Newspaper Page Text
_U Y dore, ei t
~~ the Witlape
iutr0, assume a new ap.
tjA " arcely a trace of snow is
uy4 b6 i'reminded of the inconstan.
a ofalwhuman affiuirs. Every
"ievery variation that thei;
-V voice, that sill la u1jp.
cert , t1 14dratr'I If
we . t hihVast'fleid
fetwesalL we find anythingi -which
?Ia ho Mfl~ e. aind prighablel H ow soon
W o 1 fpleasures or sense;
Y c do we gin to injoy thorn wii
' ert1vt eare.light,
11'pli u&6ere., night has
ted8rrur ; dur pleasure is
I v tit ensed, and grief
4 6tk~r ahingr' hien rt.
F1 etdf h lndividudl *ho, it some
VM r has not cruelly. felt the
rtaintyanid shot -duraiton - of ta rres.
Sn4t.wbq, chas nolknown tie
pQilted hope What is
tnpI hap the favori or for
j~o pyq.unertain lian the continu.
Unce o r a'nd-tiis blessings of health ?
Yet while we are in possession of these
at , Iich reffctiofis seldom or never
Getlftih61l Witer'ptcd by the
f db~ a inters morn, salk out
edt'd f dIh'estorm, which at thit
Wtyduglt to expect. While fur.
1 ti~ itek,.ndw6. live in a romnd of
tyhoosippsure,,: we laugh at all
t teryvgrai~ling,;and despise all
1 pf preparing for an evil. day.
u ~ ast0hsnpw beneath the sun.
S 0te enjoyments anad gratifi.
s1* 916 notarise from 'the influ
iginit; the exercise of the mind
4 fe' ieling f'the -heart; cultivate
rtyU wil enabled toenjoy a
. ofthat felicity whichi h endureth
bi1&-the:sure reiward of virtue and a
A11nog.-At this season of the
to o'finobserv6 the bushes, and
matfers exposed to the morning or
.afcquire a rt of crust on the
co,9t if they Were icandied. Thiis is
lledliar.frost, which is but the exhala.
tions and moisture condensed and froz.en
ntheruldness of the sirroundinig cir.
.holdesv which during the day has evap.
raedfaon the earth descends in the
ryght, Ind incold weather becomes con
-eIp puting on that white nppariince
We so ollen obseive in a morning; and as
bdes retii tli- heat the longest,
we kenerally ee snore of the frost- up.
n''th' hedges and grass than on the larger
IreesfThis (Jew. coming in contact with
bdia 1colder than itself, imparts to them.
Se pOtion of its heat, the, loss of which, if
psidorable, occasions it to. lose its fluid.
iywhiten its perticles, condensed unite
ops6, closely, and form a slender coating
Stop., 1 this manner our hair, as well as
gi'of1nin144, I slmltimes covered with
ftheperspirable -matter exposed
:thf6ld air b~ocas cong.aaled, and this
efk~ayodse/hs also are formed
itheiciales w'.e sde hanging from the houses
in wvinter: the water -dropping down im.
.pts heaet it-contairis to the colder air,
dpp pp .losing its fluidity becomes con
""!1oMag's OPINION OF WOMtEN.--A
~oman is, ollen. praised ; but never
tI ce~ntly valued. When a man sees a
ornin, What ought lIe :o see in her? flis
tiuise -hi guabdianl-his mistress-his
Whe hisaunbeasing friend--his comforter
e 4n sikness-the being that gave him lisa
' rst.food -thait is the creator or promoter
jofevery pleasn relhc enjoys duirina g Ii fe
ptld hose tender attentioni can alleviate thle
4readfyul piapas of approaching dlissolut ion.
Xoung, she is beaut iful; old, she is goodl;
one grateful wordl over plays her. Old
~tomerigare fit for a iinuiber of thinlgs,
'ihi'dh yoting ones are incapable of petr
fominig, either fr0on) ig!norance, or lie.
e'dthibyewill not take the trotibale.
old\iv~dn'snever tired of anyting.;
rnm olti, sir1 andsknow my value in socie.
oyR OF SrENM.-lt is stated that
3esteam engine~s at work in L~ondlon, are
ualimnh9 force of nien rhy twvo nil Ilions of
men. :What a mean s of' incaleiufale. l anid
laiI'tless prodnction of' wenhi h this siin.
~a ve/wcris giving tis. It r. pirens buit
m ewiontis and the wr ra0whni
):taf~'n out en engine wvhichi will dlo ther
wvork of'ten thouasand men wvhic.h nevr
fallers never tirra hut.goes on night andn
jAny'ad(Ungeto the Wenlth and, comifort of
the w~orld. And thecreaI i o liamit to this
po er or its uses. It is demaonst ra ble lha
nrpst nIl the avork of' le world enni be
dne by rmachinery. Of' cours* it will be
de sire 4driving oni to that result as fajst ais
* oslble. Every day solme inuvention super.
eda's mannialllahor--ndc man is de.stined
to be merely the overseer imid miaster of
macnhinery, which is to d~o thIe whole hn bor
of'the wortd. TJhen when steam engines
- dre dotngr all world's hard work, meni will
have a hetter chianui 10. dlevehopea their
highers faculties andenothpadieh
cyh reato. ctotth aidich
~MTrr~'a voo Mvun.-A green, g~ood
4na urwid, mioiyy mankii: , up country Joti.
athan, whlo iid every thing drily, got
things fixed, aind struck up a baiirgain for
matrimony; having no particular regardl
fo'Wr ap'pearandes; the parti as greedl to emI.
lo0y a reeti hiori Philasdelphia A Idermnit
to0 put oni the tacklinig. .ril commenced
the ceremonics by' remnarking that, 'it was
oustoma.:y on such occasions to ommnenco
vith prayer;~b i ho believed he would
Api? hiy'.in teingh;Je kioi, Ihe unid, 'it
w 'as customary to give the marrried couple
Sme advice, bpilhe believed he wvould
Iphihhtj it was customary to kiss the
bride, but he wvould omit that also.' Then
nrgony-belngtided, Jon aalian Look the
p rpn l~I ttonhole, aind cla pping
lisfn er to 1,. no se, said, 'Mr. Alder.
aen, it.'s euslomary to give thie.mngist rainu
eega.'across the Adtanti.':.I h ispoo
404 a'own a l ine oft wires co..tedl with
gntta perpha from New York to Liverpool, at
a cost of' Meeo tnillions of dellars.
Hous Rt '
sitt ( 1 h
aul Ity of saim 'n T t x th
sums, and in thtnianner hereinafter men
tioned, shall be raised and paid, into .h,
Pbli'.l'reaqu Y, (hi tt fi the u
nd fiervlue tyrdf hat6 t78a: thiIt
nve cents nd Vilit'eir on* berfI huriidlr
-dollara-of-thatvalue of. all the lands-an
ted in this State, according to dioeexistinj
clagsification heretofore established; ona
halt cent per acre on all lands lying with
in the Catawba Indian Boundary, to bc
paid by each grantee or lessee of said In
dianti lands, uitil otherwise directed bi
law; fifty-six cents per head on all slaves
two dol1ars.on each Freg.Nrgro, fulatta
and Mu' tizoe, between tie agesof filieel
and fifly years, except suoli as shall b
clearly proved, to the satisfaction' of thc
Collector, to be incapable, from mains o,
otherwise, ofprocuring a livelihood; twen
ty-five cents ad valorem on every hundred
dollars of (lie value of all lots, Inds ant
buildings with any city, town, village el
borough in this State; sixty cents per hunl
dred dollars on factorage, employments
faculties and profGssions. (whether, in the
profession of the Law, the profits be de
rived from costsi of suit, fees, or othei
sources'of professionial income,) and or
the amount of conimissions received by
Vendue Masters and Commission Mer.
chants, - (Clergymen, Schoolasters
Schoolmistresses and Mechanics excep.
ted); sixty cents upon every hundred dol.
lnrs, worth goods, wares and nierchan.
dise, embracing all the articles of trade
for sale, barter or exchange, (the pro
ducts of this State, and the unannfhiet u
red products of any of the United
States, or Territories thereof, cxcepted,)
which any person sai I use or enploy as
articles oftrade, sale, barter or excharage
or have in his, her or their possession on
the first day of January, in the year ofour
Lord one thousand eight uilndred anid
filly, either on his, her or their own capi.
tal, or borrowed capital, or on account of
any person or persons, as agent, attorney
or conmignee; sixty certs upon every hun.
dred dollars' worth of goods, wares and
merchandise, whatever, which any tran.
siont person, not resident in this Stute,
shall sell, or expose for sale, in any house,
stall or public )Ince; ten dollars per day
for represening publicly for gain and re
ward, any play, comdly, tragedy, inter..
lude or orce, or other emriployment of the
stage, or any part therein, or for exhibi.
ting wax figures, or other shows, of any
kind whanisoever, to be paid into the hanuds
of the Clerks of the Courts respectively,
who shall be bound to pay the sarne into
he Puablic Treasury, except in cases
where the same is now required by Law
to be paid to Corporations, or otherwise.
II. Be if further enarled, by the ou
thority aforesaid, That all taxes levied on
property, as prescribed in the first section
ofthis Act, shall t.e pail to the Tax Col
lector for the District or Parish in which
said proIerty is located.
AN AC 'TO ALTER TIE IAW IN RF.LATION
TO SLAVEs HIRING THEIR TIlt, AND FOU
Be it enacted, biy the Senate anid Ihouse
of Representatives, nowv met and sitting in
Genieral Assembly, and by the authority
ofr the same, TIhat the sixth S'ction~ of' an
Act, entitled "An Acet for the better Regu
lation and Government of Free Negroes
aiid Persons of Color, andh for other pur
poses," passed the twenty.first daiv of De.
cermber, in the year of our Lord one thou
sand eight hundired anda twle ntv-two, he so
altered and aiiiended, thuat froiin r. hul afte'r
the twel fth day oif M arch next, it shall not
hie law fail for anyi perasonl, owning, or hav
ing in chiarage, any male or female slaive,
to permit suchi slave to hire bik or tier time,
Iabhor or service; and any pa rsonr, owuning.
or having chiarge, a sIlave or slaves, so
offendhinig, sht I all b liable to a pe nal t y of
Fi fty Dotitrs. to he irec'over'ed byv i ndi't
maent, One hail f, f wh ichb shall be~ pa id to
lie inaforme-r, anid the-a ter half to lie useai
of thle histrict ini wiuch lie otlfence is,
co~nuinitted ; and thait ttIaall- oitlsitns hirto.
fore matdo by lauw ini relation to saida of.
fence, he, andi' thc saine are hecreby re
A1 N ACTI-ro A amUNI Tirn. LAwI Is utl:.A
Be'a it eniacfted, by the .Seniate andit H ouse
oIf Re'pre'seantalt i's. now11 mlet anad sittini',
ini (enearail Ai ssembaly , ad lhy the autthlorE.
ty of'theo stianm. Thlmat fraoam i ad a ft'er the
palssage ' thilit A\, it) noindlgmelnt, nor aniy
xection i-ssual thecraton. shaall, aasaagaiit
liay ci editor' tir credhitors of thea
pallrt)' cor pa rt ies againust ithia sou ch
Jliagmeitt shaall haavae boeen obtaiinetd, lay
conf ite ss~aion tr (al her w st', or aaguaist aiy
lien onlwpoeraIa'aaaaty ', 01' anya parat Iterof,
of any'~ sucla rtecpti h Ds]e
whreh a.indgmen t ii tirs )t en eln
E'xatentionl hitageda, util aaa l'.Xet''ion~l is
sne~d lih 'rn baeIa ldged in) the ptrope(r
tili ce ini th lD ist Iiet wvhatreina such party
uisualIly r'sidevs alt the t ime whlen sueI1
. lgmentlt w zas ab ali einedl: Provaided, liever.
thelehass, Iahat this Act sha,4 ad have noa forer
or t'lli't las to Dlda'i n~ ts whoat are notn-re.
sitk'nts of ib is .Slute, iand I raiasicnIi per5)Isons
Ax ACT -rTo A MENsa '-rni LAW wVTru us.
liann -roa -rtip R maam Ts( o-l & nis.
Be it eacteda', by the Sa'niateu andi
[ouste of Reapresenti ai tivs, now1 imet aand
sitting ina Genrital Atsmly, anal lby t
authority of thea samte, Thlaat f'romi andt afe
thae piassage of' thmis A ci, th e ptaymenaat of ii
dlebt secu raed by Judagment air Dteree iii
E~quity', by' a Surety, shall not opierate as
a satistfact io n of such juidgiment or Dee
in Equ~ity algainst the prinicipal d'btor; beu
by such paymlent the said Suretyv shall beIa
nticl to all Ithe rights nand priv ileg's ci
the Pinlaintiff or ComplIcainanat ini said jundg.
Cotton Pazclory in 'lTallt aaser.--Te,'
thiouaaand dtallars hias been subsct'ribedt for thuc
erection of a cotton factory' ill lTilaliaassee
We learn also that thle citizenas of .l'feratoi
and Madison coauntiest, in Florida. arc tlaouI
taking the initiatory stepsa~ to erect cone or muore
factories in eacha county.
NEWV AMERICAN CONSUr. A-r NAssaU.
Several American ship Masters at Nassau
have uigned a statement in which they cotm.
plain of the conduct of Mr. GrafT' the Ui. S.
Consul at thaat port as illegal rand vexations,
having~ interfered with their vessels, cargoat
aind crows, on the ground that all Amaericani
mnasters of wvrecked property are bound to con
aign their h,,sinnas fo hmau
d) 'eiW CIt is enor)ly are tospeel
fully Infomitcl, that the Catholie Chapel r<
cantly fittad -Upin the Town of Sumtervill
bll69 i diated'b Spndpf heakt,m7q iist
Iettt0. .Te.~pnbliC.generally are iuv
ted to attend.
Charleston.-Pries from 12 to 1
eSui'rvll&.--Prices from 10 1.2
Daguerreotypu Gal lery..
We were favored on a lato-visit-to Charles
ton with a view of the beautiful specimens<
art in the Daguerre line at the now galler
of Messrs. BOSTWICK &. FULLER, over th
well known establishmnent of J. S. BDiD, d
Co., in King St.
The now art which has put it within th
means of every bne t6 procure correct likenes
se of friends-and relatives has been brongi
to a degree of perfection by tl:e above name
gentlemen which we have never before wit
'The correct representation-the true de
liniation not only of feature but expression in
the toute ensenb' which distinguish the pic
tures of Messrs. Boat wick & Fuller, renud
thein the very chef d'ouvres of the moder
invention. They come not only well recom
mended as artists, but as gentlemen, as
personal introduction will soon ascertain.
Their rooms have been fitted up with an unu
sual degree of taste and elegance, and wc
recommend to all our readers who may visi
the metropolis during their stay to be sure t
give them a call.
An esteemed friend, who for many year
has kept a diary of passing events has kindl;
furnished us with several extracts therefrom
The fullowing list of extraordinary weathe
will doubtless prove very interesting:
1837. Thermometer in June 9 1 to 97
" " .uly 5th 98
"6 " " th 99
"4 " 7th 99
" Angt. 15th very great rain to the 19tl
" Sept. 1 a very groat rain and mueh
Oct. 2, a very great rain and mueh
" " 15, a very great frost
" 19, Thermiometer 90
Dec. 15, snow, 21st rain sleet an
" " 27, a thunder storm and grea
1838 Jan. 4, very warm, Sih muskeetoe.
" 1,to 1:1, very cold-141 to 11
very hot, 18th thunder.
" "4 storm, 20, ,old.
Feb. 3, snow, 4th Thernonieter a
32. 15. storm and thunder
" " 16, gale of wiund, 17 verj
"March, 1, snow, ram; 41, snow slec
and rain, 17 and 18 anon
"April, 21. and 22 frost
"July, 11, Thermometer 01; 19ith 97;
20th 98; 21st 913; -hth 9ti; 29g 1
97::It0tha93; :31st 9.1; trrent rain
"Aug. 1 and 2, Th'lermomeIter 93 92; l2t1
"Sept I, hail storm.
"OCt. 11, frost, 14th a great rain.
liDec. 25, sno0w.
There are few miide 'ocatllous -ts to revis
it. thet sceners of their childhotod c~ ihout expe,
rtienem some1, emtitont. A.1ii, wh-t her thit.p
scene~s lie ini the crowded city, amittlt all t he
coairse amnd or Iintary ohot of vl
hi lls and its ;;lidiung sfreti-!-the samte fee.
ngs swell the lieart as t he 'hiotghuts o~f the
past ru.-h over; for thtey sper.! to us of till
caroees datys of our cthidhtod, of the gams
drea nns of ou r youithl, of the tra!entp,
tires (of our pri, ofthet fade-I jeys of ouar
ag.Te pea~k to uis of parents now slep
iog ill t dust, of1 playfriloEw int a tar dlis
tant laitil, of coittptants a Itored or abenct::edi
of fr.endsI becomte ats stra ngerc, of love ilh.ini
ged into ind decrenre.
BTr It is a tea tut iflIt 'haught of d.\ilson'S
tat itnt mnt~t olten tak1es lini re leasu~tre ii
Ite conitemlatiion of a finet eltate thanii anth I
er int possessiotn. Tit formter dlerives imutel
pleaistrerom ttthe est ate, wi~ hiout being~ har
udeii.-d o thI theo(' ere of pjsss.lsioni; tlte Ilit
ter, bitrdenecd with theIt care of po(ssession d
rives little pleasumro fromt th sta teti. 'The on
finds nit estate in the beat ie s--thet othi
riutds nto heta une s in I he estate. The,~ p.osses
sitn of ntjt ymttenit better t han the ii enjtyeit
The~ parns tit t are contttiuall teachit;
heir clilren ho~w 14n1 ht respeec t they ow
themi, wdll bet very hkely tob get very hult
adini a certaint viillage lhtvin receved hl
a dlla~r fromit a trait Pr to whio:n lie itmde
hiow, now~ there canni~t aI dtringe'r raie thr migh
ther viiigie, buti e .eiry o I:tirl dtats ont
iof the houtse, ando, w ith a griet rui eh, the:
surround thte astont..-h e man, biowittg alm
coutrteyintg till Ite is faiirly out ofi sehlt.
('oa ..-T1he amnt duingit the ldet yea
sentt fronm te l'ennieyhI.I.u nonest Eof atib ra
cite coal, htas beent 2,233,55l tonr, be.ing mt
increase over anty forimer year or 150,0(N
tonts. 'lThe first yea r otf sending Pennimsylva
nia coal to tmtrket, ontly averaged .about 364
tons--the whvlole amount imiinediatld exportel
front the first. discovery of coal in that. Stati
to the preisent, time is 25,917 tons.
QJT Mant's happiness is said to hattg ttput
a thread that-is never at hantd to sew on th<
shirt -butttin t hat iM al wns ofr
city. stmb erchai from in
rior have visited our market lately, and hav<
aided by their purchases in producing the an
.ifiation. wilich js everywhere viyible.,
Ina oIR. tcrept to my last letter I informe;
you f die re.electkon 'or Campbell (Wiig.
as'Clerk-of the "Hhuse --This tinexpbtei
result was brought about by ,the votes of I
Southerr Deiimocrats, who being restricted tx
a choice between a Whig, s-.,und upon South
ernt rights, and a Democrat, tainted with Frei
Solism, very properly chose the foruer. Fe
this dofection, they have been formally rea
out, of thDenmocratic party by Mr. Wood o
Ohio, and even Father Ritchie. has venturet
to chide them severly. We heard yesterda]
of the election of A. J. Glosobrenner as Ser
y geant at Arms of tihe House, and. of the post
poneuient of tihe balloting for other oflicers
The Vermont resolutions upon slavery, stil
furnish a theme for debate in Congress.
e From this discussion some of the fines
. speeches of thle session have been derived
t Those of Butler, Clemens and Davis, partic
j ularly arrest attention. Sound and forcibh
. in argument, eloquent in style, and mnanly ir
tonle, they have excited a sensation in Con.
. gress, and throughout the country. The
j Virginia Legislature to which body the Ver.
. mont resolutions were transmitted, by ar
r unanimous vote, instructed their Governor t
senil back the rerolutions to the Governor o0
Vennont with the significant endorsement
"that the people of Virginia understand the
constitutional rights, and know how to main.
tain them." This is assuming a bold and de.
cided ground,and this is tihe proper spirit ir
t which Northern insolence should be rebuked,
an1 Northern aggression arsested. Muci
excitement has been caused both here and
elsewhere by a circular from the Secreta.y
of the Treasury recently issued. It appears
that Congress has heretofore limited tie ex.
penses of coliecting the Revenue to $1,500
0(0. This sum before inadequate, has been
rendered nore so by the establishment of the
Ware housing system.which demaude a large
outlay, yet yields n1o income. The Secreta.
ry has therefore been compelled to suspend
tihe Revenue [Service, to withold a portion
of the salaries of Custom House officers, and
to charge upoi the importers, expenses here
tofore horne by time department, until the
timit referred to should be removed. This
has since been done by time Semite, and
should time louse concur, the greivances
now complained of will be avoided.
Several vessels are now up in our port for
California, one is to be loaded with lumber
which at the rates now ruling in California,
will produce for the consignors a profit of
.400 per cent. Accounts from :3an Francis.
co lately received hold out great inducements
for furthr emigration. Comnmion laborers
receive 88 to 810 per day, mnechanics 816
to 18 whilo the expenses of livimg are by no
mieanms-as great at have before been reported.
Thme citizenms of th~e Neck have just gonc
thromgh 'vithm the ridiculous andl futile pro.
eedn fvoting tupon mime riuest ion of annex.
ation, alter a law annexing time Neck to the
city has passedi time State Legislature. It
wouble hav e bseen lauighable, itf it had not beer
mlangerous As a pirecedenit it is in time high.
sit degree injmrioins, amid tihe voters hasve vio.
hated im intemitioni, what they should hmaves
Tme l.amw anid lqiqity courts of A ppeal are
niow ini sessioni here. A nmibimler of case,
have already beens heard. Father 3Mathiew
has left our city for Colummbia. Ile adsmiinis.
tered time pledge, whmile htere, to umpwards of
1500 personis. .Judge, (O'Neamlc hmat likewise
bieen lamborinig in thme samem gooid cause.
Th'iose tfmmd iat lainmestriani performmances nighmt,
'Pyi carde psavilioin of Stonme &. M~cCollum.s
Thiis openmed here oni Monmday. Sev.
craml handiusomeii I'amintinrgs are now in course
of e~ ih.bitioin, anid a P'anoramda of Camlifnrsnia iw
expmectly shortly to arrive. Th~e atorits Pa.
niorauimas of theC I Indsoni River, andmm thme Medi.
*merraneami evince no imcliniation to motion, anid
hloml forfeit their naxmm, b~eca-use of their
stay..---The anmnuel imeelimg of thet stoc-kiobml
ers ini tihe Som. C's., Rail Ro:ad Companyi will
conveine oni then W'th Fehm'y niext. A change~t
in thme dli rectiomm is conimtempla:tcd, andmm it is r..
imoired tamt there will be two cnmdidamtes fori
Pires4iden't of thle Roadmm. ins oppostiom to time
pmresenit inceuimbentt. 11. W.. C.onnmer E-9.,
ammul WVm. G;regg iEsrq, are thme genstlemen
ref'erredi to. It is thmougjht tha lemithemr, womuh
beim suic('ccsfuil over ('0l. G(isden.
I I cong ratu:,ate you oni heh stuccess whlich
hier 10d.~lti Tis 5important enteirpr-ise shouhil
bei pushe forwvardl vigo rously, ino eilbrt oimit.
mm ad o e'xert ion5 spared which mimghit aid ii
its auccrmism enaimmt.
-Am a sahe~ o~f Wime bseloniginmg to time Estate
of ms the lat r. IP. ( . P'rioeau tihe oldest alm
biest bro.ughut 611 I pm boi:tle, anid othemr dle'srip
5o1ns were'( sahl at 8*j,50 pr Lottlec. Somme o
h iis Wu'ine wais (5 yeairs ol. Th'!is fuirisheim
parilMms'I to t hem greatd sale- of Shmawis whici
took i;:r piace recetly ait thei Ntrthi. It is imn.
reasinable I, cen'msure' ihe ot ther sex fur extrai'
':t itexpend'm~litures it dtress, whren tin gra ig
emnormmus prices arepa.
Amonigli' otmher niew boouksm wichi(l hmave ap
pr- eal ths wveek is ai work enttit ledI 'Thm
i: hor Si' becingi a narrative of the War heo
It weeni Meax co :si our cotilitry. As wotukI
aippear from time title, it is ani *'Lbrt mto irrites u,
tihe cu~i'tragLe andi p.ro wess oif thme Mexicamns a
te s~i si t ime that it mmnde'rra'tes Americar
vasloumr, andm diaiparages thle Aiericanm victori
os. Thle itahr of -.lante Evre' nand 'Shirlev'
imsinow undtiersti od to be Mis llrommme of Ilrad.
f otrd in sorkshiare. Mc( auley's 3.1. Vol. o
IIis. of Enmglanmd will not be ready for tih<
P ress tan less titam eightleen monts. J'dgal
A. Poe's works arce no(w before thme public it
a ne edto w'ih a prefae by N. P. Wii
Ilis. Several nosvels have been received late
ly aimong others thme *Matchttmaker'--ir Edi
waral Graha~mm by Miss Smtelair &c. &c. nmot
however of anmy special merit.
Cotton hams advanced ful!y mine ceal pnr I
Corn 54 t 5
, r. c . .- '
rro.Ed 6l. ugigos
your valuiablo journal to our indefatigable
I- Stage"ProlY~eter;~pP ~ dlrti
I propriety of changing the present rout of the
I tage to that of Middleton Depot.-The rea.
son for this is, that by so altering it, Passen.
gers would save, at least two hours in their
time or stirting, bith to, and from the Vil
i lage.-They are now forced to leave almost
r at the hour of midnight, and crawl. along at a
isnails pace 'over a very heavy Road for near
ly four -hopra, and a still further delay at
Statesburg in order to enable the Post Mas
ter at that place, to openi anld close the mail.
There is also a very great nuisauco to the
travelling public. in being forced to remain
from 1-2 hour upwards, at the. same place
while on their return homeward.. Another ve
ry great consideration if the Middlpton rout
were adopted. would be the earlier arrival of
our mail-~which at present reaches us at va
ried hours of night, from 10 until 12 o'clock
-a serious inconvenience not only to the
public. who are dearred answering their
correspondents by return.of mail, but places
the arduous duties or our worthy Post Man
ter at unsuitable midnight hours-The trav
elling public will save ten miles fare by Rail
Road-The Stage Proprietor will save time
and distance, and have the benefit of a good
Road which would induce many who now use
their own conveyances to patronise his enter
prise, by thus.changing the rout from States.
burg to Middleton.
It is said that the Stage is forced to the
present rout by having to deliver 'he States
burg mail.-Now Mr. Editor could we not
persuade the Post Master at Charleston to
make up a seperate mail for the above place
-a boy and horse would be all that is neces.
sary to convey that mail from the Claremont
Depot to the Post-office, and a similar mail
could be made up at this office and sent by
the Rail Road to Statesburg-The expence
of a boy and horse to convey the Statesburg
mail from Claremont Depot, would be more
than amply covered by the increase of travel
by the Middleton rout.-Thus Mr. Editor,
all the objections, to the proposed change
would be removed.
I know that all my fellow Townsmen will
coincide in my advocacy of this rout, and the
growing importance of our Town requires
more convenient access to and from the Rail
Road than that we now posess.-I myself am
a constant traveller, and absolutely dread the
moment when I hive to start upon the jour
ney, from the inconvenience and delays of the
present rout, tnd I feel warranted in saying
that where Os person takes the stage now,
FOUR would if tlie rout were changed.
I trust Mr. Editor that the Proprietor will
take these facts into consideration, and act as
befits. his interest and that of the counmunity.
BEAU'TFUL. IETA'Io.-The comparison
or the journey of life to a transit across a de
sert. is very felicitously expressed in thle fol
lowing lines from Charles WVesley :
"Illere in the body petnt,
A bsent from Hleavein I roam;
Yet nightly pitch my moving tent
A day's march nearer home."
Tue LA w.-"There is room enough above,
but they aire awfully crowded down below,"
is said to have been M1r. WVebster's reply to
onei who asked whether lie had better study
D1- To-morrow is a tine gentleima.n, who
makes manmy promises--To-day is a phiin
iimn, whio never breaks hs word.
Whio~o grieves when has friendl dies, is
sorry that the latter is haappier than lie was.
D~eath is the greatent ever experienced by
Er Thel~ istra-Termn of thie Court of Comn
muon P'leas fur this Dast rict. co'iiimeced on
Moniday lls--Jumde Wit hers piresidmng.
.E'lgeti-ld Advertiser Jan. 16th.
of New~-Y'ork, ha~s been appointed Unnted
States miail aigenit for thme rouite between New
York and San F~rancisco, assmedl time duties
of his station with the departure or the steaim.
er O.hm. Tlhe plan adopted is for him to
take chirge of the imail in New-York, and
accomany~ it all the way throiighi to San
Fraici sco, receiv'ing i here thme return mail
and bringing it hack wvith him to New-York.
Th'le Dlegation of lP.ii rtiel hamve published
a call for a mmeet my of the c itizenis of that
lbistrict, to noin~liate l)elegaies to am Convena
onI1 thisCongressinal D ist rict, and sug
gest Caiieni, as thme most coiiveienat point
oir thle Conven' ion.
G. There are niow btilintr for the Ameri.
canm Navy four stea im'rs, l'uwhatan, Susque-.
hi..nai S iraniae andl 8 m .Iaiinto. TPhe first
at Noriolk, thle second at Philadelphia, the
third at P'ortsmouthi, N. 11I., and the last at
C7aitij io i Cotton, in India.-Trlie at
ltmpt duriii theI last two or three yeoars to
enitlivate Cotion in the D)ist rict of Ohrirwar,
fro'im which great exspectations of success
worn entert ained, has pirovedt an entire failure.
Gderumani Emigratio--Theore a about
fit ,(IIN) Germans in Newv York, and in the
UJIted States over 2,000,000.
FTe Debt of I'ngland.--The total debt
langlandl, including ihe imortgamges oif the Aria.
tocraecio the three lKmgdoms, is ? 1,400),
tx)0mhearing a yearly interest of ..C5,
SA r.T *rnNo.--A salt sapring, estimiated to
lbe 11tN) feet dheep, and sending f'orth a column
of water three mei.hies in dismueter, has been
discovered in Miercer County, Va., about six
miles from thme Red Sulphur~ Springs. It. is
calculated it will yield 300) bushels of salt
"'fTus SoNs oF WVAsuNTwoXo" is the tithe
of a new secret society, instituted at WVil.
mington, Del., on) the 1st of Januairy. Its oh.
jects embrace theo freedom of the public
lands; the equality of maicn ; comintionis to
advance the interests of labor. as well as ben
elicial considerations for tho who avail
themselhves of the kneo at h ordo,
rka~uble tgo .Q'6
a s~eource troRt%
0n0a6kobl iaews Of, .I4g
uiert the exiiruc t i the' Nal d"
'ourier.3 I inay, with ant auf lreaob ascen
fidence; add, that the lady, who espresx
c ppu. Ad sagacaops opinioe e nith
.ti'Plaery,; wastan W1wthorebof ils
in aon, and so great an idmiirer ofa repub
licn-fom-ofgovemenauto haved -he
tonbandon her native country, where she hai
lived in great affluence and honor, in order tA
become a resident of the United States., lie
eminent talent, and acc-nplishments gay
her an immediate passport into our first cir
cles of society, where she became acquainte
with all our most distinguished men, particu
luorly our statesmen, who cherised for her th
bjghest respcpt, And of whose. charer.si
entertained the mosat just appreciation, as t
evident fiom the iasterly sketches of then
contained in her writings.
The extract a.ljaed to is as follows:
"In~ the shaorideace of two niontlhe,
I have seen every thinig to confirm ay previ
ous opiniioan, via: that tiit:Ahidle, called Vldkeri
is that under which these &ulhern Statew cas
alone conf inue to exist; and that the systeim q
enancipatim or of abolition will produce a;
imniediate and perumanen condition if nisrul
and destruction in erery departnent if society
which those restless and hastUinmen, who are it
authors, neither can xunccicc nor will be taugh
to comp, hend.
"Our experience has b'een slight, it is tru
as yet, but I'shaall give you the result of i
hitherto, as it wiil be on pertonal e.xperienc
that I iihall sustain my opinions.
"The crops on this farm belong to Mr
- this yeai, and, of course, his negroes oc.
the quarters. 'ihey are said to be fifty
Of a ages, on the plantation. I speak to al
those with whomn I come in contact. I shonk
promise that Mr.- three years ag h(st his
wife, and that from that tine he has resided
chiefly in-. leaving this place entirely
to theca re of the overseer; and, what is in
finitely worse, the mill, (arm itself, houses,
and gardens have beert suffered. to fall intu
ruin. The negroes have been, for three
years, their own masters, excepting that the
overseer, a low, Ignorant and selflsh man,
drives them as hard as ill tmage will let them
go. We have, therefore, on this farm, negro
slavery in the very worst form in which it
can be exhibited in the whole South. And
what is the resulti Are the people better
off, or worse off, than the laboring free whites
of England, and of Ireland) They are better
off-a hundred . times better a.f#' They are
fat and cheerful; each keeps his pig, hires
himself or herself out on holidays, and they
visit each other on Sundays, or go over
to Maryland to amuse themselves. On Sun
days, also, the house servants do nothing of
any kind. The children play about, doing a
few little offices, such as my own children do
daily, and I have never seen them corrected
more than they deserve. Two persons have
been whipped for theft. For a similar of.
fence in England, a inan would have been
put in prisoen for a month or two, and his fami
ly left to starve."
Such is the testimony of a high minded
and justly thinking Englishman, in respect
to the working of an institution, which
creates so much alarm for Southern conse
ence and Southern principles, among the
good people of the North. It deserves to be
noted and reinembered.-Couricr.
Gold is not the only large product of Califor
nia. One of the natives is noted as the father
of thirty-six children, twenty of whoan were
dhe productc of lhts first marriage, and sixteen
of his last.. Mr. H~artwell, the government
translator, has a faimily of twentyone chil
dren. Senor Faubregro, who has been married
twelve years, alread~y conats mas many heirs.
Several other couples in San Francisco have
from twelve to eighteen.
REca. or Mla. SQuria.-The Washingtoni
correspondeni of the Express states that Mr.
Squier, the representative of onr govern
mnict in Central Ameri..n, is to lbe fort hwi:ha
recallod. If so, the British governmnent will
probably follow suit by withdrawing Mr.
Court Ma'rtial.---A c(onrt nmartial, com-.
rosedl of General Br.E~mr, Capt... SiDLEY~,
- on6aY, PowL.FU and DrZTr, and Lients.
RonissoN and NEtt.E. is in session at Little
Rock, Arkansas, tor the trial of Mlajor Ba'r
Lca. Co~loniel acc is. the Jndge Advocate.
ST New-York city has a larger population
than either of the Stiates of New lamushire,
(.'onnecticut, Vermont, or Michigan. It ha
fuy the popublstion of New-Jers'v. It
hsm.'re tinn the three States of Arkans-i,
Florida, and Texas, together. It also has
more populatin thtan thne States or Rhode Is
land Iowa, and Dcleware, added with that of
[li Of forest trees, the majority are native
lantits of England, excepat the pine and horse
chiestinuts, the fnrmer of which was b~roughta
fromi America, aind the latter frotn Thibn.
Buat thec greatest variety of oaks, and other
fine timber trees, are natives of North and
The hurtlebaerry is a native of Asia, TEu.
rope and America.
The, e hamberry, of Europe and America.
OLD Aot.--Of late, several negroes at the
South have died at vonderfully advanced
ages, from a hundred to a hundred and thirty.
From this fact it was inferred, froma the pow
orful consctitiona and phtysical devohopements
of the negro, that, if free, they would outlive,
as the.y coui~ld ontwork, the entire white race.
'Thle contrary is the fact. TIhae slave at the
South cannot work whlen over seventy years
old. Ihis master is required by law to pro
vide himu w'ith a comfortable home, food, and
raiiment; and the negro, having nothing to do,
no care upon his tmnd, pulenty to eat and
drink, lives to an immense age. Suppose
him to be froe at seventv, wvithiout a master or
a friend, anad dependaut'<mt himself fir a living
lhe would periwh for want ini a few years. It
is the gntiet conatent anti ht:nanity of slavery,
of haigamaster, whlich enales the negro
toaieg long. This mnay appear to be sole
cisim, buat it is a fact. WVe may preacht
against negro slavery as much as we please,
but it is a huanae instituation at the South,
whlile freedom at the Nor-th leaves the masses
of Africans poor, depenidenat, and, ini old .age,
nearly always the inmates of the ahn-house.
Our abolitionists, even if successful, can nov
er ameliorate the condition of the blacks.
[ Noah's Times.
UD The Brooklyn Adcertiser is guilty ci
Ithe fol lowinsg calhtnunty:
"Dip the theo Atlantic Ocean dry with a ten
spoon --top this journal from going ahead
twist your heelI in to thet too of your boot
mako post masters performa tht'ir pronttises, antd
subscribers pay thme printar-sendm up fishin~
hooks with balloons and fish for stars-goi
astride of a gossamer and chase a comnmet-.
wheni a rain stornm is comaing dowvn like the
cataract of Niagara remenmber wvhere you lofs
yotur utmbrellra.-choke ti minuito wvitht
brickbat--in short prove all things. haithmerts
considered imapossiblea, but tiever coax a wo,
map to .y ashe will, -hedrtshe has mvlme ty
he mminn~ kavh wone
you all kno -thea
ing and -steaiming A)o
he W er . Wl
r locooiw UE
I every day, of men posse (
nary sensoe, who are'struck do a
n~oive Oh...ifan ad Oq
tO it is with the, grat dt
c e th e ooioiv Iepri
Shop, from tavern' to-tavatif,
tive drives on with the'id PP
yoi all see it, you all lenw d t
yet how many are aid.on th
maniy are cruyhel crOu0 s'',
rut for, comotive .- -aw Je
Thhebefnet of adveisin
rtd Dr. S. P. Townend, a
tivedries o wih te~ stilica,
rilla. It it not ie ye eo 3
to this city quite atranger, and
man. The way he advertiedis rim
all. He commence in the Now.
the Iirge circulation of wAhichjf-gj
tug toyhis busineswgenabled hjim
advertisementi intbery p
We understand from. good
he has sold out thegodwillr
rilla business for the enormous sutni
000. The raw meaderialteds r.h
his factory. at Albany:. for& M2,00,
chaser is A)fr. Thomas:.-, W. Cmming*
one of'our mnost wealthy, energtir
terprising wholesale drug merejin
At. the celebration of thieh1 a
r of the New ,gland (rn good
york, on the 22 ut., there is
of the President a piece of P
weighin seventy pounds, i .
in whichr Cotton ather Wa CIngs
int., Mr. Joshua Lynn, rest glifjn ,
eastern part of this D iti"* I
suicide by hanging himsei ,
house, some two hundred yards
from his dwelling. Thec
cited the unfortunate man to tileo
sion of this mel ancholy act, 4s4nt ,
tie was a man of ihmily,-h:in
and four young chilren; p
orkable property; and wasitee n u
in the circle of his nequaintanie
Another Criane --- TWe" lear:'lY, in
this town, n veaturdo night' isM
Joseph Brookshannk iwas way iiadfh
iy his broter-in-i w, Thnm ai1Tul1AW
have noot heard then particulars-eekesp
that hewornd of Mr. BLooksan i n
sidered dangerous ind Trull. i
feon arrested.-ayelcheciOh it
exposed to tho influence of o a t aiokriA
gradual y losf s ithi flhy, atn beme
en which mathsasn of mly- iahg r
con freqo nctlrunder ou ug,
inelhl diesevn of hitteqntn . Ab
tseii gavit hn wrater;.gor ifi; Av
avessl edthein p'artheulff j~oep
theat, the ieounoMr deaherosbenk th
sider fed nesseu, and fotinta~
b en watrer.-Onecse is lgt in
genrala f old is toWcon tratorhis
inpsne t the timfue of edn 9al4;4
fergnsld broken byic we cplo id
aain, thh hico whaich f~b.
ct s oeaveqgoeof cnppe ou.Iitp,
npecif ras rqit tea atrce ofbi i w, j
whight io frode ovr sintarofi
hen ice fisonths n dinggmiiih
ide suf of the wristern iots intirs et
t a i,. nesn n itks he~esti.
instane, whiche i oin tosthelaikptin.~u
ein enicn tasiplacg ta mor~e re
frquntl efrtin of the sofw
toeave arn h grlob est,
froma t rxperime, at rin C
poeidh weto by~d eapsmartion~
ofthte raeo rhe atrvsis.
uTh ar nuscrsa' in hick-ide be n
()hrm~ isveryc iurouis: towhen a bfiy
ezis, al. iume of iniedl-shape. f.
tialsshoo t inuallydirecinsefromnbethagr
fricumprienso thessairmaking n
mnros anole , Ir li itoig N& ,
fruponi wegthe sufee rotewtrae
ofi eie ofys ic toteescced~
whih mueipy caiu, eniren i folghi
freates a n ber ofrasd i iltg
tAs theo in thikesl a uiu$ '
baubbe arese, am e getot&e
free uonod the orfae thib er a nelrs..
thn plil fre;to vess succedi sn
crustlis fomid, a whic hot icn fop pir
andtherec nie to the f ir;su eloe.
buer are seen am rit grer r th
thec ofs cpaae te the sideserci's
Wn heson i ncree ease sto ngly et
cthims ofe ~ic sluirm -~pj..
phenomenco to thl bete more afd teha
mos re enie of theanur ohfe yiaure
andeof the arme o an~sdreulrity that,
pervad ther on inuest podutions, a
tendvfqenl relting to fifil the ves-la ut-n
is Gcod;a and though le se notd ho
sati fsfactorcnsoin , nodwuaitg tha
flexetof those views, the lintlo ear
permitted to unders nd af theid is enotigh
to excite in us the Asslre of' adorid the all.
wise Creator, anid celebratiig his powet
winw magniify hsis halv name.
Tesubscriber gives. 'eie that has
lost or isalaud, a Note, yhIm agg'dast
W, WV. Bradley and ~VW h w, gijeCujet
of the E~state of John Couar, giving.4 the
estate of the above metiona :f,
Oneo Thottanid Dollaa wvith ante
date, dated January 4 sN,,; . ~
Bradlhey anud Wmn. 91,. Aw, lThe4 *
bid any person trainig for said Nota,
Jan, 15, 1850. ' .