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DEVOTED TO SOUTHERN RIGHTS DEMOCRACY, NEWS LITERATURE, SCINCE AND THE ARTS
l. . FRANCIE, PtTroSprieStorITL S.. C. M AY 8, O . 2
V* *'. SUMTERVILLE,.S. C. MWAY 8, 1850.
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TIIE ENGLISIT RE#G(CIDlis IN Al..
At the restoration of Charles I,
a geneal amnesty was granted to all
ex 4p hose who had been directly
insru6tal in the execution of his
-father. Amontr those thns excepted
-wetgQoffer Whallev and Dixwell,
JdgeIn tthigh ei ssion which
sent Charles -Stuart -." mek.
Driven away from '< ' t
an Yiially, seek in vs. .- -tn w.
*rica,ind on their arrii n, o.zhn,
E'qjtertained by Mr. EwlE-,tL the
vernor of the Colony, III every
'mark of respect. But as there soon
comes a royal warrant for their at
rpt, the regicides ar.Tfrced to leave
.b otonsand E0 efuge among the
for the officers
et o King had tracked theim'thith.
'yr, they hid themselves in a cave .n
Rock, and continue, for two
years, unknown to any but a few kind
frien Is, to whom they are indebted
el~ir Ote necessaries of life. Again
forced to flee, we next see them in a
Mill at Milford, where the lnaid of
the 'Mill, unconscious of their pre
sence, often greeted their ears with
.a cavalier song, setting forth the vir
tues of the blessed Martyr, aned con
signuing by name the two fugitives
themselves to disgrace and infoniv.
Following up their iiperf1ect his.
tory, we next meet them: at liadle\,
where they lived in a Cold, d1anp
cellar, denied even the privilege of
such homely joys as New Enugland
then afforded. Their lot was, indeed
sad, for New England was then one
vast wilderness and had scarcely yet
learned how to obtain from the eter
nal granite of her hills tie mneans of
subsistence, much less the ileans of
-wealth. In that wide period of her
history, the legicides lived in the
(lens and caves of thme cat th, with
two blood thirsty royalists in conc
stant pursuit, who tracked thetm as
mnen w'ith brandI and heounad track,
from covert to covert, the wild beast
of the forest. Concealed by dlay, by
might they wandered forth to breathe
the pure air atnd exercise their weary
limbs. 'lTere were many to pity
their misfortunes; many hearts to
bcat in unison with theirs ; and there
wore many) to excnte the spirit of'
revenge which thirsted for their'
blood!, but as a price was set upJonI
their heads, no man ventured to en
-tertain them openly. A t times, in.
-deed, they suddenly came forth from
their hiding places, and as suddenly
.disappeared, leading the credulous of
-the day to believe that they were 1)e
ings of more than an earthly mould.
And at last, in the samte cellar which
had so long afforded them its prIotec
tion, they die, far away frome the
scenes of their childhood, and the the
atre of their public otlice. And in
the yard of Mr'. Russell, beneath
whose house they lived, their bodies
were secretly buried, and, at a period
a little subsequent, were, with like
secresy, taken uip and conveyedl to
New Ihaven, where they have ever
s ineco reposed.
It was while the llegicides were at
I [adley, that an event t~ranspired
whic'e sceems to belong rather to ro
t, ance thtan to real li fc. An event
which has beeu ineterwoven in the
Wist-Ton Wish of Cooper, the Oliver'
Ne wman of' Southey, and the Peveril
of' the Peak of Scott. In 1475 Kcing
i hilip burst in fury upon the people
of I [adley while they wore engaged
inl public worship, arnd stunned them
by the suddenness of the blow. A
o'rito smile lightened un tho (lark
features of the Indian' Chief as he
looked on the success of his well con
certed plais. But in the moment of
victory, a tall old man, with his long
white locks streaming in the breeze,
bursts into the crowd and invokin
the God of Battles in a voice heard
above the din of conflict, rushed in
petuously on the conquering foe.
Animated by such a leader, they re
new the fight and change the for.
tunes of the day. And when the
victory is won, and all hasten to
thank their (leliverer, he suddenly
disappears, leaving them in as great
wonder and astonishnent as were the
Roni Fathers when Castor and
Pollix vanished hy "1 vesta's holy
well.' That mau, long regarded as
an angel fromn heaven was afterwards
known to have been Goffe, the Regi
cide. who, from an opening in his
cellir, witnessed the chances of the
contest and rushed to the fight with
all the fires of Nasely kindled afresh
im his veins.
It is. indeed, interesting but mel
anelly to trace the record of lives
thus spent, and to dhvell on the emo.
tions which must have agitated their
breasts during the long period of
their exile. Iow strange at that
time was the contrast between the
country inl which they lived as wan
derers and outlaws, and the land
which they left Iehind them. Strati
ger still was the conrast between the
rank which they ield in the one, and
that which the' had bel in the oth
er. For ini these inhabitants of the
cave we discern the near relatives of
Cromwell mid the heroes who had so
oftei put to flight the bi-avoes of
Luinsfird and I purt, and in the
disguised waDIderers of ILoller, we
see those %,ho in the 11,111 of William
Itufus had sat in judgment on the
life of a King, whi had witnessed the
mauguration of Oliver and who had
followed in procession as Lords of
JkRA M ~ 4j jf$(W. wnleu l 1e was
Not long since it was announced
that the descendants of John Dix
well, another of the llegicides, had
(isintered the remains of their ances
tor for the purpose of erecting a mon
ument to his ieniory. Ilaving also
fled to A merica, I.)xWell, under the
feigned name of Davids, lIong resided
in New Haven, aid at his death,
was buried by the side of G arid
Whally. As we 1taiid with his re
latives by the opening grave of this
Regicide we think of New Haven as
it was in 1688, and we go with its
weeping citizeis to the i use of
mourning. We gather arounid the
cIich of an- a geI seiiifhier, now in the
eighty- bthird year of his age, who is oh.
served to be troubled and resiless, 1r
lie has been anxiously expecting a rev
olution in ghmd. NIv nin the
lied of 1ea.th, in his slight deleh liri lie
mentions name anrcalli evenlts
wlicl plainly indicate that h.s past
lie has been oie of une iiconuiomn iite
rest. Now he is on the field of hat
tie cha-ging the enemies of the Com
moinweailth. Now he is helling on
the licenitions age of Chiarles I [, andi
how on thle terrors of the loodly As
sizes. But while we thus stanid
around his bed, it is whisperied that
a courir hias ju st ariiived from Rus
ton with the news that James 11 had
ben lhuriled fromin his thrioine,:nuil thati
the glorious re volutioii of 1088 I had
been achiieved. 'The welc-ome news
falling upon thne ears of the dying ld
man, starts him i from his deliriiunm.
Hiis thou ghits iio loiiger- wand eriig,
lhe thaniks God for this great victory
of civil and religions freedomi, anid
telling th e astonished grou p thamt his
nam> is Dix well, that lie is one (if the
Judges of Charles I. Without a
struggle he breaithed his last, w~hen
the evening sun had sunk behinid the
noble rock which was once the home
of Goffe and Whlally, his spirit was
winiging its way to iregions wherec the
drum heats no reveille and where the
clarion sounds no alarms.
Such wvere thei sad lives of the
Rtegicideis in Aimerica, the story of
whose exile, sufferinigs, and death
has th rown a livelier interest around
the pages of history, andI furnished
themes foir poietry and romance. Thelu
time has come when their characters
may be dispiassionately reviewved by
history. Andl the historian of whait
ever party ini noting these public acts,
will r-ecordI for the judlnnent of ages
to Come that among those who hiav'e
fought in the cause of civil and reli
gious liberty, none werec more con
sistcnt in their principles, and none
mnore excemplary in their- lives.
(337 'Thi celebrated Ke~nucky' "inm,"
fifteen i years of age, and wveighing 500
poumnds, is in Cinc-innati. i:,rnium is en
la;rg~inghuia Musucm n~ eI xp'ctation of himg
LET MNE REST.
lie does well who does 116 best;
Is 1 weary! let him rest;
ihrothers ! I ImLVe done my 1,est,
I anm weary-let m rest.
After toiling oft in vain,
linifleci, yet to Otrtlgglid fairt;
Aftvr toilitig lonig, to gailn
.ittle gootd with inickle pain;
Let me rest-but lcy rue low.
Where tile hedge side rolscs blow;
Witero glae little dluisea grow,
When tile winds n.-Mayig go;
Where the footpath rusties plod,
Wihere llt- br'eze-bow'el ijplarA nol;
Where the oll waox<ls worsimip God;
Where IIis wneil paints the sod;
Where- tile wedel thrstle sings;
Where tie yoing tbird tries hi wings;
WIwre the wailing plover seings,
Near the rtnilet. rniihy ieprings!
Sincerity is the ground work of all
that is good and valuable. However
beautiful in appearance the structure
may be, if it stand not on this found
ation it Cannot last. But sincerit V
can hardly be called a vit tue in itsel',
though a deviation from it is a fault.
A man may be sincere in his vices, as
well as in his virtues. Now lie who
throws off all remorse or shame, and
even makes a boast of his vices, canli
claim no merit from the sincerity lie
expresses in so doitig. If lie who is
sincere cannot nppear amiable, his
heart is wrong, and his sincerity, far
from being a virtue, seems only to
add to the rest of his faults that of be
ing willing to give pain to others. and
able to throw aside that shaine which
would atten(d on every fault, whether
great or small, lind which is some
times a restraint to such as are inca
pable of being influeiiced by nobler
motives. lloig!hness of manner is,
in fact, so far from being in itself a
tark ofsiiieerity, that it is merely the
natural expression of one character,
as gentleness is of another. And it
should always be remembered, that to
connect the idea of a good quality
'.'.?f Mm -lajf g d sa
iuch more pernicious coscriences
than may at first be apprehiended.
Yet this is too often done, in many
intitances, not only' by those who are
ititerested to promote such a decep
tion, but also by those who take up
:naxiiii upon credit, and believe what
others have believel, withint inqpiir
inig into the grotuids f(i such opininwis.
This is too muchi tle case with the
world in general.
There are mnyiv different species
of heat ache itn this wtorl(l, and many
sharper and deadlier pangs than that
of absence; but still seperation from
thoese we love is a hard thing to bear.
Inl that respect, as in mnny others,
mieni ha-e the nilvanta gte over women.
Wlerev er the lover g 's, n itti:;
her presence to whom his heart is
boiid, he goes to action and to active
life-to life that demands the exer
tioni of his menit al, perhaps even &f
his bodily energies, that brin.gs limi
bit little time for the weary pi1iig
' the heart, wih is the worst pain
of absence. An.1 hire -ti him w ith
whlose own eifeerts it at least part'lyv
rests to change hope into cei'taiinty
wecars an aspect bi~rihter far', and1(
speatks in at tonite of' ar inore joyeus
pr'onuise, thman slthidos toi that heart
which has nthiing to do butt to wait
- to suiffer andi lie still" T'he du-.
Stes of a woman are rarely suchl as to~
lini dei' ier though~l s from d welliti ' on
Di st 'oxni:x-r.-.-D isce ntent is a sin
that is its own itunishmena'it, and makes
men-i tormiient themttselvyes; it imakes
the sp ji'it sad- the ha d v sick-and
all enjoymnent situ'; it arises not fr'om
coitflfion, buit thei mmnid. Pauil was
contenited in pirisoin-Ahab was dlisc-on
tenited int a pa~lace~; lie Ihad all the de
lighs oS(f C'atnaan. the p leasantt landl
thte wealth of' a k:ingdom, the le'a
a re of' a cour it, thot htmnor's and p oweris
of a thirone; yet, all thItis avails him t
inothinig withouat Naboth's vinetvard.
Iniortdiniate dlesires ex pose mten to) coi
tinual vexations; mund heing (disposed
to fret, they will always finid somec
thing to fret about.-'Ji/tthw IHen
iTue:PnoonE:34 OF LIFE:-Men re
joice when the suit is kien, they ire
joice ilso when it goes down, whilst
they aire unconmsciousg of thme decay of
their own lives. Men rejoice on see
ingi thte face of' a no w season, as at tho
arrival of' one greatly dlesired. Nev
ei'theless the r'evolutionm of seasons is
the diecay of humani life. Fi'agments
of' drtift wood mneeting ini the wide
ocean continue together a little space;
thus parents, wives, children, rela
tives, friends, ond richies remain with
us for a short imo, then soporate and
separation, is inevitable. .Bo mortal
can escane theo commro n ant h who
mourns for his departed relatives has
no power to cause them to return.
One standing on the road would read
ily say to a number of persons pass.
ing by, I will follow you. Why,
then, should a person grieve, when
journeying the same road which has
been assuredly trodden by all his
forefathers ? Life resembles a catar
act rushing down with irresistable
impetuosity. Knowing the end of
life is death, every right minded man
ought to pursue that which is connec
ted with happiness and ultimate bliss.
-Dubhlin University Magazine.
To Youva AINEN.-Don't rely up
on friends. Don't rely upon the good
name of your ancestors. Thousands
have spett the prime of life in vain
hopes of aid from those whom they call
friends, and thousands have starved
because they had a rich father. Re
ly only upon the good name which is
made by your own exertions, and
know that the best friend you can
have is an unconquerable determina
tion, united with decision of charac
SoCrTry Ix CALUFORnNa.-An in.
telligent correspondent of the Journ
al of Conineree, gives the following
picture of California Society:
"This mining business rusts a man
wonderfully, and yet I find more lit
erary men engaged in it than of any
other class. In fact, the mines n.te
well stocked with lawyers, doctor-s
and schoolmasters. The first of
these have little in their calling to at
tend to; the second, plenty of physick
ing, but no pay-the third undoubt
edly find gold-digging a much more
agreeable occupation than ramming
ideas into thick skulls, or belaboring
the unfeeling backs of stubborn ur-I
chins. Of ministers, the number is I
not a great deal, nor the deihrd;
every effort here to get u lbath
'no is tohlo~f lA , . ofr
ence meeting among 3, 5, 6 or .. ,-.
professing christians of different d,-.
nominations. The ravines are frmn
one to six miles apart, with high hills
intervening, and the cabins ate even
more scattered. Sunday, to), as I
have heretofore told you, is washing
day, mending d.y, prcspect hunting
and gala-day. There is no narrying
to do--no children here to haptise
no sacramental feast--no females to
exert a hallowed iniluence--.-no homes
to tie men down. Such a state of
society, I venture to assei t, has ncv
er before existed in the world's histo
Iy. I am impatient to get back to
soine spot where the thirst for gold
has not lrunk ip the tbler qualities
)f lie hm.tn heart, anl made inca
brutish, selfish and unihilv. I admit
there are soine excepti.'tis, but gen.
erally si eaking, inflcf hero art! not
what they were at home. All re
straints are removed, and the cloven
foUt was boldly displayed."
I .ITaIUO I)NA t. StI-LATrox. -
So me years ago, when the wor-ld was
inad1 uiponi lott"ries, the cootk of a
middtle-aged gentleman drew from his
hanmds the. saving's of some y-ears.
Ier mnastet-, elmiotis to kitow the
eaulse, leatrned that she hadl repeated
ly d reamed that a certin number
was a great prize, and had btoutght it.
lie called her a fo'ol for lier- pains, anti
never omittedi ani occasioni to tease heri
on the subject. Onte day, however,
the mma-ster saiw ini a newspaper thtat
the. tmlmber was actually a prtize of'
?20,000. Coo k is calle uc1 p---a pal
aver' enisues-h ad knIowit lier imaniiy
yea:rs-lthl to. pait, &c., in: short,
lie ptopoIses miari'a ge andlis acceptted.
Thle y were married thle next Inorning
and' as thme car-riage htok the'm from
the~ chturchel the folltowiiing dliahoguc eni
"Well, \lii11y, two happy eventts in
one day. You have tmrriedl, I tr-ust
a goad t hsanad; y'ou Ite soimethiiing
else. lBut first let mec a~sk vou where
yourT lottery tic-ket is ?"'
Alollj1y, who thought he was begin
ning to banter- the old sub'ject, re
"D~on't you say more abmout that.
I thought how it woul lhe, I ntever
should heiar- thet end1 ott: so 1 sold it
tt the baker for a gineia profit--so
tieednm't make any more fuss about
A C'AI'ITA. R.\Tr S'oRtY.-1ev.
W~alter. Colton, in his agroeable attd
chiristiman-like diar-y of , voyage to
California in a man of-war, etititled
"Decck and Port." (iP which, by the
way, much is ildly.and convincingly
said against the qiirit ration and~ flog
ging in the naug,) relates the follow
ing ca, ital mt story:
"i; av, always felt aomo regardi
for ai since my eruisft in the Con-1
stellation. We were fitting for sea
at Norfolk, and taking in water and
provisions; a plank was resting on
the sill of one of the ports which com
municated with the wharf. On a
bright moonlight evening, we discov
ered two rats on the plank coming
into the ship. The foremost was
leading the other by a straw, one
end of which each held n his mouth.
We managed to capture them both,
and found, to our surprise, the one
led the other was stone blind. His
faithful friend was trying to get him
on board, where he would have com
fortable quarters during a three years
cruise. We felt no disp~sition to kill
either, and landed them on the wharf.
How many there are in this world to
whom the fidelity of that rat readeth
a lesson !"
INCIDENT OF THE PENINSU.
BY MRS. E. F. ELETT.
It was a bloody and critical period
of the war in the Peninsula, that
Morrillo, then commanding the fifth
Spanish army, about four thousand
strong, in conjunction with Penne
Vilemur, passed down the Portugues
frontier to the Lower Guadina, inten
ding to fall on Seville as soon as
Soult should advance to the succor
of Badajos. In the beginning of
April, while the French were dis
heartened by the sudden news of the
fall of the city, Penne Villemur and
Morillo, issuing out of Portugal, cross
ed the Lower Guadina and seized San
Lucar de Eayor. This place was
ten miles from Seville, which was on
ly garrisoned by a Spanish Swiss bat
tallion in Joseph's service, aided by
"Escopetors," and by sick and con
valescent men. The Spaniards soon
occupied the heights in front of the
Triana bridge and attacked the
French cutrenchments, hoping to
raiQen nnula'r "'zanntion~,Jlaai
teros, on th1e other sie, ima .
cod mth eleven thousand men, intend.
ingLP to fall on Seville fmnm thn left of
But the hopes entertained'f1f
Spaniards of being speedily in posses
sion of Seville, were cut off by a piece
of (leceit. False information adroitly
given by a Spaniard in the French
interest, led Ballasteros to believe
Soult was close at hand whereupon
he immediately returned to the Ron
dai; while Penneo Villemur, also warn
ed that the French would soon re
turn, retired to Gilbralcon.
This disappointment and failure in
the execution of a favorite project,
cherished for many mouths, irritated
bievond control the natural severe
temper of Morillo.
It was evening, and the division
of the army uder him, was encamp
ed some hours march on their re
treat. Preparations might have been
seen for a military execution, and a
couplelof prisoners captured in their
last skirmish, were according to the
cruel practice ofsoume chiefs in those
times, to he put to death. The cap
tives were guiarded by a file of sol
(iers, and the executioners, waiting
the wor-d of commanad to draw up,
were leaning on their weapons and
talking of the evenats of the last two
Just then, one of the inferior ofhi
eei s returning to his tent, after giv
inug somec order to the men, was in
terruipted by a boy apparently tenm
yarsd ofae, who, seizing his hand,
adspeakinig in an accent slightly
foreign, bes.ught him with piteous
entreaties, to procure him admittance
to the general. The officer found,
onm inqjuir-y, that he was the son of one
of the p risoncrs, a soldier distinuguish
ed for his eminent personal bravery,
who had nmot beena taken, even when
overp~owered( by numberms, without
giving and receiving many severe
wounds. This soldier, weary and
wondm~ed, but invincible in courage
andl spirit, for- he scorned to ask clemn
e-ncy of his conqumerer, was now to
sutfer detath with his companion ;n
misfortuine. The terrible or-der had
been given, for Morrihlo would not
be imfpedled in his march by prisoners;
and lhe so hated his country's cne
mies, that the bravest andl mfoat gen
crous amnig them could have found
no rmercy at his haads. The prison
Dr's littlo boy refusing to be separa
ted from his father, hMd been sulfered
y the Spaniards to follow him.
"You shall see the general, boy,
4ince yon wish it," said the officor,
a reply to the child's passionate en
~reaties; 'hut be will niot grant your
ather's life. San Luicas ! but these
French dogs have given us too much
T1hey entered the general's tent;
MIorillo, by the light of a lam p burn
ng on a table was reading a despatch
is had innt received Two o his
officers stood near him; there was no
one else in the tent. The brow of the
chief was contracted, and his eye
flashed as if what he read displeased
him; and he looked up with an impa
tient exclamation as the officer Ofiter
ed wivh the boy. The child, as soon
as Morillo was pointed out to him,
rushed forward and knelt at his feet.
'What does this mean ?' demanded
'Spare him! spare my father!' sob
bed the youthful supplicant
The officer explained hip relation
ship to one of the prisoners about to
'Ali! that reminds tme,' said the
chief, looking at his watch. 'Pedro,
nine is the hour. Let them be punc
tual, and have the business soon over.'
Again with moving entreaties, the
child besought his fathers life.
'Did thy father send thee hither!'
asked the general, sternly.
'No, senor, he did not.'
'And how darest thou then-?'
My father has done nothing to
deserve death ,' answered the lad.
'Ile is a prisoner of war.'
'Ia! who taught thee to question
my justice? answer me.'
'No one, senor, but brave generals
do not always kill their prisoners.
'I kill whom I choose,' thundered
Morillo; 'and I hate the French.
Roy, thy father shall die. I have
said it, begone.
The officer made a silent sign to the
petitioner to intimate that there was
no hope, and that lie must be gone.
But the boy's countenance suddenly
changed.-Ie walked up to the gen
'ral, who had turned away, and pla
ced himself directly before him, with
a look of calm resolution worthy of a
'llear me, senor,' said he; 'm
father is gray headed, lie is wounded
his strength is failing even now,
though eo stands up to receive the
fire of y ur men. I am young and
Strong, and well. Let them shoot me
n uhis place, anud let my father- go
devoted child was/ ,, -thewith a holy
enthusiasmn. A dark flush rushed to
the brow of Morillo, and for a moment
lie looked on the boy in silence.
'Thou art willing to die,' at length
lie said 'for thy father ? Then to
stiffer pain for him will be nothing.
Wilt thou lose one of thy ears to
'I will,' was the firm reply.
'Lend me thy sword, Padlin;' and
in an instant at one blow, the gener
al 'struck off the boy's ear-The
victim wept, but resisted not; nor
raised his hand to wipe away the
'So far, good. Wilt though lose
the other ear?'
'I will to save my father!' answer.
ed the boy convulsively.
Morillo's eyes Ilashed. The hero
isn of a child compelled even his ad
miration; but unmoved from his crued
purpose, he smote off the other ear
with his still reaking sword!
There was a dead silence.
'And now senor,' said the boy,
breathing, quickly, and looking up
into the general's face.
'Arid now,' answered Morillo,
'dlepart. THlE FATHER OF SU'cH A
CHfLDnr Ii ANGIEROLS To SPMNtx: HEI
MU'ST PAY THlE FORFEIT OF HiS
The maimned child went forth from
the presence of his inihumnan fi.
Presently the report of firearms an
nounced that he witnessed the execu
tion of his father.
Must we blame the cruelty of in
dividuials for such enormities?-or
not rather the relentiness spirit of
war, that builds up the glory of its
heroes of a seaffoldinig of death, and
sacr-ifices daily to the projects of am
bition, the prompting of humanity ?
([From tide New York Ibiune.]
Pn~feumilaco Shieroidal Sytem for
the p'rodnectio'n of Steamn, invented
by, Air. Cestud de* Be'auregard.
Two months have scarcely elapsed
since we spoke in the Tribuno of a
great physical discovery made by Mr.
lloutigny in Paris, and we have al
ready received the news of its re
duction to practico, which if it prove
true, will produce a great revolution
in manufactures and the moans of lo
Everybody has remarked that
when drops of water fall upon the
cover of a hot stove, they aggregato
themselves into little balls, rolling for
an instant like mercury .In a glass,
anid a itoment after dispok gin
stean. ap itg
'Mr D lgy BautierhtMbia t1
maker, starting from this fact, unex'
plained by any theory known at the
time, some years ago zhade a aerid -
of experiments upon what the learia
now call the Spheroidal or fousth
state of water. Two yedts since
Mr. B. publishedgen this subject, a
book which is of the most attractive
kind, and he says at the close that
he is in the way of finding th 'princi.
pie of a practical application to tho
formation of steam.
On speaking with Mr. Boutigiy
on this subject, you recognise a first
rate chemist, but though he has a
theoretical knowledge of mechanics,
he is not an engineer.
Happily, at this point of 4be dis
covery, a civil engineer, Mr. Cestud
do Beauregard entered the field,
and, as will be seen by the following,
has reaped a rich harvest.
Ii the Rue du Fauborg St. Den.
nis, No. 162, at Paris, Mr. C. de
B. has erected a steam engine of 500
horse power on his new plan 'In
place of the common boiler with its
tubes and other complications, Je
employed a single vessel with a flat
bottom, about one-fiftieth as large as
an ordinary boiler of the same power.
It is inclosed in a brick turnace
above a fire-gite of reduced dimen
sions. This vessel is always empty
of water. Connected with the bot
tom are two pigometers to indicafe its
temperature, and on the cover is a
valve, which you open when you wish
to stop the engine in an instant. X
manometer or safety apparatus
The work is so constructed as to
keep the bottom of the boilers attho
temperature of 750 Firenheit, and
the principle which se a for a basi s
When a small quantity of watedr
cast upon a surface heated to 750
Fahrenheit or more, it is reduced to
stean which 1A forme-- and remazmt&
at the same temperature of 750.
To use.the en ne ose o, to e
bic inchesofwt re W
th6 hot vessWj
egins to setthe pitho t
After that the engine itself Iauppe
the boiler with the- :equisio -AM
quantity of water. -
The steam leaves the cylinder- at
the temperature of 580 and pas iPg
through the water reservoir ofa coil
of pipe, heats that water and raises
it to 212 before escaping into the at
mosphere, or before being reduced to
For the last three months Mr.
Beauregard's works have been acces
sible to every body. The first En
gineers and men of science in Paris
have been there engaged dtiring that
period in every kind of experiments;
the result of which is perfectly satig
factory and leads to the following
conclusion, with regard to the new
1st. Economy of fuel of over fifty
per cent. TIhe best boilers known*
require three pound of coal per hour
for each horse power. The new sys
tem, only from one to one and a half.
2d. Reduction in the weight of
machinery over fifty per cent.
3d. Security from explosion.
The safety apparatus used in it is simu
ply to prevent the boiler from being
mijured by the fire; none is necessary
to prevent explosions; the vessel be
ing always empty of water and empty
of water and steam, when the engitio.
Supposing all this to be true, as
we hope it will prove to he, the dis
covery must produce a greet ocrggs
in all branches of mechanics with a
reduction of the cost of many airticles
of first necessity. 1But the main ro'
sult will surely be, increased speed in
steam navigation The reductiono
weight in the new boiler will give ii
power dlouble that of those now in use
without changing the draft of the
vessel; and by the reduction in the
consumption of fuel the same cargo
of coal will be sufficient to sail the
same number of days even with en
gines of double the present power.
But as the trip will be performed int
less number of days, a diminution -in
the quantity of coal taken on board
will still be possible.
VICTOn BEAUMONT, Civil igit
AnSENCE OF MIND.--.--Awea
Ohio put her baby into a waahfi* (
and its dirty frock and parI6stidf@@e
cradle, and sent her little o
it. She did no i 0e s
until ie shabyo'f4iel e
its talete cIVli n f~
ut in :y, t~t