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ALU X., IN THE
it, .t ta t
ofr Aasembly on
26,--. de Laroche.jaquelfii I the
table the extraordinO that
an appeal should t e oun
try on the questlo' and
Republic, which was hoever dIsposed
ithout discussion by the Assembly
4 nimously voting the previous ues.
tion. The following is a report of the
proceedings on this occasion:
At-the close of the discussion on the
budget, Al. Dupin, the President, who
appeared excited and embarassed, rose
~idil .Our regulations have not
aon(ipit to the .rights of the
representatives: as to forni that right is
absolute. Nevertheless it is possible
to have a proposition presented, which,
4iy its eccentric character, and its ille.
gality, might implicate the respoisibili.
- lty of the President of the Assembly, in
case~he should deliver it over to the
discussion of a committee, and should
'permit it to be printed without first con
suiting the Assembly. [Sensation.]
If the author of the proposition wishes to
withdraw it, the question will be at an
end. [Exclamations on the lefil.] In
the contrary case, what has been his
object in making it?
A voice on the left. It is unconstitu.
The President : Por my own part I
declare it to be unconstitutional both in
form and import.
General Bedeau: If it is unconstitu
tional, do not read it.
On the left: Yes, yes, read it!
M. Cremieux: I demand permission
to speak I
M. Dahirel : I formally oppose there
being Ay discussion.
M. Cremieux ascended the tribune:
and the greatest confusion prevailed in
On the left: Allow the proposition
to be read.
The President: The adjournment
has been proposed.
Numerous voices: No, no-yes, yes.
The Minister of Public Instruction,
who appeared to have made himself ac.
quainted with the nature of the proposi.
tion, ascended the tribune, M. Cremie.
gi M. de Parieu (the Minister of Pub.
lie Instruction :) Gentlemen, the Pres
ident of the Assembly has called for a
manifestation of the sentiments of the
Assembly, by informing it that there
lies before him an unconstitutional
proposition, and has asked for pernis.
Pion not to make its contents known.
i presence of the difficulty already
Existing in matters of business, and
considering that from what the Presi.
- dent has just said, the proposition up.
pears of a nature to trouble public tran.
9uility, we apply to you, in the interest
of the country4tself, to decide that the
proposiion must be considered as not
presented. (On the lefi, "No, no;" on
the right. "The previous question, the
M. Cremieux again appeared in the
tribne u"Ioaut -ries of "No, i.'' The
lon..gentleman, however, persisted. anI
said!: The s& ntimnent which animates
the Presid ent of the A asembly-..-..
'A e ~a1a voices: Oq wghat have you a~
: enr hanntthe Presid ent 0t
- Instfutotion is nssnredly an excellent
one, but~the question cannot be so de.
dIdeth One of our colleagues has pre.
sented a propos.'ion wvhich is known to
a greatnumber of our colleagues.
Several voices: Every one knows it.
M1. Cremieux: In that case, why
should it not be read ? It would really
reenm, from wvhat is now passing here,
-that the destiny of France is at the mer.
" cy of' any one that miay choose to corn.
promise it. But who could exercise
influence over the destinies of France?"
[Noise on the lefi.] I move that the
proposition be read : and then, a fter
wards we can see what we shall have
The President: I proceed to consult
Numerous voices: No, no. The
previous question; the previous ques..
The President: I cannot take upon
myself the responsibility of reading
ihis proposition. I must take the opin.
ion of' the Assembly on that point.
The Assembl~y being consulted, de.
cided by a very small majority, that
the proposition should be readl. TIhie
wvhole of the leil, and part of the right,
rose in favor of that course.
The President: The proposition has
been presented by M. de Larochieja.
quehin. It runs thus-.
"A rt. 1. The nation shall be eon.
suited on the form of government wvhtich
it will definmtely constitute [Agitation.j
For that purpose, on the first Sunday
-of- a ballot shall be opened, simi.
lar to that wvhich took place on the
election of the President of the Rtepub.
lie, taking, how~ever, into account the
.changes effected in the electorial cir.
Art. 2. Each elector shall mark
downt on his bulletin one of these two
words-Republic or Moniarehvy.
Art. 3. If' the republic shall obtain
IVe majority, the result shall lbe pro.
claimed from the tribune of the Na.
4l ional Assembly, by the President of
A rt. 4. If the monarchy shall obtain
the majority, 'the result shall be pro.
A voice: Biy Ihenry V.
- Te President continuing: "Bly the
President of the Legislative Assem'bly.
-[Great laughter.] In this latter case,
at Constitu~ent Assembly shall be elect.
-;ed on the 1st of' July, 1850, by univer.
4 sal.suffrage, to regulate the forms of
tho new government. The President
of' the Republic shall continue in offiee
until the Constituent Assemibly shall
SA voice: The proposit ion ought to
be brou it forward ont the 1st of A pril.
Pio aliides: the previous ques
r iPresiden: The previous ques.
~O~~applied for. (Yes, yes !)
M ~o de .Laborsle hurried towards
a t ribune.
s I thatt moment the Assnmbly, n.
ing suitea by lhe Presint rosa en
mause in Vor of the previou uostion.
tetiptive stoo lp ganous
From thoeMIbuttain roae'tha mo.
ment after, a cry of "Vivo la Repub.
M Dupin then tore the paper, and
the Assembly separated.
Mr. Webster In Boston.
Mr. Webster arrived In Boston on
Monday, and was received by a con.
course of about 5,000 persons, who had
assembled to hear him speak. He ad.
dressed the crowd from the barouche
in which he was sitting. The following
is an abstract of his speech, us report.
ed by telegraph:
Mr. Webster commenced by obsorv.
ing that he was sorry to say thtut in tIhe
attempts to settle tie great and exciting
questions which were now agitating the
country from one extreme to the other,
suficient progress had riot been made
to secure a perfbct reconciliation of
conflicting interests; but still there was
ground to indulge tihe hope that an ad.
justment, satisfactory to every section
ofour wide and diversified Union, would
yet be made.
He fully appreciated the kind con
gratulations of his fellow-citizens-ful.
ly appreciated the declaration that thev
did not come here as partisans. Thiis
was not the pilace nor the time to dis.
cuss party questions.
le had in his own humble way made
ntl ('flort to conciliate--to calm that ex
cited state of feeliig which agitated tle
PiOlic mind of the North aid of' the
South, aiid to restore to the federal
government the ability to conduCt its
ail'airs, as heretofore, with efl'ctive ini.
ty. It could not hie concealed, for the
fact was evident to all that it was out of
the power of Congress to legislate for
the general interests of the whole Colin.
try, utitil stuch iensures shotild first he
adopted which would have a direct teli.
dt-lncy to allay that excitemenit wvhiiel
all patriots must depreente.
In this condiition of things---in this
peculiar situation of afairs--he had
thought that the Couuimnwealth of,
Massachuisetts would have a pproved of
all honest endeavors to allay existin!
dissetnsions, and that putblic sentii-nt
everywhere, irrespective of locality,
Would approve the efl'oi t such as lie hid
alluded to. le Irustied that in thise
expectations he should not be disappoin.
ted; but, however that might be, it vas
his intention to persvere in the cuirse
of pacification whicb he had commenced
regardless of consequences, so far as
as related to him personaliv.
Under no circumstarces woul]d he
give tile slightest countenance to local
agitations which threatened, in bis opin.
ion, to sever the tnion. "May my
torlgue cleave to the roofof rmy niouth,"
coitinued ir. Webster, in a tone of
exceeding animation, "before I give
coulntelaice to anly agitati0ns of Ihis
kind." When he retirned to his scat
in tie Senate, he should take the earli.
est occasion to express his~ opinions fully
011 this and kindred sUubj'cts.
There was, lie regretl to~uaus&'p.
il retferenc to saru il tNE ons nowu be.
fore Congr. toe wold mencltion, for
e~nom tha i llt concinCitlg tile sutrrenlder
of fugitive slauve's. Thaere wuere oliga.
tiouns iupose'd up;on eve'ry oflicer of the
fede'raih g.overtumen~lt--bhl igatIiions iam.
posed by the sanctityv of anO oath-whlich
could not lie disrega'rded nor slightiingly
plerformred. Ag reeabile dlut ies reqiralm
no0 efTor't to perifourmi; but when'i diisalgree
aIble duities inid :o lbe dlischanrged. in op
positiotn t strog peirsoinal f'inigs. thenii
it was thalt the fa0ithI anid virtue of lie
puli c ullicer wa re trnild.
Mtass~aelmsetts--...intellec(tual in charoc
ter.-of the hlighiest oral stltmlilis
rigid inl her sense of julst ice--a Staie
liat hals n1eve'r swe rveud freim thle pathI
of rect it ude andI ihonor--whlether she
would, ill this he(r (diy of trial, stand to
the truth as it existed, agaiinst not ilere.
ly' temlplttiona, hut auga inst her own pre.
Iudices. She had conquered everv'.
bod(1y's prmejutd ices, anad thei qtu''stioni no~w
to dete rimine was, whet her shet wiiuld
conqute r lier own. ThIais was the iut's
lion w hich lie hadl nlow to ask.
IIe had( not stepuped back wards-ie
had abandonled no0 olt positions. lIe
hadl underta ken to restore peace whei'r.'
distract ion reigned- --to pour oil on thue
troubled waters-to mllake te peoph-l
realize the peril of'ziieir situlahti, anid
by iniu lcatIinlg a true spirmit of' (co11mr.
muise and( coince'ssI in, avert all thireateni.
ing dlantgerls'. lie did ni ot wish to see
this great conifederuacy of' States boiundi
togethier' by aimee h-'gl ties, but by thi M
commlnonlsymplathliis whiich htindt k indrled
hearts togethier. What hei mos''t de.
sired to see was ain al l-pervadinrg love (of
etar gloirious [Union, which shold lie
felt as wvargiay in the North as ini thei
South-in the col graitie hills of Ne w
Enlglatnd as9 in our faar off' possessionls oil
[There wans very little emb lusia.un
manrifested du rinig the del ive'ry (of Mr i.
Webster's sp'eech, ow ing, probab, toI
the disad vantanges undel(r wvhiichth
crowd'i lalbored, in lnot b'ing ahble to hea r
very miuch annuoyed bye ti raling of
a cart load~ed with ir, which, it is sa id,
wvas enOgaged by somelf of Mr. W. 's liri
soil friends, to make ais miuch nloise (1u.
rinug tile delivery of' the speech as psi
bile. Mi r. WV. Ppoke abiout tweinty mrial
tets. Whlen lie 'ommuenced speak ing.
bouquets were shiowe red upon him i by
thle f'ai r inmates of the te vere I lousi.
who occupied every witndow; and whiose'
gay atnd lovely appearance lt at peeci.
liar charm and grace to the whole
FI.onintA-T'IIs SourTnsN CoNvaNs.
TIo.-T'lhe pe'ole. of Florida are mn.
ifestinag a beconmitng senasitivoenessq to the
tunme and sub~missive counsels of( ov.
Birowni. Public meetings are being
held in various parts of the State and
the resolutionsq which have come to tus
showv that the people are taking the
management of their affauirs into their
own hands. Largn assnwhigscn
vened npn, and Vihor
populo hll resolutions
am of the Southern
ye ~ s taken for the
.or d A very nu
eron g Id at Talluhasse
in the il ul., - it Was recoi
mended that .liddlo and West Florida
should each se id P delegates, and
East and South Florida one each, ma.
king six from the State, and suggesting
that they bo'elected by the people in
primary meetings. The Pensacola
Gazette, which 6pposes the Corivention
admits that the inost distinguished inen
in the State are co-operating wilih the
masses in favor ofiheso movements.
We have no doubt but that the people
of Florida will stand by their represeit.
tatives in Congress notwitlistiaidinig the
cronkings of an imbecile Governor.
In the Senate, on Wedinesdiny, the
bill to increaso the rank and file of' the
ariny was passed.
A lier the inorning business, the joint
resolution from the -louse, to a id the ex
peition set on foot by Mr. Griiell, fur
the discovery an relief of' Sir- John
Fraildin. was taken up.
Mir. Clay ailvcated if.
Air. Dayton said the season was fit.
vorable to the eiterprise. The northri
sels were remarkiably free from ice,
our gallant ollicers and seamen were
ready to volunteer to serve in the per
ilous enterprmi. Thll British Gov'ern
ment hud not givenil up tle exploration.
Xlen, not reared ill tile :ival service
were ready to iiiba rk.
Air. Butler and others olvocatcd the
Mr. Foote wvias in favor of the expe.
flition, but wishett it he undertaken )n
Goerinme'nt necont. A tier imuich
disueission, iii whu-ich Mr. Yulee stiated
the views of the Niv y deeairtment.
The qluestion was thlen taken i und Ilhe
res-)lut ion was passed, yvens i-3 nas
Air. Doui)glas callel for the ctiral
railroad bill. Mir. Putler muoved that
lie Stenate go into w'Cntivi e SU'S0in.
hI'lie Senate sRnt srin time in ex ec.
ltive sess:-ion. amnd hen a ljourin-d.
In the lloe', Mr. Alel ani(, of id..
askd lhe ianiililtns cnisenit of lhe
I limse to allow the Seiate, hill, oin Ithe
Spitker's tible, miehndtory of the net
establisfiing tle riniit, to be ~ taken and
Mir. T mbf(orioh'jVeted.
()On lotiol of Mr. P. iigof New
York, the rules wer siispeiil-e d, anid
the louise reselvie ise-lf into (onnit.
t,-e Ofthe Whoh>1 Onl thle.stAt. (of Own U'n.
ion, (ir- Thomioi of' .\is., in Ile
Clhir,) and r-umoeri tlie consideration
of tIh cenlsius beill.
Af r. Stepheis. of ( Georgiat, spok( .ii1
hour in denial of' thee ermnstitltita10111l now.
er of the fcderal governient to g.;tiier
ti statisu.eis, such as were provided for
by this lill.
Ar. Thompsijeon, ef' Pat., floicwr-dl in
rl ily, and defemle tile tIl, vien, of
it-r i word or in "~~ At. V. . -. *r
'l'onn , ~ ommninite. or th wrh.2l re.
tuised tostrike fronm the L~ii uimn ior
t,,, .- -.:- ... -i zi g o t t
a e of 1(0 ini the ' arlnatvc
LAelr. Mhore-.. spoke~i in friv.or of' rejecting
he bill unless 'ineiided Icv hlisp-esi
wii hi the taifics1L.
Niimi-rons~ uiinfp itanit peropoeesitions
to9 amiiendi wee(1111' ia eiiand neited dou n.
Th'enu the Iliouse J Cii a ijorne.
Thle IRailrov to4 II Tenne'ssee ri ve'r is
ini raipid penronss. Caers will be rune.
iing to Mcurreesb~slorouighl (301 muihes
this falt. Io nuioetheri y'ear the'~ nii elwil;
lie cemleted, aind lthe cities of Nas
'.ille, Sanomdelahi, ni C7ilc'rle.eon be nofi.
tedl. Thie earis are iiw ruiinii-' ccm,
Chla bul'.fia, onf the' Tem.'1sscc riv- . r t
the Tu'nniel I hill in (eordaj~. TlM. e~ei
ton~ is hi enl-ed aeroiiui r ,--whiiiped emi
the road fto eiter eef lih Athueifie <-itift
coneictedI withe the iei:el. I17 bales~'Ic
cif c'ttoei ari cariie d e il'everiy. w.- k.
'This t r~iele is iill lost to Newv Oll ies.
TIhie .\emiipis papierse are tilb-id w.ith
exhaorta:tuiins to ihe c:iti-.-'is to siieuhri
fo r sbn-Ik iin the roade to Ci harilesitn.-..
.l'e.i-haeres are onlv 82-> eechi, 'i-> that
it is i the. pow'ieeof enr -9' minw ini thfe
(:tty to) hieieili a1 stckokh~d-r. I lovi
.fnes, has pubilisahed-e neppoeiitoewns ti
add ress the plenide along th1' eprop9'ed
line. Th'le citizen-is eef i'ehc'niihies vowde~
ini fi'vor ef' thne cit y tain i g haf1 I'c icifllic
ef thle Steeck . The vot ie t ootud 70t tee
10 LiI.-. O. (resxcent.
Alr. l''renlk .\-.------, whc e a a. ne a e-iie
iilui of(I c~ieel ieit iese ande cteI m iiaehncer.
en-ellwe !i ainecdle, as!e~e rb icin re-crr: ee't
iy iei 'l . t h i f e d ceolio .d eb l. w o ~ nnis ; Ijf -
lienIs, aiie had icani'99n1e''Cd pa':. herir
hei$ adrese-s. l)'uring the couereh iep, he
siomeenii-s suppiiled wivth iltheely'- taicll,
whien he' w.i.- iwa.ys ri-g;ed wdh Iili.
htiey dehl ecf eeoerh and iidk, amle b..ene
ofi a s.eriouns ituric, was x er- ie-ally, a ei.l ic,
saey irae ever the iieakii lThe ue-I:er
I-'ianik ilihid n iteke ,iiue, nas the fcu:: of*
heis icr i' 01 .. wa ie iiiehriit-eereeieee,-. i p.;
ai. be9iing hiIieelt .9oor, lee. 991:fc ed sit 19
doeeeno -i ec9noinet: he- .'.- ice 'n. w n. f
eed, prov',ide' ie eh eleile r e h - th.. 9 o
cofh is dl cCe.e 'hei cue e of- et r o. h've.
Ii isre -u, 'ievher riuns .mn-c b499,' ac 1 c. i
e~ichned teo hute rival inoch re-tier ith n
(I0 vni ng(i~'cie', w~hien le' wasnit virsi. m hl
ebainriier, aeter the boecid l:ineen .ci ,lrceei
liut. hetoe t he fanec jy'. hel i cen: ltheir c--e.
atf lihe i-e le, 919. olie -ne pi ,I 1.reh' ri. .d
'''er the~ $iubsncef lthe ienelk \-s oI lt
mafeL9 the table wacs cearede of~ is leac, meidl
naueight reiimim e t il thei- talh' bult lie
C cnu hi noecloeth. Ine the er--em, eof ae c-hort
tme, hiowev.er, lihe taeble h'. e,- 9a'949 forreh
eel, neot as befet-, lhii w ih ihe suablne p.
pluae~ges~ foi ieeakmrg tea, and wethI warme
bcread, sneh as is haisitee bkeel, t:el inc cem.
iiona pairlnc-e cal'ede '...hcrt cae.' \VhIceu
all wasnic ready, as waes the custom9 c, bro tier
A wasN iini'ed to Fay grace whlc,
with clue solemeiely, hiandes lechled, :i0iie e''es
clos-ed, proniouncell the lichlowmi g imieprouip.y
I iCow I' ii umzedi/99
To eer how ,thinri h'c'ae mnded:
F'cr uuijpper Ii see,
W~her, mutsantd mitlk wvere Iineened.
It is ahloost nunnecessary to add that, af..
it grace, Frafk nevr -rurned to
bis lady-love, but left her the undis
in0did osession of his m fortunate
Sumterville, So. Ca.
WEDNESDAY, MAY, 8,' 1850.
if" Messrs. A. WHITE & Co., are
Agonts for the Biimner in Stunterville.
The ofie of the SUMit-n BAle'R 11a
boon removed to thio Ow building (upstairs)
one door norh of A. J. & P. Moses store.
UfT We regret that we have unavoida
bly been prevented fromt giving to-day
"CIRC.MSTANTIA. EVIDENCE," a thrilling
tale by a gifted Cuntributrems; the chaste
nid elegant productions of whose pen we
trust will often grace our columns.
It. will appear in our next.
We learn frotn the Temperance Adrocmae
1hat the IrOV. T'i'or1As G. C.AYTON will do
liver a Tem'vinperatnce Address inl this place,
('11 hllurd(ay next, 9th inst., at 8 o'clock,
Delegniltes to tlac Movtherti Con
Ve learn from a gentleman who was
(fn yesterdov present at the meeting of the
I)elegates in Camden, that Col. GIEGG and
(o. CnaEN-t;T were chosen to represent
this Congre:.sioaitl District in the Southtern
Coetweialon to meet in Njshville on tle 1st
Advires with respect to the Market give
11s 10 mnaterial ch-ingo lin thle prices of
C.otton. Thle news by the last Steamers
thou:0gh fnvornbie haive rather had the effect
of unsett iig tle aarket, thouaghl prices
conitinie tirmi. litrmg tle week ending
on Thurslay hist sales in Charleston were
mtande nat from 10 1 -2 to 13 1-1. No altera
t1tiit Sinec repored.
The Compromi4v Committee.
Tle presewint (ion of Congress comn
mtiienlee undr exciting circumstances. Tile
publiC m111 I 6l:d heein -irred to iti lowest
d1-p1h1 and all lelt that a crisis was at hand.
Our National Counelbors expected a mighty
tralgt2lei to Cnui,1. oat the one side to
usurp power and suipreacwy, on the other
to naitai xistenii ml lotor. letween
the two) l"sitioms. which tho antagonistic
force-; lhad taken, there was and could be
nto alliddlo groinal which the South could
with proipriety occupy. Whaat Southron's
h'l)told but wotuldi boil wiiiti his veins, if told
that he was no! an eptual of his Northern
:liCs-that he was anit negressor upona Jin
malanivty-a dtefratider of the rights of men
that, though ils exertions and treasures
were maIe useof by theam to acqtire pro.
prty and' territory. ostensibly for the wholo
pricik- wre so objet tiqjtg
o,,. r. e -hi?".of anw~I-a. ~ ina anan race could
noI t .4llantion h irietpation in, atal enjoy
m.t:tut of. the re:aruhs oft their commaaton labors
a and x peiulit urts ! It suach langaaage were
i:u'e!, personally, tao a Souathernt genttleman,
whai~t te. r-I'could h with ~i proaprieay puars'el
li thes pr' pt o: a paeahu religion re
striined him fromi liftinglo his larma ain~.l~st
hi> revdler, wVouldth dia ctateo to hiam to link
it in3 that oft hi- c~laluin~iator, ian iraternald asso~
uilnion, utiil he ha-i retraacted his atssertioans
;ad as-k'd pirdont tor theo (outrlla he lad
co :ioinedl 2 WelbI what shouaald a ation
I ft gatntla do in sauchl a c''ae 1 Does
It>l toaL; n:ti hono;r requairo: acknaowxle'dgmntts
:11(1l nipritill lir inlut' or injtauies whaiebl
a pice ''nth-inan taaighlt, wVitha piropriety,
2:.-' h ennree n aof thme agita.
a iwle p I1'.r '.. She h;:.amlnbl o aggre's
ion bu h: .! in~ for jnsie bt
Ih. v'ery~ fooitail havo bteon trated as
tutag-lipo hu33;nanity ai rejectedh with
inlgn . T'h N arijwrnl pe'opll, as5 unlits
I -ilativ. al-tubh-al''. thraough thaeir presses
il:en'e , h:.olderidtir autter abhor
ar -ie' of aur na:tiomd~a alracte'ir iandi instiau
e~r~ier.u i- th.i on-ait. shall anever ihe
inltpr( atid u;'1 any\ ' ther ople, anor thiose
wlel of ' :l.nion have been stiavad thlat
tin :i-111 its ungt ha'- venated atI neettman-.
tid up on I a. The geneiral inite're'sts of
he countryi 1~ 1 xlnlio'a uletd, lo.aw omre
rom it' 1:2> iinat-' ohaj' and its enorg'ie's
-1ught it h00 N -rtid inthe de igriadtionm and
d-:ruenc n <:il ne o its 15 nl'tint por
Ii >,. The~ S-ath1 w04 at lenthi rouased to
a s! :appread 1111n oft her wvrongs nand hecr
dani r. II rippr hell-i ins at tilt perils
na a Nly . ' i tnnin -,that had1 beenQa
show erii I:; r bi otad ito whlat le~ngths
fi-ritili. la:-. i:l x ha~t ataiatr colli thle
lillieuh b l a, -l'-d ? N'~o prniancuipalens
clnceal1-, t'al:d bk. m1121h. bly her that dlid not1
mly' di'ihonor andll intioirity--noa, clam
-v ti llIpoiah by her wats anot to ho ex
lon , t';ledracy, to whebeer.Ae
ourn ipre'.ren wou.anld rnllver their iosens of
an't been1 y entirely'a iandoned. lBut hlow
has, it thus1 Lto h111n 1 riitit'd 1 Cngressl
destinh of1'l I thlis liitiy jitpublic were ian
ihlar itail., aand haiow havel taley conatrolledl
thotse1 aet 'iie !' Th 142'ance spi'rit, that gnvo
rise: tat all tte toblesx 'tered into their
tirs.t trnctions andlS 111, for nItty wee~ks dho
latyedl .' arganization ti of t oo~
nIone of the prt~ocedintgs of CongQ~~
We ~ ~ 00 = 8W *t1~gt~
be regarded azad otuqataor4Sg
wefd in.. ofthe so caI1.c
41 w6pm tugQ'M -0o~ n d
6 11 w m the done thqr(nae
totrn tiijustico and frAernal koing ?
Whatae they 7..
ist. That Territorial Governments .bad
be established over New Mexico and Utah
.without any reference to Slavery. We
must all acknowledge the advantages to lx
realized by the South, from not being ex
cluded from Territorles, four-fifths of wbifl
are barren, and upon no part of which, oiii
opponents toll us, slavery can exist.
2d. That Texas shall have the right t<
divide horself into four additional Statoi
with or without slavery, as the people with
in them may desire, whenever there is suffi
ciont population. The concession to l
found In this is the acknowledgment tha
this Government is to be bound by its own
contract with a foreign State, for upon those
very terms was Texas admitted into th<
3d. The strong and eniphatic declagtor
of the right of the South toi have fugitiv
slaves deLvered up.
This, if extended to its legitimate results
we consider the most important concessior
tit our oopponents have made, or will make
and is, perhaps, the batsis upon which an ud.
justment of the difficultes may be founded;
for it is, as far as it goos, a republication of
tihe Constitution, and an adinisslon that thal
once respectable, but now abnost forgotten
instrument is tihe magta chara, the ftuda
mental law of the land. Upon the Consti.
tutioln we have alwnys been willing to estab
lish ourselves, and in it tihe right to recap.
ture fugitive slaves is as strongly and emn
phatically declared as terms can be devised
to express. Theoretically then, and in out
particular, the renarkable concession is
made, thnt tihe rights of tihe South, undet
the Constitution, shall be protected. In
practice thouigh we lave always found, and
probably will always find, diat the sentienin
of our Northern brethren is adverse to the
Constitution in this respect; and the unfor
tunate owner will only have the consolation
of knowing that he could reenpture his slave
if ie only had the power to enforce his right.
laving thus minde their concessions, anul
flung the sop to Cerberns to keep him quiet,
they proceed, without fear of danger, to
grasp the objects of tletir l,.ires.
Cialifoniia, the last umnapproprinatd territo.
ry, the only land, upon whirli slavery can
exist, that we have not already been exclud
ed from, is to b- sealed against even our
brave warriors yhose valor aided in winning
her. Never are Southern feelings aid in
stitutions to be disseminated and etablished
there. Its vast store-houscs of mineral
treasures are garnered up for others than
us. Its inralculable wealth, its boundless
resources, its future resistless commtercial
power, are to be joined to the influeness
now at work against us; and shall we not
tremable in anticipation of our doomn.
The specions manner in which this dis
astrous condtoaor affaira has been broughst
a eekstoti:tted as a State, $$W
ing a Constltition which unorganized muass
es have adopted. Excluiditng slavery, it
tncers the views of oura opponents, who ad
jutre us to legalize this trespass ppon our
righmts upon the plea thmat the inhabitants '
that country were forced to adopt laws to
pareve~nt anarchy; that, though not legally
oarganuize'd, so that they could tact ina a sover
('ignt capacity, yet the ntecessity of their
case. by Nature's own bays, endowed thema
with the right, and thaat their own predila'e
tions prxuaced the ohnaoxiouts clause.
Now leaving outt of view the flagraunt fact
that a few thmousiad watnderrrs over a terri
tory hava dared to exclude from it its trute
ownters, it is enough for us to conasider how
thaat necessity was brought abou~at, who caums
ed it, and t'rom what resonms thoso predilec
tionms exist. It was thet restult of the refusal
by the North at the hlast sessiont of Coangraess
to establish a Territorial Governmtent over
Cli rnaia, uanless the Wilmnot Proviso should
be anttached. The enmity to outr .instittutions
evinced by than stronger portion of our Con
fedleracy, the determnination declare'd by thenm
that slavery shoul never be extenaded into
thet territorieas and their past dis'regiard of thme
most sacredl obligations, have convinced
slavehoaldlers that their property was not st'
ecure even ini their Country's pssssion; they
have thaerefore sharunk fromi the htazard, ad
Northern meneu, with their ptcutliar prejutdi
ces, hmave flocked thithter. Trhesei facts, ta
ken togethaer with Exeutive interferenace,
will accounat for the predilectionts exhaibited
by thae inhliabitants of Califoria. And nowt
We ask the alauastion. hlaull they be permit
fed to take (ada antage of their owen acrong
11ling I A Curt oft Jtstice would speedi
ly dlecidle thec question. We submit it to thte
Ilut thais is not all that the Comipromrise
enanaittee fans paroposed to ale for us. Like
the giant tot thre forest, its trunk, while it
c:an tap-ramt thme mighty tree, can pick up the
uminautest nee'dle. While one hand of the
tConnnraittee raeaches out to theo Pacific to
grasp the prize of prizes, theo other gently
clomses ouer thet I)istrict ol' Coalaubia. TheIa
slave trade is to be aboli~xhd there. The
terfpent is windming his folds arouind tus. Le*t
us Ihsak to otur safety.
"It is ouir painful duty to record the death
'uf AnAM Mettmt.tr, a votung man of the
mnost promising talent, but who has been
mnatchf ed away freom earth at the umoment
whfeni is youing genius was ripeninig inito
inaturity, lie wuas a warmu friend, a dlevo
cl son atnd brother, anal leaves a houst ot
re atives aind friends to latnent his untimne
ly less. We euntertaini the most heartfelt
ymipathay for his affectionate father and
nether in their deep distres."
We clip thne above notice froma the Cad
lo Gazette, and from the naman, as wvell as
ra'ii the description of the young mnan's
luahities of head anid heart, wo are afraid
Ihe subject is the son of Col. McWillie,
urmerly of this State. lIe was a noble
routh, andl wvas highly esteemed by all who
mew him. WVe would be glad to learn
hast he was not the person mtentionted.
The grand juary of a town in Ohio has
tresented the."lSewing Society" of that
stop e n ht t prd
an iportant proposition i fre i to
the apportionment of Repre" itativ -iun.
der the now Census. tiproposei.'llatf
the nurraber of Representatives shill be
limited to two hundred, and the Secretary
of the Interior shall fix the ratio according
ly. Heretofore, ithe ratio han been fixed by
Congress. and ther h:as always been a
struggle beuveen the States. with mnall
ltAd nearly stationary pepulation, with the
more populcus and rapid ly growing States,
rho ratio, now seventy-six thousand, will,
under Mr. Vinton's plan, Ie brought up to
nearly one hundred and twenty thousand.
The present number of Representatives is
two hundred and thirty, to which are soon
to be added; two or more from Califiornia,
and two more from each of the North
western Territories, sooi to become States.
Mr. Vinton's plan will fix the wholo
number of Represeitatives, from all Sttales
that may be in the Union after the next
apportionment at two hundred, which will
be a considerable, and an some suppose, a
desirable reduction. The House will be
come a iore manarreable body with a re
duced number, anr the menbers elected
will be perhaps, men of more weight of
character. The Southern States, which
continue their eficient members in the
House for a nmber of years iin succession.
(while the Northern and Western States
change their's every two or four years,)
will gain in inifluem e, rather than lose, by
Thie Senate live been again engagel
in tan antmcated discussion of the- bill to
grant public lands to the State or Illinos,
im aid of the coistruction of tie Central
Rail Road. 'The debate ins involved ite
question of Internal improvemiient by tie
general Gvvernment, and also the disposi
tion of th public lands We hrave a min.
her of land projects hiare Congress, and
some of theim provide for tie more general 1
division of hile spoil among all the States.
The older States put in their claim to a
fair share of the comminon property. and not
without sonic reason. .1r. Clay's ohI plan
of distributing the proceeds of Lte sales ol
the public lands anm ng the States is about
to be revived.
We loan. something more delinitely of
the provisions ofsthe linhver treaty, ";lnd
there can be no doubt that they are high ly
favorable to the U ilted .mtates, aiil to thI,
whole commercial world. The directors
of the American Company for inakin: g t he
Nicstarrua Canal are aihoit to commience
operAtions. They will open t heir suboscrip
tiot andil obtaint a large sum in this ciouitry <
before tiey apply to British capitalists
who hive grerit contidence in Aner.cani
enterprize. The Canal vill cost less than I
forty millions as is now believed.
The new steamner the "'AIlantic" eq1:al.
aill expectations as to starength, speel and
beauty. It was intended that she shIoull
take a trip to thia Potoma. It wouldi hive I
been a great gratilication to pubic meii
here. flereafter, the A iericans will take t
the leand in this species of taval architer
ture, though they failed in somne early cx.
Twelve clerks in public olfi.es hero re- i
signed in order to go to C.ahiforni:a.
Mr. Crey Jones. a'thor'f the late re
port on C afiklornia land itle, geos out mll
the Crescent City.
I Col. Fremiont his hire.1 a portiton Of his t
gold lands to enterprising ntera.
Mr. Clay is in line sgirits and there emti
rather a large .Majority of .them~.;ih favorj
if hsis palan of comnpromiiso. O.y t
the Coumtmiie were aibsent nat the meiaetin.,
held a week ago--.\essrs. lierrieni, .\bsoat
snd Dickinsoni, nad it is bherced that ewah
Iof themn would co-operate in the plan now I
agreed tupon. It is sutppoised thl.at, on the i
(lth of May, the Ctanmmte iil report, andl
that by the first of June, the Senite will i
pass at leaist a poartieon of tihe bill. The first
bill w-ll be the hill to ;adamit Califarnia; to .
estabahl the territorial govermuien: of 1 I
Utah naide Deseret; atal to reduce andl lix
the boundlarms of Tlexas, usponm proper coma- I
pensatiom. T1he other bilis wdil requie :
hut litt le time, viz.: the fngitive slave bi,
and thle bill preventing the introduction of
slave. into thmis District for sate. r
IAs to the lI ouse,' they will coitmend for a C
moombI, over the first bill and v'ery probably
send it 'ack to rte Setnito witr: amemid. l
ments, anid then, alter a conference, make
a ttvrat of necessity, and yred to the Seat
The position of the A lministration, ini
regardl tothis subjec~t has oif late, been the .
subject of'much comniit. TIhe Admainis-a
tr.ation lplan, or as .\r. Ca'haoun cal'el it,
I"the Executive provimo," was otThredl in the
C.ahiforni~a moessaige on the'dilst Jmauary; at "
that time, the WV~hnot proviso had notbent
give til lby the Nor: h, and it was ai qutes- r
tion whet her the Northaerii membeira woub 1.1
recnnha at. The l'residlent's plhm was,
thieretaore, a co~almoune, anal ititetnded toc
evade thte , ihnot, proviso. The1 prgrs
of opaiion in Cotngress and amritg th l o
ple has beena sui ht as to rendler practicable
ian entire adjustiient of the qulestionas; to a
w ~hiclh, of cours !, the adimst rationn wvill
readily consent. ti
The1 Galpin Committee is talked abotut dl
by every one, anal the umoist conatradic'tory n
views are given as to the results of their a
hiaborn. The C.onnoamitte ountmd themiselve5
to silence as to the p roeeditgs, hut theS
witnlesses dlnal not. TIhere is mnaterial en. i
ough, t herefore, faor dubatimid dispiute. :1
T1he Seinate lhave passed the bill to in- ai
crease the rank and file of the Army, and TI
encourage enlistments. They have also mi
passed the Joint Resailutioiis from the dat
I louse, to limt on governmentm loot ing of in
daicipahne, &c., thle expedition ta. 'a sent et
by Mr. Gum t~., of New-York, to the a
Arctic seas, in search of Sir John FIANK- p.
us . A numbaer of ollicers amnd seamen oifh
the U. S. Navy hanvo voluinteered for this tI
hiazardduis enterprise. Thebre is sonic ma
ground vet fair hiope that the host tiaviga.. m
t'ars may beo foaundm and relieved. Ti .e T
qliuntities of ice floatinig dlown from the in:
Arctic seas indicate a milader Sealson analp
imore ope invigation. The veteran Sir am
JA~~tEq RoSS does niot consider thme seardh d<
l'he new 15. S. steamier *Saraneac, of beli
fifteen hundredl tonis, is put tinder comn- pc
mamnd of' Capt. 'PTAaL, and is about to Ily
sail for the Ubia seas taoncinnmg at Cahi. j]
fornia. Amn increased force is to be kept bI
ini those seas, for the protectioni of our is
commerce and relief of our ship-wvrecked A
semamti. W.rsixea, May 3. c
Thme Senuate comtpleted its weekly labor of
yesterdlay, and adjourned over to Mondlay, th
the 6th, by wvhich time we expect the re- at
turn of nearly all thme absent Senators tao si
their seats. T~he Compromise Commnittee cm
have now, by a vote of eight members out em
of the number present, settled every qjues- af
tion of dificulnty; and upona a full meeting fa
the v-ote will be taken uapon the boundary at
to be proposed to Texas, and the comupen. of
station thereof. It is probable also that a ina
declaratory propositioni will be repotted by oh
the Comnittee, to the'efuct, that the stiptu- w
tiens with Texas, in lho anntexationi arti- tr
' a shall be reApectetd; bitt mis MJr 3Voh. a1
. i i
o Tef th Al
held a mneeting this nor. an
rod the examnation oi w
deterinimmed to sumi
Jones, Esq., the son-ti--law o
adwho a left toe Cifor
etce hie wait to tail to&4lfie
The Committee will pPha -
full statomlenit of facto.
Thle Gapi:COitiinlite-' loei
ing their investigatione..
Jhnson rnd Mr. Aleredith
thait, whiile netmng n th!'eclaim,
not know that Mr. Crawford Was
i it in any way. - -
It is officially alat .tjlia
ence h:ms been 1jeld Vithathe 1
ernor-mnt, (on tihe subject. of -
Ilation of the St. Iiwreia -
British governwmnt is *ili y
it, and also ol the Canal to
Sts soon as the Cauadg e -6d
Hill iall pass. That Bill will p -C
gress, aid ill terms correspomidikg ji"
ct of the Canhalian Legislte whic
The C.ina;re lilivhich passed
tie last week. renarafaedl tie defects i( tie
pireseit system, bly antlorizlug ihe
tors of the moilt to pay out specie If ld
Just and bars lelosited. - Heretofo re, d
riositors have had to wait sixty-daa ko
The Arm~y an#id Navy appropriation billf,
or the next fscal ear, have bcen ripot.
ad in the -louse. 'or the ArMy 'six mil
ions are asked, and for the Navy sixteen.
.ir. Seward his declared, reeutly, .that
le anl his frienids, the opponents or Mr.
'av's Coiumpromlise, will beat the breath out
If its borly in tie Nenate. and leave-it toiwv.
lie South i to gmive it the coup de grace. Mr.
iewarl 1um1st invoke the "higher bow$
or lie has si own nio strength in his own
T vs" :c F rn rnTI. CxvFTo..--We
ake tIe following extracts fronm the Jaat"
"The demnoratiric party of Tennessee io
moanimously inl favor of the Southern Con.
ention, and is takinlr meanas to be fully
epresnwed in it. Every democratic pa
er i the State' b S strongly approved- itp
nil we have not hearti Of a single dom -
rat inl the State who is opposed to -it--pot
io ! Such is tihe positiort *of tid dehio
rat ic pa rtv.
"For :I lime, about the close of tihe ses
ion or lin Legislature, we feared thaij only
Ili dmooeratic party of the State. would
e re~presenmted ina it. These fears are lion
ssiplated. W itli1 the last few -9-.a
ive hearned eou0114gh1 to knpw b 1
dsih irrepressibtle teeling i e
onivention in risimg ato th
his viinity. lManv in tJ~ seixnt
irdially joimi with the decre
ppointiment of delegates. Bul
mow, is time cwontaen of things els'w ere
lbrou igmit' !Ae't'e. We believe that
yV Ih i .lie, I hie enhiss4ionits l
ei ." anptble mmnoritv tofileI
. 11e .4glrned bitterly tegr
ni.tv atnmi whicM has driven tlPo t
.1s1w to the ritits Of their own .see
be.-Uniion anid false to their own ea -
nmil'obler ihtstir,cts. .
The Memphiti 14ftquirer. a leadin Ig
aper of Tennersef, speaks out Im th
inmi obie arid.'ampressive words
"The qutdst' n now is, whtetltyw
Ann anti -quetam their constitts t
ghts. The objget of th~ proposed Nash-m.
mile Cotivetron is to seottle this. qrtestion.-.
nd it the States there represented shralI
.iterminae to submnit and hieemoe obedlienr
iaves, th-~y wvill agree and putl on thceir
ranm necklace,"..if mnot they will cIe-rize an
Oeomsmnd thme "anode and tneastrze of r
ress," which the people shnuld adopt..
'his conveantion will e laiam no legiskative
r other authority. They will he th~r~
esentatves of anm oppressed and p~~~ d
eople, anid will only suggest th ~~a4,
nd time people will act. We tWil
ethe reader. This is a fruitful ift.
\ shali from day to daq present <t :m
acaers sompe or a lao reasonms which influ,.
neo ais to advose thme people of the Somgth
> tact. 'l'hem irati m mout treason 'and
erto the Union is tnere pretence. We
altl undaertrake to show, ini our future
innbers, t hat thme only salvation of the
mn conimmsts in an energetic eflort on the
art of the Sott'hern popjle to preserve the
ist iLutiaon----the oly lvngd of Union--pure&
rid tmnconitaannnated from the touch of the
u| d e.t royer. Tl'he real traitor is the man
hov coalesce.s with the vee.e of the South
rid slanders her friends. T he people of
ae South, without distiniction or party, will
mieamber these piretended friends, who
.esk loud wordsnr the -Unhion, and at the
inwe lim n tab her bies friends by a failse
laage Ef teason."
Affairs iu nsba.
A correspondenit of thme New York Hier
[d. wvritimg trom .latanzars, says:
"lHeimre this Islandc can be annexed t~o
mi Union, wvar, with horrors hardly ever
reamed of, will leave it a waste. The
umber of troops now on the Island
nonntms to over 25,000O, and this number
dimly ineiceased by new levies froum
pamn. They are well clothed and fed, and
time highmest state or disciphne. During
me last three imonths they have been, and
-e still practismng euerrilla warfaro."
lae marmne has bieen increasedj by addi
rims froum Spun. The forts, castles and
mfemnces have becen Put imi order, the troops
the intterior have been ordered to the
ast, and l'aixhana shell gunam have beemi to
large nuambter added to the already tell
epa red defencues. There is a large num
'r of natives of Old Spaini scattered
rouaghotit the islamnd; evary town, village
mi hamlet contatins its rinota; and they are
ostymen acenastomed to time use of arms.
hmey hate thme Creohes or Cubans with- an
tenscity beyondl bh.This deep hatred
rvades both pbartmles throughout ail grade
sa all ransks. Themse O'~d Spaniarda have
claredl that shouldl an expedition come
inn time [United States, their first act, would
toumrmm tihe mnegroe'. oven if they shioubi
-rish all together. Thme Creoles, general
are am tavor of amnexationm, but the Old
>aniardls would lose their last drop nf
undl in mmmantainimng thmeir sway oveor this
lamnd, thme last remunanit of th eir once great
Cat.swotnm Lmxats.AURF...--I~aat act
'ents fromm mhhk counmtry bri ng intelligence
the assenmhfbge of this augujst bssly
cy were in a hmost, pitiabmle condition oin
uomnnt of iiamnces, and time consatant re
(rnati< n of tho numbmnerg. It w as difli.
It to keep a qluorumi, No inierest seemm.
I to be felt itt it by any one, amnd tIme w ho
foir looked very like provmng a 'o nmle
Itre. TJhe favt is, it. doies notf regtmitre
gus eyes toi disrover that the~ groumt tns
the peopho of Califriam took little or nmt
terest or p~it n'hatoaer in thes formatmint
thM io amuch talked fc-im dia ~ itatiot. "l'his
ho thingwatsgot up~ ath0 At~iif
ttion, thmighta its ngenta anid etfcer*, to
cid opirinij ohiticcans wh , e-nhms