iscarding the weak and
ol::1uA and blptinlg thle trule and(
hie:uitiful , ta:it we calm ever hope to gIve
atiything AwlrLy of tlh u.hniratiI cl
po1sterity. Soime cani niever write a lettei
without fillin~g the wholeA sheet, anld il
the inlk hol"S -ut the v will write acrs.
an" acrots the O .apri aain:so that w% ha
at first n,.;:.s Searcely inte 'ible at lsi
<h-tes m11.t I- YOnly ;:kill alld ingenu:ity (d
111.11 to uil-rIc uel, but defeats every
t- t t rcml it, N h ile a ei ever i. ii!.
ltuer is ever short, Qihy, :""I intell
gt,:1I y-11 6.-el Satisfied (-n :urvivinlg
at the eWl i -S I Wle. 'n at' younli
ft1sio bI 1Yi' Lurjt 3 in i n u ch, 11,10 in th
c4ollecting amiti joininilg tIgeither if* wurd:
.-.' .? . ia 4%J/t''.'3 i . ai e !2rco'i
IT c'leci I61 iivI v ii' t s r Ile~~~ i. it (
iuite ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ai h& ilvSi io t trk (1 '(
vsi Ilta i a ir ' Iiitall antfie
The very brt th abiis but iiigi :m3. :n-tticer
Lof a,' hti trahi. :a lrbet assiLe that
-1114-. tii t t u~. ll 't-- e a l 'el grea.
rin'gi thel rhcet.' Iirsa ititnveiti..na
atid this litl, to l-d ti - V lin'W5 l e ei
our .\ w33r2 .n11 tiend V'i S. i p na t 1hait
the C m anyi 113( r14 ed t4i'WS 4 1.(ch2 huii'( l
andj rt w orkL slli tiat1.\ Ih-illnto ill. ea10
S'ti.et for the ereia routte Vaitus
:enimbniihl s were elli-red wthhib clut
tely-w.hen Gen. \\-hin'r. a~e n
wit in erity Il IL1. r larlo.iitheSe
WHAT is 1muJ un)ic.--Prejudice is
the contrast of'judgment, since it antic- a
ipates reflection. It has often been (
acknowledged that precipitation of c
thought, as well as of speech. entails i
very fatal consciiences; and that the
m1an who, through life, can wisely steer
clear of this double inconvenience, de
serves the aplpel'ation of happy. lie I
thinks, an-1 thinks again, before he lets I
his tongue mingle in the flow of conver- I
sation, and consults his inmost self ere j
lhe ventures to decide. i1e has also I
learned by experience, that Nature has
its mask, Scietce its obscurities, the 4
World its artifices, and Merit its ene
iies ail, lie consequently never deter
mines, without having first deeply
searched into the matter. Ile lifts the
veil that unfolds each object, and dis.
covers that it woubl be madness to
Judge to) harshil v aid at first sight.
What would the result be, if we
trusted to outr eyes only? W' ", the
SlwlidI be prontllteed tili
aroul the C rth, instead of' th atter
eneireling the orb of dav.
The prejudiices of a single nind can
easily be destroyed; but wheii they
have been reduced into I egular systems,
and found their way into social circles
i Formed to accredit thmcn, there is no
CONSOLATION FoR Gi -IUS.- Let no
man, who is in anythilg above his fel
lows, claim, as of right, to be valued or
uderstood: the vulgar great are com
pelhended or adored, because they are
in reality in the same moral plane with
those who admire; but he who deserves
the higher reverence, must hiiself'con
vert the worshipper.-The pure and
loftv lif: the generous and tender use
of" h 1 ''re'ative faculty; the brave
I ndurance I %"nle ct and tidiciule: the
s':2:.' aud c.2(lId of :11mu ; si
oui att mucih vi lue-t hm a.e t,...
lessons by N N 'o; syipatieS ffl'm.
kind must be interested, and L iAcia.
ties educated, up to the love of such ,a
character and the comprehension of such
an intellirence. Still the lovers and
scholars will be few: still the rewards of
finne will be scanty and ill-protioned:
no accumulation of knowledge or series
of exjcriences canl teach the meaninM
of genius to those who lock f r it in
aIblitionis and resul ts, anIly imore than
the uminbers s:.uded round a ulaiet's
orbit could approach nearer infinity
than a single unit. The wotl d of
thoughiilt itlist remain apart from the
wtrbI' of action, For, if they Once coinb
eileI, t1e problei of* Life would be
solved, a1 tile bo) (t, which we call
heiavenl, would be realized on earth.
Anid theref!ore inn
Ar' e("t 6t' ( l pto-itTV 1v Wruing
T e lIe- ::rn in u whlt thiy teaelh in
Ci N:0 li.:-runn1 top Cor.->Iuxo
Ilit.-1. Statnislaus J ulien. the
learned orientalist, has cumuniuuicated i
to the I renich Institute the Chinese
mthiid1 ofcolornug hair. It is said that
!t .' 4 ldniese have succeeded in reaching
a nd ut-ns itnning, 1i ':M ad . mcdi
eite adl a itculiar diet the lie 'd
I tied rih i. Thei, coloriig is pr.
hau ing lftr beasis andi elements ferruti
elus" pr~inc iples 1uich are' rleoiflmendedt
by~ I hyslins, mal alw aus sutCcsully'
emai leyel. \l1. I )ehayi. who hasi wit
teln a treatise iin this :.ublject attil pre-'
lpared. a forlnula of thle luitans to IAe Cli
It is aist iihing,. that the physiolo
.ists wvh have exp'eriiuentedl atml sue
cred ed ini4' col~ring the bones of' livin g
ani~imals, reI, by miaking them'. (eat and
diges nler, havt e not thiought of'
'eeking ini the samte way to colorI red
an d nh ite hair 1black. 'J'The hair anid
the 1beard belonig ti vegetable life, and
are disposed to the same phectnena.
In tact, after a suilicient quantity of'
ferrulinoues salts hast been introduced
in to' the b odyv, the circula tionu takes themi
up;l the blood1 I laded wit the lse subl stant
ces deposite's themiu in the follieles of' the
hair, whieb in turln, poeurs them inteo
lie oil, sa turated wi th iron, 1becomes
black, an d thle w hole hair wuithi it.
.1. 1.Ier at p resent bishop ini Chli
It, ofers, neeuI'inge to the testimony
of' the Abba V'ol.;in, one of the direetc s
of' foreign m issions, at living proof of' this
iver'ual colobrinhg of :lie hair and beard.
It is by this muethod thlat the ChineseI
corr'tecting" thie vagaries of' naturie, huave
been able to claimi the title fr'om the
highest antiquity of' the lIack~heired
Tihe P'ope blessed the Neapolitani nrmy on
thieir flight froim R~omian territory, na follow~s:
'I bheaid you rmarcinilg to the~ fray,
I bh-s'e 3(1 no1w 3 o1u've run uway;
1C othier hcluor yo1 uiave not,1
Ymu'll alwav~ e ii blvah.'d.. lt.'"
A Gallant Soldier.--At the funer
I honors paid to Worth, Duncan and
xates, John Van Buren delivered an
ration, in which he related the follow
ig anecdotes of the former:
'While General Scott was under
harges by order of General Jackson,
nd a court of inquiry was investigating
tis conduct in Florida, a party of gen
lemen met in this city, and after dinner
he conversation turned upon the sub
ect of Scott's services. Worth, indig
tant at the proceeding, was describing
he part which Scott took in the battle
>f N iagara. He said that Scott's brig
ide were advancing, towards evening,
inmler the cover of a wood, froni which
hey were to deploy into the o.en field ;
Scott had already had one horse shot
inder him, and, as the column were
leploying, his second horse fell, and he
)eceame entnu:gled inder it. The col
nurn wavered, and Worth, then his
youngest aid, rushing to his assistance,
lisiounted. and tendered him his horse,
saying, 'General, can you mount, the
louini falters for a leader?' Scott
immediately mounted, and riding to the
head of the column, cried out, 'Advance
Imn! tlhe night's our own," and Worth
,_llowed Scott, as his aid on foot. A t
this monent a discharge of' grape from
a single cannon prostrated Scott, the
horse which lie rode, and his aid, Worth.
Scott and Worth were inmediatelv
carried to the rear, Scott seriously,
and Worth, as it was supposed, mortal.
ly wouided. Attention was, of course,
first paid to the commanding officer.
After sonic time a decp groan was
heard, apparently from the adjoining
tent, and Scott, with that forgetfulness
of himself whiic' distinguishes him on
such occasions, begged the surgcon to
repair to the quarter whence the sound
pre :da attend, as he said, to
poor \Wrth, wh%, anust be dyirt!.' In.
stead of thhi, as W.-Irth conclud-d.'th
cry 0 a,;e.V proceeded from ml faith
full dyh~lo charger, who ad mantaged
to drag lhmself uponi three legs to the
edge of my tent, where he had lain
down to die.' Pausing for a moment,
while there was hardl' a dry eye in the
company, he added -'I beg your par
don, gentlemen, I find that, in defend
illg Gci. Scott I have been incidentally
led to describe my own service.'
THE SwE:TNESS OF loME.--I1t
who has no home has not the sweet
pleasure of lire; lie feels not the thous
:anid endearments that cluster around
tha: hallowed spot to fill the void of his
aching hear-t, ald wile awayI his leis
iue meomIents in the sweCetest of life's
j is isfortune your lot. you will
find a friendly welcome from hearts
heatin.; true to your own. The chosen
'artiner of your toil has a nile of ap
probation w\hen otheis have deserted, a
hand to help hen all iothers refuse,
and a heart to feel your sorrows as her
own. Pcihaps a smoiling cherub. with
pIattling glee and joyous laugh. wifi
drive all sorrow from your care-worn
brow, and enclese it in the wreatis of
d. miestic bliss.
..NP) matter how hiumie tie huome
s, ,Twn sa iufas hoa
"oorly its inma tes are clad.: if true hcarts
Nwell thetre, it is yet a home-a cheer
oh, prudenut wife, obedient aind affection
ite chihlfren, will give their p~ossessor
moire re al joy than bags of gold and
fThe home of a tempierate, indlustri
mus, ho nest man, will be his greatest
joy. 1 Ie conmes to it "weary anid worin,"
mut the sound of the merry laugh and
1ipp v~ oice of chilhieood cheers him; a
lbu but healthful meal awaits him.
I'n v, aubition, and strife have no
lace the re; andl, with a clear conisel
nece, he lays$ his weary limbs down to
est ini the bosom of huis family, and uin
Ier protecting care of the poor' man's
drend and help.
B-.,tcntion.-An old political song,
mug in the day-s of' Thbomas ,Jefferson,
:-ontains the followilng hines:
F'i~m 4Gieorgia to I .:ko Chamuoplain,
hlow vastly has our country been exten
tedl since ! Wh'lat empires have been
[tadded to its domain. Thle Mississipp9i
uo longecr bounds our territory, but from
the Atlantic to tho Pacific, from the
St. Croix to the Rio Girande, our flag
waves over every foot of land. Wo
shouild sing now-a-days- -
"Fromu the Rio Grandet's waters to the icy
laskesb of "Wnio."
rom thme broadl Aiatic's billows to Nev'aa
ThIe hainner or our country over all doinion~i
IIlaking one the rmillion he'arms that beamt high
bhm'aih its fodi.
Ih-uyard Taylor, in a let Ier from Ciferonini,
says that thmose who return home disappoined
sayv they have been humbugged about the
gold. TChe fact is, they haIve humbugged
thiemselues~ about the work. If they expect
to make maoney out of' the earth without ste
yere labor, they am wpfnlfy mistaken. Of
all clneses ol men, those wh~o pave streetw
mad quiarry himestone tire best adapted for
A NEW RFLE..
A new death-dealing weapon In th0
shape of a Rifle has just been -brought out.
in New York: that besides its more legit@-'
imate uses amongsportsmcn, miast teller.
war still further itnpracticable, i is
known asJennings' Patent Rifle, is d
signed to be an almost endless ripeater'j
and to avoid the great diifficulty of cap r
piig and priming each load, and also toa
be uncommonly free from dirt, added 't
which is a force we have never 'eed
eqnalled. The Journal or CommerceR
says its appearance and weight does ryh
ditler front the common gun-except that.
it has at iron breech with a wooden stock,
By a simple contrivance within thi.4
stock, the breech pin of'tle barrel Isopeu.
ed as the gun is cocked. A cartridge id
placed in this opening, and on pulling the
trigger, the pin closes the barrel tiglt, a
sutrg block of-steel fulls behind it, and -
tie gut primes itselfand is discharged#
all at one motion. It is so simple that it
can hardly by any accident get out of or
der. It is capable of being loaded at the
breech as often as it is fired off, and as rae
pidly as a man's hand can move to throw
iin a cartridge. This is at tite rate of 12
shots per minute, fbr a person who lies
practised with the gun.
Another variety of the same gun isnpw
nearly completed by the patertees, in
which the ramrod is a tube of the same
size, capal:e or containing 24 cartridges,
which areso arranged that they are placed
in the barrel one by one, and fired suc
cessively without any interruption.-The
monient that the 24th ball is fired, Nthi
gun may be used as the first one, loaded
ut the breech.
Bitt tite chiefstrength or this formidable
weapon rests on the cartridge which is
used, and for which, indeed, the gun it
expressly manufactured. Thiscartridge
which is also patented, is simply a Tonded
hall. A hollow cone of lead. or rather i
bullet elongated on one side in a hollow
cvlinder to about one inch in length, it
filled with powder, and the cnd..cbered
with a thin - piece of cork. throfgi the
cent re of whuch is a small hole1gb atdwit
aw fr' the pinning. Thte.retecation
which te. q.i dIr.s.i - 1O0 ess dirsim
thirn everything else cuntelted'titiv. the
gun. At forty rods the balls were buried
more than four inches in the body of a
live butternut tree.
The printing is in small pills, of which
100 are placed in a box, from which tlt
"gut supplies itself without fail.
MORE INVENTIONS FOR K ILLINd.-MO
sicur Vandenberg of Brussels, has ntt'er
ted a new gun, said to be far better tha
the famous Prussian fireneedlo gut
From six to eight discharges can I.e madi*
in a mit!te; the carrying distanc(. is fren
2000 to 2300 feet; the ball weig! AU0. qL
one ounce nnl a quart-er, and th p owdO u'
is a'one twelfth th xe w i, of 1:!; bull. An
;udinary gun requires three times icro
powder, although t. bl.1 does 1",o weigh
halft an ounce. The new gun is land. a
from the breech. The shape of tile .i
is round, not conical as in the Prussiatr
"un. It is not consoling to think that f
muxtch ingenuity is spet by men in de -
sing means to kill cach other, but if inci
n% ill fa.ht let them be assured that the
: ,j,, their lives. The courageoiu
m'en of the middle ages would not hat
fou"lht one fiftieth parl sp much, if the.
had not been so well prote- '
armor that they con Id hal. :i ! lg v at
iach other without being hurt.
M-~rt- iJmxo A .iVE.-In tdi
midlst of exaggeratiornid Infei1i T'ooira
is one' unldoulbted circumstant~e which ior
Oinly eA'cited the worst appirebensiend
the fiuet that bodies were often found turn=
ed( In their coffis aml the graee.clothts
dlisarrang~ed. But tvhat wvas bscribe,
with seeming reason, to the throes od v
t alit y, is now kno'wn to be dlue tothe age
ey of corruption. A gas is developed
Ithe decayed body which mimics by
mnechanical force, many of thme mnovemer,
of' ifi'. So powerful isthisgas in corpses
hat havie Inain hong in t hic water, that M.
D~evergie. the phtyticiani to the Morgue at
Padrig, and the author of a textt-book ona
h gal mnedicine says: that unless seured
to lie table, (hoy are of'tena hea ved iy and
irown to the ground. FPregniently, sttan
gen'rs seeing thea motion of the limbs, run
to the keeper of~ the Morgue, and an- .
nountce with horror that a person' is alive.
All bodies, sooner or later, generate ga
in the grave; and it constantly twvists about.
thme corpse, blows out the skini ill it renids
with dlisient ion, rand sometinmes haura thle
coflint itself. When the gas- ap44
with a noise, imagination has c' m'i a
into nan outcry or groan; the gravo haa
hecen re-opened; the position of the body
conafirmned tie suspiciont, and the Pacera
tioni been taken for evidetnco that the
wretch had gnawed his flesh in the froter
of despair. So rantny aro the ciret-m.
stances which will constantly cnr to
support a conclusion thtat is mo're maub.
stantiial than tihe fabric of a dream.
"Y'ou know what pftvaical traion.g is, of
coutrse, M rs. P'artinigtonf" said the doctor in a
muihd way. "Oh yes," replied Ahe; alke jent
seen a piciure of a whole famti1f of twelve
children that took( notiiing upon airth but, pills
for thirty years! I'a -e was physical train..
ing for you." 'l'k dea'or shook his headi as
ir increduhao. ' ~at .sort of pills miighit
they be, sa n a 'r a tints" "Veg-etable pilhs
to be sui'e:' v." tiw" responsui, gravely utteredf,
ond he di'r rtsheyd froma the house itrnde.
Wtl~ hlhe - je meant ai pun1 or tnt, ' x in at ,r
a t ,.cnteequencs were ve'ry .- au.