Newspaper Page Text
day, loth byttry,
said th- t e l more i
Y ddl a that he h
ad po to thisM
t - ,. rtorm-they
t ri--and it was but
4 sn meet every question
InI a. l and calnnes, thait the
ato ant country might know that they
were disposed to discharge their dities. Ie
na in favor of a full consideration of this
S bject, and opposed to any reference of it to
X;y . a do hiiteWtill levery-Senator has had a full
op ortunity of e;pressing his convictions on
f th k I on; fid, whet sich an ititerchange
of opinions had -taken plate, the committee
would be better advised of the sentiments of
t6 Senate, and such a report as could be ac
ceptablo as an adjustment of tie ditliculties.
rihere was, aso the Senate well knew, a
storm ahead; indeed, they had already felt its
Ie would solemnly say to the majority-to
those who nowhad the power in Congress
that it'was unwise for themn to seperate this
question of- the admission of Cailiornia from
thoether questions involving the subject of
slavery. When it was once acted upon, all
control over it would bo gone, and the con.
til'once parted with cannot be regaitned.
When Calif6rnia shall be once admitted,
there was no mode of gettinig her out again,
S ajd4hen-there was n mode of having control
of the matter.
lie was surprised yesterda y when such a
disposition-was manifested to hrry Califor
nia:ihto the .Union; comting, as that manifes.
tation did, from such an imiposing soure.
To those who are thus anxious ie wonl say,
that if California was thus admitted, the ma
ny subjects involved in her c:se arc placed
entirely beyond the control of Cungress.
This subject should be treated-and as he
Wis disposed to treat it in a calin and dispaa
siofnte inalner-in good temper, and with an
ardent desire to what is right. lie was as
desirous as any one to save the Union, if that
can be done with justice to the rights of his
The Senator from Kentucky had said, Ont
yesterday, that he owed no allegiance to the
South, E ast, North, or West, and would re
tognize no allegiance to any Southern con
fetleracy; that 11 allegiance was due, first, to
the Union, and next to Kentucky.
Mr. Clay said thlat he did not remcmhber
haiiinth used the words north, south, east and
vept,%ut they expressed what ie did say
thap. he knew neither North nor South, but
the hl616 Union.
r. ntler said that he differed from Ilth
Smator fromnKeniuck y in the order o. hi
, allegiance. He (MSr. B.) owed all his allegi.
aiceto S9outharolina, amnd through Souitl
Carolina 'to the Union. lie owed ito allegi
aned to the Union, save what he owed througl
-- e didnot think of disunion; there were
none at the South who dreatmed of disunion
as a thing to their, advantage; ott the, contra.
t ,e k w thlat the people there wurnnld re
tonorrow, if their representitatives couh
an honorable adjustment of this dif,
bject-not a cogjromnise, for .they
ipg to cumiproinse-butk an adjust.
-nAnrityihen0,tld weigh this sub.
-.they. act. Thero could b<
promise. v,"outh -had r"Ihint
leu (VOthmg P7,:*ZOa1prt.i--:: aml
n tWnijority, and powerless, thej
k tth- majority to repose some termi
. tflefJert. If heha ii vay, he would
afarhis ija sqbject'to Northnri
-hat. me re th e
11 ft ull at temnrrt A5
h~uitted ss tate. but she
'l4nutp admtited-unsler presen caircmm
tsce LiWe neofde of California hiid fram-i
&' goVernett .for themselves. They had,
tn so ting cotmmiitteud an act of uisurpatin.
'i Io meant nothitng ofyensive by applyingg~
term; but hie used ti is: N~l~ de-.
Th9t'llillmnow States may be admitted by
the Congress into the Union; but ito new
State shall be foarmned or erected withmin the
jurisdieition of any other State; nor any State
* be formed by thme junction of two or moure
Stites, or parts of States, withiout thme contsent
of the Lagislatures of time States cotncerned,
as well as of thme Congrecss."
If Georgia-the largest Southern State
thtu aght proper to divtde her territory itn
..tyo states, and presenit herself htere. without
fsthaaing obtained thte consetnt c' ' -ess
*with four Seniators mstead of-tw-t
the het be called, and justly too, ,
- ion on her part! Somtetiing mtight I
about thme itnherent right of the peop~e to self.
government, but the act would unuiestionta
bl ean usurpation. Congress might adopt
the usurpation by contcedling to the act, as it
had in the case of the niegotiattioni of a treaty
by an agenit whose powers had heent revoked,
uit the act of usurpation would nut time less
h~e the fact.
Thme people of Califrnia had no power to
form t 8RAtegovernmnent withmout htivinig first
-' btained the consent of Cotngress, either ex
Colifonia ha;forme a State govcernmetnt
iit only in violation of a'h precedlents, but of
Lall usage. Thley not onily calledl a conve-t
tion, and formed a constitution, bitt have ac
u. 1hy defined time boundary of their State,
and that without contsultinmg Congress. Th'Iis
-et rwrs without a parellel in time history of
the. admnissioni of all the States. It. migut be
said that time qiuestion of b~ounmdary was an
iftsimportant umeasutre, butt in his oinmion it
w~as one of the highest importance. T'he set
tiement of boundaries was otne of time highest
privleges of the nationi, and can only belong
to Cpngress; but the people of Cliforniia
-have arrogated to themtselves a power at war
'with thd rights and interest of a'l time other
entertaitled to the admnission of Cahfoirnia.
There were othters.
-Have., the -people, of California comopliedl
vwith ihie requisitions of thme treaty in regard
1aothe persons entitled to vote ! WVho were
tihh voters on the adoption of tit constitutioin
*f~id for the fnemtbers of tihe convention !
Were they whites, blacks, or Inidians ! From
whiat class of voters did this cuonstituttiona
epnanate 7 There was no instance before in
'the history of the States, where Congress dlid
not establish anid define who should be vo
ters in time territories on time audoptionm of a
S~ttate government. -No State had ever been
aidmitted to the Unuion, or had been allowed
to form a State governmetnt, without first
having had a census taketn. Thtis was doine
in Michigan, Iowa, WViscontsin, atnd Florida.
Never before wvas a State prescntedl for ad.
bassion, without these three prerequisites
bin tg first beetn complied with.
T owva, it was true, hmad tno power given to
liet by ant act of Congress to forum a State
t onstitution; but whent she caine here with
hier,.coistitution, shte had assuimed certainm
boundaries, with whtich Congress would not
.'ageo She was reftised admittance amnd senit
back. But in this very act of seinding her
*-scto alter her boundaries in her constitu
nthore was an implied conisent that shte
S g eorn a constitutioni. Wisconnitn had
uiso direct consent given to her, but Oongress
'~pssed anl act allowing~ her two representa
tidniYin Congress, and ti was an implied
Sher torm a State government.
1d applied for hovera yeam for ad.
p~,and wag finally admitted wvith Iowa,
e$nt or understadingthat otno
skey Stte hdui coehito the
I-, ~ ,14WhIr~J In the cned of' Mlchiguan,
ohh uin express promise to be admitted
tbert~sin .e.uite. wone compnied wirh.
CaUlIiAiesents. berself admmIoqn
into the Union witho ny leave :bqing
grantqd for Ir tn a te Go ning ,
witt .. es & hhao
i e en, ~wltt any Iitlo or
gulatioron the subje9 of vo)I ; aun4he
greatly fparod th6tithisl brou aboh\%y
the policy or the'Adinistratioi,.which'lias
suggestive of this course.* There' had been
an efTort to avoid the questions which this
subject presented. To avoid the Wilmot
Proviso, the Territories had been left in a
skate qf anarchy, and now Calirornia comes
here in a worse condition than with the Wil.
not Proviso, for she comes here claiming
rights and privileges which she has taken to
herself by an open act of usurpation.
.t was in the power of Congress to adopt
this ursurpation by a retrospective act; but if
you sanctify it in )nle case, you set a danger
ous precedent, which will be set up in all
times hereafter as binding on Congress.
Under such a precedent, M inesota, Nebrar.
kin, Deseret, Now Mexico, and several States
to be forined out of Texas, will qet up a con
vention, adopt a constitution, and claim a
right for adinission into the Union.
lie had heard of kings exercising their pow
er by creating new peers when votes were
wanted, but such a power was nothing to the
one which such a precedent will place in the
hands of an Executive of this nation. If so
disposed, our Executive may, by his policy,
create new peers-new sovereign States
whenever lie may want their votes to aid his
Administration, and Congress will have no
power to check this thing, for the precedent
once set, becomaes binding.
I1 had no fears of the two gentlemen chos
en from California; one was a native of his
own State, and an acconplished gentleman;
the other had already been vouched for as
worthy of a seat in this body: lie had no objec
tion to then personally, but lie would say to
them) that, if they do oetier the Snate, they
cannot do it but by bre-iking down the barri
ers of the Constitution.
Ile had great fears of the temptation which
power aflorded. The majority had upon
thei the responsibility of the %%hole uitter.
They itiust, im order toI satisfy the people, do
something inore than admitting new States,
or presenting patchedl-up compromiises-they
must do soiniething givinlg greater security to
the initiority than is aihrrded by such inens
The whole atteinpt to exercise the power
of excluding slavery was a measure to obtaina
doiitiion. It is to get the power forever to
exclude the 811th froii otice, and to take it
all for one section. It was in etliwt, if accoin
plished, the sair e as to pas an act declaring
I rhat no slaveholder hball hOld11 anYi oflice of hioii
or or profit, uiless he agree to terms of sub
serviency to other interests.
Suppose a war was declared to-niorrow,
and it was proclaimed that all the territory
and other property obtatied iby congItiest. was
to be given to the Tinon-Slaveholdinr Stateg
what man in the Slave States woutd take a
coinmiissioi to serve in such a war ' Yet, in
point. of fact, was not the very eflorts and the
inetteures of the North to eilblet the samie
thing I .. But had the North no ult&rior end
to aecomplish ! 11:d the North no doctrine
which they'desired to be now establishad;
and which was to bind ihe Union for all time
It was to establish a doctrine that- thlh
thing was presisted in. It was admitted by
all that the Woiuit proviso was innecessary.
i was rontended .h-laws of nature and
o Me slavery. Vhy, then,
'34 1 a ted upon1 It was to es
. . .e which was to govern !1
Mutur ?k:tuisitions. This doctrine was un
just, and violative of the great principle of
equality. And were the South to subtirt
Ouietilyh a c n not onlvF
they re'qiire the South to yield all tihe Con.
stitutioni guiaranutied them-perfect equality.
Ilo i had ofpposed thie acqluasit ion of aiiy ter
ratoery; lie had predicted th..: evil coaisequences
whaih wonii resuilt frtein it. hlut he hoped,
c.L IbirCe) jnida me,~ y thiing whiachI would
be a de'radation for them to accept.
.Mr. ladger said lie would st.eite soame of
the ruasonis which would ianduce himai to vote
against the adanissioan of Cailiforia, un~der time
present circumstances, aand whly he shul d
vote agaiist the inlst ructionis to1 thme cornainittee.
lie hiad opposed the acquisitioni of any territe
ry from M~exico, and, wh len the tre.ty wvas
under conisilerationi, hand piroposed aii niend
mneit to it, which, if adopted, would1( have lire.
yenated tha t acquiisit ioni, anid wou ld Ihave saved
the counitry froan its piresenlt conafusion anid
If the Seniator from Soiuih C.irlia ande
0one or two olisers h-id vote I wvith lual on thait
treaty, the acepsai.ition could hwve been lire.
M1r. Blutler said that w~hien lie had opposed
the acquisitioni (of territory, it was biefo~re thic
tie of thle treaty. Wheu~n the treaty caine
before athem, lie thought. the cunit rv was lioo
far into thme dal il It y, and tint the 4only wiay
to get out was to adopt the treat v.
Mir. lbdger stiid that CAilitoria presenlted
herself here under c:ircumaistanices vastly dif
ferenit fromai aniy atteniinig the admliioni~a of
iany o1 her State. Ca:liforiiia hail no t erritorial
goveronient prior to the adoiptioni (f her coni.
stitumt ion, and t his lie con-iudeered a mn iinpo~rtant
mai~tter. Congress hiad the sovere:gnty oif theP
hiaid Mlichiagani was iisdaiiitted wvit hout havmlg
liad an act of Congress to anuithrize4 iier to'
foran a conistitultiona, but.S MichIigani bielongieed
to thait p('rtiona of territory to whichl was guiar
anitiedl the right of adliiissioii as a State, itn.
der certaini c ircimnstaincesa, which hiad tran
II at CahI fornia had no territorial govern-.
ment, which was ne cessamry ini order to kanow
who waisto be represenited--whio was ti tbe
subinttcd into t he Unmin. Thi oUnIJited Statme
having thei sovereigty of the Iminnd, the coni.
senit of Congress, time agenits of ihe Un iteud
States, was necessa ry to thle foriniation of a
State governinent by thle p' eple ofi ( '11hforia
It was ani act of reviotioll on the:r pa~rt---a
wvresting oif thle sovereigmty troain t'e iand
of the powrer holding it bcy thle Conistituition
aiid the provisionis e'f t hm treatyV.
Mir. II. thien examsianed thle ditferenit arti
c'es of the treaty' of Guatdahupe, contendiing
that, tunder ifs art icles, the people14 of (,12hforn-.
ia were only to he naintaed ton the, righhts andl
privileges ofi Amtericani cit izeni. whlen Con-i
gress shuld think it piroper to) do so. lIn con-.
sidering thin t reaity, it had beean imiiaituaied
thait Congress shimId ret ain ithiis pri vilege' oif
exercising its disc ret ion as to tt.e admaiision oif
the peopcle of Csdifornaia evenl toi tie riht of
the .4Americani citizens. Them Seat. hv a
very dlecidl2d vote5 of4.0 to 1s, hado decied111 iln
favor of this provision. Whtat becameii f aiill
thi'ir pruidence and caution, if thle people of
Califorinia hatd thle right to set up a State
govcrnmient, and to ho admitted here it anyl
timei, withioiit that consenlt having been givenl
lie wvas an advocate of strict adherence to
precedetnts. lie was opposed to anyv depart.
tire from precedents in this case of California.
Ire was, also opposed to the consideration
and settlemient of this subijec't withlotit any
reference to thie other subhjects connected
with it. Thley otihit allht* he settled upon
somie firm basis. ie thought this piractica.
bile, atnd thie Uion could be p reserved, lIe
adopted the sayinig of Gletferal .Jackson-the
Union inust be0 preserved. Hie agreed withI
wvhat had been said, thmat a full andt careful
eonsideorat ion or the snhject shouldi be had
before any action, and that, every Senator
should extpress his views oti it. lie had
stated hi. objections to thme admission of Cali
fornia. . They were well weighed by himn.
Hie was however, open to conviction, itt
could be huhiown.to9 him that, Irv adhifItingct
folrna, anythin :ebjid (btfed, any thit-I c
Iffbotet to the tei r'ho distratthe
dueais iIdoft1th var1U the promia 11
lf siaf h, he would ..will,%y ti
'imI, and vote fo r pdllon.
Wditorial rrev Oadence of 4 C ral ti
WAEHINOTON, D. to
FyOHIr, Fn n 15, a.
Fjt][DAY, FEIJCAnY ll53TH,
1'he Caljifornia Question-Speeches. in C
Senate and House-Mr. Butler and M.
Iale-The State of the Republic 4., ct7
As was anticipated in my last letqr, ?j IV
President sent in him -Message on Wdnr'
liy, presenting t he Constitution of Califormus
ind her prayer for ;dinission as a State, a il
the recognition of lier Representatives ha ent.'i
itled to seats in Congress, which has openedA
1 new field of debate. The action of the t'a
liouses thus far you will find fully reported
in the Washington papers--iny purpose (as
before statedl it these lettere, being ncrely
Lo supply mnfloriation which it is not the pro
vince of the regulir reportsn to record.
A profound sensation has been created by
this poposition, and the "ttig of war" between,
the North and South has now begun actunly
to take place-the precededent discussion be
ing only in the nature of sharp skirmishes
leading to no very definite results, but tending
univ to show the plan of the eninpaign, and to
mark out the battle field whereon the struggle
was to take place.
Preliminary, however, to these discussions,
Mr.IA.E of New ampslire, had consumed
the entire time of the Senate with the pre.
sentation of petitions from persons purporting
to be residenta of lennsylvania and Mary.
land, whom the Senators from those States
disclaimed and disowned any knowledge of,
praying a dissolution of the Union and legis.
lation onl the subject of slavery.
The question of their reception provokel
much bickering in the Senate, until at last, o,
the second day. Mr. IUTI.En'S patience be.
ing exhausted, lie rose, with a bundle of pa.
pers in ins hand, and rebuked the New Iimp
shire demago.ue in a most inapressiv anid
cutting manner, properly designnating in tertm.
of contemptuous indignation tie course and
conduct which lie had thought proper to pur.
sue, to the interruption of important public
business nnd private claims, for purposes of
mischief and annioyance alone, aund With no
motive save the factious one of kindling up
The pulblished report of that rebuke con.
veys no adequate idea of its severity, or of the
signal character of the castigationt intli.ted
for the retort of Ml r. I I.'A-: looiks very well in
prinLt. Those who were present cannot soon
forget the scornful surprise of Mr. J3tyrr.rn,
that the Senate should qniet.ly tolerate such
annoyance from a source which lie desigqa.
ted as "a maiserable minority-a inischievo1s
incendiary-or a madman;' nor the feeble
attempt attempt at blustering defianco fal.
tered out by-the person so properly rebuke.l
With the true instinct of the clan to which
lie belongs, Mr. Itale attempted'to verify Mr.
Butler's statement by striving to make capi.
tal ont of the correction so sternly adminis.
fered-but under all his assumed indiffer.
ence to the assault, the wincing of "the
galled jade" was plainly perceptible. Sniar.
ting under the clistisemeniit 11e at the samie
time with quivering lips proclaimed hs *"
difference to it, nuie sheltered hinuiof utn er
the rights of his constituenta--as 'hough the
.Quakers anid -'Ladies' 0 'u 4
anly copyrtitu io
oharation a ..
Haipshl?' i >d'T f~ ronih cir.
ard vein' .* lintler thrm'edowni nis abl
the ya - - - e held io his 4iand, and latahed
abIud m paostrjeering and :contempt.uouts
nie a ioabl-as a commentary on lhe
menf tenor ofhIas way as though hie hia. not
heard what the whole Senate an4 , a ry
were wonderfully amiused at. Atnd yet. to
read the report one would supplose thiat Mr.
Itale came off' wvth colors flymtir . 2m
beating-wherens lie was fo'r-ed to be C -
tre , . d r . a so o o n - g
l'he hrnng lofsiyic. here who till tIe g
eries are Nor~ hern chieely, few Siouthern
>etlple tarrying bong in this nmetropolis--but
he sympathies of the audience on this occ~s
ion were evideuntly ag.tinst thi chaminjon it
lie ight of' mis cia-mkmnv.
A better representaitive foir thne nMhr!p
> the North l(for theii bulk of his p'~
vere froin those wvhiom he stated to b-- -
lbes,"') than Mr. I hale could not lhe fornl?1
us capacity fnor anythiung abowe innr -,
aking or scolding is vermy Ilinmited. Ii te a
tont, vulgar, onhn ary lokingr e~n xI
lot hinig hike Igh intelligenc e or rei. neu~it
ni his tace,--ut with an obstistatr ci n.*ti
:eited expression o)f coiun~teace- w 'h a
waiggeromg ii ancnr and unilii'l. re.
It brass wvelI mubbiled, coublh pai' - orent for
ol, lie might be recogmzned a-i inan~i of
orce; but hi' appearms to Infinite nae aid
'antange in the: F''.eers ihan Ihe ,.- \n i upria
n-rtiomt, es-peianlly afiter sn1 . 't etilo'
ltwvn,''as lht receivedl fromt our I .ess aind
A habit wich M\r. II ibe bi w, w.onrita.
cd, of prtr6udin.1 his umtler hp, .aik to the~
iinpleasaniit exprmessiont of his c.j e-and ii.
bough hi' seeuins alnibitiou oi tnthe lead in the
''ree Soil taivernnt, lae yet w in t copef.
ed by the uiinrlInnlate hack iof abtihty, to fol.
ow in thme footnstepis o thne inmre astulte, t hioiigh
e'Ss inasolenit Siator frout \..e Y mork-.\ r.
I giv'e this correct versn of this little ini.
ident, toshomw Io nWiindequat e ant iten of te
e.cinrrence- Inere' en e~ derived front thme
eginlI r reports--whic1 are accuirante asf /1 iS
hey go. but beinig m'r/ ske'ltonu (blt h~ne, dlo
nit aib1rd thle spmectatn- a full licturei of the.
ilntit interesting sce'les exhibited oat these
.\s betor e rniarjd, the Northn.rnt I're
iasn its litvr-rs s:r mgly putedl hemre, and nif
-nurse oumr''ii n'urhern inn~i are ahvivs miadet
'o playv a secoindiiyjpirv anm. It as to be Ianoped,
soweverm, th-it tin:.~i tint lheapj lbe ilthe cse
-ut thnat thne Notheitriin 1.tin u nI sooin assiert
uis re'lbt tn employhi les owin artists, I ba~t lie
nay -d~si 'take! a pilace ini thne ptit''e ma thlt
lespatchnes toin thle Coni ci liials ans ever
rom the batitle-tielI, as ht nntimemors not
mexico attesi . The ma~innier in w intch piet i
'ins arne s til to lie preplared~ fir thet piurpose'
i thiisfratrumu/ "agntatnin iS as follonw~s: a Ihst
it tnamtes is otbtaiiined to someia petitionu n an
ither subhjecnt, (ehielly ten~meranice,) after
vhinch the ianas aire ecut onff and aillisedn tnt
mother jiititiuii, inn thne subtjieic tto slaveryv.
~min, hownetver, thne fabtrics nut itf thIn wleln
diol ith ad lhi linaies ot nianamvr persons api.
,teinedl-..-for .'ulr. ~\ alt's, thle Seiin-r Inr on
)clawav~r-, decianredm thne othnr dary t ith
sames attitnebnd to ai litont presentein i then
knte~t dal nit beIiir~ij tnt tny pesn resmb'int
tn th Icoilutry fromn wh ithI it purposrtedl in
SicmI aire tin e n',slies. atinh stachi th l istt rna.
anfnttn of thins "tinlly \Vari,"' in whnih thnnse
iniiierni Phaismees aire sinvnaitly etng:rt'd at
si e tlistine trln dainger--ndni enlinally ite
note fromtn consuderatinis of fairness anmd I ra
lunt to recuir toi thne Cifornia d iscu ssioins.
n thne S'entat e, siome shiarp thoinntag has takes
ilace betweeni Mr. CIlav andh Fomtie mn thne
imiject of referrinig the maitter to a p~ecianl
jommaittee-proposed bny Mir. lentrnt, with
lie piroviso thait Mr. Clay should lbe its Chair
nian, in thme course of which Mr. l''oote put~
iomec hluestionis to Mr. Clay, which awakenied
"Mr. Clay saildnat I-c haul beeni frequently
addressed as a represientative of a slave Sta--e,
intl as owing allegiance to the Sotith. i~e
wnvnd ino allecgiance to the South. lie knewv
10 South-lhe know no North. le knew his
Itninim nnr wotid duhiarn thea, lie e.
;o, rwhom he dr
w% 4 oh. was tieTs Union-the prh
h tho qther was thiState of Ken- '
"I p sing hlis 'esolutlois, he'- had WI
oUglit if they wore acted on affirina- wil
voly by e Senate, he would them refeyred and
appr riate coumitteos, where, upon such
reg'inhd kctionbills might be reported.
rryingrout their object. If one treasure
m reported a little inoner than another, he
)uld take it up and pass it, trusting that, af.
r the adopt ion of the re-solutions, they might
ist each other so far as not to require si
iltaneous action on each particular hill
rrying out those resolutionis. So it was
th the admission of California: let the sub.
,L be referrei; let it be reported by the con
tten; let it be acted upon by the Senate.
the meantime the other points could be
itured, and, as one was disposed of, take up
To.day, Mr. Butler led off in a very clear ofi
- ..on:ise statement of the objections to the
weuitn of CalilOrnia as a State, (which I
you will re-publish,) and was followed
i. iagor, of North Carolina, who also
ted his own constitutional objections *I
ts procedure in a very luminnus manner.
iihe lHouse, Mr. Hilliard made ant able
I 'i i: behilf of $outhern rights in Coln
I tet of ti Whole, and Messrs. Stanton of
oesse, and loge, of Aiabaia, also full w
Ithe same traek. bhe spirit of their "
'o.; (1)hh of which were Wtr.ingly South- pr
can Ie judged of by the fol loving- ex.
t., froi all Edtorial in Ihe Republic of this is
wg, whi gives then the following re
"arate notice." The words I hi:ve itali- in
uare wortlhv of note-thly ican more tit
tweets the eye, for they inidicate the idea V.P
t upon with much zeul by Msers. Root
u l n in their speeches of to-dayi, to which N,
TieIly Anihority" Organ 1:egins: t
1 rbruX- XXtts' As l)IsUNtiON.-We have
>td time thit mnight have been better "
htt to the perusal of the Lte specclies of d
I Of A!aaman. aid Mr. Etanton, of
.1 M, upin the poilicy of the adlnintistration 1
ard to Cahmornia and New-5Texico. ti
Jhihit (,f theose speeies seeais to be to tir
pri r. tlie hearts of the Southern States for b
!-' i ,r rerolatiion. It is right to call #I,
I i-v their rierhit nameis. When mien talk g
i A.- aI ai.t olytion, they talk of trea
i u les of eig'e~rent. This is the
b al it it quita tinie that the truth were
An !laiflhynore to the saine el'ect, winding
Up Wilthe two followiig extracts, as very
Sshockit the first from Mir. Stanton:
" mJY may be possil.le that the dentinant t
m ijr 1 in th'e Ho w liuses of Congress wi I
have lltrensth, to secure thei admission of'
Cah.for, andi tlt they will blindly exercise
the pom thr possess. I hiope that I nay
nerer *itat'faal day! - hL.t should-it colie
in,spiiyr mIy f.'eble lepreeations, 1 shall be
ready -ineet it with whitever sacrifices may
be net(,-arv to dcend the initerests of the
people: t he whole So':thi ii-IV not iinediate
ly undltantmid the full extent of t heir danger
it to P ble the evil day of separl tion may
h6 P-itoned yet a while loBer. t 1 sol
.emil yelieve that day must come, as the in.
Nvitabi 0nsequence of Ithe actitisprpoed
to ac plsh. * * * Out if California
be for' utin us, without such anm adjust
I moeat. tile questions involved in that men
.ure,' $/all b rieady if make the fnal struug
hIe i;e-ygruaind--I shAll be prepared
ot lie fouthern people in whatever they
m . erijnqe-oven II oug-h it he to nha,?
<t Union hen the rights of ihe South
ert l riafnot be otli-ilse protected."
uvyll .%t thisnieeans
ani 13"I ! in r pe
woii ion or revoluton, ightu(il
authditted see 'At to ndmit Calhfornia as a
"g'he Mfectinig of the convent ion wiill be
i4rrial: abomuti the sainiie uiine throughout
tet5 ich tenid to Iine e'stranigeiment o
the people ir. n: the Uion will necessarily he
initrodlucedl, anid augmenit, wit hout measure,
the present excitemenit. Withl therse causes
of agu~gravaitioni, who cn es1 itiat the force ai
the! pressuire fromn w.ithotut upon tis convent.
Theli Coeitine'ntal Cny.ss of '761 we re
.iEwi ept nv by th stioriin of ippular l2Xtcileimit
to lhe decu'liretion of Am'erwan i indlependence,
wvh ch forever .ssolvedu our unioii withI L Grer
liritain. Then nets of misult and injury' wh-ch
kimdled t he tires of the rem iut .e n w here ti
vialI, in cioiprison, wahi lthoise wvhebh nov in
ii1mne the pubbeI no iii of theC SuthI. I Iava
Our peop~1le t foroten thei i' i iiiirab hle de.'lara.
tioni, that 'whenm a linng I raim of abluises and
uisurpat ions, piurstuig iivairiabi llh sanmie ob
ject, erntecs a iesigni toi rediuce thlemi under
abisobsite deuspiotisi,., it is their righii, it is their
duty, to throw olf si bi govuerniament, anid to
provimde inew guards l.or their lut ure i~ecurity.'
"I wa rn the .North,. that the living truathm
here iittereid :mlnswiite eve'Iry Suthlerum heart,
a iil that every votmee i that0 e->nvention will
plninii it; thato uihonii ot Ireemen wvill shout
their joyous respeuse, miiti everyv Iiuil and
valley of t he Souith rcsoiuid with die :intheii.
I )i not deh ad, yoiurschl vth th 1Ie tat ;ml erromr,
that the' rmest:e. of the SouthI is cio'liiiied tin
one furin of a' ,'res.sion---time Wi ihitot i roiso;
and1 that you obj mhects cain ben accniiipml hedi biy
adopijtingthlie sublstitute propsed by the Ci-i
net'. TIhe same, resistancet u-ill be o/Tered to
Iuth l adni ion of/ Cauditrnia."'
It thie truth. iitter.'i iv theser true-he: iedi
Saiibrioiis ft:, min dei if ears. hiire, andl their
wairiiang, are to be regarided as :rr'asonia/bl by
-a u ery ddlV'ri'it est tnace wd. I a.ssuredhly be
a11n1 h i>ior thi.' ar' si ui..irb'ssly' v.iindriatinig,
byv thiese hohl iitterire.-. Th'le anals of ;in-.
e en~it Roriiinercoi rIhe!i s:i v of ani anucienit
potentateti. whom. "po oiil i siirt, 51pent isnuch
ini tlddlinig,"i whita is esisutal wa~s wrapt in
lltiiies, atmal the' irash ofi topphniig towers told
ot runii andl terror. Tlhe anah~m lgy mnay wuellI be
aplhi:edl to iiany iof thle rtilers iii Lthis matior ,
at hitcb en h, or hl'eivianiia Avenuie-to a
chi.ui .l:ig.str.ite wihio m-litiot See :appr'iiehioig
pessaiia veiteraii .taitesi'tin who trill not.
bit piroc''nii. lih it hi' ee. nio alle',rtances to
the. Southil.. iiile her eineunes are;iu h i.vhng hke
a ;, . i o: hiuiniry wa,,u s aroundti thei very
hiearih- cili h'me ii hier u.1 /.t:s. I ia e vwe
no alh'gianmi'toiil 'thiSuth, tIi''.great inliSs oft
with ve iry law e\-a'..pt ins, hiav'.e tacken thle
grno iuhiw ve1 li',, 'ieui frar th le conunmencme
iiint ut the ihis: umonll iif th.s quiest i. oin
thiut iio .inteii ncueor fauvir is given to the
u t ru ihsuitiists.
It is hiontirabtle to lhe pa~trit inm, andis c redl
ituble to, the initelb ginci', :.i9i wotrlb li f ithei
honiianly ofi our peopih'P, thfat the loohik uponbi
thii setvence( mi ouir barini i of l',i:n, wiith all
thounghl thiey are de'termin led to ruihmire of tie
Freeu States, dute security fur outr righlts uinider
the Conuist itution, they wouald avoidh the last
Iresort it h a rehltetance thait no language cani
llThe Somnth has remonstrated, argtmed, in
treateid, and deinande'd, in vain. Tlheoy have
beeni ret wvith nockless- catuseloss, insuiltinig
iiovalitns and trespasses upon their rights,
nail will stumit to thern no longer. They
desiro to live tiuder the Federal Constitution,
in its trite and correct version, or else they
.i ..e,,ede .a fr.m onefo ht.,i:..,~ ., tin
['hi is the true state t4publieeelitng Ii pbiW
rth Cerolihu L e Nogh [ook ti O
ateerevil onseq eel' mayen4Hi 4emn
I be alone responsible in thp sight o At
man..-WImingfen Commrcal. of 01
Sumterville, So. Ca. a l
EDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1850. g"
ECHNLD lIn . DYSON, Editor. gie
Ai bisiness connected with the " BlAK- or t0
i will receive the attention of the Elitort at his e
cc, In the rear of the Court iHouse. sti
Cottona. be e
.'AnREETo.-Prices ranging from 113-1 to 13 we n
sitIMTRVILLE.-Ptices from 10 to 11 3-.1
To the Public.
[ht assuming the Editorial charge of tihe "Bo7an- corr
," we decmn it proper to indicateo some of the at a
neiiles by which we are to be governed. for t
The relations which ire henceorth to sulbist -ert
tween us arn new, and tho duties Ielicite ind m,-n
'iamtible. Ve- will endeavor to discharge thei imm
smuch a way, ns in some mnuastlre to justify a con. and
miatnce of the patrnnge hitherto so liberally ac
0n the fquiestion of the relations between the
arth imd thu South, the first dcserving notice,
tlie need be said. "Ihe sentiment here is but one.
lie mitre watchful, and those pinced it positions
1st favoable to Judge of the growth aind tende.n
ney of public opinion at the North, have long Sat
en whither we were drift ing. Meaisures ruinous lt)
id degrading to time Sotih, brought forward in
e National Ls'gislatutre with a show of brund pa
otitm tuid brotherly love. but which the sequel of I
in proved It have beven with a deeper-a Irker ate
-ign, have not been passed without tmany strug- or I
es, miany remntistrances son the pnrt of thioe, qtu
hom they Were mtoit deelply tn nilect. The pen- by
e, utpmsu whom wroings ntd iniigities have been ce
tltipilied, did not stand silent and mcomplaining. fai
hilc the bitter cup was si>ig fobrcd 111sn thvm. We
hey tmrmured-they vensturel too appeal. The We
mtre fiery and impetuous woulb have dashed it to
te carth. The cooler, but not leas spirited, routn. Sa
iledl fiorbwaramnce. with the hope that better things 91
vere ahead. If tmey did not comm-nd the drriught,
ey it least consented to take the dliluted dore.
N) allay time ccitement and to save time country, Va
hey aiilnietiel in the c'onprotimise. The pion te
in@ gmadually donite its wiwrk. ring, have caiigei. U
re ti(st hopeful begii tos slespair. All see nowl in
he smtite light, nmd that light serves but tip discov
r the comion and impening ruin. Too trte it ht;
s that much of time revretce, vvidi witielt the
onpaitution if the Unitel States wa nnce regardi- 'm
d, is lost. Th., pride %% ith % iMel they once cnitemo- hi
lntel a Union, the oiTspring; 4)f comnon toli undt
acrinices.. hin- bern brorvken. Irv., unoward arts,
by which this said state of things hmut beu.mrought C1
hmsit, ting to hbitoiry. No blacker pae -will.
ever meet the eye of posterity. low they can b : r
longer borne with, '# difticult 'o sec-that they Will
not be. is certain.
The history of our country ftmn ie very mA
ment, the first tree was fellh-l In her forest, proves
that the pirit of her people is high and that to will
not readily brook "ulawful ihaterfe we wjth or
earoach *f*ton r
they awoketo a se o t0 5
fulfil, amii er the high destiy nvwahing thetn.- sk
Taking~ ;. ince time hignh rf. Jeho'sh assigned toi
themn, they were deter .2ulned to g ti t; " and
rtiher than h"' , ' That 'I
spirit yet lingers amaomipt.us. Overthie grat
our sires tihe green grass grows, or the cotton plant, C
or time waiving grain; omr else they lie hid beneath
time forest shade, where w elis the brook, ands where
daily andh nIghtly siung then fe'atheredl tribe, cianting;
tim time migity -tend. ihut thiere is a spirit 'mtnmmngm
themt nnmd thrughI thm thei wimnd breathtes muri
fuily, mavkinmg mteloduy. Thme spirit isf time past is
there, andi tihe mtnsie that is imiade, met tom tihe mean-a ij
miure' of n Iifty purpise, ims the msici oif tihe past.
Them very soul is dear tom it. Tri diefendm it, is n less a
sitr duity, thmanm it will lbe outr primde. And rutther mmr
thanim mee time chmerished ilumit dssecrated by the in-it a
ins of funtmeii'tm, we wuili strike is, thme deathi, andi mI
themn g ,tom sileep with muir Fathers.
~~Wenever, inm ny given policy, thme question sof 0
premsru ationm sir destrucstimn is nmde,. we regardi it a i
sundmi pirinceipie to adopt time fuinnesr, unless cusntroil. ~
inig retmusins are olyered ini siupsixrt of time latter.~
Tm preserue. rathier tihan dlestroy, ii time tmim;
sne for time be-st reinionmm. Accsordingly te lmank
qiestisin, asssutnmng promintence, next presents it
Thme lanik hams iseen a pairt of time setdled policy
of thme State foer tirtny-ighmt yeatrm-ihad its sorigini
itt great f'tmnei.i einma rrassme~ti.--relievedi time
people in thiosei eimarramients-saveds ius fromi
dineit tasxationt-eterriecds n saltanry influeince up-m I)
sn Pmriu amte (orporations--rmiedued time deits (of tihe qI
t:te--ii still fmrthaer pledigedi for tie pnymtemnt of P
thoie debt:-andm thrughomut na heemn fiifuliy t
linam unigie iof tuncoi'mmn eti st' it y -'f great free- -
deu mmind extenisin sf thouitghmt -of sumrpingmsm pr
gres' int alii that isi niefu tot im mn-int aim age whien
meuery ting aroudisil 1miibily onm thei tnmve--.ine
fees.-m iio hmeamiiy the psmtreur ims hmim, andu som
geattl time nessed of all his tinme and cl eertis in t
time nigh~th-rnfmlimirs osf life, thammt weii deeiim it purmilar o
tsi stateii ni :alvance,* tihat.e e had wmii e tihe inclinta- ti
ntiinm. we' humnio ive~ ~st to havei the ieiature tim en- ni
gig imn mnny letty niramelin sg. .\ll smfentsivie numtd I
inim idliuis permunmaitiia tire imwntethi time dienity oif
these icohmtutms. imit tom iimakm tihem thme uehicles of
usmful matitter-tii tm::ie tihe "llmmnner,'' itn sommie
sort. retlect time ilmem anid thm'emoutry--to give. nc.
curnst--ly suchi i oenil mnewim m site my lie dleemted of
sii u mit imo~rtnmce-.to , git e th.. latemt andi lmmmt
Plitmical andmi ('ommti'eiai isnteiigencre-.-toi untfild
mmuch pubbmle tmstues mis mitt v i, from time tim e
conmmtempittedl, commiesntedm up~on mor dii..cuisedl ais a
thiei r impmirtmance matiy dettmiind-j uiiitumly to sin' e~
iect suchi imaterils as imamy he imnomt insmtructive, I
intetrm'It ing or mmimuinmg*-*i ii sreiois~nlly to steaml en
amm hlutr fromt time ueterer dumties, wiihen we may.
"Wh~iere time .itues hausnt"
"i('iear spsrimng. or shadmiy groive, or sumnmny hil,"' I
"iSimit wim ith time loveis of miacredi songm ;SiI
nhioim e amii ton be the fitithfuml, tihe itnble sentistel,imn I
muingiimi the libmertmes of our counstry-tm tuphmld
oumr chteriimemd instituttionti--to iscenmte respeict for~ i
tishe m las ands tim ttmitatin' imod order iif socie.
ty --tmtake~ n pirt itnam11 mveftul enuterprises--und~ tom
struggrile ts the endi int tmdmanmiing time enusc oif Juis
ire. ruthml and mmiirtuethe~tisse ore time ends anid 1
wormthmy of tmihe beit efllirtm.
Tiowardsm brother edlitors, enigagedl In time snmte
flmeud. thse strictest couirtesy illh in obsered.-n
Th'ism u lo ig to time sante obhjects. it is hardly tom bie I
iopils imt thiere cani beii a perfet harmony of men J
tImnit ini ali thinig; ibut we haivm yet to learn that
mnindiitm feelings mre tihe iegitimate ofyspring oif an
ihsnsit, frmnnk andl manly czpreission of opinion.
To the work se't iefore uts, we biring littie else
tamn inie'perietee, savet a desire-at hope-to be
rmaured only hmy time length of life. We have
therofore to besmpeak In advance the indulgence amf,
that pubiiitc, before whomi we stand antd before 1
whom outr mark Is set. D~o not expect the end
time consummmnatin--hut the efforts for the (tifl- lt
mntt. We atre pledged to your beat interemits.-.
What those may hbm is a subjmect, which may osomom I
times divide opinlonm, antd from which, plaint truths
*'riabg upqpthose lea a v 1 V
mprtWa casiaampen i
r Countr-when the ualbeiut ak', t e r
a together a free people te in te imot it-m orH!
danger of belpg broken--w hen tho Inti
i built up by the Martyrs of t1w hevolution, d
threatened with being swept awa y-when or4
1 am dear as the blood, that purchased them con]
ode the theme of derision, and the mouths of - j
Representatives of freemen are i-ought to be Cr
ed and their hanry! tied-at much a time when ove
is so gr-at need of pluin-deuling-to seek to mo0
false coloring to things, or to practice decep. Witr
In any shape, or to hear the slanders of others, sto
hear their contunly. is a work, that would t
o base for a slave. But to stand by the C0n- w
lion andi preserve it unimipnired-to defend it
lot all assault3--and if fall is its deowin. to but
t the general wreck for tihe rights interndtd it of
eured by it-tn do this, is so niole a task thut cru
re promnd of the pri% l-gs- of being the hum- k.
lnborer in it. 4,
r the arrival of Mr. C. D. HovEr.N, from the Sol
uerrean Gallery of Messrs. Ios-TWICK & FUm.- milt
tihe citizens of Sumnter are cnalded to have Sol
rct likenesses of thentmelveti nlnd faritly taken, a it
rery moderate charge and in a style unequlled bat
lurability and life-like exprenosion. M1r. B. is stilt
tinly master of his profession, and we recom- alit
d to all, have their likenesses taken by him littl
ediately-such an opportunity rarely occurs tle
dlvuntage should he taken of it. II.
(By Telegraph for Charleston Courier.] ilt
rrival of the British Steanser
Two Vecks Later from Europe. pl
['he British steafiier America arrived on "v
urday last, [whether at flalifax or Bos
is not stated; but, from previous cotummuni
ons received, we are warranted itn believ. in'
that she had reached Boston.] "!
)ttring the fortnight prcvious to the sailingi
he steamer, the Cotton narket had fluctut i
.1, and. after various alterations itt the price
he article, they finally settled down to the
>tations of tle prrevious accounts, brought
tho Europa. The following are the pri
given, viz: fair Upland and Mobile 7d.;1
Orleans 7 1.S. Time sales of time two
eks reach 99,500 bales, of which 20,000
re Atnerican', taken on speculation.
'Th1e Con market was in a depressed
te. Indinn Corn had receded &I. per
arter on yellow. FLOUn ha- declined IsA
good brands, and a downwardl tendency.
1e snarket for American PnovistONS ls
proved. Good Western BACoN has ad
ieed I to 2s. per huidred. LAnn h, T
cined. loux is in demand, but prices are I
lhanged. New CHE:SE is in imuch de
'T...ow 0-1. lower. FREt-.WTs are steady 9
it the demand light. -
The Money market is depressed. The
ount of bmllionl itn tile Bank o'f E-Iland
l Ai;ghtly declinedl. Theirates of discount '
e 2 to 2 1-2 per cent. Coenise!s close I at
i 1-2 to 95 -8 for money. Americ-in Se
arities are in fair request at steady prices
Jntelligence from time Mannfacturing Di'- a
icts, and later accounts from Itilm, warrant.
I the anticipation of inereased orders. Th ip
nglish Parlianent has opened, 'c
ditoridl Correspondence of the Cr.Telegraph. 1
TurTDAr, Frpnht'ny 19T I 18541. ( y
ft of. initnto heCM it if the
at oluce the foW'3WLI~wi~li~1
bil rected to amra and r
gfor the tflsSatan oifCh-t
m~n~tnP 'n o~f(n an' eginl footing w t
nr gianqiitates, with boutndarrina nnd litnit-c
finotim the Con.stlttton of said S~tat ' of Cal
scnaa (vidch~wase cogmmnicated to the Ilhonse
th.the specal muess-age of the l'residenit of
i' tJnitt .States on thme 1ath of Feblrirmry in- i
nui satd bill to emblratce no .-uh -ert or
inster velatinmg to te-rritosry without the saxidl
ttini tf r-. propoedN Sitate of (*aliforimn.
Uponi ti: retoinitiont the previous mptestioni lI
-aS iiini'ach.ty tmnoved,so as to hut the dICnr
a all debhate or if -en.siont.and gng thme minori
whmile thrustinmglt thimeas' forcibly down
tair throat. '*
.\ns Ime only eiy etiaa1 nu.. se checking thi i
'itrageous attettnpi. thtin iniifn ifollic to I
mc w eic.' alr-edy stted---and as the. regntar
nurse of hnt,-intest. wiil rule ottt this revolntionm
fier tw.'lvt' o'cnlock, nntil th-- next relttion
ay, (t wo week-s from this ime,) tho mmminher~s
ttmck to their seats oblivious ofmdintner, amid
!p veititlng awayi in lien: of foodl or rest.
I I *ft theirn there- lamtv thai iiighmt, when I ad
mttrni-'. nnd for aught 1 know, they many be
t--r" still, at tii matuitinal hour.
TIhm' naked imonstruasigy of the. proposition
runtainied int the re.solution is too gross amti
naritm!! to rei irie- Cotiniient. It wVouil enitire'
t ore-stall all de-libe-rationi Ott this mrtomentonma
nostio-and~ the rea:l chmarac-ter of sueh n
roir a 1 i-a imtt' itppairenit wh: n thein public learn
tat :the Comnstit utuon of .alifrnia, ats transmit
ml bmy the G~overne'r, with his Mestiigu, has not
et b--cin prntiml. and the uenme'rs knowv in
mieht ahmait the snbhjec-t its di-l :manmy of the~
opet~mm of that Slate, whlo votedi for it
As well rema-rked hiv ont of the- Southenrnt
ttsinhes, thme piasatgo mof that r.,-olutiont, with
to piv~ilege of a posibhle- ptennissionm to dilsenss
8e m--aisure, ati-r the omtmtitteet hadl reported
tt it, wvoinhl lie meqtnivalentt to hanginig a tian
rat andl trying him aflrwards. Atter thisI
umiphi of thle spirit of tihe imnajrity, it is hmrdlyv
i be uinrsed that theyv will allow them South
rn tm'mmshwrs ant opportuity of ayinig a singjle
'onI otn thme subject subsequientiv--atmd thetre
're time iiqutitit.oad tyrastmie'nl project hadl
Ii ru-hted in its incipieuv. biy at resort to
ve-ry legitilIinte tmode of rostlataise, alynmed
y time rules of then H ouse.I
Nobly did thme Nomlutr minority staind u ttpo
msir reserved) rights lat night in 'n sohidi phl
mx-the' vottes beimng abnmost (if not emtirtely)
-mction~--am-nd thec niow dlivisiomn of parties
)h-ummerat stndnittg shouler lo shottblar itn the
ommnton cause. Fonrt y mnombelrs umtuder thme
tles of thme lonmso ae stille-i-nt to puit this
rag chaoin on its proeedings.--:md our fri-tdls
anm coniidlenttly coutnt ont fiftv odhd. S4o let1
h'at wvill hestidle, the South enitaiot lie tr.npled
n:le'r foot, bumt by at ruekies-i atnd rmlhb-ss a
>rity, dheaf to thte voice of justic'o anid traternitmv
mni bemnt oin poe andm plunmder. Tm- popost:-~
emion ws enite-rtaminned ntt on" irrimal last night,
I settitng tlside' the ritdes of the I Iouse to) brea~tk
miwn this coppinsiion-httt on consutltation it
vanm ecidled not yet to resort to it-bumt ther-r
ant he hut lit tle dlotubt that nto scrsuples will bong
te ptermitted to stel In thie wny of thme ncemim
lishtmentt oft he fell purpose. whmichi the, North
rin tmembttrs-goaded otn by their conslitittuents
ude thesir pres-ses at htomte-coneirin it their
ty3 toi carry otut. Thatt purtiposte is thme subhe
tgation of thme Smth, hv thme forcihlot exclustion
if her citize'ns fromi nh il' hte n e Trritor. tnow
rn hereafter to hot nequtired, and the e'ene of
'estorday only veritIes the correcitness of' time
tatetment made in mliy previonms letter ats lto thn
cal metaning of thme rojection of Mr. Ioot's
irposal to otngrai l tat P'roviso ott that Inutrue
in to the commtttn. If the-y can atmom en
Ily compasa thet sami design without it why
toed they presms it in thmat formo---:mdt doea, nt
frr. Doty's selkmhta remoan futlly uit tilhlm
tmda whteri lrMWfloot plu5peed tuncompjlih?
et#~it Yer tho'restismnee oiteld yaay
>y a virtual dlisorganilation of the i n.s
hat Res');ttkon wonld hav~etin ca'rrt,'ey -n
. Tu t a d(~iib
r alto whol, ajwuiizlss... la1*i i
itoas4dght. a d
t'.,d oloIwo or ji*t taik . opj
of John IWosuwori,- atid rowr fi~t~mn,
Livid Wilmot1 kets dIrt-tit' 1i x
rag their alhlito' ti)perjinveij
--ndo. Preatnn Klrisr. iwse aijnp,
it basN'l--cawst on lep j *&mow# --'-Tr
Uiremnt W~as 6in to~rl Ioo '
ithr airo lookedl graro Ad r~eIAw. %'
it (l-toflhiflilnt tikI d hi r~t.
it chuinl,1, froua1uig 781r~zj
11Wow sttand or fafl 'Wkrlnh )
tiCo t e awntmila tb 1*1*t in~
I thioughatful casnjs'cnralicO
steaily eyo awl eibi~ft port
111t1tIto child a ployjtaut Wwfl! zzpsflI"" a i
,)rr, too, Was. 'tlere-wacan 1:j(I tirhi
iskor:itl u hl, iiliigCOMO~
-cash ill die tillifl.
n'Io LVo jlatiOLi occo atlsvl ' esi 6f*~
'h!'aitOV%*tnfl oni tho" ~1-i "I!'ic It-i
rkt.il fa'ea v-r.3 tliome' of.onb &
K-:111 of the. hlotIri, (who. t lnusyn 1W la- sul
.uTt~,he J43111t1 pO.4iOti iii th atClctbr
i tini Freteha Orator in thi., 'Notioizi A
*-ar cngivhC iastat, iti; ato,
ictvo ior 14. fitnwisninmtto entitles',h~
tiim: for lie holmvii.i thtat 4is
11dae.4,1 vi 'iq/sun l'atidace"' (to.di+
tin to dari?) is tht, triin geerret or Misue't
inea'uls r. miost claintheao vtpirt;-Cb~iy eal
e'orgin. a g. ni ieov~aiom lmdn *& 's k
rime to hawir section--padpyitgcai'l4
ue' to the Southa" whleht6 !
r o Km'tiv'ky repuditd ~~'
Oat div oiliersuilf",- oI'danhn
mtrk iny emuot X~cd~i'
witeia? -1ma norid by ttn ivha " itwl~
(;z't,. T . lor 's . rllaelrsraifi
11111-4. thtenrelrosen 8rna1themAsnt
nil ('.01 r-rtituLcoi'i6tl witil AfonU
it? Intel igp this act' of tiit'ihi~~
11Oig arr!zntt onlerlyl tilit'". by Pottkr g
1lt'at ill tile cow'adtec' oruifnnn rtl s
I uaeleslitirm tooer n)'heaincont
,'ras nsit~ut44zi Off v.'rrbh'! of' R.4
amLtl henV4.j: i"fanWbts an uel dl
mnicifAl * nud*Ieno' 6f''
r Contittin a ,