Newspaper Page Text
-n Ihta fter ctpid
,lN ttS d j l
ljo aljwits lao exit.emen4irnd
S at commucationi left
eel~du Francisco, and gave
P ''res4snp ert . of the country, Since
aye4been -constantly in the
ningre on iave explored a considerable
e i territory, and dug and washed
re of carteloado of "auriferoms al
durig ipy apprenticeship at the pick
-a ivelv.witlout having my first con
Regyiate~riall r110 'Id by..time and ox
perlegg' o.I mnifr' life, in, California,
one. indisfo uhy connected with severest
Srdslinsexposuro and privations, only ca.
d u -by those possessed of
all ituiiitiv, muscles, unremittin1g pa
Ac t indbstry, tid - an unconquerable
N~erg4 V- 1led with all these, and Contin
g004 ;ti, and inmind undisturbed by
and one 'wonderful stories in
'M t ,P ofN'. the discovery of new rich
Vhr and you, put afloat in a great
bnojororty moistrfeies, by store-keepers, in the
'liopp f ,rating..populat ion to their particu
ar, ' ', Of location--a person may general
I a ;mwit imoderato success-say, av.
ounce of gold per day. But for
Amanbuihialified by want of knowledge of
te "p nry and its mineral region, the vari
ous nfedpls of detqcting deposits of gohd,
wi4 )Pi Ieans of readily and successfully ex
trctig 'it't it is only necessary for lum to
' ar his foot on -thie.hbres of California, in
or4or tonalite'a-rapiti fortite, by diggincrin
-te mii nr, is almost as preposterous as Don
i6xotte's sturdy onset upon the windmill.
s 1 true tiit, in a number-of instances
'W"n i&hiiies werd'tst discovered, sever
al veryrith; deposits were found -it was a
4ietqgiifo&nonmral in Ifrb case-and th-it Sin
lair, anda fev other persons, acquired an im
mense anoun.t of gold in a short tinre, is also
'equally .rue. These facts were blazoned
~ orthby: ritarsfron California. the greater
0 portion of thoai, at tie t ime, having but limni
ted means of information, and carried away by
the excitenent created by the discovery of
gold; Ih consequences were, overwrought
anargly yilored descriptions, calculated to
inflane ite public. mind, and awake the in
herent.desire to oasily accumulate fortunes,
which is inseparable Mom the nature of man.
Thousands, prompted by motives of interest,
d i'ely ppi~gsolely upon these statements, re
linqlished lucrative business; sun ;ercd social
ier; left the househ ohhmeith-stone, (hit herto
only known to comfurt, and peace, and joy,)
a place of mourning for-the absent; and um
dertook a peril, us six months' voyage by sea,
with al its 'discomforts nd privations, and
~~raved the.dainsrs'Wpeatilence on the Isth
mus only to tit op their arrival inIiFranu
cisco, instead of a comfortable asylum, and a
realization of their fondest hopes, an almost
total antbihil tioit of their air-built castls of
yoalth nd future comfort; and many of lieni
cuhu-ut t~le rude welcome of a sick
kigd heart wiiig li earth, without the
*h Intheir afflidteon, and to soot he
to the sMarget's g, -weary
''That a vast athountof pure gold has been
xtracted from the nJines, and dispatched to
ii f tates, cingt be contradicted;
is th t inthre. shighly .colored
ff tll:i.mn).ense wealth of the im
~ of thfcounrythat.accompaUt
each shipment of ore, it was not told, how
man thu!nds-.fGcart-loads I rth it was
A remove, nor ho. t
- C. Only the bright porti,
ture as presenrt id, leaving far ini
rona . tM b,. n 2iledI by time and
JOU ..i1oTll 1~*s
'irA N (CA.r:P, Ncur11: For k,
rican Riveor Novarlber :j0, 1849.
sas. Br-:.Cen:-The first point of att
the gold hunter. aifter having arris
AFrancisco, is tire sacramrenito Rli
.scretnento City: to reachi which, sri
solihdraft ot'water are readily fou
,Ing fromn the mnajestic Bay of San Fr
. esco. San:Pablo Bay' is entered, arid is
bhurst upon.tire waniderer, a most breauti
pitiare of naitumral scenerv, the ef'ect of whi
however, at the time thai I passed it, (4th
July last) was not a l.ttle miarred by
jarchred up anid burnt over bills of pict ures~
jgrandeur which sentinel its shioresi; and d
fted here anid there wvith, bands of horses, c.'
Jtie, amnd deer, sporting tin all the wvildoess
their uiStive freedon- (It is proper here to r
unark that f rom June to Novenbier, scarcel
drop of rain falls in California, wich accoui
cr thme appearance of thre frills a lInde
above ) Lea virig S;mn P'ablo. thre Straits
Cargumez are entered; at thre head of wie
i1tiitg confhrence with Suisurn llay, is the gr
ofa city, (called so by chur/esy im the Calitio
mia acceptation of tire Wr(d,) known as llen
cra- lere is st-itioined a vessel-of-war arid
dletachnoent of Unit ed States troops; thre mec
comrposi mg which, notwuithstandninug t hey laad
compratively idle life, during som,
porton -of the year, run considerahb
danger of annrihilation, during the sinmme)- b
that curse of tire Sacrarmento-.the mryriads
nmosquirttocs whrich cove'r tihe tulee rnrarshr
that hine its bainks. Suisu'tn Day once croe
ed, tire entrance to tire Saceranmento Itiv'er i
opened; here green verdure first greets ii
vimion,a.nid by aind by. as you: ascend, rnobl
oak trees, o' severarl dil'erernt varieties, ri!
their ehppearance, decorated wirthfei.L
massy pen-blossoms at their hbases. Thre
cramnto is about 00 yards in width, a~
sudtable for navigation o' vesaels, drawr
over twel"'n feet of water, :luring ithej
part of ihi year. ,not
a- 4: t u' .werCcon
huonceo ulmen'rean 1ir with 'rt r about
one hui nndred and eighty riles rrorn an Fran
cico and eligibly situated to enaand tire
wvhole t rade 6f thie entire valley or the Sacera
muonto; bdr~iti the disadv:rmtage'of lying ripon
level, lowv grounds, and in danger of inunda
tion dpring the9 rainy seamsoin. When I handed
there, was but one house in the city; at this
timeo, ucprcely four months lapse, threre are
several hlisidreds; and the streets filled with
stores, and gambling hells, present a lively
business appearance. F~romn Sacramnento,
&coinmunmicatjonril rmay bo hrad with all the
Cnorthrn mifnerd, by meanis of ex.Ueamns for
h addage, and your own Joos for propelmenrt of
yout own'corpus. Trhis Iict of thn "reality of
thLie romanrce," to some of nrs who had boon
Ay~ofnod nearly 'six months on board ship,
Y.wlilt ior or pportunitica for exercise,
was udde idviq no smnall,degree of ra.
af%: a did, In the future, vis
*fensn otaWdl n lisettd feet, anid ex.
hatsteod t~ia1 It Dut as our
rough-mfunuf tea~mter assu.
'wa'n~'4hp'~r. o, Jut back
Stmengmfl o~pinhich w th
hfriksiotni* ifpqd Ob'tidatC ~ tn
aIt h diti- that
hitd so 4 4
l~a s ~b~ port ot
h Wmot rdlag
'cortoah i the aa, u are
.omnpod4.to iii atulast thirty mires from
it.' , Beyond thu for several miles, the coun
try is broken, and tle travealer riset by gen
ti plateau of hills and nountains, to the foot
range at the base of the great Sierra7 Nevo
das'. The mountains are sparsely covered
with several varieties of the oak, one of which
is very beautiful, and resembles, at a distance,
the appearenceof the apple'tree, and rolieved
at short intervals wills yellow and, white
pines, that increase in size and quality in pro.
portion to the ascent of the river.
Yours truly, J. D. B.
The SUPREME CoURT of the United
Staes, during the present week, has been the
arena of a most exciting and brilliant foren.
sic struggle. The contest arose upon a case
appealed from the Circuit Court of Georgia.
It is known as the case of Shultz against the
Bank of the Staie of Gect;ia, thotgh' there
are other parties to it, and involves interests
amounting to a million of dollars, or therea.
The cause was opened for the plaintiffs
by Gon. WADDY TUtoMrSoN, in an argument
of great skill and power. He was followed
by Mr. McA.I.ISTER, of Georgia, Mr. DA
vis, of Alexandria, the ATTORNEY GENERAI.,
and the Hon. Jnnx SF.IGEANT, for the do.
fendants. Senator BUTI.Et, of South Caro
lina, and Mr. WEBSTER, yesterday concluded
in beialf of the plaintilfh. So great an ar
ray of legal ability has scarcely ever been
marshalled upon a single cause. The case
was called on Monday last, and, from the
opening of Gen. THoumrsoN down to the power
ful effort of Mr. WEBSTER, there was a suc.
cession of masterly and brilliant effbrts.
The court room was crowded during the
whole tine of the delivery of these add ress.
es. Though a censiderable portion of the
time was occupied in discuseing, lewal points
which have, for the most part, but litte interest
for theI mass of public auditories, yet even these
were invested with the attractiois of popular
topics by the ability, adroitness, and conipre.
hensive boldness with which they were hand
led. There were few matters 01 fact immedi.
ately before the court of a nature to sustain
rhetorical episodes, but such as presented
themselves were touched with consummate
art. ,he cause had relation to the transuc
tions, of Somi-quarter of a century gone; liti.
gation was begun about the principal proper
ty in dispute as long ago as 18'20. Whatev.
er the rights of the parties may be, and how.
everthe intervening pleadings may hr.ve been
conineted, the closing scene was such a.
might well resimate a protracted caussr
hItigat, ho hahall been 1.1 t'ilhiatitly
resenited, may be content wi the result.
Great as the value of the subject of the suit
is, it has evoked a passage at aras. which
might almost c6peneate a contestant fur the
loss of it -Reipuhlic.
Regaita in Cgba-A Phila4iphia Tri.
umpjrh.--The New Orleans licivune trans
a~~LLo tie d Cuba,
a pje did re
gatta or seriso' trcs.m ~pc
at that. port on tlw5 meedmg Sunay ce
were eight boats satrted tor iJt irst match,
one Spanish, oihe h.'Prench,
rnanned by British seanienone e and
the other four English. Thio distance rowed
was two miles from the mole, and the match
resulted in the prize; the Franch haat won
seco and the (ioanthat'Ih-e''rsA~
not equal a second ma
evening he.tween theA
wasthne Frenchi boat manned
tber Jlishmen, both, rowiing six oars inste T'
mn of as at thme firsat timie. The Aime
the proved the victor, leaving her r 0
ex- way asarn 'ii - :t boat bel
...i ~ to be riv unpih.
J ~ ~ o the t the
~ ~ i the er is to
I toptfhat Knockingy
en some timo mtuch any,-' 3 beent for
aved!excitemnti at ltoche-r uimerest and
ver sequence oif certain mi -.rk, in conI
aIi by which, with the aid *ki aekinirs"'
nid. <her revelations we muf-g rowni girls,
l. .uand, anmd from d.- tromi the "spliril
.'re iig friendis. (r' aim on to their lhv.
flirough severail, ob: day after day
chj der. Question~ - :ness them wouii
tlrnmative or ne.~i - o' -med, and ana
heknocks or soon~j . re directedI by such
le.' &c ., as :h - li i* hou.e-flo'or, t-.
>tbad beasnow ad i pecitied. Th'le a f
it ahas ee rh . eploed after mn
colons ii Mu t their eneand
-anpuihe m have been written
thatl an mvhe' ~th subtject. It seimis
ta edi to conftat-i co~nmmiatee a appoint.
to ain t he: r .h thle spirits and ascer.
tof ii~tr m'I pupoe The first thmiig
h, ie i.* t rnattee-men did was to
~ ,in \ Iui*f ladies. tie their pietti.
rtaiad their anikle'a, pilacet thm
i. u~i an ~imlholthi feet quite still.
ni ii, the rudene's., t hat theimv refusedl
a ) i < aomunication while mime lanies
'' in m uramnce, and the coiniittee
lbto -express the op)inion that if a jury
v 11 couIld have been-r eiipmnnled on
S ot, the stipernatuiralI appa rait us wold
nen foundl concealed oin the persons~ of
Tui wil of thme .arquis d' Aligre, ~a very
cre'tro- mdvdawh'idsmetm g
mi Iaris, hias beeni sent to one "Cons.eel
& 'at" by the Minister of the Interior. It
ctins soiii very extraordin-ary provisions.
T he amount of his property wais, at his4 deaithI
valued at sixty mail lions of'iranes, but b-c-aime(
considerably 'depreciated at the timec of the
Ilate revo(ltion, aItlthough I it lias graiduilly in.
Icreased again. According to law, half of thei
Iproperty falls to his daughter, hi~s natimal
heir. Amongst othier pecnliarists lie has
'left 5,000,000O francs to' the poori of thle idif.
feredt parishes in which his landed est imiate
is situated, someI ofi whomii will biecoime, inl
contsequeceW, the richest indlividualI in t heir
neighlborhood. M. d'Aligre had a fancy for
hiding away in some of his residleiice inigots
of gold and silver; some are suipposedl to
hlave been lost, buit four have been found,
estimated in the inventory as wvorthi 1,000,000)
francs. Oiie of these wvas int the shap le of a
stick about twveuty inches long-N. V. Nun.
Tu'Im NEW WVArz.-Tfhe Parisian corres.
pondonce of tha Courier des Etats Unis, des.
crihes a now dance called the Scottivhi Waltz,
which he says. is now all the rago ini Paris.
His words are:
i'This step, which is the favorite one of
the English Queen, is a union of the waltz,
polka, and redowa, a gentle balancing with
alternate movements and repose, with pi rou
etts and slides. It is less fatiguing than theo
walt:, more animated than the polka, and
more graceful than the redowa. It is, in a
word, simple andl charming, a movement of
exquisite grace and agility, and one which pa..
'.ens may allow thair childran to narticinae
(Tacrleton.--Prices from 12 to 12
AmterVle.-Prices from 10 1-2 to
Trum WEATHEn.-For. t?. last week we
have had a- series of changes that have been
as valuable as they were frequent. From hot
to cold-from cold to h rt. At one time re.
galed with the luxuriance of a summer day,
and a a nother benumed with the cold of a
Mr. CLAY concluded his speech on his
compromise on the 6th, and alithough his
eflort was masterly in respect of eloquence,
and stinewhat in argument, yet we cannot
take his theory as a correct one for the
South. ie concedes too much, concedes
the very essential principle which the South
now stands on the defence for, lie affirms the
Proviso, in a milder but not less obnoxious
form, as far as the principle of the matter is
concerned, and whilst it recievs no favor fron
the South, it has very little more from the
hobieaded and obstinato factionists at the
North, and we hope and have every reason to
believe, tihe compromise will fail in the Sen.
ate. Yet another, it is hinted, will be brought
before that body, one slightly enclined to do
justice to our rights and one which the exe.
gencies of the times may demand its pasange.
It is, let the two sections suspend agitations
on the subject, admit California as a State ac
cording to her own constitution, formed by
her present population awd to waive legisla
tion over tihe remaining territories. Although
there is very serious objections in admitting
Californie, as a dangerous precedent, and her
immense landed area and promiscuous float
ing population, yet it is a compromise that
should be looked upon and considered favora
bly. It will crush present agitation and
leave for future legislation a question doomed
ever to be a stumbling hbwlk in ;hwwr foot-path
of the South. But tihe Unmion mnust be pres
orved, our n3 a fit lth 5ersent state of
the Wdhw detnand it and co" '-'."i'n a'ie
can sav" it, then v mhould we, not, on our
I ar,yield a littl - s a consuma
tion. One thin$ A alnost re.
duced to it certi. lavery acts
can pass Congr uthern votes
so in her own hiaidsUQ' their destinies.
On the 13th, the "Faewell Address" of
W- hington was put. tip and sold at auction
at PloIladeI lphia, to ther 1tev. Dr. Boardtnan,
J-- t; tif u V h[livevrr, much we
mw, r i r '. *.. -ument has
passed into the possessi. 1 1 .iate individ.
uni, we cannot but comneid pr.jdenef of
the Governr ent in not purcha it t such
en:z r t r' the cue
STurnUTE 'TO AMERICAN SKILL.-The Sul.
"tan of Turkey has sent to Mr. SA&ItUE. Cou~r
the inventor of the "revoilver" an elegant
snuf'-box, set in diamonds, of the value of
01,300, designed as an evidence of the very
high appreciation of his weapon entertained
by Mehemed Ali Pacha Serosbi of the Army
Cotrn WEA THnm.--A correspondent, of the
Boston Atlas writes as follows, under date
of Feb,. 6:
* Colid we~ather at Ihth, New Ihampshire
9 o'clock A. .w.-Mlercury congealeid.
"Thmermomete.rs standing fromn 31 to 4()
CmnoT.-Trle Iume .Iouarnal publishes
one of the N. Y. Sunday Tlimmes "Kalefornia
Korresponidence" and creilits it to the Boston
Post1, altho' the P'ost is a witty sheet, . stilj
the T1ime#s leaves it. lly-the-tbye we have a
.Mrs. Pavrtingtem,, in our townt amid Cne day will
try anid chariunicle sonme of thme savings.
Below will be found the result of the elec
tion held on the 14th, for P'resident and Di.
rectors oft thme So. Ca:. Raiil Roaid. Tlhwe eec
tin or Mr. Cowrseni tio thle P'rieitial c'hair
of the Cotampanwy, we idoubit not, will be high.
ly benielicial to its inmteres~ts. I ie is wvell
knownm as ai irenitlemcan of great energy anmd
fi nanc ial ski, amwl undewr his supierintenud.
ence, the road will no dhoubit lie greatly iim.
provedl and that with a strict regard to econo.
Sov-rn Canori.mN RAi. ItOAD.--At an
elect ion held yesterdaym, the followiang getme.
menci were elected P'resiidenit and lDirctwors
of the South Carolina Rail Roa'id Comnpanyi:
11. (u~~Gornni, I.om 1vc
\V. C . l)r wx ms, .(.arl rii.
G;. A. 'lT m.'sor.'r, IAo~~
Src'i mi~~s iKEo-n Foridiy, ih
Jams lwwr, wre iitrns conueil
01 0iiC 5w tI) o ~J(\VI. W. Puar.Egahi
work of chuild~~ inN---ucOn .Friday tigh
out, tes 8tim. the stCuemioa andGstrc
Alsof eor, ieterpiksw~ ing ; ellwiien Rev.I~
frhe ~resuto acidyen ~-iVliarc lo'ls
itor is sypod meansl icre byckin's aori.
ry; bust that iher imstaystlyi diietlo ye
w81 our thuaofhote re-buedin.-iatie in than at
ACuiei the FIoerst onalrendionlDistictl
-rimaot fornII Jacksond, Thedunietoo
tbe heardfro (are waynier nvitae whicho
Bti supped, wnl. ancrease Jacksonted mhjor
wit itte golm chand Frani, aluer date
o4f 31s Teemeray tatirpsml durnteda
14,fur lethosand,0 hose were lti that
A onmer fthYesoa adpliia
i It i
.o i ber h*
Wgarat h the
views of a few enatars. He was vey at-.
tentive to Mr. Balazs, and took some notes.
Mr. JRaszex's argument was very able, and
embraced all the points of Mr. CLAY's reoa
lutions. The -t;orther inen do not regard
it as conciliatory, -iit is: supppsed ithjt,- to
morrow,'the President will send a message
to both Houseswith the Constitution of Cali
fornias, and documents illustrative of the con.
ditiop, population, and resources of that re.
gion, and a renewed recommendation of her
admission as a State. The boundaries of
California are fixed absolutely and without
reservatioe, by her Constitution. There has
been doubt ofthis, but a Senator has ofered
to Phew me the proper documets on that ques
tirn, which jttle it, and, ifh~e~bosppdries be.
Chan d, the Constitutio 'must go bAck..
he California representatives" hipeak
proudly or their country. One of them, Mr.,
WrGMT, is a Geologist and Mineralogist,
and gives flattering views of.1he capacity of
the gold rWgion for utpre and increased pro
duct[veneed. Tl eire pecimnoas fgold quartz,
golden sand, antiqlue pottery, centaining gold,
cinnabar, &c., are very. interesting. They
considered the country as remarkably valta.
ble for cattle-raising, and vioeyardq. They
say that the country willsusthin in ease and
comfort, a populattin df ten million's. Ac.
cording to their accounts, there is a range of
mountains or hills running parallel to the
Sierra Nevada,.of auriferots quarts, yielding,
some two or three dollars worth of gold for
every pound of reek. '"Timon of Ath"no" is
beaten as a gold digger. The story dF-Alla.
din and of Monte-Christi is more than realis.
ed. Mr. Jarrmssex was charged with urg
ing, as an argument in favor of the acquisitiop
of Louisiana, the existence of a "salt :oti0
tain." But here are gold mountains. The
Sieur La Salle, as is recorded by Henuipen,
and others, intended after his discovery of the
Mississippi, to push his inquiries into a region
of golden prairie further west, and to force a
convenient passage by land and rivers, to the
"western ocean,' whereby the trade of Chi
na and Japan.will be commanded. How
wonderfully the visions of that bold and saga.
cious Norman have been realized.
There was a passage at arms, yesterday,
between Mr. Butler and Mr. Hale. Hale'
is a guerrilla chief-a lawless bandit-pos
sessed of fire and daring enough to renler
him dangerous. Bit Mr. Butler only speakb.
the sentiments of Hale's own part of the
country, when he calls him a fanatic or a ma.
niac. The Hause has passed a bill, allowing
the sum of 1,-225,NJ0 for the expenses of
enllecting the revenue for the latter half. of
4he present fiscal year; besides giving the
-ievtary power to fix the compensation of
revenue otlicers in California and Oregon..
This will answer every purpose. The Sec-.
retary of the Interior gave a hall and supper
last night. The humber present was five
WASHING TON, FEB. 13.
Yestesday was another day of deep inter.
est in the Senate. The chief matter was the
discussion of the question of referencoof the
California Conutitutinn,.and:it involved, inci.
dental y, the gree. testion of the <ay There
were a number rVsitions--to refer itt
thei mtniti~e mrtories, which no
hasjurisdictIon otr o. ' Bill-me'
refer it, t witalvl otiegsja
UCtny took occasioni to express his viemEin0
favor of a reference, and of the admission of
California. I may hero state that he made
clear, as he always does. his plan of prcecd
ing. lHe wished to settle all the questions
pending before the country in relation to
slavery and the territories; and his mode of
operating was, after the adloptions af hi. Res.
olutions, modified as they might he by the
Senate, to send those requiring legislaition to
appropriate Committees, to be wrought into
Bis. lie supposed that the California Bill
would not pass till after some two or three
months, aind that tihe other Bills wvould be
maitured and ready for ultimate action at the
Mr. Foote, whlo has devoted as much atten
iion to this subject as any one, and more par
ticiutary to the California question, as to
which lie is as well-inuformecd as any one, and
rather better, inasmuch as he is' the only
person here who has peraeied all the debates
and proceedings of thme California Conven
tion and other documents brought here by
Mr. Ross Brown, for p)ublicatmon, gave his
views, at length- Mr. Foote bears intimate
relations to the subject, being a personael
friend of D~r. Gwin, who is is family physi
cian, saved his life, and, as a politic ian, also
caused his election to the Sonate. Iast year
also, Mr. Foote took measures, after meeting
Mr. Douglas, before the late sesseiers, to in.
duco him to bring forward a Bill to admit
California into the Uniio-i, and to settle the
Territorial question before they would be.
come ai subject or ill feeling and'agitation.
Mr. Foote veheumently and vigorously op.
posed the admission of Cahmfornia ahead of
all other meaisures, and leaving all other
questions unsettled. Herein is the great
qIuestion of the session. It shook the Senate,
Mr. Benton proposes instructions to the
Committee to report a Bill to admit Califor
nia immediately, and indlependently of all
other measures ! Hie will, hereafter, speak
on the subject. His great fiuiht is to be made
um this question, lie is opposedl to any change
of the boundlries fixed by California.
Mr. CuAY mado a vigorous and very elo
quont speech in vinicamtion of his porition-mo
which ef1ert lie wvas incited by soei' reinurks
of Mr. FooTE, aind others onit of thme Senmatm, ini
reganl to the allegiance which, Sonators from
sulaveholmlding States owe'd to the S'outh. lie
wa much excited, when ho exclaimed that lie
know no South to which lhe owed alegtance,
and no sovereignty, except the Union and the
State of Kentucky, which lhad a clalim on his
allogiance. As to any existing or contemplla
ted Southenrn Confederacy, he know nothing
-hto did not belong to it, and never woul.
Ile gaive Senatora to utder.tande that lie wvoul
hold( themi to termas of recipirocal courtesy, andi
that lie woul resent remiaks made on his
couirse, as a Southern man, no matter from
whomu the~y might como. Ie stated, proudly,
that, Iast nighlt, hie received the Resolutions of
thme Kentucky Ileisaure, conhially approvinug
of his courso, and they were not prompted by
Mr. Buitler took the floor, and will give his
Mr. Calhioun is quite unable, at present, to
attend the Senate.
AN AMERICAN CARDNA.-The President
of Mexico annomnees, in his message, that
Pius IX. in order to manifest Ibis gratitudle for
the lively interest taken in his welfare by the
high functionaries of the republic and its
ecclesiastics, has signified his desire to con.
Ifer upon some Mexican bibhnp the dignity of
cardinal. A pontifical agent Is expected at
Mexico, and if this cardinal is made, hie will
be the first dignitary of that sort on this con,
tinent. ude ctp4sa.
Thre hunted ofpi shaesof all kinds
were found in one categepr.Mnrlybr.
Jllinois, on Christmas, wn4 wef pl tsdei
Bostx Tuesde Feb2-)U
The ateanbo bhodo sd la was lst a
on her voyagp front New York to On
Francisec6.' Nine of the Passengers and thrt
or the crew escapod in a beat and were' taket
on hoord of the schooner Mary Wise,of Thom
aston, Capt. - Crcket, frotih Now York, for St
Johns, P11. R. i'om which they were transfrrpi
to tho whaling bark Richiunepd, whlh c v
at Providence yhsterday morning. -
The remaining passengers and arew-32 If
numbbr, were loft on honrd the boat,' whilc
was in a sinking condition, and It is feared tha
they were lost, although they had one boat
and were cutting away the upper deck to make
a raft when last son.
Thrte more were drowned in attempting tc
reach tho boat. One of jhem was supposedt
be Mr. Showster, who had placed I& wife it
the boat and failed to securo his own safety it
When the mion arrived on board the schoon.
er thnre was a brig in sight about four 'miles
to the leeward. Ii is possible that they may
hav seen the wreck, or that the crew of thc
stramnboit imay havo reached her on the ral
which they worit naking. There is also hope
in the t'act that tho spot is in the track of ves.
.ols fron thu Wpst lIndies an4 the Gulf o1
The lllow ing account of the disnster fur.
nished the -Trareller by the second mate, whc
arrived in Richmond on Fridny:
At 3 o'clock 1'. M. on the 25th of Januar
th pilot l-f1. us outside of Sandy Hook, wit i
wind southeiast and a smooth sea, which con.
timuied until Saturday afternoon,*at which time
the winu hauled south and blew a gale until
Sundiay inrning-during which time the shil
At 12 M. althoug-ih the wind was lighter,
still there wnsa very heavy sea running, whicl
stained her so much that we wore obliged to
throw overlbord 60 or 70 tons of coal from het
deck to lighten her. ,
During thn afternoon, when thn sea had gone
down, sle went along qujite comfortnble, until
about 4 o'clock P. M. when the wind hauled
to the south-west, and blew a gale, so that we
were obliged to keep her belore the wind.
The sea continuod to incease and the ship In.
ioring very heavily until Monday, 10 o'clock
in the morning, lat. 34 30, Ion. 71, at which
tino the hog brace parted, causing the hog
frmne to work so as to throw the engine out of
line, so that it would not work, the pumps stop
ping with dh enginio-sbe now made water
I1er deck planks also ltttnd jiut abaft of the
engine. On sounding her we found there was
alnost five feet of water in the hold. IInvin r
intemka~wdw benI. vy tona struck her rud
der which h r pyhen I ropogIt'oving her
whiji all hmds laid all to :ocure the wheel
The patengersiin attempuing to latnch a
small boat, contrary to orders, got it stovo tn.
der the guard of the sh'p, leaving only two
boats on board-one of which. was immediate
ly lautnched and hauled utidor the hows of the
ship, where twelve person, including myself,
got into her and shoved off' clear of the ship,
when I made an atidmupt to Iay the boat along
side, and to get in.sonic more passengers, but
there was so much dangerof staving the boat
ihat tIe Captain saidKeCp her clear," at which
tim, he :t'u thle qla'f'on hoan, thirty
two in all, was e 6i, cttting away ie
apper-deck for a bl for
th boat to t, 'Wth ship
at w cdm aei eaedt
very faat. We wvrp'inta boaCren ,
a cold rein until dhfllghit, 'ifbhn we suaw a
sc(hoonerT to the leewtanl of us, Teachefd it, and
wvere taken on botmil whemre we remained until
Friday, Feb. 1st, one o' clock, P. M. ivhan~ we
wveret spoken by thet bark Richmond, of Provi
dceci, Capt. N4wifl, who took us on board, as
the schar. hiary WVise was bonnd to Porto Rico.
The followving is a list ofthe pa~sengers, &c.
on board the Rhode Island wvhen she left New.
Cnpt. ('eh-hv. Afr. Aill, first ale., Thonman
tlowsu-a, Joihn Thaoijen and two namen unknown
Nenin Eli Jacksoein. fir,-t enrineer; Il iinc~ietls'
meren,l do; Wme II Tlasler. third do.; Ihenry Amnen
lirennian; l)avidl Rloin, eo; S anirtn do; Wm
[iliah. dio; t):ei,-t I'neewiin. do; William fInrk,
ede: t'e'ier P'eterson, dea Wm I'ret, fir.: seeward;
t~auid Ilodgee. eecond ateward; Peter Ml. Prewten,
sce,nd~ cootk; cinria Trnias, utewarics; Jan,
I toflinan, dli; r,. Preston, ito. Triose reuenaed by
glh,- boat were lle.ainmin Boyd, ,r-conei mate;
[ichber teeyil. e,..-ne-n; Cluirlee Thompson, dto
John Sheppanl. do; Wmn. Sweeny, firemnan; Jte
David, do: 11. Jlankins, do; Itobt. lloyleat, Iat
cook, und~ Saml. iDoyles, nistant di.
I'isen~egrrs le/? ten loanrl.--.Mr. Shewser. Sir.
BIelows, Mir. titIlan, air. Forsyth, Mir. Pohie,
Jo1m i.y l'atrick Ir.tP (we namren not camkno.
R~rsolentg lear the Aoez.-Mira Shieweter, Wmn.
tteetiher. Wme Sen:ih.
[e~ manler,.tande ehe n~ ae not intiured.
Iirro S-rATrrA Mi4Tr.-Thie report oh
the I)irector of the .\int cotin~is a statemnent
of the entire coinaage of uthe Umnited States to
the, elose or the vpear l'449:
Ne~w Orleanen - - 37. tO3.795 27.'.59,2 i3
('he:erltete - - - :564.t37 2%.6
Th'Ieruei e beeun receivedl at the iunnmts, oi
(.alrmia goie, 80l~i ,b9:69.
The depoIite' oft git aet ilhiladelphia was,
in the yeacr 1847, $i:3.679,898, and at New
Orleanets, $i6,253I,2&3. Thieese were princi.
pallhy f riegnI coimn5.
Thm'ecom:~atze hais been smial' during the
yeaur 1l'8; because the Cohifornuia gold con.
mosolarge ajporteona of silver as to require
that the met as he seperated. Thr ncesa
ry chaneeges in the laboxratoery have beena mnade
andt perumtii, paymenL~ts wilI hereafter be made
'le dieoits at the fouer tmints duringr the
y'ear l't49 were $14 l.tkoii,4G1;o'f which 812,
2-13, I75 were mi gold, anrd $2,:41,25j0 in sal
Whlole coeinamge $1 1,1164,695 Comnposed
ini gold, 80,tR01,1, aned 82,114,450 in silver.
R.-moeral of lIorida india ns.-Gen. T wigga
haes, it appears, tiia y pereivmled on the Floir.
id lC h,<hans to con'sen t to emgae T1he fol.
I ewmg are s:ude to be t he termts eof the ag'ree
entt: (e til wearrior is to receive (b~eforc he
ges n hIo ird thle ho It) $500O, each womtat
8 I ta0, eachl ueinbI 8 !ttt. 1iowlegs himnsell
wi~l r,-caentelboltu t 1,ttt)0, an~d twoe or three
sub-C(ihi e abouit $.5,tHIt eI ach. Thaey are te
be piruved wee thl rettoins fo r one ye'ar af[tei
t heir atrrival tt Arkanisas, an td to beo gularan.
tied mt thte poessession1 of ther negroes. It ii
estinted~tft that the whole cost ofl the removal
willibe about $22,0tHI.
S4AN Fue:rsco.-'lThe burnt district i
San Franiscio wits beimg rebauilt with extra.
ordhinary rap 1idityi. Th'Ie fire occurred ,en the
2Ith, tad oen lhe 2'8th several honte framtee
had belaen erectedl. Two of them were wea.
thner- oarded and shaingledl. The frame oi
thae Exchaunge was uip, and was to be comple.
ted, as per contract, in sixteen days, at a cosi
of betweotn twventy-fiave and thirty thousan.
dollatrs...the builder. forfeiting one hundret
aend fifty dollar, a day for overy day bene
that period. L~u)bor was bringing 0325a
A fire,.proof calico isrejw mad. for ebilte
by immnersion tn phosphate of tpegnesia. J
.will ignite by contact witl flame, bijt' thef 4ec
will taot snread. Jt goa out immnaediaelt.
rwe quote 11 om
pon ther ret
the shore, etwn dopne
of his paSsengrs, ueatse et ex
etement, and threatened foa Produdmerious
consequences. The, pasoe r, wio had
been a .Wlzaing.4Ptain,. W 5 Wbu .va n.
gupge towards aptam'at "iast
struck him. ' Acufff& ensu 5dd id 'the
mdee the Mexican guaed-g|we vo soldiers,
armed with iei muskets and bayoneta, were
ordered to disperse the niob collected, by the
row In doing ihis, Captain Pearson received
a severe blow from a bayonet over tihe left
"Mr. Win. L. Hobson, of the firm of Cross
Hobson & Co., San. Francisco, received 'a
thrust from a bayonet, which grazed his side
and.'pierced his jacket. $eteril gcatlemien
were'bocked down bythit.tRtidiers, apiinvere
cruelly beaten on~hohead with;. & musket,
until the blood covered his che6k and coat.
The Anericins 'were unarmned; having left
their weipons on board. iad not this llen
the case a generai massacre must have enmu
ed. As it was, propositions were made to re
turn for pistols and attempt 'ie conquesto-f
the town. The guard however, was at Jength
"In this aff'air no blame can be attached to
Captain Pearson who merely defended him
self. 0lh justification of the Mexican cap
tain in commmhnd of tiit, 9ard, f'or th'eir in
terference, was thfit it w.IS done fr the pur
pose of rescuing the captain of the ste-smer
from violence. The ;guard, unfortunately,
mistook him in the fracas for the assailant."
The DAioTzn or LoRD NF.Lo-g.-We
see it stated in some of our ekchAnges; that
thE British Parliaimont has atjlast determined
to bestow a emmll pension upon. this:;lady,
who is the wife of an obscure clerg man,
(Rev. Philo. Jones,) is the muther o nine
children, isof dinexceptionalie character, and
very poor. ier mother was the celebratedt
Ladg 1I imilton, whose allurmemnts caused -
Nelson to leave his wife, and ,whose inilu
ence induced him to commit the gret a ime
which is the darkest stain upon his chaiacter.
We allude to the inurder of Caraccioli.
Nelson's brother enjoyed the title and es.
tate won by his valor, the la'ter amouting,
we believe, to ono hundred thousand pounde.
[lis si-oters, also received heavy .pensions
from 'arlhamien!, after his death in the battle
f Tramigar. N:'son himself wais buried in
I 'a I's-a costly mnotnumont- -erected- to
tPi.,t u~e his imemory-and lie continues, I
o this d .; to be regarded by the English
Nation wit lIN j pecies of admniration anount
ng atmo.,t i idolatry. -Yet Is natural &
lau hter- ily because she was suen
ias usufrnd to languish in obscure pov.
-rty, andi to bea%the consequences of those
ins. i spIte of which her father was the idol
>f the Nation! Tha appears to us a very
itrange freak.of just, it jsstice it be.
We cannot but rega. \'ho conluct of Nelson L
Stha regard to his wilt ,,Il Ih' whole liaison C
vith Lidy Ihmiltona, at.stnhin. But we 0
iubmit, that as the bh!g'?,r-l Entht dli4
tot think the less of hiu ..g>it. it Is rather d
iard tht the whole Waigi I theirAindgn.K
ion shouldhave fallen onl hm~.Vm)ipess and
The NArOLOW MOSEiT -i.--'Tie'
iotatit ofthe an versaT c
a , l807.f[on upIde iwading
f Wstphmaim;al 2, 18'0L 3. ie~w
sromnd;Dee: ' tVthe ha4 oAuifer
lits occurred; Dec. 4. t1 nra o n a- '1
qre4 Melr4l;--D'e. 110, 'rijs NaG I
ion elected)!rpeident. of'France; Dec. I13,
1799, Najaoleon was enamed first Corsmi; b~
D~ec. 15, 1840, theiremaine of Napoleon ar. s
rived im France; D'c. 10, 18~tm, N.apdeon.
was divorced from Josephine; Dec. 17, I1,'
MIaria Lou a, widow of Napoleon, dlied; Dec.
19, 1812, a':puleo:m returned to~ Paris from,
Moscow; Dec. 20, 180(6, Napoleoni fouftht
thme Russians at Garnovo.-N. 0. Picayune.
AcconDwo to Senator Jlentoa, Texais has
a gulf frounimer of nearly a thmousanid miles, a
circumnfere~nce of about five thousand mmilest,
and a surface of three hmundreud anti fifty thou
sa-nd sqmuare mimles. She is large enough to
make seven States of the first class ; and yet
sihe iis now demnanding to beo mnade larger.--I
Mr. IB-mton's bill prmoposes to reduce her at
oncme with her consent, into a state of abomut
15.001) sqm- re males; and eventual~v, into
t wo states of about 75,00J0 square mites each.
[(N. Y. Sun.
Min. Cusc~GMan, in a late speech, said a
hundredl thousand mdollars wourthm of slaves run
.iway from the State of Delaware every year.
One of the United States Senators fromu D~el
aware says half of the sum mentioned would
be sufficient to purchase all thme slaves in the
'TnEm whole qnantty of cotton go'lq madle
in the Union is estimated at (6'!0,th,tX)0
yards, of whmichi about 8(0.tK00.000 yairds are
exported, leaving 51,000,0(J fo~r home con
PumIption, equal to about 3M yards fur every
inhlabitant, great anmd small.--lb.
ATI-ADOLITvtON Soct ETT.-lt is said that
anm associat ion hast beena formed in New
York, called ths Pro-Unionist and Anti.Ab
olition Society, wh~ose object is the exposure
of the endls and aims of fanaticisma, antd thme
right of the $onmth anmd only time South, to
manage its internal an'airs andl govermemnt;'
anid to contrast the inequahmlty, amisery and
poverty of free whites wath thme comnition of
Rear Admiral Wornmley, of thme Br-tisth
Navy, with his family, have taken up their
residence at Newport, ft. I.
A QUEEN ANNE's FAntan~o..-Antiqua.
ries and Collectors of Coin, have placemd great
value upon time farthings coined in the reign
of thme English Queen Anntie, of which there
are biut tharee knownt to be in existenm :. One,
we believe is in the Enaglsh Mint; thme secondm
in the Ilank of lihtlawl; anal the thtird was.
sold at auction yesterdlay lay Mr. Benmjmini
Moouney at 14 Platt streeit. This famrthiig
was sold in London somei yeamrs rm'o, by
Christie. thme fanmus auctioneer, .05(), It
wass purchmased yesterday for $310t--ibd.
ETThe Royal College of Chmemistry have
declared the praictice of remnoving ice fromt
time sidewalks, by sprinkling salt thmereon,
highly detrimental to health. They samy it
brings the immediate tem perature down to
several below zero, and thmat thme maoisturo
left by it is of suach a descr-iptioin that boots
and shoes wvill retain it for several davas.
TELF.oRAPH; Tiio~~o THE OCEAN.-Thet
Scienititic American is auathorised to state
that an extensive gutta percha mantfcturer
of New York stands ready to lay down, atno
guaranty its inte-ity for tenm )earu,.a line
acroirs the Alatft of perfectly ipsutated wiry,
enyered lithgi pqrcha for a sum t nte
exceedtlr.JSWRo jr.te p~or toe
mkentat th 'Ct Prisoti li- 1%*o York 1
duriii the year I0II was I8.01*.
for01 - 'iiml. Si
A 'Iumv,$ nU
ohas rebut~ltf) 0l ~UCi
ing III'e u$Ie or Itslt~a
Sn O"T Fsii , Oj
gor I oilp
tin-, is w:,h.J 'byte
been: muore Itelnto at I
tivi Czir wvoud 44
door tr 'cu;ifrihl
ad tilt f iN ~ P'*
of decorattnk a' r~a~jwtA
them. that tile W, r, ~ 'iiZ
ho nd evori.A.
wear thenmaiJ.Ai iiicd .ij
England- anu:d-EupH 'r'
,-ierfuichersOg the hlk-1~
L n ihi citaloorue 0.- EPA 4rPe4~
lcy i ae~b 'elrgp yco~
1hr verisrgajzttej as jjcfafIj4A $.
ang W',ar. I
CA rJ~IvtA,%iPOAT Q
ins prepirc a- cot-,or asr"~ viiiip
L po:. tile forigrpurois ybejjj
ipon .1 cluster oigrapes.:, p ;or
tnrpreventato fMnrr oaw.h
roII mII.Ch lit ofic hand-u,
i We Irm 'r ~ta pick atiti a-,p~
rnasure. 1k::thq midjie. iRu.rvPert ,
ire neen tmno.li 'h419
1110W chill tops .f the 1:ti
11010 toIhlia o?~e~ II~1
nterez4 has JI pu di
F9 -is~ %vefi) themerf
'Ie Jcigreo fir' ryft rO
iVid to i'qtiire. into tepo~~th
vith the jisater of a !iece,&e v,44,
ort.10 -,hat -they find,1t0knn,~
etne, that mavrringis 'offhi* j;jf4d 0irtnF
'itc4 by, dispetwatictin .n vt
l~o Cotint i nw-~e o - ,'
130 Tha (&loujv ql j vi
li, Countess 1 , tha I iu I
loirfy ddTW.rent. asops and jiddu'doifily
flt rticka; 'b' twenty: ~vidve
at I Wo icea and Ai jelly. Wthp.1 do4#r'
it. calla and pie - up a atorv ait ec6.
rcss ifg ot he op;!% . e~
AM In.. hetafrge.t
ind far the ol~tviO
Jrl1 agivan, Ly a.