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EXAMPLES .FR BoYS.--ovcrnor
Ritner, who was for sonw tined
member of the Legislareo e.
sylvania, and afterwai ls ~ x.&rniuor of
that State, wa8once a b tound to
Jacob Myers, an itn petident "farm
ho brought . * While he
~overnor, thea. w a celebra.
the Fourth uLA I *, at which
Mr. M 'ers gave the folj jinlg toast:
- OSEPIIiNi-- wvas always
a good boy, and hnstm grown bet
ter; everytmht<hig 11iz he always
dia l; h Made a - farmer,
L96 legisator; and made a
Sd Governor.' All, this
Mt; S g6t (1he result Of hlis.
,in ils ublie
t" strictl fro his
A1Ig8lesinl a stejoec was diSCusS.
San.i oine im when the question
t to be taken, he always felt
' 'a voting as Mr Sherman did,
orhasvoto& r iht.' T h.h
was \ -.5erimai' Chsrw(eer-.er
U -Iif if e inquire how It
a-cano to be such, we must go back to
his early life.
Mr. Sherman's character was
formed upon the pritciple of the Bi
ble. And when lie was an appren
fice, instead of joining in the rude
and vulgar conversation, so comimion
amongt he classes to which he then be
longed, lie would sit at his work with
a book before hin, devoting every
moment to study that his eyes could
be spared from the occupation in
which he was engaged. When he
was twenty-one years of age he made
a profession of religion. le was as
familiar with theology as lie was with
politics and law. -He read the Bible
more th~an any other book. Always,
when lhe wont to Congress, he would
purchase a cop~y of the Bible at the
-commencement of the session, to
read every day; and when he went
home, he would preseit it to one of
his children. Mr. Macon, of N. C.,
said of him, that he had imore comn
mon sense than any titan lie ever
knew. Mr. Jefferson, one day, as
lie was pointing out to a friend the
distinguished inen in Congress, said
'of him : 'That is Mr. Sherman, a
man who never said a foolish thing
in his life.' Mr. Sherman was a
self-educated man, a shom~iaker, and
a Chi-istian. Hie was brought up
- after the 01(d New-England fashion.
And, as was the boy, so was the
aman. If you would be a wise man
you must be a studious boy. If you
twould have an excellent character,
it must be formed after the model
delineated in the Holy Bible. Th le
superstructure must be laid upon the
principles of God's word.
A Good ON.-W clip the fol
-lowing !aughable article from the edi
torial colnmns of the Chuicago paper:
--A certain limb of the law arguing a
case in one of our Sucker- Courts, was
informed by his Ihonor that the case
had already been decided by the
court. 'I know it,' responded teo at
torney, with a peculiar nasal twang,
for, which ho was then somewhat re
mavkable, 'but I will show that the
court is wronag!' And at it he went,
right and left, w~hien the judge again
nter-rupted him with-- -'I have deel.
li that before.' 'Have ha'. with the
ior~d accomipanuiment, resplonded the
at %cont inuing his argument,
- by hal jghe, pationce of' the
j1 ;;de was y. ing~ exhaustedand lie
wai- rathiei' inchlbm4Kto thojW,' anV
- ki a somewhjat sedrel~ loio ho-saida.
'If you wish to persist in arguing thi
case, you must carry it up to the
Court of Errors., 'Must, ha! if thi!
ain't a court of errors, I don't know
what it is!'
THE'a IllELV!D.&LFE APOLL.O.
DY IiENItY HiART .Mis.MAN.
Ilenir yi tile nrrov iirtle il 1t1" " i
I It: irel y. thu 1 rgm ni ionsie-r's drendiii cry
II tmin ietti injetiy ufcnln lisijlib.
I'm taal of hi 1 miglat, v-t meoirimifil of the- m l:m is.
The Iinv'sly Arelemr st:il'-in himmit birth
No periktnle dlenizen of earth:
Vmith oImon iinmmimrial i hi l bmreauileuss, fae..
A gmsil inl stirentwi WIth imore thi: godlike grirep
All.:sll eeint-imstroiggi iig mImitmesmle glo ,ws.
Tlirungh hvinmg veim ni) nanmhilling life-bloo14
ilnl im ji:te with cleity iilitm.
Jin c l- leuss gim y lives t lie brl athirig sto e.
IirictiI kii ig with a m c ili -rui r'tr n mo1m l I,
ligt eve tr-k- 0il.-'arriw's ftiteft:1 flight;
Ib trs is i'nmadignait clmcek with vetiigifeil fire,
.%tllm hi is lit <Iiti fer-' n ith iistil irig ire;
iirm fi 'i ll hi r:ml. ve: ligla . mts twlen fill higli
Itie wnlksi tIh m1m6e1 ijmhicpallble r iml it'iaeis ky';
Thi rii-h liimrimtin'e of his lI air cmiitjil:
hit grae-fled ritigle-tvm. wnisims (Ii time t it 1,
Thamt lifms. inl tiort, im muntle':s ilnroiing flmld
l'romtil to mlujimty tiat forim of faithlm'es inoitii.
Thly r j ,ln lb .. lhe it :
h~j~*1~e, iirighti cineamlae mit U.le m m' l
f1ld eiarbli ea-spt to lIVf- nI girlt
timnwe through brentit-ma mvrinals run
1imm mwimunmlt lpit lil 1h1ok of nm .
-.I. l li' - nta-*mm'i. it ill I-lp i-tt lutm o-r .
n en-l-ss e-um th- joviI imiurs;
I i ty. u stN rllt ive ismivr. Nit lIpriic--y iVswn)
-4-1ming thet fit-re-e f1anis.-broeuthing --e.<fin
Iitmr-eotts as, visimin s ::ii ill reamiy imeep
fi l ioly nmil onmi h-liph i unateel ste'-p,
'31i 'i licl dim twilight II list i:i re grve
'Too fair tao worliiii, tmim l.i% in- tim ImVe.
Yet (in tlnt formn. inl wil.l deliriim: trmm-.
Withm tnmre iii-a re% 'rm'ei- gazed 'ite Main io
IFnmm mmve ai
D av tftit-r i st%- flt- Ims- i tmiik d am i n i
With hiim 111r11-.. mor thtilst-.Ilt it soffist-h- !
1'i' uhm-risih gri- . Ier I:ti her lean-vn t care.
Il.-rmown f hiii p---.te ch ri.Ih b'-le :iir.
Ot as ti. .li iig light l:-r i.ih t h.egimi-il.
lirusiii iw Flir-imir ksik, awnl tiiight ih.- imiril
Oft breathlenm list'nimig !I--ar-l, mr S-emi'l tm hI:t r
A viiime- of lici, meli iijpiim her ear.
SIion Iy mhe %%waiell, tmimil -olii Pi-w--s!e 'riowi.
CI m'ulm he-r din e-yes. lmersmlf iimmtilhi'lIl t1o stmmi
Ct Iove il telth a slekly -N g i i '' Il .
Oiet. mi rt. ie gazed, il fieblv -sililtIl tili,
m*Io ill ini thie ne-t of -itchiig tie ar
oI n a i lit a .. e Verptit l i-lt.
!Teforegoing~ fngt isi reluatml in ..
L\ N11.q Mt
[Trom tilte Ilonion Tine::, .Limry 17.t
It is, we feom, oliy l , probal
that the er.op Ante* ic:mi Couo,
wil! -'.is -,%rf :Tistu-hto in
:renLj rice ot that most neces
:r*tV ingiiredienit in the manuifactuili
r'osperity of this country; and al
thoiugh the actual deficiency mma
Possibly le less than is feared, ye1
tite re sults will doubtless Supply v
sullieient realization of tihe continigen
eies which have been often Iescribem
as involved in our present system ol
letion. Almost all that is said re
specting tihe importance of our Cottor
Iimpor'ts imay be literally credited, fi
so vast are the interests concerned
that it is scarcely possible to over
state them. Nearly1 as much de
pends upon the Cotton crop as thc
the potato crop; and a failure ill th<i
former admits, besides, of' i) n Corres
ponding compensation from privat<
charity or public benevolenee. Yet
speaking generaldly, it may be said
that for the whole of' this staple im
port of England, we are lhlplessly
dlepend~enit on two prov~inices of a for
eign Stato. It is this peculiar limi
tation of' the pr'ouce which makes the
case so anioumalous and so full of peril
Wero coitton !css ani ar'ticle of thit
very first necessity to Einglishi com
mierCe, or were it Uro wn, like co1 in
inl e veIy country of thme globe, thme ari
guments which have been taken te
regulate other' impjorts wouild be
difference is this, that while ourii it
por tations of corh could be affectedl
only by a coinicidencee of so mantiy and
such extraojrdinsary conditions 'as te
hei almowst beyond the calculationus of:
probabl~lily, our importations of cot.
ton are liable, as now shiowni, to be0 in.
fluenced by occurrences of' the ver y
cotmmnest likelihood. A change of
policy, a false impuilse given to specu
lationl, resolutions of hostility, or,
what may occur in any season, andl
must needs occur in some1 -a short
crop; each and any of these cauises
may imperil the daily bread of' foui
millions of our poputlation, arnd deepiy
affect the financial prosperity of the.
The case will appear still more ex.
traordinary when it is rclemmbered
on what wholly artifici.ul conditions its
existenico depends. f cotton, lik.
spices, could be only grown ini cortain
limited districts of certain latitudes,
there would be no aid for us but ii
prudouce and p)atienlce. As the fatct
stand, however, the presenit limitationi
of the produce is not entirely acci
dental, but is duo to none but our
solves. There was a time when In
dia did produce cotton; and therc
was a time, very recently, wher
G(eorgia and Carolina. did not. Mer
etill inin) almn renvhaie the f..-t i
Liverpool marke, ,and o tli ex'eto of
the.present tiade is thwo pf scarc.
ly more thanone generation. X-otton*
is not n dig iys orpcia gh
aGrg: p 11 its: dvgo
was iroduced. - m ---consequence
of our own demands; nd: New
fected by the -.unrivalled enterpris
and energy- of American planters;
working under such stimulis. Grad
ually, this cotton has obtained almost
tle monopoly of our market; nor
would there be anythiing objoctiona
ble in such 'a result, due, as it is, to
the natural operations 6f trade, if it
were not for the hugo disproportion
I between out own particular demands
and this solitary' sour6c of siipply.
-Conthiental countries take a little cot-,
tonl; the United States themselves
take a quantity somewhat larger, and
which appears likely to be increased;
the great bulk comes to Liverpool.
.ut for all this aggregate consump
tion, there still reymains practically
QL iig but the crop of theie two
pro vinl irteM
years, iS sonw y. im ba(l seaisons- ruia
ously deficient, and, at all times, a
subject of anxious speculation and un
The plain and obvious re-nedy for
such evils is to grow Cotton for our
selves, in some quarter or other of'
our immense dominions, an umder
'taking which could lie accomplisled
r without any resort to forced labor or
unntatural cultivation. There are
.several colonies fitted for the growth
of the plant, but none so eminently
calculated to fulfil all the retiusite
Cowilitiois as India. This, as the
reader of these colhmbs must be well
aware,..is no new subject. Ithas re
peatedly occupied the attention of
I Parliament, of the Indian Govern
ment, of the Administrations of the
several Presidencies, and of the Con
merinal Sbeieties of--Manchester and
crpool. Bountieki hgv beri '61
'.ostw a en e sb t ere :sno
ICotton. ev. ip iorthicoming from India.
dN)-I drf wirtever has been thrown
on t _aacity of the oil to pro.
iruit: on the contrary,- rc?.!.N.1s of
Indian grown Cotton L1w ' Ope r
lV exhibited at ManchesL. . and h0
been pronounced fully equal the
heat descriptions of' Americaii. What
has not yet been obtainable is a copi
(ns ard conitinuous supply, aid of
this fatilurve the chief causes aire to be
sought in the remissness of the Indian
Government, and the extraordinary
difeulties of transit.
- We do not mean to charge the gov
ernment of' India with the hereditary
ilmits of its subject population. To
prtsuime that iotlinig but edicts from
(al'cutta were required to turn Can
doish into a Carolina, is to argue
without any proper iiformation on the
question at issue. The one great
eleinenlt of Amnericani success-An
erian enterprise -can never, at least
for' mnany gener'ations to coome, be im
parmted to India. It is prheoster'ous
to expect of' Ilindoos all that is
achieved by citizens of' the States.
D)uring the experiments to which we
have alluded, an English plough was~
initrodhuced1 into one of' the provin)ces,
and the natives were tauights its use
and supleriority over thcir' ownm elumsv
m~fViaciner. They' wer'e at first as
tonishecd and delighted at, its effets,
buit as~ so on as the agen'mt's back was
se t it up on01 endl and worUshipped'cu it.
Si ill, although the utter impotence of
Our iWui ('lforts miearer hiome miglht
sp.-'ose us to apipreciateC more reason
ably thme task of introui -' ' industry
anid enterp rise aumng a Ilplless popu-t
lation, yet it is im possible to deny
that enough has niot been done.
Though~ the lIlindoo has few wanits.
nas little oi' no ener'gy, and is teach.
able only up to a certauin point, yet lhe
has nione of the true Celtic inidolenuce,
lie is given to handierafts, and has a
natural aptitude for many kinds of
labor'. Of' such a material more
mig~hit, suirely, have been: made, had
the government of Calcutta seen to
its own intere'sts more clearly, or de
piartedl ?. little, in a ctse of such nec
cessity, tr'om its tradhitional track.
Even this cause, however, in its
inflhunce upon thle general result, is
far' inferior' to that arising f'rom the
utter w ant, of' any salli'2ient means of'
tranisport; a deficiency w hich, while it
is moreO or less detiimental to all
kinds of cultivation, is absolutely ruin
ous to cotton produco. The most
available cotton lands are situated in
the .Bombay and Madras P'residen
cies, and though lying in great part
at no very long dlistance from the
shore, yet between them and thie
huge chain of the Western Gits
The consequence is that theottobt
must bd carried some hundr, l-of
miles op the backs of bullocs, ad
,when it arrives, if it over doesso, aW
its destination, its value is ruted
by at least one half. Th*e *i inal
produce of the pod, is, as i4W a
said, .ecual to that of GCoPj W
CArolina, but it suffers; fitsk Athe
cleaning; secondlv,- in the e
Though-the best saw gins ha been
introduced into Dombay. C has
*been found hitherto imnprat i e t.
naturalize the Amcrican m , of
clcaning ainong the nativqs, does
the nature of the tranlygQ r yt" e
admit of any effectual kind .
ago. The cotton, then, impiitectly
cleaned and insecurely packie, is
strapped to the back of a buIldqk, to
be draggcd through dust, diA, and
mud, For some two or three hinidred
miles, till, at last, when the dIoVe ap
-peas at the port, the vorth.of the
.article is nearly gone, and it .sonly
producible it Liverpool in small
-qptatiitres, ald Zf quality miserably
inferior. The one true renehdy for all
this lies in railway commninnipation.
If the table lands of the Deocen were
but connected by these means v,ith
the ports of the Malabat evist, the
whole difliculty would cease; rbr not
only would the shipments of eqttgu be
multiplied twenty-fold, but th f very
peculiarities of national chiara'tei- -to
*Wbich we have referred igiht dis
nlpear before an agency more, likely
Ethani any other to effect so futudauaen
tal a change.
(IFonn the ScienUtific Atmt riv }
THE' ELECTRAI LIU4&c.
During the winter oi VIER. eY
jate Col. Bomford, ok -thG Y sec
Department, and MY1
ed in some qxperIJ* A
teir bl jel tbo J
. rfr avto
ry power. During the course of ex
perimients I becamo satisfied that Bo
long as the whole boudy of water
around )e poles remainied a'condac
tirev Lir diMIn ti, kiU,
f the assine Ccrrents would be
t!and the results desired unat' no
able. With this view of the subIJ.
I sought for soic method by wh~ia
the atoms of water in contact with
the pole. could he efTeetually barred
fron conimmunication with any conduc
tive substance, and yet admit of a
continual supply of the water to be
Believing in the doctrine of impon
derability and inimateriality of the
electric fluid, all efforts to accomplish
the desired result failed, and tho ox
periment was about to be abondoned,
when a doubt as to the truth of the
books, o'n the question of the nature
of electricity, arose iii my min, and
on the faint hope held forth, the ex
perimnents were renewe-d, and the re
sults more thana realized the most
sanine expectation; for niot only
was the insulation of the water per.
feect, and the decomposition rapid,
but the electrie fluid was found to be
sulsceptible) of' accumulation andl con
densation to an unlimited degrece. -
The ease and irapidity with which the
the water was resolved into its comn
ponenit gaises, naturally suggested
the idea of applying the discove-ry to
sonme priactical use, aind that of light
was selected, as the most simple and
iexpesivein its alp Ilicatioin. IBut
on the very' thrieshold of the experi
mnent, :an appiar-ently a usurnountable
obstacle w as met in thme inability to
sepairate the gases. A fter a inlber
of serious exj plosionms, the cnt rea ties
of my amly co mpelled mec to desist.
Although the pra':tical expJ-lerimts
w~ere aban~idoned , the mencutal action on
the subject was not, iad dur-ing some
time in the fall of- 148, I concluded
that the law whieb demanded an
aqueous comnmunicationai bet ween the
poles, or that the positives anid nega
tive poles should both center one body
of water, was not corret-a conclu
sion which a very shnmplo experiment
decided to be correct. (iue pole
was inserted into a glass of' water in
the corner of a large room, and the
other pole in another- glass in the op
po(site cornmer, anmd an electrical coim
umun icat in maide betwiVen. All the
water in one glass was decomposed,
atwl hydrogen only obtained. All
the water was decomposed in the oth
er, and oxygen only obtained. The
result was knowna, the explerimnent
wvas considered fully successful, and
a small electro-mnagnetic apparatus,
having its helices kept in motion by
clock wvork put in operation at:~ my
dwelling, and was found capahi-- of
supaplyinag three bur-ners with' :m
ana n om h --ses t .-. .a
this period of the experiments that Ir '
issued the circular announcing the u
dis'overy and with an invitatioi to r
the citideni60f* thi plaeoto: call a hi h
examine for themselves. (
In the spring of 1840, a light S
house was erected 'on an enence, a
near this city, an4 the experiment' a
tried on a large scalc for several. '
months-at the light-house, besidesip
lighthigof a store in the dity, the r04, ti
sults being ciitirely'successful in both
places, aud fully justifying the as. a
sertions made in- the circular of an- o
nouncement. - And here I wish it to b
be understood, that this must not be tj
.considered a mere statement of mine, b
'but the history of the fact is familiar
to all whose appreciation of the dis- r
covery was sufficient to piompt them 1
to visit my tower or dwelling. The ']
experments at the light-house don
tinued until September, when an r
explosion occurred which cast a mo- 1
mentary damp upon the bright pros- i
pects of the discovery. This explo- h
sion was not due, s* intimated by &
Carburetted Hydrogen,' to the ex-. c
plosive . nature of the gases, but to an I
entirely different cause-one peculiar c
to the construction and action of the i
instrument under consideration.- i
'That state or action of electricity .
known as Galvanism, produces decom.
position; while that -known as intensi
-ty. causes repulsion to take place at I
the cldtrodes, and deflagration of the
decomposing cells is the consequent a
%result. Itwas to-the latter action
;that thctexplosionwreferred to. wa
due; the gase "being -fired by "tia
melting electrode. I
The realizing of the .pojility of
such an accident mad6 itaparent '
that some method should be
Other. than that of personal
anCof to prevent such expl .t
future. The same agent thtit
0 .n t, nadp to re o
ene. in ni endr was, t 6t
our ig.od me to contempt as
a humbug, and- nothlier to contiuc
ment as at
er, !)r' tl~ic e of science, that
t+r are generally stubborn be
m", nrmnly believing that they are I
dle to perform all they promise,
ainst all the sneers or contempt that s
be brough t to bear against them; I
so in this case, perhaps, the'cap- T
aous,' feeling saved the invention, for a
the difficulty was overcome, and the a
apparatus made to govern itself, by .
the breaking of its circuits when a
surcharge is passing.
It has required the labor of months I
to accomplish this last mentioned part a
of the invention, and although at the t
period of writing this, the danger of P
an explosion is entirely removed, yet i
the loud reports made by the break- a
ing of the circuits, are deemed ad
verse to the successful introduction 9
of the invention to the public, but it '
is confidently expected that oven this e
dlitficulty will be overcome in the a
course of a few (lays. Meantime the 0
apparatus and its action is the daily a
subject of inspection at my rooms inb
the Exchange- nothing being screen. *
ed but the interior of the helices and ti
electrodes. The whole process of the.t
decomplosition can he seen, and if "
neccessairy, felt of. The results of all SI
('expeiets uip to this date are ass
llows: The decent of' weight, 67 *'
lb~s. a distance of 9 feet, will generate "
800 eubic feet of the gasses, at noa
ote uxese thanithe inter o theb
Yumay use the gausses for light, it
power orproe of caloric. (I "
have as yet experimented only with l2
the former,) and make your own
I receive many letters from your
readers, asking what I claim as my P
inuventionm :permit ine here to reply,~
that I claim to have discovered a
new principle in electricity, viz: pon- E
dermability, materiality, and obedience
to thme laws of gravitation. I claimn C
to be the first to accumulate and coin- d
press the electric fluid; and I claim to g
have invented a maclino or appara
tus which enables ime to use the elec- "
tric fluid for useful purposes in the hi
arts and1( sciences, at no0 other cost e
than the interest of its price.
lHmuy M. PamnJ. *
Wor-cester, March 7, 1850O. a
THiE AUi'rioR 01F TuxE RAIway n
SYSTEM.- The following sketch of n
Thomas Gray, the author of the Rail- b
way System, we tako from the bi
Thomas Gray, was born in Leeds, a
England, about half a century or S
more ago-and this is all we' know, i
of his early history. The Middleton fi
Collinry had a. railway for cairying 4
)al to: Leeds, -distance qf threi
siles. The cars moved along at the.
ite of three. and:a haif miles per
our. It:,was, laughed. at-not' by
ray--but by the wise public. Gray
iwii,this little 9rkfomething tha(
ugit e..augmenteinto reatness,
nd he~thought upon thie subjeet of
jcneral Iron Rlail*ay''until the peo-;
le' declard hidU. at . peti(
Oned Parliament; sought interview
ith the Lords of other great men,
nd thus became the laughing stock'
r all England. le received nothing
ut rebuft wherevei he went. All'
ils took place in 1820, or therea
But he succeeded at last. The
ailwayi were laid.. The world has
cen benefitted bfy the madness of
Well, what became of him, the
eader will ask. We do not know;
ut believe he still lives in Exeter, to
rhich place he removed. Up to 1846
e had been neglected. 'While thou
ands have been enriched by the
onsummation of his brilliant scfieme,
e remains forgotton-forced by pOV
rty to sell glass on commission for a
ving. Howitt, in his people's Jour
al,'a few years ago, gave a some-.
rhat lengthy sketch of his career.
hus bringing him into public notice..
Ve have seen nothing in print in re
ation to him lately. Elliot wrote a.
,reat truth, in these words:
Ilow many men who lived to bless man
-Ive died unthanked 1"
Hlow many of the railroad projqc
or, agitators, stockholders &c.
v0n heard of the subject of
gTlt.' dtMG. 'F .N13A LS.
n w ,imals have
t-he power of specch,3Phis ia takc
g r granted thathey have it'
on,. OP, ye V
f communicating tliri eas ihoso
1na~' n animals seern to possesstlf
oer~ i mhe no remarkal dgrCe,
hat live tugethui in eoimmnities ir
ocieties, as to them it would f course
e most necessary.
Bees are able to make different
ounds by' the means of their feelers,
nd these sounds convey various
aeanings. When they are about to
warm, scouts are sent out to find a
uitable location; those return, report
'hat they have seon, a buzzin noise
i made, and the whole swarm start
2r the place on which the scouts have
xed. A wasp, which has found
Dme store of food, has been observed
go to its nest, and in some way im
art such information to its associates
iat they have flown to the place in
Ants possess this faculty in a still
reater degree. When they are at
-ork, there is evidently a cormmuni
ation between the muaster-wvorkmen
nd the laborers. So when an army
f them is moving, the march is con
ucted with a regularity that would
e impossiblo unless they understood
ich other. A t a given signal-from
ue leaders, they are seen to quicken
ucir pace; scouts are,despatched, re
iforcments brought up, messages
mnt from 0one portion: to another, in.
much that theu various movemnents
som almost to be directed by hiumani
tei ligence. An ant that has fonnd
piece of' food too large to be carried
y itself unassisted, will return to its
est, and bring to its aid secveral of
s comnradles. Dr. Franklin gives
s an instancein point, lie had sus
ended a pot of molasses by a string
omn the ceiling, in order to preserve
from the ants. One of the trouble
ne visitors had remained on the
~t, and was seen ascending the
ring, and betaking itself to its holo,
ot many muoments had elapsed be
reO a large compan1y of ants were
seerned making their way to the
dtremity of the string; theydeen
ad to the pot, ate their fill, and then
ave way to another band of their
ungry fratornity. It would seoem,
this case, that information must
ave been given by the first discov-.
A crow perched~ on a loft~y limb,
hile its comnpaniohs are feedmng, by
single eaw, which is at once uder
~ood and acted on, give r.otice of
pproaching banger. Indeed the
ote of danger is one which all ami
tals seem to understand. A lhen,
y' her well known calls, will collect
er chickens under her wings, as ox
editiously as- Ii iuman mother can
ather her childrpn bywords. "Wh
wallow," says an obsrvan~naturae
it, "that, shriekitig, darta in devious
ight through the -air when a-hawk
lpears, not only calls unj the hirun
dines of the dillagebutit
understood, by ery fiaoh
row, and its wpeing tid" a
History relates:many case
communication am n
one sb much to the nt ha
not resist' gUti)g
"4An old oose th
fort-night hatching ina rm
en, was perceived o asudd
violently ill. She soon fte
nest, and repaired to an out.hite
where there was a young gooe'of the
first year, which she brought withi'et
into the kitchent Th yo'ung onei
mediately scrambled into the old die s
nest, sat, hatched, and t fwrwatd
brought up the brood. The old geo1
as the young goose had taken- her
place, sat down by the side of the iLt
and 'soon after died. As the young
goose had never been in the habit of
entering the kitchen before, I knlow
of no way of accounting for this fant,
then by supposing thit the ol one
had some way of communicatid hi
thoughts and anxieties,' Wbish- te
other was perfectly able- to 'under
stand." 0 4
Cattle have been known to hold a
consultation and agree upon. rs6
of action, such -as making-aWIhtt
neons attack upon maliciousoihl:
natured ones of their numbet.A
dog, which on one occAsio6rWeiW
rather hard treatment from a'*1i,
and fierce r -ighbor, soon after
e4-to the Lce where he had reie
,6a the injury, with a *iend stronger
than hiinself to hie'ige the'wrong
These are but a few of th ease
n record, but they -suffice to ho
(tat animals have some meana6f
Iiiunicathtg wW" each qtherei
sound , expresi6n, orgestee
these , uuswewecannot bu
future difseries in ols n
,doubt make them clea.r.:;
their missiou to
* o. gether in a one-hors. 'agon.
e was quito a ardent'i poh.
mot so profoub ac
im black-letter learni'pgjandogic
made up m'an aliaadgtt flow
words; set speeches, snatces of
litical oratore, &c., which. heha
heard at different caucusses,-I
which his retentive memory hoared\
up ready to be delived upon Zfting,
lhey had not proceeded Ar on
their journey when the man of broad'
cloth asked his companion if he in'
tended to make a speech, and upon
receiving an affirmative told
him he should like to hea , l as,
probably, it was all Ict abd dra
Accordingly, our limb of the law d
livered himself of his speech-the 1a- -
bor of more than one long night-to
our 'snapper-up of trifles,' who, after
applauding it much, and criticisngit
a little, desired the lawyer'to go
through with it. again, which swas
complied with.~ After-discussing fhe
ly its mer-its; and its cipceSfer i
provement in the delivery n~oie 3
pecily, theman of'noasure,' acta'
ally prevailed upon theaspeechifie~ 4
go through with it "agalm; the_ -
phmtented thie victim by tellin~ ~ a
that 'twas now perfect, and it coukb'l
Immediately upon their arrival at
Concord, they repaired to the chama~
her of the convention, which had juso
been organized. Our man of cloth
watchedl the chance, and before his
companion could say 'Mr. Speaker,
bie anticipatedl him, got the floor, and
to the surprise and astonishment eg
his friend in general, and his cedhippa
ion especiaily, recited' the whole
speech as ho caught it on the journey
rrpm the unconscious lawyer's' lipse
ve'rbatim et literatim'-t hen cobly'
Look his seat amidst thunder of a
PLAIN IBoILED RICE PUDDING.-.
Wash and pick some rice, thro*
among it some pimento, finely poun
dod, but not much; tie the r ice in a I
cloth, and have plenty of r'oom for it
to swell. Boil it in a quantity of wa'
tor for an hour oi'two. W~hen done,
eat it with butter and sugar, or milk~
Put lemon peel if you please.
It is very good without spide, an
eateni with salt and butter,
PUFF PUDPNGs.-Pour scalding
milk upon white bread sliced; -et i
stand till well soaked; thoi edM t
well four oggs, . little ur.)
grated nutuim ~~I''
these puddinge~# bi